No. II. King James the I.'s second Charter to the Treasurer and Company for Virginia, erecting them into a Corporation and Body politick, and for the further Enlargement and Explanation of the Privileges of the said Company and first Colony of Virginia. Dated May 23, 1609.
I. IAMES, by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith &c. To all, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. WHEREA•, at the humble Suit and Request of sundry our loving and well disposed Subject•, intending to deduce a Colony, and to make Habitation and Plantation of sundry our People, in that Part of America, com|monly called VIRGINIA, and other Parts and Territories in Ame|rica, either appertaining unto Us, or which are not actually pos|sessed of any Christian Prince or People, within certain Bound• and Regions, We have formerly by our Letters-patents, bearing Date the tenth Day of April, in the fourth Year of our Reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the nine and th•rtieth, GRANTED to Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, and others, for the more speedy Accomplishment of the said Planta|tion and Habitation, that they should divide themselves into two Colonies (the one consisting of divers Knights, Gentlemen, Merchant•, and others, of our City of London, called the FIRST Page 9 COLONY; And the other consisting of divers Knights, Gen|tlemen, and others, of our Cities of Bristol, Exeter, and Town of Plimouth, and other Places, called the SECOND COLONY) And have yielded and gra•t•d many and sundry Privileges and Liberties to each Colony, for their quiet Settling and good-Go|vernment therein, as by the said Letters-patents more at large appeareth:
II. Now, forasmuch as divers and sundry of our loving Sub|jects, as well Adventurers, as Planters, of the said first Colony▪ which have already engaged themselves in furthering the Bus•|ness of the said Colony and Plantation, and do further intend• by the Assistance of Almighty God, to prosecute the same to a happy End, have of late been humble Suitors unto us, that (in Respect of their great Charges and the Adventure of many of their Lives, which they have hazarded in the said Discovery and Plantation of the said Country) We would be pleased to grant them a further Enlargement and Explanation of the said Grant, Privileges, and Liberties, and that such Counsellors, and other Officers, may be appointed amongst them, to manage and direct their Affairs, as are willing and ready to adventure with them, as also whose Dwellings are not so far remote from the City of London, but that they may, at convenient Times, be ready at hand, to give their Advice and Assistance, upon all Occasions requisite.
III. WE, greatly affecting the effectual Prosecution and happy Success of the said Plantation, and commending their good De|sires therein, for their further Encouragement in accomplishing so excellent a Work, much pleasing to God, and profitable to our Kingdom, Do, of our special Grace, and certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, GIVE, GRANT, and CONFIRM, to our trusty and well beloved Subjects, Robert, Earl of Salisbury, Thomas, Earl of Suffolk, Henry, Earl of Southampton, William, Earl of Pe•broke, Henry, Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Dorset, Thomas, Earl of Exeter, Philip, Earl of Montgomery, Robert, Lord Viscount Lisle, Theophilus, Lord Howard of Walden, Iames Montague, Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells, Edwar•, Lord Zouche, Thomas, Lord Lawarr, William, Lord Mounteagle, Ralph, Lord Ewre, Edmond, Lord Sheffield, Grey, Lord Chandois, Lord Compton, Iohn, Lord Petre, Iohn, Lord Stanhope, George, Lord Carew, Sir Humphrey Weld, Lord Mayor of London, George Percie, Esq Sir Edward Cecil, Knt▪ Sir George Wharton, Knt. Francis West, Esq Sir William Wade, Knt. Sir Henry Nevil, Knt. Sir Thomas Smith, Knt. Sir Oliver Cromwell, Knt. Sir Peter Manwood, Knt. Sir Drue Drury, Knt. Sir Iohn Scot, Knt. Sir Thoma• Challoner, Knt. Sir Robert Drury, Knt. Sir Anthony C•pe, Knt. Sir Horatio Vere, Knt. Sir Edward Conway, Knt. Sir William Brown, Knt. Sir Maurice Berkeley, Knt. Sir Robert Mansel, Knt. Sir Amias Preston, Knt. Sir Tho|mas Gates, Knt. Sir Anthony Ashly, Knt. Sir Michael Sandys, Knt. Sir Henry Carey, Knt. Sir Stephen Soame, Knt. Sir Calis|thenes Brooke, Knt. Sir Edward Michelborn, Knt. Sir Iohn Rat|cliffe, Knt. Sir Charles Wilmot, Knt. Sir George Moor, Knt. Page 10 Sir Hugh Wirral, Knt. Sir Thomas Dennis, Knt. Sir Iohn Holles, Knt. Sir William Godolphin, Knt. Sir Thomas Mons•n, Knt. Sir Thomas Ridgwine, Knt. Sir Iohn Brooke, Knt. Sir •obert Killi|grew, Knt. Sir Henry Peyton, Knt. Sir •ichard Williamson, Knt. Sir Ferdinando Weynman, Knt. Sir William t. Iohn, Knt. Sir Thomas Holcroft, Knt. Sir Iohn Mallory, Knt. Sir Roger Ashton, Knt. Sir Walter Cope, Knt. Sir Richard Wigmore, Knight, Sir