AN ESSAY FOR THE RECORDING OF Illustrious Providences: WHEREIN, An Account is given of many Re|markable and very Memorable Events, which have happened in this last Age; ESPECIALLY IN NEW-ENGLAND.
By INCREASE MATHER, Teacher of a Church at Boston in New-England.
Psal. 107. 5.
Psal. 145. 4.
Printed at BOSTON in New-England, and are to be sold by George Calvert at the Sign of the Half-moon in Pauls Church-yard, London, 1684.
ABout six and twenty years ago, a Design for the Recording of illustri|ous Providences, was under serious consi|deration among some eminent Ministers in England and in Ireland. That mo|tion was principally set on foot by the Learned Mr. Matthew Pool, whose Synop|sis Criticorum, and other Books by him e|mitted, have made him famous in the World. But before any thing was brought to effect, the Persons to have been imployed, had their thoughts di|verted another way. Nevertheless, there was a M. SS. (the Composer whereof is to me unknown) then written, wherein Page [unnumbered] the Subjects proper for this Record, and some Rules for the better managing a design of this nature, are described. In that M. SS. I find notable Stories related and attested, which elsewhere I never met with. Particularly, the Sory of Mr. Earl of Colchester, and another mention|ed in our subsequent Essay. And besides those, there are some very memorable Passages written, which have not as yet been published, so far as I understand. There are in that M. SS. several Remarka|bless about Apparitions, e. g. It is there said, that Dr. Frith, (who was one of the Prebends belonging to Windsor) lying on his Bed, the Chamber Doors were thrown open, and a Corps with attend|ing Torches brought to his Bed-side upon a Bier; The Corps representing one of his own Family: After some pause, there was such another shew, till he, the said Dr. his Wife and all his Fa|mily were brought in on the Bier in such order as they all soon after died. The Dr. was not then sick, but quickly Page [unnumbered] Melancholly, and would rising at Mid|night repair to the Graves and monu|ments at Eaton Colledge; saying, that he and his must shortly take up their nabi|tation among the Dead. The Relater of this Story (a Person of great inte|grity) had it from Dr. Frith's Son, who also added, My Fathers Vision is already Executed upon all the Family but my self, my time is next, and near at hand.
In the mentioned M. SS. there is also a marvelous Relation concerning a young Scholar in France: For, it is there affirmed, that this prophane Student, having by extravagant courses outrun his means; in his discontent walking soli|tarily, a Man came to him, and enquired the cause of his sadness. Which he own|ing to be want of Money, had presently a supply given him by the other. That being quickly consumed upon his Lusts; as soon as his Money was gone his Dis|content returned; and in his former Walk, he met with his former Reliever, who again offered to supply him; but Page [unnumbered] askt him to contract with him to be his, and to sign the contract with his Blood. The woful wretch consented: but not long after, considering that this contract was made with the Devil; the terrors of his Conscience became insup|portable; so as that he endeavoured to kill himself to get out of them. Some Ministers, and other Christians being in|formed how matters were circumstanced, kept dayes of Prayer for him and with him: and he was carefully watched that so he might be kept from Self-Murder. Still he continued under Terror, and said he should do so, as long as the Covenant which he had signed, remained in the hands of the Devil. Hereupon, the Mi|nisters resolve to keep a day of Fasting and Prayer in that very place of the Field where the distressed creature had made the woful Bargain, setting him in the midst of them. Thus they did, and being with special actings of Faith much enlarged to pray earnestly to the Lord to make known his power over Satan, Page [unnumbered] in constraining him, to give up that con|tract, after some hours continuance in Prayer, a Cloud was seen to spread it self over them, and out of it the very con|tract signed with the poor crearures Blood was dropped down amongst them; which being taken up and viewed, the party concerned took it, and tore it in pieces. The Relator had this from the mouth of Mr. Beaumond, a Minister of Note at Caon in Normandy, who assured him that he had it from one of the Mi|nisters that did assist in carrying on the Day of prayer when this memorable providence hapned. Nor is the Rela|tion impossible to be true, for Luther speaks of a providence not unlike unto this, which hapned in his Congregation.
This M. SS. doth also mention some most Remarkable Judgments of God upon Sinners, as worthy to be Recorded for Posterity to take notice of. It is there said, that when Mr. Richard Juxon was a Fellow of Kings Colledge in Cambridge, he led a most vicious life: and whereas Page [unnumbered] such of the Students as were serious in matters of Religion, did endeavour by solemn Fasting and Prayer to prepare themselves for the Communion which was then (this was about the year 1636) on Easter-Day. This Juxon spent all the time of preparation in Drunken wild Meetings, and was up late and Drunk on the Saturday night. Nevertheless, on the Lords day, he came with others to the Communion, and sat next to the Relator, who knowing his Disorder the night before, was much troubled: but had no remedy; Church-Discipline not being then so practised as ought to have been. The Communion being ended, such of the Scholars as had the fear of God in their hearts, repaired to their Closets. But this Juxon went immedi|ately to a Drunken-meeting, and there to a Cockfight, where he fell to his ac|customed madness, and pouring out a volley of Oaths and Curses; while these were between his Lips, God smote him dead in the twinkle of an eye. And though Page [unnumbered]Juxon were but young, and of a comely person, his Carcase was immediately so corrupted as that the stench of it was in|sufferable, insomuch that no house would receive it; and his Friends were forced to hire some base Fellows to watch the Carcase till night; and then with Pitch and such like Gums covered him in a Coffin, and so made a shift to endure his Interment. There stood by a Scholar, whose name was George Hall, and who acted his part with Juxon in his prophane|ness: but he was so astonished with this amazing Providence of God, as that he fell down upon his knees, begging par|doning mercy from Heaven, and vowing a Reformation; which vow the Lord en|abled him to keep, so as that afterwards he became an able and famous Minister of the Gospel.
One strange passage more I shall here relate out of the M. SS. which we have thus far made mention of. Therein I find part of a Letter transcribed; which is as followeth:
Page [unnumbered] I shall say no more concerning the M. SS. only that it was sent over to Re|verend Mr. Davenport, by (as I suppose) Mr. H•rtlib. How it came to lie dor|mient in his hands I know not: though I had the happiness of special Intimacy with that worthy Man, I do not remem|ber that ever I heard him speak any thing of it. But since his Death, looking o|ver his M. SS's I met with this, and com|municated it to other Ministers, who highly approved of the noble design aimed at therein. Soon after which, some Proposals in order to the reviving of this work were drawn up, and presented at a general Meeting of the Ministers in this Colony. May 12. 1681. which it may not be unsuitable here to recite.
Some PROPOSALS concerning the RE|CORDING of Illustrious PROVIDENCES.
I. IN Order to the promoving of a design of this Nature, so as shall be indeed for Gods Glory, and the good of Posterity, Page [unnumbered] it is necessary that utmost care shall be ta|ken that All, and Only Remarkable Pro|vidences be Recorded and Published.
II. Such Divine Judgements, Tempests, Floods, Earth-quakes, Thunders as are unusu|al, strange Apparitions or what ever else shall happen that is Prodigious, Witchcrafts, Diabolical Possessions, Remarkable Judge|ments upon noted Sinners: eminent Deli|verances and Answers of Prayer, are to be reckoned among Illustrious Providences.
III. Inasmuch as we find in Scripture, as well as in Ecclesiastical History, that the Ministers of God have been improved in the Recording and Declaring the works of the Lord; and since they are in divers respects under peculiar Advantages thereun|to: It is proposed, that each one in that ca|pacity may diligently enquire into, and Re|cord: such Illustrious Providences as have hapned, or from time to time shall happen in the places whereunto they do belong: and that the Witnesses of such notable Occu•|rents Page [unnumbered] be likewise set down in Writing.
IV. Although it be true, that this De|sign cannot be brought unto Perfection in one or two years, yet it is much to be de|sired that something may be done therein out of hand, as a Specimen of a more large Volumn, that so this work may be set on foot, and Posterity may be encouraged to go on therewith.
V. It is therefore Proposed that the Elders may concurre in desiring some one that hath Leisure and Ability for the ma|nagement of such an undertaking, with all convenient speed to begin therewith.
VI. And that therefore other Elders do •ithout delay make Enquiry concerning the Remarkable Occurrents that have formerly Page [unnumbered] fallen out, or may fall out hereafter, where they are concerned, and transmit them unto the aforesaid person, according to the Di|rections above specified, in order to a spee|dy P•llication.
VII. That Notice be given of these Pro|posals unto our Brethren, the Elders of the Neighbour Colonies, that so we may enjoy their Concurrence, and Assistance herein.
VIII. When any thing of this Nature shall be ready for the Presse, it appears on sundry Grounds very expedient, that it should be read, and approved of at some Meeting of the Elders, before Publication.
These things being Read and Conside|red; the Author of this Essay, was de|sired to begin the work which is here done; and I am Engaged to many for the Materials, and Informations which the following Collections do consist 〈◊〉 It is not easie to give an Account 〈◊〉 things, and yet no circumstantial mi|stakes Page [unnumbered] attend what shall be related. Nor dare I averr, that there are none such in what follows. Only I have been care|ful to prevent them; and as to the sub|stance of each passage, I am well assured it is according to Truth. That rare ac|cident about the Lightning which: cau|sed a wonderful change in the Compas|ses of a Vessel then at Sea, was as is in the Book expressed Page 91.92. Only it is uncertain whether they were then exactly in the Latitude of 38. For they had not taken an Observation for seve|ral dayes, but the Master of the Vessel affirms that to be the Latitude so near as they could conjecture. Since the Needle was changed by the Lightning, if a lesser Compass be set over it, the Needle therein (or any other touched with the Load-stone) will alter its polari|ty & turn about to the South, as I have di|vers times to my great admiration expe|rimented. There is near the North|point a dark spot, like as if it were burnt with a drop of Brimstone, supposed to Page [unnumbered] be caused by the Lightning. Whether the Magnetic impressions on that part of the Needle being dissipated by the heat of the Lightning, and the effluvia on the South end of the Needle only remaining untouched thereby, be the true natural reason of the marvelous alteration; or whither it ought to be ascribed to some other cause, the Ingenious may consider.
There is another Remarkable Passage about Lightning which hapned at Dux|borough in New-England, concerning which I have lately received this follow|ing Account.
September 11. 1653. (being the Lords Day) •here were small drizling Showers, attended with some seldome and scarce per|ceivable rumbling Thunders until towards the Evening; at what time Mr. Constant South|worth of Duxbury returning home after e|vening Exercise, in company with some Neighbours, Discoursing of some extraordi|nary Thunder-claps with Lightning, and the awful effects and consequents thereof,) be|ing come into his own House (there were present in one room, himself, his Wife, two Page [unnumbered] Children, viz. Thomas (he was afterwards drowned) and Benjamin, (he was long after this killed by the Indians) with Philip Delano a Servant,) there broke perpendicularly o|ver the said House and Room a most awful and amazing clap of Thunder, attended with a violent flash, or rather flame of Lightning; which brake and shivered one of the Nee|dles of the Katted or Wooden Chimney, car|rying divers Splinters seven or eight Rods di|stance from the House: it filled the Room with Smoke and Flame. Set fire in the Thatch of a Leanto which was on the back|side of a Room adjoyning to the former, in which the five persons abovementioned were. It melted some Pewter, so that it ran into drops on the out-side, as is often seen on Tin ware; melted round holes in the top of a Fire|shovel proportionable in quantity to a small Goose-shot; struck Mrs. Southworths Arm so that it was for a time benummed; smote the young Child Benjamin in his Mothers Arms, deprived it of Breath for a space, and to the Mothers apprehension squcased it as flat as a Planck; smote a Dog stone-dead which lay within two foot of Philip Delano, the Dog never moved out of his place or po|tsture, in which he was when smitteh, but giving a small yelp, and quivering with his Page [unnumbered] toes, lay still, blood issuing from his Nose or Mouth. It smote the said Philip, made his right Arm senseless for a time, together with the middle finger in special (of his right hand) which was benummed, and turned as white as Chalk or Lime, yet attended with little pain. After some few hours that finger began to recover its proper colour at the Knuckle, and so did gradually whiten unto its extremity; And although the said Delano felt a most vioilent heat upon his Body, as if he had been scorched in the midst of a vio|lent burning fire, yet his Clothes were not singed, neither had the smell of fire passed thereon.
I could not insert this Story in its proper place, because I received it after that Cha|pter about Thunder and Lightning was Prin|ted. Some credible, persons who have been Eye-witnesses of it, inform me, that the Lightning in that House at Duxborough, did with the vehemency of its flame, cause the Bricks in the Chimney to melt like molten lead: which particular was as Remarkable as any of the other mentioned in the Narra|tive, and therefore I thought good here to ••d it.
Page [unnumbered] In this ESSAY, I design no more than a Specimen; And having (by the good hand of God, upon me) set this Wheel a going, I shall leave it unto o|others, whom God has fitted, and shall incline thereto, to go on with the under|taking.
Some Digressions I have made in di|stinct Chapters, handling several consi|derable Cases of Conscience, supposing it not unprofitable, or improper so to do; since the things related gave the occasi|on: both Leisure and Exercise of Judge|ment are required in the due perfor|mance of a Service of this Nature: There are some that have more leisure, and many that have greater Abilities than I have: I expect not that they should make my Method their Standard; but they may follow a better of their own, as they shall see cause. The Addi|tion of Parallel Stories is both pleasing and edifying: Had my reading and re|membrance of things been greater, I might have done more that way, as I Page [unnumbered] hope others will in the next Essay.
I could have mentioned some very me|morable Passages of Divine Providence, wherein the Countrey in general hath been concerned. Some Remarkables of that kind are to be seen in my former Relations of the Troubles occasioned by the Indians in New-England. There are other particulars no less worthy to be Recorded, but in my judgement, this is not so proper a season for us to divulge them. It has been in my thoughts to publish a Discourse of Miscellaneous obser|vations, concerning things rare and wonder|ful; both as to the works of Creation and Providence; which in my small Readings I have met with in many Authors: But this must suffice for the present. I have often wished, that the Natural History of New-England, might be written and pub|lished to the World; the Rules and me|thod described by that Learned and ex|cellent person Robert Boyle Esq. being duely observed therein. It would best become some Scholar that has been born Page [unnumbered] in this Land, to do such a service for his Countrey. Nor would I my self decline to put my hand (so far as my small ca|pacity will reach) to so noble an under|taking, did not manifold diversions and employments prevent me from attend|ing that which I should account a pro|fitable Recreation. I have other work up|on me, which I would gladly finish be|fore I leave the World, and but a very little time to do it in: Moreover, not ma|ny years ago, I lost (and that's an affli|ctive loss indeed!) several Moneths from study by sickness. Let every God|fearing Reader, joyn with me in Prayer, that I may be enabled to redeem the time, and (in all wayes wherein I am capable) to serve my Generation.
Boston in New-England, January 1. 1683.
Of Remarkable Sea Deliverances. Mr. An|thony Thacher's Relation concerning his and his wives being marvelously preserved alive, when all the ships company perished. The wonderful pre|servation of Major Gibbons and his company. Se|veral other remarkable Sea-deliverances mention|ed by Mr. Janeway, wherin N. E. men were concerned. Mr. Grafton's preservation. A vessel lately coming from Bristol for New-En|gland, saved out of great distress at Sea. Some providentially met with by a New-England ves|sel in an open Boat, many Leagues off from any|shoar, strangely preserved. An account of are markable Sea-Deliverance which hapned this present Year. Another like unto it which hapned 〈◊〉 twenty years ago.
Page 2 THe Royal Pen of the Prophet Da|vid hath most truly affirmed, that they who go down to the Sea in Ships, that do business in great waters, see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the deep. And in special, they see wonders of Divine goodness in respect of eminent Deliverances wrought by the hand of the most High, who stills the noise of the Seas, the noise of their waves. It is meet that such Providences should be ever had in remembrance, as most of all by the persons concerned in them, so by others, that the God of Salvation, who is the confidence of them that are afar off upon the Sea, may have eter|nal praise. Many remarkable Stories of this kind, are to be seen in Books already publi|shed. E.G. in Mandelslo's Travels Hackluit, and Linshoten's Voyages; W••ley's History; Causin's Holy Court; Mr. Burton's Treatises lately printed, and in Mr. Janeway's Sea-De|liverances. I shall in this Chapter confine my self unto things which have hapned either in New-England, or wherein N-England Ves|sels have been concerned. We shall begin with that Remarkable Sea-Deliverance which Mr. Anthony Thacher did Experience at his first coming to New-England. A full and Page 3 true Relation whereof, I find in a Letter di|rected to his Brother Mr. Peter Thacher, then a Faithful Minister of Christ in Sarum in England (he was Father to my worthy dear Friend Mr. Thomas Thacher late Pastor of one of the Churches in this Boston.) This Letter of Mr. Anthony Thacher's to his Bro••er be|ing written within a few dayes after that eminent Providence hapned unto him, mat|ters were then fresh in his memory; I shall therefore here insert his Narrative in his own words; who expresseth himself as followeth;
We proceed to some other:
Remarkable was that deliverance menti|oned Page 15 both by Mr. Janeway, and Mr. Burton, wherein that gallant Commander Major Ed|ward Gibbons of Boston in New-England, and others were concerned. The substance of the Story is this. A New-England Vessel go|ing from Boston to some other parts of Ame|rica, was through the continuance of contra|ry winds, kept long at Sea, so that they were in very great straits for want of Provision, and seeing they could not hope for any re|lief from Earth or Sea, they apply themselves to Heaven in humble and hearty Prayers, but no Calm ensuing, one of them made this sorrowful motion, that they should cast Lots, which of them should die first, to satisfie the ravenous Hunger of the rest. After many a sad Debate, they come to a result, the Lot is cast, and one of the company is taken, but where is the Executioner to be found to act this Office upon a poor Innocent? It is death new to think who shall act this bloody part in the Tragedy: But before they fall upon this in-voluntary Execution, they once more went unto their Prayers, and while they were calling upon God, he answered them, for there leapt a mighty Fish into the Boat, which was a double joy to them, not only in re|lieving their miserable hunger, which no doubt made them quick Cooks, but because Page 16 they looked upon it to be sent from God, and to be a token of their Deliverance. But Alas! the Fish is soon caten, and their for|mer Exigencies come upon them, which sink their spirits into despair; for they know not of another Morsel. To Lot they go again the second time, which falleth upon another person; but still none can be found to Sacri|fice him; they again send their Prayers to Heaven with all manner of fervency, when behold a second Answer from above! a great Bird lights, and fixes it self upon the Mast: which one of the Company espies, and he goes, and there she stands, till he took her with his hand by the wing. This was life from the dead the second time, and they feast|ed themselves herewith, as hoping that se|cond Providence was fore-runner of their compleat Deliverance. But they have still the same Disappointments, they can see no Land, they know not where they are. Hun|ger encreaseth again upon them, and they have no hopes to be saved but by a third Mi|racle. They are reduced to the former course of casting Lots, when they were going to the heart-breaking work, to put him to death whom the Lot fell upon, they go to God, their former Friend in adversity, by humble and hearty Prayers; and now they look and Page 17 look again; but there is nothing: Their prayers are concluded, and nothing appears, yet still they hoped and stayed; till at last one of them espies a Ship, which put new life into all their spirits. They bear up with their Vessel, they Man their Boat, and desire and beg like perishing, humble Supplicants to Board them, which they are admitted. The Vessel proves a French Vessel, yea, a French Pirate. Major Gibbons petitions them for a little Bread, and offers Ship and Cargo for it. But the Commander knows the Major, (from whom he had received some signal kindnesses formerly at Boston) and replied readily, and chearfully, Major Gibbons, not a hair of you or your Company shall perish, if it ly in my power to preserve you. And according|ly he relieveth them, and sets them safe on shoar.
Memorable also is that which Mr. Jane|way in his Remarkable Sea-Deliverances, P.35. hath published. He there relates that in the Year 1668. a Ketch whereof Thomas Woodbery was Master, Sailing from New-En|gland for Barbadoes; when they came in the Latitude of 35.gr. because there was some appearance of foul-weather, they lowred their Sails, sending up one to the top of the Page 18 Mast, he thought he saw something like a Boat floating upon the Sea, and calling to the Men below, they made towards it, and when they came near, it appeared to be a Long|Boat with eleven Men in it, who had been bound for Virginia; but their Ship proved leaky, and Foundred in the Sea; so that they were forced suddenly to betake themselves to their Long-Boat; in the which they had a Capstone Bar, which they made use of for a Mast, and a piece of Canvas for a Sail, so did they Sail before the Wind. But they ha|ving no Victuals with them, were soon in mi|serable distress. Thus they continued five dayes, so that all despaired of Life. Upon the sixth day they concluded to cast Lots for their lives, viz. who should die that the rest might eat him, and have their lives preserved. He that the Lot fell upon, begged for his Life a little longer; and being in their ext•e|mity, the wonder-working Providence of God was seen: for they meet with this New|England Vessel, which took them in, and sa|ved their lives. And hour after this a terrible Storm arose, continuing forty hours, so that if they had not met the Vessel that saved them in the nick of opportunity, they had all pe|rished: and if the New-England Men had not taken down some of their Sails, or had Page 19 not chanced to send one up to Tallow the Mast, this Boat and Men had never been seen by them. Thus admirable are the workings of divine providence in the World.
That Worthy and now blessed Minister of God Mr. James Janeway, hath published se|veral other Remarkable Sea-Deliverances; of which some belonging to New-England. were the Subjects. He relates (and I am informed that it was really so) that a small Vessel (the Masters Name Philip Hung are) coming upon the Coast of New-England suddenly sprang a Leak, and so Foundered. In the Vessel there were eighteen Souls, twelve of which got into the Long Boat. They threw into the Boat some small mat|ters of Provision, but were wholly without fire. These twelve Men sailed five hundred Leagues in this small Boat, being by almost miraculous Providences preserved therein for five weeks together. God sent relief to them by causing some flying Fish to fall into the Boat, which they eat raw, and were well pleased therewith. They also caught a Shar• and opening his belly, sucked his blood for drink. At the last the divine providence brought them to the West-Indies. Some 〈◊〉 them were so weak as that they soon died; Page 20 but most of them lived to declare the Works of the Lord.
Again he Relates that Mr. Jonas Clark of New-England going for Virginia, the Vessel was cast ashoar in the night. They hoped to get their Ship off again; to which end the Master with some others going in the Boat, when they were about sixty Fathom from the Shoar, there arose a great Sea which broke in upon them, and at last turned the Boat over. Four Men were drowned. Mr. Clark was held under water till his Breath was gone, yet (through the good hand of a gracious God) he was set at liberty, and was enabled to swim to the shoar, where the providence of God did so over-rule the hearts of Barbarians, as that they did them no hurt, until at last they were brought safe unto the English Plantati|ons. These things have (as was said) been related by Mr. Janeway. I proceed there|fore to mention some other Sea-Deliverances. And that notable preservation deserves to be here Inserted and Recorded; Wherein Mr. John Grafton and some others of his Ships Company were concerned; who as they were bound in a Voyage from Salem in New-En|gland, for the West-Indies, in a Ketch called the Providence; (on September 16. 1669.) Page 21 their Vessel suddenly struck upon a Rock; at the which they were amazed, it being then a dark and rainy night; the force of the wind and Sea broke their Vessel in a moment. Their Company was ten Men in number, whereof six were drowned. The Master, and the Mate were left upon the Rock. As they sa• there, the Sea came up to their wasts. There did they embrace each other, looking for Death every moment; and if the Tide had risen higher it would have carried them off. By the same Rock was one of the Sea|men, being much wounded and grievously groaning. In the Morning they saw an Island about half a mile off from them. The Rocks were so sharp and cragged that they could not tread upon them with their bare feet nor had they Shoes or Stockins. But they found a piece of Tarpoling, which they wrapped about their feet, making it fast with Rope-yarns; so getting each of them a stick, they sometimes went on their feet, and some|times crept, until at last they came to the Island, where they found another of their Company ashoar, being carried thither by a piece of the Vessel. Upon the Island they continued eight dayes, four of which they had no fire. Their Provision was salt Fish and Rain Water, which they found in the Page 22 holes of the Rocks. After four dayes they found a piece of Touch-wood, which the Mate had formerly in his Chest, and a piece of Flint, with which having a small Knife they struck fire. A Barrel of Flower being cast on shoar they made Cakes thereof. Now their care was how to get off from the Island, there being no Inhabitants there. Finding a piece of the Main-sail, and some hoops of Cask they framed a Boat therewith. Yet had they no Tools to build it with. But pro|vidence so ordered, that they found a Board twelve foot long, and Some Nails; also a Box was cast ashoar wherein was a Bolt-rope Needle; they likewise found a Tar-Barrel, wherewith they Tarred their Canvas. Thus did they patch up a Boat in fashion like a Birchen Canno; and meeting with some thin Boards of Sieling which came out of the Cabbin, they made Paddles therewith, so did they venture in this dangerous Vessel ten Leagues, until they came to Angu•lla, and St. Martins, where they were courteously en|tertained, the People admiring how they could come so many Leagues in such a strange kind of Boat. Besides all these par|ticulars, which have been declared, Informa|tion is brought to me concerning some Sea preservations which have hapned more lately.
Page 23 There was a small Vessel set Sail from Bristol to New-England, Sept.22. 1681. The Masters Name William Dutten. There were seven Men in the Vessel, having on Board Provision for three Moneths, but by reason of contrary Winds, they were twenty Weeks before they could make any Land; and some unhappy Accidents fell out which occasioned their being put to miserable straits for victu|als, but most of all for Drink. The Winds were fair and prosperous until October 28. when they supposed themselves to be gotten 600 Leagues Westward. But after that the Norwest Winds blew so fiercely, that they were driven off from the Coast of New-En|gland, so that December 12. they concluded to bear away for Barbadoes. But before this, one of their Barrels of Beer had the head broken out, and the Liquor in it lost. They had but seven barrels of Water, three of which proved leaky, so that the Water in them was lost. When their Victuals failed, the Providence of God sent them a supply by causing Dolphins to come near to the Ves|sel, and that still as their wants were greatest, nor could they catch more than would serve their present turn. But still their misery upon them was great, through their want of Wa|ter. Sometimes they would expose their Ves|sels Page 24 to take the Rain-water, but oft when it Rained the Winds were so furious, that they could save little or no Rain, yet so it fell out that when they came near to the Latitude of Barmudas they saved two Barrels of Rain|Water, which caused no little joy amongst them. But the Rats did unexpectedly eat holes through the Barrels, so that their water was lost again. Once when a shower of Rain fell they could save but a pint, which though it was made bitter by the Tar, it seemed very sweet to them. They divided this pint of Rain-Water amongst seven, drink|ing a thimble full at a time, which went five times about and was a great refreshing to them. On January 27. a good shower of Rain fell; that so they might be sure to save some Water, and not be again deprived there|of by the Rats; they layed their Shirts open to the Rain, and wringing them dry, they ob|tained seven Gallons of Water, which they put into Bottles, and were for a time much refreshed thereby. But new straits come upon them. They endeavoured to catch the Rats in the Vessel, and could take but three or four, which they did eat, and it seemed de|licate meat to their hungry Souls. But the Torment of their Drought was insufferable. Sometimes for a Week together they had not Page 25 one drop of fresh water. When they killed a Dolphin they would open his Belly and suck his blood a little to relieve their thirst. Yea, their thirst was so great that they fell to drink|ing of salt-water. Some drank several Gal|lons, but they found that it did not allay their thirst. They greedily drank their own Urine when they could make any. They would go over-board with a Rope fastned to their bodies, and put themselves into the wa|ter, hoping to find some refreshment thereby. When any of them stood to steer the Vessel, he would think a little to refresh himself by having his feet in a pail of Sea-Water. In this misery some of the Sea-men confessed that it was just with God thus to afflict them, in that they had been guilty of wasting good drink, and of abusing themselves therewith before they came to Sea. The divine Pro|vidence so ordered, that on February 7, they met with a Vessel at Sea, which hapned to be a Guiny Man (Samuel Richard Master) their Boat was become leaky, that they could not go aboard, if it had been to save their lives. But the Master of the other Vessel under|standing how it was with them, very courte|ously sent his own Boat to them, with ten pieces of Guiny Beef, two ankors of fresh wa|ter, and four bushels of Guiny Corn, whereby Page 26 they were sustained until they arrived at Bar|badoes; being weak and spent with their hard|ships, but within a fortnight they were all re|••vered, and came the next Summer to New|England. This Account I received from the Mate of the Vessel, whose Name is Joseph But••er.
Remarkable also, is the preservation of which some belonging to Dublin in Ireland had Experience; whom a New-England Vessel providentially met, in an open Boat, in the wide Sea, and saved them from perishing. Concerning which memorable Providence, I have received the following Narrative: A Ship of Dublin burdened about seventy Tuns Andrew Bennet Master, being bound from Dublin to Virginia; this Vessel having been some Weeks at Sea, onward of their Voyage, and being in the Latitude of 39. about 150 Leagues distant from Cape God in New-En|gland, on April 18. 1681. a day of very stor|my Weather, and a great Sea, suddenly there sprang a Plank in the fore part of the Ship, about six a Clock in the morning: where|upon the Water increased so fast in the Ship, that all their endeavours could not keep her from sinking above half an hour: so when the Ship was just sinking, some of the Com|pany Page 27 resolved to lanch out the Boat, which was a small one. They did accordingly, and the Master, the Mate, the Boat-swain, the Cook, two Fore-mast-men and a Boy, kept such hold of it, when a Cast of the Sea sud|denly helped tem off with it, that they got into it. The heaving of the Sea now sudden|ly thrust them from the Ship, in which there were left nineteen Souls, viz. 16 Men and three Women; who all perished in the migh|ty Waters, while they were trying to make Rafters by cutting down the Masts, for the preservation of their lives, as long as might be. The seven in the Boat apprehended themselves to be in a condition little better then that of them in the Ship, having neither Sails nor Oars, neither Bread nor Water, and no Instrument of any sort, except a Knife and a piece of Deal-board, with which they made sticks, and set them up in the sides of the Boat, and covered them with some Irise|Cloth of their own Garments, to keep off the spray of the Sea, as much as could be by so poor a matter. In this condition they drave with an hard Wind and high Sea all that day, and the night following. But in the next morning about six a Clock, they saw a Ketch (the Master whereof was Mr. Edmund Hen, field of Salem in New-England) under Sail, Page 28 which Ketch coming right with them, too• them up and brought them safe to New-En|gland. And it is yet further remarkable, that when the Ship Foundred, the Ketch which saved these persons was many Leagues to the Westward of her, but was by a contrary Wind caused to stand back again to the East, ward where these distressed persons were (as hath been said) met with, and relieved.
Another Remarkable Sea-Deliverance, like unto this last mentioned, hapned this pre|sent year; the Relation whereof take as fol|loweth. A Ship Called the Swallow, Thomas Welden of London Master; on their Voyage from St. Christophers towards London, did on March 23. last (being then about the Latitude of 42.) meet with a violent Storm. That Storm somewhat allayed, the Ship lying in the trough of the Sea, her Rudder broke away. Whereupon the Mariners veered out a Cable, and part of a Mast to steer by; but that not answering their expectation, they took an Hogs-head of Water, and fastned it to the Cable to steer the Ship; that also failing, they laid the Ship by: (as the Sea-mens phrase is) And on March 25. an exceeding great Storm arose, which made the Vessel ly down with her Hatches under Water, in which conditi|on Page 29 on the continued about two hours, and having much Water in the Hold, they found no o|ther way to make her rise again, but by cutting down her Masts, and accordingly her Main|mast and her Mizen-mast being cut down, the Ship righted again. The Storm continu|ing, on March 28. the Ship made very bad Steeridge, by reason of the loss of her Rudder and Masts, The Sea had continual passage over her, and one Sea did then carry away the Larbord quarter of the Ship, and brake the side from the Deck, so that there was an open passage for the Sea to come in at that Breach; and notwithstanding their endea|vours to stop it with their Bedding, Cloathes, &c. so much Water ran in by the sides of the Ship, that it was ready to sink. Now all hopes of saving their lives being gone; the Divine Providence so ordered, that there appeared a Vessel within sight, which hapned to be a French Ship bound from St. John de luce to Grand Placentia in New-found Land; this Vessel took in the distressed English-men, car|ried them to Grand Placentia, from whence the Master and sundry of the Mariners pro|cured passage in a Ketch bound for Boston in New-England. There did they arrive June 21. 1683. declaring how they had seen the wonders of God in the deep, as hath been ex|pressed.
Page 30 There was another memorable Sea-Del•|verance like unto these two last. The per|sons concerned in it being now gone out of the World, I have not met with any who per|fectly remember the particular year wherein that remarkable Providence hapned; only that it was about twenty two years ago: when a Ship (William Laiton Master) bound from Pascataqua in New-England to Barbadoes, be|ing 250 Leagues off from the Coast, spran• a leak. They endeavoured what they could to clear her with their Pump for fourteen hours. But the Vessel filling with Water, they were forced (being eight persons) to be take themselves to their Boat, taking with them a good supply of Bread, and a pot of Butter. The Master declaring that he was perswaded they should meet with a Ship a• Sea that would relieve them: but they ha• little Water, so that their allowance was at last a spoonful in a Day to each man. In this Boat did they continue thus distressed for 19 dayes together. After they had been twelve dayes from the Vessel, they met with a Storm which did very much endanger their lives, yet God preserved them. At the end of eigh|teen dayes a flying Fish fell into their Boat, and having with them an Hook and Line, they made use of that Fish for Bait, whereby Page 31 they caught two Dolphins. A Ship then at Sea, whereof Mr. Samuel Scarlet was Com|mander, apprehending a Storm to be near, that so they might fit their Rigging in order to entertain the approaching Storm, suffered their Vessel to drive right before the Wind; and by that means they hapned to meet with this Boat full of distressed Sea-men. Cap|tam Scarlet's Vessel was then destitute of Pro|vision; only they had on board Water e|nough and to spare. When the Mariners first saw the Boat, they desired the Master not to take the Men in, because they had no Bread nor other Victuals for them; so that by re|ceiving eight more into their Company, they should all die with Famine. Captain Scarlet who as after he left using the Sea, he gave ma|ny demonstrations both living and dying of his designing the good of others, and not his own particular Advantage only, did at this time manifest the same Spirit to be in him; and therefore would by no means hearken to the selfish suggestions of his Men, but replied to them, (as yet not knowing who they were) It may be these distressed Creatures are our own Countrey-men, or if not, they are Men in misery, and therefore whatever come of it, I am resolved to take them in, and to trust in God who is able to deliver us all. Nor did Page 32 God suffer him to lose any thing by this No|ble Resolution. For as in Captain Scarlet's Ship there was Water which the Men in the Boat wanted, so they in the Boat had Bread and the two Dolphins lately caught, whereby all the Ships Company were refreshed. And within few dayes they all arrived safe in New|England.
A further Account of some other Remarkable Preservations. Of a Child that had part of her Brains struck out, and yet lived and did well. Remarkable Deliverances of some in Windsor Of several in the late Indian War. The Rela|tion of a Captive. Skipper How's Memorable Preservation. Several Examples somewat pa|rallel, wherein others in other parts of the World were concerned.
BEsides those notable Sea-Deliverances which have been in the former Chapter Related, many other memorable Providences and Preservations have hapned. A multi|tude of Instances to this purpose are now lost in the Grave of Oblivion, because they were not Recorded in the season of them. But Page 33 such Observables as I have been by good hands acquainted with, I shall here further Relate.
Remarkable was the Preservation and Re|storation which the gracious providence of God vouchsafed to Abigail Eliot, the Daugh|ter of Elder Eliot of Boston in New-England; concerning whom a near and precious Rela|tion of hers, informs me, that when she was a Child about five years old, playing with o|ther Children under a Cart an iron hinge be|ing sharp at the lower end hapned to strike her head between the right Ear and the Crown of her Head, and pierced into the skull and Brain. The Child making an out|cry, the Mother came; and immediately drew out the Iron, and thereupon some of the Brains of her Child which stuck to the Iron, and other bits were scattered on her Forehead. Able Chyrurgeons were sent for; in special Mr. Oliver and Mr. Prat. The Head being uncovered, there appeared just upon the place where the Iron pierced the Skull, a bunch as big as a small Egg. A que|stion arose, whether the skin should not be cut and dilated from the Orifice of the Wound to the Swelling, and so take it away. This Mr. Prat inclined unto, but Mr. Oliver op|posed, pleading that then the Air would get to the Brain, and the Child would presently Page 34 die. Mr. Oliver was desired to undertake the Cure. And thus was his operation. He gently drove the soft matter of the bunch un|to the Wound, and pressed so much out as well he could; there came forth about a spoonful, the matter which came forth was Brains and Blood (some curdles of Brain were white and not stained with Blood) so did he apply a Plaister. The Skull wasted where it was pierced to the bigness of an half Crown piece of Silver or more. The skin was exceeding tender, so that a Silver Plate like the skull was alwayes kept in the place to defend it from any touch or injury. The Brains of the Child did swell and swage ac|cording to the Tides. When it was Spring Tide, her Brain would heave up the tender skin, and fill the place sometimes. When it it was Nip Tide, they would be •unk and fallen within the skull. This Child lived to be the Mother of two Children. And (which is marvelous) she was not by this Wound made defective in her Memory o• Understanding.
In the next place, we shall take notice of some Remarkable Preservations which sundry in Windsor in New-England have experienced; the Persons concerned therein being desirous Page 35 that the Lords goodness towards them may be ever had in Remembrance: wherefore a faithful hand has given me the following ac|count. January 13. 1670, Three Women, viz. the Wives of Lieut. Filer, and of John Drake, and of Nathaniel Lomas, having cros|sed Connecticut River upon a necessary and neighbourly account, and having done the work they went for, were desirous to return to their own Families; the River being at that time partly shut up with Ice old and new, and partly open. There being some pains taken aforehand to cut a way through the Ice, the three Women abovesaid got into 〈◊〉 Canoo, with whom also there was Nathaniel|Bissel, and an Indian. There was likewise another Canoo with two men in it, that went before them to help them in case they should meet with any distress, which indeed quickly came upon them; for just as they were get|ting out of the narrow passage between the Ice, being near the middle of the River, a great part of the upper Ice came down upon them, and struck the end of their Canoo, and broke it to pieces; so that it quickly sunk under them: the Indian speedily got upon the Ice, but Nathaniel Bissel, and the abovesaid Women were left floating in the Middle of the River, being cut off from all manner of Page 36 humane help besides what did arise from themselves, and the two men in the little Canoo, which was so small that three persons durst seldom, if ever, venture in it, they were indeed discerned from one shore, but the dan|gerous Ice would not admit from either shore, one to come near them. All things thus circumstanced, the suddenness of the stroke and distress (which is apt to amaze men, especially when no less then life is con|cerned) the extream coldness of the weather, it being a sharp season, that persons out of the water were in danger of freezing, the unapt|ness of the persons to help themselves, being mostly Women, one big with Child, and near the time of her Travel (who was also carried away under the Ice) the other as unskill'd and unactive to do any thing for self-preser|vation as almost any could be, the Waters deep, that there was no hope of footing, no passage to either shore, in any eye of reason, neither with their little Canoo, by reason of the Ice, nor without it, the Ice being thin and rotten, and full of holes. Now, that all should be brought off safely without the loss of life, or wrong to health, was counted in the day of it a Remarkable Providence. To say, how it was done, is difficult, yet something of the manner of the Deliverance may be menti|oned Page 37 the abovesaid Nathaniel Bissel perceiving their danger, and being active in swimming, endeavoured what might be, the preservation of himself, and some others, he strove to have swum to the upper Ice, but the Stream being too hard, he was forced downwards to the lower Ice, where by reason of the slippe|riness of the Ice, and disadvantage of the Stream, he found it difficult getting up; at length by the good hand of providence, being gotten upon the Ice, he saw one of the Wo|men swimming down under the Ice, and per|ceiving an hole, or open place, some few Rods below, there he waited, and took her up as she swum along. The other two Wo|men were in the River, till the two Men in the little Canoo came for their relief; at length all of them got their heads above the Water, and had a little time to pause, though a long, and difficult, and dangerous way to any shore, but by getting their little Canoo upon the Ice, and carrying one at a time o|ver hazardous Places, they did (though in a long while) get all safe to the shore, from whence they came.
Remarkable also, was the Deliverance which John and Thomas Bissel of Windsor a|foresaid, did at another time receive. John Page 38 Bissel on a Morning about break of day ta|king Nails out of a great Barrel wherein was a considerable quantity of Gun-Powder, and Bullets, having a Candle in his hand, the Powder took fire, Thomas Bissel was then put|ting on his clothes, standing by a Window, which though well fastened, was by the force of the Powder carried away at least four Rods; the Partition-wall from another Room was broken in pieces; The roof of the House opened and slipt of the Plates about five foot down; also the great Girt of the House at one end broke out so far, that it drew from the Summer to the end, most of its Tenant: the Woman of the House was ly|ing sick, and another Woman under it in bed, yet did the divine Providence so order things as that no one received any hurt, excepting John Bissel, who fell through two Floors into a Cellar his shoes being taken from his feet, and found at twenty foot distance, his hands and his face very much scorched, without any other wound in his body.
It would fill a Volume to give an account of all the memorable Preservations in the time of the late War with the Indians.
Remarkable was that which hapned to Jabes Musgrove of Newbery, who being shot Page 39 by an Indian, the Bullet entred in at his Ear and went out at his Eye, on the other side of his Head, yet the Man was preserved from Death, yea, and is still in the Land of the living.
Likewise several of those that were taken Captive by the Indians are able to relate af|fecting Stories concerning the gracious Provi|dence of God, in carrying them through many Dangers and Deaths, and at last setting their feet in a large place again. A Worthy Person hath sent me the Account which one lately belonging to Deerfield, (his name is Quintin Stockwell,) hath drawn up re|specting his own Captivity and Redempti|on, with the more notable Occurrences of Divine Providence attending him in his di|stress, which I shall therefore here insert in the Words by himself expressed: He Relateth asfollowes;
Thus far is this poor Captives Relation concerning the changes of Providence which passed over him.
There is one Remarkable passage more, affirmed by him: For he saith, that in their Travails they came to a place where was a great Wigwam (i.e. Indian House) at both ends was an Image; here the Indians in the War time were wont to Powaw (i.e. invo|cate the Devil) and so did they come down to Hatfield, one of the Images told them they should destroy a Town; the other said no, Page 58 half a Town. This god (said that Indian) speaks true, the other was not good, he told them lies. No doubt but others are capable of declaring many passages of Divine Pro|vidence no less worthy to be Recorded than these last recited; but inasmuch as they have not been brought to my hands, I proceed to another Relation.
Very Memorable was the Providence of God towards Mr. Ephraim How of New-Ha|ven in New-England, who was for an whole twelve Moneth given up by his Friends as a dead Man, but God preserved him alive in a desolate Island where he had suffered Ship|wrack, and at last returned him home to his Family.
The History of this Providence might have been mentioned amongst Sea-Delive|rances, yet considering it was not only so, I shall here Record what himself (being a god|ly man) did relate of the Lords marvelous dispensations towards him, that so others might be incouraged to put their trust in God, in the times of their greatest straits and difficulties.
