Of the Name and Title of Mogol.
*THey give their King the Name of Mogol, because he is extracted out of a Tribe or Family of the Giagatian Tartars (for there are many Tribes of Tartars which is pro∣perly call'd Mogol, and belongs to the City Sa∣marcand, in the Province Giagata or Zagatai, other∣wise Usbeck, which is the ancient Sogdiane, and in the Persian Maps call'd Soghd. For this reason many of his Subjects, and especially the Mahume∣tan Soldiers which are in his Service, though Na∣tive Indians, call themselves Mogols, or Mogolleans, because they are deriv'd out of Tartary.
*Terry tells us, That the Name or Title of Mo∣gol signifies Circumcised, as he himself is, and all the Mahumetans; and from hence he is call'd the Great Mogol, as being the Chief of the Circum∣cis'd. Some also call him the Emperor of the Ganges.
The Provinces and Countreys between the Bay of Cambaya and that of Bengala, as Telengone or the Kingdom of Visiapour, Decan, Golconda, and many other Territories, were not Govern'd in ancient Times by peculiar Princes, but by one Supreme Head, or by two at the most: viz. The Southern Parts were Govern'd by the King of Bisnagar; and the Northern, by the King of Sce∣herberder. Those that afterwards came to be the Chief Princes thereof, were formerly but mean Officers, who took the Dominion of their Su∣preme Lords upon them, and dividing the Coun∣trey amongst themselves, Govern'd as Absolute Princes over their several Territories, not owning any Person to be above them. Amongst all these Princes, the Chiefest were the Kings of Decan, Golconda, and Telengone, who lay nearest to the Mogol's Countrey, possess'd large Territories, and were able to bring great Armies into the Field; Adil Schiach, a King of Golconda, having an Army of a hundred thousand Men.
The King of Persia was generally in a League with all the three, and they often corresponded by Ambassadors and Presents, and were always in Amity one with another; which Leagues they maintain'd onely to be the better able to resist the Mogol, whose Power they dreaded exceedingly.
*These three Princes were formerly call'd Nizam Chan, Adil Chan, and Cutb Chan; for Chan among the Turks hath the same signification with Meleck, or Malack, which signifies King in the Arabick, after the same manner as Schach among the Persi∣ans. And in regard these three Languages are very common amongst the Moors, therefore they use these Words without distinction. But it seems that the then reigning Princes have since laid aside the Names of Meleck and Chan, and ta∣ken upon them that of Schach, that is, King, which they like best, as being newer, and better agree∣ing with their Authority; wherefore they have lately been call'd Nizam Schach, Cutb Schach, and Adil Schach. But at last all these peculiar Princes and Kings, besides many other Governors in India, were one after another reduc'd under the Mogol's Jurisdiction.