William Coke, Knight, •ir Herbert Crofte, Knt. Sir Henry Fanshaw, Knt. Sir •ohn Smith, Knt. Sir Francis Wolley, Knt. Sir Edward Waterhouse, Knt. Sir Henry Sockford, Knt. * Sir Edwin Sandys, Knt. •ir Thomas Waynam, Knt. Sir Iohn Trevor, Knt. Sir Warwick Heele, Knt. •ir Robert Wroth, Knt. Sir •ohn Town|send, Knt. Sir Christopher Perkins, Knt. Sir Daniel Dun, Knt. Sir Henry Hobart, Knt. Sir Francis Bacon, Knt. Sir Henry Montag•e, Knt. Sir George Coppin, Knt. Sir Samuel Sandys, Knt. Sir Thomas Roe, Knt. Sir George Som•rs, Knt. Sir Thomas Freak•, Knt. Sir Thomas Harwell, Knt. Sir Charles Kelke, Knt. Sir Baptist Hicks, Knt. Sir •ohn Watts, Knt. Sir Robert Carey, Knt. Sir William Ro•ney, Knt. Sir Thomas Middleton, Knt. Sir Hatton Cheeks, Knt. Sir •ohn Ogle, Knt. Sir Cavallero Meycot, Knt. Sir Stephen Rid|dlesdon, Knt. Sir Thomas Bludiler, Knt. Sir Anthony Aucher, Knt. Sir Robert Iohnson, Knt. Sir Thomas Panton, Knt. Sir Charles Morgan, Knt. Sir Stephen Pole, Knt. Sir Iohn Burlacie, Knt. Sir Christopher Cleave, Knt. Sir George Hayward, Knt. Sir Thomas Davis, Knt. Sir Thomas Sutton, Knt. Sir Anthony Forest, Knt. Sir Robert Payne, Knt. Sir Iohn Digby, Knt. Sir Dudley Digges, Knt. Sir •owland Cotton, Knt. Dr. Matthew •utcliffe, Dr. Meadows, Dr. Turner, Dr. Poe, Capt. Pagnam, Capt. Ieffrey Holcrofte, Captain Romney, Captain Henry Spry, Captain Shelton, Captain Sparks, Captain Thomas Wyat, Captain Brinsly, Captain William Courtney, Captain Herbert, Captain Clarke, Captain Dew•urst, Captain Iohn Blundell, Captain Fryer, Captain Lewis Orwell, Captain Edward Loyd, Captain Slingesby, Captain Hawley, Cap|tain Orme, Captain Woodhouse, Captain Mason, Captain Thomas Holcroft, Captain Iohn Coke, Captain Holles, Captain William Proude, Captain Henry Woodhouse, Captain Richard Lind•sey, Cap|tain Dexter, Captain William Winter, Captain Pearse, Captain Iohn Bingham, Captain Burray, Captain Thomas Conway, Cap|tain Rookwood, Captain William Lovelace, Captain Iohn Ashley, Captain Thomas Wynne, Captain Thomas Mewtis, Captain Edward Harwood, Captain Michael Everard, Captain Comock, Captain Mills, Captain Pigot, Captain Edward-Maria Wingfield, Captain Page 11Christopher Newport, Captain Iohn Sicklemore, alias Ratcliffe, Captain Iohn Smith, Captain Iohn Martin, Captain Peter Wynne, Captain Waldoe, Captain Thomas Wood, Captain Thomas Button, George Bolls, Esq Sheriff of London, William Crashaw, Clerk, Batchelor of Divinity, William Seabright, Esq Christopher Brooke, Esq Iohn Bingley, Esq Thomas Watson, Esq Richard Percival, Esq Iohn Moore, Esq Hugh Brooker, Esq David Woodhouse, Esq Anthony Aucher, Esq Robert Bowyer, Esq Ralph Ewens, Esq Zachary Iones, Esq George Calvert, Esq William Dobson, Esq Henry Reynolds, Esq Thomas Walker, Esq Anthony Barnars, Esq Thomas Sandys, Esq Henry Sandys, Esq Richard Sandys, Esq Son of Sir Edwin Sandys, William Oxenbridge, Esq Iohn Moore, Esq Thomas Wilson, Esq Iohn B•dlock, Esq Iohn Waller, Esq Thomas Webb, Iehu Robinson, William Brewster, Robert E|velyn, Henry Da•by, Richard Hackluit, Minister, Iohn Eldred, Merchant, William Russel, Merchant, Iohn Merrick, Merchant, Richard Banister, Merchant, Charles Anthony, Goldsmith, Iohn Banks, William Evans, Richard Humble, Richard Chamberlayne, Merchant, Thomas Barber, Merchant, Richard Pom•t, Merchant, Iohn Fletcher, Merchant, Thomas Nicholls, Merchant, Iohn Stoke, Merchant, Gabriel Archer, Francis Covel, William Bonham, Ed|ward Harrison, Iohn W•lstenholme, Nicholas Salter, Hugh Evans, William Barnes, Otho Mawdet, Richard Staper, Merchant, Iohn •lkin, Merchant, William Coyse, Thomas Perkin, Cooper, Hum|••ry Iames, Cooper, Henry Iackson, Robert Singleton, Christopher Nicholls, Iohn Harper, Abraham Chamberlayne, Thomas Shipton, Thomas Carpenter, Anthony Crew, George Holman, Robert Hill, Cleophas •mith, Ralph Harrison, Iohn Farmer, Iames Bre•rley, William Cros•y, Richard Cox, Iohn Gearing, Richard Strongarm, Iro•mongers, Thomas Langton, Griffith Hinton, Richard Ironside, Richard Dean, Richard Tur•er, William Lawson, Mercer, Iames Chatfield, Edward Allen Tedder, Robert Hildebrand Sprinson, Ar|thur Mouse, Iohn Gardiner, Iames •ussel, •ichard Caswell, Rich|ard Evans, Iohn Hawkins, •ichard Kerri•, Richard Brooke, Mat|thew •crivener, Gentleman, William •tallenge, Gentleman, Ar|thur Venn, Gentleman, Sandys Webbe, Gentleman, Michael Phet|tiplace, Gentleman, William Phettiplace, Gentleman, Ambrose Prusey, Gentleman, Iohn Taverner, Gentleman, George Pretty, Gentleman, Peter Latham, Gentleman, Thomas Montford, Gen|tleman, William Cantrel, Gentleman, Richard Wiffin, Gentleman, Ralph Moreton, Gentleman, Iohn Cornelius, Martin Freeman, Ralph Freeman, Andrew Moore, Thomas White, Edward Perkin, Robert Offley, Thomas Whitley, George Pit, Robert Parkhurst, Tho|mas Morris, Peter Harles, Ieffry Duppa, Iohn Gilbert, William Hancock, Matthew Brown, Francis Tyrrel, Randal