British homoeopathic pharmacopoeia, pub. by the British Homoeopathic Society, 1870. / Title Contents
British homoeopathic pharmacopoeia, pub. by the British Homoeopathic Society, 1870.
British Homoeopathic Society.
London: British Homoeopathic Society, 1870.
Homeopathy -- Materia medica and therapeutics.
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P REFAC E.
IN issuing a new Pharmacopoeia the British Homoeopathic Society have endeavoured to supply a want which
has long been felt in consequence of the number of new
remedies that have been proved within the last twenty
In 1834, Dr. Quin, the President of this Society, edited
The Pharmacopoeia Homceopathica, in Latin, in the preface
to which the following authorities are referred to: viz.
Hahnemann's Reine Arzneimittelehre and Kronischen
Krankheiten, published at various times betwee
1829, and La Raja's Elementi di Farmacopea Omiopatica,
estratti dalla Materia Medica di Hahnemann, published in
the same year at Naples. Since Dr. Quin's Latin edition
of the Pharmacopoeia the following works have chiefly
regulated the operations of homoeopathic chemists, viz.
Jahr's Pharmacopoeia and Posology, which appeared in
Germany, and was translated into English by Kitchen and
published in Philadelphia in 1842; Buchner's Pharmacopoeia to which Jahr refers; Gruner's Hoindo
2. The revision of the various pharmaceutical processes.
3. The supplying of good practical tests, whereby the
identity and the purity of each medicine could be ascertained.
In carrying these various objects into effect they have
made use of all the sources of information within their
reach, and as regards not a few of them they have
instituted direct experiments.
In identifying the plants used as medicines various
methods have been followed. For. example, in those
pratensis, appear to be three forms of one and the same
plant, of which the first is common in Germany, the second
in America, and the third in England. Again, as regards
Bryonia alba and Bryonia dioica, since it is known that
for twenty-five years many English Homoeopaths have used
chiefly the B. dioica (at any rate, all who have employed low
attenuations), and found it answer to the medical characters given to the B. alba, it has been thought expedient
to record both as ojfici
Many of the chemical substances used in Homoeopathy
are employed also by the old school, and since the
majority of these are best prepared on a large scale, it
has been recommended that they should be obtained from
the manufacturing chemists, while, at the same time, it is
urged that in every instance their purity shall be determined by direct experiment, before any of them are used
for making our preparations.
Throughout this work the weights and measures are
those that have b
identification; consequently a good practical knowledge of
botany and natural history is essential.
Since there are various systems of classification in
use, it is necessary to mention that all vegetable substances are referred to the Natural Orders adopted by Dr.
J. H. Balfour, Professor of Botany in the Edinburgh
University, and described by him in his " Outlines." The
animal substances have been referred to the classes and
orders as given in the " Compendium of Generic Dis
With these prefatory remarks, the British Homoeopathic Society commend their new Pharmacopoeia in the
sincere hope that by its universal adoption the difficulties
arising from vague and varying preparations may be
For, and in the name of, the British Homoeopathic Society,
FREDERIC F. QUIN, M.D.,
President of the Society.
HENRY R. MADDEN, M.D.,
Convenor of the Pharmacopceia Committee.
INTROD U CTION.
IN addition to a good practical- knowledge of botany,
natural history, chemistry, and pharmacy, the homoeopathic chemist must bring to his work thorough honesty of
purpose and painstaking accuracy of detail. Without
these, he can never succeed in preparing the medicines
in a manner to satisfy the homoeopathic practitioner,
but with these qualifications he will find in the following
pages all that he requires.
