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Author: Du Moulin, Pierre, 1568-1658.
Title: The novelty of popery, opposed to the antiquity of true Christianity against the book of Cardinal Du Perron, entituled, A reply to the answer of the most serene James, King of Great Britain / by Peter Du Moulin ... ; translated out of the French by the authors eldest son Peter Du Moulin ...
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Print source: The novelty of popery, opposed to the antiquity of true Christianity against the book of Cardinal Du Perron, entituled, A reply to the answer of the most serene James, King of Great Britain / by Peter Du Moulin ... ; translated out of the French by the authors eldest son Peter Du Moulin ...
Du Moulin, Pierre, 1568-1658., Du Moulin, Peter, 1601-1684.

London: Printed by Robert White ..., 1662.
Alternate titles: Nouveauté de papisme opposée à l'antiquité du vray christianisme. English
Subject terms:
Du Perron, Jacques Davy, 1556-1618. -- Replique à la résponse dv serenissime roy de la Grand Bretagne.
Du Moulin, Pierre, 1568-1658.
Catholic Church -- Controversial literature.

title page
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TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS The most Illustrious and Magnanimous Prince IAMES Duke of York and Albany, Lord High Admi∣ral of England and Ireland, Constable of Do∣ver-Castle, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Governour of Portsmouth, &c.
We have set a Marble Stone upon his Grave, with this Inscription.
OPTIMO PARENTI sic Parentabat moerens FILIƲS.
EPIGRAMMA Subjiciendum nostri Authoris imagini aeri incisae.
To the Kings most Excellent Majesty, CHARLES By the grace of God King of Great Britain and Ireland, &c. Defender of the Faith.
THE PREFACE. Occasion of Cardinal du Perron's Book. Answer to the two Prefaces, which he premiseth be∣fore his Book. Iudgement of the Book, Wit, and Capacity of the said Cardinal.
A Pattern of Falsifications and depravations of passages alledged by the L. Cardinal Du Per∣ron, in his Book against the King of Great Britain.
The Confession of three POPES.
BOOK I. OF THE ANSWER TO Cardinal du Perron, TREATING Of the Church, and of her Marks, of the Authority of the Holy Scripture, and of Traditions.
CHAP. 1. Of the Nature of the Question of the Church.
CHAP. 2. Of the word Church, and of the several significations thereof.
CHAP. 3. That there is a Church of Elect or Predestinate persons.
CHAP. 4. Reasons of the Adversaries against the Church of the Elect.
CHAP. 5. Reasons of Cardinal du Perron against the Church of the Elect in the ninth Chapter of his Book.
CHAP. 6. Whether the Societies of Hereticks, and Schismaticks, or Idolatrous Chri∣stians, must be called Churches. Answer to the Cardinal.
CHAP. 7. How this Proposition must be understood: That out of the Church there is no Salvation.
CHAP. 8. Whether the True Church be alwayes in Sight? State of the Question.
CHAP. 9. That the Church to which we must join, that we may be saved, is not al∣wayes eminent and exposed to every ones sight. Answer to the Cardinal.
CHAP. 10. Places of the Fathers upon that Subject.
CHAP. 11. Testimonies and Reasons of the Adversaries for the perpetual Visibility of the Church.
CHAP. 12. Answer to that Question made to us; Shew us where your Church was be∣fore Luther, remounting from Luther to the Apostles?
CHAP. 13. Whether the Church can Err?
CHAP. 14. That the Roman Church hath erred, and erreth.
CHAP. 15. OF THE ANTIQUITY OF THE ROMAN CHURCH. A Treatise wherein it is shewed that the Ceremonies of the Roman Church are descended from the antient Hereticks, and that the Pagans and the Jews have contributed towards them.
I. Of Traditions and the unwritten Word.
II. Of the Images of God.
III. Of the Images of Jesus Christ and the Saints.
IV. Of the Service of Angels, and of their mediation with God.
V. Of the adoration of the blessed Virgin Mary, and of the title of Queen of Heaven attributed to her in the Roman Church.
VI. Of the Adoration of Inanimate things.
VII. That the Papists imitate the Pharisees and Jews in many things.
VIII. Of the Fulfilling of the Law, and of the Perfection of Justice.
IX. Of Semipelagianism.
X. Of the Limbus of little Children.
XI. Of Swearing by the Creatures.
XII. Of Perjury.
XIII. Of Believing without Knowing.
XIV. Of forbidding the people to read Scripture.
XV. Of Purgatory and Satisfaction after this life.
XVI. Of Prayer and Service in an Ʋnknown Tongue.
XVII. Of distinction of Meats.
XVIII. Of overthrowing the humane nature of Christ.
XIX. Of Baptism conferred by women.
XX. Of the Baptism of inanimate things.
XXI. Of Transubstantiation.
XXII. Of Communion under one kind.
XXIII. Of the Titles and Honours which the Pope usurpeth.
XXIV. Of the dissolution of Marriages.
XXV. Of the Titles and Offices given to the Saints.
XXVI. Of the Equipage or setting forth of Saints Images and Adornments.
XXVII. Of Relicts applyed to women with child.
XXVIII. Of Ʋnshod Monks.
XXIX. Of Mendicant Fryers.
XXX. Divers customs of Paganism borrowed by the Papism.
XXXI. Confession of our Adversaries.
CHAP. 16. Reasons why Cardinal du Perron, making little account of the three first ages, confines himself to the time of the four first Councils. And that he sets down unjust rules, and such as himself observeth not.
