CHAP. I. Of making the quarters.
INa the choise of a fitting place for encamping or quartering, regard must be had, First, to the commoditie of the souldiers; Secondly, to the situation; to be able to resist the enemie: For experience teacheth what benefit or losse an army may receive by a good or bad quartering, and hereof histories yield a world of examples.
To lodge or encamp the Cavallrie, a speciall care must be had of the commodity of water, and where they may be under shelter: for one cold or rainy night might ruine the Cavallrie, nothing hurting a horse sooner then cold or wet. By this means the souldier shall find forrage at hand, and needeth not to go seek it abroad with his horse of service, all not having nags. When the horse be lodged in severall quarters, two souldiers of every quarter attend the person of the Generall, or the chief Commander, to carry any sudden orders to their severall quarters. But of such compa∣nies as are quartered near him,b one is sufficient. When all the Cavallry is lodged together, the Lieutenant Generall, Commissary Generall, and Quartermaster Generall are usually lodged near the Generall, for the better distributing of the Generalls orders.
The appointing of the quarters belongeth to the Commissary Generall and the Marshall, by whose directions the Quartermaster Generall proceedeth. It is fit for them to have some demon∣stration on paper, of the place beforehand; and to know the commodities and discommodities, also advenues of the enemy; wherein the guides can better direct them then the usuall maps, which (if not false) are too generall. When the Quartermaster Generallc goeth before to make the quarters, not onely the particular Quartermasters, but also two souldiers of every company are to go with him; which then go back again to conduct their respective companies to their assigned quarters; Page 30 especially in the night. The Provost (or rather the Waggon-master) sendeth one of his men to take notice of the place for the lodging of the baggage, who afterward conducteth him thither; where he then assigneth the Sutlers (or victuallers) their quarter, and causeth all carts or waggons to be removed out of the streets, left an alarm be given.