On the 25. of August, in the year 1676. the said Skipper How with his two eldest Sons set sail from New-Haven for Boston in a small Page 59 Ketch, Burden 17 Tun or thereabout: Af|ter the Dispatch of their Business there, they set Sail from thence for New-Haven again, on the 10th of September following: but contra|ry Winds forced them back to Boston, where the said How was taken ill with a violent flux, which Distemper continued near a Moneth, many being at that time sick of the same Disease, which proved mortal to some. The merciful Providence of God having spared his life, and restored him to some measure of health; he again set Sail from Boston, Octo|ber 10. By a fair Wind they went forward so as to make Cape Cod; but suddenly the Weather became very Tempestuous, so as that they could not seize the Cape, but were forced off to Sea; where they were endan|gered in a small Vessel by very fearful Storms and outragious Winds and Seas. Also, his Eldest Son fell sick and died in about eleven dayes after they set out to Sea. He was no sooner dead, but his other Son fell sick and died too. This was a bitter Cup to the good Father. It is noted in I Chron.7.22. that when the Sons of Ephraim were dead, Ephraim their Father mourned many dayes, and his Brethren came to comfort him. This Ephraim when his Sons were Dead his Friends on Shore knew it not, nor could they come to comfort him. Page 60 But when his Friends and Relations could not, the Lord himself did: for they died af|ter so sweet, gracious and comfortable a man|ner, as that their Father professed he had joy in parting with them. Yet now their out|ward distress and danger was become greater, since the Skipper's two Sons were the only help he had in working the Vessel. Not long after, another of the Company, viz. Cale•Jones (Son to Mr. William Jones one of the Worthy Magistrates in New-Haven) fell sick and died also, leaving the World with com|fortable manifestations of true Repentance towards God, and Faith in Jesus Christ. Thus the one half of their Company was taken a|way, none remaining but the Skipper him|self, one Mr. Augur, and a Boy. He him|self was still sickly, and in a very weak estate, yet was fain to stand at the Helm 36 hours, and 24 hours at a time; in the mean time the boisterous Sea overwhelming the Vessel, so as that if he had not been lasht fast, he had certainly been washed over-board. In this Extremity, he was at a loss in his own thoughts, whether they should persist in stri|ving for the New-England Shore, or bear a|way for the Southern Islands. He proposed that Question to Mr. Augur, they resolved that they would first seek to God by Prayer Page 61 about it, and then put this difficult case to an issue, by casting a Lot. So they did; and the Lot fell on New-England. By that time a Moneth was expired, they lost the Rudder of their Vessel, so that now they had nothing but God alone to reply upon. In this deplo|rable state were they for a fortnight. The Skipper (though infirm (as has been expres|sed) yet for six weeks together, was hardly ever day; nor had they the benefit of warm Food for more then thrice or thereabouts. At the end of six weeks, in the Morning betimes, the Vessel was driven on the Tail|ings of a ledge of Rocks, where the Sea broke violently; looking out they espied a dismal Rocky Island to the Leeward, upon which if the Providence of God had not by the Breakers given them timely warning, they had been dashed in pieces. And this extremity was the Lords opportunity to ap|pear for their deliverance; they immediately let go an Anchor, and get out the Boat; and God made the Sea calm. The Boat proved leaky; and being in the midst of fears and amazements they took little out of the Ves|sel. After they came ashoar they found themselves in a rocky desolate Island (near Cape Sables) where was neither Man nor Beast to be seen, so that now they were in Page 62 extream danger of being starved to Death. But a Storm arose which beat violently upon the Vessel at Anchor, so as that it was staved in pieces; and a Cask of Powder was brought ashore, (receiving no damage by its being washed in the Water) also a Barrel of Wine; and half a Barrel of Molosses, together with many things useful for a Tent to preserve them from cold. This notwithstanding, new and great distresses attended them. For though they had Powder and Shot, there were seldom any Fowls to be seen in that Dismal and Desolate place, excepting a few Crows, Raven• and Gulls. These were so few as that for the most part, the Skipper shot at one at a time. Many times half of one of these Fowls with the Liquor made a Meal for three. Once they lived five dayes with|out any Sustenance, at which time they did not feel themselves pincht with hunger as at other times; the Lord in mercy taking away their appetites, when their Food did utterly fail them. After they had been about twelve Weeks in this miserable Island, Mr. Hows dear Friend and Consort Mr, Augur Died; so that he had no living creature but the Lad before mentioned to converse with: And on April 2. 1677. that Lad Died also, so that the Master was now left alone upon the Page 63 Island, and continued so to be above a quar|ter of a year, not having any living Soul to converse with. In this time he saw several Fishing Vessels Sailing by, and some came nearer the Island than that which at last took him in; but though he used what means he could that they might be acquainted with his Distress, none came to him, being afraid: for they supposed him to be one of those Indi|ans who were then in Hostility against the English. The good Man whilest he was in his Desolate Estate, kept many dayes of Fast|ing and Prayer, wherein he did confess and bewail his Sins, the least of which deserved greater Evils than any in this World ever were on can be subject unto; and begged of God that he would find out a way for his Deliverance. At last it came into his mind, that he ought very solemnly to praise God (as well as pray unto him) for the great mercies and signal preservations which he had thus far experienced. Accordingly he set apart a day for that end, spending the time in giving thanks to God for all the mer|cies of his Life, so far as he could call them to mind, and in special for those Divine Fa|vours which had been mingled with his af|flictions; humbly blessing God for his Page 64 wonderful goodness in preserving him alive by a Miracle of Mercy. Immediately after this, a Vessel belonging to Salem in New-En|gland providentially passing by that Island, sent their Boat on shore, and took in Skipper How, who arrived at Salem, July 18. 1677. and was at last returned to his Family in New-Haven.
Upon this occasion it may not be amiss to commemorate a Providence not altoge|ther unlike unto the but now related preser|vation of Skipper How. The Story which I intend is mentioned by Mandelsloe in h•• Travails, Page 280. and more fully by Mr.Clark in his Examples, Vol. 2. Page 618. Mr.Burton in his Prodigies of Mercies, Page 209. yet inasmuch as but few in this Countrey have the Authors mentioned, I shall here in|sert what has been by them already pub|lished.
The Story is in brief as followeth:
Hereunto the Man Answered;
I am an English Man, that about a Year ago, was to pass in the Ordinary Passage. Boat from England to Dublin in Ireland; but by the way we were taken by a French P•|rate, who being immediately forced by a Tempest, which presently arose, to let our Boat go; we were three of us in it, left to the mercy of the Wind and Waves, which carried us between Ireland and Scot|land,Page 67 into the main Sea: In the mean time we had neither Food nor Drink, but only some Sugar in the Boat; upon this we li|ved, and drank our own Urine, till our bo|dies were so dried up, that we could make no more: whereupon one of our Company being quite spent, died; whom we heaved overboard: and a while after a second was grown so feeble, that he had laid himself a|long in the Boat, ready to give up the Ghost: But in this extremity it pleased God that I kenned this Island afar off, and thereupon encouraged the dying man to rouse up himself, with hopes of life: and accordingly, upon this good news, he raised himself up, and by and by our Boat was cast upon this Island, and split against a Rock.
Now we were in a more wretched con|dition than if we had been swallowed up by the Sea, for then we had been delivered out of the Extremities we were now in for want of Meat and Drink; yet the Lord was pleased to make some provision for us: for on the Island we took some Sea-mews, which we did eat raw: We found also in the holes of the Rocks, upon the Sea-side, some Eggs; and thus had we through Gods good Providence wherewithal to subsist, as much as would keep as from starving: but Page 68 what we thought most unsupportable, was thirst, in regard that the place afforded no fresh Water but what fell from the Clouds, and was left in certain Pits, which time had made in the Rock. Neither could we have this at all seasons, by reason that the Rock being small, and lying low, in stormy Wea|ther the Waves dashed over it, and filled the Pits with Salt Water.
When they came first upon the Island a|bout the midst of it, they found two long Stones pitched in the Ground, and a third laid upon them, like a Table; which they judged to have been so placed by some Fishermen to dry their Fish upon; and un|der this they lay in the nights, till with some Boards of their Boat, they made a kind of an Hutt to be a shelter for them. In this condition they lived together, for the space of about six Weeks, comforting one ano|ther, and finding some ease in their com|mon calamity: till at last one of them be|ing left alone, the burden became almost insupportable: For one day, awaking in the Morning he missed his Fellow, and getting up, he went calling and seeking all the island about for him, but when he could by no means find him, he fell into such de|spair, that he often resolved to have cast, Page 69 himself down into the Sea, and so to put a final Period to that affliction, whereof he had endured but the one half, whilst he had a Friend that divided it with him. What became of his Comrade he could not guess, whether despair forced him to that extre|mity, or whether getting up in the night, not fully awake, he fell from the Rock, as he was looking for Birds Eggs: for he had discovered no distraction in him, neither could imagine that he could on a sudden fall into that despair, against which he had so fortified himself by frequent and fervent Prayer. And his loss did so affect the Sur|viver, that he often took his beer, with a purpose to have leaped from the Rocks in|to the Sea, yet still his Conscience stopped him, suggesting to him, that if he did it, he would be utterly damned for his self-Mur|ther.
Another Affliction also befel him, which was this; his only Knife wherewith he cut up the Sea-Dogs and Sea-Mews, having a bloody cloth about it, was carried away (as he thought) by some fowl of Prey; so that, not being able to kill any more, he was reduced to this extremity, with much difficulty to get out of the Boards of his Hutt, a great Nail, which he made shift so Page 70 to sharpen upon the Stones, that it served him instead of a Knife. When Winter came on, he endured the greatest misery imaginable: for many times the Rock and his Hutt were so covered with Snow, that it was not possible for him to go abroad to provide his Food; which extremity put him upon this Invention: he put out a little stick at the crevice of his Hutt, and bait|ing it with a little Sea-Dogs fat, by that means he got some Sea-Mews, which he took with his hand from under the Snow, and so kept himself from starving. In this sad and solitary condition, he lived for a|bout eleven Moneths, expecting therein to end his dayes, 〈◊〉 Gods gracious provi|dence sent this Ship thither, which delivered him out of the greatest misery that ever man was in. The Master of the Ship commiserating his deplorable condition, treated him so well, that within a few dayes he was quite another creature; and after|wards he set him a shore at Derry in Ire|land; and sometimes after he saw him at Dublin: where such as heard what had hap|ned unto him, gave him Money, where|withal to return into his Native Countrey of; England.
Thus far is that Relation.
Page 71 I have seen a Manuscript, wherein many memorable Passages of Divine Providence are Recorded. And this which I shall now mention amongst others.
About the Year 1638. A Ship fell foul upon the Rocks and Sands, called the Ran|cadories, sixty Leagues distant from the Isle of Providence. Ten of the floating Passengers got to a spot of Land, where having breathed awhile, and expecting to perish by Famine, eight of them chose rather to commit them|selves to the mercy of the waters; two only stood upon the spot of Land, one whereof soon died, and was in the Sands buried by his now desolate Companion. This solitary Person in the midst of the roaring Waters was encompassed with the goodness of Divine Providence. Within three dayes God was pleased to send this single person (who now alone, was Lord and Subject in this his little Common-wealth) good store of Fowl, and to render them so same, that the forlorn man could pick and chuse where he list. Fish also were now and then cast up within his reach, and somewhat that served for Fewel, •nkind|led by Flint to dress them. Thus lived that Insulary Anchorite for about two years, till at last having espied a Dutch Vessel, he held a rag of his Shirt upon the top of a stick towards Page 72 them, which being come within view of, they used means to fetch him off the Said-spot of Sand, and brought him to the Isle of Pro|vidence. The Man having in so long a time conversed only with Heaven, lookt at first very strangely, and was not able at first Con|ference promptly to speak and answer.
Concerning Remarkables about Thunder and Lightning. One at Salisbury in New-England struck dead thereby. Several at Marshfield. One at North-Hampton. The Captain of the Castle in Boston. Some Remarkables about Lightning in Rocksborough, Wenham, Marble|head, Cambridge. And in several Vessels at Sea. Some late parallel Instances, Of several in the last Century. Scripture Examples of Men stain by Lightning.
THere are who affirm that although ter|rible Lightnings with Thunders have ever been frequent in this Land, yet none were hurt thereby (neither Man nor Beast) for many years after the English did first settle in these American Desarts. But that of later years fatal and fearful slaughters have in that Page 73 way been made amongst us, is most certain. And there are many who have in this respect been as Brands plucked out of the burning, when the Lord hath overthrown others as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. Such solemn works of Providence ought not to be forgotten. I shall now therefore proceed in giving an account of Remarkables respecting Thunder and Lightning, so far as I have re|ceived credible Information concerning them; The Particulars whereof are these which follow:
In July 1654. A Man whose Name was Partridge (esteemed a very godly person) at Salisbury in New-England was killed with Thunder and Lightning, his House being first set on fire thereby, and himself with o|thers endeavouring the quenching of it, by a second crack of Thunder with Lightning (he being at the door of his House) was struck dead, and never spake more. There were ten other persons also that were struck and lay for dead at the present, but they all re|vived, excepting Partridge. Some that view|ed him, report that there were holes (like such as are made with shot) found in his Clothes, and Skin. One side of his Shirt and Body was scorched, and not the other. His House, though (as was said) set on fire by Page 74 the Lightning in divers places, was not burnt down, but preserved by an abundance of Rain falling upon it.
July 31. 1658. There hapned a Storm of Thunder and Lightning with Rain, in the Town of Marshfield in Plimouth Colony in New-England: Mr. Nathaneel Thomas, John Philips, and another belonging to that Town, being in the Field, as they perceived the Storm a coming, betook themselves to the next House for Shelter: John Philips sat down near the Chimney, his Face towards the inner Door. A black Cloud flying very low, 〈◊〉 of it there came a great Ball of Fire, with a terrible crack of Thunder; the Fire-ball fell down just before the said Philips, he seemed to give a start on his Seat, and so fell back|ward, being struck dead, not the least moti|on of life appearing in him afterwards. Cap|tain Thomas who sat directly opposite to John Philips, about six foot distance from him, and a young Child that was then within three foot of him, through the Providence of God received no hurt, Yet many Bricks in the Chimney were beaten down, the principal Rafters split, the Battens next the Chimney in the Chamber were broken, one of the main Posts of the House into which the Page 75 Summer was framed rent into shivers, and a great part of it was carried several Rod from the House, the Door before Philips, where the fire came down, was broken.
On the 28 of April A. D. 1664. A Com|pany of the Neighbours being met together at the House of Henry Condliff in North-Ham|pton in New-England, to spend a few hours in Christian Conferences, and in Prayer; there hapned a Storm of Thunder and Rain; and as the good Man of the House was at Prayer, there came a Ball of Lightning in at the roof of the House which set the Thatch on fire, grated on the Timber, pierced through the Chamber-floor, no breach being made on the Boards; only one of the jouy•es some|what rased; Matthew Cole (who was Son in Law to the said Condliff) was struck stone dead as he was leaning over a Table, and joyning with the rest in Prayer. He did not stir nor groan after he was smitten, but con|tinued standing as before, bearing upon the Table. There was no visible impression on his body or clothes, only the sole of one of his Shoes was rent from the upper Leather. There were about twelve persons in the Room; none else received any harm, only one Woman (who is still living) was struck upon the Head, which occasioned some deaf|ness Page 76 ever since. The Fire on the House was quenched by the seasonable help of Neigh|bours.
July 15. 1665. There were terrible cracks of Thunder. An House in Boston was struck by it, and the Dishes therein melted as they stood on the Shelves, but no other hurt done in the Town. Only Captain Davenport (a Worthy Man, and one that had in the Pequot War, ventured his life, and did great service for the Countrey) then resi|ding in the Castle where he commanded: having that day wrought himself weary, and thinking to refresh himself with sleep, was killed with Lightning, as he lay upon his Bed asleep. Several of the Souldiers in the Castle were struck at the same time; but God spared their lives. It has been an old Opinion mentioned by Plutarch (sympos. lib. 4. q.2.) that Men asleep are never smitten with Lightning; to confirm which it has been alledged, that one lying asleep, the Lightning melted the Money in his Purse without doing him any further harm: And that a Cradle, wherein a Child lay sleeping, was broken with the Lightning, and the Child not hurt; And that the Arrows of King Mithridates being near his Bed, were burnt with Lightning, and yet himself being Page 77 asleep received no hurt; but as much of all this, may be affirmed of persons awake. And this sad Example (Triste jaces lucis evitan|dumque B•dental) of Captain Davenport, whom the Lightning found and left asleep, does confute the vulgar error mentioned. And no doubt but that many the like Instan|ces to this have been known in the World, the Records whereof we have not. But I proceed:
June 23. 1666. In Marshfield, another dismal Storm of Rain with Thunder and Lightning hapned. There were then in the house of John Philips (he was Father of that John Philips who was slain by Lightning in the year 1658.) fourteen persons; the Wo|man of the house calling earnestly to shut the Door, that was no sooner done, but an astonishing Thunder-clap fell upon the house rent the Chimney, and split the Door. All in the house were struck. One of them (who is still living) saith, that when he came to himself, he saw the house full of Smoke, and perceived a grievous smell of Brimstone, and saw the fire ly scattered; though whether that fire came from Heaven or was violently hurled out of the Hearth, he can give no account. At first he thought Page 78 all the people present, except himself, ha• been killed. But it pleased God to revi•• most of them. Only three of them wer• mortally wounded with Heavens Arrows viz. the Wife of John Philips, and another of his Sons a young Man about twenty years old, and William Shertly, who had 〈◊〉 Child in his Arms, that received no hurt 〈◊〉 the Lightning when himself was slain. Th•Shertly was at that time a sojourner in John Philips his house; having been a little before burnt out of his own house. The Wife 〈◊〉 this Shertly was with Child and near her f•• time, and struck down for dead at present but God recovered her, so that she received no hurt, neither by fright nor stroke. Two little Children sitting upon the edge of a Ta|ble, had their lives preserved, though a Dog which lay behind them under the Table was killed.
In the same year (in the latter end of May) Samuel Ruggles of Rocksborough in New|England, going with a loaden Cart, was struck with Lightning. He did not hear the Thunder-clap, but was by the force of the Lightning e're he was aware, carried over his Cattle about ten foot distance from them. Attempting to rise up he found that he was not able to stand upon his right Leg, for his Page 79 right foot was become limber, and would bend any way, feeling as if it had no bone in it, nevertheless, he made a shift with the use of one leg to get to his Cattle (being an Horse and two Oxen) which were all killed by the Lightning. He endeavoured to take off the Yoak from the neck of one of the Oxen, but then he perceived that his thumb and two fingers in one hand were stupified that he could not stir them; they looked like cold clay, the blood clear gone out of that part of his hand. But by rubbing his woun|ded leg and hand, blood and life came into them again. As he came home pulling off his Stocking, he found that on the inside of his right Leg (which smarted much) the hair was quite burnt off, and it looked red. Just over his Ankle his Stocking was singed on the inside, but not on the outside, and there were near upon twenty marks about as big as pins heads, which the Lightning had left thereon. Likewise the Shoe on his left foot, was by the Lightning struck off his foot, and carried above two Rods from him. On the upper leather at the heel of the Shoe, there were five holes burnt through it, bigger than those which are made with Duck Shoe. As for the Beasts that were slain, the hair upon their skins was singed, so that one might Page 80 perceive that the Lightning had run winding and turning strangely upon their bodies, le•|ving little marks no bigger then Corns 〈◊〉 Gun-powder behind it. There was in the Cart a Chest which the Lightning pier•• through, as also through a quire of Paper and twelve Napkins, melting some pewter dish that were under them.
At another ••ne in Rocksborough, a Thunder Storm hapning, broke into the house of T••|mas Bishop, striking off some Clapboards, spl••|ting two Studs of the end Spar, and running down by each side of the Window, whe• stood a Bed with three Children in it. Ov•• the head of the Bed were three Guns and Sword, which were so melted with the Light|ning that they began to run. It made hole through the floor, and coming into lower room it beat down the shutter of th• Window, and running on a shelf of Pewter it melted several Dishes there; and descend|ing lower, it melted a Brass Morter, and a Brass Kettle. The Children in the Be• were wonderfully preserved: for a Lath 〈◊〉 the corner of it was burnt, and Splinters flew about their Clothes and Faces, and there was not an hands breadth between them and the fire, yet received they no hurt.
Page 81 On the 18 of May (being the Lords day) A.D. 1673. The People at Wenham (their worthy Pastor Mr. Antipas Newman being lately dead) prevailed with the Reverend Mr. Higginson of Salem, to spend that Sab|bath amongst them. The afternoon Sermon being ended, he with several of the Town went to Mr. Newman his House; whilest they were in discourse there, about the word and works of God, a Thunder storm arose. After a while a smart Clap of Thunder broke upon the House, and especially into the Room where they were sitting, and discoursing to|gether; It did for the present deafen them all, filling the Room with smoke, and ae strong smell as of Brimstone. With the Thunder-clap, came in a Ball of Fire •s big as the Bullet of a great Gun, which suddenly went up the Chimney, as also the Smoke did. This Ball of Fire was seen at the •eet of Richard Goldsmith, who sat on ae Leather Chair, next the Chimney, at which instant he fell off the Chair on the Ground. As soon as the Smoke was gone, some in the ••om endeavoured to hold him up, but found him dead; also the Dog that lay under the Chair was found stone dead, but not the least hurt done to the Chair. All that could be perceived by the Man, was, that the hair of Page 82 head near one of his Ears was a little singed. There were seven or eight in that room, and more in the next; yet (through the merciful providence of God) none else had the least harm. This Richard Goldsmith, who was thus slain, was a Shoemaker by Trade, be|ing reputed a good Man for the main; b•• had blemished his Christian Profession by frequent breaking of his promise, it being too common with him (as with too many Professors amongst us) to be free and for|ward in engaging but backward in perform|ing. Yet this must further be added, that half a year before his Death, God gave him a deep sence of his Evils, that he made it his business not only that his peace might be made with God, but with Men also, unto whom he had given just offence. He went up and down bewailing his great sin in pro|mise-breaking; and was become a very con|scientious and lively Christian, promoting holy and edifying Discourses, as he had occa|sion. At that very time when he was struck dead, he was speaking of some passages in the Sermon he had newly heard, and his last words were, blessed be the Lord.
In the same year, on the 21, of June, be|ing Saturday in the afternoon; another Page 83 Thunder-storm arose; during which Storm Josiah Walton (the youngest Son of Mr. William Walton late Minister of Marble-head) was in a Ketch coming in from Sea, and be|ing before the Harbours mouth, the Wind suddenly shifted to the Northward; a violent Gust of Wind coming down on the Vessel, the Seamen concluded to hand their Sails, Josiah Walton got upon the Main-yard to ex|pedite the matter, and foot down the Sail; when there hapned a terrible flash of Light|ning, which breaking forth out of the Cloud, struck down three Men who were on the Deck, without doing them any hurt; but Josiah Walton being (as was said) on the Main-yard, the Lightning shattered his Thigh|bone all in pieces, and did split and shiver the Main-mast of the Vessel, and scorcht the Rigging. Josiah Walton falling down upon the Deck, his Leg was broken short off. His Brother being on the Deck, did (with o|thers) take •him up, and found him alive, but sorely scorched and wounded. They brought him on shore to his Mothers House. At first he was very sensible of his case; and took leave of his Friends, giving himself to a serious preparation for another World. His Relations used all means possible for his re|covery; though he himself told them he was a Page 84 dead man, and the use of means would bu•• put him to more misery. His Bones were so shattered, that it was not possible for the Art of Man to reduce them; Also, the violent heat of the weather occasioned a Gangrene. In this misery he continued until the next Wednesday morning; and then departed this life; he was an hopeful young-man.
In the Year 1678. on the 29th. of June, at Cambridge in New-England; A Thunder|clap with Lightning broke into the next house to the Colledge. It tore away and shattered into pieces a considerable quantity of the Tyle on the Roof thereof. In one Room there then hapned to be the Wife of John Benjamin (Daughter to Thomas Swetman, the Owner of the House) who then had an In|fant about two Moneths old in her Arms; also another Woman. They were all of them struck; the Child being by the force of the Lightning carried out of the Mothers Arms, and thrown upon the Floor some distance from her. The Mother was at first thought to be dead, but God restored her, though she lost the use of her Limbs for some considera|ble time. Her feet were singed with the Lightning, and yet no sign thereof appearing on her Shoes. Also the Child and the other Page 85 Woman recovered. In the next room were seven or eight persons who received no hurt. It was above a• quarter of an hour before they could help the persons thus smitten, for the room was so full of Smoke (smelling like Brimstone) that they could not see them. Some Swine being near the Door as the Lightning fell, were thrown into the House, and seemed de•d awhile, but afterwards came to life again. A Cat was killed therewith. A Pewter Candlestick standing upon a joynt|stool; some part of it was melted and carried away before the Lightning, and stuck in the Chamber floor over head, like Swan shot, and yet the Candlestick it self was not so much as shaken off from the Stool whereon it stood.
June 12. 1680. There was an amazing Thunder-storm at Hampton in New-England. The Lightning fell upon the House of Mr. Joseph Smith, strangely shattering it in divers places. His Wife (the Grand-Daughter of that Eminent Man of God, Mr. Catton, who was the famous Teacher of the Church of Christ, first in Old, and then in New Boston) lay as dead for the present; being struck down with the Lightning, near the Chimney, yet God mercifully spared and restored her. But the said Smith his Mother (a gracious Woman) Page 86 was strvck dead and never recovered again.
Besides all these which have been menti|oned, one or two in Connecticut Colony, and four Persons dwelling in the Northern parts of this Countrey, were smitten with the fire of God, about sixteen years ago; the cir|cumstances of which Providences (though very Remarkable) I have not as yet recei|ved from those that were acquainted there|with; and therefore cannot here publish them. Also, some Remarkables about Thun|der hapned the last year.
A Reverend Friend in a Neighbour Colo|ny, in a Letter bearing August 3. 1682. Wri|teth thus;
We have had of late great Storms of Rain and Wind, and some of Thunder and Lightning, whereby Execution has been done, though with sparing mercy to Men: Mr. Jones his House is New-Haven, was broken into by the Light|ning, and strange work made in one Room espe|cially, in which one of his Children had been but a little before. This was done June 8. 1682. A little after which at Norwalk, there were nine working Oxen smitten dead at once, within a small compass of Ground. The next Moneth at Greenwich, there were seven Swine and a Dog killed with the Lightning, very near a dwelling Page 87 House, where a Family of Children (their Pa|rents not at home when Lightning hapned) were much frighted, but received no other hurt: what are these but warning pieces, shewing that Mens lives may go next? Thus he,
I proceed now to give an account of some late Remarkables about Thunder and Light|ning, wherein several Vessels at Sea were concerned.
July 17.1677. A Vessel whereof Mr. Tho|mas Berry was Master, set Sail from Boston in New-England, Bound for the Island of Ma|dera. About 3. h. P. M. being half way be|tween Cape Cod and Brewsters Islands, they were becalmed; and they perceived a Thunder|shower arising in the North-Northwest. The Master ordered all their Sails (except their two Courses) to be furled. When the shower drew near to them, they had only the fore|sail abroad; all the Men were busie in lash|ing fast the Long-boat; The Master was walking upon the Deck, and as he came near the Main-mast, he beheld something very black fly before him, about the bigness of a small Mast, at the Larboard side; and imme|diately he heard a dreadful and amazing noise, not like a single Canon, but as if great Page 88 Armies of Men had been firing one against another; presently upon which the Master was struck clear round, and fell down for dead upon the Deck, continuing so for about seven minutes; but then he revived, having his hands much burnt with the Lightning. The Ship seemed to be on fire; and a very great Smoke having a Sulphurous smell came from between the Decks; so that no man was able to stay there, for more than half an hour after this surprizing Accident hapned. The Main-mast was split from the Top-gal|lant-mast head to the lower Deck. The Partners of the Pump were struck up at the Star-board side, and one end of two Cabbins staved down betwixt Decks. Two holes were made in one of the Pumps about the bigness of two Musquet Bullets. They were forced to return to Boston again, in order to the fitting of the Vessel with a new Mast. Through the mercy of the most high, no person in the Vessel received any hurt, be|sides what hath been expressed. Yet it is Re|markable that the same day, about the same time, two Men in or near Wenham were kil|led with Lightning, as they sat under a tree in the Woods.
On June the sixth A. D. 1682. A Ship cal|led Page 89 the Jamaica Merchant, Captain Joseph Wild Commander, being then in the Gulph of Florida, Lat.27. gr. about I h. P. M. was surprized with an amazing Thunder shower; the Lightning split the Main-mast, and knocked down one of the Sea-men, and set the Ship on fire between Decks, in several places. They used utmost endeavour to ex|tinguish the fire, but could not do it; seeing they were unable to overcome those Flames, they betook themselves to their Boat. The fire was so furious between the Cabbin and the Deck in the Steeridge, that they could not go to the relief of each other, insomuch that a Man and his Wife were parted. The Man leaped over-board into the Sea, and so swam to the Boat: his Wife and a Child were taken out of a Gallery Window into the Boat. Three Men more were saved by leaping out of the Cabbin Window. There were aboard this Vessel which Heaven thus set on fire, thirty four persons; yet all escaped with their lives: For the gracious providence of God so ordered, as that Captain John Bennet was then in company, who received these distres|sed and astonished Creatures into his Ship: so did they behold the Vessel burning, until about 8 h. P. M. when that which remained sunk to the bottom of the Sea. The Master Page 90 with several of the Seamen were by Captain Bennet brought safe to New-England, where they declared how wonderfully they had been delivered from Death which God both by fire and water had threatned them with.
March 16. 1682. 3. A ship whereof Robert Luist is Master being then at Sea (bound for New-England) in Lat. 27.gr. about 2.h. A.M. it began to Thunder and Lighten. They be|held three Corpusants (as Mariners call them) on the Yards: The Thunder grew fiercer, and thicker than before. Suddenly their Ves|sel was filled with Smoke, and the smell of Brimstone, that the poor men were terrified with the apprehension of their Ships be|ing on fire. There came down from the Clouds a stream or flame of Fire as big as the Ships Mast, which fell on the middle of the Deck, where the Mate was standing, but then was thrown flat upon his back with three Men more that were but a little distance from him. They that were yet untouched, thought, not only that their fellow Mariners had been struck dead, but their Deck broken in pieces by that blow, whose sound seemed to them to exceed the report of many great Guns fired off at once. Some that were less dangerously hurt, made an Out-cry that their Page 91 legs were scalded; but the Mate lay spe•ch|lets and senseless. When he began to come to himself, he made sad complaints of a bur|den lying upon his back. When Day came, they perceived their Main-top-mast was split, and the Top-sail burnt. The Lightning seemed like small coals of fire blown over|board.
There is one Remarkable more about Thun|der and Lightning, which I am lately informed of by persons concerned therein; some cir|cumstances in the Relation being as wonder|full, as any of the preceding particulars. Thus it was: On July 24. in the Year 1681. The Ship called Alben••• (whereof Mr. Ed|ward Lad was then Master) being an hun|dred leagues from Cape Cod, in Lat. 48. about h. P. M. met with a Thunder Storm. The Lightning burnt the Main-top-sail, split the Main-cap in pieces, rent the Mast all along. There was in special one dreadful Clap of Thunder, the report bigger than of a great Gun, at which all the Ships Company were amazed; then did there fall something from the Clouds upon the stern of the Boat, which broke into many small parts; split one of the Pumps, the other Pump much hurt also. It was a Bituminous matter, smelling much like Page 92 fired Gun-powder. It continued burning in the stern of the Boat, they did with Stick• dissipate it, and poured much Water on it, and yet they were not able by all that they could do to extinguish it, until such time as all the matter was consumed. But the strangest thing of all, is yet to be mentioned, When night came, observing the Stars, they perceived that their Compasses were changed. As for the Compass in the Biddikil, the North point was turned clear South. There were two other Compasses unhung in the Locker, in the Cabbin. In one of which the North point stood South, like that in the Biddikil; as for the other, the North point stood West. So that they Sailed by a Needle whose Pola|rity was quite changed. The Seamen were at first puzled how to work their Vessel right, considering that the South point of their Compass was now become North, but after a little use, it was easie to them. Thus did they Sail a thousand Leagues. As for the Compass wherein the Lightning had made the Needle to point Westward, since it was brought to New-England the Glass being broke, it has by means of the Air coming to it, wholly lost its virtue. One of those Compasses which had quite changed the Polarity from North to South, is still extant in Boston; and at pre|sent Page 93 in my custody. The North point of the Needle doth remain fixed to this day, as it did immediately after the Lightning caused an alteration. The natural reason of which may be enquired into in the next Chapter: But before I pass to that, it may be, it will be grateful to the Reader, for me here to com|memorate some parallel Instances, which have lately hapned in other parts of the World, unto which I proceed, contenting my self with one or two Examples, reserving o|thers for the subsequent Chapter; where we shall have further occasion to take notice of them.
The Authors Ephemeridum Medico-Phys•ca|rum Germanicarum, have informed the World, that on August 14. 1669. it Thundred and Lightned as if Heaven and Earth would come together. And at the house of a Gentleman who lived near Bergen, the fiery Lightning flashed through four inner rooms at once, entring into a Beer Cellar, with its force it threw down the Earthen Vessels, with the Windows and Doors where it came: but the Tin and Iron Vessels were partly melted, and partly burnt with black spots remaining on them. Where it entred the Cellar, the Bar|rels were removed out of their right places; where it went out, it left the Taps shaking, Page 94 In one room the binding was taken off from the back of a Bible, and the Margin was an •uca•ely cut by the Lightning without hurt|ing the Letters, as if it had been done by the hands of some Artists: beginning at the R•|••lation, and (which is wonderful) endi•• with the twelfth Chapter of I Epistle to the Corinthians, which Chapter fell in course 〈◊〉 be expounded in publick the next Lords day••. Six Women sitting in the same Chimne• f•lled with a Sulphurous and choaking Mi•• that one could scarce breathe; not far from the Bed of a Woman that was then lying in, were struck down, the hangings of the room burnt, and the Mother of the Woman in Child-bed lay for dead at present; but after •while, the other recovering them sences, examined what hurt was done to the Woman thought to be dead: her Kerchief was burnt as if it had been done with Gun-powder she had about her a silver Chain, which was melted and broke into five parts: her under Garments were not so much as singed; but just under her Paps she was very much burnt. After she came to her self, she was very sen|sible of pain in the place where the Light|ning had cause that wound. To lenifie which Women. Milk was made ••se of. But Blisters arising, the dolour was increased Page 95 until a skilful Physician prescribed this Un|guent. R. Mucilag. Sem. Cydoniorum C. a•|Malv. extract half an Ounce. Succ.Plantag|rec. an ounce and half. Lytharg. aur. Subt. pert. half a drachm. m. ad. fict. whereby the inflamation was allayed.
By the same Authors, it is also Related, that in June A.D. 1671. an house was struck with Lightning in four places, in some places the Timber was split, and in other places had holes made in it, as if bored through with an Awger, but no impression of fire were any where to be seen. A Girl fifteen years old, fitting in the Chimney, was struck down and lay for dead, the space of half an hour. And it is probable, that she had never recovered, had not an able Physician been sent for, who viewing her, perceived that the Clothes a|bout her Breast were made to look blewish by the Lightning: It had also caused her Paps to look fiery and blackish, as if they had been scorched with Gun-powder. Under her Breast the Lightning had left creases, a cross her body, of a brownish colour. Also some creases made by the Lightning as broad as ones finger run along her left Leg reach|ing to her Foot. The Physician caused two spoonfuls of Apoplectick Water to be poured down her throat, upon which she instantly Page 96 revived, complaining of a great heat in her Jaws and much pain, in the places hurt by the Lightning. Half a drachm of Pulvis Bez•|atticus Anglicus, in the water of sweet Che•|vil was given to her, which caused a plent|ful sweat, whereby the pain in her Jaws wa• diminished. Being still feaverish, an emul|sion made with Poppy feed, Millet, Cardu• Benedictus, &c. was made use of, upon which the Patient had ease and recovered. It appears by this as well as other instances, that great care should be had of those that are Thunder-struck, that they be not given up for quite dead, before all means be used in order to their being revived. Paulus Zac|chias in Questionibus Medicis giveth Rule• whereby it may be known whether per|sons smitten with Lightning be dead, past all recovery or no. And the History put forth by Jacobus Javellus in an Epistle emitted with his Medicinae Compendium, describes the cure of persons struck with Lightning. I have not my self seen those Books; but who so shall see cause to obtain and consult them, will I suppose find therein things worth their reading and consideration. Something to this purpose I find in the Sc•o•ion on the Germ Ephem. for the year 1671. obs. 37. p. 69. The Reader that is desirous to see more Remark|able Page 97 Instances about Thunder and Lightning, wherein persons living in former age were concerned, if he please to look into Zuinger his Theatrum vit. Human. Vol. 2. Lib. 2. P. 322. & Lib. 7. P. 475, 545. & Vol. 3. Lib. I. P. 621. & Vol. 5. Lib. 4. P. 1371. he will find many notable and memorable passages which that industrious Author hath collected. Though none more awful (to my Remembrance) than that which hapned A.D. 1546. when Meckelen (a principal City in Braban.) was set on fire, and suffered a fearful Conflagra|tion by Lightning: So it was, that at the ve|ry time when this Thunder-Storm hapned, an Inn-keeper (whose Name was Croes) had in his house some Guests, who were playing at Cards. The Inn-keeper going into his. Wine-Celler to fetch Drink for his merry Guests, at that moment the furious Tempest plucked up the house and carried it a good way off. Every one of the Men that were playing at Cards were found dead with their Cards in their hands; only the Inn-keeper himself, being in the Wine-Cellar (which was arched) escaped with his Life.
This brings to mind a strange passage re|lated by Cardan (de variet Lib.8. C.43.) who saith, that eight men sitting down together under an Oak, as they were at Supper, a flash Page 98 of Lightning smote and slew them all; And they were found in the very posture that the Lightning surprized them in: one with the Meat in his Mouth, another seemed to be Drinking, another with a Cup in his hand, which he intended to bring to his Mouth, &c. They looked like Images made black with the Lightning.
As for Scripture Examples of Men slain by Lightning; it is the judgement of the Judicious and Learned Zuinger, that the So|domites & those 250 that being with Co••• in his Conspiracy presumed to offer Incense, Numb.16.35. And Nadah and Abihu, and the two Sem•centurions with their Souldiers, who came to apprehend the Prophet Elijah, were all killed by Lightning from Heaven.
Some Philosophical Meditations. Concerning Antipathies and Sympathies. Of the Loadstone. Of the Nature and Wonderful Effects of Light|ning. That Thunder-Storms are often caused by Satan; and sometimes by good Angels. Thun|der is the Voice of God, and therefore to be dreaded. All Places in the habitable World are subject to it more or less. No Amulets can pre|serve men from being hurt thereby. The misera|ble estate of Wicked Men upon this account, and the happiness of the Righteous, who may be above all disquieting fears, with respect unto such terrible Accidents.