CHAP. 17. Of the authority of the Church, And whether she must have more authority with us then the holy Scripture. Opinion of the parties.
CHAP. 18. Proofs that the Word of God contained in the holy Scriptures, is above the Church, and ought to be of greater authority with us then the Church.
CHAP. 19. Reasons of our Adversaries to the contrary.
CHAP. 20. Examination of the places of the Ancients which M. du Perron objecteth to this purpose.
CHAP. 21. Of the Authority of the Church to interpret Scripture infallibly.
CHAP. XXII. Seven differences between our Interpretations of Scripture, and those of the Roman Church.
CHAP. XXIII. Examination of the Reasons which Cardinal du Perron brings in the fifth chapter, for the authority of the Church, to interpret Scripture in∣fallibly.
CHAP. 24. Of the authority of the Church, to alter that which God commandeth in Scri∣pture. Confutation of the Cardinal.
CHAP. 25. Which and of what nature must the marks of the Church be.
CHAP. 26. Of the true Mark to discern the true Church.
CHAP. 27. Testimonies of the Fathers. Confutation of the Cardinals answer.
CHAP. 28. Reasons of the Cardinal and others, to prove that the true Doctrine and conformity to the word of God, is no mark of the true Church.
CHAP. 29. That the word Catholick cannot be a mark of the true Church.
CHAP. 30. Of the word Catholick, and in what sense the Church is called Catholick by the Ancients. That Cardinal du Perron hath not at all understood what Catholick signifieth, nor the sense of Vincentius Lirinensis.
CHAP. 31. Of holiness in doctrine.
CHAP. 32. Of the succession of chairs. Whether it be a mark of the true Church? And what that succession is, of which the Fathers speak.
CHAP. 33. What the Succession was, and what the calling of those who in our Fathers time took in hand the Reformation of Popery.
CHAP. 34. That in the time of Jesus Christ and his Apostles, and in the ages next to the Apostles, many have preached the Word of God in the Church, without succession and without ordinary Calling.
CHAP. 35. A difference to be observed, between the office of Pastor of the Church, and the means to enter into it.
CHAP. 36. That the Popes have a false title, and without any Word of God, to the suc∣cession of St. Peter, in the charge of head of the Universal Church, and that such a charge is not grounded in Gods ordinance.
CHAP. 37. Of the succession of Popes and Cardinals. By what ways the Popedom useth to be obtained. Of Schisms: And that the Popes have no lawful succession.
CHAP. 38. Of the wayes whereby Cardinals and other Prelates come to their Charges.
CHAP. 39. Of the perpetual Duration, which M. du Perron calleth Indefectibility.
CHAP. 40. Of the multitude and great number; and that the multitude is not a mark of the true Church.
CHAP. 41. Examination of the proofs which M. du Perron brings to prove that the true Church had alwayes the greatest number.
CHAP. 42. Of Miracles.
CHAP. 43. Of Union in the visible Church.
CHAP. 44. Whether the Universal Church must be called Roman.
CHAP. 45. Of Antiquity, whether it be a mark of the true Church.
CHAP. 46. Of the Fathers and Antient Doctors, and of their Authority.
CHAP. 47. That our Adversaries condemn the Fathers, and by consequent cannot have them for Judges.
CHAP. 48. That the Roman Church opposeth her self to the consent of antient Doctors.
CHAP. 49. Doctrines in which the Roman Church rejecteth every Father in par∣ticular.
Justin and Clement.
Clement Alexandrin
Clemens I. Romanus.
Gregorius Nazianzenus.
Johannes Chrysostomus.
Gregorius Nyssenus.
CHAP. 50. How far the Ancient Church was from the belief which is now received in the Roman Church. Observations upon the eighteenth Chapter of the Book of Cardinal du Perron.
CHAP. 51. Of the pretended power and authority of the Church to add unto Scripture. And of the unwritten Traditions. And why the Pope not only equalleth them unto, but preferreth them before the holy Scripture.
CHAP. 52. That the holy Scripture contains the whole doctrine necessary to salvation. Examination of the Cardinals answers.
CHAP. 53. Testimonies of Fathers of the sufficiency of Scripture against unwritten Traditions.
CHHP. 54. The Cardinals reasons for Traditions against the perfection of Scripture. And first of the Traditions which he calls Mosaical and Patriarchal.
CHAP. 55. Texts of the New Testament which Cardinal du Perron brings for the Traditions not contained in the Scripture.
CHAP. 56. Doctrines held in the Christian Church, which the Cardinal saith are not contained in Scripture.
