An interpretation of the number 666 wherein, not onely the manner, how this number ought to be interpreted, is clearely proved and demonstrated : but it is also shewed [that] this number is an exquisite and perfect character, truly, exactly, and essentially describing that state of government to [which] all other notes of Antichrist doe agree : with all knowne objections solidly and fully answered [that] can be materially made against it
Potter, Francis, 1594-1678.

CHAP. 29. Objections answered, and difficulties cleared, (even to such as have no knowledge in Arithmetick) concerning those solid figures and numbers, by which the severall measures of the compasse of Rome, and the new Hierusalem may be found out. Also some other objections breifly answered.

HAving now found out the true figure of Antichrists City, some things may be here added to that which is above said concerning the measures of it; and so much the rather because those imaginary measures of the new Hierusalem, by which the true measures of the literall Hierusalem are truly, though mysti∣cally described, do as well depend upon the fi∣gure Page  203 of the City there expressed, as upon the so∣lid number which is there named. For it may be objected that that imaginary solid figure by which the perimeter of the new Hierusalem was found out, was made onely by multiplying the whole Area into the length, or into the breadth of it selfe; and that therefore that imagi∣narie solid figure, by which the perimeter of the opposite City is to be found out, ought not to be a Cube, as it is above said, but ought to be made onely by the multiplication of the Area by the length or breadth of it selfe, having also respect unto the figure of it. To this objection I answer, that although the Area or Basis of a Cube be not like in figure to the Area of the Citie of Rome, yee it may be equall in compasse unto it; and perhaps the literall Hierusalem was not exactly and precisely of an equilaterall square figure, & yet it may be equall in compasse with that cube mentioned in the description of the new Hieru∣salem. But yet neverthelesse J grant that such an imaginarie solid figure, as this objection ay∣meth at, and such a one as is not a perfect Cube, but is agreeable and applicable to the figure of the City of Rome, may be deduced fitly and ana∣logically from the opposite measures of the new Hierusalem, and may also truly shew the Page  204 measures of the City of Rome, as by these figures following shall be declared.

The first Figure.

25000 S••d. sol.*

The second Figure.