It is a fundamental rule in homoeopathic practice
to employ no medici
it follows therefore that homoeopathic pharmacy employs
Hahnemann's experiments having shown that many
insoluble and inert substances become active medicinal
agents after they are reduced to an impalpable powder and
diffused equally through a large quantity of some nonmedicinal substance, a class of preparations, unrecognised in
ordinary pharmacy, has been introduced under the name of
triturations. It is not the object of this work to discuss
was followed in course of time by the systematic dilution of all medicines according to a fixed scale. These
diluted preparations have been called indiscriminately
Dilutions, Attenuations, and Potencies, but sin ce the
latter term involves a theory it will not be employed
in the following pages. Attenuation, being on the whole
the preferable name, will be invariably used to denote
every preparation which contains less of the crude
material than the strongest
PART FIRST.- GENERAL RULES.. 1-36
PART SECOND.-DESCRIPTION OF THE MEDICINES
AND THEIR PREPARATIONS... 37-255
PART THIRD.-EXTERNAL APPLICATIONS.. 256-263
TABLE OF boSES, DURATION OF ACTION, AND ANTIDOTES....265-281
APPENDIX.-PART FIRST... 285-307
PART SECOND... 308-313
LIST OF AUTHORITIES.... 314-316
There are only three forms of preparation recognised in
1. Solution in water, in alcohol, or very rarely in ether.
2. 'Trituration with sugar of milk.
It will be necessary to preface the descriptions of these
operations by an account of the menstrua employed in
carrying them out.
Nothing but the purest distilled water must ever be
used in the preparation of any of the medicines. T
2 HO~JCE OPATHIC PH ARiTMACOPREIA.
All the water used by homoeopathic chemists must be
distilled in an apparatus made entirely of glass or porcelain.
The apparatus should never be much more than half filled
with water, and the distillation should be carried on at a
gentle heat, so as to guard against any of the water boiling
over. Whatever quantity is distilled, the first 20th part
should be rejected, and only 161 parts should be carried
over. For example, in distilling 10 pints, the f
HOM(EOPATH [C PHARMACOPCEIA.
Having thus ascertained that it is of average purity,
it should be mixed with recently burned charcoal in
coarse powder, using a bulk of charcoal equal to about
one tenth of the bulk of spirit, and redistilled in a glass
apparatus with all the precautions mentioned under
" Distilled Water," and no alcohol which has not undergone this fresh distillation should be employed, especially
in making the attenuations.
The following strengths should always be kept on h
distend it with air and hang it up to dry. Then moisten
it with distilled water, and paint over the inner surface
with a solution of isinglass; redistend it, having tied a
small glass tube in the neck, then cork the tube and let
it dry. When dry, remove the cork and fill it seven
eighths full of rectified spirit; replace the cork firmly and
suspend the bladder in the dry warm air of a stove, where
the temperature will remain pretty steady, at about 1000
SUGAR OF MILK.
This is a very important substance in homoeopathic
pharmacy, and great care must be taken to ensure its
purity. It has been selected for the purposes to which it
is applied for two reasons-ist, because it is devoid of all
medicinal action; and 2nd, because its crystalline particles
are very haid, and hence are of great use in grinding
down the particles of drugs submitted to the process of
trituration. It is never found pure in commerce, and
lowest possible temperature which facilitates the precipitation of the sugar of milk.
After the lapse of a few days, the liquid which floats
over the sugar of milk is poured off* slowly, and the sugar,
having been detached from the sides and bottom of the
vessel, is washed once or twice with distilled water, after
which it is spread in thin layers on clean paper over
sieves, and carefully dried. It is then pulverised as finely
as possible in a perfectly clean
cines, a laxity which would be unpardonable in a homoeopathic chemist.)
3. As regards plants, the time for collecting these must
be regulated by the part which is officinal. Vegetable
physiology must be here the guide, since it will enable us
to predicate the exact time when the part will display
most fully its characteristic properties. A few exceptions
may exist to the following conclusions, but, as a general
rule, it will be found thatWhen the whole plant i
4. After the fresh materials are collected they should
be prepared as soon as possible, for the purpose of avoiding
all deterioration. If gathered at some distance from
home, the fresh plants should be packed carefully in a tin
case (an ordinary botanical box) and kept as cool as
possible. If, however, there will be no opportunity for
preparing them for some time after their collection, they
must be carefully dried by tying them in loose bundles
and hanging th
factory unless the solution is perfectly free of all sediment
and continues clear and transparent. - If, after a time, it
deposits any crystals, or if any of the salt effloresces
around the neck of the bottle, or if a fibrous-looking
sediment (conferva) appears in the solution, or if the
solution changes colour materially, in each and all these
instances the preparation should be rejected and a fresh
quantity made. Since many aqueous solutions do not
keep for a
accomplished by varying the alcoholic strength to suit the
nature of the ingredients in each plant; using a very
dilute spirit where the ingredients are chiefly soluble in
water, and a strong spirit where alcohol is the best solvent.