HAving thus far Related many Remarka|ble Providences, which have hapned in these goings down of the Sun; and some of the particulars, (especially in the last Cha|pter) being Tragical Stories: The Reader must give me leave upon this occasion a little to divert and recreate my mind, with some Philosophical Meditations; and to conclude with a Theological Improvement thereof. There are Wonders in the Works of Crea|tion as well as Providence, the reason where|of the most knowing amongst Mortals, are Page 100 not able to comprehend. Dost thou know the ballancings of the Clouds, the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge? I have not yet seen any who give a satisfactory reason of those strange Fountains in New Spain, which Ebb and Flow with the Sea, though far from it; and which fall in Rainy Wea|ther, and rise in dry; or concerning that Pat|near St. Barthohmew's into which if one cast a stone though never so small, it makes a noise as great and terrible as a clap of Thunder. It is no difficult thing to produce a World of Instances, concerning which the usual An|swer is, an occult Quality is the cause of this strange operation, which is only a Fig-leaf whereby our common Philosophers seek to hide their own ignorance. Nor may we (with Erastus) deny that there are marvelous Sympathies and Antipathies in the natures of things. We know that the Horse does abo|minate the Camel; the mighty Elephant is afraid of a Mouse: And they say that the Lion, who scorneth to turn his back upon the stoutest Animal, will tremble at the Crowing of a Cock. Some Men also have strange Antipathies in their natures against that sort of Food which others love and live upon. I have read of one that could not endure to eat either Bread or Flesh. Of another that Page 101 sell into a Swoonding fit at the smell of a Rose. Others would do the like at the smell of Vineger, or at the sight of an Eel or a Frog. There was a Man that if he did hear the sound of a Bell, he would immediately die away. Another if he did happen to hear any one sweeping a Room, an inexpressible horror would sieze upon him. Another if he heard one whetting a Knife his Gumms would fall a bleeding. Another was not able to behold a Knife that had a sharp point, without being in a strange agony. Quercetus speaketh of one that died as he was sitting at the Table, only because an Apple was brought into his sight. There are some who if a Cat accidentally come into the Room, though they neither see it, nor are told of it, will presently be in a Sweat and ready to die away. There was lately one living in Stow|Market, that when ever it Thundred would fall into a violent Vomiting, and so continue until the Thunder-storm was over. A Woman had such an An•••athy against Cheese that if she did but eat a piece of Bread, cut with a Knife, which a little before had cut Cheese, it would cause a Deliquium, yet the same Woman when she was with Child de|lighted in no meat so much as in Cheese. There was lately (I know not but that he Page 102 may be living still) a Man that if Pork, or any thing made of Swines flesh were brought into the room, he would fall into a convu••|sive Sardonian Laughter; nor can he for h•• heart leave as long as that object is before him, so that if it should not be removed, he would certainly laugh himself to death. It is evident that the peculiar Antipathies of some persons are caused by the imaginations of their Parents. There was one that would fall into a Syncope if either a Calves-head or a Cabbage were brought near him. There were noevi materni upon the Hypocondria of this person, on his right side there was the form of a Calves head, on his left side a Cabbage imprinted there by the Imagi|nation of his Longing Mother. Most Wonderful is that which L•bavius and others report, concerning a Man that would be sur|prized with a Lipothymy at the sight of his own Son; nay, upon his approaching near unto him, though he saw him not, for which some assigned this reason, that the Mother when she was with Child, used to feed upon such Meats as were abominable to the Father (concerning the rationality of this con••ture see S•. Kenelm Digby's discourse of Bodies, P. 409, 410.) but others said that the Midwife who brought him into the World was a Page 103 Witch. No• are the Sympathies in Nature less Wonderful than the Antipathies. There is a mutual Friendship between the Olive tree and the Myrtle. There is a certain Stone called Pantarbe which draws Gold unto it. So does the Adamas hairs and twigs. The Sym|pathy between the Load-stone and Iron, which do mutually attract each other, is admirable. There is no Philosopher but speaketh of this. Some have published whole Treatises (both profitable and pleasant) upon this Argument; In special Gilbert, Ward, Cabeus, Kepler, and of late Kircherus. I know many Fabulous things have been related concerning the Load-stone by inexperienced Philosophers, and so belie|ved by many others, E. G. that Onions, or Garlick, or Ointments will cause it to lose its vertue. Johnston, (and from him Dr. Brown in his vulgar Errors) hath truly asserted the contrary. Every one knoweth that the head of a Needle touched therewith will continue pointing towards the North Pole: so that the Magnet leaveth an impression of its own nature and vertue upon the Needle, causing it to stand pointed as the Magnet it self doth. The Loadstone it self is the hardest Iron; and it is a thing known that such Mines are naturally so (notwithstanding the Report of one who saith, that lately in Devonshire, Load|stones Page 104 were found otherwise) posited in the Earth. Just under the Line the Needle lieth Parallel with the Horizon, but Sailing North or South it begins to incline and increase ac|cording as it approacheth to either Pole, and would at last endeavour to erect it self, whence some ascribe these strange effects to the North Star, which they suppose to be ve|ry magnetical. There is reason to believe that the Earth is the great Magnet. Hence (as Mr. Seller observes) when a Bar of Iron has stood long in a Window, that end of it which is next to the Earth will have the same vertue which the Load-stone it self has. Some place the first Meridian at the Azores, be|cause there the Needle varies not: but the like is to be said of some other parts of the World; yea under the very same Meridian in divers Latitudes there is a great variation as to the pointing of the Needle. It is affirmed, that between the shore of Ireland, France, Spain, Guiny, and the Azores, the North point varies towards the East, as some part of the Azores it deflecteth not. On the other side of the Azores, and this side of the AEquator, the North point of the Needle wheeleth to the West; so that in the Lat.36. near the shore, the variation is about 11 gr. but on the other side of the AEquator it is quite otherwise, for in Brasilia the South point Page 105 varies 12 gr. unto the West, but Elongating from the Coast of Brasilia toward the Shore of Africa it varies Eastward, and arriving at the Cape Delas Aquilas, it rests in the Meridian and looketh neither way. Dr. Brown in be Psudo|doxia Epidemica P. 63. does rationally suppose that the cause of this variation may be the ine|quality of the Earth variously disposed, and in|differently mixed with the Sea. The Needle driveth that way where the greater and most powerful part of the Earth is placed. For whereas on this side the Isles of Azores the Needle varies Eastward, it may be occasioned by that vast Tract, viz. Europe, Asia, and Africa, seated towards the East, and disposing the Needle that way. Sailing further it veers its lilly to the West, and regards that quarter wherein the Land is nearer or greater; and in the same La|titude, as it approacheth the shore augmenteth its variation. Hence at Rome there is a less va|riation (viz. but five degrees) than at London, for on the west side of Rome are seated the great Continents of France, Spain, Germany; but unto England there is almost no Earth West, but the whole extent of Europe and Asia lies Eastward, and therefore at London the varia|tion is 11 Degrees. Thus also, by reason of the great Continent of Brasilia, the Needle deflects towards the Land 12 Degrees; but at the Straits Page 106 of Magellan, where the Land is narrowed, and the Sea on the other side, it varies but 5 or 6. So because the Cape of De las Agullas hath Sea on both sides near it, and other Land remote, and as it were aequidistant from it, the Needle conforms to the Meridian, In certain Creeks and Vallies it proveth irregular; the reason whereof may be some vigorous part of the Earth not far distant. Thus D. Brown, whose arguings seem, rati|onal. Some have truly observed of Crocus Martis or Steel corroded with Vineger, Sul|phur, or otherwise, and after reverberated by Fire, that the Load-stone will not at all at|tract it: nor will it adhere, but ly therein like Sand. It is likewise certain, that the fire will cause the Load-stone to lose its vertue, inasmuch as its Bituminous Spirits are there|by evaporated. Porta (Lib.7. Cap. 7.) saith that he did to his great admiration see a Sul|phurous flame brake out of the Load-stone which being dissipated, the Stone lost it's at|tractive vertue. Moreover, the Load-stone by being put into the fire may be caused quite to change its polarity. The truly Noble and Honourable Robert Boyle Esq, many of whose excellent Observations and experiments have been advantagious, not only to the English Nation but to the Learned World; in his Book of the Usefulness of Experimental, Page 107 Natural Philosophy, Page 15. hath these words; Taking an Oblong Load-stone, and beating it red hot, I found the attractive faculty in not many minutes, either altogether abolisht, or at least so impaired and weakened, that I was scarce if at all able to discern it. But this hath been observed, though not so faithfully related, by more than one; wherefore I shall add, That by Refrigerating this red hot Load-stone either North or South, I found that I could give its extreams a Polarity (if I may so speak) which they would readily display upon an excited Needle freely placed in aequilibrium: And not only so, but I could by refrigerating the same end, some|times North, and sometimes South, in a very short time change the Poles of the Load-stone at pleasure, making that which was a quarter of an hour before the North Pole, become the South; and on the contrary, the formerly southern Pole become the northern. And this change was wrought on the Load-stone, not only by cooling it directly North and South, but by cooling it per|pendicularly: that end of it which was conti|guous to the Ground growing the Northern Pole, and so (according to the Laws Magnetical) drawing to it the South end; and that which was remotest from the contrary one: As if indeed the Terrestial Globe were as some Magnetic Philo|sophers have supposed it, but a great Magnes, Page 108since its effluvium's are able in some cases to im|part a magnetic faculty to the Load-stone it self, Thus far Mr. Boyle;
Also D. Brown shews, that if we erect a red hot Wire until it cool, then hang it up with Wax and untwisted Silk where the low|er end and that which cooled next the Earth does rest, that is the Northern point. And if a Wire be heated only at one end, according as the end is cooled upwards or downwards, it respecttively requires a verticity. He also observes, if a Load-stone be made red hot in the fire, it amits the magnetical vigor it had before, and acquireth another from the Earth, in its refrigeration, for that part which cool|eth next the Earth will acquire the respect of the North; the experiment whereof he made in a Load-stone of parallelogram or long square figure, wherein only inverting the ex|treams as it came out of the fire, he altered the Poles or faces thereof at pleasure. Unto some such reason as this, must the wonderful change occasioned by the Lightning in the Compasses of Mr. Lad's Vessel be ascribed: probably the heat of the Lightning caused the Needle to lose its vertue, and the Com|pass in the Bidikle might stand pointed to the South, and that unhung in the Locker to the West, when they grew cold again, and ac|cordingly Page 109 continue pointing so ever after.
There is also that which is very mysterious and beyond humane Capacity to compre|hend, in Thunder and Lightning. The Thun|der of his Power, who can understand? Also, Can any understand the spreadings of the Clouds, or the noise of his Tabernacle? Hence Elih• said (some Interpreters think there was a Thunder-storm at the very instant when those words were spoken) in Job 37. 5. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉He Thundreth marveils. It is indeed manifest that these wonderful Me|teors are generated out of a Nitrous and Sul|phurous Matter. Hence it is commonly out of dark and thick Clouds that Hall and coals of Fire break forth, Psal. 18. 11, 12. The Scent which the Lightning useth to leave be|hind it, in places where it falls, is a suf|ficient evidence of it's being of a Sulphurous nature. Nay the persons (as well as places) smit|ten there with have sometimes smelt strong of Brimstone. Two years ago there was a Ship riding at Anchor in a place in France, and a furious Tempest suddenly arising, the Main|Mast wes split in pieces with a Clap of Thun|der; the Pendant on the top of the Main|Top-Mast was burnt to Ashes, twelve Men were beat upon the Deck, five of which lay Page 110 for dead a considerable time, no Pulse o• Breath being perceived, their Eyes and Teeth Immovable, yet had they no visible wound, only an intolerable smell of Brimstone; a|bout half an hour after by rubbing and force|ing open their Mouths, and pouring down some Cordials, they recovered. At the same time six others were miserably burnt, their flesh being scorched, yet their Garments not so much as singed; their skin much disco|loured. See Mr. Burton's Miracles of Na|ture, Page 181.
Likewise, August 23. 1682. A Man walk|ing in the Field near Darkin in England, was struck with a Clap of Thunder. One who was near him, ran to take him up, but found him dead, and his body exceeding hot, and withal smelling so strong of Sulphur that he was forced to let him ly a considerable time ere he could be removed. It is report|ed, that sometimes Thunder and Lightning has been generated out of the Sulphurous and Bituminous matter which the fiery Mountain AEina hath cast forth, We know that when there is a mixture of Nitre, Sulph••, and un|slaked Lime, Water will cause fire, to break out. And when unto Nitre Brimstone is added, a Report is caused thereby. And un|questionably, Page 111Nitre is a special ingredient in the matter of Thunder and Lightning; This we may gather from the descension of the flame, which descends not only obliquely but perpendicularly, and that argues it does so not from any external force, but naturally, Mr. William Clark in his natural History of Nitre, observes that if the quantity of an ounce be put in a fire-shovel, and a live coal put upon it, the fire-shovel in the bottom will be red hot, and burn through whatever is under it; which demonstrates that this sort of fire does naturally burn downwards, when as all other fires do naturally ascend. For this cause Stella cadens is rationally concluded to be a Nitrous Substance; the like is to be affirmed of the Lightning. H•nce also is its terrible and irres••table force. The Nitre in Gun|powder is as the aforesaid Author expresseth it Anima Pyri• Pulver••, Sulphur without Salt Peter has no powerful expulsion with it. The discharging great pieces of Ordnance is fitly called Artificial Thundering and Lightning, since thereby Men do in a moment blow up Hou|ses, beat down Castles, batter Mountains in pieces. So that there is nothing in nature does so admirably and Artificially resemble the Thunder and Lightning, both in respect of the Report, and th• terrible, and sudden Page 112 and amazing execution done thereby: Flammas Jovis & sonitus imitatur Olympi: Hence as those that are shot with a Bullet do not hear the Gun, being struck before the report cometh to their Ears; so is it usually with them that are Thunder-struck, the light|ning is upon them before the noise is heard. Men commonly tremble at the dreadful crack when as, if they hear any thing, the danger useth to be past as to that particular Thun|der-clap; though another may come and kill them before they hear it. The Nitre in the Lightning may likewise be esteemed the na|tural cause of its being of so penetrating and burning a nature. For there is not the like fiery substance in the World again as Nitre is. Many have been of the Opinion that there is a Bolt or Stone descending with the Thunder, but that's a vulgar Error, The Fulmen or Thunder-bolt is the same with the Lightning, being a Nitro-sulphurious Spirit. It must needs be a more subtile and spiritual body than any Stone is of, that shall penetrate so as these Meteors do, Its true that our Translation reads the words in Psal. 78.41. He gave their Flocks to hot Thunder-bolts: But the Original Word 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Translated Thunderbolts, signifieth Burning Coals; so that Lightning is thereby intended. Avicenn•Page 113 doth indeed say, that he saw a Thunder-bolt which fell at Corduba in Spain, and that it had a Sulphurous smell, and was like Armoniac. It is possible that not only Sulphurous and Bi|tuminous but stony substances may be gene|rated in the Clouds with the Lightning. George Agricola writeth that near Lurgea, a mass of Iron being fifty pound in weight, fell from the Clouds, which some attempted to make Swords of, but the fire could not melt it, nor hammers bring it into form.
In the Year 1492. At Ensishemium, a stone of three hundred pound weight fell from the Clouds, which is kept as a Monument in the Temple there. And in 1581, A Stone came out of the Clouds in Thuringia, which was so hot that it could not be touched, with which one might strike fire as with a Flint. There is now to be seen at Dresden a Stone which descended out of a Cloud, and is re|served amongst the Admiranda belonging to the Elector of Saxony: some lately living were present at the Fall of that Stone. Again An. 1618. In Bohemia, a considerable quantity of Brass mettal fell from the Clouds. No lon|ger since than May 28. 1677. at a Village near Hana in Germany, there was a Tempest of Lightning, and a great multitude of stones of a green and partly caerulean colour fell Page 114 therewith, and a considerable mass of Mineral matter, in tast like Vitriol, being pondrous and friable, having also metallick sparks like Gold intermixed. That which is by some called the Rain-stone or Thunder-bolt, was by the An|cients termed Ceraunia, because of the smell like that of an Horn when put into the fire, which does attend it. Learned Gesner (who in respect of his vast Knowledge in the works of God, may be called the Solomon of the former age) saith that a Gentleman gave him one of those Stones, supposing it to be a Thunder-bolt, and that it was five digits in length, and three in breadth. This fort of Stone is usually in form like unto an Iron Wedge, and has an hole quite through it Job. de Laet in his Treatise de Gemm•• Lib. 2. Cap. 24. relates that he saw another of those Stones. Boetius (de Gemmis Lib.2. Cap.261.) reports that many persons worthy of credit, affirmed that when Houses or Trees had been broken with the Thunder, they did by dig|ging find such Stones in the places where the stroke was given. Nevertheless, that Fulmi|nous Stones or Thunderbolts do alwayes descend out of the Clouds, when such breaches are made by the Lightning, is (as I said) a vulgar Error.
The Effects produced by the Lightning Page 115 are exceeding marvelous, sometimes Gold, Silver, Brass, Iron has been melted thereby, when the things wherein they have been kept, received no hurt; yea, when the Wax: on the Bags which contained them, has not been so much as melted. Liquors have been thereby exhausted out of Vessels, when the Vessels themselves remained untouched: And (which is more wonderful) when the Cask has been broken by the Lightning, the Wine has remained as it were included in a skin, with|out being split; the reason whereof Sennertu• supposeth to be, in that the heat of the Light|ning did condense the exterior parts of the Wine. It is also a very strange thing, which Histories report concerning Marcia (a Ro|man Princess) that the Child in her body was smitten and killed with Lightning, and yet the Mother received no hurt in her own Bo|dy. It is hard to give a clear and satisfactory Reason why if a piece of Iron be laid upon the Cask it prevents the Thunder from mar|ring the Wine contained therein, and also keeps Milk from turning. The Virtuosi of France in their Philosophical Conferences (vol.2.P.427.) suppose a Sympathy between Iron and the gross vapors of Thunder and Lightning. They say that which is com|monly called the Thunder-bolt does sometimes Page 116 resemble Steel, as it were to shew the corre|spondence that there is between Iron and Thunder: So that the Air being impregnate by those noisome vapours which are of the same nature with Iron, meeting with some piece of it laid on a Vessel, is joyned to the Iron by Sympathy, the Iron by its attractive vertue receives them, and by its retentive re|tains them, and by that means prevents the effects. This conjecture is ingenious. Nor is it easie to give a solid Reason why the Lightning should hurt one creature rather than another. Naturalists observe that it is so Feles canes & capras magis illorum obnoxios ictibui observatio sedula dedit, saith Johnston. Bart••|linus conjectures the reason to be the halitus in the bodies of those creatures, which are a fit nutriment for the fulminious spirits to prey upon. When fire is set to a train of Gun|powder; it will run accordingly straight or crooked, upwards or downwards as the mat|ter it feeds upon is disposed: So proportion|ably here: but this is a Subject for ingenious minds further to inquire into. It is moreover difficult to determine how Men are killed therewith, when no visible impression is made upon their Bodies. Some think it is by a meer instantaneous suffocation of their An•|••al spirits. That poysonful vapours do some|times Page 117 attend the Lightning is manifest. Se|neca saith, that Wine which has been con|gealed with the Lightning, after it is dissol|ved, and in appearance returned to its pristine state, it causeth the persons that shall drink of it, either to die or become mad. Natu|ralists observe, that venemous Creatures be|ing struck with Lightning lose their poyson; the reason of which may be, not only the heat but the venome of those Vapours attra|cting the poyson to themselves. And that Vapors will kill in a moment is past doubt. In the Philosophical transactions for the year 1665. (P.44.) It is related that seven or eight persons going down Stairs into a Coal-pit, they fell down dead as if they had been shot: There being one of them whose Wife was informed that her Husband was stifled, she went near to him without any inconvenience; but when she went a little further, the Vapors caused her instantly to fall down dead. And it is famously known, concerning the Lake Avernus in Campania, that if Birds attempt to fly over it, the deadly vapors thereof kill them in a moment. But the Lightning doth more than meerly suffocate with mortiferous va|pors. It sometimes penetrates the Brain, and shrivels the Heart and Liver when nothing does appear outwardly. And it does (as Dr. Page 118Goodwin in his lately published judicious Di|scourse about the punishment of Sinners i• the other World (P.44.) aptly expresseth) lick up the vital and animal spirits that run in the Body, when yet the body it self remains un|burnt. Those spirits are the Vinculum, the tye of Union between the Soul and Body, which the Lightning may consume without so much as singing the body or cloaths there. Nevertheless, upon some it leaveth direful marks, and breaketh their very bones in pieces, and sometimes tears away the flesh from the Bones. There are some Remarka|ble Instances confirming this, published in the Philosophical Transactions. Dr. Wallis in a Letter written at Oxford, May 12. 1666. gi|ving an account of a very sad accident which had then newly hapned there. He saith,
He that was dead (when by putting into a warm Bed, and rubbing, and putting strong Waters into his month, &c. no Life could be brought into him) was the next morning brought to Town; where among multitudes of others, who came to see; Dr. Willis. Dr. Mellington, Dr. Lower, and my self, with some others, went to view the Corps, where we found no wound at all in the skin; the face and neck swart and black, but not more than might be ordinary, by the setling of the blood: on the right side of the Neck was a little blackish spott about an inch long, and about a quarter of an inch broad at the broadest, and was as if it had been seared with a hot Iron: and as I re|member, one somewhat bigger on the left side of the neck below the ear. Streight down the Breast, but towards the left side of it, was a large place, about three quarters of a foot in length, and about two inches in breadth; in some places more, in some less, which was burnt and hard, like Leather burnt with the fire, of a deep blackish red colour, not much unlike the scorched skin of a losted Pig: and on the forepart of the left Shoulder such another spot about as big as a shilling; but that in the neck was Page 121 blacker and seemed more seared. From the top of the right shoulder, sloping down|wards towards that place in his Breast, was a narrow line of the like scorched skin; as if somewhat had come in there at the neck; and had run down to the breast and there spread broader.
The Buttons of his Dublet were most of them off, which some thought might have been torn off with the blast, getting in at the neck, and then bursting its way out, for which the greatest presumption was (to me) that besides four or five Buttons wanting towards the bottom of the breast, there were about half a dozen together clear off from the bottom of the Collar downwards, and I do not remember that the rest of the buttons did seem to be near worn out, but almost new. The Collar of his Doublet just over the fore-part of the right Shoul|der was quite broken asunder, cloth and stiffening, streight and downwards, as if cut or chopt asunder, but with a blunt tool; only the inward linnen or fustian lining of it was whole, by which, and by the view of the ragg'd edges, it seemed manifest to me, that it was from a stroke inward (from with|out) not outwards from within.
His Hat was strangely torn, not just on Page 122 the Crown, but on the side of the Hat, and on the Brim. On the side of it was a great hole, more than to put in ones fist through it: some part of it being quite struck away, and from thence divers gashes every way, as if torn or cut with a dull tool, and some of them of a good length, almost quite to the edges of the brim. And be|sides these, one or two gashes more, which did not communicate with that hole in the side. This also was judged to be by a stroke inwards; not so much from the view of the edges of those Gashes (from which there was scarce any judgement to be made either way) but because the lining was not torn, on|ly ript from the edge of the Hat (where it was sown on) on that side where the hole was made. But his Hat not being found upon his head, but at some distance from him, it did not appear against what part of his head that hole was made.
Another sad disaster hapned January 24. 1665,6. When one Mr. Brooks of Hamp|shire going from Winchester towards his House near Andover, in very bad weather, was himself slain by Lightning, and the Horse he rode on under him. For about a Mile from Winchester he was found with Page 123 his face beaten into the Ground, one Leg in the Stirrup, the other in the Horses main; his Cloathes all burnt off his back, not a piece as big as an Hankerchief left intire, and his Hair and all his body singed. With the force that struck him down, his nose was beaten into his face, and his Chin in|to his Breast; where was a Wound cut al|most as low as to his Navil; and his clothes being as aforesaid torn, the pieces were so scattered and consumed, that not enough to fill the crown of a Hat could be found. His Gloves were whole, but his hands in them singed to the Bone. The Hip-bone and Shoulder of his Horse burnt and brui|sed, and his Saddle torn in little pieces.
Very Remarkable also was that which hap|ned forty five years ago at another place in England, viz. Withycomb in Devonshire, where on October 21. A. D. 1638. being Sabbath, day, whilest the People were attending the publick Worship of God, a black Cloud coming over the Church, there was suddenly an amazing Clap of Thunder, and with it a Ball of fire came in at the Window, where|by the House was very much damnified, and the People many of them struck down. Some of the Seats in the body of the Church Page 124 were turned upside down, yet they that sat in them received no hurt. A Gentleman of note there (one Mr. Hill) sitting in his Seat by the Chancil, had his head suddenly smitten against the Wall, by which blow he died that night. Another had his Head clo|ven, his Skull rent in three pieces, and his Brains thrown upon the Ground whole. The hair of his head through the violence of the blow stuck fast to the Pillar that was near him. A Woman attempting to run out of the Church, had her clothes set on fire; and her flesh on her back torn almost to the very bone. See Mr. Clarks Examples Vol.1. Chap.104. P,501.
It is not Heresie to believe that Satan has sometimes a great operation in causing Thun|der-storms. I know this is vehemently de|nied by some. The late Witch-Advocates call it Blasphemy. And an old Council did Anathematize the men that are thus perswa|ded: but by their Favour; An orthodox & rati|onal Man may be of the Opinion, that when the Devil has before him the Vapors and Ma|terials out of which the Thunder and Light|ning are generated, his Art is such as that he can bring them into form. If Chymists can make their aurumsulminans, what strange things may this Infernal Chymist effect? The Holy Page 125 Scriptures intimate as much as this cometh to In the sacred Story concerning Job, we find that Satan did raise a great Wind which blew down the House where Job's Children were Feasting. And it is said, Chap.1.ver.16. That the fire of God fell from Heaven, and burnt up the Sheep and the Servants; This 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Fire of God was no doubt Thunder and Light|ning; and such as was extraordinary, and is therefore expressed with the Name of God, as is usual amongst the Hebrews. Satan had a deep policy in going that way to work, thereby hoping to make Job believe God was his Enemy. Mr. Caryl (according to his wonted manner) does both wittily and judi|ciously paraphrase upon the place; The fire of God (saith he) here is conceived to have been some terrible flash of Lightning; and it is the more probable because it is said to fall down from Heaven, that is, •ut of the Air. There Sa|tan can do mighty things, command much of the Magazine of Heaven, where that dreadful Ar|tillery which makes men tremble, those fiery Meteors, Thunder and Lightning are stored and lodged. Satan let loose by God can do wonders in the Air; He can raise Storms, He can discharge the great Ordnance of Heaven, Thunder and Lightning; and by his Art can make them more terrible and dreadful than they are in their ownPage 126 nature. Satan is said to be the Prince of the Power of the Air, Eph.2.2. And we read of the working of Satan with all power and signs; and lying words, 2 Thess. 2. 9. It is moreover predicted in the Revelation, that Antichrist should cause fire to come down from Heaven, Rev.13.13. Accordingly we read in History, that some of the Popes have by their skill in the black Art, caused Balls of fire to be seen in the Air. So then it is not beyond Satans power to effect such things, if the great God give him leave, without whose leave he cannot blow a Feather: much less raise a Thunder-storm. And as the Scri|ptures intimate Satan's Power in the Air to be great, so Histories do abundantly confirm it by remarkable Instances. One of the Scho|lars of Empedocles has testified, that he saw his Master raising Winds and laying them a|gain; and there were once many Witnesses of it, whence they called Empedocles 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Clemens Alexandrinus men|tions this as unquestionably true. Our great Rainold (de libr•s Apocryphis Lect.202.) saith, that we may from jo• conclude, it was not impossible for Empedocles by the Devils aid, to do as has been reported of him. Dio relates that when the Roman Army in the dayes of the Emperour Clandius, pursuing the Africans,Page 127 was in extream danger of perishing by Drought: a Magician undertook to procure water for them, and presently upon his Incan|tations, an astonishing shower fell. Jovianus Pontanus reports, that when King Ferdinand besieged the City Suessa, all the waters in the Cisterns being dried up, the Citizens had like to have lost their lives by the prevailing Drought. The Popish Priests undertook by Conjuration to obtain Water. The Magical Ceremonies by them observed were most hor|rid and ridiculous. For they took an Asse, and put the Sacrament of the Eucharist into his Mouth, sang Funeral Verses over him, and then buried him alive before the Church doors; as soon as these rites, so pleasing to the Devil were finished, the Heavens began to look black, and the Sea to be agitated with Winds, and anon it rained, and lightned, af|ter a most horrendous manner. Smetius in his Miscellanies, Lib. 5. Relates that a Girl foolishly imitating the Ceremonies of her Nurse, whom she had sometimes seen raising Tempests, immediately a prodigious Storm of Thunder and Lightning hapned, so as that a Village near Lipsia was thereby set on fire; This Relation is mentioned by Sennertus, as a thing really true. At some places in Den|mark, it is a common and a wicked practice Page 128 to buy Winds, when they are going to Sea• If Satan has so far the power of the Air as to cause Winds, he may cause Storms also Livy reports concerning Romulus, that he was by a Tempest of Thunder and Lightning transported no man knew whither, being after that never heard of. Meurerus (in Comment. Meteorolog.) speaketh of a Man, that going between Lapsia and Torga, was suddenly car|ried out of sight by a Thunder-storm, and never seen more. And the truth of our as|sertion, seems to be confirmed by one of those sad effects of Lightning mentioned in the precedeing Chapter. For I am informed that when Matthew Cole was killed with the Lightning at North-hampton, the Daemo•s which disturbed his Sister Ann Cole (forty miles distant) in Hartford, spoke of it; inti|mating their concurrence in that terrible ac|cident.
The Jewish Rabbins affirm, that all great and suddain Destructions are from Satan, the Angel of Death. That he has frequently an hand therein is past doubt. And if the fallen Angels are able (when God shall grant them a Commission) to cause fearful and fatal Thunders, it is much more true concerning the good and holy Angels, 2 King. 1. 14, 15. When the Law was given at Mount Sinar,Page 129 there were amazing Thundrings and Light|nings, wherein the great God saw meet to make use of the Ministry of Holy Angels, Act.7.53. Gal. 3.19. Heb. 2. 2. Some think that Sodom was destroyed by extraordinary Light|ning. Its certain that Holy Angels had an hand in effecting that Desolation, Gen. 19.13. We know that one Night the Angel of the Lord smote in the Camp of the Assyrians an 185000. It is not improbable, but that those Assyrians were killed with Lightning: For it was with respect to that tremendous Provi|dence, that those words were uttered, Who a|mongst us shall dwell with the devouring Fire, Isai.33.14. Ecclesiastical History informs us that the Jews being encouraged by the Apo|state Julian, were resolved to re-build their Temple; but Lightning from Heaven con|sumed not only their Work, but all their Tools and Instruments wherewith that cur|sed Enterprize was to have been carried on, so was their design utterly frustrate. Why might not holy Angels have an hand in that Lightning? There occurs to my mind, a Remarkable Passage mentioned by Dr. Beard in his Chapter about the Protection of Holy Angels over them that fear God (P.443.) he saith, that a certain Man travelling between two Woods in a great Tempest of Thunder Page 130 and Lightning, rode under an Oak to shel|•er himself, but his Horse would by no means •ay under that Oak, but whither his Master would or no, went from that Tree and stayed very quietly under another Tree not far off; he had not been there many Minutes before the first Oak was torn all to fitters with a fearful Clap of Thunder and Lightning. Surely there was the invisible Guardianship of an Holy Angel in that Providence.
But though it be true, that both natural Causes and Angels do many times concurre when Thunder and Lightning, with the aw|ful effects thereof, happen; nevertheless, the supream cause must not be disacknowledged. The Eternal himself has a miglity hand of pro|vidence in such works. He thundreth with the voice of His Excellency. Among the Greeks Thunder was stiled 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 And the Scri|pture calls it the Voice of the Lord. The God of Glory Thundereth. The Voice of the Lord is ve|ry powerful, the Voice of the Lord is full of Ma|jesty, the Voice of the Lord breaketh the Cedars, the Voice of the Lord divideth the Flames of Fires: Lightnings are also said to be the Ar|rows of God, Psal.18.14. upon which account the Children of Men ought to dread the hand of the Highest therein. And the more for that all places in the habitable World are Page 131•xposed unto Dangers and Destruction by his Artillery of Heaven; though some parts of the Earth are naturally subject thereunto more than others. Acosta saith, that it sel|dom Thunders about Brasil: but such Light|nings are frequent there, as make the Night appear brighter than the Noon Day. Tra|vellers report, that there are some Snowy Mountains in Africa, on which the Cracks of Thunder are so loud and vehement, as that they are heard fifty Miles off at Sea. In some parts of Tartaria, it will both Snow and Thunder at the same time. In the Northern Climates, there use to be vehement Thun|ders, and Men are often struck dead thereby; In the Province of Terravara in Spain, grows the Wood for the Cross, to which Supersti|ous Papists attribute a power to preserve Men from Thunder. So did the Gentiles of Old, vainly think to secure themselves from Hea|vens Gun-shot, by carrying those things a|bout them, which they supposed would be as Amulets to defend them from all harm. The Tents of the old Emperors were made of Seal-Leather, because they imagined that the Sea|Calf could not be Thunder-struck. Tyberius wore a Crown of Lawrel upon his Head, for that the Philosophers told him that the Lightning could not hurt the Bay Tree. R•|diginusPage 132 affirms the like concerning the Fig|tree. But others declare that they have seen the Laurel smitten and withered with the Lightning: therefore the Conimbricensi•• Philosophers acknowledge this immunity to be fictitious. The like vanity is in their Opi|nion, who suppose that the Stone by Philoso|phers called Brontias (i. e.) the Thunder-bolt will secure them from harm by Lightning. To conclude, must miserable is the State of all Christless Sinners, who know not but that eve|ry Thunder-storm which comes, may send them to Hell in a moment.
The Psalmist alludes to a Thunder Storm, when he saith, The Lord will rain upon the Wicked Snares (the Lightning cometh suddenly, and taketh Men as Birds in a snare before they think of it) Fire and Brimstone and a tempest of horrors, Psal. 11. 6. The A|theism of Epicurus of old, (and of some in these dayes) who taught, that inasmuch as Thunder proceeds from natural causes, it is a childish thing for Men to have an awe upon Page 133 their hearts when they hear that voice, I say such Atheism is folly and wickedness. For the great God maketh the way for the Light|ning of Thunder; nor does it ever miss or mistake its way, but alwayes lights where God has appointed it, Job 28.26. He directs the Lightning under the whole Heaven, and un|to the ends of the Earth; after it a voice roareth, that they may do whatsoever he commanded them upon the face of the world in the Earth, Job 37.3,12. Yea, and good Men should from this consideration be inci|ted to endeavour that their Garments be kept from defilement, and that they be alwayes walking with God, since they know not but that Death may come upon them suddenly in such a way and by such means as this; As to outward Evils, there is one event to the Righteous and to the Wicked; to him that sacrificeth & to him that sacrificeth not, as is the good so is the sinner. The examples mentioned in the preceding Chapter do confirm it, since divers of those whom the Thunder killed, were good men. And they that are in Christ, and who make it their design to live unto God, need not be dismayed at the most terrifying Thunder-claps, no more than a Child should be afraid when he hears the voice of his lo|ving Father. Notable is that passage re|lated Page 134 by Mr. Ambrose, in his Treatise of An|gels (P.265. & by Mr. Clark, vol.1. P. 512.) A prophane Man, who was also a Persecutor of Mr. Bolton, riding abroad, it Thundred ve|ry dreadfully; at the which the Man greatly trembled; his Wife, who was eminent for Godliness being with him, asked, why he was so much afraid? to whom he replied; are not you afraid to hear these dreadful Thunder claps? no (saith she) not at all, for I know it is the voice of my Heavenly Father; and should a Child be afraid to hear his Fathers voice? At the which the Man was amazed, concluding with himself, these Puritans have a divine principle in them, which the World seeth not, that they should have peace and se|renity in their Souls when others are filled with dismal fears and horrors. He thereupon went to Mr. Bolton, bewailing the wrong he had done him, begging his Pardon and Pray|ers, and that he would tell him what he must do that so his Soul might he saved: and he be|came a very godly man ever after. This was an happy Thunder-Storm.
Concerning things preternatural which have hapned in New-England. A Remarkable Re|lation about Ann Cole of Hartford. Con|cerning several Witches in that Colony. Of the Possessed Maid at Groton. An account of the House in Newberry lately troubled with a Dae|mon. A parallel Story of an House at Ted|worth in England. Concerning another in Hartford. And of one in Portsmouth in New-England lately disquieted by Evil Spitits. The Relation of a Woman at Barwick in New|England molested with Apparitions, and some|times tormented by invisible Agents.
INasmuch as things which are praeternatu|ral, and not accomplished without diabo|lical operation, do more rarely happen, it is pity but that they should be observed. Seve|ral Accidents of that kind have hapned in New-England; which I shall here faithfully Relate so far as I have been able to come un|to the knowledge of them.
Very Remarkable was that Providence wherein Ann Cole of Hartford in New-En|gland was concerned. She was, and is ac|counted a person of real Piety and Integrity, Page 136 Nevertheless, in the Year 1662. then living in her Fathers House (who has like|wise been esteemed a godly Man) She was taken with very strange Fits, wherein her Tongue was improved by a Daemon to ex|press things which she her self knew nothing of. Sometimes the Discourse would hold for a considerable time. The general purpose of which was, that such and such persons (who were named in the Discourse which passed from her) were consulting how they might carry on mischievous designs against her and several others, mentioning sundry wayes they should take for that end, particularly that they would afflict her Body, spoil her Name, &c. The general answer made amongst the Daemons, was, She runs to the Rock. This having been continued some hours, the Dae|mons said, Let us confound her Language, that she may tell no more tales. She uttered matters unintelligible. And then the Discourse pas|sed into a Dutch-tone (a Dutch Family then lived in the Town) and therein an account was given of some afflictions that had befallen divers; amongst others, what had befallen a Woman that lived next Neighbour to the Dutch Family, whose Arms had been strange|ly pinched in the night, declaring by whom, and for what cause that course had been ta|ken Page 137 with her. The Reverend Mr. Stone (then Teacher of the Church in Hartford) being by, when the Discourse hapned, decla|red, that he thought it impossible for one not familiarly acquainted with the Dutch (which Ann Cole had not in the least been) should so exactly imitate the Dutch-tone in the pronun|ciation of English. Several Worthy Persons, (viz. Mr. John Whiting, Mr. Samuel Hooker, and Mr. Joseph Hains) wrote the intelligible sayings expressed by Ann Cole, whilest she was thus amazingly handled. The event was that one of the persons (whose Name was Greensmith) being a lewd and ignorant Wo|man, and then in Prison on suspicion for Witch-craft) mentioned in the Discourse as active in the mischiefs done and designed, was by the Magistrate sent for; Mr. Whiting and Mr. Ha•nes read what they had written; and the Woman being astonished thereat, confessed those things to be true, and that she and other persons named in this preternatu|ral Discourse, had had familiarity with the Devil: Being asked whether she had made an express Covenant with him; she answe|red, she had not, only as she promised to go with him when he called, which accordingly she had sundry times done; and that the Devil told her that at Christmass they would Page 138 have a merry Meeting, and then the Cove|nant between them should be subscribed. The next day she was more particularly enquired of concerning her Guilt respecting the Crime she was accused with. She then acknow|ledged, that though when Mr. Hains be|gan to read what he had taken down in Writing, her rage was such that she could have torn him in pieces, and was as resolved as might be to deny her guilt (as she had done before) yet after he had read awhile, she was (to use her own expression) as if her flesh had been pulled from her bones, and so could not deny any longer: She likewise de|clared, that the Devil first appeared to her in the form of a Deer or Fawn, skipping about her, wherewith she was not much affrighted, and that by degrees he became very familiar, and at last would talk with her. Moreover, she said that the Devil had frequently the car|nal knowledge of her Body. And that the Witches had Meetings at a place not far from her House; and that some appeared in one shape, and others in another; and one came flying amongst them in the shape of a Crow. Upon this Confession, with other concurrent Evidence, the Woman was Executed; so likewise was her Husband, though he did not acknowledge himself guilty. Other persons Page 139 accused in the Discourse made their escape. Thus doth the Devil use to se•ve his Clients. After the suspected Witches were either exe|cuted or fled, Ann Cole was restored to health, and has continued well for many years, ap|proving her self a serious Christian.
There were some that had a mind to try whither the Stories of Witches not being able to sink under water, were true; and ac|cordingly a Man and Woman mentioned in Ann Cole's Dutch-toned discourse, had their hands and feet tyed, and so were cast into the water, and they both apparently swam after the manner of a Buoy, part under, part above the Water. A by-stander imagining that any person bound in that posture would be so born up, offered himself for trial, but being in the like matter gently laid on the the Water, he immediately sunk right down. This was no legal Evidence against the su|spected persons; nor were they proceeded a|gainst on any such account; However doubt|ing that an Halter would choak them, though the Water would not; they very fairly took their flight, not having been seen in that part of the World since. Whether this ex|periment were lawful, or rather Superstitious and Magical, we shall (〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉) enquire afterwards.
Page 140 Another thing which caused a noise in the Countrey, and wherein Satan had undoubted|ly a great influence, was, that which hapned at Groton. There was a Maid in that Town (one Elizabeth Knap) who in the Moneth of October, Anno. 1671. was taken after a very strange manner, sometimes weeping, sometimes laughing, sometimes roaring hide|ously, with violent motions and agitations of her body, crying out Money, Money, &c. In November following, her Tongue for many hours together was drawn like a semicircle up to the roof of her Mouth, not to be remo|ved, though some tried with their fingers to do it. Six Men were scarce able to hold her in some of her fits, but she would skip about the House yelling and looking with a most frightful Aspect. December 17. Her Tongue was drawn out of her mouth to an extraordi|nary length; and now a Daemon began ma|nifestly to speak in her. Many words were uttered wherein are the Labial Letters, with|out any motion of her Lips, which was a clear demonstration that the voice was not her own. Sometimes Words were spoken seeming to proceed out of her throat, when her Mouth was shut. Sometimes with her Mouth wide open, without the use of any of the Organs of speech. The things then ut|tered Page 141 by the Devil were chiefly Railings and Revilings of Mr. Willard (who was at that time a Worthy and Faithful Pastor to the Church in Groton.) Also the Daemon bel|ched forth most horrid and nefandous Blas|phemies, exalting himself above the most High. After this she was taken speechless for some time. One thing more is worthy of Remark concerning this miserable creature. She cri|ed out in some of her Fits, that a Woman, (one of her Neighbours) appeared to her, and was the cause of her Affliction. The Person thus accused was a very sincere, holy Woman, who did hereupon with the Advice or Friends visit the poor Wretch; and though she was in one of her Fits, having her Eyes shut, when the innocent person impeached by her came in; yet could she (so powerful were Satans Operations upon her) declare who was there, and could tell the touch of that Woman from any ones else. But the gracious Party thus accused and abused by a malicious Devil, Prayed earnestly with and for the Possessed creature; after which she confessed that Satan had deluded he•; ma|king her believe evil of her good Neighbour without any cause. Nor did she after that complain of any Apparition or Disturbance from such an one. Yea, she said, that the Page 142 Devil had himself in the likeness and shap• of divers tormented her, and then told he• it was not he but they that did it.
As there have been several Persons vexe• with evil Spirits, so divers Houses have been wofully Haunted by them. In the Year 1679, the House of William Morse in New|berry in New-England, was strangely disqui•|eted by a Daemon. After those troubles be|gan, he did by the Advice of Friends write down the particulars of those unusual Acci|dents. And the Account which he giveth thereof is as followeth;
On December 3. in the night time, he and his Wife heard a noise upon the roof of their House, as if Sticks and Stones had been thrown against it with great violence; where|upon he rose out of his Bed, but could see nothing. Locking the Doo•s fast, he re|turned to Bed again. About midnight they heard an Hog making a great noise in the House, so that the Man rose again, and found a great Hog in the house, the door being shut, but upon the opening of the door it ran out.
On December 8. in the Morning, there were five great Stones and Bricks by an invi|sible hand thrown in at the west end of the Page 143 house while the Mans Wife was making the Bed, the Bedstead was lifted up from the floor, and the Bedstaff flung out of the Win|dow, and a Cat was hurled at her; a long Staff danced up and down in the Chimney; a burnt Brick, and a piece of a weather|board were thrown in at the Window: The Man at his going to Bed put out his Lamp, but in the Morning found that the Saveall of it was taken away, and yet it was unaccounta|bly brought into its former place. On the same day, the long Staff but now spoken of, was hang'd up by a line, and swung to and fro, the Man's Wife laid it in the fire, but she could not hold it there, inasmuch as it would forcibly fly out; yet after much ado with joynt strength they made it to burn. A shin|gle flew from the Window, though no body near it, many sticks came in at the same place, only one of these was so scragged that it could enter the hole but a little way, where|upon the Man pusht it out, a great Rail like|wise was thrust in at the Window, so as to break the Glass.
At another time an Iron Crook that was hanged on a Nail, violently flew up and down, also a Chair flew about, and at last lighted on the Table where Victuals stood ready for them to cat, and was likely to spoil all, only Page 144 by a nimble catching they saved some of their Meal with the loss of the rest, and the overturning of their Table.
People were sometimes Barricado'd out of doors, when as yet there was no body to do it: and a Chest was removed from place to place, no hand touching it. Their Keys being tied together, one was taken from the rest, 〈◊〉 the remaining two would fly about making a loud noise by knocking against each other. But the greatest part of this Devils feats were his mischievous ones, wherein indeed he was sometimes Antick enough too, and therein the chief sufferers were, the Man and 〈◊〉 Wife, and his Grand-Son. The Man espe|cially had his share in these Diabolical Mole|stations. For one while they could not ea• their Suppers quietly, but had the Ashes on the Hearth before their eyes thrown into their Victuals; yea, and upon their heads and Clothes, insomuch that they were forced up in•• their Chamber, and yet they had no rest there; for one of the Man's Shoes being left below, 'twas filled with Ashes and Coa•, and thrown up after them. Their Light was beaten out, and they being laid in their Bed with their little Boy between them, a great stone (from the Floor of the Loft) weighing above three pounds was thrown upon the Page 145 mans stomach, and he turning it down upon the floor, it was once more thrown upon him. A Box, and a Board were likewise thrown upon them all. And a Bag of Hops was taken out of their Chest, wherewith they were beaten, till some of the Hops were scattered on the floor, where the Bag was then laid, and left.
In another Evening, when they sat by 〈◊〉 fire, the Ashes were so whitled at them, that they could neither eat their Meat, nor endu•e the House. A Peel struck the Man in the face. An Apron hanging by the fire, was flung upon it, and singed before they could snatch it off. The Man being at Prayer with his Family, a Beesom gave him a blow on his head behind, and fell down before his face.
On another day, when they were Win|nowing of Barley, some hard dirt was thrown in, hitting the Man on the Head, and both the Man and his Wife on the back; and when they had made themselves clean, they essayed to fill their half Bushel but the foul Corn was in spite of them often cast in amongst the clean, and the Man being di|•••times thus abused was forced to give o|ver what he was about.
On January 23 (in particular) the Man Page 146 had an iron Pin twice thrown at him, and his Inkhorn was taken away from him while he was writing, and when by all his seeking it he could not find it, at last he saw it drop out of the Air, down by the fire: a piece of Leather was twice thrown at him; and a shoe was laid upon his shoulder, which he catching at, was suddenly rapt from him. An hand|full of Ashes was thrown at his face, and up|on 〈◊〉 is clothes: and the shoe was then clapt upon his head, and upon it he clapt his hand, holding it so fast, that somewhat unseen pul|led him with it backward on the floor.
