Of the several Religions profest in Asia.
OF the four Religions profest in this Quarter of the World, viz. The Jewish, the Mahumetan, the Pagan, and the Christian, the last is here of the smallest extent, and the Mahumetan of the greatest: But here it was that they were all first planted, Idolatry, or the Pagan Religion, was first broach'd among the Syrians: Judaism, among the Hebrews: Christianity began in Palestine, or the Holy Land: Mahumetanism in Arabia.
Several Missions have been appointed by Chri∣stian Princes for the Propagating of the Christian Religion: that is to say; Those of Turkie, under the Protection of France; Those of India, under the Protection of Portugal; Those of the Philip∣pines, under the Protection of Castile. In the East-Indies are four Archbishopricks, and seven Bishopricks: There also the Jesuits have three Provinces; that of Goa, that of Malabar, and that of Japan. From France the Bishops of He∣liopolis, Metellopolis, Beritus, and Coesarea were sent to propagate the Christian Religion in China.
Mahumetanism hath been receiv'd by the four Principal Nations of Asia, Turks, Arabians, Per∣sians,Page [unnumbered]and Tartars: The Turks are the most free, the Arabians the most superstitious, the Persians the most rational, and the Tartars the most sim∣ple.
Of the Mahumetans there have been reckon'd sixty two Sects, which nevertheless are reduc'd to two Principal ones; that of the Turks, which follows the Doctrine of Homar; and that of the Persians, following the Doctrine of Ali. The Persians have their Patriarch at Ispahan, the Turks theirs at Bagdat.
The Christians of these Parts are principally those of the Greek Church, who have also their two Patriarchs, the one at Antioch, the other at Jerusalem. The other Chief Sects are, the Ja∣cobites, who have a Patriarch at Caramit; the Nestorians, the Cophites, the Georgians, the Siri∣ans, so call'd from Sirus their first Teacher, not from the Country of Syria; the Armenians, who have their two Patriarchs, the one at Massivan in Media, the other at Ciz in Cilicia; and lastly, the Maronites, who have theirs at Canobin in Mount Libanus.