The compleat fencing-master in which is fully described the whole guards, parades & lessons belonging to the small-sword : as also the best rules for playing against either artists or ignorants with blunts or sharps : together with directions how to behave in a single combat on horse-back : illustrated with figures representing the most necessary postures
Hope, William, Sir.
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THE CONTENTS Of the SCOTS FENCING MASTER, OR COMPLEAT SMAL-SWORD-MAN.
- IN the Epistle to the Reader, Objection first against the Subject of the Book: The Answer, Page 9
- Second Objection Page 10
- The Answer. That it is an advantage for a Man to understand Fencing, Page 11
- Reason first, why Ignorants sometimes over∣come Artists, Page 12
- Reason second, Page 13
- Reason third, Page 14
- The first, second and third Objection against my self; Together with the Answer to the first Objection; Page 15
- The design of puting out this Treatise, Page 15 and 16
- Answer to the second Objection, Page 19
- Answer to the third Objection, Page 21
- Advertisement to both Right and Left-handed Men, Page 22, 23, and 24
- THe Division of the Sword, Page 2, 3
- All the Terms of Art belonging to the Smal—Sword, explain∣ed, Page 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.
CHAP. I. Of Holding the Sword.
- HOw a Man is to hold his Sword, Page 11, 12
- The Reasons why a Man should not hold his Sword too loosly in his hand, Page 13
- That an Ignorants beating of the Flu∣ret out of an Artists hand, is no re∣flection upon this Art. Page 14
CHAP. II. Of keeping a Guard.
- HOw many Guards there are. Page 15 Page [unnumbered]
- How to keep the Quart Guard with a streight point. pag. 16
- The best way in my opinion of keeping the Quart Guard with a streight Point, as also the Reasons why I think it the best. pag. 17, 18, and 19.
CHAP. III. Of the Lessons Defensive, or Parades.
- HOw many Parades there are. pag. 20, and 21.
- Why the Parades, are called the Quart, and Terce Parades. pag. 22
- How the First Parade in Quart is to be done, pag. 23
- How a Man is to perceive the coming in of a Thrust, pag. 23, and 24.
- The best way in my opinion of doing the First Parade in Quart, as also the Reasons why I think it so. pag. 24, and 25.
- The Advantage that a man hath in not let∣ing his swords-point go too far aside when he Parieth. pag. 26
- The disadvantage that a Man hath in mak∣ing too great a Motion with his Arm when be Parieth. pag. 27
- How the second Parade in Quart with Page [unnumbered]a sloping point is to be done pag. 28
- The danger that a Man is in, in not Pa∣rieing with the Fort of his Sword pag. 28
- The advantage of Quarting the Head well. pag. 29
- How the First Parade in Terce is to be done. pag. 29
- The best way in my opinion of doing the First Parade in Terce pag. 30
- How the Second Parade in Terce with a sloping point is to be done, pag. 30
- How a man is to Parie with the Second Parade in Terce, when his Adversarie Thrusteth without and above his Sword, pag. 31
- How the Contre-Caveating-Parade, is to be done. pag. 32
- The Advantage the Contre-Caveating-Parade hath of any other. pag. 33, and 34.
CHAP IV. Of the Lessons Offensive. Lesson I. Of Approaching or Advancing.
- HOw many wayes there are of Approaching, pag. 35 Page [unnumbered]
- How a Man is to approach with the single stepp Page 35, and 36.
- The use of the single and Double Stepps. Page 36, and 37.
- How a man is to Approach with the Double step. Page 37
Lesson 2 Of Retiring.
- How many wayes there are of Retiring. Page 38
- How a man is to Retire with the Single-Stepp. Page 38
- How a man is to Retire with the Double-Stepp. Page 38
- How a man is to Retire by Jumping, Page 39
Lesson 3. Of Giving in a Thrust.
- HOw a man is to Give in a Thrust Page 39, 40, and 41,
- The Advantage that a man hath in Giving in a Thrust according to Art. Page 42, and 43.
Lesson 4. Of Caveating, or Dis-ingageing.
- HOw a man is to Dis-ingage, or slipp his Adversaries sword. pag. 44, and 45.
Lesson 5. Of Feinting, or Falsifying.