Carter, Otho|well Smith, Thomas Hamond, Martin Bond, Haberdasher, Iohn Moulsoe, •obert Iohnson, William Young, Iohn Woodal, William Felgate, Humfrey •estwood, •cihard Champion, Henry Robinson, Francis Mapes, •illiam Sambach, Ralegh Crashaw, Daniel Tucker, Thomas Grave, Hugh Willeston, Thomas Culpepper, of Wigsel, Esq Iohn Culpepper, Gentleman, Henry Lee, Iosias Kirton, Gentl•man, Iohn Pory, Gentleman, Henry Collins, George Burton, William Page 12 Atkinson, Thomas Forest, Iohn Pussel, Iohn Holt, Harman H••|rison, Gabriel Beedel, Iohn Beedel, Henry Dawkes, George Scot, Edward Fleetwood, Gentleman, •ichard Rogers, Gentleman, Ar|th•• Robinson, •obert •obinson, Iohn Huntley, Iohn Gray, Wil|liam Payne, William Field, William Wattey, William Webster, Iohn Dingley, Thomas Draper, Richard Glanvil, Arnold Hulls, Henry Poe, William More, Nicholas Gryce, Iames Menger, Ni|cholas Andrews, Ieremy Haydon, Ironmonger, Philip Durette, Iohn Quarles, Iohn West, Matthew •pringham, Iohn Iohnson, Christopher Hore, Thomas Snead, George Berkeley, Arthur Pet, Thomas Careles, William Berkeley, Thomas Iohnson, Alexander B•nts, Captain William King, George Sandys, Gentleman, I•mes White, Gentleman, Edmond Wynne, Charles Towler, Richard Rey|nold, Edward Webb, •ichard Maplesden, Thomas Lever, David Bourne, Thomas Wood, Ralph •amer, Edward Barnes, Mercer, Iohn Wright, Mercer, Robert Middleton, Edward Littlefield, Ka|•h•rine West, Thomas Web, Ralph King, •obert Coppin, Iames As|•ew, Christopher Holt, William Bardwell, Alexander Chiles, Lewis 〈◊〉, Edward Ditchfield, Iames Swifte, Richard Widdowes, Gold|smith, Edmond Brudenell, Edward Burwell, Iohn Hansford, Edward Wooller, William Palmer, Haberdasher, Iohn Badger, Iohn Ho•g|son, Peter Mounsel, Iohn arril, Iohn B•shridge, William Dun, Tho|•as Iohnson, Nicholas Benson, Thomas Shipton, Nathaniel Wade, Randal Wetwood, Matthew Dequester, •harles Hawkins, Hugh Hame•sley, Abraham Cartwright, George Bennet, William Cate•, Richard Goddart, Henry Cromwell, Phineas P•t, Robert Cooper, 〈◊〉 Cooper, Henry Newce, Edward Wilkes, Robert Bateman, Ni|cholas Farrar, Iohn Newhouse, Iohn Cason, Thomas Harris, G••|tleman, George Etheridge, Gentleman, Thomas Mayle, Gentleman, Richard •tafford, Thomas 〈◊〉, Richard Cooper, Iohn W•s|tr•w, Edward Welch, Thomas Britain, Thomas Knowles, O••a|vian Thorne, Edmond Smith, Iohn March, Edward Carew, Tho|mas •leydall, Richard Let, Miles Palmer, Henry •rice, Iohn Io|shua, Gentleman, W•••iam Clauday, Ieremy •earsye, Iohn Bre•, Gentleman, William •ampson, Christopher Pickford, Thomas 〈◊〉, Thomas Truston, Christopher Salmon, Iohn Howard, Clerk, Rich|ard Partridge, Allen Cassen, Felix Wilson, Thomas Bathurst, George Wilmer, Andrew Wilmer, Maurice Lewellin, Thomas Godwin, Peter Burgoyne, Thomas Burgoyne, Robert Burgoyne, Robert Smith, Merchant-taylor, Edward Cage, Grocer, Thomas Cannon, Gen|tleman, William Welby, Stationer, Clement Wilmer, Gentl•man, Iohn Clapham, Gentleman, Giles Francis, Gentleman, George Walker, Sadler, Iohn Swinhow, Stationer, Edward Bishop, Sta|tioner, Leonard White, Gentleman, Christopher Baron, •eter Ben|son, Richard Smith, George •roctor, Minister, Millicent Ramsden, Widow, Ioseph Soane, Thomas •inshaw, Iohn Baker, Robert Thornton, Iohn Davis▪ Edward Facet, George Newce, Gentleman, Iohn Robinson, Captain Thomas Wood, William Brown, Shoema|ker, Robert Barker, Shoemaker, Robert •ennington, Francis Bur|ley, Minister, William Quick, Grocer, Edward L•wis, Grocer, Laurence Campe, Draper, Aden Perkins, Grocer, Richard Shepherd, Preacher, William Sh•rley, Haberdasher, Willi•• Taylor, Haber|dasher, Page 13Edwin Lukin, Gentleman, Iohn Franklyn, Haberdasher, Iohn Southwick, Peter Peate, George Iohan, Ironmonger, George Yeardley, Gentleman, Henry Shelley, •ohn Prat, Thomas Church, Draper, William Powel, Gentleman, Richard Frith, Gentleman, Thomas Wheeler, Draper, Francis Haselrig, Gentleman, Hugh Shipley, Gentleman, Iohn Andrews the Elder, Doctor of Cam|bridge, Francis Whistler, Gentleman, Iohn Vassal, Gentleman, Richard Howle, Edward Berkeley, Gentleman, Richard Keneridg|burg, Gentleman, Nicholas Exton, Draper, William Bennet, Fish|monger, Iames Haywood, Merchant, Nicholas Isaac, Merchant, William Gibbs, Merchant, Bishop, Bernard Mitchel, Isaac Mitchel, Iohn Streate, Edward Gall, Iohn Martin, Gentleman, Thomas Fox, Luke Lodge, Iohn Woodliffe, Gentleman, Richard Webb, Vincent Low, Samuel Burnham, Edmund Pears, Haber|dasher, Iohn Googe, Iohn St. Iohn, Edward Vaughan, William Dunn, Thomas Alcocke, Iohn Andrews the Younger, of Cam|bridge, Samuel Smith, Thomas Gerrard, Thomas Whittingham, William Canning, Paul Canning, George Chandler, Henry Vincent, Thomas Ketley, Iames Skelton, Iames Mountaine, George Webb, Gentleman, Ioseph Newbridge, Smith, Iosiah Mand, Cap|tain Ralph Hamer, the Younger, Edward Brewster, the Son of William Brewster, Leonard Harwood, Mercer, Philip