The manual exercise as ordered by His Majesty in 1764. Together with plans and explanations of the method generally practis'd at reviews and field-days.
Great Britain. Adjutant-General's Office., Harvey, Edward., Wolfe, James, 1727-1759. Instructions for young officers., Massachusetts. Provincial Congress.
Page  15

The following is the Method generally practis'd by the Regiments at Reviews and Field-Days, in performing the Firings, Evolutions, &c. &c.

A Regiment to be drawn up as in Fig. 1st. Plate 1st. Viz.

IN three Ranks, at six Paces, or twelve Feet, Distance from one another·

The Files at four Inches Distance.

An Interval of one Pace or three Feet between each Company.

The Officers four Paces Distance from the Front of their respective Companies; the Captain on the Right, the Ensign in the Center, the Lieutenant on the Left.

The Serjeants in the Rear of their respective Companies, at four Paces Distance.

The Drummers equally divided on the Right and Left of the Battalion, dressing with the Front Rank

The Grenadier Company at Ten Paces Distance from the Right of the Battalion.

The Grenadier Drummers and Fifers on the Right of that Company.

The Pioneers in one Rank on the Right of the Grenadiers, and at ten Paces Distance.

The Colonel six Paces in the Front of the Colours.

The Lieutenant-Colonel on the Left of the Colonel, and two Paces before the Officers.

The Major on the Right of the Whole.

The Adjutant on the Left.

The Chaplain, Quarter-Master, Surgeon and Mate, on the Right between the Grenadiers and the Battalion, and in a Line with the Officers.

Each Company forms a Sub-Division.

Two Companies form a Grand-Division.

The six Files of Reserve to be taken from the several Companies as follows. Three Men from each of the Two Center Companies, and two Men from each of the other Companies.

If the Files are not equal in the several Companies, they must be level'd at the Regimental Parade.

The Reviewing General to be received with the Compliment due to his Rank, according to the King's Regulation of Honours.

Before the General Officer appears (if above the Rank of a Major-General) the Bayonets to be fixed.

Page  16

The General Officer being within twenty Yards of the Right of the Battalion, the Major gives the Word:
Words of Command.
Present your Arms!

And as soon as he has saluted, he posts himself in the Front and gives the Words of Command for the usual Facings.

After the General has taken his Post in the Front, the Major Orders,

Shoulder your Firelocks!
Unfix your Bayonets!
Shoulder your Firelocks!

The Regiment is then to march past the General by Grand Divisions, as in Plate 1st▪ Fig. 2d.

Rear Ranks close to the Front!

The Officers recover their Arms, and face to the Divisions to which they belong, according to the following Order of March.

The Serjeants advance their Halbards,

March!

The Rear Ranks step off together with their Left Feet; the Center marching five Paces and the Rear ten.

The Officers move to their Posts and halt, facing out|wards from the Center.

To the Front Face!The Officers face to the Front, and Order their Arms.
By Grand Divisions, to the Right, Wheel!The Divisions turn their Heads to the Left.
March!The Grenadiers and the four Grand Divisions wheel.

Page  17

Words of Command. Explanations.
Halt! The Divisions turn their Heads to the Right, the Officers Order their Arms.
March! The whole step off together.
  The Regiment marches in the following Order.
 

The Major.

The Pioneers in three Ranks, with a Non-commissioned Officer in Front.

The Grenadier Company, the Captain advanced two Paces before the Lieutenants.

Chaplain, Quartermaster, Surgeon & Mate, in one Rank.

Colonel advanced 4 Paces before the first Rank of Officers.

The Captains on the Right of the Colours, in one Rank in Front of the first Grand Division.

The Lieutenants on the Right of the Colours, in Front of the second Grand Division.

The Ensigns in Front of the third Grand Division.

The Lieutenants on the Left of the Colours, in Front of the fourth Grand Division. And

The Captains on the Left of the Colours in the Rear of it.

The Lieutenant Colonel in the Rear of the Captains.

The Adjutant in the Rear of the Whole.

The Drummers equally divided with the four Divisions, and to march in the Rear of each Division.

The Serjeants on the Right and Left of the several Ranks, with Halbards advanced.

The Ranks march in close Order till they have made the second Wheel; they are then to take their Distance at six Paces.

After they have march'd past the General, the Ranks are to close before they wheel, and to continue in close Order till the Battalion is formed.

On which the Major orders:

Page  18

Words of Command. Explanations.
Rear Ranks take your Distance! The Rear Ranks face to the Right-about; the Officers recover their Arms and face to their respective Companies
March!

The Rear Ranks step off together with their Left Feet; the Center Rank marching five, and the Rear Rank ten Paces, halting with their Heels closed.

The Officers take Post as at first and halt, facing out|wards from the Center.

To the Front Face!

