54. For a seminal study of al-Sháfi'í's jurisprudence see Joseph Schacht, The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1950). See also Wael Hallaq, who offers a revisionist argument for al-Sháfi'í's role, "Was Sháfi'í the Master Architect of Islamic Jurisprudence?," International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 25 (1993), 587-605.


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