Druerdent, William Carpenter, Tristian Hill, Robert Cock, Grocer, Laurenc• Green, Grocer, Samuel Winch, Grocer, Humphrey Stile, Grocer, Averie Dransfield, Grocer, Edward Hodges, Grocer, Edward Beale, Grocer, Thomas Culler, Grocer, Ralph Busby, Grocer, Iohn Whittingham, Grocer, Iohn Hide, Grocer▪ Matthew Shepherd, Grocer, Thomas Allen, Grocer, Richard Hooker, Gro|cer, Lawrence Munks, Grocer, Iohn T•nner, Grocer, Peter Gate, Grocer, Iohn Blunt, Grocer, Robert Phips, Grocer, Ro|bert Berrisford, Grocer, Thomas Wells, Grocer, Iohn Ellis, Grocer, Henry Colthurst, Grocer, Iohn Cavady, Grocer, Thomas Iennings, Grocer, Edmond Pashall, Grocer, Timothy Bathurst, Grocer, Giles Parslow, Grocer, Robert Mi••ay, Grocer, Richard Iohnson, Grocer, William Ioh•son, Vintner, Ezekiel Smith, Richard Martin, William Sharpe, Robert Rich, William Stan|nard, Innholder, Iohn Stocken, William Strachey, Gentleman, George Farmer, Gentleman▪ Thomas Gypes, Clothworker, Abra|ham Davies, Gentleman, Thomas Brocket, Gentleman, George Bache, Fishmonger, Iohn Dike, Fishmonger, Henry Spranger, Richard Farrington, Christopher Vertue, Vintner, Thomas Bayley, Vintner, George Rob••s, Vintner, Tobias Hinson, Grocer, Vrian Spencer, Clement Chicheley, Iohn Scarpe, Gentleman, Iames Campbell, Ironmonger, Christopher Clitheroe, Ironmonger, Philip Iacobson, Peter Iacobson, of Antwerp, William Berkeley, Miles Banks, Cutler, Peter Higgons, Grocer, Henry Iohn, Gentleman, Iohn Stokeley, Merchant-taylor, The Company of Mercers, the Company of Grocers, the Company of Drapers, the Company Fishmongers, the Company of Goldsmiths, the Company of Skinners, the Company of Merchant-taylers, the Company of Haberdashers, the Company of •alters, the Company of Iron|mongers, the Company of Vintners, the Company Clothworkers, Page 14 the •ompany of Dyers, the Company of Brewers, the Company of Leathersellers, the Company of Pewterers, the Company of C•tlers, the Company of Whitebakers, the Company of Wax-Chandlers▪ the Comp•ny of Tallow-Chandlers, the Company of Armorers▪ •he Comp•ny of Girdlers, the Company of Butchers, the Company of Sadlers, the Company of Carpenters, the Com|pany of Cor•wayners, the Company of Barber-Chirurgeons, the Company of Paintstainers, the Company of Curriers, the Com|pany of Masons, the Company of Plumbers, the Company In|holders, the Company of Founders, the Company of Pouiterers, the Company of Cooks, the Company of Coopers, the Company of Tylers and Bricklayers, the Company of Bowyers, the Com|pany of Fletchers, the C•mpany of Blacksmiths, the Company of Joiners, the Company of Weavers, the Company of Wool|men, the Company of Woodmongers, the Company of Scrive|ners, the Company of Fruiterers, the Company of Plaisters, the Company of Brownbakers, the Company of Stationers, th• Company of Imbroiderers, the Company of Upholsters, the Company of Musicians, the Company of Turners, the Com|pany of Gardiners, the Company of B•sketmakers, the Com|pany of Glaziers▪ Iohn Levet, Merchant, Thomas Nornicot, Cloth|worker, Richard Venn, Haberdasher, Thomas Scot, Gentleman, Thomas Iuxon, Merchant-taylor, George Hankinson, Thomas Seyer, Gentleman, Matthew Cooper, George Butler, Gentleman, Thomas Lawson, Gentleman, Edward Smith, Haberdasher, Stephen Spar|row, Iohn Iones, Merchant, Reynolds, Brewer, Thomas Plummer, Merchant, Iames Duppa, Brewer, Rowland Coitmere, William Southerne, George Whitmore, Haberdasher, Anthony Gos|nold, the Younger, Iohn Allen, Fishmonger, Simon Yeomans▪ Fishmonger, Lancelot Davis, Gentleman, Iohn Hopkins, Alder|man of Bristol, Iohn Kettleby, Gentleman, Richard Clene, Gold|smith, George Hooker, Gentleman, Robert Chening, Yeoman▪ AND to such, and so many, as they do, or shall hereafter, ad|mit to be joined with •hem, in Form hereafter in these Present• expressed, whether they go in their Persons, to be Planters there in the said Plantation, or whether they go not, but adventure their Monies, Goods, or Chattels; THAT they shall be on• Body or Commonalty perpetual, and shall have perpetual Suc|cession, and one Common Seal, to serve for the said Body or Commonalty; And that they, and their Successors, shall be KNOWN, CALLED, and INCORPORATED by the N•me of, The Treasurer and Company of Adventurers and Planters of the City of London for the first Colony in Virginia:
IV. AND th•t they, and their Successors, shall be, from hence|forth, for ever enabled to TAKE, ACQUIRE, and PURCHASE, by the Name aforesaid (Licence for the same, from Us, our Heirs or Succ•ssors, first had and obtained) any Manner of Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, Goods, and Chattels, within our Realm of England, and Dominion of Wales:
V. AND that they, and their Successors, sh•ll likewise be ena|bled, by the Name afore 〈…〉 PLEAD, and BE IMPL•ADED, before any of our Judg•• or 〈◊〉, in any of our Courts, and in any Actions or Suit• what•oever.