Also, by using a sufficient quantity to ensure the complete
exhaustion of the plant.
2. The uniform strength of tincture is advisable for
many reasons, and especially in connection with the making
of attenuations. Hitherto, the m
attenuations, since it is essential that the first attenuation
of a mother tincture should be made with a spirit of
precisely the same strength as that in the tincture itself.
PROCESS OF MAKING TINCTURES OF VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES.
This process should be used in all cases of dry plants,
roots, seeds, &c., and in the case of such fresh plants, &c.,
as contain less than 60 per cent. of water.
Preparing the Percolator.- Take a York Gl
1I2 HOMIOPATHIC PIARMACOP(E IA.
Fig. 1.-Yo-Ric GLASS CoMrPANY's PEnco-taT*OR.*
* This percolator has been decided on becanse it is one of the best the
Committee are acquainted1 with. It is entirely made of glass, and is readily
cleaned. The chief advantage, h owever, consists in its ingenious valves, by
which the process of percolation can be stopped at aany time, and the sub
so as to reduce it to a fine and uniform pulp. Then weigh
100 grains of the pulp, and dry it carefully on a waterbath until it ceases to loose weight; re-weigh it, and
ascertain how much it has lost in drying. If the loss does
not exceed 60 per cent., proceed as follows:Packing the Material.-Insert the powder or the
moist magma, as the case may be, little by little, spreading
it evenly, and pressing it down gently with a broad cork
fixed to a long
14 HONIR TOPATHIC PHARMACOPhElIA.
valves open until the following quantities of fluid, which
will be chiefly juice, have passed through into the receiver.
For example, if the moist magma has lost between 30 and
40 per cent. in drying, let 1P fluid ounce drop through;
if between 40 and 50 per cent., 2 fluid ounces; if between
50 and GO per cent., 2- fluid ounces; then close the
valves. 3. In all cases, after the valves are closed, let
them remain so for twenty-four hours, and- then open
1. Previously to packing the moist magma in the percolator, prepared as before, put it into a press and extract
as much juice as possible, which juice should be at once
poured into the receiver of the percolator. 2. Remove
the mass from the press, and pass it again - through the
sausage-machine, and then carefully mix it with an equal
bulk of pounded green glass. 3. Pack this mixture of
magma and pounded glass in the percolator, and proceed
poamible. 7. Mix the products together, let"them stand
twenty-four hours, and filter.
N.B.-In plants containing 80 or more per cent. of
water, the quantity of spirit used will be too small to
dlivide, and hence it must be all poured on the squeezed
magmna at once-; and this should be allowed to maccrate
two (lays. On the other hand, in the drier plants of this class
the quantity of spirit required may be sufficiently large to
allow of percolation through t
TABLE No. 2.
Amount of Rectified Spirit required to make Alcohol of
40 O.P. with the water contained in 4 ounces of moist
Moisture lost in Rectifieds. Alcohol of 40 O.P. to
drying. spirit reuired, be added up to
Fl. oz. Fl. dr. Min. Fl. oz. Fl. dr.
30 per cent.......... 8 3 12......... 27 0
35,, 9 6 24..........24 4
40,,......11 1 36..........22 4.,
45,,......... 12 4 48......... 20"
No fresh plant containing more than 70 per cent. of
water can yield a 1 in 10 tincture with alcohol of 20 O.P.;
either a more dilute alcohol must be used, or a weaker
TABLE No. 4.
Amount of Rectified Spirit reqnired to make Proof Spirit
with the water contained in 4 ounces of moist magma.
Moisture lost in
80 per cent.
Rectified- spirit required.
Fl. dr. Min.
water contained in the 4 ounces of moist magma; hence
that amount of rectified spirit must be first poured into a
large glass, and as by reference to Table 1 it will be seen
that 15 fluid ounces and 6 fluid drachms of spirit are required to make a tincture representing 10 per cent. of the
dry material where the fresh plant contains 55 per cent.
of water, this amount must be made up by adding proof
spirit until the whole measures 15 fluid ounces and 6 fluid
in this way each decimal trituration will occupy forty
minutes, or each centesimal-being equal to two decimal
triturations-to the making of which Hahnemann allotted
one hour, will now occupy one hour and twenty minutes.