On the next day at night, as they were going to Bed, a lost Ladder was thrown a|gainst the Door, and their Light put out; and when the Man was a bed, he was beaten with an heavy pair of Leather Breeches, and pull'd by the Hair of his Head and Beard, Pinched and Scratched, and his Bed-board was taken away from him; yet more in the next night, when the Man was likewise a Bed; his Bed-board did rise out of its place, notwithstanding his putting forth all his strength to keep it in; one of his Awls wa brought out of the next roominto his Bed, and did prick him; the clothes wherewith he hoped to save his head from blows were violently pluckt from thence. Within a night Page 147 or two after, the Man and his Wife received both of them a blow upon their heads, but it was so dark that they could not see the stone which gave it; the Man had his Cap pulled off from his head while he sat by the fire.
The night following, they went to bed un|dressed, because of their late disturbances, and the Man, Wife, Boy, presently felt them|selves pricked, and upon search found in the Bed a Bodkin, a knitting Needle, and two sticks picked at both ends. He received also a great blow, as on his Thigh, so on his Face, which fetched blood: and while he was wri|ting a Candlestick was twice thrown at him, and a great piece of Bark fiercely smote him, and a pail of Water turned up without hands. On the 28 of the mentioned Moneth, fro|zen clods of Cow-dung were divers times thrown at the man out of the house in which they were; his Wife went to milk the Cow, and received a blow on her head, and sitting down at her Milking-work had Cow-dung divers times thrown into her Pail, the Man tried to save the Milk, by holding a Piggin side-wayes under the Cowes belly, but the Dung would in for all, and the Milk was only made fit for Hogs. On that night ashes were thrown into the porridge which they had made ready for their Supper, so as that they Page 148 could not eat it; A••es were likewise often thrown into the Man's Eyes, as he sat by the fire. And an iron Hammer flying at him, gave him a great blow on his back; the Man's Wife going into the Cellar for Beer, a great iron Peel flew and fell after her through the trap|door of the Cellar; and going afterwards on the same Errand to the same place, the door shut down upon her, and the Table came and lay upon the door, and the man was forced to remove it e're his Wife could be released from where she was: on the following day while he was Writing, a dish went out of its place, leapt into the pale, and cast Water upon the Man, his Paper, his Table, and disappointed his procedure in what he was about; his Cap jumpt off from his head, and on again, and the Pot-lid leapt off from the Pot into the Kettle on the fire.
February 2. While he and his Boy were eat|ing of Cheese, the pieces which he cut were wrested from them, but they were afterwards found upon the Table under an Apron, and a pair of Breeches: And also from the fire a|rose little sticks and Ashes, which flying upon the Man and his Boy, brought them into an uncomfortable pickle; But as for the Boy, which the last passage spoke of, there re|mains much to be said concerning him, and Page 149 a principal sufferer in these afflictions: For on the 18. of December, he sitting by his Grandfather, was hurried into great motions and the Man thereupon took him, and made him stand between his Legs, but the Chair danced up and down, and had like to have cast both Man and Boy into the fire: and the Child was afterwards flung about in such a manner, as that they feared that his Brains would have been beaten out; and in the e|vening he was tossed as afore, and the Man tried the project of holding him, but ineffe|ctually. The Lad was soon put to Bed, and they presently heard an huge noise, and de|manded what was the matter? and he an|swered that his Bed-stead leaped up and down: and they (i. e. the Man and his Wife) went up, and at first found all quiet, but be|fore they had been there long, they saw the Board by his Bed trembling by him, and the Bed-clothes flying off him, the latter they laid on immediately, but they were no sooner on than off; so they took him out of his Bed for quietness.
December 29. The Boy was violently thrown to and fro, only they carried him to the house of a Doctor in the Town, and there he was free from disturbances, but re|turning home at night, his former trouble be|gan, Page 150 and the Man taking him by the hand, they were both of them almost tript into the fire. They put him to bed, and he was atten|ded with the same iterated loss of his clothes, shaking off his Bed-board, and Noises, that he had in his last conflict; they took him up, designing to sit by the fire, but the doors clattered, and the Chair was thrown at him, wherefore they carried him to the Doctors house, and so for that night all was well. The next morning he came home quiet, but as they were doing somewhat, he cried out that he was prickt on the back, they looked, and found a three-tin'd Fork sticking strangely there; which being carried to the Doctors house, not only the Doctor himself said that it was his, but also the Doctors Servant affirm|ed it was seen at home after the Boy was gone. The Boys vexations continuing, they left him at the Doctors, where he remained well till awhile after, and then he complained he was pricked, they looked and found an iron Spindle sticking below his back; he com|plained he was pricked still, they looked, and found Pins in a Paper sticking to his skin; he once more complained of his Back, they looked, and found there a long Iron, a bowl of a Spoon, and a piece of a Pansheard. They lay down by him on the Bed, with the Page 151 Light burning, but he was twice thrown from them, and the second time thrown quite under the Bed; in the Morning the Bed was tossed about with such a creaking n•i•e, as was heard to the Neighbours; in the after|noon their knives were one after another brought, and put into his back, but pulled out by the Spectators; only one knife which was missing seemed to the standers by to come out of his Mouth: he was bidden to read his Book, was taken and thrown about seve|ral times, at last hitting the Boys Grandmo|ther on the head. Another time he was thrust out of his Chair and rolled up and down with out cries, that all things 〈◊〉 on fire; yea, he was three times very dangerous|ly thrown into the fire, and preserved by his Friends with much ado. The Boy also made for a long time together a noise like a Dog, and like an Hen with her Chickens, and could not speak rationally.
Particularly, on December 26. He barked like a Dog, and clock't like an Hen, and af|ter long distraining to speak, said, there's Powel, I am pinched; his Tongue likewise hung out of his mouth, so as that it could by no means be forced in till his Fit was over, and then he said 'twas forced out by Powel.Page 152 He & the house also after this had rest till the ninth of January: at which time because of his intolerable ravings, and because the Child lying between the Man and his Wife, was pulled out of Bed, and knockt so vehement|ly against the Bed-stead Boards, in a manner very perillous and amazing. In the Day time he was carried away beyond all possibi|lity of their finding him. His Grandmo|ther at last saw him creeping on one side, and drag'd him in, where he lay miserable lame, but recovering his speech, he said, that he was carried above the Doctors house, and that Powel carried him, and that the said Powel had him into the Barn, throwing him against the Cart-wheel there, and then thrusting him out at an hole; and accordingly they found some of the Remainders of the Threshed Ba•ley which was on the Barn-floor hanging to his Clothes.
At another time he 〈◊〉 into a Swoon, they forced somewhat Refreshing into his mouth, and it was turned out as fast as they put it in; e're long he came to himself, and expressed some willingness to eat, but the Meat would fo•cibly fly out of his mouth; and when he was able to speak, he said Powel would not let him eat: Having found the Boy to be best at a Neighbours house, the Page 153 Man carried him to his Daughters, three miles from his own. The Boy was growing antick as he was on the Journey, but before the end of it he made a grievous hollowing, and when he lighted, he threw a great stone at a Maid in the house, and fell on eating of Ashes. Being at home afterwards, they had rest awhile, but on the 19 of January in the Morning he swooned, and coming to him|self, he roared terribly, and did eat Ashes, Sticks, Rug-yarn. The Morning following, there was such a racket with the Boy, that the Man and his Wife took him to Bed to them. A Bed-staff was thereupon thrown at them, and a Chamber pot with its Contents was thrown upon them, and they were se|verely pinched. The Man being about to rise, his Clothes were divers times pulled from them, himself thrust out of his Bed, and his Pillow thrown after him. The Lad also would have his clothes plucked off from him in these Winter Nights, and was wofully dogg'd with such fruits of Devilish spite, till it pleased God to shorten the Chain of the wicked Daemon.
All this while the Devil did not use to ap|pear in any visible shape, only they would think they had hold of the Hand that some|times scratched them; but it would give them Page 154 the slip. And once the Man was discerna|bly beaten by a Fist, and an Hand got hold of his Wrist which he saw, but could not catch; and the likeness of a Blackmore Child did appear from under the Rugg and Blanket, where the Man lay, and it would rise up, fall down, nod & slip under the clothes when they endeavoured to clasp it, never speaking any thing.
Neither were there many Words spoken by Satan all this time, only once having put out their Light, they heard a scraping on the Boards, and then a Piping and Drumming on them, which was followed with a Voice, singing Revenge! Revenge! Sweet is Revenge! And they being well terrified with it, called upon God; the issue of which was, that sud|denly with a mournful Note, there were six times over uttered such expressions as Alas! Alas! me knock no more! me knock no more! and now all ceased.
The Man does moreover affirm, that a Seaman (being a Mate of a Ship) coming often to visit him, told him that they wron|ged his Wife who suspected her to be guilty of Witchcraft; and that the Boy (his Grand|child) was the cause of this trouble; and that if he would let him have the Boy one day, he would warrant him his house should Page 155 be no more troubled as it had been; to which motion he consented. The Mate came the next day betimes, and the Boy was with him until night; after which his house he saith was not for some time molested with evil Spi|rits.
Thus far is the Relation concerning the Daemon at William Morse his House in Newbery. The true Reason of these strange disturban|ces is as yet not certainly known: some (as has been hinted) did suspect Morse's Wife to be guilty of Witchcraft.
One of the Neighbours took Apples which were brought out of that house and put them into the fire; upon which they say, their hou|ses were much disturbed. Another of the Neighbours, caused an Horse-shoe to be nail|ed before the doors, & as long as it remained so, they could not perswade the suspected person to go into the house; but when the Horse-shoe was gone, she presently visited them. I shall not here inlarge upon the va|nity and superstition of those Experiments, reserving that for another place: All that I shall say at present is, that the Daemons whom the blind Gentiles of old worshipped, told their Servants, that such things as these would very much affect them; yea, and 〈◊〉 certain Characters, Signs and Charms would Page 156 render their power ineffectual; and accor|dingly they would become subject, when their own directions were obeyed. It is sport to the Devils when they see silly Men thus de|luded and made fools of by them. Others were apt to think that a Seaman by some su|spected to be a Conjurer, set the Devil on work thus to disquiet Morse's Family. Or it may be some other thing as yet kept hid in the secrets of providence might be the true origi|nal of all this Trouble.
A Disturbance not much unlike to this hapned above twenty years ago, at an house in Tedworth, in the County of Wilts in En|gland, which was by wise men judged to pro|ceed from Conjuration.
But I proceed to give an account of some other things lately hapning in New-England,Page 159 which were undoubtedly praeternatural, and not without Diabolical operation. The last year did afford several Instances, not unlike unto those which have been mentioned. For then Nicholas Desborough of Hartford in New|England, was strangely molested by stones, pieces of earth, cobs of Indian Corn, &c. falling upon and about him, which sometimes came in through the door, sometimes through the Window, sometimes down the Chimney, at other times they seemed to fall from the floor of the Chamber, which yet was very close; sometimes he met with them in his Shop, the Yard, the Barn, and in the Field at work. In the House, such things hapned frequently, not only in the night but in the day time, if the Man himself was at home, but never when his Wife was at home alone. There was no great violence in the motion, though several persons of the Family, and o|thers also were struck with the things that were thrown by an invisible hand, yet they were not hurt thereby. Only the Man himself had once his Arm somewhat pained by a blow given him; and at another time, blood was drawn from one of his Legs by a scratch gi|ven it. This molestation began soon after a Controversie arose between Desborough and another person, about a Chest of Clothes Page 160 which the other said that Desoerough did un|righteously retain: and so it continued for some Moneths (though with several inter|missions.) In the latter end of the last year, when also the Man's Barn was burned with the Corn in it; but by what means it came to pass is not known. Not long after, some to whom the matter was referred, ordered Des|borough to restore the Clothes to the Person who complained of wrong; since which he hath not been troubled as before. Some of the stones hurled were of considerable bigness; one of them weighed four pounds, but generally the stones were not great, but very small ones. One time a piece of Clay came down the Chimney, falling on the Ta|ble which stood at some distance from the Chimney. The People of the House threw it on the Hearth, whereit lay a considerable time: they went to their Supper, and whilest at their Supper, the piece of Clay was lifted up by an invisible hand, and fell upon the Table; taking it up, they found it hot, having lain so long before the fire, as to cause it to be hot.
Another Providence no less Remarkable than this last mentioned, hapned at Portsmouth in New-England, about the same time: con|cerning Page 161 which I have received the following account from a Worthy hand.
I am moreover informed, that the Daemon was quiet all the last Winter, but in the Spring he began to play some ludicrous tricks, car|rying away some Axes that were locked up safe. This last Summer he has not made such disturbances as formerly. But of this no more at present.
There have been strange and true Reports concerning a Woman now living near the Salmon Falls in Barwick (formerly called Kittery) unto whom Evil Spirits have some|times visibly appeared; and she has some|times been sorely tormented by invisible hands: Concerning all which, an Intelli|gent Person has sent me the following Nar|rative.
A Brief Narrative of sundry Apparitions of Satan unto and Assaults at sundry times and places upon the Person of Mary the Wife of Antonio Hortado, dwelling near the Salmon Falls: Taken from her own mouth, Aug.13. 1683.
In June 1682. (the day forgotten) at Evening, the said Mary heard a voice at the Page 165 door of her Dwelling, saying, What do y••• here? about an hour after, standing at the Door of her House, she had a blow on her Eye that settled her head near to the Door|post, and two or three dayes after, a Stone, as she judged about half a pound or a pound weight was thrown along the house within into the Chimney, and going to take it up it was gone; all the Family was in the house, and no hand appearing which might be in|strumental in throwing the stone. About two hours after, a Frying-pan then hang|ing in the Chimney was heard to ring so loud, that not only those in the house heard it, but others also that lived on the other side of the River near an hundred Rods distant or more. Whereupon the said Ma|ry and her Husband going in a Cannoo over the River, they saw like the head of a man new-shorn, and the tail of a white Cat a|bout two or three foot distance from each o|ther, swimming over before the Cannoo, but no body appeared to joyn head and tail to|gether; and they returning over the River, in less than an hours time, the said Appari|tion followed their Cannoo back again, but disappeared at Landing. A day or two after, the said Mary was stricken on her head (as sh••adged) with a stone, which Page 166 caused a Swelling and much soreness on her head, being then in the yard by her house, and she presently entring into her house was bitten on both Arms black and blue, and one of her Breasts scratched; the impressi|ons of the Teeth being like Mans Teeth, were plainly seen by many: Whereupon deserting their House to sojourn at a Neigh|bours on the other side of the River, there appeared to said Mary in the house of her sojourning, a Woman clothed with a green Safeguard, a short blue Cloak, and a white Cap, making a profer to strike her with a Fire-brand, but struck her not. The Day following the same shape appeared again to her, but now arrayed with a gray Gown, white Apron, and white Head-clothes, in appearance laughing several times, but no voice heard. Since when said Mary has been freed from those Satanical Molesta|tions.
But the said Antonio being returned in March last with his Family, to dwell again in his own house, and on his entrance there, hearing the noise of a Man walking in his Chamber, and seeing the boards buckle un|der his feet as he walked, though no man to be seen in the Chamber (for they went on purpose to look) he returned with his Page 167 Family to dwell on the other side of the Ri|ver; yet planting his Ground though he forsook his House, he hath had five Rods of good Log-fence thrown down at once, the feeting of Neat Cattle plainly to be seen almost between every Row of Corn in the Field yet no Cattle seen there, nor any damage done to his Corn, not so much as any of the Leaves of the Corn cropt.
Thus far is that Narrative.
I am further informed, that some (who should have been wiser) advised the poor Woman to stick the House round with Bayes, as an effectual preservative against the power of Evil Spirits. This Counsel was followed. And as long as the Bayes continued green, she had quiet; but when they began to wither, they were all by an unseen hand carried away, and the Woman again tormented.
It is observable, that at the same time three Houses in three several Towns should be mo|lested by Daemons, as has now been related.
That there are Daemons. And Possessed Per|sons. Signs of such. Some Mad Men are re|ally Possessed. Not withstanding many Fabulous St•ries ••out Witchcrafts. That there are Wit|ches proved by three Arguments. That Houses are sometimes troubled by Evil Spirits. Witch|craft often the cause of it. Sometimes by the Devil without Witchcraft; ordered by providence as punishment for Sin. The disturbance in Wal|tons House further considered, with a parallel Story. That the things related in the preceding Chapter were undoubtedly Praeternatural and Diabolical.
THe Sadduces of those dayes being like unto Avicenna, and Averroes, and other Atheistical Philosophers in former times; say that there are no Spirits, and that all Stories concerning them are either Fabulous or to be ascribed unto natural causes. Amongst ma|ny others, the Learned V••tius (in disp. de operationibus Daemonum) has sufficiently refu|ted them. And as the experience of other ages and places of the World; so the things which divine providence hath permitted and ordered to come to pass amongst our selves Page 169 (if the Scriptures were silent) make it ma|nifest beyond all contradiction, that there are Devils infesting this lower World. Most true it is, that Satan and all his wicked An|gels are limited by the providence of God: so as that they cannot hurt any Man or Crea|ture, much less any Servant of his, without a Commission from him, whose Kingdom is o|ver all. It is a memorable Passage, which Chytraeus relateth concerning Luther, that when he was sought after by his Popish and Implacable Enemies (being then hid by the Duke of Saxony) they consulted with Magi|cians that so they might find where Luther absconded, but the Wizzards confessed they could not discover him. Undoubtedly the Devils knew where Luther hid himself; only God would not suffer them to reveal it. Ne|vertheless, the Lord doth for wise and holy ends, sometimes lengthen the Chain which the infernal L•ons are bound fast in. And as there are many tremendous Instances con|firming the Truth hereof, so that of Satan's taking bodily possession of Men, is none of the least. Sometimes indeed it is very hard to discern between natural Diseases and Sa|tanical Possessions; so as that persons really possessed have been thought to be only mo|lested with some natural Disease, without any Page 170 special finger of the Evil Spirit therein. Fer|nelius (de abditis rerum causis, Lib.2. Cap.16.) speaketh of a certain young Gentleman, that was taken with strange Convulsions, which did surprize him at least ten times in a day. In his Fits he had the use of his Speech and Reason free. Otherwise his Disease would have been judged no other than an ordinary Epilepsy. Much means was used by skil|ful Physitians for his relief, but without success for three Moneths together; when all on a sudden, a Daemon began to speak out of the miserable Patient; and that with not only Latin but Greek Sentences, which the affli|cted party himself had no knowledge of; and the Daemon discovered many secrets both of the Physitians and of other persons that attended, deriding them 〈◊〉 their vain at|tempts to cure a Man whom he had the pos|session of. There are sundry Authors (in special Balduinus in his Cases of Conscience, and Darrel in his History of the seven posses|sed persons in Lancashire) who have endea|voured to describe and characterise possessed persons. And such particulars as these fol|lowing are by them mentioned as signs of Possession.
1. If the party concerned shall reveal secret things, either past or future, which without Page 171 supernatural Assistance could not be known, it argueth Possession.
2. If he does speak with strange Langua|ges, or discover skill in Arts and Sciences ne|ver learned by him.
3. If he can bear burthens, and do things which are beyond humane strength.
4. Uttering words without making use of the Organs of speech, when persons shall be heard speaking, and yet neither their Lips nor Tongues have any motion, tis a sign that an evil spirit speaketh in them.
5. When the Body is become inflexible.
6. When the Belly is on a sudden puft up, and instantly flat again.
These are thought to be certain Arguments of an Energumenical person. Some other signs are mentioned by Thyraeus (de obsessis Part 2. Cap.25,26.)
There are who conceive (and that as they suppose upon Scripture grounds:) that Men may possibly be Daemoniacal, when none of those mentioned particulars can be affirmed of them. The Excellently learned and judi|cious Mr. Mede, is of Opinion, that the Dae|montacks whom we read so frequently of in the New-Testament, were the same with Epi|lepticks, Lunaticks, and Mad Men. The Turks at this day have their Mad men in great vene|ration, Page 172 supposing them to be acted by a spirit, but they (in that being themselves mad) take it to be a good when as 'tis an evil spirit that does operate in such persons. And that the Jews of old did look upon Maniacks to be possessed with an evil Spirit, is evident from that expression of theirs, Joh.10.20. He hath a Devil and is Mad. Moreover, we read of one, Mat.17.15. that was Lunatick, and did oft fall into the fire, and oft into the water. No• that this Lunatick person was a Daemoniack is clear from ver.18. where tis said, that Je|sus rebuked the Devil and he departed out of him. And of the same person tis said, in Luk.9.39. A Spirit taketh him and teareth him. So Beza and Heinsius, in Mat.8.16. & 17. 15. It has been commonly said that in Christs time more persons were possessed with evil Spirits than ever was known before or since; but if that were so, the Jews, and probably some Histori|ans would have noted it as a thing strange and extraordinary; whenas we read of no such observation to be made on those times. And saith Mr. Mede, (in his Discourse on John 10.20.) If those possessed Persons were not such as we now adayes conceive to be no other than Mad men, the World must be supposed to be well rid of Devils, which for my part I believe it is not. There is in special, a sort of Melancholy Page 173 madness, which is called Lycantbropia, or Lu|pina Insania, h. e. When Men imagine them|selves to be turned into Wolves or other Beasts. Hippocrates relates concerning the Daughters of King Praetus, that they thought themselves Kine. Wierus (de praestigiis Dae|monum, L.3.C.21.) speaketh of one in Pa|dua, that would not believe to the contrary but that he was a Wolf: and of a Spaniard, who thought himself a Bear. Euwichius (and from him Horestus) writeth of a Man that was found in a Barn under the Hay, howling and saying he was a Wolf. The foolish Rusticks, who surprized him, began to flay him, that so they might see if he had not hair growing on the inside of his skin. Fo|restus has many instances to this purpose. Heurnius saith, that it is a Disease frequent in Bohemia and Hungaria. No doubt but this Disease gave occasion to Pliny's Assertion, that some Men in his time were turned into Wolves, and from Wolves into Men again. Hence was Ovid's Fable of Lycaon, and the Tale of Pausanias, being ten years a Wolf, and then a Man again. He that would see more instances, may read Austin de civ. Dei. L.18. C.5. Burton of Melancholly. Pag.9. They that are subject unto this Malady, for the most part ly hid all the day, and go abroad Page 174 In the night, barking and howling at Gravel and in Desarts. We may suppose that Nebu|chadnezzar was troubled with this Disease. And that such persons are molested with a Daemon is evident from Luk 8.27. with Mark.5. 3,4. The possessed person there spoken of was Lycanthropos.
There are that acknowledge the existence of Spirits, and that the Bodies of men are sometimes really possessed thereby; who ne|vertheless will not believe there are any such woful creatures in rerum naturd, as Witches, or persons confoederate with the Devil. I have read of a famous Wizard, whose Name was William de Lure, that after he had la|boured much in opposing their Opinion, who think that there are Men on Earth joyn|ed in an explicit confoederacy with the fiends of Hell, was himself convicted and condem|ned for that crime which he designed to make the World believe that no Man was or could be guilty of. I shall not suspect all those as guilty of Witchcraft, nor yet of He|resie, who call the received Opinion, about Witches into question. There are four or five English Writers, viz. Mr. Scot, Ady, and of late Wagstaff and Webster, and another Anonymous Author; who do with great Page 175 vehemence affirm that never any did main|tain that familiarity with the evil Spirits, which is commonly believed. Wierus (other|wise a judicious Author) conceiveth that all those things supposed to be done by Witches are done by the evil Spirits themselves, with|out any confoederates. But he is sufficiently refuted by Binsfieldius, Bodinus, Sennertus, and others. True it is, that many things have been looked upon as proceding from Witch|craft, when it has not been so. The Sym|pathies and Antipathies of Nature have some|times been esteemed the effects of Witch|craft. A Sympathetical Powder, made with|out any Magical Ceremonies has done strange things, so as that the Artist which used it, has upon that account been suspected of Witchcraft. A Man may easily by such natural Magick, as is described by Porta, and by Weckerus de secretis make the ignorant be|lieve he is a Wizard. It is also true, that the World is full of Fabulous Stories concerning some kind of Familiarities with the Devil, and things done by his help, which are be|yond the power of Creatures to accomplish. What Fables are there concerning Incubt and Succubae and of Men begotten by Daemons? No doubt but the Devil may delude the fancy that one of his Vassals shall think (as the Page 176 Witch at Hartford did) that he has car••• and cursed Communion with them, beyond what is real. Nor is it impossible for him 〈◊〉 assume a dead Body, or to form a lifeless on• out of the Elements, and therewith to make his Witches become guilty of Sodomy. Austin saith, they are impudent who deny this. But to imagine that Spirits shall really generate Bodies, is irrational. I am not ignorant, th•• that there have been Men in the World (more than one or two) pretended to be thus begotten and born. Thus doth Niderius af|firm concerning all the old Inhabitants of the Isle of Cyprus. The like has been reported concerning Arcturus, and concerning our British Merlin. Yea, the Gentiles believed that Homer, AEneas, Hercules, and others were be|gotten by Daemons; whom thereupon they esteemed as Semidei. And Olympias the Mo|ther of Alexander the Great, supposed her self to be with Child by Jupiter Hammon. When her Husband King Philip of Macedo• was absent from her, Nectanebus (an E|gyptian Prince and a great Magician) sent her word that Jupiter would embrace her, and that he would come to her such a night in the form of a Dragon; at the time appoin|ted Nectanebus himself by his Magical impo|stures made Olympias believe that a Dragon Page 177 was in the room, and so did himself do that which the deluded Queen thought Jupiter had done. I doubt not but that Merlin and others imagined to come into the World not in the usual way, were the Sons of Daemons just as Alexander was. It has been a received maxim, that though the Devil may by his Art produce Insects and Vermin (to the ge|neration whereof a seminal v•rtue is not al|wayes necessary) yet he cannot bring forth a perfect animal. How then is it consistent with reason, that he should produce a real Man, who is of all Animals the most perfect, and noble? It is also extreamly Fabulous, that Witches can transform themselves or o|thers into another sort of Creatures, e. g. in|to Horses, Wolves, Cats, Mice, &c. Carmini|bus Circe jocios mutavit Ulyssis. A blind Hea|thenish phansie: And yet Stories of this nature have been generally believed; and I have not without wonderment seen grave Authors relating them, as if the things had been really so. But it is beyond the power of all the Devils in He•l to cause such a trans|formation; they can no more do it than they can be the Authors of a true Miracle (see Horstius Inst.Med.Disp.3.Exere•t.9.Quest.9.) Though I deny not but that the Devil may so impose upon the imagination of Witches Page 178 as to make them believe that they are trans|muted into Beasts. Sennertus (in Pract. Med.L.6. Part 9. Cap. 5.) reports that a No|ble Person, and one worthy of credit, gave him an account of a strange passage to this purpose, which himself was particularly ac|quainted with. The Story is this;
A certain Woman, being in Prison on suspi|cion for Witchcraft; pretending to be able to turn her self into a Wolf, the Magistrate before whom she was brought promised her, that she should not be put to death, in case she would then in his presence so transform her self. Which she readily consented unto. Accordingly she anointed her head, neck and arm-pits; immediately upon which she fell into a most profound sleep, for three hours; after which she suddenly rose up, declaring that she had been turned into a Wolf, and been at a place some miles distant, and there killed first a Sheep, and then a Cow; the Magistrate, presently sent to the place; and sound that first a sheep and then a Cow had there been killed. Wierus and Baptista Porta have divers Stories to the same purpose. It is then evident, that the Devil himself did that mischief, and in the mean time the Wit|ches who were cast into so profound a sleep by him, as that they could not by any noises Page 179 or blows be awakened, has their Phansies imposed upon by Dreams and Delusions ac|cording to the pleasure of their Master Satan. It must moreover, be sadly confessed, that many innocent persons have been put to death under the notion of Witch-craft, where|by much innocent blood hath been shed. Especially it hath been so in Popish times and places. Superstitious and Magical wayes of trying Witches have been a bloody cause of those Murders. Sometimes Per|sons have been tried for Witch-craft by hot, sometimes by cold water (of which more in the eighth Chapter of this Essay) sometimes by pricking them; sometimes by sticking Awls under their Seats, sometimes by their ability, or otherwise to repeat the Lords Prayer.
An Irish Witch which was tried at Toughall, Sept.11. 1661. being by the Court put upon repeating the fifth Petition, alwayes left out the words Forgive us our Trespasses. Another Witch tried at Taunton 1663. could not repeat the last Petition, but though she was directed to say it after one that repeated it distinctly, would say Leadus into Temptation, and could never repeat it right, though she tried to do it half a score times. But Judge Page 180Arche•••d wisely admonish the Jury, that they were not in the least measure to guid their Verdict by that, since it was no legal e|vidence. The Author of the Advertisement to Mr. Glanvil's Relations (P.171.) saith that his curiosity led him to examine certain Wit|ches at the Castle in Cambridge, and that the most notorious Witch of them all pleaded that she was no Witch, because she was able to say the Lords Prayer and the Creed, and though she was out in repeating the Creed, she said the Lords Prayer right. But from such considerations as those which have been men|tioned; Wierus and some others not Atheists but persons of worth, have 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 run into an extream on the other hand, so as to question whether there were any persons really confoederate with the infernal spirits. Nevertheless, that there have been such, the following Arguments do manifest.
1. The Argument by many insisted on from the Scripture is irrefragable. Therein Witch-crafts are forbidden. And we often read in the Scripture of Metaphorical Be|witchings, Noehum 3.4. Gal. 3.1. which Simi|litudes are undoubtedly taken from things that have a real existence in rerum nature. Yea, the Scripture makes particular mention of many that used those cursed Arts and Fa|miliarities Page 181 with the Devil, e. g. Jannes, and Jambres, Balaam, Manasseh, Simon, Elymas. Nor is the Relation which the Scripture gi|veth of the Witch of Endor, and the reasons from thence deduced, to prove the being of Witches, sufficiently confuted by any of our late Witch-Advocate. Though (as one speak|eth) some men to elude the Argument from that instance, play more Hocus-Pocus tricks in the Explication of that passage than the Witch her self did in the raising deceased Samuel. It is a poor evasion in those who think to e|scape the dint of this Argument, by pretend|ing that the Witches and Familiar Spirits spo|ken of in the Scripture, were only Juglers, or men that by Legerdemain would do strange feats of activity. The Divine Law requires that such Witches should be cut off by the Sword of Justice; which may not be affirm|ed of every one that shall without any con|foederacy with the Devil play tricks of Le|gerdemain.
2. Experience has too often made it ma|nifest that there are such in the World as hold a co•respondence with Hell. There have bin known Wizards; yea such as have taught o|thers what Ceremonies they are to use in maintaining communion with Devils. Tri|themius his Book de septem Intelligentiis, and Page 182Cornelius Agrippa's Books of occult Philoso|phy, wherein too much of these nefandous abominations is described, are frequently in the hands of men. Several other Books there are extant, which do professedly teach the way of Familiarity with Daemons. The Titles whereof, as also the Names of the Au|thors that have published them, I designedly forbear to mention, lest haply any one into whose hands this Discourse may come, should out of wicked curiosity seek after them to the ruine of his soul. There are famous Hi|stories of several, who had their Paredr• or Familiar Spirits, some in one likeness, some in another, constantly attending them. Thus had Apollonius, Thyanaeus of old. And of later times Mich. Scot, and Josephus Niger. Likewise Cardanus (de subtilitate, Lib. 19. P. 963.) writeth, that his own Father had such a Familiar for thirty years together. So had Christopher Waganeer a Familiar in the form of an Ape for seven years attending him; so had T••pardus, which two were at last carried away Body and Soul by the Devil; unto whose service they had devoted their lives. There is also a true (as well as a Romantick) Story of •••ustus. The excellent Camera|•ius in his Herae subsecivae Cent. 1. Cap.70. re|•ateth strange things of him, which he recei|ved Page 183 from those who knew Faustus, and were Ey-witnesses of his Magical and Diabolical Impostures: He also had a familiar Devil in form of a Monk accompanying of him for the space of twenty four years. Housdor|fius, and Lonicer ad 2 Praec. P. 167. speak of Faustus. Melancthen declares that he knew the Man: so that Naudeus is to be convinced of va|nity, in denying that ever there was such a Person in the World. In a word, it is a thing known, that there have been Men who would discourse in Languages, and reason no|tably about Sciences which they never learn|ed; who have revealed Secrets, discovered hidden Treasures, told whither stolen Goods have been conveyed, and by whom; and that have caused Bruit Creatures, nay Statues or Images to speak, and give rational Answers. The Jews Teraphims oftentimes did so: vide R. Sol. Jarchi in Hos.3.4. Selden de diis syriis. Part 1. Cap.2. Thom. contra gentes Lib. 3. Cap. 104. Such things as these cannot be done by the help of meer natural causes. It must needs be then, that the practisers of them are in confoederacy with Satan.
3. There have been many in the World, who have upon conviction confessed them|selves guilty of Familiarity with the Dev••• A multitude of Instances this way are 〈◊〉Page 184 by Bodinus, Codronebus, Delrio, Jac|querius, Remigius, and others. Some in this Countrey have affirmed, that they knew a Man in another part of the World, above fifty years ago, who having an ambitious de|sire to be thought a wise man; whilest he wa• tormented with the Itch of his wicked Ambi|tion, the Devil came to him, with promises that he should quickly be in great reputation for his wisdom, in case he would make a cove|nant with him; the conditions whereof were, that when Men came to him for his counsel, he should labour to perswade them that there is no God, nor Devil, nor Heaven, nor Hell; and that such a term of years being expired, the Devil should have his Soul. The Articles were consen•ed to. The Man continuing after this to be of a very civil Conversation, doing hu•t to none, but good to many; and by degrees began to have a Name to be a person of extraordinary sagacity, and was sought unto far and neat for counsel, his Wo•ds being esteemed Oracles by the vulgar. And he did according to his Covenant upon all occasions secretly disseminate Principles of Atheism, not being suspected for a Wi|zard. But a few weeks before the time in|dented with the Devil was fulfilled; inex|pres••• horror of Conscience surprized him, Page 185 so that he revealed the secret transactions which had passed betwixt himself and the Devil. He would sometimes, with hideous roarings tell those that came to visit him, that now he knew that there was a God and a Devil, and an Heaven, and an Hell. So did he die a miserable spectacle of the righteous and fearful judgement of God. And every Age does produce new Examples of those that have by their own confession made the like cursed Covenants with the Prince of Darkness.
In the Year 1664, Several who were In|dicted at the Assizes held at Taunton in So|mersetshire, confessed that they had made an Explicit League with the Devil, and that he did Baptise Pictures of Wax with Oyl, gi|ving them the Names of those persons they did intend mischief unto.
Annu. 1678. One John Stuart, and his Sister Annabil Stuart, at the Assizes held at Paysley in Scotland, confessed that they had been in confoederacy with the Devil; and that they had made an Image of Wax, cal|ling it by the name of St. George Maxwel, sticking Pins in the sides and on the breast of it. Such an Image with pins in it, was re|ally found in the Witches Houses; and upon the removal of it, the pins being taken out, Page 186 Sir George had immediate ease, and recovered his health.
There is lately published (by Dr. Horneck) the History of the Witches in Sweden, by whose means that Kingdom was fearfully pla|gued: upon Examination they confessed their crime, & were executed in the year 1670.
And no longer since than the last year, viz. on Aug.25. 1682. three women who were exe|cuted at Exon in Devonshire, all of them con|fessed that they had had converses and fami|liarities with the Devil.
But the Instance of the Witch Executed in Hartford, here in New-England (of which the preceding Chapter giveth an account) considering the circumstances of that Con|fession, is as convictive a proof as most single examples that I have met with. It is a vain thing, for the Patrons of Witches to think that they can Sham off this Argument, by suggesting that these Confessions did pro|ceed from the deluded imaginations of Mad and Melancholly persons. Some of them were as free from distemperature in their Brains, as their Neighbours. That divers Executed for Witches have acknowledged things against themselves which were never so, I neither doubt or deny. And that a de|luded Phansie may cause persons verily to Page 187 think they have seen and done these things which never had any Existence, except in their own Imaginations is indisputable. I fully concur with a passage which I find, in Worthy Dr. Owen's late excellent Discourse about the work of the Spirit in Prayer (Page 202.) where he has these words: We find by experience that some have had their Imagina|tions so fixed on things evil and noxious by sata|nical Delusions, that they have confessed against themselves things and crimes that have rendred them obnoxious to Capital Punishment, whereof they were never really and actually guilty. This not withstanding, that Persons whose Judgement and Reason has been free from disturbance by any Disease, should not only voluntarily acknowledge their being in cur|sed Familiarities with Satan, but mention the particular circumstances of those Transacti|ons, and give ocular demonstration of the truth of what they say, by discovering the Stigmata made upon their bodies, by the De|vils hand: and that when more than one or two have been examined apart, they should agree in the circumstances of their Relations, and yet that all this should be the meer effect of Melancholly or Phrensie, cannot without offering violence to Reason and common Sense be Imagined. And as there are Witches Page 188 so many times they are the causes of those strange disturbances which are in houses haunted by Evil Spirits, such as those menti|oned in the former Chapter. Instances con|cerning this may be seen in Mr. Glanvils Col|lections, together with the continuation there|of; published the last year by the Learned Dr. Henry More. Sometimes providence per|mits the Devil himself (without the use of In|struments) to molest the houses of some as a punishment for sin committed. Most com|monly either for the sin of Murder. Plutarch writes that the House of Pusanias was haun|ted by an evil spirit after he had Murdered his Wife. Many like Instances have been reported and recorded by credible Authors. Or else for the sin of Theft. As for Walton the Quaker of Portsmouth, whose House has been so strangely troubled, he suspects that one of his Neighbours has caused it by witch|craft, she (being a Widow-woman) chargeth him with injustice in detaining some Land from her. It is none of my work to reflect upon the Man, nor will I do it; only if there be any late or old guilt upon his Conscience it concerns him by Confession and Repen|tance to give Glory to that God, who is able in strange wayes to discover the sins of Men. I shall here take occasion to commemorate Page 189 an alike notable scene of Providence, which was taken notice of in another part of the World Soil. at Brightling in Sussex in England: The Minister in that Town (viz. Mr. Jo|seph Bennet) has given a faithful account of that strange Providence, which is published by Mr. Clark in his Examples, Vol. 2. Page 593, &c. I shall relate it in his Words, thus he writeth concerning it:
Anno Christi 1659. There was at Bright|ling an amazing Providence, containing ma|ny strange passages. A wonderful hand of God, by what Instrument or Instruments soever: which was, a fire strangely kindled, which burnt down a Mans house, and after|wards kindled in another, to which the mans Goods were carried, and to which, himself, and his Wife, and his Servant Girl were re|moved; and several things were thrown by an invisible hand, powerfully convincing, and thereby discovering the Hypocrifie and Theft of the Man, and for a warning to o|thers to take heed of the like.
November 7. In the Evening. The fire first kindled in this Man's Milk-house, and November 9. there was dust thrown upon this Man and his Wife, as they lay in Bed together, and there was knocking several Page 190 times and the same morning divers things were thrown about, and the Fire again kindled in the Milk-house, which was yet put out by the Woman her self; then it kindled in the Eves of the house, in the Thatch, which was put out by a Man which was their next Neighbour. That night as the Man had a pot of Beer in his hand, a stone fell into the Pot: then did he set down the pot upon the Table. When some Men came to be with them that night, they were speaking how convenient it would be to have a Tub filled with Water, to stand ready, in case they should have occasion to use it, and as they were going out of the door to prepare it, the fire again kindled in the Milk-house, and suddenly the whole house was on fire, but most of the Goods and Houshold-stuff were carried out and preserved: The fire was a strange fire, ve|ry white, and not singing their hands when they pulled the things out of it.
The next day the Houshold-stuff was carried to another house, wherein was a Family: but those were to be in one end of the House, and the other, in the o|ther end. But before the Man and his Wife went to Bed, there was dust thrown upon them, which so troubled them, that Page 191 the Man having another Man with them, and a Candle and Lanthorn in his hand, came up to me (saith my Author) who was in Bed, and asleep, but when I was a|wakened, I heard him say, The hand of God still pursues me, and so he intreated me to go down with him, and accordingly I and my Brother went down, where we found them in the house, greatly troubled by reason of things that were thrown about, and some things were thrown presently after we came in. Hereupon we went to Prayer, and as I was kneeling down, dust was thrown up|on me, but afterwards all was quiet, so long as we were 〈◊〉 Prayer. When we arose from Prayer, I applied my self to the read|ing of a portion of Scripture, which was Psal.91. The Man standing by me, and holding the Candle, but presently some|thing did beat out the Light; whereupon the Man said, That some body else must hold it. Presently a Knife was thrown at me, which fell behind me; my Brother said, he saw it come. Then a chopping Knife was thrown (I think at the Man's Wife) whereupon the Man said, Things are thrown at others for my sake. At length he fell upon his knees, and confessed that he had been an Hypo|erite, and a Pilfering Fellow, and that he Page 192 had robbed his Master, &c. and he wa• willing to separate the things which he had taken wrongfully from the rest, which he did accordingly; laying forth several things which he said, were none of his, naming the persons from whom he had taken them: And as a great Chest was carrying forth, Trenchers, Platters, and other things were thrown about in so dreadful a manner, that one not much noted for Religion, said, pray you let us go to Prayer; and indeed that was our only Refuge, so to go to God; and so we spent our time as well as we could, in Prayer, reading some portions of Scripture; and singing of Psalms: And though di|vers things were thrown, as a Dish several times, so that once I had a smart blow on the Cheek with a Dish, and the Man that lived in the House had his Boots thrown at him, and a chopping Knife twice; Crabs out of a Tub standing in the midst of the room, a fire Brand though without fire, and an hammer thrown twice, and a Bible. The Man's Wife who lived in the house, usually took up the things thus thrown; yet still in time of Prayer, all was quiet. In the morning after I had prayed (before which Prayer I was hit with a Dish) my Brother and I came away, and as we were coming Page 193 near home, we turned aside to speak with a Friend, but before we got home, we heard that the house was on fire: hereupon they sent for me again, and in the mean time, they carried out their Goods, pulled off the Thatch, and quenched the fire; yet (as I beard) it kindled again, and again, till all the Man's Goods were carried out: and when these People whose House was burnt down to the ground, together with all their Goods, were removed into the Field, all was quiet in this second house; But some things were thrown in the Field; and in the after|noon, when another Minister and I went to them, some assured us that some things had been thrown. This was November II. the night following some noise was heard among the Houshold-stuff, as was testified to me.
Thus these poor Creatures were distressed, their House was burned down, that to which they were removed several times fi|ed, so that neither they nor their Goods might stay any longer there, nor durst any other receive them: but they, with their Goods were forced to lie in the open Field for divers dayes and nights together; being made a sad spectacle to all sorts of people that came far and near, to see and hear of Page 194 the Business. Hereupon I sent to some neighbouring Ministers, to joyn with us in keeping a Fast on November 15. and four spent the time in Prayer and Preaching. The Sermons were upon these Texts, Joh 11. 13. If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thine hands towards him: if Iniquity be in thine hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in thy Tabernacles: For then shalt thou lift up thy Face without spot; yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not be afraid; &c. Amos 3. 6. Shall a Trumpet be blown in the City, and the People not be afraid? shall there be evil in a City and the LORD hath not done it? Luk. 13. 2, 3. &c. suppose ye that these Galileans were sinners above all the Ga|lileans, because they suffered such things? I tell you nay: But except ye Repent, ye shall all like|wise perish: or those eighteen, &c. Isai. 33. ••.•5,16. The Sinners in Sion are afraid, fearfulness hath surprized the Hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with devouring fire? Who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings? He that walketh righteously and speaketh uprightly: he that despiseth the gain of Oppression, that shaketh his hand from hold|ing Bribes, that stoppeth his Ears from hearing of blood, and shutt•eth his eyes from seeing of evil: He shall dwell on high. His place of Page 195 desire shall be the munitions of Rocks: Bread shall be given him, his Water shall be sure.
