|Author:||Maxwell, James, b. 1581.|
|Title:||The golden art, or The right way of enriching. Comprised in ten rules, proued and confirmed by many places of holy Scripture, and illustrated by diuers notable examples of the same. Very profitable for all such persons in citie or countrie, as doe desire to get, increase, conserue, and vse goods with a good conscience. By I.M. Maister in Arts.|
|Publication info:||Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service
2011 December (TCP phase 2)
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The golden art, or The right way of enriching. Comprised in ten rules, proued and confirmed by many places of holy Scripture, and illustrated by diuers notable examples of the same. Very profitable for all such persons in citie or countrie, as doe desire to get, increase, conserue, and vse goods with a good conscience. By I.M. Maister in Arts.
Maxwell, James, b. 1581.
London: Printed [by F. Kingston] for William Leake, and are to be sold at his shop in Paules Church-yard, at the signe of the Holy Ghost, 1611.
|Alternate titles:||Golden art Right way of enriching. Golden art of enriching.|
I.M. = James Maxwell.
Printer's name from STC.
Running title reads: The golden art of enriching.
Reproduction of the original in the Folger Shakespeare Library.
To the two most Famous, An∣cient, and Opulent Sister-Cities of the Ocean-walled-world of Britaines Ile, the Au∣gustious Chambers of our most gracious King IAMES the Concorder, and the first Chri∣stian Vniter thereof. LONDON, the Lady of Cities, and Load stone of Strangers. & EDINBVRG, the bright Eye of the North. And to the Honourable GOVERNOVRS, ALDERMEN and SHERIFFES, BAILLIES, and DEANE of the Guild.
To the Right Honourable, SIR WIL∣LIAM CRA∣VEN Knight, Lord Mayor of the Augu∣stious Citty of LON∣DON, and the flow∣er of all Noble-minded Mer∣chants. & SIR IOHN ARNOT Knight, Lord Prouost of the Royall City of EDINBVRGE, and Collector of the Crowne-rents of Scot∣land. All desirable Felicity.
A Summarie view of such more notable points as are declared and explained to the meanest capacity in the Glosses of this Art.
A short forme of prayer, very fit to be vsed of euery regular student in this Arte.
THE GOLDEN ART, OR THE RIGHT way of Enriching.
I. Rule. The feare of the Lord, and his blessing make the poore man rich, and the rich man yet more rich.
II. Rule. Wisdome and vnderstanding, that is, the knowledge of God and good things concerning the publicke good of Church or Common-wealth, with humane discretion, foresight and good gouernment about a mans owne pri∣uate life, make the poore man rich, and the rich man yet more rich.
III. Rule. Diligence in a lawfull calling, as in labouring the ground, in trading or trafficking, or in following some li∣terall profession, together truth, temperancie in liuing, and flying of idlenesse, and excesse make the poore man rich, and the rich man yet more rich.
IIII. Rule. The poore man must not purchase, nor the rich man increase his riches by violence, oppression, theft, robberie, extortion, bribing, vniust detention, nei∣ther yet by peruerting of equitie, as by false testimo∣nie, pleading in an euill cause, or vnrighteous iudge∣ment.
V. Rule. The poore man must not purchase goods, nor the rich man increase his goods alreadie gotten by vsing of vsurie, or false weights, by keeping of pledges, or hording vp of corne to a more deare time, and by o∣uerprising of wares; by keeping or holding of whore∣houses, by sinfull playing and gaining, nor yet by cose∣ning, cogging, deceiuing and lying, for all such wealth of vanitie will soone vanish.
VI. Rule. A man must not make haste to be rich, as being posses∣sed with an immoderate desire and loue of riches, & miscaried with an excessiue care to purchase or in∣crease wealth: But ought rather to bee content with little goods gotten with a good conscience, and enioy∣ed with quietnesse of minde, then to purchase or pos∣sesse much with an euill conscience, with strife, toile, and trouble of spirit.
VII. Rule. The man that would bee rich, must before all other things, and more then all other things, with great feruency and constancy craue at God spirituall bles∣sings; and when he hath gotten riches as he must not set his affection thereupon in louing them too much, so he must not put his affiance or confidence in them by trusting to them, or glorying and boasting him∣selfe of them: Neither must hee murmure against God if he afflict him by the losse of a part thereof, or yet of the whole; but ought to beare his crosse pati∣ently and valiantly. Finally, he must loue his ri∣ches so little in comparison of Christ, and the sal∣uation of his owne soule that (if the cause and occasi∣on offer it selfe) hee bee content to forsake all for Christs sake, and for the sauing of his owne soule.
VIII. Rule. The man that would procure Gods blessing for the aug∣mentation, and conseruation of his store, both to him∣selfe & to his posterity, must shew himselfe thankful to God in blessing & praising him for his benefites, and in giuing vnto God that which is Gods, to wit, first fruites & tithes vnto his Friests, and like∣wise in giuing vnto Caesar that which is Caesars. That is to say, he must giue vnto the prince (but chief∣ly if he be a Christian Prince) as being Gods great Minister and Deputy for the good gouernment of his people, be they Ecclesiasticall or secular persons, a pro∣portionable proportion of his goods, tribute, & sub∣sidie, whensoeuer he standeth in need. And this ought each one to do with all possible good will, readinesse, and cheerfulnes of mind, without grudging resist∣ing, and rebelling, loue we our wealth neuer so well.
IX. Rule. A man, to whom God hath giuen riches and store, ought to take his owne part thereof cheerefully, so long as hee enioyeth the same: yet so that in the meane time hee keepe himselfe from all excesse in dyet, or apparrell; all intemperancy, luxurie, superfluity, drunkennesse, gluttony, and prodigality, least God punish the abuse of his benefits with penury and pouerty.
X. Rule. A man to whom God hath giuen riches and store, (though but in a meane measure) if hee would haue God to blesse him and it, both with increase and continuance, as hee ought to giue a part thereof cheerefully vnto the Prince, and another part vnto the priests, and take a third part for him∣selfe, so ought he charitably to impart a proportio∣nable part thereof to the poore, by lending or giuing to them according to his power, and their pouertie and need.
EXAMPLES OF DI∣uers regular Students in the Art of Enrichiching, which did all practise the Rules of this Art, and were blessed of God.
EXAMPLES OF SVCH As labouring to bee rich, were Irregulars; that is, did not study nor practise the Rules of this Art, and therefore haue beene both accursed, and punished of GOD.