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Page 529 ï~~A Fast Communication-Interface to the CAMP-DSP-Subsystem for general purpose Sound-Synthesis, Analysis and Processing. Rupert C. Nieberle Skalitzerstr. 62, D-1000 Berlin 36 Technical University of Berlin, Computer Science FR 2-2, Franklinstr. 28, D- 1000 Berlin 10 firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT: This paper describes the DSP-Subsystem and its ProgrammingTools of the open network CAMP, which allows composition and interactive performance on different Hosts, the usage of high speed communication Interface for distributed Sound Synthesis, natural Sound Sampling and Effect Processing, which is based on the Motorola DSP56001. Introduction The CAMP-DSP-Subsystem called IDEAL56 for Synthesis, Analysis and Processing of Music is the Signal-Processing-Engine of the Open Music Workstation developed for CAMP (Computer Aided Music Processing). The network like architecture of the CAMPSystem allows control of Midi-Devices and high speed sample transfer between Hosts and specialized DSP-Subsystems through SCSI-Interfaces. Connected to Hosts, depending on applications downloaded to the DSPs on the Subsystem, Sample-Devices for natural Sound Sampling and Generation, or algorithms for Music- and Sound Processing are performed. For programming the DSP, a comfortable symbolic debugger can be used to test low level DSP algorithms and high level language constructs are provided to use low level DSP macros, which are embedded in an Object-Oriented and Lisp based Composition Language. The user may use lots of predefined functions or easily extend this environment with own ideas. Some of the interactive applications are: Recording and Playing Sounds, Filtering, Spectral-Anlysis and Resynthesis or Space-Processing. Highlevel network functions in CAMP are implemented, that even novice programmers are able to communicate between various stations easily, which represent the performing musicians. In this environment musicians produce their compositions in realtime. All participiants in the network orchestra may use the same distributed musical sources and control interactively all music generating devices throughout the network. After a short introduction of IDEAL56 DSP-Subsystem's hard- and software the high speed communication interface and communication language between the Host and IDEAL56 will be discussed. IDEAL56 the DSP-Subsystem of CAMP The modular hard- and software tools of IDEAL56 for programming the DSP56001 allows ICMC 529
Page 530 ï~~to develop on the very same hardware from test, including I/O, to final applications. This, of course, includes the development of algorithms and testing them in realtime, which is very convenient supported on IDEAL56 's Debugger. Short training and online help, a numerous number of additional utilities help the programmer to get started. Conveniency and easy Debugging are the spotlights of IDEAL56. Hardware Specification of IDEAL56 The basic idea of this development system is easy going from prototype to target system. In the CAMP environnment, the DSP-Subsystem consists of one or more DSP-boards, which can be developed using a PC/AT. Typical algorithms for musical applications like recording and playback of sampled Sounds are developed on the DSPC56 board, which can be used as a plugin PC-board, supported by a realtime symbolic debugger. The DSPC56 board and its interfaces to the hosts, on which the application will be developed is shown in figure 1. There are numerous expansion boards offered for IDEAL56. It connects between the DSPC56 and additional peripheral boards through a 24-bit parallel Bus. The expansion boards, A/D and D/A, AES/EBU, RAM Expansion or SCSI, come in 'EUROPE' format, which means, that they build together with DSPC56 a long PC-board. On the developer board DSPC56 the Processor is running at a clock frequency of 20 or 27 or 33MHz. Three memorys P for program, X and Y for data are provided with 32k words (24bits long) and can be easily expanded to full address space of 64k words. Reset and programmable interrupt take care of defined program flow after reset. The booting can be done through hostport or - for standalone applications- from an inserted EPROM. Three cascadable timers may be used as watchdog or samplerate generators. Eight predecoded select lines are for customer's expansion boards, like AD, DA-Converters. Other predecoded select lines allow memory expansion or user build external multiport memory configurations. All additional expansion boards are connected to the main processor