CHAP. 57. Of the Traditions which the Fathers allow.
CHAP. 58. Of the prohibition of reading holy Scripture. Shifts of Cardinal du Perron.
CHAP. 59. Defence of the purity and truth of Scripture against the Cardinals accusati∣ons and falsifications.
CHAP. 60. Of Canonical and Apocryphal books. Proofs by Gods word that Tobit, Judith, the Maccabes, &c. are not Canonical.
CHAP. 61. Untruths and errors in the books called the Apocrypha.
Of the book of Tobith.
The book of Judith.
The book called the Wisdom of Solomon.
Of the book of Ecclesiasticus.
The book of Susanna.
The History of Bel and the Dragon.
The rest of the book of Esther.
Of the books of Maccabees.
CHAP. 62. That the Cardinal attributes weak objections to us, and defends that which we do not impugne.
CHAP. 63. That we reject not the Apocrypha because they are contrary to us; And that they are rather favourable to us.
CHAP. 64. Belief of the Ancient Greek Church about the Canonical Books.
CHAP. LXV. Belief of the Fathers of the Latine or Western Church about the Canoni∣cal books. And that the Cardinal doth not truly represent it.
CHAP. 66. Confutation of the Cardinals shifts.
CHAP. 67. Of the opinion of St. Austin concerning the Canonical books. And of the Canon of the third Council of Carthage, upon which the Cardinal grounds himself.
CHAP. 68. Of the Canon of the holy Scriptures defined by Pope Innocent the I. And of the Decretal Epistle of that Innocent to Exuperius.
CHAP. 69. That the Popes have put their Canons and Decrees not only in the same rank as Canonical Scriptures, but above.
BOOK II. Wherein is TREATED OF St. Peters Primacy, And of his Abode at ROME.
CHAP. 1. That the Government of the Universal Church cannot, and must not be Monarchical.
State of the Question.
CHAP. II. That St. Peter had no jurisdiction over the other Apostles, and was not Mo∣narch of the Universal Church.
Answer to the Lord Cardinal.
CHAP. 3. Testimonies of Fathers upon this subject. An excellent place of St. Am∣brose falsified by the Cardinal: And a text of the Apostle falsified likewise.
CHAP. 4. Examination of the text of Matth. 16.18. Thou art Peter and upon this rock, &c.
Shifts of the Cardinal.
CHAP. 5. Six reasons of the Cardinal to prove that by this Stone the Person of Pe∣ter is understood.
CHAP. 6. Other proofs brought by the Cardinal out of Scripture.
CAHP. VII. Of Cyprians opinion about Peters primacy, and that the Cardinal hath not understood it. And how all the Apostles have been heads of the Uni∣versal Church.
CHAP. VIII. Of St. Peters being at Rome. Examination of the Cardinals reasons.
CHAP. 9. Falsifications of the Cardinal about this matter in his fifty sixth Chapter.
Advertisement to the Reader.
BOOK III. Which is the FIRST PART OF THE HISTORY of PAPACY: WHEREIN So much of the History of the Antient Christian Church is deduced from the begin∣ning, unto the year 300. of Christ, as will prove that then the Bishop of Rome was not acknowledged Head of the Universal Church.
CHAP. I. That in the first Age the Bishop of Rome was not acknowledged Head of the Universal Church.
CHAP. II. That the Bishop of Rome in the second Age was not acknowledged Head of the Universal Church. Vindication of Eusebius Bishop of Cesarea against the false accusations of Cardinal du Perron.
CHAP. III. That in the third Age the Bishops of Rome were not acknowledged Heads of the Universal Church.
CHAP. 4. That the Cardinal would not make use of the authority of the Decretals to prove the Popes primacy in the three first Ages. And of the authority of the said Decretals.
CHAP. 5. The first cause why M. du Perron would not make use of the Decretal Epistles of the Bishops of Rome of the three first Ages. Even, because in many pla∣ces they are contrary to the Roman Church of this time.
CHAP. 6. Other causes why the Cardinal would make no use of the Decretals of the three first Ages. Of the barbarousness of those Decretals, and how Scri∣pture is prophaned in them.
CHAP. 7. Evident untruths in the Decretals of the three first Ages. The gross igno∣rance in history of him that coined them.
CHAP. 8. That many of our Adversaries have acknowledged the untruth of these De∣cretals.
CHAP. 9. Of the Popes motives for causing these false Decretals to be forged, and when and by whom they were forged.
BOOK IV. PROVING By the HISTORY of the BISHOPS OF ROME FROM The year 300. of the Lord, till two years after the death of Constantine the Empe∣rour, which is the year of the Lord 340. That in that Age the Bishop of Rome was not ac∣knowledged Head of the Universal Church.
CHAP. I. Of the Idolatry of Marcellinus Bishop of Rome, and of the Council of Sinuessa.
CHAP. 2. Of the Judges given by Constantine to Cecilian, and to the Donatists. And of the Council of Arles.
CHAP. 3. Of the deliverance and establishment of the Church under Constantine.