Page 15VI. AND we do also, of our special Grace, cert•in Knowledge, and mere Motion, GIVE, GRANT, and CONFIRM, unto the s•id Tre•surer and Company, and their Successors, under the Reser|vations, Limitations, and Declarations, hereafter expressed, all those Lands, Countries, and Territories, si•uate, lying, and be|ing, in that Part of America called VIRGINIA, from the Point of Land, called Cape or Point Comfort, all along the Sea •oast, to the Northward two hundred Miles, and from the said Point of Cape Comfort, all along the Sea •oast, to the Southward two hun|dred Miles, and all that Space and Circuit of Land, lying from the Sea •oast of the Precinct aforesaid, up into the Land, through|out from Sea to Sea, West, and No•thwest; And also all the Is|lands, lying within one hundred Miles, along the Coast of both Seas of the Precinct aforesaid; Together with all the Soils, Grounds, Havens, and Ports, Mines, as well Royal Mines of Gold and Silver, as other Minerals, Pearls, and precious Stones, Quar|ries, Woods, Rivers, Waters, Fishings, Commodities, Jurisdicti|ons, Royalties, Privileges, Franchises, and Preheminences, within the said Territories, and the Precincts thereof, whatsoever, and thereto and thereabouts, both by Sea and Land, being, or in any sort belonging or appertaining, and which We, by our Letters Patents, may or can grant, in as ample Manner and 〈◊〉, as We, or any our noble Progenitors, have heretofore granted to any Company, Body politick or corporate, o• to any Adventurer, or Adventurers, Undertaker or Undertak••s, of any Discoveries, Plantations, or Tr•ffick, of in or into any foreign Parts whatso|ever, and in as large and ample M•nner, as if the same were herein particularly mentioned and expressed; TO HAVE AND TO HOLD, possess and enjoy, all and si•gular the said Lands, Coun|••ies, and Territories, with all and singular other the Premises, •••••ofore by these Present• granted, or mentioned to be granted, 〈◊〉••em, the said Treasur•r •nd Comp•ny, their Succ•ssors and A•signs for ever; To the 〈…〉 them, the said Tre••urer and Company, their Succ•ssors and Assigns for ever▪ TO BE HOLDEN of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, as of our Ma|nour of East-Greenwich, in free and common Soccage, and not in Cap••e; YIELDING and PAYING, therefore, to Us, our Heirs, and Successors, the fi•th Part only of all Ore of Gold and Silver, that, from time to time, and at 〈◊〉•imes hereafter, sh•ll be there gotten, had, or obtained, for all M•nner of Services.
VII. AND neverthel•s•, our Will and Pleasure is, and we do, by these Presents, charge, command, warrant, and authorise, that the said Treasurer and Company, or their Successors, or the m•jo• Part of them, which sh•ll be pres•nt and assembled for that 〈◊〉, shall, from time to time, under their Common Seal, D••T•IBUTE, convey, assign, and set over, such particular Por|tions of L•nd, Tenements, and Hereditaments, by these Presents, fo•merly gran•ed, unto such o•r lov•ng Subject•, naturally born, or Denizens, or others, as well Adventurers as Planters, 〈◊〉 by the said Company (upon a Comm•ssion of Survey and D•st•ibution, executed and returned for that Pu•pos•) shall be nominated, ap|pointed, and allowed▪ Wherein our Will and Pleasure is, that Page 16 Respect be had, as well of the Proportion of the Adventurer, as to the special Service, Hazard, Exploit, or Merit of any Person, so to be recompenced, advanced, or rewarded.
VIII. AND forasmuch, as the good and prosperous Success of the said Plantation cannot but chiefly depend, next under the Blessing of God, and the Support of our Royal Authority, upon the provident and good Direction of the whole Enterprize, by a careful and underst•nding Council, and that it is not conve|nient, that all the Adventurers shall be so often drawn to meet and assemble, as shall be requisite for ••em to have Meetings and Co•ferenc• abo•••he •ffairs th•reo•, Therefore we do ORDAIN, establish, and confirm, that there shall be perpetually one COUN|CIL here resident, according to the Tenour of our former Let|ter-patents; Which Council shall have a Seal, for the better Government and Administration of the said Plantation, besides the legal Seal of the Company or Corporation, as in our former Letters-patents is also expressed.
IX. AND further, we ESTABLISH and ORDAIN, 〈…〉▪ Earl of Southampton, William, Earl of Pem•••ke, Henry, 〈◊〉 of Lincoln, Thomas, Earl of Exeter, Robert, Lord Viscount Lisle, Lord Theophilus Howard, Iames, Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells, Edward, Lord Zouche, Thomas, Lord La•arr, William, Lord Monteagle, Edmond, Lord She•field, Grey, Lord Chandois, Iohn, Lord Stanhope, George, Lord Carew, Sir Humfrey Weld, Lord Mayor of London, Sir Edward Cecil, Sir William Wade, Sir Henry Nevil, Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Oliver Cromwell, Sir Peter Manwood, Sir Thomas Challoner, Sir Henry Hobart, Sir Francis Bacon, Sir George Coppin, Sir Iohn Scot, Sir Henry Carey, Sir Robert Drury, Sir Horatio Vere, Sir Edward Conway, Sir Mau|rice Berkeley, Sir Thomas Gates, Sir Michael Sandys Sir Robert Mansel, Sir Iohn Trevor, Sir Amias Preston, Sir William Godol|phin, Sir Walter Cope, Sir R••••t K•lligrew, Sir Henry Fanshaw, Sir Edwin San•• Sir Iohn Watts, Sir Henry Montague, Sir William Romney, Sir •homas Roe, Sir Baptist Hicks, Sir Richard Williamson, Sir Stephen Po•le, Sir Dudley Digges, Christopher Brooke, Esq Iohn Eldred, and Iohn Wolstenholme, shall be our Council for the said Company of Adventurers and Planters in Virginia.
