CHAP. 7. A farther confirmation of the solid and square mea∣sures above mentioned, shewing that the like measures are used in other places of Scripture.
THere remaineth one thing yet for the farther clearing of these measures, and that is to shew, that in other places of the holy Scriptures, the like phrases and mea∣sures are used by the holy Ghost. And first for the solid measure, J see not how it can be an∣swered or avoided but that the same measure and phrase is used in the 7 chapter of the first Page 33 book of Kings, where the stones with which the wall of the Court was built, are said to be stones of 8 cubits, and stones of 10 cubits. It is certaine that these stones were squared stones, cut (as it is said in the text) according to the measures of hewed stones. And it is certain also that the cubit was about two foot and an halfe long. If therefore 10 cubits be the measure of the length, or of the breadth, or of the thicknes of one of these stones: it must be granted that one of these stones, if he were every way square was 25 foot long, and 25 foot broad, and 25 foot high, & therefore did containe 15625 solid foot of stone, which is above 240 waine loads. But it is incredible and against reason, and the truth of the story, that these stones were so exceeding great. And it must also follow, that the wall which was built with 3 rowes of such stones, was 20 foot thick and more, and 60 foot high and upward, all which is so farre from the truth of the story, and so disagreeing to reason, that there is no man (as I am perswaded) so vainely credulous, as to beleeve it. It remaineth there∣fore that this measure is to be understood of so∣lid measure, by which measure stone and tim∣ber are commonly and usually measured. Ac∣cording to which measure, a squared stone of 8 Page 34 cubits, is but two cubits long, and two cubits broad and two cubits in height: and 3 ranks of such stones, with one ranke of Cedar beames, will make a wall of such a probable and conve∣nient height and thicknesse as was requisite for the walls which are mentioned in the first book of Kings cap. 6. and the 36 verse, and in the 10, 11, and 12 verse of the chapter next fol∣lowing. I say therefore that as in this place of Scripture the measure of 8 or 10 cubits must in all probability be understood of solid measure▪ so likewise the measure of 12000 furlongs, mentioned in the 21 chap. of the Revelation, may be understood after the same manner, espe∣cially being the phrase is not unlike, and that as in the one place, 8 or 10 cubits are said to be the measure of the stone it selfe, and not of the length or breadth, or thicknesse▪ or compasse of it▪ so also in the other place, 12000 furlongs are said to be the measure of the City it selfe; and not of the length or breadth, or thicknes, or compasse of it.
As concerning square and superficiall mea∣sure invented and used by men, it is evident that the holy Ghost in the Scriptures vouchsafeth to allude unto this also, and as it were directly and plainly to point at it. And this may in some sort Page 35 appeare out of the 43 chap. and 16 V. of Ezekiel, but most evidently out of the 20 V. of the last chap. of Ezekiel, where it said, all the oblation shall be 25 thousand by 25 thousand, &c. Concerning which place of Scripture, I will here set down the words of Haffenrefferus in his Commenta∣ries upon Ezekiel, pag. 102, and 103. where he saith as followeth; Notanda est phrasis geometri∣ca quam demonstrator Prophetae ex mediis Mathe∣maticorum scholis huic suae descriptioni adhibuit, & Spiritus Sanctus phrasi Geometricâ ex media schola Mathematicorum desumptâ expressè loquitur, [Area 25000 Cubitorum Per 25000 Cubito∣rum quadrata,] quae res & Mathematicas discipli∣nas commendat, & quod Theologiae studiosus earun∣dem non prorsus ignarus esse debeat non obscurè de∣monstrat, that is, the Geometricall phrase is to be noted, which is taken out of the midst of the Schooles of the Mathematitians, andin this de∣scription used by him that shewed this vision to the Prophet; and the holy Ghost speaketh expresly by such a Geometricall phrase as is ta∣ken out of the midst of the Mathematick Schooles, [an Area of 25000 Cubits, squared by 25 thousand Cubits] which as it doth much com∣mend the Mathematicall sciences, so doth it not obscurely intimate, that a student in divini∣tie Page 36 ought not to be altogether ignorant of them. If in this place of Ezekiel, the holy Ghost useth a circumlocution, that he might by a geometri∣call phrase, and by a number multiplied by it selfe, expresse and intimate the square and plain measure of a peece of ground; why may he not then in another place set downe the square measure it selfe, by one number, without any circumlocution at all? If in the first place the sides of a square number be given, and yet the square number be not expressed, but left to be found by him that will multiply the sides into themselves, as S. Hierome hath done on this place, why may not then the square number it selfe be given in another place of Scripture, and yet the sides of it be left unexpressed, to be found out by him that will extract the roote of it? As therefore it was needlesse that the square number it selfe should be expressed to Ezekiel▪ because by multiplying 25000 by it selfe we may certainly know that the square measure of the holy oblation was 625 Millions of square cubits, or 667 miles as S Hierome counteth it: so it was needlesse that the lineall measures of the wall should be expressed by the Angell to S. Iohn, because by extracting the square roote of 144, we may certainely Page 37 know that the lineall measure of the wall, ac∣cording to its thicknesse and height was pre∣cisely 12 cubits.