11. Hadd (pl. hudúd) is the sphere of Sharí'ah criminal law, and comprises i) sariqa (cutting off the hand for theft), ii) zinà (caning or execution for fornication and adultery), iii) qadhf (slander or false accusation for fornication and adultery punishable by caning), iv) haraba (highway robbery or rebellion, for which the punishment is amputation of the right hand and left foot, exile, imprisonment, or sometimes execution by crucifxion, v) shurb al-khamr (alcohol consumption, punishable by caning), and, sometimes vi) al-ridda (apostasy, which is punishable by death).

 [ return to text ]