A guide for emergencies, containing the homœopathic treatment ... / Title Contents
A guide for emergencies, containing the homœopathic treatment ...
Millard, Henry B.
New York: C. T. Hurlburt, 1871.
First aid in illness and injury
Homeopathy -- Popular works.
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OF SUCH DISEASES AS REQUIRE IMMEDIATE ATTENTION, AND OF
SUCH AS MAY BE TREATED WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF A
PHYSICIAN; AND ALSO CONTAINING THE TREATMENT
OF CASES OF POISONING, AND OF EVERY COMMON VARIETY OF ACCIDENTS.
FOR THE USE OF FAMILIES.
HENRY B. MILLARD, M.D., A.M.,
LATE PROFESSOR OF THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE IN THE NEW-YORK
MEDICAL COLIEE AND HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN, ETC.: AUTHOR OF " THE
CLIMATE AND STATISTICS O
It has been for a long time the design of the writer, a design seconded by many under his care who
were desirous of having such a book in their houses,
to prepare a manual of directions, which, with an
accompanying case of medicines, might be used in
such cases of emergency as are most liable to occur,
and in which it is important that some means of relief should be resorted to at once; but until the
present time he has been unable to prepare it, though
daily more and more convinced of
petent to treat all diseases, and partly because there
is at present no lack of works on domestic practice
He has, however, given directions for the mnaagement of a few diseases, such as may not be considered of sufficient gravity to demand the assistance
of a physician, or such as may occur and requirP
treatment, when there may be no physician accessible, as during absence from the city in the summer.
in travelling, &c. Among these are included dysentery, diarrhoea
edy, and the dose may be recognised as easily as
possible, and has given as few remedies as possible,
so, in short, that the directions may be of practical
use, and fulfil the objects for which they are intended.
Under the head of "Poisoning," he has included
only those cases liable to occur from the most common poisons, such as are most frequently kept in
households, and are most liable to be given by
mistake or in overdoses.
Both the diseases and accidents are arran
PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION.
In presenting to the public the Third edition of
this work, I beg to remind the critical reader, that
the preparation of a medical work, as small even
as this, for the use of others than physicians, is by
no means an easy task. The difficulty consists in
being obliged to write upon the nature, distinction,
and treatment of serious diseases, in a manner perfectly comprehensible to readers presumedly ignorant of medical terms and of everything pertaining to medicine.
PREFACE TO THIRD EDITION. VII
me to hope that I have to some extent succeeded
in my purpose.
Important additions have been made in the present edition, by inserting an Index of Remedies
useful in various complaints, rules for the use of
several remedies not mentioned in the former
editions, and adding chapters on Fevers, Scarlatina, and Measles.
H. B. M.
47 EAST 25TH STREET,
NEW-YORK, JANUARY 1, 1871.
General Directions and Explanations, Selections of
Remedies, Doses, &c.
1.-In the occurrence of any of the diseases or
accidents mentioned in this work, send for medical
assistance, unless it be in diseases not attended
with immediate danger, as headaches, colds, &c.,
or unless medical assistance is not within reach.
Do this, no matter how confident of yourselves; in
the meantime, employ the various measures for
relief that are directed. The aid of a physician is
by the patient's case, or because the case does not
present every symptom given under the remedy,
that that remedy is not to be employed. The rule
generally is, to select that remedy which seems to
be suited to the greatest number of the symptoms
*of the case, or the most important ones, or which
is suited to certain causes or conditions.
3. -Sometimes no single remedy will be found to
cover all the principal conditions and symptoms of
the case, but there may be two
tinctures or liquids is to be prepared by mixing
five drops with halfa tumbler of water. The dose
of this is a tea-spoonful.
