Their Weights and Measures.
AS for their Weights and Measures, they are of two sorts, the one is the King's, and the other that of Tebris; the King's Weight or Measure is double to that of Tebris, though the last be much more us'd. First there is a Weight call'd Patman, which according to the Measure of Tebris, weighs compleat nine Venetian Pounds. This Patman is divided into nine Ceha∣reck, or four Quarters, the Quarters into Siahs, the Siahs into Mithicali. But Manchia is a Weight about ten Pound and a half.
Texeira also makes mention of a Weight call'd Man or Men (perhaps one and the same with Pat∣man,) which the Portuguese in the East-Indies call Mano; but the value and weight thereof is distinct, according to the several Countreys, and is by Za∣charia,Page 64King of Chorazan, who made a great Book of the Weights and Measures of Persia, call'd Mim. Davity will have this Mano to be the Bat∣man which Vincent Della Alexandri makes mention of in his Relation of Persia, and that ten of them make forty Venetian Pounds, each Pound being twelve Ounces, so that one Batman should make four such Pounds. Others will have three sorts of Man, viz. a Man which contains seven Pound Dutch, a Man Cha of twelve Pound, and a Man Sarat of thirty Pound.
Olearius tells us, that they weigh their Goods all with Batmans, which according to the several Places are different: A Batman of Tebris contains six Pound; a Schach's, or King's Batman, which is most us'd in Kilan, is twelve Pound; a Schamachies, or Carabachs Batman, is sixteen Pound.
*The distance of Places from one to another through all the parts of Persia, is reckon'd by Miles, which they call Ferseng, deriv'd from the old Name Parasanga, of which Herodotus, Xeno∣phon, and others make mention. The length of a Furlong is (according to Della Valle) about one Spa∣nish, or four Italian Miles; as also in the time of Herodotus, who affirms, that a Parasanga compris'd thirty Furlongs, of which (according to Strabo's Account) eight make an Italian Mile.
In the Turkish Language, which is spoken through the whole Countrey, the Miles are call'd Agag, that is, Trees.