The character of vvarre, or The image of martiall discipline contayning many vsefull directions for musters & armes, and the very first principles in discipline, the ground postures, all the military motions now vsed ... By Edvvard Cooke.
Cooke, Edward, fl. 1626-1631.

CHAP. II. Out of what Clymate, Place, Citty or Country, young souldiers should be chosen or taken most conueniently.

*THe temperatnes of the Clymate (sayth the learned) doth very much auaile, not onely to strengthen the body, but also the mind: and therefore they are of oppinion that those people that are farthest off from the parching power of the Sunne are for their temperature the best of all to make Souldiers: for say they, those Nations which bee nigh to the Sunne, parched and dried with ouer much heate, haue more wit indeede, but yet lesse blood within them. And for this cause they dare not manfully and boldly stand vnto it when they fight, well knowing how little blood they haue, and feare much therefore wounding: Contrariwise, the people of the North whom the Sunne burneth not so neere, being more rash and vnaduised, yet a great deale better blouded, are most readie of all and desirous of warre: What these men haue approued I will not altogether contradict, though I leaue it to iudgement.

Now it remaines that you know out of what place, namely, whether out of the Citty, or out of the Country you may most conueni∣ently chuse them.

Vegetius would haue you to take them out of the Country, vnlesse necessity doth otherwise constrayne you: and his reason is, that none euer douted but that these common rude sort of people, were alwaies fittest for the warre, being brought vp abroad, vsing to take paynes, abiding Sun-burning, passing not for the shade, know∣ing neuer what Bathes meant,* ignorāt of dilicatnes, symple of mind, content with a little, hardned in euery part to abide & beare labour, least fearing death hauing least tasted of pleasure. This is Vegetius iudgement, which may hold in some, but not in all; I passe it ouer.

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True it is and must bee graunted that they of the Country who are farthest off from the Citty haue likely the ablest bodies to make Souldiers, and therefore are fittest for the warres. But whe∣ther they haue the best capacities to conceiue of Souldierie, is to be doubted? surely they haue not, rather it is to bee expected from thē of the Citty, or adioyning to the Citty, who haue commonly the ripest wittes to apprehend, and to increase in Souldierie: But bee it as it wil, neither of them are naturally borne Souldiers: the one may incline to warre more then the other, but the skill cometh not with∣out industery and paynes.

Plutarch sayth, that it is neither Eurotus,* nor the place betwixt Babix and Gnacion that bringeth forth valiant and warlike men, but they are to be found in all places where youth is brought vp in the shame of vice and boldnesse to vndergoe perills for vertues sake; Vegetius himselfe sayth,* that nature bringeth foorth few valliant men, but diligence doth make many by good instruction and disci∣pline, that in all places both cowards and hardy men are bred: And that some Nations yeelds better Soldiers then other.*

Hence I inferre, that Citty and Country may yeeld both good and bad Souldiers, yet the one may as farre excell the other in feats of warre, as the other excells in strength of body; Chuse then your Souldiers out of Cittie and Countrie, Often exercise the one, for the is dull & hard to learne, make the other strong, for he is actiue & may get strength: Let him learne to toyle and trauell,* to runne too and fro, to carry burthens, to abide the Sunne and dust:* let him fare hardly and homely, bee kept farre off from the allurements of the Citty: and by this meanes, both the strength of his body & mind shall be increased.

The next chapter shall shew of what conuenient age he should be, either for present seruice or Muster.