That the things which have been related in the Chapter immediately praeceding, came not to pass without the operation of Daemens is so manifest, as that I shall not spend many words concerning it. Though whether the afflicted persons were only possessed, or be|witched, or both, may be disputed. As for the Maid at Groton, she was then thought to be under bodily possession: Her uttering ma|ny things (some of which were Diabolical Railings) without using the Organs of speech, and being able sometimes to act above humane strength, argued an extraordinary &c. Satanical operation, Concerning the Woman Page 197 in Berwick. Evil Spirits without being set on• work by Instruments, have sometimes caused she like Molestation; but commonly such things are occasioned by Witchcraft. Dr. Balthasar Han (who was chief Physitian to the Prince Elector of Saxony) relates con|cerning one of his Patients: that in Novem|ber 1634. She was to the amazement of all Spectators, pricked and miserably beaten by an invisible hand; so as that her body from head to foot was wounded, as if she had been whipped with Thorns. Sometimes a perfect sign of the Cross was imprinted in her skin; Sometimes the usual configurations whereby Astronomers denote the Caelestial Bodies, such as 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 and their Conjunctions, and op|positions by 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 and the Characters used by Chymists 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉&c. (in which Sciences, though that be not usual for those of her Sex, she was versed) These Characters would re|main for several Weeks after the invisible hand had violently impressed them on her body; also a Needle was thrust into her foot, which caused it to bleed. Once she took the Needle & put it into the fire; & then an Old Woman to whom she had given some of her wearing Linnen, appeared to her with a staff in her hand, striking her with a cruel blow, &c. saying Give me my Needle. At last the mise|rable Page 198 Patient by constant attendance to pray|er and other Religious Exercises was delive|red from her affliction. Many Instances of an alike nature to this, are to be seen in the Writings of those that Treat upon Subjects of this kind. Sometimes (as Voetius and o|thers observe) bodily possessions by evil Spi|rits are an effect of Witch-craft. Examples confirming this, are mentioned by Hier•m, in the life of Hilarion; Theodoret in his Histo|ry of the Fathers, and by Anastasius. And there are more Instances in Sprenger, and in Tyraeus de Daemoniacis. It may be Ann Cole of Hartford might be subject to both of these miseries at the same time. Though she be (and then was) esteemed a truly pious Christian; such amazing Afflictions may be|fall the Righteous as well as the Wicked in this World. The holy Body of Job, that so his patience might be tried, was sorely hand|led by Satan. We read in the Gospel of a Daughter of Abraham, whom Satan had bound for eighteen years, Luk. 13. 16. Mary Magdalen, and several others who had been molested and possessed by Evil Spirits, yet be|longed to God, and are now in Heaven. So ••ght Ann Cole be a true Christian, and yet be for a time under Satan's power as hath been •olated. And that her Malady was not a Page 199 meer natural Disease, is past all doubt, inas|much as in those strange Paroxysmes where|with she was at times surprized, the tone of her Discourse would sometimes be after a Language unknown to her. Lemnius indeed supposeth that Melancholly Humors may cause persons not only to divine, but to speak with strange Tongues; And Forestus Lib. 10. observat 19.) does not contradict his Opinion. But the unreasonableness of that Phansie has been sufficiently evinced by sundry Learned Men. Vide Johnston, Thaumatograph, Sect.10. Chap.7. Art.1. La Torr, Disp. 27. How shall that be in the Mouth which never was in the mind; and how should that be in the mind, which never came there through the outward senses? This cannot be without some super|natural influence. As when things destitute of Reason, have given rational Answers un|to what hath been demanded of them; it must needs have proceded from the opera|tion of a supernatural Agent. It is reported that one of the Popes in way of pleasan•y, saying to a Parrat, what art thou thinking of? the Parrat immediately replied, I have consi|dered the dayes of old, the years of antient times; at the which, Consternation fell upon the Pope and others that heard the Words, con|cluding that the Devil spake in the Parrat,Page 200 abusing Scripture Expressions; whereupon they caused it to be killed. De La Cerda speaketh of a Crow, that did discourse rati|onally; undoubtedly, it was acted by a Caco-Daemon: Some write of A•billes his Horse, and that Simon Magus had a Dog that would. Discourse with him; yea, it is storied con|cerning the River Causus, and the Keel of Ship Argus; and of many Statues, that they have been heard speaking. The Image of Memnon in AEgypt, as the rising Sun shined upon its Mouth began to speak. The Image of Juno Moneta, being asked if she would be removed to Rome: Replied, that she would. The Image of Fortune being set up, said rite me consacrastis. Valer. Maxim. Lib. I Capult. A Gymnosophist in Ethiopia caused an Elm with a low and soft voice to salute Apollonius. Such things must needs be the operation of Caco-Daemons. The like is to be concluded, when any shall utter themselves in Languages which they were never learned. It is not they but a Spirit which speaketh in them. The No|ble Man whom Fernelius Writeth of, was first known to be possessed by a Daemon, inasmuch as many Sentences uttered by him were Greek, in which Languages the Diseased per|son had no knowledge. A Maid in Frank|for• was concluded to be possessed, it that Page 201 when in her Fits, she could speak the High Dutch Language perfectly, though she never learned it. Manlius writeth of a possessed Woman, who used to speak Latin, and Greek to the admiration of all that heard it.
I remember an Honourable Gentleman told me; that when he was at Somers in France a Woman there was possessed with a Devil; many Learned Divines, both Protestants and Papists discoursing with her; she would rea|dily answer them, not only in the French Tongue, but in Latin, Greek or Hebrew. But when one Mr. Duncan, after he had Dis•••|sed and received Answers in more learned Languages, spake to her in the British tongue, the Daemon made no Reply; which occasi|oned great wonderment, and too much sport|ing about a sad and serious matter.
Concerning Apparitions. That they are not so frequent in places where the Gospel prevaileth as in dark corners of the Earth. That good An|gels do sometimes visibly appear. Confirmed by several Histories. That Caco-daemons often|times pretend to be good Angels. That Satan may appear in the likeness of Holy men; proved by notable Instances. Concerning the appearance of Persons Deceased. The procuring cause there|of is usually some sin committed. Some late re|markable Examples. Of Mens Covenanting to appear after their Death. It is an heavy judge|ment when places are infested with such doleful Spectres.
As yet no place, nor a•• person in New|England (excepting the Instances be|fore mentioned) have been troubled with Aparitions: Some indeed have given out, that I know not what Spectres were seen by them; but upon enquiry, I cannot find that there was any thing therein, more than Phansie, and frightful Apprehensions with|out sufficient ground. Nevertheless, that Spirits have sometimes really (as well as ima|ginarily) appeared to Mortals in the World, Page 203 is amongst sober Men beyond contrioversie. And that such things were of old taken no|tice of, we may rationally conclude from that Scripture, Luk. 24. 37. where it is said, that the Disciples were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a Spirit. It is observable, that such frightful Spectres do most frequently shew themselves in places where the light of the Gospel hath not prevailed. Some have propounded it as a question wor|thy the inquiring into; What should be the reason that Daemons did ordinarily infest the Gentiles of old, as also the East and West In|dians of later times, and that Popish Coun|tries are still commonly and grievously mo|lested by them; but in England, and Scotland, and in the united Provinces, and in all Lands where the Reformed Religion hath taken place, such things are more rare. Popish Au|thors do acknowledge that as to matter of fact it is really thus; and the reason which some of them assign for it, is, that the Devils are so sure of their Interest in Heretical Na|tions, as that they pass over them, and come & molest Papists, whom they are most afraid of losing. But they should rather have at|tributed it to the Light of the Gospel, and the power of Christ going along therewith. Justin Martyr, Tertullian, and others observe Page 204 that upon the first promulgation of the Go|spel, those Diabolical Oracles, whereby Satan had miserably deceived the Nations, were si|lenced; in which respect the Word of Christ Luk.10.17. was wonderfully fulfilled. The like may be said as to Protestant being less im|posed upon then Popish Nations, by deceitful Daemons. It is moreover, sometimes very difficult to pass a true judgement of the Spectres which do appear, whether they are good or evil Angels, or the Spirits of decea|sed men. That Holy Angels were frequent|ly seen in old times, we are from the Scri|ptures of truth assured. And that the Ange|lical ministration doth still continue is past doubt, Heb.1.14. But their visible appearance is less frequent than formerly. They do in|visibly perform many a good Office for the Heirs of Salvation continually. Nor is it to be questioned, but they may still appear visi|bly, when the work which they are sent about cannot otherwise be performed. I would not reject as fabulous all those passages which are related by Judicious Authors referring to this subject.
At a time when Grynaeus, Melancthon, and several other learned Men were discoursing together at an House in Spyres, there came a Man of very grave and godly countenance Page 205 into the House, desiring to speak with Me|lancthon; who going forth to him, he told him that within one hour some Officers would be at that house to apprehend Grynaeus, and therefore required Melancthon to advise Grynaeus to flee out of that City; and having so spoken, he vanished out of sight. Me|lancthon returning into the room, recounted the words of this strange Monitor; where|upon Grynaeus instantly departed; and he had no sooner Boated himself upon the Rhine, but Officers came to lay hold of him. This Sto|ry is mentioned by Melancthon in his Com|mentary upon Daniel. And he concludeth that the Man who had appeared to him was indeed an Angel, sent in order to Grynaeus his being delivered from the bloody hands of them that sought his life. Many Instances like to this I could mention. But I shall only take notice of a strange providence which came to pass of late years; the particulars whereof are known to some who I suppose may be still living.
I find the History of the matter I intend in Mr. Clark's Examples, Vol. 2. Page 18, 19. It is in brief as followeth;
One Samuel Wallas of Stamford in Lincolnshire, having been in a Consumption for thir|teen years, was worn away to a very skeleton Page 206 and lay bed-rid for four years. But April 9. 1659. being the Lords Day, about 6 h. P.M. Finding himself somewhat revived, he got out of the Bed, and as he was reading a Book Entituled, Abraham's suit for Sodom, he heard some body knock at the Door. Whereupon (there being none then in the house but him|self) he took a staff in the one hand, and leaning to the wall with the other, came to the door, and opening it, a comely and grave old Man of a fresh complexion, with white curled Hair, entred; and after walking seve|ral times about the room, said to him, Friend, I perceive you are not well. To whom Wallas replied, he had been ill many years, and that the Doctors said his Disease was a Consum|ption, and past cure, and that he was a poor Man, and not able to follow their costly pre|scriptions, only he committed himself and life into the hands of God, to dispose of as he pleased. To whom the Man replied, Thou sayest very well, be sure to fear God, and serve him; and remember to observe what now I say to thee; Tomorrow morning go into the Gar|den, and there take two leaves of red Sage, and one of Blood-wort; and put those three Leaves into a cup of small Beer, and drink thereof as oft as need requires; the fourth Morning cast away those Leaves, and put in Page 207 fresh ones, thus do for twelve dayes together; and thou shalt find e're these twelve dayes be expired, through the help of God thy Disease will be cured, and the frame of thy body al|tered. Also he told him that after his strength was somewhat recovered, he should change the Air, and go three or four Miles off; and that within a Moneth he should find that the Clothes which he had on his Back would then be too strait for him: Having spoken these things, he again charged Samuel Wallas to remember the Directions given to him, but above all things to fear God, and serve him. Wallas asked him, if he would eat any thing? unto whom he answered, No Friend, the Lord Christ is sufficient for me. Seldom do I drink any thing but what cometh from the Rock. So wishing the Lord of Heaven to be with him, he departed. Samuel Wallas saw him go out of the door, and went to shut the door after him, at which he returned half way into the Entry again, saying Friend, Re|member what I have said to you, and do it, but above all fear God, and serve him. Wallas be|held the Man passing in the Street, but none else observed him, though some were then standing in the doors opposite to Wallas his House. And although it Rained when this Grave Person came into the House, and had Page 208 done so all that day, yet he had not one space of wet or dirt upon him. Wallas followed the Directions prescribed, and was restored to his Health within the dayes mentioned. The Fame of this strange Providence being noi|sed abroad, sundry Ministers met at Stam|ford, to consider and consult about it, who concluded that this cure was wrought by a good Angel, sent from Heaven upon that Er|rand. However it is not impossible, but that Holy Angels may appear, and visibly converse with some. Yet for any to desire such a thing is unwarrantable, and exceeding dangerous. For thereby some have been imposed upon by wicked Daemons, who know how to trans|form themselves into Angels of Light.
Bodinus hath a strange Relation of a Man that prayed much for the assistance of an An|gel; and after that for above thirty years to|gether, he thought his prayer was heard; be|ing often admonished of his Errors by a Cae|lestial Monitor, as he apprehended, who once appeared visibly in the form of a Child; o|therwhile in an orb of Light. Would some|times speak to him when he saw nothing. Yet some fear that this Spirit which he took to be his good Genius was a subtle Cacodaemon. Plato writeth concerning Socrates, that he had a good Genius attending him, which Page 209 would still admonish him if he were about to do any thing that would prove ill or un|happy.
The Story of the Familiarity which was between Dr. Dee and Kellet, with the Spirits which used to appear to them, is famously known. Those Daemons would pretend to discover rare Mysteries to them, and at ••nes would give them good Advices in many things, so that they verily thought they had had ex|traordinary communion with Holy Angels, whena• it is certain they were deceived by subtile and unclean. Devils, since the spirits they conversed with, did at last advise them to break the seventh Commandment of the Moral Law. Satan to insinuate himself and carry on a w••ked design, will sometimes seem to perswade Men unto great Acts of Piety.
Remigius (and from him others) write of a young Man whose Name was Theodore Maillot, unto whom a Daemon appearing, ad|vised him to reform his life, to abstain from Drunkenness, Therts, Uncleanness, and the like evils; and to Fast twice a Week, to be constant in attendance upon publick wor|ship, and to be very charitable to the Poor.
The like pious Advice did another Daemon follow a certain Woman with, unto whom he Page 210 appeared. Could a good Angel have given better Counsel? but this was Satans policy, hoping that thereby he should have gained an advantage to take silly Souls alive in his cruel Snare. Like as Thieves upon the Road will sometimes enter into Religious Discourse, that so their fellow-Travellers may have good thoughts of them, and be the more easily dispoyled by them. And as the evil Spirit will speak good Words, so doth he sometimes appear in the likeness of good Men, to the end that he may the more effectually deceive and delude all such as shall be so unhappy as to entertain converses with him. No doubt but that he knows how to transform himself into the shape of not only an ordinary Saint, but of an Apostle, or holy Prophet of God, 2 Cor.11.13,14. This we may gather from the sacred History of dead Samuel's appear|ing to Saul. Some are of Opinion that real Samuel spake to Saul, his Soul being by Ma|gical incantations returned into his Body, so divers of the Fathers and School-men; also Mendoza, Delrio, and other Popish Authors. Of late M. Glanvil and Dr. Windet, do in|part favour that notion. But Tertullian, and the Author of the Quest. and Respons. which pass under the Name of Justin Martyr are of the judgement, that a lying Daemon ap|peared Page 211 to Saul in Samuel's likeness. Our Pro|testant Divines generally are of this judgement. It was customary amongst the Gentiles for Magicians and Necromancers to cause dead persons to appear, and they would bring whomsoever they were desired to call for. Thus did a Wizard by Pompeys command, call a dead Souldier, of whom he enquired of the event of the Pharsalic War, vide Lucan Lib.6. Many Examples to this purpose, are Recor|ded in the Histories of former times; and mentioned by the old Poets. Those Appari|tions were Cacodaemons, which feigned them|selves to be the Spirits of Men departed. I see no cogent reason why we should not con|clude the like with respect unto Samuel's ap|pearing unto Saul. Most certain it is, that the Souls of holy Men departed, are not un|der the power of Devils, much less of Ma|gicians to bring them hither when they please. As for those that are gone into the other World, there is a Gulf fixed, that if men would they cannot pass into this World again without leave, Luk.16.26. If Dives could not bring Lazarus his Soul out of Abraham's Bo|some, how the Witch of Endor should be a|ble to bring Samuel's Soul from thence I know not. Lyra (and from him others) pretends that God then interposed and sent real SamuelPage 212 as he unexpectedly appeared to Baalam, when imployed about his Magical impostures. But I dare not believe that the Holy God, or the true Samuel would seem so far to countenance Necromancie or Psycomancy as this would be, should the Soul of Samuel really return into the World, when a Witch called for him, Saul desiring that it might be so. This Opi|nion establisheth Necromancy, the main Prin|cipal upon which that cursed and lying Art is built, being this, that it is possible for men to cause the Souls of dead persons to be brought back again. This seeming Samuel did not at all ascribe his appearance to the extraordinary Providence of God, but rather to the Devil, since he complained that Saul had by the Witch disquieted him. The appearing Sam|uel was seen ascending out of the Earth, when|as the true Samuel would rather have appear|ed as descending from Heaven. Moreover the words of the Witches, Samuel, when he said, tommorrow thou and thy Sons shall be with me, 1 Sam.29.18. are hardly consistent with truth. Nor is it likely, that the true Samuel would Preach nothing but Desperation to Saul, without so much as once exhorting him in a way of Repentance, to endeavour that his peace might be made with that God whom he had provoked by his sins, V. P. Martyr. in Page 213 1Sam.28. P.161,162. and Voet. de Spectris Page 1006. This Instance then, doth suffi•cently prove that Satan may appear in the shape of an holy Man. Some acknowledge that he may do so as to persons that are dead, but that he cannot personate good and innocent Men who are still living. It is by some reported, that Mr. Cotton did once deliver such a notion. Nothing is more frequent, then for the judg|ment of worthy Men to be misrepresented after they are gone, and not capable of clear|ing themselves. I know Mr. Cotton was a Man of great reading, and of deep Judg|ment. I shall therefore rather suppose that they who relate Mr. Cotton's Opinion, did themselves mistake him, then believe that a Man so learned and wise, would express him|self, as some say he did. Sure I am, that Au|thentick Historians mention Examples to the contrary.
Memorable is that which Lavater (de spe|ctris Part. I Cap.19. P. mi•i 86.) hath testi|fied, sc. That the Praefect of Zurick travelling abroad with his Servant betimes in the Morn|ing, they saw an honest Citizen committing nefandous villany, at the which being a|stonished, they returned back, and knocking at the Citizens door, they found him in his own House, nor had he been abroad that Page 214 Morning, so that what the Praefect and his Servant beheld, appeared to be nothing else but a Diabolical illusion; a spiteful Daemon designing to blast the credit, and take away the life of an innocent man. It is also reported by Albertus Granzius (Lib. 4. Cap. 5.) that Kunegund the Empress, was for some time thought to be guilty of A|dultery, by reason that a Noble person was frequently seen going out of her Chamber; but it after appeared that the suspected Noble person had not been there, only a Daemon in his shape. I concern not my self, with the Au|thentickness of that Relation. The Matter in hand is sufficiently confirmed by a thing that hapned more lately, and nearer home: For if any of the old Puritans, who, lived in Colchester in England, fifty years ago, be yet surviving, they can doubtless remember the strange things which hapned to one Mr. Earl, a young man in those dayes. The De|vil did then frequently appear to him in the shape of some of his acquaintance, and would perswade him to three things. 1. That he should abstain from Praying. 2. That he should not frequent Church-Meetings. 3. That he should never Marry. But he did not hearken to these suggestions. The night wherein he was Married, soon after he and Page 215 his Wife were Bedded, the Devil came into the room, and pulled two of his Teeth out of his head, which put him to great pain; where|upon he cried out, and when his Friends came in, they found his Mouth bloody, and used means to ease his pain. This Mr. Earl was afterwards for the space of ten years e|ver and anon assaulted by the Devil, who un|der many appearances of his Friends, did en|deavour to seduce him. There were their two famous Men Ministers of those parts, viz. Mr. John Rogers of Dedham, (who was Father to the late eminent Mr. Nathaniel Ro|gers of Ipswich in New-England) and Mr. Liddal of Colchester. With these Mr. Earl did converse for comfort and instruction; but chiefly with Mr. Liddal, then whom there was not a man more eminent for Godliness. It fell out once that the Devil came to Mr. Earl in Mr. Liddal's shape, and as Mr. Earl's custom was, he did propose to the seeming Mr. Lid|dal his cases of Conscience, but found that Mr. Liddal did not Discourse after his ordi|nary rate, which made him suspect whether he was not imposed upon by a deceitful Dae|mon. The next Day going to Mr. Liddal's House, he enquired whether he was with him the Day before, Mr. Liddal told him that he was not; then said Mr. Earl it was my Ene|my Page 216 in your shape. What a miserable Man am I, that know not when I speak with my Enemy or with my Friend? To which Mr. Liddal replied, if you would know when you speak with a Spirit or with a Man, remember and follow the advice of Christ; who when he appeared to his Disciples after his Resurre|ction, and they thought he had been a Spirit, and were therefore troubled; he said to them, bandle me and see, for a Spirit hath not Flesh and Bones as you see me have, Luk.24.39. This Advice Mr. Earl followed. For not long af|ter the Devil coming to him in Mr. Liddal's shape, he went to take hold on his Arms, but could feel no substance, only a vanishing sha|dow. It seems that this Mr. Earl was once an Athiest, that did not believe that the•e was either God or Devil, & would of on walk in solitary and dismal places, wishing for the fight of a Spirit; and that he was first assaul|ted by a Devil in a Church-yard. And though God mercifully gave him Repentance yet he was miserably haunted with an evil Spirit all his dayes. I find that Mr. Clark in his first Vol. of Examples, Chap. 104. P.510. hath some part of this strange Providence, but he mentions not Mr. Earl's Name. A Gentleman worthy of credit affirmed this Re|lation to be most certainly true, according to Page 217 the particulars which have been declared. I have thought it therefore not unworthy the publication.
There is another Remarkable Passage to this purpose, which hapned of later years, wherein the Turkish Chaous Baptized at Lon|don, January 30. A. D. 1658. was concerned. This Chaous being alone in his Chamber, 3. h.P.M. a person in the likeness of Mr. Dury, the Minister with whom he did most ordina|rily converse, came and sat by him. This seeming Mr. Dury told him, that he had wait|ed with a great deal of patience as to the matter of his Baptism; and that himself had endeavoured by all means possible to procure it, to be performed with publick Counte|nance; and to that effect, had dealt with Richard, and several of his Counsel, but that now he perceived that it was in vain to strive or wait longer. And therefore advised him not to be much troubled at it, but setting his mind at rest, to leave these thoughts, and take up his resolution another way. When the Chaous heard this Discourse, being much perplexed in his Spirit, he lifted up his hands and eyes to Heaven, uttering Words to this effect. O my Lord Jesus Christ, what a mise|rable thing is this, that a true Christian cannot be owned by other Christians; that one who be|lieveth Page 218 on thee cannot be Baptized into thy Name. When he had so spoken, looking down, he saw no body, the appearance of Mr. Dury being vanished, which was at first an amaze|ment to him; but recollecting himself, he began to rejoyce, as hoping that Satan would be disappointed of his Plot. About 8 h. at night, the true Mr. Dury met with the Chaous who acquainted him with what hapned to him, so did he more fully understand how he had been imposed upon by Satan. The men|tioned Instances, are enough to prove that the Devil may possibly appear in the shape of good Men, and that not only of such as are dead, but of the still living. It might as a further confirmation of the truth we assert, have been here noted, that the Devil doth frequently amongst the Papists visibly appear, pretending to be Christ himself, as their own Authors do acknowledge. They affirm, that he came in the shape of Christ to Pachomius and to St. Martin. So hath he often appear|ed in the Form of the Virgin Mary, whereby miserable Souls have been seduced into gross I|dolatries. It is likewise reported, that when Lu|ther had spent a Day in Fasting and Prayer, there appeared to him one seeming to be Christ;but Luther said to him, away thou confoun|ded Page 219 Devil, I will have no Christ but what is in my Bible, whereupon the Apparition vanished. As for the Spirits of Men deceased, it is cer|tain they cannot reassume their Bodies, nor yet come to Men in this World when they will, or without a permission from him, in whose hand they are. Chrysostom in his se|cond Sermon concerning Lazarus, saith that Daemons would oftentimes appear, falsly pre|tending themselves to be the Souls of some lately dead. He saith, that he himself knew many Daemoniacks, that the Spirits in them would feign the voices of men lately killed, and would discover the secrets of such Per|sons, professing that they were the Souls of those very men. But those were no other then devilish lies. Upon which account men had need be exceeding wary what credit they give unto, or how they entertain communi|on with such Spectres. I do not say that all such Apparitions are Diabolical. Only that many of them are so. And as yet I have not met with any 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 whereby the certain appearance of a Person Deceased, may be infal|libly discerned from a meer Diabolical illu|sion. The Rules of judging in this case de|scribed by Malderus are very fallible.
As for the moving and procuring cause of Page 220 such Apparitions, commonly it is by reason of some sin not discoverable in any other way. Either some act of injustice done, or it may be some Murder committed. Platina, Nau|clerus, and others relate, that Pope Benedict. 8 did after his death appear sitting upon a black Horse before a Bishop of his acquaintance, declaring the reason to be, in that he had in his life time nefariously consumed a great sum of Money, which belong•• to the Poor. And there are fresh Examples to this purpose lately published in the second Edition of Mr. Glanvils Sadducismus Triumphatus. He there speaks of a Man in Guilford, unto whom belonged some Copy-hold Land, which was to descend to his Children, he dying, leaving no Child born, his Brother took possession of the Estate. So it hapned that the deceased Man's Wife conceived with Child but a little before her Husbands death, which after she perceived, by the Advice of her Neighbours, she told her Brother in Law how matters were circumstanced; he raised upon her, calling her Whore, and said he would not be fooled out of his Estate so. The poor Woman went home troubled, that not only her Child should lose the Land, but which was worse, that she should be thought an Whore. In due time she was Delivered Page 221 of a Son. Some time after which, as her Brother in Law was going out of the Field, his dead Brother (the Father of the injured Child) appeared to him at the Stile, and bid him give up the Land to the Child, for it was his Right. The Brother being greatly af|frighted at this Spectre, ran away, and not long after came to his Sister, saying, she had sent the Devil to him, and bid her take the Land; and her Son is now possessed of it.
The same Author relates, that the Wife of Dr. Bretton of Deptford (being a person of extraordinary Piety) did appear after her Death. A Maid of hers, whose name was Alice (for whom in her life time she had a great kindness) Married a near Neighbour. As this Alice was rocking her Infant in the night, some one knocking at the door, she a|rose and opened it, and was surprized by the sight of a Gentlewoman, not to be distin|guished from her late Mistriss. At the first sight she expressed great amazement, and said were not my Mistriss dead I should conclude you are she. The Apparition replied, I am she which was your Mistriss; and withal ad|ded, that she had a business of great impor|tance to imploy her in, and that she must im|mediately go a little way with her. Alice trembled, and entreated her to go to her Ma|ster, Page 222 who was sitter to be employed than she, The seeming Mistriss replied, that she had been in the Chamber of him who was once her Husband, but he was asleep; nor had she any Commission to awake him. Alice then objected that her Child was apt to cry vehe|mently, and should she leave it, some hurt might come to him. The Apparition repli|ed, the Child shall sleep until you return. See|ing there was no avoiding it; Alice followed her over the Style into a large Field, who said, observe how much of this Field I mea|sure with my feet, and when she had took a good large leisurly compass, she said, all this belongs to the Poor; it being gotten from them by wrongful means, and charged her to go and tell her Brother, whose it was at that time, that he should give it up to the poor again forthwith as he loved her and his Deceased Mother. This Brother was not the person that did this unjust act, but his Father. She added, that she was the more concerned, be|cause her Name was made use of in some Writing that related to this Land. Alice asked her how she should satisfie her Brother that this was no Cheat or Delusion of her Phansie? She replied, tell him this Secret which he knows that only himself and I am privy to, and he will believe you. Alice pro|mised Page 223 her to go on this Errand. She enter|tained her the rest of the night with divine Discourse, and Heavenly Exhortations. But when the twilight appeared, the Spectre said, I must be seen by none but your self, and so Dis|appeared. Immediately Alice makes hast home, being thoughtful for her Child, but found it as the Spectre said, fast asleep in the Cradle. That Day she went to her Master, the Doctor, who amazed at the account she gave, sent her to his Brother in Law. He at the first hearing of Alice's Story, laughed at it heartily; supposing her to be troubled with strange whimsies. But then she told him of the Secret, which her appearing Mistriss the Gentleman's Sister, had revealed; upon which he presently changed his countenance, and told her he would give the Poor their own, which accordingly he did, and they now enjoy it. D. Bretton himself (being a Person of great sincerity) gave a large Nar|rative of his Wives Apparition, to several; and amongst others to Dr. Whichcot. And this Narrative was attested unto by Mr. Ed|ward Fowler, Feb. 16. 1680. See Mr. Glan|vil's Collection of Relations, P. 197. In the same Book, P. 243. He relates concern|ing one Fran•• Taverner, that in September 1662. riding late at night from Hilbrough in Page 224Ireland there appeared to him one in the like|ness of James Haddock, formerly an Inha|bitant in Malone, where he Died five years before. Taverner asked him who he was? the Spectre replied, I am James Haddock; you may call me to mind by this Token, that a|bout five years ago, I and two other Friends were at your Fathers house, and you by your Fathers appointment brought us some Nuts, therefore be not afraid. And told him if he would ride along with him he would acquaint him with a business he had to deliver to him. Which Taverner refused to do; upon his go|ing from the Spectre, he heard hideous scrie|ches and noises, to his great amazement. The night after there appeared again to him, the likeness of James Haddock; telling him, that the Woman, who had been his Wife, when living; was now Married unto one Davis in Malone; and that the said Davis and his Wife wronged the Son of James Haddock; and that the Will of Haddock, who had given a Lease to his Son, was not fulfilled; and therefore he desired Taverner to acquaint them therewith, and to see his Son righted. Taverner neglected to deliver his message, whereupon the Spectre appeared again unto him in divers formidable shapes, threatning to tear him in pieces, if he did not do as he Page 225 was required. This made him leave his House where he dwelt in the Mountains and remove to the Town of Belfast, where it appeared to him again in the house of one Pierce, severely threatning of him. Upon which Taverner being much troubled in his Spirit, acquainted some of his Friends with his perplexity. They take Advice from Dr. Downs, then Minister in Belfast. and Mr. James South, Chaplain to the Lord Chichester; who went with Taverner to the house of Da|vis, and in their presence he declared to her, that he could not be quiet for the Ghost of her former Husband James Haddock, who threatned to tear him in pieces, if he did not tell her she must right John Haddock her Son by him, in a Lease wherein she and Davis her now Husband had wronged him. Two nights after the Spectre came to him again, looking pleasantly upon him, asking if he had done the message? He answered, he had. Then he was told, he must do the like to the Executors. The Day following Dr. Jeremie Taylor Bishop of Down, Conner, and Dromore, being to keep Court at Dro|more; ordered his Secretary (Thomas Alcock) to send for Taverner, who accordingly came, and was strictly examined. The Bishop ad|vised him, the next time the Spectre appeared Page 226 to him, to ask him these Questions: When•• are you? Are you a good or a bad Spirit? where is your abode? what station do you hold? How are you Regimented in the other World? And what is the reason that you appear for the relief of your Son in so small a matter, when so many Widows and Orphans are oppressed in the World and none of their Relations appear as you do to right them? That night Taverner lodged at my Lord Conways, where he saw the Spectre coming over a Wall; and approaching near to him, asked if he had done his Message to the Executor also? He replied, he had, and wondred that he should be still troubled. The Apparition bid him not be afraid, for it would not hurt him, nor appear to him any more, but to the Executor, if the Orphan were not righted. Taverners Brother being by, put him in mind to propound the Bishops Questions to the Spirit. Which he did; but the Spectre gave no answer to them; only seemed to crawl on his hands and feet over the Wall again, and vanished with a melodious Harmony. The persons concern|ed about the Lease (much against their wills) disposed of it for the use of Haddock's Son, only for fear lest the Apparition should molest them also. Thus concerning this. Before I pass to the next Relation, I cannot but Page 227 Animadvert upon what is here expressed, concerning the Questions which the Bishop would needs have propounded to, and resol|ved by this Spectre. I am perswaded, that the Apostle Paul who speaks of a Mans Intru|ding into those things which be hath not seen, Col.2.18. would hardly have given such counsel as the Bishop did. One of his Que|stions, (viz. Are you a good or a bad Spirit?) seems to be a needless and impertinent enqui|ry. For good Angels never appear in the shape of dead Men; but evil and wicked Spirits have oftentimes done so. His other Queries savour too much of vain curiosity. They bring to mind what is by that great Hi|storian Thuanus (Lib. 130. Page 1136.) re|ported concerning Peter Cotton the Jesuit, who having a great desire to be satisfied about some Questions which no Man living could resolve him in; he applied himself to a Maid who was possessed with a Devil, charging the Spirit in her to resolve his Proposals. Some of which were relating to this World, e. g. He desired the Devil, if he could, to rest him when Calvinism would be extinguished; And what would be the most effectual means to turn the Kingdome of England from the Protestant to the Popish Religion. What would be the issue of the Wars and great Page 228 designs then on foot in the World? Other of his Enquiries respected the Old World, e. g. How Noah could take the living Creatures that were brought into the Ark? Who those Sons of God were that loved the Daughters of Men? Whether Serpents went upon feet before Adam's Fall, &c. Some of his Que|stions respected the other World; He would have the Spirit to resolve him, How long the fallen Angels were in Heaven before they were cast down from thence? And what is the most evident place in the Scripture to prove that there is a Purgatory? Who are the seven Spirits that stand before the Throne of God? Who is the King of the Arch-An|gels? Where Paradise is? Now let the Rea|der judge wheter D. Taylors Questions, when he would have the Spectre resolve him, Where is your abode? What station do you hold? How are you Regimented in the other World? &c. be not as curious as some of these of the Jesuits, Wise men thought it tended much to the dis|reputation of Peter Cotton when through his incogitant leaving the Book wherein his en|quiries of the Daemon were written with a Friend; the matter came to be divulged. I cannot think that Dr. Taylors Secretary his publishing these curiosities of his Lord, hath added 〈◊〉 to his credit amongst sober and Page 229 judicious Persons. There is a Tragical pas|sage related in the Story of the Daemon which for three Moneths molested the House of Mr. Perreaud a Protestant Minister in Matijcon. One in the Room would needs be propound|ing needless Questions for the Devil to An|swer, though Mr. Perreaud told him of the danger in it. After a deal of discourse; the Devil said to him, You should have hearkened to the Ministers good counsel, who told you that you ought not to ask curious Questions of the De|vil, yet you would do it, and now I must school you for your pains. Presently upon which, the Man was by an invisible hand plucked up by his Thumb, and twirled round, and thrown down upon the floor, and so continued in most grievous misery. I hope then, that none will be emboldened from the Bishops Advice, to enquire at the mouth of Devils or of Apparitions, until such time as they know whether they are Devils or no. But to pass on. That the Ghosts of dead persons have sometimes appeared that so the sin of Mur|der (as well as that of Theft) might be dis|covered, is a thing notoriously known. I shall only mention two or three Examples for, this; and the rather because some who are very unapt to believe things of this nature, yet have given credit to those Relations. Two Page 230 of the Stories are recited by Mr. Webster in his Book of Witchcraft.
He saith, (P.298.) that about the year 1623, one Fletcher of Rascal, a Town in the North-Riding of Yorkshire, a Yeoman of a good Estate married a Woman from Thorn|ton Brigs, who had formerly been naught with one Ralph Raynard, who kept an Inn, within half a mile from Rascal, in the high Road betwixt York and Thuske, his Sister li|ving with him; this Raynard continuing in unlawful Lust with Fletcher's Wife, and not being content therewith, conspired the death of Fletcher; one Mark Dunn being made privy, and hired to assist in the Mur|ther; which Raynard and Dunn accompli|shed upon May Day, by drowning him, as they were Travelling all three together, from a Town called Huby, and acquainted the Wife with the deed, she gave them a Sack, therein to convey his Body, which they did, and buried it in Raynard's back side, or Croft, where an old Oak had been stubbed up, and sowed Mustard-seed in the place, thereby to hide it; they then conti|nued their wicked course of Lust and Drunkenness; and the Neighbours did much wonder at Fletchers absence, but his Wife excused it, and said, he was only gone Page 231 aside for fear of some Writs being served upon him, and so it continued till about July 7th. after, when Raynard going to Topcliff-Fair, and setting up his Horse in the Stable, the Spirit of Fletcher in his usual shape and ha|bit, did appear unto him, and said, O Ralph, Repent, Repent, for my Revenge is at hand; and ever after, until he was put in the Goal the Spirit seemed continually to stand be|fore him, whereby he became sad and rest|less, and his own Sister over-hearing his Confession and Relation of it to another person, did through fear of losing her own life, immediately reveal it to Sr. William Sheffield, who lived in Rascal; whereupon Raynard, Dunn, and the Wife, were all three apprehended, and sent to the Goal at York, where they were Condemned and Execu|ted, near the place where Raynard lived; and Fletcher was buried; the two Men being hung up in Chains, and the Woman burn|ed under the Gallows. I have recited this Story punctually, as a thing that hath been very much fixed on my Memory (being then but young) and a certain Truth, I being (with many more) an Ear-witness of their Confessions, and eye-witness of their Executions, and likewise saw Fletcher when he was taken up, where they had Page 232•uried him in his Clothes, which were a green Fustian Doublet pinckt upon white, and his walking Boots, and brass Spurs, without Rowels. Thus Mr. Webster.
Again, the same Author (P.308.) relates that about the Year 1632. there lived one Walker, near Chester, who was a Yeoman of a good Estate, and a Widower; he had a young Kins-woman to keep his House, who was by the Neighbours suspected to be with Child, and was sent away one Evening in the dark, with one Mark Sharp a Collier, and was not heard of, nor little notice ta|ken of her, till a long time after one James Grayham a Miller, who lived two Miles from Walker's House, being one night a|lone very late in his Mill, grinding Corn, a|bout twelve a Clock at night, the Doors being shut, there stood a Woman in the midst of the Floor, with her hair hanging down all bloody, and five large Wounds in her head; he was very much frighted, yet had the courage to ask her who she was, and what she wanted? to whom she answered, I am the Spirit of such a Woman, who lived with Walker, and being got with Child by him, be promised to send me to a private place, where I should be well lockt to, till I was brought Page 233 a Bed, and •well, and then I should come again and keep his House, and accordingly (said the Apparition) I was one night late sent away with one Mark Sharp, who upon a Moor, (na|ming a place which the Miller knew) slew me with a Pick (such as Men dig Coals withal) and gave me these five Wounds, and after threw my Body into a Coal-pit hard by, and hid the Pick under the Bank, and his shoes and stockins being bloody, he endeavoured to wash them, but seeing the blood would not wash off, be left them there; And the Apparition further told the Miller, That he must be the Man to reveal it, or else she must still appear and haunt him. The Miller returned home very sad, and heavy, but spake not one word of what he had seen, yet eschewed as much as he could to stay in the Mill in the night without company, thinking thereby to e|scape the seeing this dreadful Apparition; But notwithstanding, one night when it began to be dark, the Apparition met him again, and seemed very fierce and cruel, threatning him, that if he did not reveal the Murder, she would continually pursue and haunt him; yet for all this, he still concea|led it, until St. Thomas Eve before Christmas, when being soon after Sun-set walking in his Garden, she appeared again, and then so Page 234 threatned and affrighted him, that he pro|mised faithfully to reveal it the next morn|ing: In the morning he went unto a Ma|gistrate, and discovered the whole matter, with all the circumstances, and diligent search being made, the Body was found in a Cole-pit, with five wounds in the head, and the Pick, and Shoes, and Stockins yet bloody, and in every circumstance as the Apparition had related to the Miller: Whereupon Walker and Mark Sharp were both apprehended, but would confess no|thing. At the Assizes following, (I think it was at Durham) they were arraigned, found guilty, and Hanged; but I could ne|ver hear that they confessed the Fact. It was reported that the Apparition did appear to the Judge, or the Fore-man of the Jury, but of that I know no certainty. There are many persons yet alive that can remem|ber this strange Murder, and I saw and read the Letter which was sent to Serjeant Hutton about it, from the Judge before whom they were tried, which maketh me relate it with greater confidence. Thus far we have Mr. Webster's Relations.