The Rear Ranks come to the Right-about; the Officers face to the Front, and Order their Arms, and the Serjeants their Halbards.

N. B. The Regiments sometimes march past the reviewing Officer, in companies by Fours.—This is so generally known and practised, that particular Directions are here unnecessary. When the Battalion is again form'd, the Major is to direct the General Salute as follows:

Fix your Bayonets!
Shoulder your Firelocks!
Present your Arms!

As soon as the Men come the Rest, the Drummers beat a March.

The Major then raising his Sword, and dropping the Point, gives the Signal for all the Officers to Salute together, and the Ensigns to drop the Colours.

When the Major raises the Point of his Sword again, the Officers put their Hats on.

Shoulder your Firelocks!
Unfix your Bayonets!
Shoulder your Firelocks!

N. B. The Battalion is 〈◊〉 for Exercise as in Plate 1st. Fig. 3. in the following Manner:

Page  19

Words of Command. Explanations.
  Orderly Drummer beats a Ruffle and Caution.
Flam! Officers and Serjeants recover their Arms at 3 Motions.
Flam!

Officers face to the Right-about; Serjeants face to the Right and Left from the Center.

Drummers face outwards.

Flam and Troop!

Officers march through the Intervals on the Right of their respective Companies, nine Paces in the Rear.

The Colonel advances to the General.

The Serjeants march at the same Time with the Officers, those on the Flanks of the Battalion directly forward, fol|lowed by those in the Rear, till they have passed the Line where the General stands; they then face to the Right and Left inwards, and marching towards each other, divide the Length of the Front equally between them. The youngest Serjeant of Grenadiers having faced to the Right, marches to the Front, and dressing in a Line with the other Serjeants, keeps opposite the Center of his own Company; the other two Serjeants of Grenadiers post themselves one on the Right of the Front, and the other on the Right of the Rear Rank of their own Company.

The Drummers march straight out; when they have passed the Line where the Major stands, they face inwards and take Post behind him, keeping faced to the Center till the next Flam.

Flam! The Officers come to the Right-about; Serjeants and Drummers face, and front the Battalion.
Flam!

The Officers and Serjeants order their Arms at two Motions.

The Regiment is then to go through the Manual and Platoon Exercises, as before directed and explained: After which the Officers and Non-commissioned Officers re|turn to their Posts, by Signals from the orderly Drum, and the Battalion is then to prepare for the Firings in the following Manner:

Page  20

Words of Command. Explanations.
Grenadiers, cover the Flanks of the Battalion! The Grenadiers and Pioneers face to the Left.
March!

The Grenadiers and Pioneers march; the Pioneers fol|low the Rear Rank of Grenadiers till they come to the Rear of the Colours, when they stand fast.

The Left Platoon of Grenadiers marches to the Left of the Battalion; the Officers between the Rank of Officers and Front Rank; the Front Rank between the Front and Center Ranks of the Battalion; the Center Rank between the Center and Fear; and the Rear Rank between the Rear Rank and Serjeants.

The Right Platoon of Grenadiers marches to within eight Paces of the Right of the Battalion; as soon as they come to their Ground, the Officers commanding the Platoons order them to Halt!

And the Major gives the Word,

To the Front Face!

The Platoons of Grenadiers face to the Front.

The Pioneers to be four Paces in the Rear of the Reserve.

Prime and Load!  
Rear Ranks close to the Front! Officers and Serjeants advance their Arms, and the Officers face to the Right-about.
March!

The Rear Ranks close to the Front; the Officers at the same Time march into the Intervals, those commanding Companies coming to the Right-about, and dressing in the Front Rank, and the Supernumeraries going through the Intervals of their respective Companies to the Rear.

The Serjeants at the same Time fall into the Intervals, to compleat the Files of Officers.

The Grenadier Officers, with advanced Arms, go to the Right-about at the same Time with the Officers of the Battalion.

Page  [unnumbered]

[illustration]

Page  21

Words of Command.

N. B. The Battalion is drawn up for the Firings, and the Officers posted as in Plate 2d. Fig. 1.

The Officers which are in the Rear to be divided, and nearest the Companies they belong to.

When the Companies are subdivided, and the Battalion formed into 16 Platoons, the Subalterns in the Rear are to take the Command of a Platoon of their respective Com|panies. As Captains should have the Command of Grand Divisions, the Companies are therefore placed in this Man|ner, that the Officers may remain with their own Companies.

If any of the Captains are absent (who according to the annexed Plan are appointed to the Grand Divisions) the next oldest Officers are to command, and the Companies to be changed accordingly.

The Colonel is advanced before the Reserve.

The Lieutenant Colonel in the Front Rank of the Reserve.

The Reserve for the Colours to be six Files.

The Ensigns with the Colours in the Center Rank, two Serjeants in their Front, and two in their Rear.