The tumblers should be perfectly clean, should
be kept covered, and a separate tea-spoon used for
The dose of any powder is about five grains
(except when a different quantity is directed). It
is not necessary that the exact weight should be
given; this could not be done without weighing
it; it will be sufficiently accurate to gi
and two years, two drops; and for an infant from
six months to one year old, one drop may be mixed
with half a tumbler of water; and for an infant under six months, a drop with three quarters of a tumbler, of which the dose is a tea-spoonful. The powders are not to be given dry, as to adults. Five or
six grains are to be dissolved in a third of a tumbler
of water, of which the dose is a tea-spoonful to a
child between one and two years old, and half a teaspoonful
child from ten to fifteen years old, ten to fifteen
grains; to a child five to ten years old, six,o ten
grains; to a chile two to five years old, four to eight
grains; to a child from one to two years old, four
grains; to a child under one year, two to three grains.
Sulphate of zinc should be given dissolved in a little
A number of powders of Sulphate of Zinc, of different sizes, accompany the cases of medicines.
9.-FREQUENCY OF DOSES.-No exact rule can be
and should be carefully kept out of the reach of chtldren.
When however you are obliged to treat a case
without the assistance of a physician, and you have
commenced the use of certain remedies, do not, because the disease does not get better at once, change
the medicines for fear you are not giving the right
ones. Decide upon the proper medicines according
to your best judgment, and after using them for a
considerable time, if the symptoms are not relieved,
THE TREATMENT OF DISEASES.
A fully developed attack of apoplexy is characterized by loss of sensation, thought and voluntary motion, and occurs in one of three ways.
1. The head, neck and face are full and flushed,
the breathing deep and puffing, or slow; the patient
lies as if in a deep sleep. This condition may be developed suddenly, or may come on very slowly, the
patient sometimes being at first affected with drowsiness, which terminates in insensibility, and in this
in the head, noises in the ear, confusion of ideas,
nausea, vomiting, loss of memory, flashes of light,
or specks before the eyes
DIAGNOSIS.*-IS is important that this disease
should not be mistaken for epilepsy, which it sometimes resembles, as the management of the two diseases is quite different. It may be distinguished from
epilepsy by the circumstance, that in apoplexy the
breathing is free and unembarrassed, though it may
be heavy, while in epilepsy the re
ration; raise the patient up, with the head elevated,
and give an injection of five or six teaspoonfuls of
spirits of turpentine beaten up with the yolk of an
egg and mixed with a pint of water; if the turpentine be not at hand, give an injection of warm water.
In the first variety, apply cloths wet with cold water to the head, and as soon as the patient can swallow, give Ac. and Bell. in alternation every fifteen
minutes, till the symptoms are alleviated, when they
there exist disorders of the stomach, bowels or liver,
give Ac. and N ux. at similar intervals.
ABOVE ALL, when af attack is threatened or has
set in, bear in mind this one rule: Always produce
an evacuation of the bowels. It the attack is setting in
and the symptoms are not severe, this may be done
by the administration of a full dose of castor oil. If
the attack have set in, or the symptoms are severe,
resort to injections of warm water, or, what is better,
18 BLEEDING FROM THE LUNGS.
Bleeding from the Lungs,
Is often preceded by some oppression ot the chest,
or by a slight cough. The blood is of a bright red
color. and has a saltish taste; it is generally brought
up in mouthfuls, or in small quantities at a time i
the quantity raised may vary from a teaspoonful to
TREATMENT.-If it be slight, no immediate treatment is necessary; if it be at all profuse, place the
patient in a recumbent position, with the head raised,
BLEEDING FROM THE NOSE. 1.9
curs in weakly, pale individuals, or is the result of
an injury, a blow, &c., measures should be resorted
to to suppress it.
TREATMENT.-The patient should sit up, keep perfectly quiet, and stimulants should be avoided; then
the most convenient and effectual measures that can
be resorted to by non-medical persons are as follows:
1. Raise and hold perpendicularly above the head,
the arm of the side from which the blood flows, and
with the other hand close firm
20 CATARRHS, COLDS, &C.
tailed treatment has therefore not been entered upon,
as to have done this would not only have required
a good deal of space, but would have been foreign
to the object of the directions, which are intended
simply as guides in cases of emergency, and in the
treatment of ordinary affections, where no physician
is at hand.
