The character of vvarre, or The image of martiall discipline contayning many vsefull directions for musters & armes, and the very first principles in discipline, the ground postures, all the military motions now vsed ... By Edvvard Cooke.
Cooke, Edward, fl. 1626-1631.

CHAP. X. Vnto what young Souldiers must bee disciplined, and how often trayned in a Moneth.

YOung Souldiers must be disciplined in the right vse of their Armes, in all the beates of the Drumme, in all militarie mo∣tions; Page  [unnumbered] To march well, to Face, to Wheele, to Countermarch, to double Rankes and Files, to doe all these either by word of mouth, by motion of hand, or by any other mute signe.

Therfore if you would confirme their knowledge in these things, it is requisite that they should be trayned either once a weeke, (or at the least thrice a quarter) for continuall vse of the thing bringeth perfectnesse.

The Latines haue giuen vs two words for an Army, Acies and Exercitus.

Acies is latine for an Army set in Battell Array.

Exercitus, is latine for an Army which is in exercise. This name denotes vnto vs, that it should be euer in labour, and neuer out of practise.

An Army therefore that is out of Exercise doth loose a Name.

Therefore wee must trayne the oftner, and in our traynings at home, practize that which may befall vs in battell abroad.

This wee learne from the Romans.

The auncient Romans did vse to trayne their yong Souldiers twice a day, their old once,* and this they neuer mist what weather soeuer came. In faire weather they exercised abroad, in foule, vnder co∣uerts erected for that purpose: Thrice a moneth the whole Army was brought forth to march; Their march was ten myles from the Campe: The footmen Armed & furnished with all manner of wea∣pons, the Horsemen deuided by troopes, & in compleat Armes: In which march they made semblance of batel, the horsemē began first.

Sometimes they followed, sometimes they gaue backe, and for∣sing their horses ranne them vpon the spurre, not onely in plaine fields, but in strange dificult places, in breaches, & gapes of ditches: sometimes the foot rescued the horse, sometimes the horse rescu∣ed the foot, and both horse and foot did ascend and run downe high and steepe places.

Thus were they practised at home, in that which might befall them abroad: so that happe what could happe to them in fight, these practized Souldiers had very well forelearned. No maruile then, though they were the conquerors of so many Nations. And when they neglected this, that they were so foyled by Haniball and his Carthaginians, foure & 20. yeares they lay idle & were weakened by pleasure and difuse of Armes: That in the second warre of Cartha∣ge (as Ʋegetius reporteth) they were by no meanes comparable Hanniball.

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But after so many consuls lost, so many Captaines slaine, so many Armies cast away: falling to their former exercise, they came at length to bee Conquerours againe.

Oh England, England remember this? By a presumption of long se∣curitie thou didst bring these things out of vse.

But follow what thou hast begun, and the the end will be Glory: practize Warre in Peace & Peace shall be thy reward:* for Warres end is peace. Be diligent in Trayning & instructing thy Souldiers accor∣ding as his Maiesty hath directed (euery weeke) for three monethes together, and euery holiday after in euery yeare; So thou shalt a∣bate the pride of thy Soueraignes Enemie, making him vnwillng to come to handy blowes, seeing thee so expert: And withall, thou shalt incourage the friends of thy Soueraigne, and retayne still the name of a valiant victorious Nation.

Therefore coueting to be victorious, still practize Armes, and desiring Peace, prepare for Warre, and so both will be effected.

The next chapter shewes when young Souldiers must be brought forth into the field for battell.