|Author:||Dubreuil, Jean, 1602-1670.|
|Title:||Perspective practical, or, A plain and easie method of true and lively representing all things to the eye at a distance by the exact rules of art ... / by a religious person of the Society of Jesus ... ; faithfully translated out of French, and illustrated with 150 copper cuts ; set forth in English by Robert Pricke ...|
|Publication info:||Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 December (TCP phase 2)
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Perspective practical, or, A plain and easie method of true and lively representing all things to the eye at a distance by the exact rules of art ... / by a religious person of the Society of Jesus ... ; faithfully translated out of French, and illustrated with 150 copper cuts ; set forth in English by Robert Pricke ...
Dubreuil, Jean, 1602-1670., Pricke, Robert.
London: Printed by H. Lloyd, and sold by R. Pricke ..., 1672.
|Alternate titles:||Perspective pratique. English|
Reproduction of original in Cambridge University Library.
Attributed to Jean Dubreuil. cf. NUC pre-1956.
Text and illustrations on opposite pages, numbered in duplicate.
Table to contents: p. - at end.
Advertisement: p. - at end.
Perspective -- Early works to 1800.
Drawing -- Handbooks, manuals, etc. -- Early works to 1800.
A TABLE, Instructing how to find the pieces that may serve to make any part of Perspective.
SOME DEFINITIONS AND PRINCIPLES OF PERSPECTIVE.
The Definitions, Names and Terms of the Points, Lines and Figures which we shall use.
The Rest of the Definitins, Names and Termes.
Some Orders of Geometry, for to make the Lines and Figures, which we are about to define.
For to frame the Figures.
Of Polygones Circular, which are Figures with divers Angles within one Circle.
Of the Rayes VISUAL.
Wherefore one may see better a Perspective with one Eye only, then with two.
The First Definition.
The Second Definition.
The Third Definition.
The fourth Definition.
Wherefore the Objects that are far distant seem to approach and joyn themselves together, although they be in equal distance.
Wherefore the Objects draw near to each other, being view'd afar off.
Of the Horizon.
Of the Base.
Of the Point of sight, Point of Perspective, Point Ocular, or Point Principal.
Of the Points of Distance.
Of Points Accidental.
Of the Point of the Front.
Of the Point of the side.
Of the visual Rayes.
Of the Diagonals or Diametrals, and of their sections.
Of the Distance, or Removal and Setting.
The first Advice about the Point of the side.
The Second Advice of the Hollowing or deepe sinkings.
The third Advice of the Measures upon the Ease
The fourth Advice of the Base and of one only point of distance.
The fifth Advice, not to deceive ones self in the Measures.
The sixth Advice, of the Point of distance only.
The seventh Advice, that we should not use the Diagonal.
The Eighth Advice, for to abridge in divers manners.
THE ORDERS FOR PLANES IN Perspective.
Of Planes viewed directly or in front.
Planes viewed Obliquely or on the side.
Of a Triangle.
Of the Pentagone or five-Angles.
Of the Hexagone, or six Angles.
Of the Heptagone or seven-Angles.
Of the Octogone, or Eight-Angles.
Of the Octogone after another Order.
Of the Hexagone or six-Angles
Of the Octogone double.
Of the Hexagone double.
Of the Circle.
Of the Circle double.
A Plane of the Square view'd from the Angle.
A Pavement of Squares view'd by the Angles.
Of Squares compassing a Border or Fillet.
Pavements view'd by the Angle, Compassed with a Band or Fillet.
Pavements of Squares view'd by the Front, Compassed with Bands or Bor∣ders, which have Squares seen from the Angle in the midst.
A Pavement of Squares seen from the Angle, with Chains of Squares on the Front.
A Pavement of Squares in Front, with Chains of Squares seen from the Angle.
A Pavement of little Squares Octogones, mingled with the Squares.
A Pavement of single Squares view'd in Front.
The Plane of a Garden abridged.
The Plane of a Building Abridged.
The Plane of a Church Abridged.
The Plane of an House with a Garden.
The Plane of a Fortification Abridged.
A Plane and Figure Irregular abbreviated.
Another Plane of a Church abbreviated.
THE ORDERS OF THE ELEVATIONS.
Some Necessary Advice, for the Orders following.
Of the Line of Elevation for to give the Heights to all kinde of Bodies and Fi∣gures, and in such a Place as one would within a Plane.
The Elevation of a Cube in Perspective.
The Triangle in Perspective.
The Pentagone, or five-Angles in Perspective.
The Hexagone or six-Angles in Perspective.
Of the Heptagone, or Seven-Angles, in Perspective.
Of the Octogone, or Eight-Angles, in Perspective.
A double Cross in Perspective.
A Stone-fluted, or straked like a starr, in Perspective.
Of Pilasters in Perspective.
Of Pilasters viewed by the Angle.
The Effects of the diversity of Horizons.
The Elevation of Objects viewed by the Angle.
For to raise Bodies, and remove them as far of as one would.
Thus you must proceed.
Of Walls viewed directly.
Another Wall viewed from the Angle.
For to place a doer in what place one would of a Wall.
For to frame Windows in Perspective.
Of the Planchers above.
Another Ordering of Planchers in Perspective.
A single Draught of Doors and round Arches view'd directly.
Round Arches above the Pilasters view'd directly.
Of the third Point in the Arch.
A further Pursuit of this Figure.
For to frame and set into Perspective Doors and round Arches.