For ordinary cold affecting the system generally,
with or without chillness and heat, pains in the limbs,
lassitude, feverishness or headache,
CATARRHS, COLDS, &C. 21
For cold affecting principally the chest or windpipe, and accompanied by considerable accumulation
of phlegm in the throat, Stibium and Hepar are the
DosE.-Same as in paragraph above.
If the cold be accompanied by pain in the chest,
tightness and oppression and aching, with short,
quick breathing, give Stib. and Phos. in alternation,
an hour or two apart.
DosE.-Add four drops of Phos. to half a tumbler
of water, and give a teaspoonful at a dose.
22 SORE THROAT.
will lie on a three cent piece. The Nux. to be prepared by mixing five drops in half a glass of water;
dose a teaspoonful.
For hard dry cough, accompanied with soreness,
give 3klerc. Dulc. and Stib. in alternation, two hours
Dose.-As much of each as will lie on a three cent
For a hard, loose, rattling cough, particularly if
worse night and morning, or if accompanied by a
cold in the head, give Kali Bich. and Stibium in
alternation, two hours apart.
CATARRHAL AFFECTIONS IN INFANTS. 23
Dos. —Five grains of each of these medicines
at a dose; to a child above two years of age, half
If there be hoarseness or soreness in the larynx or
windpipe, give Spong. and Stib. two hours apart.
DoSE.-Five drops of Spongia to be mixed with
half a tumbler of water; a teaspoonful to be given
at a dose. Five grains of Stibium at a dose.
Catarrhal Affections in Infants.
Upon infants these troubles make a much more
profound impression than upon
Kali Hyd. in alternation, firom half an hour to an
hour apart; or, if the breathing become very rapid,
as often as half an hour apart, until there is an improvement.
DOSEs.-The Verat Vir. and Kali to be prepared
according to directions for doses on pages ix and x..3. If the cold be accompanied by hard, dry
cough, give Stib. and Nux in alternation, two
DosE.-Same as in case 11.
If accompanied by a loose, rattling cough, or by
a rattling of phlegm in the ch
ture; a chill; unripe or indigestible food. Sometimes, obstructions of the intestines.
TREATMENT.-If unaccompanied by inflammation,
which may be recognized by the pain being greatly
Increased by gentle or hard pressure, try at once to
get the bowels to move by giving a dose of castor oil.
The dose for an adult is two full tablespoons; for a
child from five to ten years old, half that quantity;
if this do not produce an evacuation from the bowels
in an hour or two, put
26 COLIC OF INFANTS.
III. If the pains are principally about the navel,
give Merc. Dulc. and Bell, unless Nux. should be indicated, as in case I.
DOSES, ADMTNISTRATION, &c.-The dose of.Merc.
Dulc. in a severe case of colic, should be about siix
grains. Four drops of Coloc. or five of Nux. or Bell,
is to be mixed with half a tumbler of water; the
dose of either of these is a teaspoonful.
The intervals of the administration of the doses
must vary according to the severity of the pain
COLIC OF INFANTS. 27
by unsuitable or impure food; by improper food,
cabbage, pork, etc., eaten by the mother or nurse.
Treatment.-If the bowels are confined, a movement should be produced by giving an injection of
If the bowels are inclined to costiveness; if the
passages are not too loose and are not like diarrhea,
if the passages arb healthy, give Coloc. and Nux.
If, with the colicky pains, there is looseness of the
bowels, the passages being either too frequent, or
28 COLIC OF INFANTS.
tioned above may be added to a glass of water, and
the two remedies selected may be given while the
paroxysm is very distressing, in alternation, fifteen
minutes apart, until one or two doses of each have
been given; after that, if the pain continue very
severe, every half hour in turn, until relief is obtained. After that, if the child do not sleep; if the
crying and pain continue to be somewhat troublesome, they may be given an hour or two apart.
