Military instructions for the cavallrie, or, Rules and directions for the service of horse collected out of divers forrein authours, ancient and modern, and rectified and supplied according to the present practice of the Low-Countrey warres.
Cruso, John, d. 1681.
Page  [unnumbered]

An Appendix.

CUrteous Reader, this second Edition of my book of Cavallrie coming forth without my knowledge, I was disappointed of my purpose of inserting some alterations and additions in their due places: not∣withstanding (to satisfie the commanding requests of some Friends) I shall give a touch of some sudden observations, which you may please to referre to their severall Chapters.

Part. 1. Chap. 2. Experience having taught later times that the allowing of Bidets (or Nagges) to the Horsemen, caused a great expense of forrage, and a needlesse consumption of victuall, and great disorders by reason of their boyes; they are not now allowed any naggs, neither in the Armie of the States of the united Provinces, nor in divers other places.

And touching the Captains libertie to choose their own Officers, that is also altered: for the Generall now gives Commissions to the Lieutenant and Cornet as well as to the Captain; yet (in way of favour) the Gene∣rall doth oftentimes admit of such Officers as are nominated and presented to him by the Captain.

Chap. 17. We being now fallen into times of Action, and the knowledge of the pay allowed to every Offi∣cer and Souldier being so generally necessary, I have thought fit to communicate an Establishment, being that which is at present used: And though I intended onely to speak of so much as concerneth the Horse; yet be∣ing of great concernment for the Foot and Train of Artillerie, I shall make bold to digresse a little, and give you a brief and summarie list of all, as followeth.

Officers generall of the Field.
 lib.fol.den.
Lord Generall10.perdiem.
Serjeant Major Generall2  
President of the Councel of Warre 15 
Quartermaster Generall1  
Provost Marshall Generall 68
20. horses allowed him (each 2s 6d)210 
Waggonmaster Generall 10 
two horses allowed him (each 2s 6d) 5 

Officers Generall of the Train.
 lib.fol.den.
Treasurer2  
Mustermaster Generall 15 
three deputies each 5 
Advocate of the Armie1  
Two Chaplains (each 8s) 16 
One Physician for the L. Generalls person 68
One for the Armie 68
One Apothecarie 10 
One Chirurgeon 4 
two mates each 26
Captain of the Guard1  
30. men, each 16
Commissarie Generall for provision of victuall for the foot 16 
Foure men with horses, each 26

The pay of a Regiment of Foot.
 lib.fol.den.
Colonell (as Colonell)110 
Lieut. Colonell (as Lieut. Colonell) 15 
Sergeant Major (as Major) 9 
Quartermaster 5 
Provost Marshall 5 
Carriagemaster 3 
Preacher 8 
Chirurgeon 4 
two Mates (2s 6d each) 5 
Captain 15 
Lieutenant 4 
Ensigne 3 
Three Serjeants, each 16
One Drum Major 1 
Two Drums, each 1 
Three Corporalls, each 1 
Souldiers, each  8

The pay of Horse-officers of the Field.
 lib.fol.den.
Generall5  
Lieutenant Generall2  
Serjeant Major Generall110 
Quartermaster Generall 10 
Two horses Carbines (each 2s 6d) 5 
Commissarie of the provision 16 
Foure horses and men (each 2s 6d) 10 
Provost Marshall 5 
Eight horses, Carbines (each 2s 6d)1  
Mustermaster Generall 15 
two Deputies, each 5 
Preacher 8 
Chirurgeon 4 
two mates (each 2s 6d) 5 

A Regiment of Cuirassiers.Page  [unnumbered]
 lib.fol.den.
Colonell (as Colonell)110 
Serjeant Major (as Major) 12 
Captain14 
six horses (each 3s 6d)11 
Captain-Lieutenant (besides 4. horses) 14 
Lieutenant 8 
foure horses (each 3s 6d) 14 
Cornet (the Generalls 7s,) the rest 6 
three horses (each 3s 6d) 106
Quartermaster 4 
two horses (each 3s 6d) 7 
Three Corporalls, each 3 
two horses apiece (each 3s 6d)11 
Two trumpeters, each 3 
A Farrier 36
A Sadler 36
Carriagemaster 36
Preacher 8 
Chirurgeon 4 
Two mates, each 26
Preachers man 26
Provost 5 
Souldiers Cuirassiers, each 36

Harquebusiers.
 lib.fol.den.
Captain14 
6 Horses, each 26
Lieutenant 8 
4 horses, each 26
Cornet 6 
3 horses, each 26
Quartermaster 4 
2 horses, each 26
3 Corporalls, each, 3 
2 Trumpeters each 3 
A Sadler 26
A Farrier 26
Souldiers Harquebusiers, each 26

Dragons.
 lib.fol.den.
Colonell110 
Serjeant Major 9 
Quartermaster 5 
Preacher 4 
Provost Marshall 5 
Chirurgeon 4 
2 Mates, each 26
Captain 15 
5 horses, each 1 
Lieutenant 4 
3 horses, each 1 
Cornet 3 
2 horses, each 1 
2 Serjeants, each 16
a horse, each 1 
3 Corporalls, each 1 
3 horses (for each, one) each 1 
2 Drums, each 1 
their horses, each 1 
A Farrier 1 
his horse 1 
Souldiers Dragoneers, each 16

    Advance money to the Officers.
  • To the Provost Marshall for irons 7 pounds
  • Minister for provision and necessaries 20 pounds
  • Chirurgeons chest 15 pounds
  • Minister and Chirurgeon for their Waggon 40 pounds
  • To the Captain 140 pounds
  • Lieutenant 60 pounds
  • Cornet 50 pounds
  • Quartermaster 30 pounds
  • Three Corporalls, each 10 pounds
  • 2 Trumpeters, 1 Farrier, 1 Sadler, each, 8 pounds
  • Every Waggon at 40 pounds, or 4 shillings 8 pence per diem for every Waggon.
  • The Captains of Foot have 40 pounds 〈◊〉 for a Waggon, and 10 shillings a man to raise their Companies.