CHAP. 4. Of Arius, and of Hosius sent to Alexandria. Of Sylvester, and of the Roman Council.
CHAP. 4. Of the diversity of the Churches in observing the day of Easter.
CHAP. 5. Of the Convocation of the Council of Nice. Answer to Cardinal du Perron.
CHAP. 6. That the Bishop of Rome did not preside in the Council of Nice. Confutation of the Cardnials assertion, that Hosius was Legat of the Roman Church in that Council.
CHAP. 7. Of the Canon of Nice, which sets limits to the Roman Bishoprick: and of the suburbicary Churches. Absurdity of the Cardinals inter∣pretation.
CHAP. 8. Of the Convocation of the Council of Tyre.
CHAP. 9. Death of Sylvester Bishop of Rome. How little his authority was.
CHAP. 10. Baptism and death of Constantine.
CHAP. 11. How poor and weak and few are the proofs which Cardinal du Perron brings out of the three first Ages, till the year of Christ 340. to defend the Popes primacy.
CHAP. 12. Shewing how our Adversaries being destitute of true proofs of the Popes Pri∣macy in the time that followed next to the three first Ages, have forged false Epistles and supposititious Decrees.
CHAP. 13. Of Constantines donation, and the untruth of it.
CHAP. 14. Of the Baptism of Constantine mentioned in the same Donation.
BOOK V. PROVING BY THE Ecclesiastical History From the year of our Lord 340. unto the year 400. That then first the Bishop of ROME would begin to exalt himself, but missed of his attempt, and what hinderances he met with.
CHAP. 1. Of the persecutions happened to Athanasius. And how Julius Bishop of Rome would make himself Judge of his cause. Of the convocating, sitting, and success of the Council of Sardica.
CHAP. 2. Three points which the Cardinal finds in this History to establish the Popes Primacy. And the falsifications which he accumulateth in this matter.
CHAP. 3. Of the Council of Sardica.
CHAP. 4. Of the Convocation of the Council of Sardica. How much the Cardinal is mistaken in it.
CHAP. 5. Of the Presidency in the Council of Sardica.
CHAP. 6. Of Liberius Bishop of Rome, and of the Schisme after his death.
CHAP. 7. Of the Fathers famous in that time, Hosius, Athanasius, Meletius, Gre∣gory Nazianzen.
CHAP. 8. Of Damasus Bishop of Rome, and of Basil Arch-bishop of Cesarea. Igno∣rance of the Cardinal in the Greek tongue.
CHAP. 9. Of Peter Bishop of Alexandria, and of his retreat to Rome, and of Gregory Nazianzen Patriarch of Constantinople.
CHAP. 10. Of the Convocating of the first Council of Constantinople, which is the second Universal Council. How the Cardinal hath falsified the Epistle of the Oriental Bishops to Damasus Bishop of Rome.
CHAP. 11. Of the invitation and request of Damasus Bishop of Rome, whereby he desired the Bishops assembled in Council at Constantinople to transport themselves to Rome, and come to the Council which Damasus held there; and of the small authority which the Council of Rome had in comparison of that of Constantinople. The Cardinals faults.
CHAP. 12. Remarkable passages in the Council of Constantinople.
CHAP. 13. Of Hierom, And of the title of Pontifex left by the Emperor Gratian.
CHAP. 14. Of the abolition of the Penitentiary Priest by Nectarius.
CHAP. 15. Of Epiphanius Bishop of Cyprus, and of John Chrysostom.
CHAP. 16. Of Ambrose Bishop of Milan; and that in his time the Church of Milan was not subject unto the Church of Rome. The Cardinals foul dealing in al∣ledging the Fathers.
CHAP. 17. Contention of Paulinus and Flavianus, Competitors of the Patriarchat of Antioch.
CHAP. 18. Observations upon the History of the four first Ages. And how the Cardinal hath found nothing in it for his purpose.
BOOK VI. PROVING BY THE PAPAL HISTORY From the year of our Lord 400. unto the Council of Chalcedon, which is the IV. Universal Council, held in the year 451. That in all that time the Bishop of ROME was not acknowledged the Head of the Universal Church.
CHAP. 1. A Narration of that which hapned to John Chrysostom Patriarch of Constantinople.
CHAP. 2. Of the power of the Patriarcks of this fifth Age.
CHAP. 3. Of the Milevitan Council, and of the prohibition there made to Appeal unto Rome. The Cardinals answers are examined.
CHAP. 4. Of the Schism happened at Rome, between Bonifacius and Eulalius.
CHAP. 5. Of the Council of Carthage, called the sixth. Of the Appeals from Africa to Rome. The remonstrances of the Bishops of Africa to the Bishop of Rome upon that subject. Confutation of the XL. Chapter of the first Book of the Cardinal.
CHAP. 6. Examination of the LII. Chapter of the first Book of Cardinal du Perron, about the above mentioned Epistle of the VI. Council of Africa, written by the Fathers of the Council to Celestinus Bishop of Rome, concerning the Appeals from Africa to Rome.
