The character of vvarre, or The image of martiall discipline contayning many vsefull directions for musters & armes, and the very first principles in discipline, the ground postures, all the military motions now vsed ... By Edvvard Cooke.
Cooke, Edward, fl. 1626-1631.

CHAP. XIII. What the distances in Files and Rankes are Which Souldiers must know.

THere bee Fiue sorts of distances in Files (say somme,) and they be these that followeth:

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  • *The first is closest.
  • The second is close.
  • The third is order.
  • The forth is open order.
  • The fift double distance.
which is,
  • Pouldron to pouldron
  • A foote and a halfe.
  • Three foote.
  • Sixe foote.
  • Twelue foote.

There is fiue sorts of distances in Rankes say they:

  • *The first is closest.
  • The second is close.
  • The third is order.
  • The fourth is open order.
  • The fift double distance.
which is
  • To the sword poynt.
  • Three foote.
  • Sixe foote.
  • Twelue foote.
  • Fower & twenty foote.

Although they be thus set downe to be fiue in number, yet most Commanders obserue and teach, as most proper, onely three. viz. Close: Order: and Open order: Antiquitie had no more, yet the rest must not be cashered or slighted, for some times a commander must doe that in a double distance, which cannot be done in a single.

Therefore Souldiers are bound to know all distances in Files and Rankes, that they may the better execute what their Captayne com∣maunds.

The next Chapter shewes how a File and a Ranke is distinguished for a Souldier to know.