It is also credibly Attested that a thing no less Remarkable than either of the former, hapned but nine years ago at another place Page 235 in England. The sum of the Story as it is published in Mr. Glanvil's Collection of Re|lations, P. 172. is this: On the ninth of November 1674. Thomas Goddard of Marlbo|rough in the County of Wilts, as he was go|ing to Ogborn, about 9. h. A. M. he met the Apparition of his Father in Law Edward Avon, who had beed dead about half a year. He seemed to stand by the Stile, which God|dard was to go over. When he came near, the Spectre spake to him with an audible voice, saying, Are you afraid? to whom he answered, I am, thinking of one who is dead and buried, whom you are like. To which the Apparition replied, I am he; come near me I will do you no harm; to which Goddard replied, I trust in him who hath bought my Soul with his precious blood, you shall do me no harm. Then the Spectre said, how stand cases at home? Goddard askt what cases? Then it asked him, how doth William and Mary? meaning belike, his Son William and his Daughter Mary, whom this Goddard had married. And it said, What? Tayl•r is Dead; meaning as Goddard thought, one of that Name in London, who had married ano|ther of Avon's Daughters, and died in Sep|tember before this. The Spectre offered him some Money, desiring it might be sent to Page 236 his Daughter that was lately become a Wi|dow; but Goddard answered, In the Name of Jesus Christ I refuse all such Money. Then the Apparition said, I perceive you are afraid, I will meet you some other time: so it went away. The next night about 7 h. it came and opened his Shop-Window, and looked him in the face, but said nothing. And the next night after as Goddard went into his back-side with a Candle light in his hand, but he being affrighted ran into his House, and saw it no more at that time. But on Thurs|day November 12. as he came from Chilton, the Apparition met him again, and stood (a|bout eight foot) directly before him, and said with a loud voice, Thomas, bid William Avon take the Sword which he had of me, which is now in his House, and carry to the wood as we goe to Alton to the upper end of the wood by the wayes side, for with that sword I did wrong above thirty years ago, & he never prospered since •was his. And do you speak with Edward Lawrence, and I desire you to pay him twenty shillings out of the Money which you received of James Eliot at two payments; for I borrowed so much Money of Edward Lawrence, and said that I had paid him, but I did not pay it him. This Money was received of James Eliot on a Page 237 Bond due to Avon and Goddard had it at two Payments after Avon had been Dead several Moneths. Lawrence saith that he lent Avon twenty shillings in Money about twenty years ago, which was never paid him again. No|vember 23. Goddard did by Order from the Mayor of the Town, go with his Bro|ther in Law William Avon, with the Sword to the place where the Apparition said it should be carried. And coming away thence Goddard looking back saw the same Appari|tion, whereupon he called to his Brother in Law, and said, Here is the Apparition of your Father; William replied, I see nothing, then Goddard fell on his Knees, and said, Lord, open his eyes that he may see. But William said, Lord grant I may not see it, if it be thy blessed Will. Then the Ghost did to God|dard's apprehension becken with his hand. To whom Goddard said, what would you have me to do? the Apparition replied, take up the Sword and follow me. To which he said, should both of us come? or but one of us? The Spectre replied, Thomas do you take up the Sword. So he took it up and followed the Apparition about ton poles into the wood. Then the Spectre coming towards Goddard he stept back two steps; but it said to him, I have a permission to you, and a commission not to Page 238 touch you. Then it took the Sword, and went to the place at which before it stood, and pointed the top of the Sword into the ground and said, In this place was buried the Body of him whom I Murdered in the Year 1635. but it is now rotten and turned to Dust. Whereupon Goddard said, For what cause did you Murder him? The seeming Avon replied I took Money from the Man, and he con|tended with me, and so I Murdered him. Then Goddard said, who was confederate with you in the Murder? the Spectre Answe|red, none but my self. What (said Goddard) would you have me do in this thing? The Apparition replied, Only 〈◊〉 let the World know that I Murdered a Man, and buried him in this place, in the year 1635. Then the Spectre laid down the Sword on the bare ground there, whereupon grew nothing, but seemed to Goddard to be as a Grave sunk 〈◊〉. All this while William Avon remained where Goddard left him, and said he saw no Appa|rition, only heard Goddard speak to the Spectre, and discerned another voice also, ma|king Reply to Goddard's enquiries, but could not understand the words uttered by that voice. The next day the Mayor caused men to dig in the place where the Spectre said the Body was buried, but nothing could Page 239 be found. These examples then, shew that the Ghosts of Dead men do sometimes ap|pear, and that for such causes as those men|tioned. There have been some in the world so desperate as to make solemn Covenants with their living Friends, to appear unto them after their Death; and sometimes (though not alwayes) it hath so come to pass. It is a Remarkable passage which Baronius relates concerning Marsilius Ficinus, and his great Intimate Michael Mercatus. These two ha|ving been warmly Disputing about the im|mortality of the Soul, entred into a solemn Vow, that if there were truth in those No|tions about a future State in another World, he which died first should appear to his sur|viving Friend. Not long after this, Ficinus Died. On a morning when Mercatus was intent upon his Studies, he heard the voice of Ficinus his Friend at his Window with a loud cry, saying, O Michael, Michael, Vera, vera sunt illa: O my Friend Michael, those noti|ons about the Souls of Men being immortal they are true, they are true. Whereupon, Mercatus opened his Window, and saw his Friend Marsilius Ficinus, whom he called un|to, but he vanished away. He presently sent to Florence to know how Ficinus did, and was informed that he Died about the hour when Page 240 his Ghost appeared at Mercatus his Window. There are also later Instances, and nearer home, not altogether unlike to this. For in Mr. Glanvil's late Collection of Relation, (which we have had occasion more than once to mention.) It is said, that Dr. Farrar and his Daughter, made a compact, that the first of them which Died, if happy, should after Death appear to the surviver if possible; his Daughter with some difficulty consenting to the agreement. Some time after, the Daugh|ter living then near Salisbury, fell in Labour, and having by an unhappy mistake a noxious Potion given to her, instead of another pre|pared, suddenly Died. That very night she appeared in the room where her Father then Lodged in London, and opening the Curtains looked upon him. He had before heard no|thing of her illness, but upon this Apparition confidently told his Servant that his Daughter was Dead, and two Dayes after received the News. Likewise one Mr. Watkinson, who lived in Smithfield, told his Daughter (taking her leave of him, and expressing her fears that she should never see him more) that should he Die, if ever God did permit the Dead to to see the living, he would see her again. Now after he had been Dead about half a Year, on a night when she was in Bed but could Page 241 not sleep, she heard Musick, and the Cham|ber grew lighter and lighter, she then law her Father by the Bed-side. Who said Mall, did not I tell thee that I would see thee again? He exhorted her to be patient under her af|flictions, and to carry it dutiful towards her Mother; and told her that her Child that was born since his departure should not trou|ble her long. And bid her speak what she would speak to him now, for he must go and she should see him no more upon Earth, Vid. Glanvil's Collections, P. 189,192. Some|times the Great and Holy God, hath permit|ted, and by his Providence ordered such Ap|paritions to the end that Atheists might there|by be astonished and affrighted out of their Infidelity.
Nam primus timor fecit in or be Deos.
Remarkable and very solemn is the Rela|on of the Appearance of Major Sydenham's Ghost, mentioned in the Book but now cited (P.•31.) It is in brief this. Major George Sydenham of Delverton in Somerset, and Cap|tain William Dyke of Skillgate in that County; used to have many Disputes about the Being of God, and the Immortality of the Soul: in which point they continued unresolved. Page 242 To issue their controversies, they agreed that he that died first should the third night after his Funeral, between the hours of twelve and one, appear at a little House in the Garden. After Sydenham was dead, Captain Dyke re|pairs to the place appointed between them two. He acquainted a near Kinsman, Dr. Thomas Dyke with his design, by whom he was earnestly disswaded from going to that place at that time; and was told, that the Devil might meet him and be his ruine, if he would venture on in such rash attempts. The Captain Replied, that he had solemnly en|gaged, and nothing should discourage him; accordingly betwixt twelve and one he went into the Garden-house, and there tarried two or three hours, without seeing or hearing any thing more than what was usual. About six weeks after, Captain Dyke rides to Eaton, to place his Son a Scholar there. The morn|ing before he returned from thence, after it was light, one came to his Bed-side, and sud|denly drawing back the Curtains, calls Cap. Cap. (which was the term of familiarity which the Major when living used to call the Captain by) He presently perceived it was his Major, and replieth, What my Major! On the Table in the Room there lay a Sword which the Major had formerly given to the Captain.Page 243 After the seeming Major had walked a turn o• two about the Room, he took up the Sword, and drew it out, and not finding it so bright and clean as it ought, Cap. Cap. (said he) This Sword did not use to be kept after this manner, when it was mine. He also said to the Captain, I could not come to you at the time appointed, but I am now come to tell you, That there is a God, and that he is a very just and a terrible God, and if you do not turn over a new leaf, you will find it so. So did he suddenly disappear. The Captain arose, and came in|to another Chamber (where his Kinsman Dr. Dyke lodged) but in a visage and form much differing from himself, his Hair stand|ing, his Eyes staring, and his whole Body trembling, telling with much affection what he had seen. The Captain lived about two years after this, but was much altered in his Conversation, the Words uttered by his M•|jors Ghost, ever sounding in his Ears. Thus of that remarkable Providence.
I have not mentioned these things, as any way approving of such desperate Covenants. There is great hazard attending them. It may be after Men have made such agree|ments, Devils may appear to them, pretend|ing to be their Deceased Friends, and thereby their Souls may be drawn into woful Snares. Page 244 Who knoweth whether God will permit the persons, who have thus confederated, to ap|pear in this World again after their Death, and if not then the Surviver will be under great temptation unto Atheism; As it sell out with the late Ea•l of Rochester, who (as is reported in his life, P. 16. by Dr. Burnet) did in the Year 1665. enter into a formal ingagement with another Gentleman, not without Ceremonies of Religion, that if either of them Died, he should appear and give the other notice of the future state, if there were any. After this the other Gen|tleman was killed, but did never appear after his Death to the Ea•l of Rochester, which was a great snare to him, during the rest of his Life. Though when God awakened the Earl's Conscience upon his Death-bed, he could not but acknowledge, that one who had so corrupted the natural Principles of Truth as he had, had no reason to expect that such an extraordinary thing should be done for his Conviction. Or if such agreement should necessitate an Apparition, how would the World be confounded with Spectres? How many would probably be scared out of their W••s? or what curious Questions would vain Men be proposing about things which are (and it is meet they should be) hid from Mor|tals Page 245 I cannot think that Men who make such Covenants (except it be with very much caution, as I have heard that Mr. Kn•wstubs and another eminent Person did) are duely mindful of that Scripture, Deut. 29.29. The secret things belong to the Lord; but those things which are revealed belong to us. Moreover, such sights are not desirable. For many times they appear as forerunners of no|table Judgements at hand. I could instance out of approved History, how particular Fa|milies have found that things of this nature, have come to them as the Messengers of Death. Lavater in his Book De Spectris, and Goulartius in his Select History, say, that Spectres are the Ha•binge•s of publick Mu|tations, Wars, and Calamitous times. Voetius in his Disputation De Peste, sheweth that sometimes the Plague or strange Diseases follow after such Appearances. There was lately a very formidable Apparition at Meenen: We are advised, that there did appear in that place, a person all in white, with a Mitre on his head, being followed with two more in black; after him came four or five Squadrons, who drew up as if they intended to storm the Town. The Souldiers there refused to stand their Centry, having been so affrighted as that some of them fell down in their posts. Page 246 These Spectres appeared every night in June, 1682. How it is there since that, or what e|vents have followed in that place, I know Lon But I find in credible Authors, that often|times Mischief and Destruction unto some or other hath been the effect of Apparitions: Luther tells us of a Shepherd (of whom also he speaketh charitably) that being haunted with a Spirit; the Apparition told him, that after eight dayes he would appear to him a|gain, and carry him away, and kill him; and so it came to pass: the Ministers whom the poor man acquainted with his sorrowful e|state, advised him not to despair of the Sal|vation of his Soul, though God should suffer the Devil to kill his Body. I have read of threescore Persons all killed at once by an Apparition. George Agricola giveth an ac|count of twelve Men, that as they were dig|ging in the Mines, a Spectre slew them. Some have been filled with such Anxiety at the appearance of a Spectre, that in one nights time the Hair of their heads has turned white. Lavater speaketh of a Man, who one night meeting with an Apparition, the ter•or of it caused such a sudden charge in him, as that when he came home, his own Children did not know him. We may then conclude that the Willings of this Dr••ng Page 247 age know not what they do, when they make themselves sport with subjects of this nature. I shall only add this further here, that from the things which have been related, it is evi|dent that they are mistaken who suppose De|vils cannot appear to Men except with some deformities whereby they are easily discove|red. The Nymphs which deluded many of old, when the World was buried under Hea|thenism; were Daemons, presenting them|selves in shapes very formose. Vide Martinii Lexic. in verbo Nymphae.
Several Cases of Conscience cons•dered. That it is not lawful to make use of Herbs of Plants to drive away evil Spirits. Nor of Words or Characters. An Objection answered. Whether it be lawful for Persons bewitched, to burn things or to nail Horse-shoes before their doors, or to stop Urin in Bottles, or the like, in order to the reco|very of Health. The Negative proved by seve|ral Arguments. Whether it be lawful to try. Witches by casting them into the Water. Seve|ral reasons evincing the vanity of that way of Probation. Some other Superstitions witnes|sed against.
THe preceding Relations about Witchcrafts and Diabolical Impostures give us too just occasion to make enquiry into some Cases of Conscience, respecting things of this Nature. And in the first place the Quaere may be;
Whether it is lawful to make use of any sort of Herbs of Plants to preserve from Witchcrafts, or from the power of Evil Spirits? The An|swer unto which is; That it is in no wise lawful, but that all attempts of that nature are Magical, and Diabolical, and therefore Page 249 detestable Superstition. As appears 1. In that if the Devils do either operate or cease to do mischief upon the use of such things it must needs be in that they are signs which give notice to the Evil Spirits what they are to do; Now for Men to submit to any of the Devils Sacraments is implicitly to make a co|venant with him. Many who practise these nefarious Vanities little think what they do. They would not for the World (they say) make a Covenant with the Devil, yet by im|proving the Devils signals, with an opinion of receiving benefit thereby, they do the thing which they pretend to abhor. For, 2. Angels (bad as well as good) are by na|ture incorporeal Substances. There are some Authors who by a corporal substance intend no more but a real being; so that the term is by them used in opposition to meer Phantasms in that sence, none but Sadduces will deny Angels to be Corporeal. And in that re|spect the Antient Doctors, Tertullian and o|thers call them Corpora. But commonly a Body is set in opposition to a meer Spiritual Substance, Mat.10.28. Heb.12.13. And thus it is certain that Daemons are incorporeal, Eph.6.12. they are frequently, not only by Au|thors, but in the Holy Scripture stiled Spirits, because of their being incorporeal. And Page 250 thence it is that they are not visible or palpa|ble or any way incurring the outward sences, Luk.24.39. Homer saith that when the Ghost of Anticlea appeared to Ulysses, he attempted three times to embrace that Image, but could feel nothing; for it had not 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 but as Virgil expresseth it, Tenues sine corporevi|tas. Cajetan & Vasquez affirm, that Apparitions can at no time be felt. It is not to be doubt|ed but that Spirits may make use of vehicles, that are subject to the outward senses; never|theless, a meer Spirit cannot be touched by humane hands. Moreover, we read of a Le|gion of Daemons possessing one miserable Bo|dy, Luk.8.30. A Legion is at least 6000; now if they were corporeal Substances, it could not be that so many of them, should be in the same person at the sametime. And if they are incorporeal Substances, then it is not possible that Herbs or any sensible ob|jects should have a natural influence upon them, as they have upon Elementary Bodies. This Argument is of such weight, as that Por|phyrius, & other heathenish Authors who affirm that Daemons are affected with smells, & with blood,&c. Suppose them to have aereal bodies. So do some Talmudical & Cabalistical Writers; they hold that there are a middle sort of De|vils, made of Fire and Air, who live upon Page 251 the Liquidity of the Air, and the smoke of fire, &c. These they call 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. Munster in his Notes on Lev.17. does out of R.Abraham, ate many passages to this purpose. But such Jewish Fables are so foolish, as that they need to confutation. And as the Argument we have mentioned is a sufficient refutation of them that Imagine a natural vertue to be in Herbs, whereby Evil Spirits are driven away; so may it be improved against their Supersti|tion, who suppose that Fumes are of force to expel Daemons. The Author of the Book of Tobit Chap. 6. tells a Tale, that the heart and Liver of a Fish, if a smoke be made therewith, the Devil will smell it, and then be forced to flee away from any one that shall be troubled with an Evil Spirit; and that Tobit following the counsel which Raphael gave him about these matters, the Devil fain to run for it, as far as to the utmost parts of AE|gypt, Chap.8, ver.2,3. This passage, is so far from being divine, as that indeed it is Pro|phane and Magical. Whereas the Author saith, that whoever is troubled with an Evil Spirit, shall by that means find relief, he does expresly contradict the Son of God, who has taught otherwise, Mat.17.21. Mark 9.28. And his ascribing such vertue to the heart of a Fish, is as true as what Cornelius Agrippa saith, who Page 252 affirms that the Gall of a black Dog will drive away Evil Spirits, and free from Witch|crafts. And there is as much credit to be gi|ven to these things as to another Jewish Fable, viz. that the clapping of a Cocks Wings will make the power of Daemons to become in|effectual; yet that this Fable hath obtained too much credit in the World is evident by words of Prudentius, who saith,
3. God in his Holy Word has forbidden his People to imitate the Heathen Nations. He requires, that those who profess his Name should not learn the way of the Heathen; nor do after their manners, Lev. 20. 23. Jer.10.2. But to attempt the driving away of Evil Spirits by the use of Herbs, Fumes, &c. is an Heathenish Custom. Whose shall read Proclus his Book De sa•••ficio & Magia, will see how the Ethni••• taught, that Smells and Smokes would cause Daemons to depart. And the like they believed (and practised accor|dingly) with respect unto several sorts of Herbs. See Sennertus Med. Pract. L.6. Part.9. Page 253Cap.7. Dioscorides being deceived with the Doctrine of that great Magician Pythagor•s, saith, that the Sea-Onion being hung in the Porch of an House, will keep Evil Spirits from entring therein. In that Book which passeth under the name of Albertus Magnus de mirabilibus Mundi, (though Picus Miran|dula in his Disputation about Magick is so favourable as to think Albertus was not the Author of it) but that the true Author has abusively prefixed Albertus his Name) There are many Superstitious Vanities of this na|ture; which in times of Popish darkness were received from the Arabians and other Heathenish Worshippers of the Devil. It is true, that the Jews did some of them pra|ctise this kind of Magick. Josephus (Antiq, Lib.8. Cap.2.) confesseth that those of their Nation (in special one whose name was Ele|azar) did by holding an Herb (viz. that called Solomons Seal) to the Noses of Daemo|niacks, draw the Devils out of them. He speaketh untruly, in saying, that they learned such nefarious Arts from Solomon, for they had them from the Heathen, who received them from the Devil himself; as is evident from another passage in the mentioned Jo|sephus. In his History of the Wars with the Jews, Lib.7. Cap.25. He says, that there is a Page 254 Root by the Jews, called Baaras, which if a Man pluck it up, he dieth presently; but to prevent that they make bare the Root, and then tye it with a string to a Dog, who go|ing away to follow his Master, easily plucks up the Root, whereupon the Dog di|eth, but his Master may then without dan|ger handle the Root, and thereby flight the Devils out of persons possessed with Infernal Spirits: whom he (in that also following the Heathen) supposes to be the Spirits of wicked men deceased. And that the Jews received these curious or rather cursed Arts from Eth|nicks, is manifest, inasmuch as Pliny taught that the Herb called Aglaophotis had power to raise the Gods, (so did they call the Devils whom they served.) Now that was the same Herb with Baaras; For as D•lacampius, Rai|nold, and others have observed, both names have the same signification. So then the ma|king use of Herbs to fright away Devils, or to preserve from the power of Witches, is originally an Heathenish custome, and there|fore that which ought to be avoided and ab|horred by those that call themselves Christi|ans.
It is no less Superstitious, when Men En|deavour by Characters, Words or Spells, to charm any Witches, Devils or Diseases. Such Page 255 Persons do (as Fuller speaks) fence them selves with the devils Shield against the devils Sword, Agrippa in his Books De occulta Phi|losophia has many of these impious curiosities. But in his Book of the vanity of Sciences, Chap.48. he acknowledgeth that he wrote his other Book of Occult Philosophy, when he was a young Man, and bewails his iniquity there|in, confessing that he had sinfully mispent precious time in those unprofitable Studies. There is also an horrid Book full of Conju|rations and Magical Incantations, which the prophane Author hath ventured to publish under the name of King Solomon: There can|not be a greater vanity than to imagine that devils are really frighted with Words and Syl|lables: such practices are likewise of diaboli|cal and heathenish original. They that have read Subjects of this nature, are not ignorant of what is related concerning the strange things done by the Incantations of that famous Wizard Apollonius. The like has been also noted of the Brackmanes of old, who were much given to such unlawful Arts. It is still customary amongst the Heathenish Africans, by Incantations to charm Serpents; Which when they are in that way brought to them by the devil, they use with the blood of such Serpents to anoint their Weapons, that so Page 256 they may become the more mortiferous. And that the like Incantations were practised a|mongst the Gentiles of old is evident from that verse of Virgil, in his 8 Eclog.
Frigidus in pratis cantando rumpiter anguis.
As also by that of Ovid in Metam. Lib. 7.
Viperiasrumpi verbis & carmina fauces.
Yea, the Holy Scriptures intimate, that such diabolical practices were used by some in the dayes of old, Those words of David, Psal.58.4,5. imply no less, as our Excellent Rainold has with great Learning and Judge|ment evinced. It must be acknowledged that the notion which many have from Au|stin taken up, as if Serpents to avoid the po|wer of Charms, would lay one Ear to the ground, and with their tails stop the other ear, is to be reckoned amongst vulgar errors; nevertheless, that there were then Charmers in the World, the mentioned (as well as o|ther) Scriptures notifie. Moreover, those Inchanters had their formulae, whereby they did imprecate the persons whom they de|signed hurt unto; and the Devil (when the Great and Holy God saw meet to permit him) Page 257 would upon the using of those words go to work, and do strange things. Hence Livy speaks of the Devotaria Carmina used by Wi|zards. The truth of this is also manifest from some passages in AEschines his Oration against Ctesiphon. And of this nature were Balaams Curses, desired by Baalak, as En|chantments against Jacob, Numb. 22.6. & 23.23. If it had not been a thing famously known, that Baalam (a black Wizard) did mischief others by his Incantations, the King of Moab would never have sent to him for that end. And as Witchcrafts of this kind were frequent among the Gentiles who know not God; so in a more especial manner amongst the Ephesians before they were enlightened by the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Upon their Conversion to the Chri|stian Faith, as many as had used curious (i. e. as the Syriac Translation rightly Interprets Magical) Arts, brought their Books toge|ther and burned them before all men, Acts 19.19. Which sheweth that Ephesus did once abound with these Heathenish Superstitions. They pretended that they could by certain Words cure Diseases, eject Devils, &c. Hence it became a Proverbial Phrase, to say, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, when Magical Spells and Incantations were intended. Hesychius men|tions Page 258 some of those charms being obscure & barbarous words; such as 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉&c. These words they would sometimes car|ry about with them, fairly written; and then they were a Sacrament for the Devil to ope|rate by. That insignificant word •br•da•ord, is by Sammonicus mentioned as a Magical Spell; which hobgoblin word the late mi|racle Monger or Mirabilarian st•oaker, in Ireland, Val•ntin Greatrix attempted to cure an Ague by. Porphyrius saith, that the Egyp|tians had Symbols, which Serapis appointed them to use in order to the driving away Dae|mons. Now he whom the Egyptians called Serapis, is by the Greeks called Pluto, and by the Jews Bel-z•bub. And as the Heathen learned such things from Bel-z•bub, so have the Papists (who are called Gentiles in the Scripture, Rev.11.2. and well they may be so, since as to all manner of Idolatry and Super|stition they Gentilize) from them learned to cure Diseases, and drive away Evil Spirit by Words and Spells, Exorcizations, &c. M•t|thi•lus reports that he knew a man that would and that without seeing the persons wounded, by Charms heal those that were stung with deadly Serpents; and Fernelius saith, that he has seen some curing a Feaver only by mut|tering words, without the use of any natural Page 259 means. Not only professed Heathen but Pa|pists, have by reciting certain Verses, bin wont to cure other Diseases. Yea they have practised to free persons from the Epilepsie; by mentioning the Names of the three Kings of Colon (as the wise Men which came from the East, are usually called) Hence are those celebrated Verses:
It is too well known, that Popish Coun|tries do still abound with such Superstitious Vanities as these mentioned. And as Voetius (in his Dissertation de Exorcismo) truly tells them, the Exorcizations of the Papists are as like those of the Heathen as Milk is like to Milk, or as one Egg is like to another. I know that some Popish Authors (who are more in|genious) write against attempting the cure of Diseases by Words or Charms. Fernelius, Benev•nius and (as I remember) Valesins disapprove of it. But few (if any) of them are against Conjuring away Evil Spirits, by Words, and I know not what Formulae of their own, or rather of the Devils inventing. One of them (viz. Hi••omymus Mengus) ha|ring Published a Book filled with Conjura|tions, Page 260 Entituleth it, The Scourge of Devils. It adds to the abomination when Men shall not only break the first and second Command|ment, but the third also, by making use of any of the sacred Names or Titles belonging to the Glorious God, or to his Son Jesus Christ, as Charms; then which nothing is more fre|quent amongst Romanists. To conclude, God in his word doth with the highest seve|rity condemn all such Practices, declaring not only that Enchanters and Charmers are not to be tolerated amongst his People; but that all who do such things are an abomination to him, Deut.18.10,11,12. The Jews are wont to be extreamly charitable towards those of their own Nation, affirming, That every Isra|elite shall have a part in the World to come; only they except such as shall by Incantations heal Diseases. There are some that practise such things in their simplicity, not knowing that therein they gratifie the Devil. Voetius in his Disputation, de Magia, P. 576. speaks of one that according to the vain conversa|tion received by Tradition from fore Fathers, would sometimes attempt things of this na|ture, but upon Voetius his instructing him concerning the sin and evil which was there|in, the Man durst never more do as formerly. If this Discourse fall into the hands of any Page 261 whose Consciences tell them they have been guilty of the same iniquity; God grant that it may have the same effect on them. It is a marvelous and an amazing thing, that in such a place as New-England, where the Go|spel hath shined with great power and glory, any should be so blind as to make attempts of this kind; yet some such I know there have been. A Man in Boston gave to one a Sealed Paper, as an effectual remedy against the Tooth-ach, wherein were drawn several con|fused Characters, and these words written, IN Nomine Patris Filii, & Spiritus Sancti, Preserve thy Servant, such an one. (Bodinus and others write of a convicted Witch, whose Name was Barbary Dore, that confessed she had often cured Diseases, by using the like words unto those mentioned.) Not long since a Man left with another in this Town, as a rare secret a Cure for the Ague, which was this, five Letters, viz. z, a, &c. were to be written successively on pieces of Bread and given to the Patient, on one piece he must write the word Kalendant, and so on another the next day, and in five dayes (if he did be|lieve) he should not fail of cure. These con|siderations have made me the more willing a little to inlarge upon the Argument in hand.
But before I proceed to handle the next Page 262 Case, it may not be amiss to Answer that which seems the most considerable Allega|tion against the Arguments thus far insisted on. It is then by some objected that Musick driveth away Evil Spirits. For when David took an Harp and played with his hand, the Evil Spirit departed from Saul, 1 Sam.16.23. so that it seems the Devils are driven away by Sounds, and why not then by Words, or Fumes, or Herbs?
Ans. 1. It is confessed that Satan does take great advantage from the ill humors and dis|eases which are in the Bodies of Men great|ly molest their Spirits. Especially it is t••e concerning Melancholly, which has therefore been called Balneum Diaboli, the Devils Bath, wherein he delights to be stir|ring.
2. When Bodily Diseases are removed by the use of natural means, the matter upon which the Evil Spirit was wont to operate being gone, he does no more disturb and dis|quiet the minds of men as before that he did. The passive disposition in the Body ceasing, the active affliction caused by the Devil cea|seth also. Rulandus Writes of Possessed per|sons who were cured by Emetic Medicines, clearing them of those melancholly humors, by means whereof the Evil Spirit had some|times Page 263 great advantages over them. This also Pomponatius does by many Instances confirm. Sennertus likewise has divers passages to the same purpose. Also we see by frequent ex|perience, persons strangely hurried by Satan, have by the blessing of God upon the endea|vour of the Physitian been delivered from those woful molestations. Ferrarius, Delrio, Burgensis, and others, Commenting on 1Sam. 16. conceive that the Ingress and Egress of Evil Spirits depends upon the humors and dispositions of the Body; which Assertion is not universally true: For sometimes the De|vil hath laughed at the Physitians, who have thought by Medicinal Applications to dis|possess him. Examples for this may be seen in Fernelius and Codronobus. Wherefore Voe|tius in his Disputation, de Emergumenis, Page 1025. speaketh cautiously and Judiciously, in asserting that we may not suppose that the Devils taking bodily possession of this or that person, depends wholly upon corporeal dispo|sitions; nevertheless that natural Distempers sometimes are an occasion thereof.
3. It is also true that Musick is of great effi|•a•y against Melancholly discomposures. This notwithstanding, there is no reason to conclude with Mendozo, Bodin, and others, that M•sick is so hateful to the Devil, as that Page 264 he is necessitated to depart when the pleasant sound is made. If that were so, how comes it to pass that appearing Daemons do some|times depart with a melodious sound? or that in the Conventicles of Witches there is Mu|sick heard? But La Torr has notably con|futed such Imaginations. Indeed the sweet|ness and delightfulness of Musick has a na|tural power to lenifie Melancholly passions. They say that Pythagoras by Musick restored a Frantick Man to his Wits again. Thus was Saul's pensive Spirit refreshed by David's plea|sant Harp, and when he was refreshed and well, the Evil Spirit which took advantage of his former pensiveness, upon his alacrity de|parted from him. So that it remains still a truth, that corporeal things have no direct Physical influence upon Infernal Spirits, and that therefore for men to think that they shall drive away Daemons by any such means is folly and Superstition. I shall add no more in Answer to the first Quaere proposed.
A second Case, which we shall here take occasion to enquire into, is, Whether it be law|ful for Bewitched Persons to draw blood from those whom they suspect for Witches, or to put Urin into a Bottle, or to nail an Horse-shoe at their Doors, or the like, in hopes of recovering health thereby?
Page 265Ans. There are several great Authors who have discovered and declared the evil of all such practices. In special Voetius, Sennertus, and our Perkins disapprove thereof. There is another Question much what of the same nature with this, viz. Whether a Bewitched person may lawfully cause any of the Devils Symbols to be removed in order to gaining Health? As suppose an Image of Wax in which Needles are fixed, whereby the Devil doth at the instigation of his Servants, tor|ment the diseased person whether this b•ing discovered may be taken away, that so the Devils power of operation may cease, and that the sick person may in that way obtain health again? The Affirmative of this Quaestion is stiffly maintained by Scotus, Caje|tan, Delrio, Malderus, and by Popish Authors generally. Yet amongst them Hesselius, Estius, and Sanchez, hold the Negative. And so do all our Protestant Writers, so far as I have had occasion to observe. And although some make light of such practices, and others undertake to justifie them, yet it cannot just|ly be denied but that they are impious follies.
For 1. They that obtain Health in this way have it from the Devil. The Witch cannot recover them, but by the Devils help. Hence as it is unlawful to entreat Witches to Page 266 heal bewitched persons, because they cannot do this, but by Satan, so is it very sinful by scratching, or burnings, or detention of ••in, &c. to endeavour to constrain them to un|bewitch any; for this is to put them upon seeking to the Devil. The Witch does nei|ther inflict not remove the disease, but by the assistance of the Devil; therefore either to desire or force thereunto, is to make use of the Devils help. The person this reco|vered cannot say, The Lord was my Healer, but the Devil was my Healer. Certainly it were better for a Man to remain sick all his dayes, ye? (as Chrys•stom speaks) he had bet|ter die than go to the Devil for health.
Hence 2. Men and Women have by such practices as these mentioned, black commerce and communion with the Devil. They do (though ignorantly) concern and involve themselves in that Covenant which the Devil has made with his devoted and accursed Vas|sals. For, whereas it is pleaded, that if the thing bewitched be thrown into the fire, or the Urin of the sick stopped in a Bottle, or an Horse-shoe nailed before the door, then by vertue of the compact which is between the Devil and his Witches, their power of doing more hurt ceaseth; they that shall for such an end so practise, have fellowship with Page 267 that Hellish Covenant. The Excellent Sen|nertus argueth solidly, in saying, they that force another to do that which he cannot possibly do, but by vertue of a compact with the Devil, have themselves implicitly communion with the Dia|bolical Covenant. And so is the case here. Who was this A•t of unbewitching Persons in such a way 〈◊〉 learned of? If due enquiry be made, it will be found that Magicians and Devils were the first discoverers. Porphyri• saith, it was by the revelation of the Daemons themselves that Men came to know by what things they would be restrained from, and constrained to this or that: Eus•b. praep.Evan. L.5. C.7. Dr. Willet in Ex.7. Quest.9. To use any Ceremonies invented by Satan, to attain a supernatural end, implies too great a con|cernment with him. Yea, such persons do honour and worship the Devil by hoping in this Salvation. They use means to obtain Health which is not natural, no• was ever appointed by God, but is wholly of the De|vils Institution; which he is much pleased with, as being highly honoured thereby. Nay such practices do imply an invocation of the Devil for relief, and a pleading with him the Covenant which he hath made with the Witch, and a declaration of confidence that the Father of Lies will be as good as his Page 268 word. For the nefandous Language of such a practice, is this:
3. Let such practitioners think the best of themselves, they are too near a Kin to those creatures who commonly pass under the name of white Witches. They that do hurt to others by the Devils help, are called black Witches: but there are a sort of persons in the World, that will never hurt any, but only by the power of the Infernal Spirits they will un-bewitch those that seek unto them for relief: I know that by Constantius his Law, black Witches were to be Pnnished, and white ones indu•••d: But M. Perkins saith, that the good 〈◊〉 is a more horrible Page 269 and detestable Monster than the bad one. Ba|laam was a black Witch, and Simon Magus a white one. This later did more hurt by his Cures, than the former by his Curses. How persons that shall unbewitch others by put|ting Urin into a Bottle, or by casting Excre|ments into the fire, or nailing of Horse-shoes at Mens doors, can wholly clear themselves from being white Witches, I am not able to understand.
4. Innocent persons have been extreamly wronged by such Diabolical tricks. For sometimes (as is manifest from the Relation of the Groton Maid, mentioned in the fifth Chapter of this Essay) the Devil does not only himself inflict Diseases upon Men, but represent the visages of innocent persons to the phansies of the diseased, making them believe that they are tormented by them, when only himself does it. And in case they follow the Devils direction, by observing the Ceremonies which he has invented, hee'l afflict their Bodies no more. So does his malice bring the persons accused by him (though never so innocent) into great su|spicion. And he will cease afflicting the bo|dy of one, in case he may ruin the credit of another, and withal endanger the Souls of those that hearken to him. If the Devil Page 270 upon scratchings, or burnings, or stoppings of Urin, or the nailing of an Horse-shoe, &c. shall cease to afflict the body of any, he does this either as being compelled thereto, or voluntarily. To imagine that such things shall constrain the Evil Spirit to cease afflict|ing, whether he will or no, is against all rea|son. But if he does this voluntarily, then in|stead of hu•ting their bodies, he does a grea|ter mischief to Souls. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. The Devil heals the Body that he may wound the Soul. He will heal them with all his heart, provided that he may but thereby draw men to look unto him for help, instead of seeking unto God alone, in the use of his own means, and so receive that honour (the thing that he aspires after) which is the Lords due. How gladly will that wicked Spirit heal one body upon condition that he may entangle many Souls with Superstition. And if Men and Women (especially in places of light) will hearken to him, it is a righteous thing with God to suffer it to be thus. It is past doubt that Satan, who has the ••wer of death, Heb. 2.14. has also (by divine permission) power to inflict, and consequently to remove Dis|eases from the bones of men. In natural Diseases he has many times a great operation, and is willing to have them cured rather by Page 271 the use of Superstious then of natural means. It is noted in their Germanic Ephemeris for the year 1675. that a Man troubled with a Fi|stula, which the Physitians by all their Art could no way relieve; a person that was e|steemed a Wizard undertook to cure him; and applying a Powder to the wound, with|in a few dayes the sick party recovered. The powder was some of the ashes of a certain Woman who had been burnt to death for a Witch. This was not altogether so horrid as that which is by Authors worthy of credit reported to come to pass, in the days of Pope Adrian VI. when the Plague raging in Rome, a Magician (whose Name was Demetrius Spartan) caused it to be stayed by sacrificing a B•ll to the Devil. See P. Jovius Histor, Lib.21. Such power hath the righteous God given unto Satan over the sinful Children of Men; yea such a Ruler hath he set over them as a just punishment for all their wick|edness. His chief design is to improve that power which by reason of sin he hath ob|tained to seduce into more sin. And the Ho|ly God to punish the World for iniquity, often suffers the Enemy to obtain his de|sires this way. What strange things have been done, and how have Diseases been heal|ed by the sign of the Cross many times? By Page 272 which means Satans design in advancing staurolatry to the destruction of thousands of Souls, has too successfully taken place. And this iniquity did he early and gradually ad|vance amongst Christians. I have not been able without astonishment to read the passa|ges related by Austin de civitate Dei Lib.22. Cap. 8. He there speaks of one Innocentis, whom he calls a most Religious Woman, who having a Cancer in her Breast; the most skilful Physitians doubted of the cure. But in her sleep she was admonished to repair unto the Font where she had been Baptized, and there to sign that place with the sign of the Cross, which she did, and was immediately healed of her Cancer. In the same Chap|ter, he reports that a Friend of Hesperius did from Jerusalem send him some Earth that was taken out of the place where our Lord Christ had been buried; & that Hesperius had no sooner received it but his House which before had been molested with Evil Spirits was rid of those troublesome guests. He gi|veth an account also, of strange Cures wrought by the Reliques of the Martyrs. It was not (he saith) known where the bo|dies of Protasius and Gervas (holy Martyrs) were buried; but Ambrose had it revealed to him in his sleep; and a blind Man approach|ing Page 273 near unto the Bodies instantly received his sight. Another was cured of Blindness by the Reliques of the Martyr Stephen. And a Child playing abroad, a Cart wheel run o|ver him and bruised him, so that it was thought he would immediately expire; but his Mother carrying him into the House that was built to honour the memory of St. Ste|phens life and health were miraculously con|tinued. Many other wonderful cures doth Austin there mention, as done by Stephen's Reliques. But who seeth not that the hand of Joab was in all these things? For by this means Satan hath filled the World with Su|perstition. The Cross is worshipped; The Reliques of Martyrs are adored; The ho|nour due to God alone is given to the crea|ture. The same method has the grand Ene|my observed, that so he might bring that Su|perstition of Iconolatry or Image Worship, which is so provoking to the jealous God, in|to repute amongst Christians. It would be endless to enumerate how many in Popish Countries have been cured of Diseases which for their sins God hath suffered the Devil to punish them with, by touching the Image of this or that Saint. Nay, some whose bodies have been possessed with evil Spirits, have in that way of Superstition found relief; in a Page 274 more especial manner, when the Image of the Virgin Mary hath been presented before persons Possessed, the Devil in them hath cri|ed out, and shrieked after a fearful manner, as if he had been put to horrible torture at the sight of that Image, and so hath seemed to depart out of the miserable creature molested by him; and all this that so deluded Papists might be hardened in their Superstitious opi|nion of that Image. Many such devices hath Satan to ensnare and ruin the Souls of Men. Some report that the Bodies of Ex|communicates in the Greek Churches at this day, are strangely handled by the Devil, af|ter Death hath taken hold of them. M. Ricaut in his Relation of the present state of the Greek Churches, Page 279.&c. saith that a grave Kaloir told him that to his own cer|tain knowledge, a person who fell under their Church-censure, after he had been for some time buried, the People where his corps lay interred, were affrighted with strange Ap|paritions, which they concluded arose from the Grave of the accursed Excommunicate, which thereupon was opened, and they found the Body uncorrupted, and replete with Blood, the Coffin furnished with Grapes, Nuts, &c. brought thither by infernal Spirits. The Kaloirs resolved to use the common re|medy Page 275 in those cases, viz. to cut the body in several parts, and to boyl it in Wine, as the approved means no dislodge the evil Spirit, but his Friends, intreated rather that the Sen|tence of Excommunication might be rever|sed, which was granted. In the mean time Prayers, and Masses, and Offerings were presented for the dead, and whilst they were performing these Services, on a sudden was heard a rumbling noise in the Coffin of the dead party. Which being opened, they found the body consumed and dissolved into dust, as if it had been Interred seven years. The hour and minute of this dissolution be|ing compared with the date of the Patriarchs release when signed at Constantinople, was found exactly to agree with that moment. If there be truth in this Relation, 'tis a dread|ful evidence of Satans Reigning amongst a Superstitious People, who nevertheless call themselves Christians; and that he does by such means as these keep them under chains of darkness still. The Devil hath played such Reax as these are, not only amongst Christians but amongst the Gentiles of old. For Titus Latinus was warned in his sleep that he should declare unto the Senate that they must reniew their Stage-plays; he neg|lecting to deliver his Message, was again by Page 276 the same Daemon spoken unto in his sleep and severely reproved for his Omission, and his Son died. Still persisting in his omission the Daemon again cometh to him, so that he was surprized with an acute and horrible dis|ease. Hereupon by counsel of his Friends, he was carried in his Bed into the Senate, and as soon as he had declared what he had seen, his Health was restored, that he returned home upon his feet: The issue was, Stage|plays were more in fashion than ever before. Augustin de civitate Dei, Lib.4. Cap.26.Learned men are not ignorant that strange Cures were effected amongst the Heathen by the use of Talismans, or Images; of which inven|tions Zoroaster (the Father of Magicians) is supposed to be the first Author. It is report|ed that Virgil made a brazen fly, and a gol|den horse-leach, whereby Flies were hindred from coming into Naples, and the Horse-lea|ches were all killed in a Ditch. Thus doth Beelzebub draw miserable Men into Super|stition.
And although I am upon a serious Subject, any my design in writing these things; that is so I might bear witness against the Supersti|tion, which some in his land of light have been found guilty of; and that (if God shall bless what has been spoken to convince Page 277 men of the error of their way) the like e|vils may no more be heard of amongst us; this notwithstanding, it may not be improper here to recite some facerious passages, which I have met with in Hemmingius his Discourse, De superstitione Magica, since they are to my present purpose, as discovering what delight the infernal Spirits take in drawing Men to make use of Superstitious means for the reco|very of health unto their bodies. The Learned Author mentioned, reports, that as he was instructing his Pupils in the Art of Logic, he had occasion to recite a couple of Verses consisting of nine Hobgoblin words, Fecana, cajeti, dephenes, &c. adding by way of Joke, that those Verses would cure a Fea|ver, if every day a piece of Bread were gi|ven to the sick person, with one of these words written upon it. A simple Fellow that stood by, thought Hemmingius had been in earnest in what he spoke, and not long af|ter having a Servant that f•ll sick of a Fea|ver, he gave him the first day a bit of Bread, with a Paper wherein Fecana was written, and so on for six dayes until he came to the word Gebali; and then on a sudden his Servant was well again. Others seeing the efficacy of the Amulet did the like, and many were cured of Feavers thereby. In the same Chap|ter, Page 278P.908. Hemingius writeth of a knavish Scholar, that a certain Woman repairing to him for help, who was excedingly troubled with sore eyes, promising him a good reward for his cure, the Knave, though he had no skill, yet for lucre sake, he promised to effect the cure; and in order thereto taketh a Piece of Paper, and maketh therein Chara|cters, unto which he never saw the like be|fore, only then devised them, and writeth in great Letters these Abominable Words, Diabolus eruat tibi oculos, & foramina stercoribus impleat. (The Papists say that their Saint Francis caused the Devil to depart out of a possessed person by using an a like bruitish ex|pression.) He folded up the Paper in a cloth, requiring the diseased party to wear it about her neck, which she did and her disease was healed. After two years, being desirous to know what was in the Paper, she caused it to be opened and read; and being greatly of|fended and inraged at this Indignity, cast the Paper away, immediately upon which her sore eyes returned again. Without doubt then, the Devils design in this cure, was to encourage the prophane Impostor to endea|vour the removal of diseases by like Super|stitious and wicked practices, whereby his own and the Souls of others unto whom he should Page 279 impart the Mystery, would be endangered. The like is to be affirmed concerning at|tempts to heal diseases, by scratching suspe|cted Witches, or stopping Urin in Bottles, nailing of Horse-shoes, &c. It may be the time will come, when they that have been thus foolish, will feel their own Consciences smiting them for what they have done. Let them remember the Example of that graci|ous and famous Gentlewoman, Mrs. Honey|wood; the occasion of whose sorrowful and doleful desertion, was, in that having a Child sick, she asked counsel of a Wizard about its Recovery. Certainly, it is better for persons to repent of sin the procuring cause of all affliction, and by the prayer of Faith to be|take themselves to the Lord Jesus, the great Physitian both of body and soul, and so to wait for healing in the use of lawful means, until God shall see meet to bestow that mer|cy on them; I say this is better, than to fol|low such dark methods as those declared a|gainst, wherein if they have found any suc|cess, they may fear it is in wrathful judgment unto them or theirs. Some observe that per|sons who receive present healing in such un|lawful wayes, usually come to unhappy ends at last. Let me then conclude the Answer unto the case propounded with the words Page 280 which th Angel bid the Prophet Elijah speak to Abaziah's Messengers, 2 King.1.3. Is it be|cause there is no God in Israel, that you go to Baal|zebub the God of Ekron?