X. AND the said Sir Thomas Smith we do ORDAIN to be Trea|surer of the said Company; which Treasurer sh•ll have Authority to give Order, for the Warning of the Council, and summoning the Company, to their Courts and Meetings.
XI. AND the said Council and Treasurer, or any of them, shall be from henceforth, nominated, chosen, continued, displaced, changed, altered, and supplied, as Death, or other several Occasions, shall require, out of the Company of the said Adventurers, by the Voice of the greater Part of the said Com|pany and Adventurers, in their Assembly for that Purpose: PROVIDED always, that every Counsellor, so newly elected, shall be presented to the Lord Chancellor of England, or to the Lord High Treasurer of England, or to the Lord Chamberlain of the Household of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, for the time being, Page 17 to take his Oath of a Counsellor to Us, our Heirs, and Succes|sors, for the said Company of Adventurers and Colony in Vir|ginia.
XII. AND we do, by these Presents, of our special Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, for Us, our Heirs and Successors, GRANT unto the said Treasur•r and Company, and their Successors, that if it h•ppen, at any time or times, the Treasurer for the time being to be sick, or to have any such Cause of Absence from the City of London, as shall be allowed by the said Council, or the greater Part of them, assembled, so as he cannot attend the Affairs of that Company, in every such Case, it shall and may be lawful for such Treasurer for the time being, to assign, constitute and appoint, one of the Council or Company, to be likewise allowed by the Council, or the greater Part of them, assembled, to be the Deputy Treasurer of the said Company; Which Deputy shall have Power, to do and execute all things, which belong to the said Treasurer, during such time, as such Treasurer shall be either sick, or otherwise absent upon Cause al|lowed of by the said Council, or the major Part of them, as a|foresaid, so fully and wholly, and in as large and ample Manner and Form, to all Intents and Purposes, as the said Treasurer, if he were present, himself might or could do and exc••te the same.
XIII. AND further, of our special Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, for Us, our Heir•, and Successors, we do, by these Presents, GIVE and GRANT full Power and Authority to our said Council, here resident, as well at this present Time, as hereafter from time to time, to nominate, make, constitute, or|dain, and confirm, by such Name or Names, Stile or Stiles, as to them shall seem good, And likewise to revoke, discharge, change, and alter, as well all and singular Governors, Officers, and Ministers, which already have been made, as also which hereafter shall be by them thought fit and needful to be made or used, for the Government of the said Colo•• and Plantation;
XIV. AND also to make, ordain, and establish all Manner of Orders, Laws, Directions, Instructions, Forms, and Ceremonies of Government and Magistracy, fit and necessary, for and con|cerning the Government of the said Colony and Plantation; And the same, at all times hereafter, to abrogate, revoke, or change, not only within the Precincts of the said Colony, but also upon the Seas in going and coming, to and from the said Colony, as they, in their good Discretion, shall think to be fittest for the Good of the Adventurers and Inhabitants there.
XV. AND we do also declare, that, for divers Reasons and Considerations us thereunto especially moving, our Will and Pleasure is, and we do hereby ORDAIN, that immediately from and after such time, as any such Governor or principal Officer, so to be nominated and appointed, by our said Council, for the Go|vernment of the said Colony, as aforesaid, shall arrive in Virgi|nia, and give Notice unto the Colony there res•dent of our Plea|sure in this Behalf, the Government, Power, and Authority of the President and Council, heretofore by our former Letters Patents there established, and all Laws and Constitutions, by them for|merly Page 18 made, shall utterly cease and be determined, And all Offi|cers, Governors, and Ministers, formerly constituted or appointed, shall be discharged, any thing, in our said former Letters Patents concerning the said Plantation contained, in any wise to the con|trary notwithstanding; Straightly charging and commanding the President and Council, now resident in the said Colony, upon their Allegiance, after Knowledge given unto them of our Will and Pleasure, by these Presents signified and declared, that they forthwith be obedient to such Governor or Governors, as by our said Council, here resident, shall be named and appointed, as a|foresaid, and to all Directions, Orders, and Commandments, which they shall receive from them, as well in the present Resign|ing and Giving up of their Authority, Offices, Charge, and •l•ces, as in all other Attenda•ce, as shall be by them, from time to time, required.
XVI. AND we do further, by these Presents, ORDAIN and establish, that the said Treasurer and Council here resident, and their Successors, or any four of them, being assembled (the Treasurer being one) shall, from time to time, have full Power and Authority, to admit and receive any other Person into their Company, Corporation, and Freedom; And further, in a Gene|ral Assembly of the Adventurers, with the Consent of the gre•ter Part, upon good Cause, to disfranchise and put out any Person or Persons, out of the said Freedom and Company.
XVII. AND we do also GRANT and confirm, for Us, our Heirs and Successors, that it shall be lawful for the said Treasu|rer and Company, and their Successors, by Direction of the Go|vernors there, to dig and to search for all Manner of Mines of Gold, Silver, Copper, Iron, Lead, Tin, and all Sorts of Mine|rals, as well within the Precinct aforesaid, as within any Part of the main Land, not formerly granted to any other; And TO HAVE and ENJOY the Gold, Silver, Copper, Iron, Lead, and Tin, and all other Minerals, to be gotten thereby, to the Use and Behoof of the said Company of Planters and Adventurers▪ YIELDING thereof, and paying Yearly, unto Us, our Heirs and Successors, as aforesaid.