board through a 96-pin-female connector at the inner end of the plugin-PC-Board. An additional 15pin DSUB-female connector for I/O allows NeXT-DSP-Port devices to be plugged in, an easy to use of the shelf product, like, for example the 'Digital Microphone' or 'Proport' from Ariel. Also Midi-IN and OUT can be provided for direct control of generated instrument sounds. Software Support for IDEAL56 A vast library of functions for digital signal processing, almost every standard problem in the digital domain, can be provided. In this library the functions are written in macros, standardized calls with handing over of parameters and standardized block data management are offered for convenient programming like in high level languages. Furthermore the library supports mathmatic functions like for example: ICMC 530
Page 531 ï~~-FFT, IFFT, DCT, IDCT, CCF, Interpolation and Decimation, Fast Convolution -Windows: Blackman, Triangle, Hanning,Hamming, Kaiser with adjustable alpha for Bessel functions, Tapered with adjustable overlap area, user defined windows -FIR Filters, IIR Filters: numerous standard configurations of infinite impulse response filter structures As one of the most flexible macro the FFT will be introduced to you. Only by changing parameters in the calling function it will be adjusted to: - Optimal to time or space in memory. - InplacelNonimplace to be processed. - result in bitreverse or linear order. - complex transformation with imaginary part zero or -'real FFT with 2 real no imaginary parts with resorting the data. - in cases of N, were the number of points is not a power of 2 and not a prime, a Winograd transformation will be provided. Automatic Code Generation from Signal Flowcharts The most advanced feature is the Code Generator of IDEAL56. It is part of a graphical surface in order to operate the application on the IDEAL56 system. The Code Generator enables the musician to write realtime compositions without writing a single line of assembler. The Code Generator typically produces programs which are special and deal in general with problems of Digital Signal Processing. Of course a word processing program cannot be coded with this code generating system. Small Operating-System 'SOS' The software that runs on the DSP boards, a Small Operating-System 'SOS', was developed to support communication [5,6], code generation and high level comands from hosts. For control and programming of actions executed on the DSP, it behaves similar to a forth interpreter and suports all level of language extensions (Object-Oriented and Lisp), wich have been developed in CAMP [2 ]. The communication language, called F-Code, is easy to use and goes far beyond the programming facilities of forth. For example it is not restricted to certain series of functions because of data exchange on stack, every functions can be allocated to own memory for parallel task execution. Indirect jumps to executable code through tables allow simple code refreshing in case of dynamic loading of actions. There are 'groupfunctions' like Objects of the same type,which incorporate functions, that can be applied to other groupfunctions. SOS is build of smallest code pieces low level words (DSP macros), which exchange data on a DSP-Parameter stack and so called high words, which are build of a list of lowlevel words. The DSP-F-Code looks, besides the different internal data format, exactly like the forth code on the host system. This allows integration of all Forth Music Language constructs. ICMC 531
Page 532 ï~~Extension DSPC56 Board....-................................. -........... iiii~iiiiiiii Midi-IN NeXt-Port EISA-Bus or Atari ST- ACSI DSP-Subsystem figure 1 The IDEAL56 Basis- and Extension boards used by CAMP References  R.C. Nieberle, M. Freericks: "Extending an Interactive Music Environment"; Computer Music Journal, vol 15, No 2, Summer 91, MIT Press  R.C. Nieberle, et. al.: "CAMP-Computer Aided Music Processing"; Computer Music Journal, vol 15, No 2, Summer 91, MIT Press  R.C. Nieberle, P. Modler: "Strategies for Distribution of Algorithms on a Multi-Digital Signal-Processing Architecture" 86th AES Convention Hamburg '89  E. 0. Brighan: "FFT - Schnelle Fourier-Transformation"; Muinchen Wien; 1987, 3. Aufl.  F. Mattern: "Verteilte Basisalgorithmen"; Berlin Heidelberg; 1989. Springer  K. Rothermel: "Kommunikationskonzepte fur verteilte transaktionsorientierte Systeme"; Berlin Heidelberg; 1987. Springer  D. Anderson, R. Kuivilla: Accurately timed Generation of Diskrete Musical Events, Computer Music Journal, vol10, No 3, pp48-56, MIT Press ICMC 532