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Influenza Encyclopedia

ï~~The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine VOL. III. JUNE, 1918 No. 9 Editor-in-Chief: VICTOR C. VAUGHAN, M.D. Ann Arbor, Mich. ASSOCIATE EDITORS DENNIS E. JACKSON, M.D. - - ST. LOUIS HANS ZINSSER, M.D. - - - NEW YORK PAUL G. WOOLLEY, M.D. - - CINCINNATI FREDERICK P. GAY, M.D. - - BERKELEY, CAL. J. J. R. MACLEOD, M.B. - - - CLEVELAND ROY G. PEARCE, M.D. - - - CLEVELAND ROGER S. MORRIS, M.D. - - - CINCINNATI GERALD B. WEBB, M.D. - COLORADO SPRINGS E. E. SOUTHARD, M.D. - - - - BOSTON Contents of this Journal Copyright, 1918, by The C. V. Mosby Company-All Rights Reserved Entered at the Post Office at St. Louis, Mo., as Second-Class Matter EDITORIALS An Explosive Epidemic of Influenzal Disease at Fort Oglethorpe M AJOR SOPER makes a report upon the above-named epidemic of which the following is an abstract: A disease strongly resembling influenza became prevalent in the Oglethorpe camps about March 18, 1918. It soon assumed pandemic proportions. Within two weeks every organization in Camp Forrest and the Reserve Officers' Training Camp was affected. It seems to have visited only a part of Camp Greenleaf. The War Prison barracks were not invaded. After about three weeks the epidemic subsided rapidly. The number of cases sent to hospital or to quarters wa 1,468 in a total strength of 28,586. Owing to the fact that many cases were not severe, the total number of officers and men attended can not be given; an estimate based on replies to a circular letter of inquiry to the several organizations of the study of the records of the hospitals indicates that not less than 2,900 cases have occurred in Chickamauga Park. The attention of the Camp Surgeon's Office was called to the existence of this disease on March 18, at which time the writer saw a number of men appear at sick call in the 51st Infantry, suffering with the disease which the regimental surgeons were unable to diagnose. The symptoms were as follows: Headache, pain in the bones and muscles, especially the muscles of the back, marked pros

Abstract

This study of local epidemic conditions includes a consideration of the effect of the weather on the epidemic in Fort Oglethorpe. Temperatures and other weather conditions are reported for the period of March 1 through April 13. The authors conclude that “it can not be said with certainty that the conditions of temperature and humidity have had much to do with the epidemic, nor can it be denied that they played an important part in predisposing the troops to attack.” There is a reference to a “War Prison Camp” which “is entirely separate and escaped infection.”

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