The manual exercise as ordered by His Majesty in 1764. Together with plans and explanations of the method generally practis'd at reviews and field-days.
Great Britain. Adjutant-General's Office., Harvey, Edward., Wolfe, James, 1727-1759. Instructions for young officers., Massachusetts. Provincial Congress.
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## THE Manual Exercise AS ORDERED By His MAJESTY in 1764.

 Words of Command. Num. of Motions. Explanations. 1 Poise your Firelocks! 2 1st. SEIZE the Firelock with your Right-Hand and turn the Lock outwards, keeping the Firelock perpendicular. 2d. Bring up the Firelock with a quick Motion from the Shoulder, and seize it with the Left-Hand just above the Lock, so that the little Finger may rest upon the Spring, and the Thumb lie upon the Stock: The Firelock must not be held too far from the Body, and the Left-Hand must be of an equal Height with the Eyes. 2 Cock your Firelocks! 2 1st. Turn the Barrel opposite to your Face, and place your Thumb upon the Cock, raising the Elbow square at this Motion. 2d. Cock your Firelock, by drawing your Elbow down, placing your Thumb upon the Breech-Pin, and the Fingers under the Guard. 3 Present! 1 Step back about six Inches to the Rear with the Right Foot, bringing the Left Toe to the Front; at the same Time the Butt-End of the Firelock must be brought to an equal Height with your Shoulder, placing the Left-Hand on the Swell, and the Fore-Finger of the Right-Hand before the Tricker, sinking the Muzzle a little.

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 Words of Command. No. of Motions. Explanations. 34 Advance your Arms! 4 1st and 2d, as in Explanation One. 3d. Bring the Firelock down the Right Side, with the Right-Hand, as low as it will admit without Con|straint, slipping up the Left-Hand at the same Time to the Swell, the Guard between the Thumb and Fore-Finger of the Right-Hand, the three last Fingers under the Cock, with the Barrel to the Rear. 4th. Quit the Left-Hand. 35 Shoulder your Firelocks! 4 1st. Bring up the Left-Hand and seize it at the Swell. 2d. Come smartly up to a Poise. 3d and 4th. Shoulder.

Position of a Soldier under Arms.

TO stand straight and firm upon his Legs; Head turned to the Right; Heels close; Toes a little turned out; Belly drawn in a little, but without Constraint; the Breast a little projected; Shoulders square to the Front, and kept back; the Right-Hand hanging strait down the Side, with the Palm close to the Thigh; the Left Elbow not to be turned out from the Body; the Firelock to be carried on the Left Shoulder, as low down as can be admitted without Constraint; the three last Fingers under the Butt; the Fore-Finger and Thumb before the Swell; the Flat of the Butt to be supported against the Hip-Bone, and to be pressed so that the Firelock may be felt against the Left Side, and that it may stand before the Hollow of the Shoulder, not leaning towards the Head nor from it; the Barrel almost perpendicular.—To be very exact in counting a Second of Time, or One, Two, between each Motion.

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 No. of Motions. Prime & Load! 15 1st. COME smartly to the Recover, by springing the Firelock strait up with the Left Hand, turning the Barrel inwards, to the proper Height of the Recover; at the same Time that the Left-Hand springs the Firelock, the Right Hand is raised briskly from the Right Side, and seizes the Firelock a-cross the Breast, as it rises below the Cock, the Left Hand comes with a quick Motion from the Butt, and seizes the Firelock strong above the Lock, the little Finger of the Left Hand at the Spring of the Lock, the Left Hand at an equal Height with the Eyes, the Butt close to the Left Breast▪ but not pressed, the Firelock perpendicular opposite the Left Side of the Face. 2d. Bring the Firelock down with a brisk Motion to the Priming Position, the Left Hand holding the Firelock, as in priming, the Thumb of the Right Hand placed against the Face of the Steel, the Fingers clenched, and the Elbow a little turned out, that the Wrist may be clear of the Cock. 3d. Open the Pan, by throwing up the Steel with a strong Motion of the Right Arm, turning the Elbow in, and keeping the Firelock steady in the Left Hand. 4th. Handle the Cartridge! 5th. Prime! 6th. Shut Pans! 7th. Cast about! 8th and 9th. Load! 10th and 11th. Draw Rammers! 12th. Ram down the Cartridge! 13th. Return the Rammers! 14th and 15th. Shoulder! N. B. The Motions of Recover and coming down to the Priming Position, and opening Pans, to be done in the usual Time. The Motions of handling Cartridge, to shutting the Pans, to be done as quick as possible; when the Pans are shut, a small Pause is to be made, and cast about together; then the Loading Motions are to be done as quick as possible; but before the Ram|mer is return'd, another small Pause is to be made, counting One, Two, between each Motion, till the Firelock is Shouldered.