There is another Case of Conscience which may here be enquired into, viz. Whether it be lawful to bind persons suspected for Witches, and so cast them into the Water, in order to ma|king a discovery of their innocency or guiltiness; so as that if they keep above the Water, they shall be deemed as confoederate with the Devil, but if they sink they are to be acquitted from the crime of Witchcraft. As for this way of purgation it cannot be denied but that some learned men have indulged it. King JAMES ap|proveth of it, in his Discourse of Witch-craft B. 3. Chap.6. supposing that the water refur|seth to receive Witches into its Bosom, be|cause they have perfidiously violated their Covenant with God, confirmed by Water in Baptism. Kornmannus and Scribonius do upon the same ground justifie this way of tryal. But a worthy Casuist of our own, giveth a judicious Reply to this supposed, viz. that all Water is not the Water of Baptism, but that only which is used in the very act of Baptism. Moreover, according to this notion the Proba would serve only for such persons as have been Baptized, Wierus and Bodinus have Page 281 written against this Experiment. So hath Hemmingius; who saith, that it is both supersti|tious and ridiculous. Likewise, that Learned Physitian John Heurnius has published a Trea|tise, which he calls, Responsum ad supremam curiam Hollandiae nullum esse aequae innatatio|nem lamiarum indicium. That Book I have not seen, but I find it mentioned in Meursius his Athenae Batavae Amongst English Au|thors, Dr. Cott hath endeavoured to shew the unlawfulness of using such a practice. Also Mr. Perkins is so far from approving of this probation by cold water, as that he rather in|clines to think that the persons who put it in practice are themselves after a sort practisers of Witch-craft. That most Learned, Judi|cious, and Holy Man, Gisbertus V•etius in his forementioned Exercitation de Magia, P.573. endeavours to evince that the custom of try|ing Witches by casting them into the Wa|ter is unlawful, a Tempting of God, and indirect Magic. And that it is utterly unlawful, I am by the following Reasons convinced:
1. This practice has no Foundation in na|ture, nor in Scripture. If the Water will bear none but Witches, this must need proceed either from some natural or some super|natural cause. No natural cause is or can be assigned why the bodies of such persons Page 282 should swim rather than of any other. The Bodies of Witches have not lost their natural Properties, they have weight in them as well as others. Moral changes and viceousness of mind, make no alteration as to these na|tural proprieties which are inseparable from the body. Whereas some pretend that the Bodies of Witches are possessed with the De|vil, and on that account are uncapable of sinking under the water; Malderus his reply is rational, viz. that the Allegation has no solidity in it, witness the Gadarens Hoggs, which were no sooner possessed with the De|vil but they ran into the Water, and there perished. But if the experiment be superna|tural, it must either be Divine or Diabolical. It is not divine; for the Scripture does no where appoint any such course to be taken to find out whether persons are in league with the Devil or no. It remains then that the experiment is Diabolical. If it be said, that the Devil has made a compact with Wizards, that they shall not be drowned, and by that means that Covenant is discovered; the Re|phy is, we may not in the least build upon the Devils word. By this Objection the mat|ter is ultimately resolved into a Diabolical Faith. And shall that cast the scale, when the lives of men are concerned? Suppose Page 283 the Devil saith these persons are Witches, must the Judge therefore condemn them?
2. Experience hath proved this to be a fal|lacious way of trying Witches, therefore it ought not to be practised. Thereby guilty persons may happen to be acquitted, and the innocent to be condemned. The Devil may have power to cause supernatation on the wa|ter in a person that never made any compact with him. And many times known and convicted Wizards have sunk under the wa|ter when thrown thereon. In the Bohemian History mention is made of several Witches, who being tried by cold water were as much subject to submersion as any other persons. Delrio reports the like of another Witch. And Godelmannus speaks of six Witches in whom this way of trial failed. Malderus saith It has been known that the very same per|sons being often brought to this probation by Water, did at one time swim and another time sink; and this difference has sometimes hapned according to the different persons making the experiment upon them; in which respect one might with greater reason con|clude that the persons who used the experi|ment were Witches, then that the persons tried were so.
3. This way of purgation is to be account|ed Page 284 of, like other provocations or appeals to the Judgement of God; invented by men: such as Camp-fight, Explorations by hot water, &c. In former times it hath been customary (and I suppose tis so still among the Norwe|gians) that the suspected party was to put his hand into scalding water, and if he received no hurt thereby then was he reputed inno|cent; but if otherwise, judged as guilty. Al|so, the trial by fire Ordeal has been used in our Nation in times of Darkness. Thus Emma the Mother of King Edward the Confessor, was led barefoot and blindfold over certain hot irons, and not hapning to touch any of them, was judged innocent of the crime which some suspected her as guilty of. And Kunegund Wife to the Emperour Henry II. be|ing accused of Adultery, to clear her self, did in a great and honourable Assembly take up seven glowing irons one after onother with her bare hand, and had no harm thereby. These bloody kind of Experiments are now generally banished out of the World. It is pity the Ordeal by cold water is not exploded with the other.
4. This vulgar probation (as it useth to be called) was first taken up in times of Su|perstition, being (as before was hinted of o|ther Magical Impostures) propagated from Page 285Pagans to Papists, who would (as may be ga|thered from Bernards 66 Serm. in Cantica) sometimes bring those that were under suspi|cion for Heresie unto their Purgation in this way. We know that our Ancestors, the old Pagan Saxons had amongst them four sorts of Ordeal (i. e. Trial or Judgement as the Saxon word signifies) whereby when sufficient proof was wanting, they sought (according as the Prince of darkness had instructed them) to find out the truth concerning su|spected persons, one of which Ordeals was this, the persons surmised to be guilty, having Cords tied under their Arms, were thrown with it into some River, to see whether they would sink or swim. So that this Probation was not originally confined to Witches, but others supposed to be Criminals were thus to be tried: but in some Countries they thought meet thus to examine none but those who have been suspected for familiarity with the Devil. That this custom was in its first rise Superstitious is evident from the Ceremonies of old used about it. For the Proba is not ca|nonical, except the person be cast into the Water with his right hand tied to his left foot. Also, by the Principle which some approvers of this Experiment alledge to confirm their fansies; their Principle is, Nihil quod per Page 286 Necromantian fit, potest in aqua fallere aspectu• intuentium. Hence William of Malmsbury, Lib.2.P.67. tells a fabulous Story (though he relates it not as such) of a Traveller in Italy that was by a Witch transformed into an Asse, but retaining his humane understanding would do such feats of activity, as one that had no more wit than an Asse could not do; so that he was sold for a great price; but breaking his Halter he ran into the Water, and thence was instantly unbewitched, and turned into a Man again. This is as true as Lucian's Relation about his own being by Witch-craft transformed into an Asse; and I suppose both are as true as that cold water will discover who are Witches. It is to be lamented, that Protestants should in these dayes of light, either practise or plead for so Superstitious an Invention, since Pa|pists themselves have of later times been a|shamed of it. Verstegan in his Antiquities, Lib.3. P.53. speaking of the trial by Ordeal, and of this by cold water in particular, has these words; These aforesaid kinds of Ordeals, the Saxons long after their Christianity continued: but seeing they had their beginnings in Paganism and were not thought fit to be continued amongst Christians: at the last by a Decree of Pope Ste|phen II. they were abolished. Thus he. Yea, Page 287 this kind of trial by Water, was put down in Paris A. D. 1594. by the supream Court there. Some learned Papists have ingenuous|ly acknowledged that such Probations are Su|perstitious. It is confessed that they are so, by Tyraeus, Binsfeldius, Delrio, and by Malde|rus de magia, Tract. 10. Cap. 8. Dub. 11. who saith, that they who shall practise this Super|stition, and pass a judgement of Death upon any persons on this account, will (without repentance) be found guilty of Murder be|fore God.
It was in my thoughts to have handled some other Cases of the like nature with these insisted on: but upon further consideration, I suppose it less needful, the practices which have given occasion for them being so grosly Su|perstitious, as that they are ashamed to show their heads openly. The Chaldaeans and o|ther Magicians amongst the Heathen Nati|ons of old practised a sort of Divination by Sieves (which kind of Magic is called Coscino|mantia) The like Superstition has been fre|quent in Popish Countries, where they have been wont to utter some words of Scripture, and the Names of certain Saints over a Sieve, that so they might by the motion thereof, know where something stollen or lost was to be found. Some also have believed that if Page 288 they should cast Lead into the Water, then Saturn would discover to them the thing they enquired after. It is not Saturn but Satan that maketh the discovery, when any thing is in such a way revealed. And of this sort is the foolish Sorcery of those Women that put the white of an Egg into a Glass of Wa|ter that so they may be able to divine of what Occupation their future Husbands shall be. It were much better to remain ignorant than thus to consult with the Devil. These kind of practices appear at first blush to be Diaboli|cal; so that I shall not multiply Words in e|vincing the evil of them. It is noted that the Children of Israel did secretly those things that are not right against the Lord their God, 2 King.17.9. I am told that there are some who do secretly practise such Abominations as these last mentioned, unto whom the Lord in mercy give deep and unfeigned Repen|tance and pardon for their grievous Sin.
A strange Relation of a Woman in Weymouth in New-England, that has been Dumb and Deaf ever since she was three years old, who ne|vertheless has a competent knowledge in the My|steries of Religion, and is admitted to the Sacra|ment. Some parallel Instances of wayes to teach those that are naturally Deaf and Dumb to speak. Another Relation of a Man in Hull in New|England, under whose Tongue a Stone bred. Concerning that Petrification which humane Bodies are subject unto. That Plants and di|verse sorts of Animals have sometimes bred in the Bodies of Men.
HAving dispatched the Digression, which the things related in some of the pre|ceding Chapters did necessarily lead us into: I now proceed in commem•••ing some o|ther Remarkables, which it is pity but that Po|sterity should have the knowledge of. I shall in this Chapter only take notice of two par|ticulars amongst our selves, with some parallel Instances which have hapned in other parts of the World. I am informed that there is now at Weymouth in New-England a Man and his Wife who are both of them Deaf, and Page 290 that the Woman had been so from her In|fancy; and yet that she understands as much concerning the state of the Countrey, and of particular persons therein, and of obser|vable occurrences, as almost any one of her Sex; and (which is more wonderful) though she is not able to speak a word, she has by signs made it appear that she is not ignorant of Adam's fall, nor of Man's misery by na|ture, nor of Redemption by Christ, and the great concernments of Eternity, and of ano|ther World, and that she her self has had ex|perience of a work of Conversion in her own Soul. I have made enquiry about this matter of some that are fully acquainted therewith, and have from a good hand re|ceived this following account.
I suppose no one that rightly consider the Circumstances of this Relation will make a scruple about the lawfulness of admitting such Persons to participate in the Holy Mysteries of Christ's Kingdom. All judicious Casuists determine, that those who were either born, or by any accident made Deaf and Dumb, if their Conversation be blameless, and they able by sign; (which are Analogous to ver|bal expressions) to declare their knowledge and faith; may as freely be received to the Lords Supper, as any that shall orally make the like Profession. Of this judgement was Lu|ther. And Melancthon (in consil. Part I. Page 268.) Gerhard Loc. Com. Tom. 5. Thes. 226. Alting Loc. Gom. Part I. Page 90. Voetius Disp. 〈◊〉. Part 2. In appendice de surdis. Baldui|cus in his Cases of Conscience (Lib.2.C.12.) does confirm this by producing several In|stances of Dumb persons admitted to the Communion. Its certain that some such have been made to understand the Mysteries of the Gospel, so as to suffer Martyrdome on that account.
In the Year 1620, one that was Leaf and Page 295 Dumb, being solicited by the Papists to be present at Masse, chose rather to suffer death. It is also a thing known, that Men are able by signs to discourse, and to communicate their sentiments one to another. There are above thirty Mutes kept in the Ottoman Court for the Grand Seignior to sport with: Con|cerning whom Mr. Ricaut in his History of the present State of the Ottoman Empire (P.62.) reports, that they are able by signs not only to signifie their sence in familiar Que|stions, but to recount Stories, and understand the Fables of the Turkish Religion, the Laws and Precepts of the Alcoran, the Name of Mahomet, and what else may be capable of being expressed by the tongue. This Lan|guage of the Mutes is so much in fashion in the Ottoman Court, that almost every one can deliver his sense in it. And that Deaf persons have been sometimes able to write, and to understand what others say to them by the very motion of their Lips is most certain. Camerarius tells us of a young Man and a Maid then living at Noremberg, who though Deaf and Dumb, could Read and Write, and ••pher, and by the motion of a mans Lips, knew his meaning. Platerus speaketh of one Deaf and Dumb born, that yet could express his mind in a Table-book, and understood Page 296 what others wrote therein, and was wont to attend upon the Ministry of Oecolampadius, understanding many things by the motion of the lips of the Preacher. Mr. Clark in his Examples (Vol.1. Chap. 33.) saith, that there was a Woman in Edinburg in Scotland (her Name was Gennet Lowes) who being natu|rally Deaf and Dumb, could understand what People said meerly by the moving of their Lips. It is famously known that Mr. Crisp of London, could do the like. Borellus giveth an account of one that lost his Hear|ing by a violent Disease when he was five years old, yet if they did but whisper to him, he could by their Lips perceive what they said. There is one now living (or that not many years since was so) in Silesia in whom that Disease of the Small Pox caused a total Deafness; who nevertheless, by exact obser|ving the motion of Mens Lips, can under|stand what they say; and if they do but Whisper he perceives what they say better than if they vociferate never so loudly. He attends upon publick Sermons, being able to give an account of what is delivered, pro|vided he may but see the Preacher speaking, though he cannot hear a word. It is consistent with reason that Mutes should understand what others say by the motion of their Lips, Page 297 since it is evident that the lips are of great use in framing Speech. Hence Job calls his speech, the moving of his lips, Chap.16. Ver.5, and we know that tongueless persons by the help of their lips and other Organs of speech have been able to speak. Ecclesiastical story informs us of several Confessors of the truth, who after their Tongues were cut out by bloody Persecutors could still bear witness to the truth. Hon•richius (that cruel King of the Vandals) caused the Tongues of many to be violently pluckt out of their mouths; Who after that could speak as formerly: Only two of them when they became guilty of the sin of Uncleanness were able to speak no more; this has been attested by three cre|dible Witnesses who knew the persons: See Mr. Baxter's Church History, P. 130. There is lately Published (in Latin) a very strange Relation of a Child in France (his Name was Peter Durand) who being visited with the Small Pox when he was about six years old, his Tongue putrified, and was quite con|sumed. After which (the Uvula in his Mouth being longer than it was before) he could by the help of the other Organs of Speech discourse as plainly as if he had never lost his Tongue. These things are marvellous. And yet I have lately met with a passage Page 298 more strange than any of these related. There is (or was in the Year 1679.) living near Kerchem in Germany, a Man (his name is John Algair) who suddenly lost the use of his Speech: the case has been so with him, that fourteen years together, he can never speak but at one hour of the Day, just as the Sun cometh to the Meridian he has the li|berty of his Speech for an hour and no more; so that he knoweth exactly when it is twelve a Clock, because then he can speak, and not a minute before that, nor a minute after one. This is related in the Germanic Ephemerides of Miscellaneous Curiosities, for the Year 1679. Observat. 188. It is evident that the Sun has a marvelous influence as to some Diseases, which the bodies of Men are subject unto. For in Egypt though the Plague rage the day before, on that very day when the Sun enters into Leo, it ceaseth, when also the Floods of Nilus abate, as Geographers inform us.
Moreover, it is possible by Art to teach those that are by nature Deaf and Dumb to speak. The Dectylogy of Beda is pretty, whereby Men speak as nimbly with the fin|gers as with the tongue; taking five fingers of the one hand for Vowels, and the several positions of the other for Consonants. But that Deaf persons may learn to speak, happy Page 299 experience hath proved, and that by many Instances. A Castro has given an account of the method by him successfully observed in teaching a Boy to speak that was born Deaf. After the use of some purgative me|dicines, he caused the Hair to be shaved off from his head, over the Coronal suture; and then frequently anointed the shaven place with a mixture of Aqua vitae, Salt peter, Oyl of Butter, Almonds, &c. Having done this, he began to speak to the deaf person (not at his Ear, but) at his Coronal suture; and there after the use of Unctions and Emun|ctions the sound would pierce, when at his Ears it could not enter, so did he by degrees teach him to speak (vide Ephem. German. Anno 1670. Observat. 35.) But others have with good effect, followed another kind of method. There was a Spanish Noble Man (Brother to the Constable of Castile) who being born Deaf and consequently Dumb from his Infancy, Physitians had long in vain tried Experiments for his Relief. At last a certain Priest undertook to teach him to speak. His attempt was at first laughed at, but with|in a while the Gentleman was able (not|withstanding his Deafness still remained) to converse and discourse with any Friend. he was taught to speak by putting a cord about Page 300 his Neck, and straitning or losening the same, to advertise him when to open or shut his Mouth, by the Example of his Teacher. Nor was there any difference found between his Speech and that of other Men, only that he did not regulate his voice, speaking com|monly too high (vid. Conferences of Virtu|osi P.215.) Not long since Fran. Mercur. Helmont, designing to teach a Deaf man to speak, concluded it would be more easily pra|cticable if the experiment were made with an Eastern wide-mouthed Language, which does remarkably expose to the Eye the motions of the Lips, Tongue and Throat. According|ly he tried with the Hebrew Tongue; & in a short time his Dumb Schollar became an ex|cellent Hebrician. Others have lately been as successful in their attempts to cause Deaf persons to speak and understand the Europaean Languages. We need not go out of our own Nation, for there we find living Instances. In the Philosophical Transactions for the Year 1670. Numb.61. an account is given concerning Mr. Daniel Whaley of North-Ham|pton in England; who by an accident lost his Hearing when he was about five years or age; and so his Speech, not at once, but by degrees in about half a years time. In the Year 1661. The Learned and Ingenious Dr. Page 301Wallis of Oxford, undertook to teach the Deaf Gentleman to speak and write. Nor did the Doctor fail in attaining his end. For in the space of one year, the Dumb man had read over great part of the English Bible, and had attained so much skill as to express himself intelligibly in ordinary affairs, to understand Letters written to him, and to write Answers to them. And when Forreigners out of cu|riosity came to visit him, he was able to pro|nounce the most difficult words of their Lan|guage (even polish it self) which any could propose unto him. Nor was this the only person on whom the Doctor she 〈◊〉 his skill, but he has since done the like for another (a Gentleman of a very good Family) who did from his Birth want his Hearing. Like|wise Dr. Holder in his late Book about the na|tural production of Letters, giveth Rules for the teaching of the Deaf and Dumb to speak.
I have the rather mentioned these things; for that there are several others in this Coun|trey who are Deaf and Dumb; whenas if they had an ingenious Instructor, I am abun|dantly satisfied that they might be taught to speak, their Deafness notwithstanding. Nor is this more difficult than it is to learn those that are blind to write; which though some may think it impossible and incredible, there Page 302 is (or at least three years ago there was) a li|ving Instance to convince them. For in the Weekly Memorials for the Ingenious, lately pub|lished at London (in Page 80.) I find an obser|vable passage which I shall here cause to be transcribed and inserted. From the Journal des Scavans, set forth March 25. 1680.
An Extract of a Letter written from Lyons, by M. Spon. M. D. &c. concerning a Remark|able Particular.
Esther Elizabeth van Waldkirk, Daugh|ter of a Merchant of Shaffhausen, residing at Geneva, aged at present nineteen years, having been blind from two Moneths old, by a Distemper falling on her Eyes, never|theless hath been put on to the study of Learning by her Father, so that she under|stands perfectly Fr•••, High-Dutch and La|tin; she speaks ordinarily Latin with her Fa|ther, French with her Mother, and High-Dutch with the People of that Nation; she hath almost the whole Bible by heart; is well skill'd in Philosophy; plays on the Or|gans and Violin; and which is wonderful in this condition, she hath learned to write, by an invention of her Fathers, after this manner:
Page 303 There was cut for her upon a Board, all the Letters of the Alphabet, so deep as to feel the figures with her fingers, and to fol|low the traces with a Pencil, till that she had accustomed her self to make the Chara|cters. Afterwards they made for her a Frame, which holds fast her Paper when she will write, and which guids her hand to make straight Lines; she writes with a Pencil rather than with Ink, which might either foul her Paper, or by failing, might cause her to leave words imperfect. Tis after this manner that she writes often in Latin to her Friends, as well as in the other two Languages.
But thus much may suffice to be spoken a|bout Mutes, and the possibility of their being taught intelligibly to express themselves, though their deafness should still remain. I now proceed unto things of another nature: And the next Remarkable which we shall take notice of, is, concerning one now in Hull in New-England (viz. Lieutenant Collier) who about sixteen years ago, being sensible of pain in his throat, made use of the common Re|medies in that case, but to little effect. At last the pain about those parts became very extream, especially when he drank any Beer, nor was he able to swallow without much Page 304 difficulty, so that he lived upon Water and liquid Substances. After he had been for some time in this misery, a Stone appeared under his Tongue, which though visible to the Eye, continued there for some dayes be|fore it was taken out; and at last of it self fell into his mouth, (and so into his hands) leaving an hole behind it at the Roof of his Tongue. This Stone I have by me, whilest I write this, only some part of it is broken away; that which remains, weighs twelve Grains. The person concerned, affirms, that it was first of a yellowish Colour, but now it is white, not being an inch in length, in shape somewhat resembling a Mans Tongue. But that which made the matter the more strange, was, that when he had occasion to void Urin, he was in as much pain as if the Stone had been in his Bladder or Kidney; for when his Urin passed from him, he was usually put into a Sweat with pain and anguish; the reason whereof I shall leave unto the more curious Inquisitors into Nature to de|termine. There are Lapideous Humors in the Bodies of men, occasioned sometimes by Colds, sometimes by ill Diet which are apt to become Stones. It is related by the late German Curiosi, that in the year 1655. a Per|son of quality in Dantzick was much affli|cted Page 305 with a painful Tumor in his Tongue, a skilful Chirurgeon perceiving a Stone there, cut it out, upon which the Patient recovered, the Stone being as big as a small Olive. The like hapned to another in the Year 1662. Again in the Year 1678. a Gentlewoman in Grunberg, having been for several Years in the Spring and in the Fall afflicted with a pain in her tongue, at last the pain became intol|lerable, untill a Stone as big as a a Filbord. Nut came out of her Tongue, upon which she had ease. In the Philosophical Transactions for the Year 1672. Page 4062. an account is given of a Man in England who had a Stone breeding under his Tongue, occasioned by his suffering much cold in a Winter Sea-Voy|age. Not long after his Landing, he found an hard lump in the place where the Stone was generated. There were eight years be|tween the time of the Stones first breeding and its being taken away. Upon a fresh cold-taking he suffered much pain, but when his cold was over his pain ceased. At last it caused a swelling about his throat, especially at the first draught of Beer at Meals. The last Summer of his affliction, the Stone cau|sed him to be vertiginous; and some dayes, before its excision, such an a•••dance of Rheume and Spittle flowed out of his Page 306 his Mouth, as would presently wet all the Bed about him. The Stone weiged but seven Grains, being much of the shape of our or|dinary Horse-beans. This Stone was by ju|dicious Observators judged to be one of those Tumors called Atheroma, and therefore the Name they would have it called by, is Lapis Atheromatis. Stones have been taken out of the Joynts of many Gouty persons, some cold Imposthumes arising in their joynts before. Sennertus, Platerus, Bartholinus, Skenckius, and other learned Men have observed that Hu|mane Bodies are subject to putrification in every part of them, and many notable Instan|ces to this purpose are mentioned in the Phi|losophical Transactions at London; and by the Curiosi in forreign Countries. I presume it will not be unacceptable unto such as have not those Books, for me to relate some Ex|amples out of them to our present purpose. There was then, a Man who being troubled with a Catarrh and obstruction of Urin, when a Vein was opened there came four Stones out of it. Again a person that was much af•licted with a Distillation of Rhume. And another that was continually imployed in preparing Lime: Small stones bred in their Lungs, many of which (as big as Peas) were Coughed up. A Stone as big as a Gooses Page 307 Egg was found adhaering to the Liver of the Countess of Nadasti. One that died by a violent pain in his head, there was found a Stone therein between the Dura and the Pia Mater. A Woman that died by Nephretick Pains, the Physitian found her left Kidney to be filled with large Stones, as for the right Kidney the substance of it was converted into a perfect Stone. In the same year there was an Ox near Padua, in Italy, which could by no means be made fat; but was observed to be strangely stupid, and to hold down his head after an unusual manner; they that killed him, found that his Brains were petri|fied, being as hard as Marble. The like hap|ned to another Ox in Su•••a. Nor are Hu|mane Bodies wholly free from the like Petri|fication; for Anatomists of good credit, affirm that they have known several dissected by them, whose Brains were in part petrified. Nay the heart it self is not exempted from this Misery. There were three Stones found in the Heart of the Emperour Maximiltan II. It is no less strange that Bones should be ge|nerated in the Lungs, Heart, and other Bo|wels. Nothing in nature seems more myste|rious than that which hapned to the Brother of the illustrious Caspar Horwath, a Baron in the Kingdom of Hungaria, who having been Page 308 for some years Consumptive, after his Death the Physitians opened him, and found in the midst of his heart (which was very much dried) a Bone like an Almond, perfectly expressing the genuine Effigies of the dead Gentleman, representing his very Beard, and all the features of his face of exactly, as that it was not possible for any Artist to have drawn a Picture more like the Person, than Nature had performed in this Bone (vide Germ. Ephem. An. 1671. Observ.40. P.72.) Moreover, credible Histories Report, that in Africa, the Bodies of Men (and of other Animals) have been turned into perfect Stones. Nor is that much less prodigious which Albosius reports concerning a Tailors Wife (her Name was Columba Chatry) who having conceived with Child, the usual time for Delivery being come, was in great pain, and other symptoms of Birth appeared, yet she was never Delivered, but lived twenty eight years in much misery, still retaining her Burden. After her Death, the Physicians found that the Child within her was turned into a Stone, vid. Sennert.Pract. Med. Lib.4. Part 2. Cap.8. De Lythepaedia. Thuanus hath another Instance like unto this. And within a few years there hapned a thing as prodigious and astonishing (though without any Lapi|dification) Page 309 as any of the former Relations. For in the Year 1652. the Wife of John Pu|get at Tolouse in France, being with Child and come to her full time, was in travailing pains, but no Child followed. For the space of twenty years she perceived the Child to stir, with many troublesome symptoms accompa|nying; but for the six last years of her life, she perceived it not to move; falling sick she requested a Chirurgeon to open her after she was dead; that being done, a Child was found in her Body, neither putrified nor yet petrified. All the inward parts of the Child were discoloured with a blackishness, except the heart, which was red, and without any issuing blood. This Infant weighed eight pound Averd••po•se. The Mother died, June 18. 1673. being about the sixty fourth year of her Age. I should hardly give credit to a Story so stupendous and incredible, were it not mentioned in the Philosophical transacti|ons (No.1 •9. P. 979. as a thing most un|doubtedly true. But to conclude the Discourse we are upon, I shall only add here, that it is not so strange for Stones to breed in all parts of the Bodies of Men, as for Plants, and di|verse sorts of Animals to be formed therein: Yet many Authors have arrested to this. And a late Writer affirms that there was not long Page 310 since a Woman who having drunk Stagnating Water out of a Pond where Frogs used to keep, grew Cachectical, and swelled so as that she was thought to be Hydropical. One Evening walking near the Ponds where the Frogs cro|ked, she perceived Frogs to croke in her Bel|ly. Acquainting a Physician, he gave her a strong Catbartick, whereupon she cast up two living Frogs pretty large, green on their back and yellow under their bellies, and voided three dead by siege, with a great deal of greenish Serum, after which she was well disposed. Again in the Year 1680. A Man living near Lyons in France, voided a Worm seven Ells long, scaly like a Serpent, and hairy. See the Weekly Memorials for the Ingenious, P. 67,82,100.
Of Remarkable Tempests in New-En|gland. A Remark upon the Hurricane, Anno. 1635. A Remarkable accident by a sudden freezing of Rain in the Year 1659. A Strange Whirl-wind in Cambridge 1680. Another in New-Haven Colony 1682. Another at, Spring|field. Some parallel Instances. Of Earthquakes in this Countrey. Land wonderfully removed. Parallel Stories. Of Remarkable Floods this year, not only in New-England, but in other parts of the World. An account of a prodigious Flood in France five years ago, with conjectures concerning the natural reason of it.
OTher Remarkables besides those already mentioned, have hapned in this Coun|trey, many of which I cannot here insert, as not having received a full and clear account concerning them. Nevertheless, such parti|culars as I have by good and credible hands been informed of, I shall further add. And let it be here Recorded, that we have seen diverse Tempests in New-England, which de|serve to have a Remark set upon them, in re|spect of some notable Circumstances where|with they have been attended. I have not Page 312 heard of any Storm more dismal than the great Hurricane which was in August 1635. the fury whereof threw down (either break|ing them off by the bole or plucking them up by the roots) thousands of great Trees in the Woods. Of this some account is given by Mr. Thacher, in the first Chapter of our present Collection. And I must confess, I have peculiar reason to commemorate that solemn providence, inasmuch as my Father and Mother, and four of my Brethren were then in a Vessel upon the Coast of New-En|gland, being at Anchor amongst the Rocks at the Isles of Sholes when the Storm began; but their Cables broke, and the Ship was dri|ving directly upon a mighty Rock, so that all their lives were given up for lost, but then in an instant of time, God turned the Wind a|bout, which carried them from the Rock o• Death before their eyes: This memorable providence is mentioned in my Fathers Life, both in that Edition published in this Coun|trey, Page 21,22. And also in that publish|ed by Mr. Clark in his last Volumn of Live Page 131. Wherefore I shall not here fur|ther enlarge upon it. In the Year 1659 near the Town of Concord in New-England, there hapned that which is somewhat rare and therefore to be reckoned amongst Re|markable Page 313 Accidents. In the Moneth of Fe|bruary, it having rained a great part of the day, at night it froze extreamly, so as that ma|ny Limbs were broken off from many Trees by the weight of the Ice, caused by the sud|den friezing of the Rain upon the Boughs. It was somewhat formidable to hear the crackings made a good part of the night, by the falling of so much Wood (thousands of Cords) as was by that means occasioned. Of later years several places in this Countrey have been visited with strange and awful Tempests. That was very Remarkable which hapned in Cambridge in New-England, July 8. 1680. The persons who were Wit|nesses of that very amazing Providence have declared what themselves observed about it. The History whereof I shall here insert, a Worthy Person having furnished me with the following Narrative,
The last year was attended with sundry Remarkable Tempests in several parts of this Countrey. One of which hapned in New|Haven Colony, June 10.1682. Concerning which I have received from a good hand the following account. This Storm began a|bout 2. h. P. M. and continued two hours. It reached Stratford, Milford, Fairfield, New|Haven, and it was very violent in every one of these places, especially Milford, where three Barns were blown down by it, and one Page 317 House new built, that was forty foot in length, well inclosed, was moved from the Foundation at one corner, near two foot and an half; but the greatest strength of the Storm was about six miles above Stratford, as is evident by the great Havock, that is there made, for the compass of half a mile in breadth, scarce a Tree left standing, which is not shaken by the Storm; the strongest Oaks are torn up by the roots, sometwo foot, some three foot and more over; young Sap|lins that were not so big as a Mans middle, were broken off in the midst: This Storm came out of the West, and the Wind did be|fore the end somewhat vere towards the North; it was attended with a violent Rain: the very noise of the Wind in the Woods, was such, as that those that were in it could not hear the fall of a Tree a few Rods from them. Great Limbs of Trees were carried like Feathers in the Air an incredible di|stance from the Trees they were broken from: Many that were at work in the Woods were in great danger, and had no way to preserve themselves but by running into open Plains, where there were no Trees. The strength of the Storm passed along East and by South, over Stratford River, and between Milford and New-Haven, and there it passed away Page 318 into the Sound towards Long-Island: Many thousands of Trees were blown down both a|bove and below the place before specified, but in the compass of that half mile, the great|est strength of the Storm was; for here al|most there was an universal Destruction of all the Trees, leaving the place upon Hills so naked that very few Trees are found standing. Thus of that Tempest.
Also, on June 26. 1682. there were the most amazing Lightnings that have been known in New-England, a great part of the night being thereby made as light as the Day. In some places grievous Hail fell with the Lightning, breaking the Windows of some Houses. But at Springfield it was most dread|ful, where great pieces of Ice, some seven, some nine inches about, fell down from the Clouds with such violence that the Shingles upon some Houses were broken thereby, and holes beat into the Ground, that a man might put his hand in. Several acres of Corn (both Wheat and Indian) were beat down and destroyed by the Hail. Yet this Hail-storm (though terrible) was not comparable to that which hapned three years ago in another part of the World, viz. at the Town of Blois in France, where the People were by the amazing fury of a prodigious Tempests af|frighted Page 319 out of their sleep, and forced to rise out of their Beds that they might save their lives. Several Houses, and two (Churches) Meeting-houses, were beat down to the ground. This Tempest was likewise ac|companied with a most prodigious Hail, ma|ny thousand stones being found as big as a Mans fist. This unusual Artillery of Hea|ven, broke all the Slates wherewith the Hou|ses were covered, and the Glass-windows, all over the Town, as if they had been beaten in a Morter. Without the Town eight whole Parishes with the Fields adjacent were wholly ruined by that Hail, in such a terrible man|ner, that it seemed as if no Corn had been sown, or Vines planted there. Four other Parishes were much endamaged, multitudes of Chimneys beaten down, so that the da|mage thereby, with the breaking of the Win|dows and Tyles, were valued to be above two hundred thousand Crowns; and the harm in the Vineyards, and Corn-fields in|valuable. The Divine Providence was very much seen, in that Man, Woman nor Child were killed in this fearful Desolation. The Reader may see a more full Relation of this prodigious Hail-storm in Mr. Burton's surpri|sing Miracles of Nature, Page 180,181. As for those sudden Gusts wherewith part of Page 320Cambridge, and several Towns near New-Ha|ven in New-England were Alarm'd, the like hapned at a place in England, fourteen years ago; the account whereof may be seen in the Philosophical Transactions Numb.17. Page 2156. which I shall here insert. It is that which followeth, Octob. 30. 1669. betwixt five and six of the Clock in the Evening, the Wind Westerly, at Ashley in North-Hampton|shire, hapned a formidable Hurricane, scarce bearing sixty yards in 〈◊〉 breadth, and spend|ing it self in about seven minutes of time. Its first discern'd assault was upon a Milk|Maid, taking her Pail and Hat from off her Head; and carrying it many scores of yards from her, where it lay undiscovered some dayes. Next, it storm'd the Yard of one Sprigge, dwelling in Westthorp (a name of one part of the Town) where it blew a Wagon|body off of the Axel-trees, breaking the Wheels and Axel-trees in pieces, and blow|ing three of the Wheels so shattered over a Wall. The Wagon stood somewhat cross to the passage of the Wind. Another Wagon of Mr. Salisburies marched with great speed upon its Wheels against the side of his House to the astonishment of the Inhabitants. A branch of an Ash-tree of that bigness that two lusty Men could scarce lift it, blew over Page 321 Mr. Salisburies House without hurting it, and yet this Branch was torn from a Tree, an hundred yards distant from that House. A Slate was found upon a Window of the house of Samuel Templer Esqr. which very much bent an Iron Bar in it; and yet tis certain, that the nearest place, the slate was at first forced from, was near two hundred yards: Not to take notice of its stripping of seve|ral Houses; one thing is remarkable, which is, that at Mr. Maidwells Senior, it forced o|pen a Door, breaking the Latch, and thence marching through the Entry, and forcing o|pen the Dairy Door, it overturned the Milk|vessels, and blew out three Panes or Lights in the Window; next it mounted the Cham|bers, and blew out nine Lights more: from thence it proceeded to the Parsonage, whos• Roof it more than Decimated; thence crosseth the narrow Street, and forcibly drives 〈◊〉 Man headlong into the Doors of Tho. Brigges. Then it passed with a cursory salute at Tho|mas Marstones, down to Mr. George Wignils, at|least a Furlongs distance from Marstons, and two Furlongs from Sprigges, where it plaid notorious Exploits, blowing a large Hovel of Peas from its Supporters, and settling in cleaverly upon the ground, without any con|siderable damage to the Thatch. Here it Page 322 blew a Gate Post, fixed two foot and an half in the ground, out of the Earth, and carried it into the Fields, many yards from its first abode.
Thus much concerning Remarkable Tempests.
Earthquakes deserve to be mentioned a|mongst Remarkable Providences, since Ari|stotle himself could say; that the Man is stupid and unreasonable who is not affected with them. This part of the World hath not been altogether free from such tremendous acci|dents; albeit, through the gracious providence of God) there never was yet any harm done amongst us thereby, so far as I have heard. The Year 1638. was attended with a considerable Earth-quake. There are who affirm that they heard a strange kind of noise before the Earth began to tremble. Another Earth-quake was observed in some parts of New-England, Anno Domini 1658. Also in in the Year 1662. on the 26, 27, and 28 of January, the Earth was shaken at least six times in the space of three dayes. I re|member that upon the first approach of the Earth-quake, the things on the Shelves in the House began to move. Many People ran out of their Houses with fear and amazement: but no House fell, nor was any damage su|stained Page 323 stained. There was another Earth-quakes April 3. 1668. We in Boston were sensible of it, but some other parts of the Countrey were more terribly shaken. The Indians say that the Earth-quake this year, did stop the course of a considerable River. It is also re|ported, that amongst the French in Nova-Sco|tia, there hapned an Earth-quake which rent an huge Rock asunder to the center, wherein was a vast hollow of an immeasurable depth. Concerning Earth-quakes which have lately hapned in remoter parts of the World, I shall not here insert any thing, having men|tioned them in my Discourse of Comets, Prin|ted the last year. Only therein I have not ta|ken notice of that memorable Earth-quake, in France May 12. 1682. having received Informa|tion concerning it more lately. Such Readers as are inquisitive into things of this nature, may see that Earth-quake described & discour|sed on, in the Weekly Memorials for the Ingeni|ous, Page 125, &c. Remarkable was that which hapned A. D. 1670. at a place called Kene|bunck, in the Province of Main in New-En|gland, where not far from the River side a piece of Clay Ground, was thrown up over the top of high Oakes that grew between it and the River, into the River, stopping the course thereof, and leaving an hole forty Page 324 yards square, wherein were thousands of clay Bullets, like Musket Bullets. It is also re|markable, that the like to this hapned at Casco (twenty miles to the Eastward of the other place) much about the same time: Whether the removal of this ground did pro|ceed from an Earth-quake, or by the eruption of Mineral Vapors, or from some other cause, may be disputed. They that would give a probable conjecture concerning the natural cause, must first know whether a great Drought, or much Rain, or both suc|cessively, did not proceed, of which I am not informed. The like Memorable acci|dents have hapned in several places in En|gland, both in the former, and in this present age; which it may be twill be pleasing and edifying to some Readers for me here to commemorate. To proceed. The like to what hath been related, fell out 1571. in Hereford-shire; Marcley Hill, in the East part of the Shire; with a roaring noise, removed it self from the place where it stood, and for three dayes together travelled from its old •eat. It began first to take its Journey, Fe|bruary 17. being Saturday, at six of the clock at night, and by seven of the clock next Morning, it had gone forty paces, carrying with it Sheep in their Cotes, Hedg Rows, Page 325 and Trees, whereof some were overturned, and some that stood upon the Plain are firmly growing upon the Hill, those that were East were turned West, and those in the West were set in the East. In this Re|move it overthrew Kinnaston Chappel, and turned two High-wayes near an hundred yards from their old paths. The Ground that thus removed was about twenty six Acres, which opening it self with Rocks and all, bore the Earth before it for four hundred yards space, without any stay, leaving Pastu|rage in place of the Tillage, and the Tillage overspread the Pasturage. Lastly overwhelm|ing its lower parts, it mounted to an Hill of twelve Fathom high, and there rested, after three dayes Travel. Again on the third of January, A. D. 1582. at Hermitage in Dor|set-shire, a place of ground of three Acres, removed from its old place (as is testified by Stow in his Summary) and was carried over another Closure where Alders and Willows grew, the space of forty Rod or Perches, and stopped the High-way that led to Corne, and the Hedges that it was inclosed with, inclose it still, and the Trees stand bolt upright, and the place where this Ground was before, is left like a great Pit. Also on the fourth of August 1585. at Metingham in Kent, after a Page 326 very violent Tempest of Thunder and Rain, the Ground suddenly began to sink, and three great Elms growing upon it, were carried so deep into the Earth, that no part of them could any more be seen. The Hole left is in compass eighty yards, and a Line of fifty Fa|thom plummed into it finds no bottom. Al|so December 18. 1596. a mile and half from Westram Southward (which is not many miles from Motingam) two Closes lying to|gether, separated, with an Hedge of Hollow Ashes; there was found a part thereof twelve Pearches long, to be sunk six foot and and an half deep; the next morning fifteen foot more; the third morning eighty foot more at the least, and so daily that great Trench of Ground containing in length about eighty Pearches, and in breadth twenty eight, began with the Trees and Hedges on it, to lose it self from the rest of the Ground lying round about it, and withal to move and shoot for|ward day and night for eleven dayes. The Ground of two Water-pits, the one six foot deep of Water, the other twelve at the least, and about four Pearches over in breadth, ha|ving sundry Tuffs of Aldens and Ashes grow|ing in the Bottoms, with a great Rock of Stone under them, were not only removed out of their places, and carried towards the Page 327 South, at least four Pearches a pieces, but 〈◊〉 mounted aloft, and become Hills, with the•〈◊〉, Flags, and black Mud upon the 〈◊〉 of them, higher than the face of the Water which they had forsaken) by three foot, and in the place from which they are removed; other ground which lay higher is descended, receiving the Water which lies upon it. Moreover, in one peace of the plain Field, there is a great hole made by l•king of the Earth to the depth of thirty foot at the least, being in breadth in some pla|ces two Pearches over, and in length five or six Pearches. Also there an Hedge thirty Pearches long, carried Southwad with his Trees, seven Pearches at the least; and sun|dry other sinkings there be in divers places, one of sixty Foot, another of forty seven, and another of thirty four foot, by means of which confusion is come to pass, that where the highest Hills were, there be the deepest Dales, and the lowest Dales are be|come the highest Ground. The whole mea|sure of breaking, was at the least nine Acres. One Instance more I find to the like purpose in Mr. Childrey his Britannia Baconica, pag.131. where speaking of the natural Rarities of Cheshire, he thus writeth, July 1. 1657. a|bout 3.h. in the Parish of Bukley, was heard a Page 328 very great noise like Thunder afar off, which was much wondred at, because the sky was clear, and no appearance of a Cloud. Short|ly after a Neighbour comes to me (saith the Author of this Relation) and told me I should see a very strange thing, if I would go with him, so coming into a Field, called the Lay-field, we found a very great Bank of Earth which had many tall Oaks growing on it, quite sunk under the ground, Trees and all. At first we durst not go near it, be|cause the Earth for near twenty yards round about is exceeding much rent, and seems rea|dy to fall in; but since that time my self and some others by Ropes have ventured to see the bottom, I mean to go to the brink, so as to discern the visible bottom, which is Wa|ter, and conceived to be about thirty yards from us, under which is sunk all the Earth a|bout it for sixteen yards round at least; three tall Oaks, a very tall Awber, and cer|tain other small Trees, and not a sprigg of them to be seen above water: four or five Oaks more are expected to fall every moment and a great quantity of Land is like to fall, indeed never •easing more or less, and when any considerable Clod falls, its much like the report of a Canon. We can discern the Ground hollow above the Water a very great Page 329 depth, but how far hollow, or how far deep is not to be found out by Man. Some of the water was drawn out of this Pit with a Bucket, and they found it to be as salt as Sea|water; whence some imagine that there are certain large passages there, into which the Sea flows under ground, but I rather think, that this Salt-Water is no more but that which issues from those Salt Springs about Nantwich, and other places in this Shire. But of this no more at present.