CHAP. 7. Notes upon the forty eighth and forty ninth Chapters of the first Book of Cardinal du Perron. His ignorance in Greek.
CHAP. 8. Of St. Austin Bishop of Bona in Africa. Whither he did acknowledge the Bishop of Rome Head of the Ʋniversal Church. And what was in his time the order and dignity of Patriarks, and Apostolick Sees.
CHAP. 9. Of the Epistles of the Bishops of Africa (of whom St. Austin was one) to Innocent the first Bishop of Rome. And that our Cardinal labours with∣out ground to draw them to his advantage.
CHAP. 10. A place examined of Austins, 162. Epistle.
CHAP. 11. Of Nestorius Patriark of Constantinople. Of the Convocation of the first Council of Ephesus, which was the third Universal: And that the Emperours by their own single Authority convocated the Councils.
CHAP. 12. Of the Convocation of the first Council of Ephesus. The Cardinals falsi∣fications.
CHAP. 13. That none but the Emperor could or ought to convocate an Universal Coun∣cil; and that the Bishop of Rome did not meddle with that.
CHAP. 14. Of the Patriarchs that were present in the first Council of Ephesus; and of the strife between Cyrillus Patriarch of Alexandria, and John Patri∣arch of Antioch.
CHAP. 15. Of the order of sitting in the first Council of Ephesus. And in what quality Cyrillus did preside in it. How M. du Perron corrupteth this History.
CHAP. 16. Some incidencies happened in the first Council of Ephesus, or by occasion of the same, conducing to this question.
CHAP. 17. Occasion of the second Council of Ephesus, and by whom it was Con∣vocated.
CHAP. 18. Of the things happened in the II. Council of Ephesus, and who presided in it.
CHAP. 19. Of the Appeal of Flavianus, and of Theodoret Bishop of Cyr, to Leo Bishop of Rome. And of the Appeals in general. That the Cardinal did not under∣stand the nature of those Appeals.
CHAP. 20. Of the excommunication that Dioscorus Patriarch of Alexandria fulmi∣nated against Leo Bishop of Rome; and other censures pronounced against the Bishop of Rome.
CHAP. 21. Of the Letters, and of the Law of Valentinian the third. And of the Law of the Emperor Leo, contrary to that of Valentinian.
CHAP. 22. Of the Ordination of the Patriarch of Antioch by that of Constan∣tinople.
CHAP. 23. Of the assembling of the Council of Chalcedon, which is the IV. Universal Council.
CHAP. 24. Who presided in the Council of Chalcedon.
CHAP. 25. Of that which past in the Council of Chalcedon, and of the Canons made in the same about the order of the Patriarchs, and the Ecclesiastical policy.
CHAP. 26. Of the XXVIII. Canon of the Council of Chalcedon, and of the protesta∣tion which the Legats of Leo Bishop of Rome made against it: And how they offered to falsifie a Canon of the Council of Nice.
CHAP. 27. Answer to the nullities which M. du Perron brings against this Canon of Chalcedon.
CHAP. 28. A Confutation of the Exposition which M. du Perron giveth to the Canon of the Council of Chalcedon.
CHAP. 29. Of the Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, and of the little credit which ought to be given to the Tomes of the Councils, both Greek and Latin.
CHAP. 30. Answer to the examples which Cardinal du Perron brings in the 34. ch. to prove, that notwithstanding this Canon of Chalcedon, the Bishops of Con∣stantinople have been subject to the Bishop of Rome.
CHAP. 31. A summary Answer to the examples posteriour to the IV. Universal Coun∣cil, brought by the Cardinal in his thirty fourth Chapter.
CHAP. 32. A multitude of falsifications of Cardinal du Perron.
BOOK VII. WHEREIN Divers Controversies are examined, HANDLED BY Cardinal Du PERRON IN His Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth BOOK.
CHAP. 1. State and Distribution of the Question.
CHAP. 2. That the glorified Saints know not all that is done in earth, and know not the hearts and thoughts of men.
CHAP. 3. The opinion of the Fathers upon this point.
CHAP. 4. Examination of the texts and reasons which the Cardinal brings to prove that the Saints know all things, see our thoughts, and hear our prayers. His foul dealing is laid open.
CHAP. 5. What assurance the Roman Church hath, that the Saints whom they call up∣on, are true Saints?
CHAP. 6. Whether Saints and Angels ought to be worshipped?
CHAP. 7. What was the opinion of the Fathers of the three first ages, and till the midst of the fourth, about the invocation of Saints and Angels.
CHAP. 8. A Vindication of Origen upon the point of the invocation of one only God, against the accusations of Cardinal du Perron.
CHAP. 9. A place of Origens eighth book against Celsus falsified by Cardinal du Perron.
CHAP. 10. Reasons why Hierom said that the Fathers writing against the Pagans, often writ against their own sense.
CHAP. 11. Of the opinion of those that condemn not invocation of Saints, but think it unnecessary.