CONSTIPATION OF INFANTS. 29
which coroners' inquests have disclosed the fact that
children have lost their lives from the use of these
various preparations, and it is no exaggeration to say
that they have shortened the lives of thousands of
infants. Peppermint, aniseed tea, are frequently
not objectionable, when the passages are perfectly
healthy, and there is no diarrhlea. The other remedies
however, will be almost always found much more
Constipation of Infants.
30 CONVULSIONS OF CHILDREN.
old, half as much again Sulphur may be given
and three drops of Nux, mixed with a glass of water.
Convulsions of Children.
While convulsions constitute a class of diseases the
most alarming to which children are liable, on the
other hand it is no slight gratification to know, that
in a large proportion of cases, properly selected and
applied remedies will afford speedy relief. When a
child is seized with convulsions, bear in mind these
two important points.
CONS ULS1ONS OF CHILDREN.'3]
cake, confectionary, &c. Even a bit of orange peel
may produce them.
6. Worms. Do not however, attribute the convulsion to this cause, unless you are certain of the presence of worms by the child's having passed them.
This is the only reliable evidence of their existence.
7. The sudden disappearance of eruptions, as in
scarlet fever or measles; the imperfect development
of the eruption in these diseases; the sudden suppression of skin
32 CONVUISIONS OF CHILDREN.
and this system being so liable to derangement convulsions are much more liable to occur at this period
than at any other. After the first year the mortality from convulsions diminishes rapidly. It is important, therefore, that the greatest care should be
exercised at this time of life, in everything that
affects the digestive system of the child; the state
of the bowels, the process of teething, etc.
SYMPTOMs.-There is no mistaking a convulsion
when it has o
OONVULSIONS OF CHILDREN. 33
water and milk; of sweet oil and milk; of molasses
and water, or of soap and water.
3. If the convulsion be attended with flushed face,
fullness of the head, and the child is of a full habit,
apply cloths wet with cold water to the head.
4. Give a warm bath; as warm as it can well be
borne. Immerse the child all over, and let it remain in the bath five or ten minutes unless the paroxysm begin to abate sooner, when it should be
taken out and wrapped in warm bl
34 CONVULSIONS OF CHMLDKEN.
The following special remedies should be given
not so much with reference to the nature of the convulsion, as to the cause, when the latter is known.
1. If the child's stomach is known to have been
overloaded with unsuitable food, pastry, nuts, raisins, etc., give an emetic, recourse to this means of
relief being in some cases indispensable. For mode
of administering the emetic, dose, etc., see Introduction page XI.
2. If the convulsion be owing to suppresse
CONVULSIONS OF CHILDREN. 35
DOSE.-To a child less than two years old, five
grains mixed with a little white sugar; more than
two years, five to eight grains. This medicine
may be discontinued as soon as it has been followed by green stools, or by the passage of worms.
Suited to the various characteristics of the convulsion,
and without particular reference to the cause.
When the child is of a full habit, the pupils are
enlarged; there is short, panting, or heavy brea
DosE.-The same as in the preceding case.
When there is rolling of the head, twitching of
the face, twitching of the legs, dilated, staring pupils, foaming at the mouth, shrieking, pale or fiery
red face, give Hyos. in the same manner as the medicines in the preceding cases.
When there is lethargy, tremor, heaviness, stupor; heavy breathing; tossing of the arms and legs
about; give Opium.
DosE. —Same as in the preceding cases.
In convulsions which cannot be traced to
the larynx and windpipe, or they are covered with
a thick fluid.