As many Serjeants as necessary are to be in the Rear Ranks to compleat the Files of Officers.

The Drummers divided into four Divisions, and to take Post four Paces in the Rear of the Center of each Grand Division; the two which are Orderly, remain with the Commanding Officer.

When the Colonel is not present, the Lieutenant-Colonel takes Post in the Front of the Battalion, the eldest Captain in the Front Rank of the Reserve, and the next senior Captain in the Rear of the Reserve.

N. B. When the Ranks are closed, the Major is to inform the Commanding Officer, that the Battalion is ready to go through the Firings: and then he goes to his Post in the Rear of the Right-Hand Grand Division.

The Pioneers close at the same Time with the Rear Ranks, keeping the Distance of four Paces from the Rear.

The Adjutant takes his Post in the Rear of the Left.

Page  22

Words of Command. Explanations.
  FIRINGS by Subdivisions, Standing.
Caution. By the Commanding Officer.
Preparative.

The Officers commanding the 1st and 8th Subdivisions step forward one Pace.

The Officer of the first Subdivision gives the Word:

Subdivision!  
Make ready!  
Present!  
Fire!  
  When the Officer commanding the 8th Subdivision sees the first Subdivision make ready, he immediately gives the Word:
Subdivision!

When the first Subdivision Presents, the 8th makes ready; when the first Fires, the eighth Presents, and Fires; and so on by every Officer commanding Subdivisions, till the Battalion has fired two Rounds, always preserving proper Intervals of Time between each Word of Command, so as not to hurry the Men; and to be two Words of Command later than the Officer who immediately fires before him.

N. B. The Grenadiers make the 9th and 10th Fire.

On the Left Platoon of Grenadiers firing the second Round, the first Part of the English General beats, and the Firing ceases.

N. B. The first Part of the General is the Signal for all Firings to cease.

Caution. By Grand Divisions, Standing.
Preparative. The Officers commanding the 1st and 4th Grand Di|visions step forward one Pace; the Officer of the 1st gives the Word:
Grand Division Make ready!  
Present!  
Fire!  

Page  23

Words of Command. Explanations.
Grand Divi|vision, &c.

On the Fire of the 1st, the Officer of the 4th gives the Word:

So on by every Officer, till the two Rounds are fired.

N. B. The Officers commanding the two Platoons of Grenadiers, are to give the Caution, Platoon! when the 4th Grand Division makes ready, the second Fire.

And when the 4th Grand Division fires, the two Platoons of Grenadiers receive the Word of Command from their own Officers.

Make ready!  
  The Commanding Officer then gives the Words:
Grenadiers!  
Present!  
Fire!  
  FIRINGS to the Rear by Subdivisions.
Caution.  
Battalion! The Battalion Faces.
to the Right
about, Face!
 

Supernumerary Officers, Serjeants, and Pioneers, go through the Intervals nearest them; the Drummers round the Flanks of the Grand Divisions.

They post themselves in the Rear of what was the Front Rank, and the Officers commanding Divisions, change Places with the Serjeants which covered their Files.

The 8th Subdivision is the 1st to fire; the 1st now becomes the 8th, and so on.

The Battalion fires two Rounds as before.

Page  24

Words of Command. Explanations.
  By Grand Divisions.
  The Battalion fires two Rounds as before ordered, be|ginning with the 4th Grand Division, which is now the 1st, to fire.
Battalion! The Battalion faces, Supernumerary Officers, &c. take their former Posts.
to the Right
about Face!
  By Subdivisions, advancing.
Caution.  
Battalion!  
March! The Battalion dresses by the Center.
Halt! The Battalion dresses by the Right.
Preparative. The Battalion fires from the Center to the Flanks, begin|ning with the Subdivision on the Right of the Colours.
  By Grand Divisions, advancing.
Caution.  
Battalion!  
March!  
Halt!  
Preparative. The Battalion fires, beginning with the Grand Division on the Right of the Colours.

Page  25

Words of Command. Explanations.
Caution. By Subdivisions, retreating.
Battalion!  
To the Right-about, Face!  
March! The Battalion retreats dressing by the Center.
Halt! The Battalion dresses by the Right.
To the Front, Face! The Battalion faces to the Right-about.
Preparative. The Battalion fires, as in Explanation of firing by Sub|divisions, advancing.
Caution. By Grand Divisions, retreating.
Battalion!  
To the Right-about, Face!  
March!  
Halt!  
To the Front, Face!  
Preparative.

The Battalion fires, as in Explanation of firing by Grand Divisions, advancing.

N. B. Besides the foregoing, the Battalion is sometimes ordered to fire two Rounds; beginning with the four Right-Hand Subdivisions at once; and then the four Left-Hands ones: Also two Rounds by Wings, or Half Battalions, beginning with the Right.