XVIII. AND we do further, of our special Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, for Us, our Heirs, and Succes|sors, GRANT, by these Presents, to and with the said Treasurer and Company, and their Successors, that it shall b• lawful and free for them, and their Assigns, at all and every time and times hereafter, out of our Realm of England, and out of all other our Dominions, to take and lead into the said Voyages, and for and towards the said Plantation, and to travel thitherwards, and to abide and inhabit there in the said Colony and Plantation, all such and so many of our loving Subjects, or any other Strangers, that will become our loving Subjects and live under our Obedi|ence, as shall willingly accompany them in the said Voyage and Plantation; With sufficient Shipping, Armour, Weapons, Or|dinance, Munition, Powder, Shot, Victuals, and such Merchan|dises or Wares, as are esteemed by the wild People in those Parts, Cloathing, Implements, Furniture, Cattle, Horses, and Page 19 Mares, and all other things, necessary for the said Plantation, an• for their Use, and Defence, and Tra•e with the People there; and in passing and returning to and fro; Without yielding or paying Subsidy, Custom, Imposition, or any other Tax or Duty, to Us, our Heirs or Successors, for the Space of seven Years from the Date of these Presents: PROVI•ED, that none of th• said Persons be such, as shall be hereafter, by 〈…〉 restrained by Us, our Heirs, and Successors.
XIX. AND for their further Encouragement, of our special Grace and Favour, we do, by these Presents, for Us, our Heirs▪ a•d Successors▪ YIELD and GRANT, to and with the said Trea|surer and Company, and their Successors, and every of them▪ their Factors, and Assigns, that they, and every of them▪ shall be free of all Subsidies and Customs in Virginia, for the Space of one and twenty Years, and from all Taxes and Impositions, for ever, upon any Goods or Merchandises, at any time or times here|after, either upon Importation thither, or Exportation from thence, into our Realm of England, or into any other of our Realms or Dominion•, by the said Treasurer and Company, and their Suc|cessors, their Deputies, Factors, or Assigns, or any of them: EXCEPT only the five Pounds per Cent. due for Custom, upon all such Goods and Merchandises, as shall be brought or imported into our Realm of England, or any other of these our Dominions, according •o the ancient Trade of Merchants; WHICH FIVE POUNDS per Cent. ONLY being paid, it shall be thenceforth law|ful and free for the said Adventurers, the same Goods and Mer|chandises to export, and carry out of our said Dominions, into foreign Parts, without any Custom, Tax, or other Duty, to be paid to Us, our Heirs, or Successors, or to any other our Officers or Deputies: PROVIDED, that the said Goods and Merchandises be shipped out, within thirteen Months, after their first Landing within any Part of those Dominions.
XX. AND we do also GRANT and confirm to the said Trea|surer and Company, and their Successors, •s also to all and every such Governor, or other Officers and Ministers, as by our s•id Council shall be appointed to have Power and Authority of Go|vernment and Command, in or over the said Colony and Planta|tion; That they, and every of them, shall and lawfully may▪ from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, for their several Defence and Safety, encounter, expulse, repel, and resist, by Force and Arms, as well by Sea as by Land, and all Ways and Means whatsoever, all and every such Person and Persons whatsoever, as (without the special Licence of the said Treasu•er and Company, and their Successors) shall attempt •o 〈◊〉 bit, within the said several Precincts and Limits of the s•id Colony and Plantation; And also, all and every such Person •nd 〈◊〉 whatsoever, as shall enterprise or attempt, at any 〈…〉, Destruction, Invasion, Hurt, De•riment, or Annoy••ce 〈◊〉•he said Colony and Plantation, a••s li•ewise specified 〈…〉 for|mer Grant:
XXI. AND that it sh•ll be lawfu for the sai•〈◊〉 and Company▪ and their Successors, and every of them, from time to Page 20•ime, and at all times for ever hereafter, and they shall hav• full Power and Authority, to take and surprise, by all Ways a•d Means whatsoever, all and every Person and Persons whatsoever, with their Ships, Goods, and other Furniture, trafficking in any Harbour, Creek, or Place, within the Limits or Precincts of the said Colony and Plan••tion, * not being allowed by the said Company to be Adventurers or Planters of the said Colony, until such time, as they, being of any Realms and Dominions under our Obedience, shall pay, or agree to pay, to the Hands of the Treasurer or of some other Officer, deputed by the said Gover|nor of Virginia (over and above such Subsidy and Custom, as th• said Company is, or hereafter shall be, to pay) five Pounds per Cent. upon all Goods and Merchandises so brought i• thither, and also five per Cent. upon all Goods by them shipped out fro• thence; And being Strangers, and not under our Obedience▪ until they have paid (over and above such Subsidy and Custom, a• the said Treasurer and Company, or their Successors, is, or here|after shall be, to pay) ten Pounds per Cent. upon all such Goods, likewise carried in and out, any thing, in the said former Let|ters Patents, to the contrary notwithstanding; And the same SUMS of MONEY and Benefit, as aforesaid, for and during the Space of one and twenty Years, shall be wholly employed to the Benefit, Use, and Behoof of the said Colony and Plantation; And after the said one and twenty Years ended, the same shall be taken to the Use of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, by such Officers and Ministers, as by Us, our Heirs, or Successors, shall be thereunto assigned and appointed, as i• specified in the said former Letters Patents.