CHAP. 12. The opinion of the Fathers about invocation of Saints, from the year of the Lord 365. unto the IV. Council.
CHAP. 13. What honour is due to Angels and deceased Saints, and of the worship of du∣lia and latria.
CHAP. 14. Of the Legends of Saints.
CHAP. 15. Of the Psalter attributed to Saint Bonaventure.
Second Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. OF IMAGES.
CHAP. I. Of Gods Images.
CHAP. 2. Of the images of Saints.
CHAP. 3. Reasons of the Adversaries for the adoration of images.
CHAP. 4. That the excuses and reasons which our Adversaries bring for the defence of their Images, are the same which the Pagans alleadged against the antient Christians.
CHAP. 5. When the images of Saints were first brought into the Latine or Occidental Church, and of the progress of that abuse.
CHAP. 6. Of the Originall and progress of Images in the Greek and Oriental Churches.
Third Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. In Answer to the third instance of the fourth Book of Cardinal DU PERRON. Of PRAYER for the DEAD.
CHAP. 1. Of Prayer for the dead, and of Purgatory. What Scripture saith of it. And of the Purgatory of the Primitive Church.
CHAP. 2. Of Indulgences given unto the dead, and generally of Indulgences.
Fourth Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. OF THE Celibat of Clarks & Monks.
CHAP. 1. A comparison of continent Virginity with Matrimony. That many Prophets and Apostles were married. That the high Priests under the Law were mar∣ried. Examination of the Cardinals shifts.
CHAP. 2. That the Apostle Paul, 1 Cor. 7. obligeth incontinent Clarks to marry. Con∣futation of the Cardinals reasons.
CHAP. 3. Another text of the Apostle Paul, 1 Tim. 4. against the prohibition of mar∣rying. Examination of the Cardinals answers.
CHAP. 4. Another text of the same Epistle, chap. 3.
CHAP. 5. Vindication of the assertion of his Majesty of Great Brittain, that the Cano∣nists teach, that fornication is more tolerable in the Ministers of the Church, then lawfull Matrimony.
CHAP. 6. Answer to the reasons and testimonies which the Cardinal brings against the marriage of Clarks.
CHAP. 7. What was the belief of the Antient Church about the marriage of the Mini∣sters of the Church. The reasons and allegations of Cardinal du Perron are examined, and some of his falsifications observed.
CHAP. 8. Examples of Clarks married, both Antient and Modern.
CHAP. 9. Confession of the Adversaries.
CHAP. 10. Of the disorders happened by the Celibat: Also of the Charthusians, and of St. Francis and his rule.
CHAP. II. Of affected austerity, Reasons whereby the Cardinal maintaineth professed slovenliness. The Original of Monks.
CHAP. I. That in the question of Fasting, and of Lent M. du Perron doth not touch the state of the question, but discourseth about things not controverted.
CHAP. 2. That as sobriety and fasting are recommended in the word of God, so distin∣ction of meats is condemned by the same.
CHAP. 3. Of the custom of the Antient Church about distinction of meats.
CHAP. 4. Of ordinary fasts upon week dayes practised in the antient Church, and of Saturday fast.
CHAP. 5. Of the Fasts of Saturday, and the Lords day.
CHAP. 6. Examination of the proofs whereby Cardinal du-Perron goeth about to prove that Lent is of divine institution.
CHAP. 7. That Cardinal du Perron was ignorant of the original of Lent, and in what sense that word was taken in the Antient Church. Diversity of antient customs in this matter.
CHAP. 8. How the discipline of Fasting in the Roman Church, is full of absurdity and abuse.
Sixth Controversie, OF THE SEVENH BOOK. OF Auricular Confession, and Of the secrets of Confession.
CHAP. 1. Four sorts of Confession in our Churches. Answer to the Cardinal:
CHAP. 2. That the testimonies of the Fathers which Cardinal du Perron objecteth to us, to establish Auricular Confession, are to no purpose. Some falsifi∣cations observed.
CHAP. 3. Of the Penitentiary Priest abolished by Nectarius. How Cardinal du Perron altereth and corrupteth that history. How he disguiseth and concealeth the Doctrine of Chrysostom about Confession.
CHAP. 4. Why Cardinal du Perron contradicteth the Councils of Trent and Florence, making Confession not to be part of the Sacrament of Penitence. That Penitence cannot be called a Sacrament.
CHAP. 5. What we find amiss in the Auricular Confession of the Roman Church.
CHAP. 6. Examination of the sixth and the seventh Chapters of the second Observati∣on, wherein Cardinal du Perron treats of the secret of Confession, and of the danger thereby created unto the life of Kings.
Seventh Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. OF The Authority and Power of the Pastors of the Church to par∣don Sins. And of Sacramen∣tall Absolution.
CHAP. 1. How negligently M. du Perron treats of Sacramental Absolution. A summa∣ry answer to that he saith of that subject. Many falsifications are observed.
CHAP. 2. What is that pardon of sin which the Pastors of the Church grant, and how far their power to forgive sin extends. And of the power of the Keyes.