The object of this change is chiefly to ensure a more
thorough preparation, it being found by the microscope
that the addition of so large a proportion of sugar of
milk at one time (33 grains to 1 grain of medicine)
renders it more difficult to
the mixture with the pestle for six minutes as before, and
again scrape all the particles off the mortar and pestle,
and thus complete the first stage of the process. Now
add the remainder of the sugar of milk, stir it well in
with the triturated material, and proceed as before, viz.
rubbing for six minutes, scraping and mixing for four
minutes, again rubbing for six minutes, after which the
trituration may be viewed as complete, and having once
HOM EOPATHIC PHARMACOP(EIA.
become soluble both in water and alcohol; or, if not
actually soluble, they are reduced to such minute particles
that they are capable of permanent suspension through
the fluid, so that it retains their medicinal virtues and
answers all the purposes of a perfect solution.
Several attempts have been made to invent machines
for triturating the drugs, some of which are very ingenious, and to a certain extent effective. The best we
are acquainted with in this coun
ever, a great practical difficulty as regards these preparations, and that is they will not keep, and accordingly it is
still a desideratum that some method should be devised
whereby they can be preserved from decomposition. It
is probable that the addition of a certain proportion of
alcohol or glycerine will effect this, and the subject is
suggested as a very suitable one for experimentation. In
the mean time these preparations must be made fresh
tilled water being used for the 1st. decimal and centesimal
attenuations, dilute alcohol for the 3rd decimal, and
rectified spirit for the 2nd centesimal and upwards.
Systematic dilution of medicines according to a fixed
scale constitutes another of the peculiarities of homoeopathic pharmacy. When Hahnemann had convinced
himself of the curative power of infinitesimal doses, he
devised and carried out the plan of making a series of prep
Take a perfectly clean new bottle (say a half-ounce
phial), fit a good new cork into it, and then, having removed
the cork, pour in 20 minims of the mother tincture, then
add 180 minims of spirit of the same alcoholic strength as
that with which the mother tincture was prepared; cork
the bottle, and, grasping it in the right hand, with the
thumb held firmly over the cork, shake it well, letting
each shake terminate in a jerk by striking the closed
right hand a
HO0IvEOPATHIC PHARMACOPi A.I2.
II.-The first attenuation of mother tinctures (which
will always be.1v or A) must be made with spirit of
the same strength as that used in making the mother
tincture, hencea. When the mother tincture is made with proof spirit
attenuation Ix or A must be made also with proof spirit,
attenuation 1 with spirit 20 O.P., attenuation 3x or B and
all above that with rectified spirit.
b. When the mother tincture is made with dilute alcohol,
attenuation 11 or A must
the decimal scale, while others have adhered to Hahnemann's
plan and confined their use to centesimal preparations,
using Px, 2x, 3x, &c., to denote the decimal attenuations.
A few, again, have used A to indicate lx, and B to denote
3X, these two attenuations being almost the only ones in
use which could not be expressed by the centesimal
numbers. The best way of avoiding all this confusion is
for the Homoeopathic practitioners to adopt the centesimal scale onl
be), and not 10 per cent. of the pure drug. Since in the
present Pharmacopoeia the proportion of 1 in 10 has been
fixed, whenever possible, for the strength of the mother
tincture, it follows that the 1st decimal attenuation of a
mother tincture corresponds in medicinal strength to the
1st centesimal attenuation of a trituration or watery
solution. This uniformity of strength of the mother
tinctures thus gets rid of much of the uncertainty which has
Kreos. q0, Copaiva 0, Brom. 0, Kal. lod. q0, Mere. cor.,
&c., should always mean the pure substances themselves,
and their strongest officinal solutions should be denoted
Tereb. 1, Kreos. 1P, Brom. 1, Kali I 1P, Merc. cor. 1x,
In short, the sign q0, when meaning mother tincture, should
be strictly limited to the strongest solutions in alcohol of
substances which are not, or cannot be, prescribed in their
As regards marking the attenuations, t