Some Remarkable Land-floods, have like|wise hapned in New, England. Nor is that which came to pass this present year to be here wholly passed over in silence. In the Spring time the great River at Connecticot useth to overflow, but this year it did so after Midsummer, and that twice: For July 20. 1683. A considerable Flood unexpectedly a|rose, which proved detrimental to many in that Colony. But on August 13. a second and a more dreadful Flood came. The Wa|ters were then observed to rise twenty six foot above their usual Boundaries. The Grass in the Meadows, also the English Grain was carried away before it. The Indian Corn by the long continuance of the Wa|ters is spoiled: so that the four River Towns viz. Windsor, Hartford, Weathersfield, Middle|Town, are extream sufferers. They write Page 330 from thence, that some who had hundreds of Bushels of Corn in the Morning, at night had not one Peck left for their Families to live upon. There is an awful intimation of Divine Displeasure Remarkable in this mat|ter; inasmnch as August 8. a day of pub|lick Humiliation with Fasting and Prayer, was attended in that Colony, partly on the account of Gods hand against them in the former Flood; the next week after which, the hand of God was stretched out over them again, in the same way, after a more terrible manner then at first. It is also Remarkable that so many places should suffer by inunda|tions as this year it hath been. For at the very same time when the Flood hapned at Connecticot, there was an Hurricane in Virgi|ma attended with a great exundation of the Rivers there, so as that their Tobacco and their Indian Corn is very much dammfied Moreover, we have received Information this Summer, that the mighty River Danow (the biggest in Europe) hath overflowed its Banks, by means whereof many have lost their lives. Also near Aix in France, there lately hapned an unusual Flood, whereby much harm was done; and had the Waters continued rising but one hour longer, the City had probably been destroyed thereby. There was likewise Page 331 a sudden and extraordinary Flood in Jamai|•o, which drowned many (both Men and Beast) and was very detrimental to some Plantations there. They that came lately from thence, assure us that the Waters in some places arose an hundred and fifty foot. Such mighty Streams did the Heavens sud|denly power down upon them. Thus doth the great God Who sits King upon the Floods for ever, make the World see how many wayes he hath to punish them, when it shall seem good unto him. Many such things are with him. There are who think that the last Comet, and those more rare Conjuncti|ons of the Superiour Planets, hapning this Year, have had a natural influence into the mentioned Inundations. Concerning the Flood at Connecticot, as for the more immedi|ate natural cause, some impute it to the great Rain which preceded. Others did imagine that some more than usual Cataracts did fall amongst the Mountains, there having been more Rain then what now fell, sometimes when no such Flood has followed. It is not impossible, but that the Wind might be a se|condary cause of this Calamity; Judicious Observators write concerning the River Dee in Cheshire in England, that though much Rain do fall, it riseth but little, but if the South Page 332 Wind beat vehemently upon it, then it swells and overflows the Grounds adjoyning ex|treamly; the reason of which is, that the Ri|ver being broad towards the Sea, when the Rain falls it hath a quick and easie passage, but the South Wind brings the Sea in, and doth somewhat stop the free passage of the River into the Sea. Whether there might not be some such natural reason of the great Flood in Connecticot at this time; the inge|nious upon the place, who know best how things are there circumstanced may consider. With us in Boston it was then at first an Euro|clydon; but in the afternoon the Wind be|came Southerly, when it blew with the great|est fierceness. If it were so at Connecticot, it seems very probable that the fury of the wind gave a check to the free passage of the Ri|ver, which caused the sudden overflowing of the Waters. It has moreover been by some observed, that the breaking forth of subter|raneous Waters has caused very prodigious Floods. Since the dayes of Noah, when the Fountains of the great Deep were opened, no History mentions a more surprizing and amazing Inundation than that which hap|ned five years ago at Gascoyn in France) pro|ceeding (as tis probably judged) from the irruption of Waters out of the Earth. Con|cerning Page 333 which Remarkable accident, a judi|cious account is given in the late Philosophi|cal Collections, published by Mr. Robert Hook, Page 9. There being but one of these Books in the Countrey; the Ingenious will not blame me, if I here insert what is there Re|lated, which is as followeth;
In the beginning of the Moneth of Ju|ly, 1678. after some gentle rainy dayes which had not swelled the Waters of the Garonne more than usual; one night this River swelled all at once so mightily, that all the Bridges and Mills above Tolouse were carried away by it. In the Plains which were below this Town, the Inhabi|tants who had built in places, which by long Experience they had found safe e|nough from any former Inundation, were by this surprized, some were drowned to|gether with their Cattle; others had not saved themselves but by climbing of Trees, and getting to the tops of Houses; and some others which were looking after their Cattle in the Field, warned by the noise which this horrible and furious Torrent of Water (rowling towards them with a swift|ness like that of the Sea (in Britain he means) made at a distance, could not scape without being overtaken, though they fled Page 334 with much precipitation: this nevertheless did not last many hours with this violence. At the same time Exactly, the two Rivers only of Adour and Gave, which fall from the Pyraenean Hills, as well as the Geronne, and some other small Rivers of Gascoyn, which have their Source in the plain, as the Gimone, the Save and the Ratt, overflowed after the same manner, and caused the same Devastations. But this Accident hapned not at all to the Aude, the Ariege, or the Arise, which come from the Mountains of Toix, only that they had more of the same then those of the Conseraut, the Comminge, the Bigorre. Those who have heard talk of those Inundations at a distance, were not at all astonished at it, believing it to pro|ceed from the violent Rains of some Tem|pests which had suddenly filled these Ri|vers, or that they had caused a sudden Thaw of the Snow of the Pyraeneans, which had swelled the Rivers that were near.
Monsieur Martel of Montabaun, Advocate of the Parliament, an Inquisitive and Lear|ned Man hath searched after this cause of this Deluge (by the order of Monsieur Fou|cault Intendant de Justice en la generalite de montaban, one not less seeing and under|standing in ingenious Sciences, than expert Page 335 and exact in the performance of his charge and imployment) understanding that this overflowing could not be produced by ei|ther of the forementioned causes, and be|ing assured that it must have had one more extraordinary than all these.
And first he grounded his thoughts upon the report of the People of the place who were witnesses of this Prodigy. And above all of those who being in the highest Val|leys of the Pyraeneans at the very Source, had either seen or known all circumstances, for they all agreed, that it had rained indeed but that the Rain was neither so great, nor lasted so long as to swell the Rivers to that excess, or to melt the Snow off the Moun|tains. But the nature of these Waters, and the manner of their flowing from the Mountains, confirmed him perfectly in his Sentiments. For, 1. The Inhabitants of the Lower Pyraeneans observed, that the Wa|ters overflowed with violence from the En|trails of the Mountains, about which there were opened several Channels, which form|ing so many furious Torrents tore up the trees, the Earth and great Rocks in such nar|row places where they found not a passage large enough. The Water which also spouted from all the sides of the Mountain Page 336 in innumerable Jets, which lasted all the time of the greatest overflowing, had the tast of Minerals.
2. In some of these passages the Waters were stinking (as when one stirs the mud at the bottom of Mineral Water) in such sort that the Cattle refused to drink of it, which was more particularly taken notice at Lombaz, in the overflowing of the Save, (which is one of the Rivers) where the Horses were eight hours thirsty before they would endure to drink it.
3. The Bishop of Lombez having a de|sire to cleanse his Gardens, which the Save passing through by many Channels by this overflowing, had filled with much Sand and Mud; those which entred them felt an itching like to that which one feels when one Bathes in Salt-water, or washes one self with some strong Lixivial: these Wa|ters have caused the same kind of itching risings in the skin. This last Observation is not less strong then both the others to prove, that this over-flowing was not either caused by the Rains, or by the meltings of the Snow, because this itching could not be produced by either of the said Waters, which are not at all of this nature, but by some Mineral juice, either Vitriolic or Alu|minousPage 337 which the Waters had dissolved in the Bowels of the Mountains, and had car|ried along with it in passing through those numerous Crannies. And tis for this rea|son that Monsieur Martel believes he had found out the true cause of this overflow|ing to be nothing else but the subterraneous Waters; for if the Heavens have not sup|plied his prodigious quantity of Waters, neither by the Rain, nor the melting of the Snow: it cannot come else where then from the Bowels of the Earth, from whence pas|sing through divers Channels, it had con|tracted and carried along with it that stink|ing and pungent quality.
But thus much concerning late Re|markable Floods.
Concerning Remarkable Judgements. Qua|kers judicially plagued with spiritual Judg|ments. Of several sad Instances in Long|Island. And in Plimouth Colony. That some of the Quakers are really possessed with Infernal Spirits. Proved by a late wonderful Example of one at Balsham near Cambridge in En|gland. Of several who imprecated vengeance upon themselves. The woful end of Drunkards. And of those that have designed evil against the Churches of Christ in New-England.
THose memorable Judgements which the Hand of Heaven had executed upon notorious Sinners, are to be reckoned a|mongst Remarkable Providences. Lubricus bic locus & difficilis. He undertakes a diffi|cult province that shall relate all that might be spoken on such a Subject, both in that it cannot but be gravaminous to surviving Re|lations, when such things are published, also in that men are apt to misapply the unsear|chable Judgements of God, which are a great deep, as Job's Friends did; and wicked Pa|pists have done the like; with respect to the untimely death of famous Zuinglius. We Page 339 may not judge of Men meerly by outward accidents which befal them in this World, since all things happen alike unto all, and no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them. We have seen amongst our selves, that the Lords faithful Servants have sometimes been the Subjects of very dismal dispensations. There hapned a most awful providence at Farmington in Connecticot Colony, Dec. 14. 1666. When the House of Serjeant John Hart taking fire in the night, no man knows how, (only it is conjectured that it might be occasioned by an Oven) he and his Wife, and six Children were all burned to death before the Neighbours Knew any thing of it, so that his whole Family had been extinguished by the fatal Flames of that unhappy night, had not one of his Children been providentially from home at that time. This Hart was esteemed a choice Christian, and his Wife also a good Woman. Such things sometimes fall upon those that are dear unto God, to intimate, if this be done to the green tree, what shall be done to the dry, that is fit for nothing but the fire. Nevertheless, a Judgement may be so circumstanced, as that the displeasure of Heaven is plainly written upon it, in legible Characters. On which account it is said, that the wrath of God Page 340 is revealed from Heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of Men, Rom.1.18. Sun|dry Learned Men have published whole Vo|lumns profitable to be read, on this Subject, e. g. Goulartius his Historical Collections. 〈◊〉 in his Historical Theater; which is inlarged by L•nicerus. Chassalion his me|morable Histories of the Judgements of God. And amongst our English Writers, D. Beard in his Theater of Gods Judgements, with Dr. Taylor's Additions; and Mr. Clark in his two Volumns of Examples, have said enough to convince Atheists that there is a God, and that there is a Judgement. Yea, the divine providence in Remarkable Punishments in|flicted upon very wicked men has been so conspicuous and glorious, as that the Gentiles of old could not but take notice of it. The Poet could say, Raro antecedentem scelestum deseruit pede paena claudo. And whereas Epi|cures did object that evil men sometimes escape punishment a long time; Plutarch (whose works Beza esteemed to be amongst the most excellent of Humane Writings) has a notable Treatise, the design whereof is to vindicate divine Justice in this matter. Many Re|markable Examples to our present purpose, have hapned in New-England, and more than I shall at present take notice of. All wise Page 341 men that are acquainted therewith, observe the blasting rebukes of providence upon the late Singing and Dancing Quakers, in signal Instances, two or three of which may be here Recorded, that so others may hear and fear and do no more so wickedly.
The first instance, shall be that which con|cerns the unhappy man that was Murdered in Long-Island, of which a good hand in those parts, in a Letter bearing Date, Decemb. 12. 1681. writes as follows.
An intelligent and credible person living upon that Island, in a Letter, Dated Septem|ber 4. 1683. adds as follows;
That which was perpetrated by this woful Generation of Quakers, no longer since than this last Summer in Plimouth Colony, is horrid to be related. Yet inasmuch as the publica|tion of it, will make appear unto all Man|kind, that Quakers are under the strong de|lusions of Satan; I think my self bound to acquaint the World, that not many Moneths ago, a Man passing under the name of Jona|than Page 346 Dunen (alias Singleterry) a Singing Quaker, drew away the Wife of one of Marshfield to follow him; Also one Mary Ross falling into their company, was quickly possessed with the Devil, playing such Fren|tick and Diabolical tricks, as the like hath seldom been known or heard of. For she made her self naked, burning all her Clothes; and with infinite Blasphemy said that she was Christ, and gave names to her Apostles, cal|ling Dunen by the name of Peter, another by the name of Thomas, declaring that she would be dead for three dayes, and then rise again; and accordingly seemed to die; and while she was pretendedly dead, her Apostle Dunen gave out, that they should see glorious things after her Resurrection. But that which she then did, was, she commanded Dunen to Sa|crifice a Dog. The Man and the two Wo|men Quakers Danced naked together, ha|ving nothing but their shirts on. The Con|stable brought them before the Magistrates in Plimouth, where Ross uttered such prodi|gious Blasphemy as is not fit to be mentioned, Dunen fell down like a dead Man upon the floor, and so lay for about an hour, and then came to himself. The Magistrates demand|ing the reason of his strange actings, his An|swer was, that Mary Ross bid him, and he Page 347 had no power to resist. Thus when Men will not receive the Truth in the love of it, the righteous Judgement of God sends upon them the efficacy of Error, that they shall be|lieve a lie. That the Quakers are some of them undoubtedly possessed with Evil and Infernal Spirits, and acted in a more than or|dinary manner by the inmates of Hell, is e|vident, not only from the related Instances, but by other awful Examples which might be mentioned. They are indeed to be pi|tied, in that they themselves know not that an Evil Spirit doth possess and act them. Yet others should from that consideration dread to come among such Creatures, lest haply the Righteous God suffer Satan to take possession of them also. Memorable and marvelous is that Relation published the last year, by Dr. Henry More, in his addition to Mr. Glan|vils Collections, Page 58. &c. wherein a true and faithful account is given of a Man whose Name is Robert Churchman, living at Balsham in Cambridge-shire, who was for some time in|veigled in Quakerisme, and then an Infernal Spirit spake in him, pretending to be an An|gel of Light. Inasmuch as there is (so far as I have heard) but one of those Books in this Countrey; I suppose it will be a service for the Truth, and may (if the Lord please Page 348 to add his blessing) tend to reclaim some from the error of their way, and to deterr those from Quakerisme who have through the temptations of Satan any inclinations thereunto, if that notable History should be more divulged; I shall therefore here insert it. And thus it was, Dr. Templar (the Mini|ster in Balsham) perceiving that Robert Churchman was in danger of being poysoned and seduced by the papers which the Qua|kers had been dispersing in that place, desired him, that when any of their Books came to his hands, he might have the perusal of them. Which being granted, he suggested that it would be very convenient that the person who had given him that Book should be pre|sent when they considered it together. This also was consented to. When the Quaker came, a special subject of the Discourse was, Whether the Scripture is to be owned as a Rule: This the Quaker denied, asserting that the Rule was within them. Hereupon Dr. Tem|plar desired Churchman to take notice, that the Quakers did not own the Scriptures to be their Rule, which before this Conference he would not believe concerning them. The next time he met with his Brother Thomas Churchman, he acquainted him with the Con|ference which had been in Dr. TemplarsPage 349 House, and said for his part he would not be of that Religion which did disown the Scri|pture to be the Rule. Not long after, the Wife of the forementioned Quaker coming to his House to visit his Wife, he met her at the door, and told her she should not come in, intimating that her visit would make di|vision betwixt them. After some Parley the Quakers Wife spake unto him in these words, Thou wilt not believe unless thou see a sign, and thou mayest see some such. Within a few nights after, Robert Churchman had a violent Storm upon the room where he lay, when it was very calm in all other parts of the Town, and a voice within him, as he was in Bed, spake to him, and bid him Sing Praises, Sing Praises; telling him, that he should see the Glory of the New Jerusalem; about which time a glimmering Light appeared all about the room. Toward the morning the Voice commanded him to go out of his Bed naked, with his Wife and Children. They all standing upon the Floor, the Spirit ma|king use of his Tongue, bid them to lie down and put their Mouthes in the dust. which they did accordingly. It likewise commanded them to go and call his Brother and Sister, that they might see the New-Je|rusalem, to whom he went naked about half a mile.
Page 350 When he had delivered his Message, that which spake within him to denounce wrath against them, and declare that Fire and Brim|stone would fall upon them, as it did upon Sodom and Gomorrah, if they did not obey; and so he returned to his own house. Where upon the Floor of a low room, he stood|about three or four hours. All that while he was acted in a very unusual man|ner, sometimes the Spirit within forced him to Sing, sometimes to Bark like a Dog. When his Brother and Sister who followed him were very importunate with him to re|sist it, it bid him to kill them, making use of these words, These my Enemies which would not that I should Reign over them, bring them and slay them before my face. It made him to utter with great readiness; many places of Scripture, which he had no knowledge of before. The drift of what was spoken, was to perswade him to comply with the Qua|kers, and it named some which lived in the Neighbouring Towns. About three or four hours being thus spent, he came to himself, and was able to give a perfect account of what had befallen him.
Several nights after, the same trouble re|turned upon him. His Wife was tortured with extraordinary pains; the Children Page 351 which lay in the room, complained that their Mo•thes were stopped with Wool as they were in Bed. The disturbance was so great, that he had thoughts of leaving his House for a time, and made it his desire to be at Dr. Templars; who prevailed with him not to be so sudden in his removal, but to make some further Trial. It pleased God upon a con|tinuation with him in Prayer every day in the house, that he was at last perfectly free from all molestation. The Quakers hearing of his condition, gave it out, that the power of God would come upon him again, and that the Wound was but skinned over by the Priest. Which made Dr. Templar the more importunate with him to keep 〈◊〉 to the Publick Worship of God, and to have no|thing to do with them or their Writings. Which direction he followed till November 1661. and then perusing one of their Books, a little after upon the tenth day of that Moneth his troubles returned. A voice within him began to speak to him after the former manner. The first Sentence which it uttered was, Cease thou from Man, whose breath is in his Nostrils, for wherein is he to be accounted. The design which he discerned it did aim at, was to take him off from come|ing to the Church (where he had been that Page 352 day) and from hearing the Word of God. It suggested several other Scriptures in order to the perswading of him to a compliance with the Quakers, and told him, that it would strive with him as the Angel did with Jacob, until the breaking of the Day, at which time it left him. The two next nights it gave him the same molestation, saying, it must be with him as it was with David, who gave no sleep to his eyes, nor slumber to his eye-lids, until he found a place for the Lord, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob. Upon Wednesday at night he was very peremptory in his resisting of it. When it began to solicit him, he re|plied, that he saw it was a Spirit of delusion, which he would not obey. Upon which the Spirit denounced a Curse against him in these words, Go ye Cursed into everlasting fire, and so left him with a very great heat in his Bo|dy. After this, he was in his own apprehen|sion in a very comfortable condition, and while he was considering what had hapned, a voice within him spake to him, saying, That the Spirit which was before upon him was a Spirit of Delusion, but now the true Spirit of God was come into him. It ac|quainted him, that the Doctrine of the Trini|ty was true, and that God had an Elect Peo|ple, and that those whom the Father Elected Page 353 the Son hath Redeemed, and when Christ Redeemeth, the Holy Ghost Sanctifieth, and told him that the Minister of the Town would further instruct him about the truth of these things. Upon Thursday morning about break of day, it set him upon his knees as he was in bed, and bid him Farewel. The same day it came upon him in the field as he was going to, and coming from the Market, & pressed upon him to believe that it was the good Spirit which he was acted with, which he still doubted of. One night that week a|mongst many Arguments which it used to that purpose, it told him if he would not believe without a sign, he might have what sign he would. Upon that Robert Church|man desired, if it was a good Spirit, that a Wier-Candlestick which stood upon the Cup-board might be turned into Brass, which the Spirit said he would do. Presently there was a very unsavoury smell in the Room, like that of the snuff of a Candle newly put out; but nothing else was done towards the fulfil|ling of the promise. Upon the Lords Day following, he then attending the publick Worship of God, it came upon him. When the Chapters were named, he turned to them in his Bible, but was not able to read. When the Pslam was Sung, he could not pronounce Page 354 a syllable. Upon Monday morning his Speech was wholly taken away from him. When the Minister in that place came to, him and asked him how it was with him, he moved his head towards him, but was not able to speak; the Minister waited an hour or two in the Room, hoping that his Speech might have returned unto him, and that he might have gained from him some account of his condition. But finding no alteration, he desired those who were present to joyn with him in Prayer. As they were Praying Churchman's Body was with much violence thrown out of Bed, and then with great ve|hemency he called to the Minister Dr. Tem|plar to hold his tongue. When Prayer was done, his Tongue was bound as before, till at last he broke out into these words: Thine is the Kingdome, Thine is the Kingdom; which he repeated (as was judged) above an hundred times. Sometimes he was forced into ex|tream Laughter, sometimes into Singing, his hands were usually imployed in beating his Breast. All of them who stood by, could discern unusual heavings in his Body. This Distemper did continue towards the morn|ing of the next day, and then the voice within him signified to him that it would leave him, bidding him get upon his Knees Page 355 in order to that end, which he did, and then presently he had a perfect command of him|self.
When Dr. Templar came to him, he gave a sober account of all the passages of the day before, having a distinct remembrance of what the Spirit forced him to do, and what was spoken to him by those that stood by. In particular he told the Doctor that he was compelled to give him that disturbance in Prayer, before-mentioned; the Spirit using his Limbs and Tongue, as it pleased, contrary to the inclination of his own mind.
Upon the Thursday following, the Spirit began to rage after its former manner, as Dr. Templar was at Prayer with him, it was very discernable how it wrought upon his Body, forced him to grate his Teeth, and draw his Mouth awry. He told the Mini|ster after he had done, that it bid him to de|nounce woe against him. It pleased God upon continuance in prayer with him, at last to release him of all his trouble, and so far to make it advantagious to him and to his Wife, and some others, which were too much by|assed with the Principles of the Quakers, that now they have a perfect dislike of that way, and do diligently attend upon 〈◊〉 pub|lick Worship of God.
Page 356 Thus concerning this strange but true Re|lation. We may by this judge whose Ser|vants the singing Quakers are; and what Spirit doth powerfully breath in, and act those miserable and deluded Enthusiasts.
But I shall say no more to the Quakers at present; only p•ay that such of them as have not Sinn•d unto Death, may have their eyes opened, and (if possible) be delivered out of the snares of Satan, by whom they are taken Captive at his will.
It hath been by many observed, that Men addicted to horrid Cursings and Execrations, have pulled down the imprecated vengeance of Heaven upon themselves. Sundry very awful Examples of this kind have lately hap|ned: I shall here mention one or two.
The hand of God was very Remarkable, in that which came to pass in the Narragan|set Countrey in New-England, not many weeks since. For I have good Information, that on August 28. 1683. A Man there (viz. Samuel Wilson) having caused his Dog to mischief his Neighbours Cattle, was blamed for his so doing. He denied the fact with Impreca|tions, wishing that he might never stir from that place •f he had so done. His Neighbour being troubled at his denying the truth, re|proved Page 357 him, and told him he did very ill to deny what his Conscience knew to be truth. The Atheist thereupon used the Name of God in his Imprecations; saving, He wished to God he might never stir out of that place, if be had done that which he was charged with. The words were scarce out of his mouth be|fore he sunk down dead, and never stirred more; a Son in Law of his standing by and catching him as he fell to the ground.
A thing not unlike to this hapned (though not in New-England yet) in America, about a year ago. For in September 1682. A man at the Isle of Providence belonging to a Ves|sel whereof one Wollery was Master, being charged with some deceit in a matter that had been committed to him, in order to his own Vindication, horridly wished that the Devil might put out his eyes, if he had done as was suspected concerning him. That very night a Rhume fell into his Eyes, so as that within a few dayes he became sta•k blind. His com|pany being astonished at the Divine hand which thus conspicuously and signally ap|peared; put him ashore at Providence, and left him there. A Physitian being desired to undertake his Cure, hearing how he came to lose his sight, refused to meddle with him. This account I lately received from credible Page 358 persons, who knew and have often seen the Man whom the Devil (according to his own wicked wish) made blind, through the dread|ful and righteous judgement of God.
Moreover, that worse than bruitish sin of Drunkenness, hath been witnessed against from Heaven by severe and signal Judgments. It was a sign of the fearful Wrath of God, upon that notorious Drunkard, at a place called S•atucket in Long-Island; who as he was in Drink, fell into the Fire (the People in the House then being in Bed and asleep) and so continued for some considerable time, until he received his Deaths wound. At his first awakening he roared out Fire! Fire! as if it had been one in Hell, to the great a|stonishment of all that heard him. One in the House flung a pail of Water on him to quench his Clothes, but that added to his tor|ment; so he continued yelling after an hi|deous manner, Fire! Fire! and within a day or two died in great misery. And though this Drunkard died by fire, it is Remarkable that many of those who have loved drink, have died by water, and that at the very time when their understandings have been drowned with Drink. It is an awful consi|ration, that there have been at several times above forty persons in this Land, whom death Page 359 hath found in that woful plight, so that their immortal Souls have gone out of Drunken Bodies, to appear before God the Judge of all.
That Remarkable Judgement hath first or last fallen upon those who have sought the hurt of the People of God in New-England, is so notorious, as that it is become the ob|servation of every Man. This Israel in the Wilderness hath eat up the Nations his Ene|mies, he hath broke their Bones, and pierced them through with his Arrows. Some Ad|versaries have escaped longer unpunished than others; but then their ends have been of all the most woful, and tragical at last. I shall instance only in what hath lately come to pass, with respect unto the Heathen who rose up against us, thinking to swallow us up quick, when their Wrath was kindled against us. Blessed be the Lord, who hath not gi|ven us a prey to their Teeth. The Chief|tains amongst them were all cut off, either by Sword or Sickness in the War time, ex|cepting those in the Eastern parts, whose Ring-leaders outlived their fellows; but now God hath met with them. There were in special two of those Indians, who shed much innocent Blood, viz. Simon and Squando.Page 360 As for bloody Simon, who was wont to boast of the Mischiefs he had done, and how he had treacherously shot and killed such and such English-men, he died miserably the last Winter, Another Indian discharging a Gun hapned to shoot Simon, so as to break his Arm. After which he lived two years, but in extremity of pain, so as that the In|dians when enquired of, how Simon did; their usual Answer was Worse then Dead. He used all means that Earth and Hell (for he betook himself to Powaws) could afford him for his recovery, but in vain. Thus was the wickedness of that Murtherer at last returned upon his own head.
Concerning Squando, the Sachem of the Indians at Saco; the Story of him is upon sundry accounts Remarkable. Many years ago he was sick, and near unto death, after which he said, that one pretending to be the English-mans God, appeared to him in form of an English Minister; and discoursed with him, requiring him to leave off his drinking of Rum, and religiously to observe the Sab|bath day, and to deal justly amongst Men, withal promising him that if he did so, then at death his Soul should go upwards to an happy place; but if he did not obey these commandments, at death his Soul should go Page 361 downwards, and be for ever miserable. But this pretended God said nothing to him a|bout Jesus Christ. However, this Apparition so wrought upon Squando, as that he left his Drunkenness, and became a strict observer of the Sabbath day; Yea, so as that he al|wayes kept it as a day of Fast, and would hear the English Ministers Preach, and was very just in his dealing. But in the time of the late Indian War, he was a principal Actor in the bloody Tragedies in that part of the Countrey. The last year the pretended En|glish-mans God, appeared to him again, as a|fore, in the form of a Minister, requiring him to kill himself, and promising him that if he did obey, he should live again the next day, and never die more. Squando acquain|ted his Wife, and some other Indians with this new Apparition, They most earnestly advised him not to follow the murde•o•s Counsel which the Spectre had given. Ne|vertheless, he since hath Hanged himself, and so is gone to his own place. This was the and of the Man that disturbed the Peace of New-England.
An Account of some Remarkables at Nor|wich in New-England: Special Answers of Prayer made in that place. That People mar|velously preserved. The scandalous miscarriage of one so over-ruled by Providence, as to be an occasion of the Conversion of several others. A further account of some personal Deliverances in Norwich. Concerning sudden Deaths which have hapned in New-England.
THere is lately come to my hand an ac|count of some Remarkables, which have hapned at Norwich in New-England, drawn up by Mr. Fitch, the Judicious and eminently Faithful Pastor of the Church in that place; which that others may be incou|raged to follow his Example, in observing, and recording the special Works of Divine Providence, I shall here insert, as I received it, and so hasten to finish this Essay. It is that which follows.
Remarkable Providences at Norwich.
1. Many times the Heavens have been shut up but God hath answered our Prayers Page 364 in sending Rain, and sometimes so speedily and so plentifully after our seeking the Lord by Fasting and Prayer, that the Heathen, now for more than twenty years upon oc|casion of want of Rain, will speak to us to call upon the Name of the Lord our God; one especial Instance of this kind I have already given, and its upon Record, in the History of the War with the Indians in New-England.
2. Many among us have been in more than ordinary hazard by Rattle-Snakes, some have set their feet upon them, some have been bitten by them upon the skin, and one as he was stooping down to drink at a Spring of Water, spied a Rattle-Snake with|in two foot of his head rising up against him; thus manifold wayes in danger by this Venimous Creature, and yet none of us have suffered any harm, but only one was bitten in the finger, and in a short time perfectly healed.
3. In the time of the Wars with the In|dians, we were not only preserved from the Heathen in the midst of the Heathen, but by the Lords making some of them to be a Wall of Defence unto us. And thus we Page 365 were saved by a Destroying means.
And at this time the Providence of God was very remarkable in preserving many of our People, in one of our Garrisons, who were driven to Garrison several Houses, and the House of which now I speak, did con|tain about sixty persons; and in this House one of the Souldiers taking a Gun Loaden with Bullets into his hand, as he stood in a lower Room, the Lock being half bent, and he holding the Gun right upwards, the Gun was Discharged, though many Peo|ple were in the Chamber, yet none of them suffered any harm, because Providence did guid the Shot into the Summer, that piece of Timber which is the support of the Chamber.
Also one in the same House, looking with a Candle under a Bed for something he wanted, fired some Flax, which filled the Room with Flame and Smoke, and two small Children lay sleeping in this pe|ril, but were preserved from the fire, or any harm by the throng of People in the Room, at length one of the Children was taken up by one of the Men with a purpose of throwing it out of the Chamber Page 366 Window, but at that very moment thers was such an abatement of the Flame, and hope that the worst of the danger was past, that he held the Child in his Arms; and yet presently after the fire brake out again in the uppermost Room in the House, nigh to a Barrel of Gun-powder: but some were guided, strengthened and succeeded in their endeavour, to the extinguishing the fire; so that the Lives, and Limbs, and Goods of all these was preserved by the good hand of God, who doth wonderfully when we know not what to do.
4. One of the Children of the Church grown up, (though not in full Communi|on) was left to fall into a most notorious abominable practice, which did occasion the Church to meet and humble their Souls by Fasting and Prayer, and at this time in the Sermon and Prayer, It was Declared, that the Lord had determined either to bring our Children nearer to him, & not to suffer them to live out of full communion with his Church, or else he would in his Anger leave them to such Abominations as shall cut them off from his Church; And since this time, many young People have by the grace of the Lord been prepared for full Commu|nion, Page 367 and have taken hold of the Cove|nant, confessing, that they have felt the im|pression of that Word upon that abashing occasion spoken: And thus the fall of one hath been the rising of many. Where sin abounds, the Lord can make Grace to su|perabound.
Concerning some Personal De|liverances.
There was a Young-man endeavouring to subdue a young Horse; and a Rope at one end of it was fastned about the Horses neck, but the Horse running with great speed, the other end of the Rope caught the Foot of this Young Man, as in a snare, and was so entangled therein, that he was drawn ten Rods upon his back in a very rough and uneven place of Land, he being utterly unable to free himself, and none at, hand that could help him; and thus it be|ing come to this Extremity, the Horse of himself stood still, so long, and no longer time, than that the Young Man did clear his foot out of the Rope; and thus was Delivered out of the Danger, and suffered not a broken Bone, nor any considerable bruise or harm. Page 368 there was another Young Man, who sat upon a plough-Beam, and suddenly his Cattle moving his Plough turned, and one of his Legs was entangled within the Plough, and the Plough-Irons pressing hard against some part of his Body, but could not free himself; and the more he called to the Cattle, the more speedily they mo|ved, and thus was in danger of being torn in pieces; but in this extremity it was not long before the Cattle of themselves stood still.
There was another Young Man, who did fall about ten foot from some part of the Mill Timber into deep Waters, and a place of many Rocks, a Stream very vio|lent, and he was carried about eleven Rod down the Stream, where there was a great piece of Ice, and while he was in this con|founded and amazed Posture, his hand was guided to take hold of that Ice, and there to hold until one who saw him fall, did ad|venture upon that Ice, and drew him out of the Waters, and thus they were both de|livered.
There was a very aged Man among us, who riding in his Cart over a River, and when the Cattle were coming out of the River, he endeavoured to come out of the Page 369 Cart, but he did fall down so nigh to the Wheel, that it began to press hard against his Breast, and he only speaking to the Cattle they stood still, and ceased moving till he was removed out of the danger, o|therwise, if they had moved a few inches more, he had been prest to death.
Thus far is Mr. Fitch's Narrative. Had all others been as diligent in observing the Works of God, as this Worthy Person has, the account of New-Englands Remarkables would have been more-full and compleat. But other things must be left for another at|tempt of this kind. I shall only add at pre|sent, That there have been many sudden Deaths in this Countrey, which should not pass without some Remark. For when such Strokes are multiplied, there is undoubtedly a speaking voice of Providence therein. And so it hath been with us in New-England this last year, and most of all the last Summer. To my observation in August last, within the space of three of four weeks, there were twelve sudden Deaths (and it may be others have observed more than I did) some of them being in respect of sundry Circumstan|ces exceeding awful. Let me only add here, that sudden Death is not alwayes a Judgment Page 370 unto those who are taken out of an evil World: It may be a mercy to them, and a warning unto others, as the sudden Death of the Prophet Ezekiels Wife was. Many of whom the World was not worthy, have been so removed out of it. Moses died suddenly. And so have some excellent persons in this Countrey done. Governour Eaton at New|Haven; and Governour Haines at Hartford Died in their sleep without being sick. That Excellent Man of God Mr. Norton, as he was walking in his House in this Boston, was taken with a Syncope, fell down Dead and ne|ver spake more. The like has hapned to o|ther Servants of God in other parts of the World. Famous Mr. Vines, on a Lords Day after he had Preached and Administred the Sacrament, went to Bed well, and went to Heaven that night. Nor is there any rule or reason for Christians to pray absolutely a|gainst sudden Death. Some Holy Men have with submission to the Will of the most High, desired and prayed for such a Death. So did Mr. Capel, and God gave him his de|sire; for on September 21. 1656. having Prea|ched twice that Day, and performed Reli|gious Duties with his Family, he went to Bed and Died immediately. The like is reported by Dr. Fuller, in his Church History, con|cerning Page 371 that Angelical Man Mr. Brightman, who would often pray, (if God saw fit) that he might die rather a sudden than a lingring Death, and so it came to pass. For as he was Travelling in the Coach with Sr. John Osborne, and reading of a Book (for he would lose no time) he was taken with a Fainting Fit, and though instantly taken out in the Arms of one there present, and all means possible used for his Recovery, he there Died, August, 24. 1607. The Learned & Pious Wolfius (not the Divine who has written Commen|taries on several parts of the Scriptures; but he that published Lectionum Memorabi|lium & Reconditarum Centenarios) On May 23. 1600. being in usual Health, was, after he had Dined, surprised with a sudden ill|ness, whereof he Died within a few hours. That Holy Man Jacobus Faber, who did and suffered great things for the Name of Christ, went suddenly into the silent Grave: On a Day when some Friends came to visit him, after he had courteously entertained them, he laid himself down upon his Bed to take some Repose; and no sooner shut his Eyes, but his Heaven-born Soul took its flight into the World of Souls.
The Man who being in Christ, shall al|wayes be doing something for God, may Page 372 bid Death welcome when ever it shall come, be it never so soon, never so suddenly.〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
PAge 91. Line 17. for Lat. 48. read Lat. 38. p.105.l.5.r. his pseudodexia. p. 168.l.15. for those r. these. p. 172.l.15. for so r. see. p.173. l. ult. r. Horstius. p. 200.l.22. dele were. p.204. l. ult. r. goodly. p. 254.l. ult. for any r.away. p. 263.l.8.r. Serrarius. p.269. l. ult. before if add 5 P. 273.l. 9.r. Stephen. p. 276.l.35. for that is r. is that, p. 289.l.7. after Instance should have been a full point. p. 298.l.24.r. Dactylogy. p. 299.l.20. for butter. r. bitter. p. 324.l.13. for proceed. r. precede. p. 341.l.3.r. Thomas.Page [unnumbered]
OF Remarkable. Sea-Deliverances. Mr. Anthony Thacher's Relation, concerning his and his Wives being marve|lously preserved alive, when all the Ships Company perished. The wonderful preser|vation of Major Gibbons and his Company. Several other Remarkable Sea-deliverances mentioned by Mr. Janeway, wherein New|England Men were concerned. Mr. Graf|ton's preservation. A Vessel lately coming from Bristol for New-England saved out of great distress at Sea. Some providen|tially met with by a New-England Vessel in an open Boat, many Leagues off from any shoar, strangely preserved. An account of a Remarkable Sea-deliverance which hap|ned this year. Another like unto it above twenty years ago. Page. I.
A further Account of some other Remar|kable Preservations. Of a Child that had part of her Brains struck out and yet lived and did well. Remarkable Deliverances which some in Windsor had experience of. Several in the late Indian War. The Relation of a Captive. Skipper How's memo|rable Preservation. Several Examples somewhat parallel, wherein others in other parts of the World were concerned. Page. 32.
Of Remarkables about Thunder and Lightning. One at Salisbury in New-En|gland struck dead thereby. Several at Marshfield. One at North-Hampton. The Captain of the Castle in Boston. Some Remarkables about Lightning in Roxbo|rough, Wenham, Marble-head, Cam|bridge, Hampton: And in several Vessels at Sea. Some late parallel Instances. Of several in the last Century. Scripture Ex|amples of Men slain by Lightning. Page 72.
Some Philosophical Meditations. Con|cerning Antipathies and Sympathies. Of the Load-stone. Of the nature and won|derful effects of Lightning. That Thunder|storms are often caused by Satan; and some|times by good Angels. Thunder is the voice of God and therefore to be dreaded. All places in the habitable World are subject to it more or less. No Amulets can preserve Men from being hurt thereby. The mise|rable estate of wicked Men upon this ac|count, and the happiness of the Righteous, who may be above all disquieting fears, with respect unto such terrible Accidents. P. 99.
Concerning things Praeternatural, which have hapned in New-England. A Remark|able Relation about Ann Cole of Hartford. Concerning several Witches in that Colony. Of the Possessed Maid at Groton. An account of the House in Newbery lately troubled with a Daemon. A parallel Story of an House at Ted worth in England. Concern|ing Page [unnumbered] another in Hartford, and of one in Portsmouth in New-England lately dis|quieted by Evil Spirits. An account of the Woman at Kitry molested with Apparit|ons, and sometimes tormented by invisible Agents. Page 135.
That there are Daemons. And posses|sed persons. Signs of such. Some Mani|acks are Daemoniacks. Notwithstanding many fabulous Stories about Witch crafts, that there are Witches proved by three Arguments. That Houses are sometimes troubled by Evil Spirits. Witchcraft of|ten the cause of it. Sometimes by the De|vil without Witchcraft; ordered by provi|dence as a punishment for sin. The distur|bance in Walton's house further considered; with a parallel Story. That the things re|lated in the preceding Chapter were un|doubtedly preter-natural and Diabolical. Page 168.
Concerning Apparitions. That they are Page [unnumbered] not so frequent in places where the Gospel preva•leth• as in the dark corners of the Earth. That good Angels do sometimes visibly appear. Confirmed by several Hi|stories. That Cacodaemons oftentimes pretend to be good Angels. That Satan may appear in the likeness of Holy men; proved by notable Instances. Concerning, the appearance of persons deceased. The procuring cause thereof is usually some sin committed. Some late Remarkable Exam|ples. Of Mens covenanting to appear af|ter their Death. It is an heavy Judgment when places are infested with such doleful Spectres. Page 202.
Several Cases of Conscience considered. That it is not lawful to make use of Herbs or Plants to drive away Evil Spirits. Nor of Words or Characters. An Obje|ction answered. Whether it be lawful for Persons Bewitched to burn things, or to nail Horse-shoes before their Page [unnumbered] doors, or to stop Urin in Bottles, or the like in order to the recovery of Health. The negative proved by several Arguments. Whether it be lawful to try Witches by cast|ing them into the Water. Several reasons evincing the vanity of that way of proba|tion. Some other Superstitions witnessed against. Page 248.
A strange Relation of a Woman in Wey|mouth in New-England that hath been Dumb and Deaf ever since she was three years old, who nevertheless hath a compe|tent understanding in the mysteries of Reli|gion; and is admitted to partake of the Sacrament. Some parallel Instances. Of wayes to teach Deaf persons to speak. Of a Man in Hull in New-England under whose Tongue a Stone bred. Concerning that pe|trification, which Humane Bodies are sub|ject to. That divers sorts of Animals have sometimes been formed in the Bodies of Men. Page 289.
Concerning some Remarkable Tempests in New-England. A Remark upon the Hurricane, Anno. 1635. An observable Accident by a sudden freezing of Rain in the Year 1659. A strange Whirl-wind in Cambridge, A. D. 1680. Another at New-Haven the last year. An Hail-storm at Springfield. Some parallel Instances. Of Earth-quakes in this Countrey. Land wonderfully removed. Parallel Stories. Of remarkable Floods this year, not only in New-England but in other parts of the World. An account of a prodigious Flood in France five years ago, with conjectures concerning the natural reason of it. P. 311.
Concerning some Remarkable Judgments. Quakers judicially plagued with Spiritual Judgements. Of several sad Instances in Long-Island; And in Plimouth Colony. That some of the Quakers are really posses|sed with Infernal Spirits. Proved by a late wonderful and astonishing Example of Page [unnumbered] one in Balsham in Cambridge-shire. Of several that have imprecated Vengeance upon themselves. The woful end of Drun|kards. And of those that have designed e|vil against the Churches of Christ in New|England. Page 358.
An Account of some Remarkables at Norwich in New-England. Special An|swers of Prayer made in that place. That People marvelously preserved The scan|dalous miscarriage of one so over-ruled by providence as to become an occasion of the Conversion of several. A further Account of some personal Deliverances in Norwich. Concerning sudden Deaths which have hap|ned in New-England. Page 363.
SOme Sermons concerning the Works of Divine Providence, and on seve|ral other Subjects, preached by the Au|thor of this Book about Remarkable Pro|vidences; are designed to be shortly Pub|lished.