Croup is an exceedingly rare disease in infants
less than a year old. It occurs most frequently during
the second year; after that, generally between the
second and seventh years. Fat children are most
subject to it, and it comes on in most cases in the
The causes of croup are those of ordinary colds
or catarrh; sudden exposure, even a draught from
an open door, may produce it.
is one of the most characteristic signs of croup;
sometimes complete loss of voice; difficulty of breathing; crowing inspiration, becoming long and wheezing as the attack continues; fever; hot, flushed face
when the cough is severe or long, the child seems almost on the point of suffocation. In severe cases, as
the disease advances, the voice becomes almost or
quite extinct; the child stretches back its neck; the
eyes are protruded; the face becomes discolored or
TREATMENT.-1. Wrap a piece of flannel, folded
and wet in cold water, around the child's throat, and
cover this with a dry flannel.
2. Dissolve one of'the one grain powders of Tartar
Emetic in a tumbler of warm water, and give a teaspoonful every five minutes; as symptoms of nausea
appear, diminish the frequency of the dose, giving
it every ten or fifteen minutes; the medicine should
be given so as to keep the child just on the point of
nausea, or nauseated as much as
40 FALSE CROUP.
give the dc. and Tart. Emet. at intervals of from
half an hour to two hours apart, according to the
amount of hoarseness, cough, fever, &c., remaining.
7. But if the breathing become free; and as the
cough becomes free and loose, the voice more distinct, and particularly if there seem to be an accumulation of phlegm and a rattling in the throat,
give Tart. Emet. and Hepar at intervals of from
half an hour to two hours apart. The dose of Hepar for an infant is two
FALSE CROUP. 41
It may also occur before or after dentition, and is
generally owing to some of the causes calculated to
produce convulsions, as enumerated in the chapter
SYMPTOMS.-The child is seized suddenly, generally in the night, with difficulty of breathing; it
throws up its arms, and makes the most violent exertions to get breath, but it seems impossible for the
air to enter; the child struggles violently; the face
becomes pale and a cold sweat breaks out upo
42 FALSE CROUP.
page of breath, or a slight crowing sound may be
heard with the child's inspiration. Sometimes even
during these slight attacks, the thumb will be
closed, the fingers drawn tightly in, or the great
toe drawn a little apart from the others. These
paroxysms, however, if not checked, are liable to
become more frequent, and increase, till they equal
in severity the attacks described above.
Between the paroxysms, the breathing is in no
FALSE CROUP. 43
4. Give an injection of warm water or of milk an(t
5. If the spasm be not accompanied with catarrh,
let the wind blow freely over the face and chest;
not, however, on the back.
6. Do not attempt to force medicines down the
throat while the child is choking, but as soon as the
child can swallow, give Samb. every half hour until
complete relief is obtained.
DOSE.-As much as will lie on a three cent piece,
not heaped up.
As the paroxysms are liable to return a
44 DfARRHI(EA OF GROWN PERSONS.
In "Child Crowing," the attacks come on suddenly,
without generally being preceded by any but slight
symptoms; the spasm lasts but a short time, and
the breathing is perfectly free in the intervals; there
is no fever, and seldom any cough; the voice rarely
becomes extinct; additional evidence of " Child
Crowing" is that it is generally owing to some of the
causes of nervous irritation mentioned above.
CROUP is generally preceded by decided catarrhal
I)ARRICEA OF GROWN PERSONS. 45
bowels are irritated by it. commence the treatment
with a dose of castor oil.
1. In diarrhoea caused by cold, a chill, or suppressed
perspiration, with thin and watery or dark yellow, or
slimy stools,without much constitutional disturbance,
with or without slight colicky pains in the bowels,
give Ipecac. and Verat. Alb. in alternation, two
DosE.-For an adult, 5 drops of each of these
medicines to be mixed with half a glass of water;
for a chi
46 D[ARRIMEA OF GROWN PEiRSONS.
desire to drink; the diarrhoea being worse after eating or drinking, or being produced by eating unripe
fruit, give Arsenicum and Veratrum, in the same doses
and in the same manner as Ipecac. and Verat. are
directed in the first paragraph above
4. For dark colored, slimy or mucous, jelly-like
stools; for greenish stools streaked with blood;
greenish stools without blood; putrid, sour smelling
stools; with or without bearing down behind; with