For to frame and put into Perspective Doors, and Arches round, double, shewing their thicknesses.
Of Figures in Arches of another fashion.
Arches view'd obliquely in Perspective.
Of Arches flat, or in manner of an Handle of a Basket, or demi-circles.
For to set Arches or half-Circles upon Pilasters or Columns.
Arches in the third Point.
For to set into Perspective Vaults or Cross Arches.
For to make the same Vault more exactly.
For to make the Vaults more streight then large.
A Vault made by the Orders aforegoing.
Of Arches and Doors with three squares.
Of another Arch Half-Decagone, or of five squares.
The Elevation of round Figures in Perspective.
The Elevation of Pilasters set into a Round.
A Vault like a Scallop-shell set into Perspective.
Of open Rounds in Steeples, or Vaults pierced in Perspective.
That the multitude of Objects and the Plurality of sto∣ries, ought to have but one point of sight.
For to set Chimneys into Perspective.
Of Stairs in Perspective.
Other steps hollowed underneath in Perspective.
Steps in front in Perspective.
For to make stairs, which one may shew from four sides.
Stairs viewed on the side in Perspective.
Stairs within a Wall in Perspective.
For winding Stairs with Rests in Perspective.
Stairs winding upright, in Perspective.
Squares set into Round, in Perspective.
Round Stairs, in Perspective.
Round stairs viewed from the side in Perspective.
For the winding stairs, or turning Ascent.
Of Columns or Pillars in Perspective.
Of Cornishes and Mouldings in Perspective.
A great Cornish above the Horizon in Perspective.
For to find the under parts of the Great Projectors.
Of the Cornishes and Mouldings under the Horizon.
For Cornishes with many Returns.
For the Openings of Doors in Perspective.
For the Openings of Windows in Perspective.
For the Opening of the windows with Chamfrettings.
Of divers other Openings.
Of planes, and the first elevations of moveables.
Of the Elevation of Moveables.
For to make the upper part of Tables, Stools, &c.
For to Elevate a Court-Cupboard and Cabinet.
For the Elevations of Chairs.
One other fashions of Moveables in Perspective.
Of Moveables set without Order.
Of Moveables lying or thrown upon the Ground.
For to set Altars into Perspestive.
Of Merchants Shops in Perspective.
Of the out-side of Buildings.
For to set the Roofs of Houses in Perspective.
The rest of the Roofs in Perspective.
For to set a street into Perspective.
That the Objects afar off shew not the Thickness.
For the Buildings viewed by the Angle.
For to set Alleys of Trees in Perspective.
For Gardens in Perspective.
The little Squares with Borders.
For to elevate and set in Perspective Fortifications.
For to make the designs of Perspective.
For to draw little Perspectives into great, and great into little.
Orders to facilitate the Ʋniversal manner of the Siour G. D. L.
For the second figure.
Of a general manner for to exercise Perspective, without setting the Point of distance out of the Picture, or Field of the Work by the Sieur G D L.
For to give justly the distance removed, the Point remaining in the Picture,
A very sine Invention, for to make naturally Perspectives without keeping the Rules.
Another pretty Invention for to exercise the Perspective, without knowing it.
MEASURES AND PROPORTIONS OF FIGURES IN PERSPECTIVES, PICTURES, AND VVORKS EMBOSSED
For Figures in Perspective.
For the Fig re having the Eye within the Horizon.
For the Figures having the Horizon below.
For the Figures having the Horizon high.
For the figure that have feet at the Horizon.
Of Figures Elevated above the Plane.
Of the Postures that we should give to Figures in the Perspectives.
Of Beasts and Birds in Perspective.
For to finde the height of Figures far removed, the first being upon a Moun∣tain near to the Eye.
For to give the natural height, or such as one would to Figures elevated on high.
For to know how much Figures equal diminish to the eye, the one set vpon the others in height.
Of Measures for the Figures elevated.
ORDERS FOR TO FIND THE NATURAL SHADOVVS AS WELL BY THE SUN AND BY A TORCH AS BY A CANDLE AND A LAMP.
The Original of Shadows.
Of the difference of Shadows.
For to finde the shape of the Shadows.
Of Shadows taken from the Sun.
The Shadows of the Sun are equal to the Objects of the same height, although that they be removed the one from the other.
Of the Shadows when the Sun is directly opposite to the Eye.
For to give the shadow of the Objects pierced by the light.
The Shadows take the shape of the Planes where they are cast.
For to find the shadow of the Objects, when they have more breadth above then below.
For to find the shadow of Objects elevated from the Ground.
For to find the shadow at the Sun in all sorts of Figures.
For to finde with facility the shadows by the Sun.
The Shadows taken from a Torch, from the Candle, and from a Lamp; are found by one and the same Order.
Of the foot of the light.
For to find the shadows by a Torch, on all the sides of a Chamber,
The second Figure.
The shadow by a Torch of a Pyramide upright, and another upside down.
The shadow of a Cross.
For to finde the shadow of Round Objects, by a Torch.
Of the shadow upon many Planes Parallels.
The second Figure.
The shadow of boarded Floores by a Torch.
For to finde the shadow by the foot of the light.
Of the Shadow doubled.
For the Shadow of Figures by a Torch.
Of the divers dispositions and heights of shadows by the Torch.
A CATALOGUE of Books Printed for Rob. Prick, and are to be sold at his Shop over against the Cross-Keys in White-Cross-street, and the Golden Lyon, at the Corner of New-Cheapside near Bethlehem,