CHAP. 3. That the Pastors of the Church cannot blot out sins before God. And cannot by pardoning sins exempt sinners from Gods judgement. And that unto God alone, as the only Judge of souls and consciences, it belongeth to for∣give sins. And that the absolution of the Priests of the Roman Church is void and of no vertue.
CHAP. 4. Proof of our doctrine by the Antient Fathers; And even by the Roman Church.
CHAP. 5. Of the Abuse of the Keyes, and of Absolution, both that which is called Sacramental, and that which is given without the Sacrament.
Eighth Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. OF Penitential Satisfaction. Where also it is spoken of Satisfa∣ctions in general.
CHAP. 1. The Doctrine of the Roman Church, about Penitential Satisfaction.
CHAP. 2. Of the word Satisfaction. State of the Question.
CHAP. 3. That the Holy Scripture makes Christ and the merit of his death, to be the ground of remission of sins, as his death being the only ransom and pro∣pitiation for our sins. And that the Roman Church feigning to acknow∣ledge the sufficiency and perfection of that satisfaction, debaseth and weakeneth it with all her power.
CHAP. 4. Where this Maxime of the Roman Church is examined, that God having forgiven the whole fault, doth not alwayes forgive the whole pain.
CHAP. 5. Proofs of our Adversaries, whereby they pretend to prove that God, after all the fault is forgiven, inflicteth the satisfactory pain.
CHAP. 6. That the Satisfactions of the Roman Church, derogate from Christs satisfa∣faction, and are injurious against Gods Justice.
CHAP. 7. Causes why we especially reject the Satisfactions of the pretended Sacrament of Penitence.
CHAP. 8. Reasons of the Adversaries for humane Satisfactions. Of the application of the merit of Christ. And of humane merits.
CHAP. 9. That none can satisfie Gods justice for another.
CHAP. 10. Answer to the invectives of our Adversaries upon this matter. And of their reproach to this Author, that he is a Fryars son.
CHAP. 11. What tyranny the Popes have exercised over England for some Ages under colour of absolution and satisfaction. And from what horrible bon∣dage England was delivered by the light of the Gospel.
CHAP. 12. In what sense the word Penitence is taken in Scripture, and in the Fathers.
CHAP. 13. In what sense the words Penitence and Satisfaction, are taken in the writings of the Fathers, and that the Penitence of the antient Church, is much different from the penitences of the Roman Church.
CHAP. 1. Cardinal du Perron's reason for the absolute necessity of Baptism. Exami∣nation of the doctrine of the Church of Rome upon that point. How they abuse this text, John 3.5. Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the Kingdom of God.
CHAP. 2. Sense of the forealleadged text, John 3.5. How unworthily and unjustly Cardinal du Perron deals with Calvin. A notable ignorance of the Cardinal.
CHAP. 3. How contemptible Baptism is in the Roman Church, and miserably dis∣graced.
CHAP. 4. The doctrine of our Churches about the vertue and efficacy of Ba∣ptism.
CHAP. 5. How the Romanists after they have depress Baptism, exalt it with improper praises.
CHAP. 1. State of the Question. How M. du Perron doth not touch it, but wanders about useles dis∣courses.
CHAP. 2. That the Sacrifice of the Mass was not instituted by Christ. And of the fruit and efficacy of the sacrifice of the Mass.
CHAP. 3. Examination of the Cardinals reasons, to prove that the Fathers call the Eucharist a Sacrifice in a proper, not in a Metaphorical sense.
CHAP. 4. That the Fathers call the Lords Supper a Sacrifice, because it is the com∣memoration of the Sacrifice of Christs death.
CHAP. 5. Examination of the Cardinals shifts.
CHAP. 6. Other reasons for which the Fathers called the Lords Supper a Sacrifice.
Eleventh Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. Of the Real Presence of CHRISTS Body IN THE SACRAMENT, AND Of Transubstantiation.
CHAP. 1. Of the first Institution of the holy Sacrament of the Lords Supper.
CHAP. 2. That the Doctrine of the Real presence, and of Transubstantiation, is repug∣nant to Christs Institution. The Cardinals reasons are examined.
CHAP. 3. Of the sense of John 6. and of the Spiritual manducation of the body Of Christ, and how many absurdities and inconveniencies follow the oral manducation of Christs flesh taught in the Roman Church.
CHAP. 4. How and in what sense the Fathers alleadged by the Cardinal, call the Sacra∣ment the body of Christ, and say that Christs body is made in the Eucha∣rist, and that we eate his flesh in it. Answer to the Cardinals depra∣vations.
CHAP. 5. That the Fathers did not believe transubstantiation, but believed that the substance of bread and wine remaineth after the consecra∣tion.
CHAP. VI. What is the signification of the word Sacrament: And in what sense the Fa∣thers call the Eucharist the body of Christ.
CHAP. VII. That the Fathers not only call that which we receive in the Eucharist, sign, figure, symbol, type, and antitype, and commemoration; but also teach that the words of the Lord are sacramental, that is, that in these words the name of the thing signified is given to the sign.