25000 Stad. Sol.

The solid measures of both these solid fi∣gures must be understood to be 25000 fur∣longs, that so they may be answerable to those Page  205 12000 furlongs, which are the true measure of the opposite solid figure, raised upon the square Area of Hierusalem, by multiplying the Area it selfe by its own length or breadth. For so like∣wise these two figures are made by multiplying the Area of the Citie of Rome by its length in the one figure, and by its breadth in the other fi∣gure. For because the length of this Area diffe∣reth from the breadth, therefore two solid fi∣gures arise from their severall measures; where∣as by the Area of Hierusalem, in which the length and breadth are all one, there can but one solid figure be produced. Now because these two solid figures (of which one is equall in height to the breadth of the Area of Rome, and the other equall in height to the length of the Area of Rome) cannot be both of them truly ap∣plied to the measures of Rome at the same time, and because no reason can be given, why one should be taken rather then the other (they be∣ing both derived, precisely after the same man∣ner, from the figure and measures of the Area of Rome) as the opposite solid figure is from the Area of Hierusalem. Therefore they must both of them truly expresse the measures of the City of Rome, but at divers times. The first figure in which the height of this imaginarie City is e∣quall Page  206 to the breadth of the Area, sheweth the measures of the Area of Rome, at that time in which Antichrist began first to lift up himselfe and to beare sway in it. The second figure, in which the height of this imaginary City is in∣creased from being equall to the breadth of the Area to be equall to the length of it, shewes the measures of the Area of Rome, at that time when the pride of Antichrist shall be at the highest, and when his Kingdome shall begin to be top∣heavie, and to threaten a downefall both to it selfe, and to those that depend upon it. Who∣soever therefore desires to know how many furlongs in compasse Rome heretofore was, when it was at the greatest that it hath been at, since the first remarkable foundation of the Pa∣pacy; let him by computation finde out the a perimeter of the first solid figure above mentio∣ned, supposing the solid content of the figure to be 25000 furlongs. And whosoever desireth to know how many furlongs in compasse Rome was, when it was in its greatest perfection, beauty and stability, that hath been incident unto it, since the first remarkable foundation of the Papacy; let him by computation finde out the b perimeter of that solid Cube, of which I have above spoken, supposing the solid content Page  207 of itto be 25000 furlongs. And lastly, whosoe∣ver desireth to know, how many furlongs in compasse Rome now is, or shall be when it shall be at the least that ever it shall be at, before its utter ruine and destruction, let him by com∣putation finde out the c perimiter of the second solid figure above mentioned, supposing the so∣lid content of that figure to be 25000 furlongs, and he shall be then resolved that the wisdome of God by the root and figure of this number 666, hath so exquisitely set downe and foretold all the differing remarkable magnitudes of the City of Rome since the Pope ruled in it, that there is no imaginable exactnesse wanting. But be∣cause these things are darke and intricate, and those which have not (and many which have) a competent knowledge in Geometry cannot yet readily finde out the perimeter of a solid fi∣gure having only the solid content & proporti∣on of the whole figure given, but none of the lineall measures, therefore such as would have the truth of these things made plaine and evi∣dent, even to their senses, may consider, that it is a true rule, vt pondus ponderi, ita Solidum solido, that is, As weight to weight, so is solid mea∣sure to solid measure. If therefore one ounce of soft wax, or clay, or any other Homogeniall Page  208 substance be taken, and be moulded and fashi∣oned according to the figure of a Cube, whose length breadth and height are equall, and be supposed to represent 1000 solid furlongs; then the length of one of the sides of this little Cube, being divided into 10 parts, every one of those parts do represent the true length of one furlong. (for 1000 is a perfect and exact Cubi∣call number, whose Cubicall root is 10.) Let there be therefore a scale made or a line divided, containing 100 or 200 of those parts or divisi∣ons. And a line being thus divided let there be another peece of the same wax taken, being in weight precisely twelve times as much as the former, if the former litle Cube were one ounce in weight, then let this be just 12 ounces, and let it be made and fashioned according to the fi∣gure of a Cube. Then let the compasse or peri∣meter of this greater Cube be measured by those divisions of the litle Cube, or by the scale above mentioned, and the perimeter of it will appeare to our senses, and will be found to be 91 of those divisions, & some fractions remaining; as it is above shewed, that the measure of the compasse of the new Hierusalem is 91 furlongs and some odde paces. Then let there be another peece of the same wax taken, being 25 ounces Page  209 in weight, and let it be made into a Cubicall fi∣gure also. And let the compasse of this be mea∣sured by the same divisions above mentioned, and it will be found to be 116 of those divisions and some fractions remaining. Then let the same Cube or another peece of the same wax equall in weight unto it, be moulded into an ob∣long solid rectangular figure having 4 equall sides, the length exceeding the breadth or thick∣nesse by a double proportion and somewhat more, as 37 is to 18, so that it may be like in its proportions, to the first of the two figures a∣bove mentioned, in which the height is equall to the breadth of the Area: and then let the pe∣rimeter of the Basis or Area of this figure be measured by those divisions of the litle Cube first mentioned, and it will be found to be above 140 furlongs as is above said. Lastly let the same peece of wax or another equal in weight unto it be transformed into the figure and proportions of the second figure above mentioned, in which the height is equall to the length of the Area of the same figure: and then let the perimeter of the Basis or Area be measured by the same di∣visions of the scale and litle Cube first made, & the perimeter will be found to be, about 110 fur∣longs Page  210 as is above said. And by this means J sup∣pose, those that have litle, or no insight in Arith∣metick, may understand and see, how the peri∣meter of the new Hierusalem is mystically ex∣pressed by the measures of a solid Cubicall fi∣gure in the 21 Chap. of the Revelation; and may also conceive how the divers measures of the mysticall Babylon or new Rome, may be, mutatis mutandis, analogically deduced from them.