Officers, Artificers, and Attendants of the Train of Artillery, consisting of 36 Pieces.Page  [unnumbered]
Generall of the Ordnance4 pounds
Lieutenant Generall1 po. 10 shil
Assistant6 shill. pen.
2 Clerks, each26
A Surveyer or Controller10 
2 Clerks, each26
Chief Engineer10 
A Clerk26
6 Engineers for ordering trenches, fortifi∣cations and approches, each6 
6 Clerks, each2 
15 Guides or Conductors, each26
A Paymaster5 
2 Clerks, each2 
2 Commissaries of Ordnance, Matrosses, and Ammunition, each5 
2 Clerks, each2 
20 Gentlemen of the Ordnance, each4 
A Commissary to distribute victuall6 
2 Clerks attending him, each2 
A Purveyer generall for Munition and all necessaries for the Ordnance  
2 Horsemen to assist him, each26
A Waggon-master for the Artillery5 
2 Assistants, each26
20 Conductors attending him, each2 
A principall Conductor for the Artillery for draught horses and ammunition4 
A Commissary for the train of Artillery for the draught horses4 
Quartermaster for the train of Artillery6 
Master of the Miners4 
25 other Miners, each1 
3 Captains to 600 Pioners, each5 
3 Lieutenants, each3 
3 Overseers of the Pioners work, each2 
2 Petardeers or fireworkers, each4 
to each of them 4 attendants, each26
One Master Gunner68
3 Master Gunners mates, each26
20 Gunners, each2 
30 Gunners, each16
200 Labourers, each1 
A Provostmarshall of the Artillery3 
3 under Jaylours, each1 
A Battery-master5 
A Bridge-master, with 100 Matrosses to work about rivers6 
An Assistant to him36
Every Matrosse1 
A Chaplain4 
An Ensigne5 
A Drumme16
A Trumpet3 
A Chirurgeon4 
2 under barber Chirurgeons, each16
Master Carpenter4 
2 Mates, each2 
24 Carpenters, each16
A Master Blacksmith4 
2 Mates, each2shill. pen.
6 Servants under him, each16
A Master Wheelwright3 
2 Mates, each2 
8 Servants under him, each16
A Master Farrier3 
6 Servants being workmen, each16
600 Pioners, each1 
3 Tent-keepers, each16
9 Servants under them, each1 
An Armourer3 
4 Servants under him, each2 
A Basketmaker for gabions, hurdles, baskets26
4 Servants, each16
A Collar-maker26
4 Servants, each16
A Ladle-maker26
2 Servants, each16
A Gunsmith36
2 Servants, each2 
A Cooper26
4 Servants, each16
A Ropemaker26
2 Servants, each16

Chap. 19. line 34. for 81. reade 18. Chap. 28. line 30. for uneven, reade even.

Chap. 29. The horseman (having spanned his pistol) is not to return his spanner to the side of his Case (where some would have it) for there it is neither sure nor readily returned: but is to wear it in a string hanging on his left shoulder, by his right side. And for lading his Pistols (and so for the Carbine) I would (by no means) have him to use his flask, but the (farre readier) way of Cartouches, which his Holsters must alwayes be furnished with, besides those which he is to have in store.

Chap. 32. The custome now is to make the horse but three in file for fight, so consequently divers of the mo∣tions shewed in this Chapter will be uselesse.

PART III. Chap. 2 Concerning Encamping, the Reader may receive more satisfaction in my book of Castrametation, published Anno 1642.

Chap. 6. and 7. And for the Watches also, in my Order of Military Watches, then published.

PART IIII. Chap. 6. and 8. The manner of fighting used by the horse (in divers Armies) now a dayes, is not by wheeling off (as formerly) but by charging through. Every man having his drawn sword in his bridle-hand, fires his Carbine or Pistol: the Carbine at 12. or 15. foot distance, and the Pistol so near as hath been shewed before in Part 1. Chap. 29. the Carbine levelled at the knees of the enemies horse, because the powder naturally, and also the least motion of the horse, use to raise the muzzle of the piece. Having fired, he presently is to betake him to his sword (unlesse the enemy by wheeling off gives him leasure and opportunity to use his second Pistoll) and so to charge him on the flank or rear, and to fight at his best advantage. To this end, the Officers must be very carefull to exercise their Troops frequently, especially in a regimentall way (as the sole means, under God, to make them victorious) observing to keep their Troops close serried; to leave fit distances between each Troop, Regiment, and Brigade; to relieve each other orderly; to retreat (upon occasion) in due order into their appointed intervalls, and to avoid confusion.