- HOw many kinds of Feints there are. pag. 46
- How a man is to play the ordinary single Feint being within di∣stance, pag. 46, and 47
- That a man should alwayes give a Beat with his Foot at every Feint he maketh, ex∣cept when he is playing against Great Artists, pag. 47, and 48.
- How the Ordinarie single Feint is to be played being without Distance, pag. 49.
Lesson 6. Of the ordinary Double Feint.
- THe difference betwixt all Single andPage [unnumbered]Double Feints explained, pag. 49, and 50.
- How a man is to play the Ordinary double Feint being within Distance, pag. 50, and 51.
- How it is to be played being without Di∣stance. pag. 51
- The Parade and Contraries against the Ordinary Single and Double Feints pag. 51, and 52.
- That the making use of the Left-Hand for a Parade is very necessary. pag. 52, and 53.
Lesson 7. Of the Single Feint at the Head.
- HOw a man is to play the Single Feint at the Head. pag. 54, and 55.
- The Parade and Contraries to the Single Feint at the Head. pag. 56
Lesson 8. Of the Double Feint at the Head.
- HOw the Double Feint at the Head is to be played. pag. 57, and 58.
- The Parade of the Double Feint at the Head, pag. 58
Lesson 9. Of the Feint at the Head upon the true Parade.
- HOw the Feint at the Head upon the true Parade is to be played, pag. 59
- The Parade of the Feint at the Head upon the true Parade. pag. 60
Lesson 10. Of the Low Feint.
- HOw the Single Low Feint is to be played. pag. 60
- How the Double Low Feint is to be played. pag. 61
- The Parade of the Low Feint. pag. 61
- The Contraries to the Low Feint. pag. 61
Lesson 11. Of Batery.
- THe Reason why we have not English Names to all the Lessons, pag. 61, and 62.
- How the Single Batery is to be played pag. 62, and 63. Page [unnumbered]
- How the Double Batery is to be played. Page 63, and 64.
- The Parade and Contrarie to Batery. Page 64
Lesson 12. Of Volt-coupe.
- How the Single Volt-coupe is to he played, pag. 65
- How the Double Volt-coupe is to be played. pag. 65
- The Parade and Contraty to Volt∣coupe. pag. 66
Lesson 13. Of Binding.
- How a man is to Bind or Secure his Ad∣versaries sword; Page 67
- The Parade against Binding, Page 68
- The Contrarie to Binding: Page 68
- The playing by Feeling explained. Page 68
- The Contrary to the Caveating, or Slip∣ping, of the Sword. Page 69
Lesson 14. Of Flancanade.
- HOw Flancanade is to be played pag. 70, and 71.
- The Parade and Contrarie to Flan∣canade. pag. 71
- The Contraries to the Parade, and slip∣ping, of Flancanade. pag. 71
Lesson 15. Of Under-Counter.
- HOw Under. Counter is to be played, pag. 72
- The Contraries to Under-Counter. pag. 72
- The Contraries to the Parade, and slip∣ping, of Under-Counter. pag. 73
Lesson 16. Of Beating.
- HOw a man is to Beat his Adversaries sword with one or both-Hands pag. 74, & 75 Page [unnumbered]
- The usefulness of Beating, pag. 75
- The Occasions upon which a man may make use of Beating; pag. 76, and 77.
- Two other wayes of Beating the sword out of a mans hand. pag. 77, and 78.
- The Contraries to Beating. pag. 78
Lesson 17. Of Passing.
- WHat is Properly called a Pass, pag. 79
- How a man is to Pass; pag. 79
- The Occasions upon which a man may Pass. pag. 81
- The Contraries to Passing. pag. 81
Lesson. 18. Of Inclosing, or Commanding
- TWo wayes of inclosing explained, pag. 82
- How the First kinde of inclosing, as it were with Half a Pass, is to be done. pag. 82
- The several wayes that a man is to take for to Inclose with Half a Pass; pag. 83, and 84.
- The Contraries, to the First, Second and Third wayes of inclosing with Half Page [unnumbered]a pass. pag. 85
- The Contraries to the Fourth way of in∣closing with Half a pass. pag. 85
- The several Occasions in which a man may use the Second kinde of Command∣ing. pag. 86, and 87.
- How to Prevent the First occasion for inclosing. pag. 88
- How to Prevent the Second occasion for Inclosing. pag. 88, and 89.