If it be objected against that which J have above said concerning the solid measure of the new Hierusalem, and consequently against all that I have above said of the measures of Rome; that according to some Copies and Editions, the words in the text are not, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. but 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. that is, not twelve thou∣sand, but (as some interpret it) twelve times twelve thousand. J answer first, that that rea∣ding which I have followed, is most generally and commonly received. Secondly, that these words 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, doe more proper∣ly and more probably signify twelve thousand and twelve which causeth no considerable al∣teration in the measures) then twelve times twelve thousand. For if that number had been intended, then it should have been said, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, or rather 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, Page  211 or 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. Lastly, supposing both these divers readings of this text were equally probable, yet being the measure of 12000 furlongs, doth agree with the measures of the same City set down by Eze∣chiel, and the measure of twelve times twelve thousand cannot agree with them, therefore that is the true reading, and not this. For by what meanes can we better interpret a doubt∣full and ambiguous place of Scripture, then by comparing it with another place of Scripture, which is cleare and out of question.

If it be objected, that 12000 furlongs cannot be the exact measure of the new Hierusalem, be∣cause the new Hierusalem is an exact Cubicall figure, but 12000 is not an exact Cubicall num∣ber. I answer, that howsoever some Authors which doe write of these measures, doe seem to imply some such objection, concerning the so∣lid measure; and Lira concerning the square measure of the Area of this City, where he en∣deavours to apply this number 12000 unto it; yet there is no reality in this objection. For, that 12000, or any other number, which is not a per∣fect Cubicall number, or a perfect square num∣ber, may yet be the exact solid measure of a Cube; and may exactly expresse the superficiall Page  212 measure of an exactly square figure, is a certain and undoubted truth which cannot be denied, although perhaps some men doe not suddenly and easily conceive it.

J have now, as J hope, sufficiently answered all such objections, as J doe yet know, can be materially objected against the substance of that which I have above written. And I am willing to publish these things (notwithstanding I can∣not but discover much ignorance and weaknes with them) that J may know what more can be objected against them. Wherefore J do hum∣bly and earnestly desire, those religious, wise, & learned men, which doe not yet believe that the Pope is Antichrist, nor that this is the true inter∣pretation of his number, that they would not conceive their own apprehensions, which seem to make against these positions, so paraeneticall, as if nothing but vaine jangling, could be repli∣ed unto them. Let them publish them to the world, that Truth may be discovered, errors confuted, the Church inlightned, Antichrist revealed, and God glorified. They may perhaps receive satisfaction beyond their expectation, if not from me, yet from those who are better able to defend so much truth as I have written then I my selfe can be. As for Romish Catholiques,Page  213 especially such as are seducers of others, & such as are truly Italionated, J doe well know that no evidence of truth is sufficient to convince them; and that although a man should bray them in a morter with a pestle, yet would they not cease to gain-say those truths, which they are not able to confute. But for those of their laitie, who out of ignorance and simplicity are seduced by them (of which there are many in this Kingdome) I doe rather pray for their con∣version, then desire their confusion, and that God would vouchsafe to open their eyes, that they may wonder at themselves, for having been so long deceived by those hypocrites at Rome; who are that very Synagogue of Sathan, and that corporation of false Prophets, in whom dwelleth bodily, the fulnesse of that spi∣rit of Antichrist, and the fulnesse of that spirit of error, which was to come into the world. For the farther manifestation of which truth, if it hath pleased God to discover any thing by me; it is, because he is sometimes pleased to shew his strength in weaknesse, and to chuse things that are weake, and things that are despised, to bring to nought things that are mighty. To him therefore, who is the onely wise God, and Page  214 who will in due time discover all necessary truths to his Church, be all Glory and Praise for ever. AMEN.