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Title: Garden and forest. / Volume 7, Issue 319 [an electronic version]
Collection: Garden and Forest
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Garden ar received a very fine species with somewhat cordate leaves, which are glossy green, as if varnished. It comes from Japan. It is finer and more graceful in every respect than V. odoratissimum. There are quite a number of other shrubs and trees that thrive admirably in the sandy soil of Florida. Malvaviscus arboreus grows luxuriantly in almost any position. Camellia Japonica is one of the most beautiful shrubs in the gardens of Tallahassee and Pensacola, but in south Florida it needs much attention and coaxing to make it grow and bllossom. In Mrs. Herndon's garden, at Sanford, I saw, late in November, a shrub of the double white Camellia literally covered with exquisite waxy white flowers. The specimen grew in a half-shady place and was at all times carefully attended to. Doubtless the Camellia, as well as the Azalea (hybrid of Azalea Indica), will flourish luxuriantly in rich peaty soil in the gardens of south Florida and in the shady hummock-woods. The Tea-plant, Camellia Thea, should also be included among the ornamental shrubs. Its deep evergreen leaves, dense habit and fragrant white flowers entitle it to a place in every garden where choice evergreen shrubs are grown for their beauty and fragrance. It grows well in sandy soil. Schinus molle, the well-known California Pepper-tree, does not thrive in the sandy soil, but likes a heavy loam. The Camphor and Cinnamon trees, Laurus Camphora and L. cinnamomea, make beautiful objects and grow well in the poorest sandy soil. Eriobotrya Japonica also makes a handsome ornamental tree and should be in every garden, however small. Of deciduous trees and shrubs I shall only mention a few. Kcelreuteria paniculata grows well wherever it is planted. Paulownia imperialis makes a good growth if fertilized a little. LagerstrcemiaIndica and Melia Azederach, var. umbraculiformis, Grape Myrtle and China-tree are everywhere successfully grown. We find, as a rule, that the trees and shrubs of China and Japan, as well as those from southern Europe and Chili, grow well in Florida, while those of Australia and Mexico are rather precarious. Most of the Australian shrubs do not find the soil congenial, while many from the sub-tropical regions of Mexico and the Himalayas find the summer too warm and the winter too cold. Judging from my experiments, the trees and shrubs of New Zealand do not grow at all in Florida, while a large number'from southern Brazil and the Organ Mountains flourish admirably. There are quite a number of exceedingly beautiful California shrubs which should be tested in Florida. The Manzanita (Arctostaphylos glauca), the Madrofia (Arbutus Menziesii) and the California Laurel (Oreodaphne Californica) are especially worthy of an effort to introduce them as ornamental shrubs into the gardens of the south Atlantic and Gulf states, and especially of Florida. Milwaukee, Wis. H. Nehrizng. Foreign Correspondence. London Letter. A N unusually large number of new and interesting plants were among the exhibits which crowded the exhibition hall at the last meeting of the Royal Horticultural Society. There were also many fine specimens of popular Orchids, including a grand example, beautifully flowered, of Dendrobium nobile-nobilius, and another of D. splendidissimnum, var. grandiflorum. A single pseudobulb of D. Wardianum giganteum, about two feet long and carrying over fifty large richly tinted flowers, and a well-flowered specimen of the distinct and beautiful hybrid, D. A'spa sia (Wardianum X aureum), first flowered in I89o by its raisers, Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons, were among the most striking representatives of this genus, as exhibited by Mr. Statter, of Manchester. D. atroviolaceum was also shown in flower. A new hybrid, named D. Virginia, of Veitchian origin, which obtained a first-class certificate, is a cross between D. Bensoniae and D. Japonicum. Although id Forest. 133 but a small plant with a single pseudo-bulb eight inches high, upon it there were ten flowers, each nearly two inches across, in form intermediate between the two parents, and in color milk-white, with a blotch of dull purple and a tinge of emerald-green on the lip. Phalaenopsis Vesta, the hybrid raised by Messrs. Veitch from P. rosea, var., and P. Aphrodite, was shown and obtained an award of merit. It is better in color than rP. rosea, the flowers over an inch across, pale rosy-mauve, the front lobe of the lip trowelshaped, with a pair of short antennae at the apex and colored dull purple, the side lobes paler, with numerous red dots. Cymbidium eberneo-Lowianum, bearing two flowers, also came from the Veitchian establishment. An attraction of a special kind was a group of Dendrobium Phalaenopsis shown by Messrs. F. Sander & Co. The exquisite beauty and variety of form and color revealed in this grand Orchid are such as to have won for it already a place among the very best of garden Orchids. Grown in a hot moist house, it has proved quite easy to manage. Several well-flowered plants of Cypripedium Rothschildianum, a beautiful variety ofLycaste Skinneri, named Mrs. H. Ballantine, xwhich was awarded a certificate on account of its large size and pure white segments and rich rosy-purple of its labellum; Dendrobium'Imperatrix, with stout tall pseudo-bulbs and erect spikes of white flowers, suggestive of D. undulatum or D. stratiotes, Spathoglottis aurea, which is grown exceptionally well at St. Albans, and a magnificent example of Odontoglossum Edwardii-these were conspicuous in the St. Albans exhibit; but the most remarkable of all was a new hybrid Phajus, called Marthae, the result of crossing P. Blumei and P. tuberculosus, and which may be described as a P. Cooksoni, with sepals and petals colored pale buff-yellow. It is a decided acquisition. Baron Shroeder sent a spike of his Odontoglossum crispum apiatum, which is, perhaps, the most strikingly beautiful of all the many forms of this grand Orchid. The spike measured two feet in length, and it bore thirteen flowers, each of which was fully four inches across, the sepals and petals an inch wide, very crisp and wavy all round the edges, while the colors, white, with large blotches of rich chocolate-brown, and a tinge of yellow about the crest of the lip, were perfection. It is such flowers as this that justify the use of such terms as " queenly" for Orchids. The Society awarded it a gold medal. Vanda Cathcartii was represented by four spikes of its large, fleshy chocolatebrown zebra-marked flowers, all from the garden of the Earl of Cork, at Frome, where this rarely flowered Vanda is exceptionally well grown. Trichopilia sauvis, in a nineinch basket, bore no less than thirty-seven of its large fragrant white and rosy-mauve flowers. CELOGYNE MOSSIL, said to be a new introduction from Ceylon, was awarded a first-class certificate, and was accepted as a new species. It is in the way of C. ochracea, having short ovate pseudo-bulbs, lanceolate leaves six inches long, and a short curved raceme of six flowers each, nearly two inches across, well formed and pure white, with a blotch of yellow on the lip. It is a distinct and pretty little plant. MASDEVALLIA GARGANTUA, a rare species, with the foliage of M. elephanticeps, and a large fleshy flower of unattractive form and color, was shown in bloom, and while its maw-like yellow and crimson-purple flowers arrested attention, they were generally called ugly. In addition to its unpleasing appearance, it has also a strong repellant odor. Still, for a Masdevallia, it is a most remarkable plant, deserving to rank with Stapelias. Next to it stood a fine example of the elegant Cirrhopetalum picturatum, car rying four scapes, each supporting a whorl of about ten flowers. Both of these were exhibited by Sir Trevor Lawrence, who also sent a plant of Bulbophyllum Sillenianum, which was described by Reichenbach in I884 from a plant introduced from Burma, but is still very rare. It has roundish pseudo-bulbs an inch long, leaves five inches long by half an inch in width, and slender one-flowered scapes as long as the leaves, the flower being over an inch APRIL 4, I894.1
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