- The Taking of right time explained. pag. 90
- The Occasions in which a man is said to Take the right time. pag. 90, and 91
- How to Prevent the Third occasion for Inclosing, pag. 92
- How to Prevent the Fourth occasion for Inclosing. pag. 92, and, 93
- The Contrarie to the Preventing of the Fourth occasion by Turning, pag. 93, and 94
- How to Prevent the Fifth occasion for Inclosing: pag. 94
Lesson 19. Of Breaking of Measure.
- HOw a man is to Judge his Adversaries Distance or Measure, pag. 95, and 96. Page [unnumbered]
- How a man is to Break his Adversaries Measure. pag. 96, and 97.
Lesson 20. Of Redoubling of Thrusts.
- HOw a man is to Redouble his Thrust, which is the Contrary to the Break∣ing of Measure. pag. 98, and 99.
Lesson 21. Of Raising or Gathering up of the Sword.
- HOw a man is to Raise, or Gather up his Adversaries Sword, when the point of it is sloping towards the Ground. pag. 99, and 100.
- The Contrary to the Gathering up of the Sword. pag. 100.
Lesson 22. Of Quarting and Volting.
- HOw a man is either to Quart, Volt, or Quart and Volt, immediatly after Page [unnumbered]other, as also the Times in which a man may use them. pag. 101, and 102.
- he Contrary to Quarting and Volting. pag. 103.
CHAP. V. Now the several Guards are to be kept, pursued, and Defended.
- First, HOw the Quart Guard with a streight point is to be Pur∣sued. pag. 105, and 106.
- How a man is to Defend himself upon the Quart Guard with a streight point. pag. 107
- Secondly, How the Quart Guard with a sloping point is to he Kept. pag. 108.
- How the Quart Guard with a sloping point is to be Pursued and Defended. pag. 109.
- Thirdly, How the Terce Guard with the point higher then the Hilt, is to be Kept. pag. 110.
- How the Terce Guard with the point higher then the Hilt, is to be Pur∣sued and Defended. pag. 110, 111, and 112.
- Fourthly, How the Terce Guard with the point lower then the Hilt is to be Kept, Pursued, and Defended. pag. 112, and 113.
- Fifthly, How the Fifth kind of Guard isPage [unnumbered]〈◊〉 Kept, Pursued, and Defended, pag. 113, 114, and 115.
- Which of the Guards a man should make choise of as the Best and Safest pag. 115, 116, and 117.
- That the Small-Sword hath the Advantage of the Broad, and the reasons for it pag. 117, 118, 119, and 120.
Directions for fighting upon Horse-Back, with Pistols.
- How a man is to make use of his Pistols upon Horse-back. pag. 122, 123, 124, 155, and 126.
Directions for the Sheering sword, upon Horse-Back:
- How a man is to make use of the Sheering-Sword, upon Horse-back. from Page 126, to 130
- That a Managed-Horse, is but of little ad∣vantage in a single Combat upon Horse∣back with Swords only, Page 131, and 132.
- Wherein the advantage of having a Manag∣ed-Horse consisteth. Page 133, and 134.
- How a man is to make use of the Smal-Sword, upon Horse-Back. Page 134, and 135.
CHAP. VI. General Rules to be observed vvhen a Man is playing either vvith Blunts, or Sharps, against those vvho understand this Art, or against those vvho are altogether Ignorant of it.
- RUles to be observed in playing with Blunts, against those who understand this Art. pag. from 137, to 142.
- R•les to be observed in playing with Sharps, against those who understand this art. from pag. 142, to 145.
- T•o Humours of Ignorants described, pag. 146.
- A• advice to Ignorants. pag. 147
- R•les to be observed 〈◊〉 playing with either Blunts, or Sharps, against the First or Foreward Humour of Ignorants. pag. 148
- Reasons demonstrating the usefulness of Breaking of Measure. from pag. 149, to 157.
- How a man is to behave against the Second Humour of Ignorants. pag. 157, and 158.
- How a man is to Defend himself with a Smal-Sword, against a Broad. pag. 158, & 159, Page [unnumbered]
- The Posture which a man is to stand to with a Smal-Sword against a Broad. pag. 159
- How to know when a Sword is well Mounted. pag. 161
- An Advice not altogether so unnecessary as some People may imagine pag. 162
- The Postscript to the Reader from Page 164, to the end.