XXII. ALSO, we do, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, DE|CLARE, by these Presents, that all and every the Persons, being our Subjects, which shall go and inhabit within the said Colony and Plantation, and every of their Children and Posterity, which shall happen to be born within any the Limits thereof, shall HAVE AND ENJOY all Liberties, Franchises, and Immunitie• of free Denizens and natural Subjects, within any of our other Do|minions, to all Intents and Purposes, as if they had been abiding and born▪ within this our Realm of England, or in any other of our Dominio•
XXII•〈◊〉 forasmuch, as it shall be necessary for all such our loving Subjects, as shall inhabit within the said Precincts of Virginia, afores•id▪ to determine to live together, in the Fear and true Worship of Almighty God, Christian Peace, and civil Quietness, each with other, whereby every one may, with more Safety, Pleasure, and Profit, enjoy that, whereunto they shall attain with great Pain and Peril; We, for Us, our Heirs and Successors, are likewise pleased and contented, and by these Pre|sents, do GIVE and GRANT unto the said Treasurer and Com|pany, and their Successors, and to such Governors, Officers, and Page 21 Ministers, as shall be, by our said Council, constituted and ap|pointed, according to the Natures and Limits of their Office• and Places respectively, that they shall and may, from time to time for ever hereafter, within the said Precincts of Virginia, or in the Way by * Sea thither and from the•ce, have full and ab|solute Power and Authority, to correct, p•nish, pardon, govern, and rule, all such the Subjects of Us▪ our Heirs, and Successors, a• shall▪ from time to time, adventure themselves in any Voyage thither, or that shall, at any time hereafter, inhabit in the Pre|cincts and Territories of the said Colony, a• aforesaid, accordi•g to such Orders, Ordinances, Constitutions, Directions, and I•|structions, as by our said Council, as aforesaid, shall be establish|ed; And in Defect thereof, in case of Necessity, according to the good * Discretions of the said Governor and Officers, re|spectively, as well in Case• capital and criminal as civil, both marine and other; So always, as the said Statutes, Ordinances▪ and Proceedings, as near as conveniently may be, be agreeable to the Laws, Statutes, Government, and Policy of this our Realm of England.
XXIV. AND we do further, of our special Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, GRANT, DECLARE, and OR|DAIN, that such principal Governor, as, from time to time, shall duly and lawfully be authorised and appointed, in Manner and Form in these Presents heretofore expressed, shall have full Power and Authority, to use and exercise Martial Law, in Case• of Rebellion or Mutiny, in as large and ample Manner, as our Lieutenants in our * Counties, within this our Realm of En|gland, have, or ought to have, by Force of their Commission• of Lieutenancy.
XXV. AND furthermore, if any Person or Persons, Adven|turers or Planters of the said Colony, or any other, at any time or times hereafter, shall transport any Monies, Goods, or Mer|chandises, out of any of our Kingdoms, with a Pretence or Purpose, to land▪ sell, or otherwise dispose of the same, within the Limits or Bounds of the said Colony, and yet never•heless▪ being at Sea, or after he hath landed within any Part of the said Colony, shall carry the same into any other foreign Country▪ with a Purpose there to sell and dispose thereof; That then, all the Goods and Chattels of the said Person, or Persons, so of|fending and transported, together with the Ship or Vessel, where|in such Transportation was made, shall be forfeited to Us, our Heirs and Successors.
XXVI. AND further, our Will and Pleasure is, that in all Questions and Doubts, that shall arise, upon any Difficulty of Construction or Interpretation of any thing, contained either in this or in our said former Letters Patents, the same shall be taken and interpreted▪ in most ample and beneficial Manner for the said Treasurer and Company, and their Successors, and every Mem|ber thereof.
Page 22XXVII. AND further, we do, by these Presents, RATIFY and CONFIRM unto the said Treasurer and Company, and their Suc|cessors, all the Privileges, Franchises, Liberties, and Immunities, granted in our said former Letters Patents, and not in these our Letters Patents revoked, altered, changed, or abridged.
XXVIII. AND finally, our Will and Ple•sure is, and we do further, hereby, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, GRANT and agree, to and with the said Treas•rer and Company, and their Successors, that all and singular Person and Persons, which shall, at any time or times hereafter, adventure any Sum or Sums of Money, in and towards the said Plantation of the said Colony in Virginia, and shall be admitted, by the said Council and Company, as Adventurers of the said Colony, in Form aforesaid, and shall be enrolled in the Book or Records of the Adventurers of the said •ompany, shall and may be accounted, accepted, ta|ken, held, and reputed, Adventurers of the said Colony, and shall and may enjoy all and singular Grants, Privileges, Liberties, Benefits, Profits, Commodities, and Immunities, Advantages, and Emoluments, whatsoever, as fully, largely▪ amply, and absolute|ly, as if they, and every of them, had been precisely, plainly singularly, and distinctly, named and inserted in these our Letters Patents.
XXIX ND lastly, because the principal Effect, which we can desire or expect of this Action, is the Conversion and Re|duction of the People in those Parts unto the true Worship of God and Ch•istian Religion, in which Respect we should be loath, that any Person should be permitted to pass, that we suspected to •ffect the Superstitions of the Church of Rome; We do hereby DECLARE, that it i• our Will and Pleasure, that none be permitted to pass in any Voyage, from time to time to be made into the said Country▪ but such, as first shall have taken the Oath of Supremacy; For which Purpose, we do, by these Presents, give full Power and Authority, to the Treasurer for the time being, and any three of the Council, to tender and exhibit the said Oath, to all such Persons, as shall, at any time, be sent and •mployed in the said Voyage. ALTHOUGH express Mention of the true Yearly Value or Certainty of the Premises, or any of them, or of any other Gifts or Grants, by Us or any of our Progenitors or Predecessors, to the aforesaid Treasurer and Company heretofore made, in these Presents is not made; Or any Act, Statute, Ordinance, Provision, Proclamation, or Re|straint, to the contrary hereof had, made, ordained, or provided, or any other Thing, Cause, or Matter, whatsoever, in any wise notwithstanding. IN WITNESS whereof, We have caused these our Letters to be made Patent. Witness ourself at Westminster, the 23d Day of May, in the seventh Year of our Reign of En|gland, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the ****
Per ipsum Re•em Lukin.