CHAP. VIII. Some passages of Austin, wherein he teacheth that Christs words, This is my body, and Except you eat my flesh, &c. are figurative. The Car∣dinals answers are examined.
CHAP. IX. Examination of Cardinal du Perrons answer, whereby he endeavours to give reasons why the Fathers call the Bread and Wine of the Lords Sup∣per signs, figures, types, and symbols of the body and blood of Christ, even after the Consecration.
CHAP. X. Some passages of the Councils upon this subject.
CHAP. XI. That the Fathers did not believe accidents without a subject in the Eu∣charist.
CHAP. XII. That the Fathers not only speak of a spiritual manducation which is not done with the mouth, but also understand Christs words, John 6. of a spi∣ritual manducation.
CHAP. XIII. That the Fathers believed not that the wicked, and unbelievers, or hypocrites could eat the Lords body.
CHAP. 14, Confutation of two shifts which the Cardinal useth upon all occasions.
CHAP. XV. Shewing how the Fathers say, that the Fathers of the Old Testament ate the same meat which we eat in the Eucharist.
CHAP. XVI. That the Fathers believed not that the body of Christ is really present under the element of Bread, but that he is in heaven only, not in earth.
CHAP. XVII. That the Fathers acknowledge the same participation of the body and blood of the Lord in Baptism, and in the preaching of the Word, as in the Lords Supper.
CHAP. XVIII. After what manner the Christian Church of the first Ages celebrated the Lords Supper. How the ancient customs shew evidently, that they be∣lieved not the real presence, nor transubstantiation.
CHAP. XIX. Proofs of the customs represented in the Chapter before.
CHAP. XX. Of the adoration of the Sacrament: weakness of the Cardinals proofs: how he falsifieth Scripture. Examination of his allegations.
CHAP. XXI. That in the first ages of the Christian Church the Sacrament was not wor∣shipped. The Cardinals allegations and proofs are examined.
CHAP. XXII. The Cardinals allegations out of the Fathers are examined, beginning at his allegations out of the Catecheses of Gregory of Nyssa.
CHAP. XXIII. Answer to the other allegations of the same Chapter.
CHAP. XXIV. Answer to the authorities and reasons brought by Cardinal du Perron in the 14, 15, and 16. chapters.
CHAP. XXV. How the Cardinal sends the Reader to a larger Book of his of the Eucharist; That the beginning of that Book sheweth what one should think of the rest.
Twelfth Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. OF The Communion under one kind. And of the Power which Cardi∣nal Du Perron ascribeth unto the Church, that is to the Pope, to dispense from the Commandment of Christ.
Thirteenth Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK OF Private Masses.
CHAP. I. Of Private Masses; And the shamefull Traffique of the same.
CHAP. II. That Masses without Communicants and assistants, said to the intention of a private man that payeth for them, are repugnant unto the Word of God.
CHAP. III. That the Ancient Church did not know private or particular Masses, and did not celebrate the holy Sacrament without Communicants and as∣sistants to the intention of a particular person.
Fourteenth Controversie, OF THE SEVENTH BOOK. THE ANTIBARBAROƲS, OR, Of unknown Language, both in the Prayers of private persons, and in the publick Service. Where also the principal Clauses of the Mass are represented, which might offend the people if they understood them. To my dear Nephew Monsieur BOCHART, Pastor of the Church of LAEN.
A TREATISE OF The use of an unknown Tongue in Prayers and Gods Service.
CHAP. I. That false Religions love obscurity; but true Religion brings her doctrin to light, and keepeth nothing hidden.
CHAP. II. Two differences between us and the Roman Church about unknown Lan∣guage.
CHAP. III. Of prayers of particular persons in a tongue unknown to the very persons that pray.
CHAP. IV. That in the Antient Church every one prayed in his own Tongue.
CHAP. V. That the Publick Service in a Language not understood, is contrary to the Word of God, and to Reason.
CHAP. VI. The same is proved by the example of the Church of the Old Testa∣ment.
CHAP. VII. That the Antient Christian Church over all the world used an intelligible tongue in the publick Service.
CHAP. VIII. Two causes that move the Pope and his Clergy to maintain the celebration of the Mass and of the ordinary Service in the Latin Tongue.
CHAP. IX. A third cause why they will not have the Mass to be understood by the people. Some clauses of the Mass which would offend the people if they were un∣stood.
CHAP. X. Examination of the reasons of our Adversaries, of Card. Du Perron espe∣cially.
CHAP. XI. Examination of the proofs that the Cardinal brings out of Antiquity, for the Service in a strange tongue.
CHAP. XII. How Latin was brought into the Divine Service in France and Spain.
CHAP. XIII. Of England and Germany, and how the Roman Service and the Latin tongue were received in those Countries.
CHAP. XIV. Of AFRICA, and how the Service in the Latin Tongue came to it.
The Authors thanksgiving to God for the finishing of this Work.
An Alphabetical Table OF THE Principal Matters contained in this BOOK.