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Explanations of the Position of each Rank in the Firings.
 Words of Command No. of Motions. Front Rank. Make ready! 1 SPRING the Firelock briskly to the Recover, keeping the Left Foot fast in this Motion; as soon as the Firelock is at the Recover, without any Stop sink the Body briskly without stooping forward, with a quick Motion down upon the Right Knee, the Butt-End of the Firelock at the same Time falls upon the Ground; the front Part of the Butt to be in a Line with the Heel of the Left Foot; as soon as the Butt comes to the Ground, the Fire|lock is to be cock'd, immediately seizing the Cock and Steel in the Right-Hand, the Firelock to be held firm in the Left Hand, about the Middle of that Part of the Firelock be|tween the Lock and the Swell of the Stock; the Point of the Left Thumb to be close to the Swell pointing upwards. As the Body is sinking, the Right Knee is to be thrown so far back as the Left Leg may be right up and down, the Right Foot to be thrown a little to the Right, the Body to be kept straight, the Head up, looking to the Right along the Rank, the same as if Shouldered; the Firelock to be upright, and Butt about four Inches to the Right of the Inside of the Left Foot. Present! 1 Bring the Firelock briskly down to the Present, by extend|ing the Left Arm to the full Length, with a strong Motion; at the same Time spring up the Butt by the Cock with the Right Hand, and raise up the Butt so high upon the Right Shoulder, that you may not be obliged to stoop too much with the Head, the Right Cheek to be close to the Butt, and the left Eye shut▪ and look along the Barrel, with the Right Eye from the Breech Pin to the Muzzle; keep the Left Elbow down in an easy Position, and stand as steady as possible, the Thumb of the Right Hand to remain in the Position as described in the third Explanation of the Manual.

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 Words of Command. No. of Motions. Explanations. Fire! 1 Pull the Tricker as directed in the Manual, and as soon as the Piece is fired, give yourself a strong Spring upon your Left Leg, raising your Body briskly and straight up, keeping your Left Foot fast, and bringing the Right Heel close to the Left; at the same Time the Firelock is to be brought up to the priming Position, and half cocked im|mediately; a short Pause is to be made, then handle Car|tridges and go on with the Loading Motions described in the Explanation of Prime and Load. Center Rank. Make ready! 1 SPRING the Firelock briskly to the Recover; as soon as the Left Hand seizes the Firelock above the Lock, the Right Elbow is to be nimbly raised a little placing the Thumb of that Hand upon the Cock, the Fingers open by the Plate of the Lock, and as quick as possible force the Piece to the Cock, by dropping the El|bow, and forcing down the Cock with the Thumb, stepping at the same Time a moderate Pace, or two Feet, to the Right, keeping the Left Foot fast; as the Firelcok is cocked, the Thumb is to fall below the Cock, the Right Hand seizing the Firelock close under the Cock firmly; the fore-Finger not to be before the Tricker: The Piece to be held in this Position perpendicular, opposite the Left Side of the Face, the Butt close to the Left Breast, but not pressed; the Body to be straight, and as full to the Front as possible; the Head kept up, looking to the Right of the Rank▪ that the Body and Firelock may not stoop forward, nor lean much out of the Rank.

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 Words of Command. No. of Motions. Explanations. Present! 1 Spring the Firelock from the Body to Arms-length with a quick Motion, pressing down the Muzzle with the Left-Hand and spring up the Butt with the Right Hand, as in the foregoing Explanation of the Front Rank. Fire! 1 As in Explanation Four in the Manual, with this Difference, that the Left Foot is to be brought up to the Right at the same Time that the Firelock is brought down to the priming Position. The Loading Motions as in the Explanations of Priming and Loading, and at the last Motion of Shouldering, to spring to the Left again and cover the File Leaders. Rear Rank. Make ready! 1 RECOVER the Firelock and Cock as before directed for the Center Rank. As the Firelock is recovered and cocked, step briskly straight to the Right with the Right Foot a full Pace, bring the Left Heel about six Inches before the Right Foot, the Body straight, and as square to the Front as possible. Present! 1 As in Explanation of the Center Rank. Fire! 1 As in Explanation of the Center Rank, and as the Firelock is coming down to the priming Position, the Left Foot is to be brought back to the Right, and at the last Motion of Shouldering, to spring to the Left again, and cover the File Leaders.

By Order of His Majesty, EDW. HARVEY, Adj. Gen.

August, 1764.