The Province of Penjab or Pangab.
*THe next is the Province of Penjab or Pan∣gab, which in the Persian Tongue signi∣fies Five Waters, for its Situation be∣tween five Streams, viz. the Ravy, Behat, Obcan, Wiby, and Sinde or Sindar, all which discharge their Waters into the Indus, and make a great Lake somewhat Southward from Lahor.
*The chief City of this Territory (according to Terry) is Lahor; but others affirm Lahor to be the Metropolis of Multan. The City being very large and ancient, is one of the most eminent Towns in all India, and is no way inferior either in bigness or beauty to Agra: It lies in 35 Degrees and 50 Minutes Northern Elevation, and hath large and well pav'd Streets.
The Air in and about Lahor is very healthful.* There are also many remarkable Structures in the same, as the Palace, Mosques, Hamans or Baths, Tanks or Springs, Gardens, and many other de∣lightful Places.
It is a spacious and fruitful Territory, and the most pleasant Spot of Ground in all India, and is that part of it which (according to Della Valle) was in the time of Alexander the Great Govern'd by King Porus.
There is a Castle, which being very large, strong, and artificially built in a delightful place, of white hard polish'd Stones, hath twelve Gates, three whereof respect the City, and the other nine lead into several parts of the Countrey. Within this Castle is a stately Palace, into which you en∣ter through two Gates and two base Courts, and after you have pass'd through the last, you come to two parting Ways, the one leading to the Dur∣bar or Joreo, where the King appears daily before the People, and the other to the Diwanchane, which is a great Hall, wherein he spends part of the Night, viz. from eight of the Clock till eleven, with his Omrahs.
On the Walls of this Castle are Engraven the Images of Kings, Princes, and other Great Men, as Schach Selim, the great Mogol Ecbar's Son, sitting on a rich Carpet, under a costly Throne, with his Son and his Brothers d' Han Schach, or Daniel, and Schach Morat on his right Hand, and opposite to him, Emorza Sherif, eldest Brother to Chan Asorn, With many other Persons of note.
The River Rawy, which springs out of Mount Caximir, and runs through the same with several Rivulets, having finish'd a Course of three hun∣dred Miles, along a deep Navigable Channel, discharges its Water into the Indus near the City Tatta, not far from Diul: It lies in 23 Degrees and 15 Minutes Northern Latitude.