Instructions for the warres. Amply, learnedly, and politiquely, discoursing the method of militarie discipline. Originally written in French by that rare and worthy generall, Monsieur William de Bellay, Lord of Langey, Knight of the order of Fraunce, and the Kings lieutenant in Thurin. Translated by Paule Iue, Gent.
Fourquevaux, Raimond de Beccarie de Pavie, baron de, 1509-1574., Ive, Paul., Du Bellay, Guillaume, 1491-1543,

How certaine number of horsemen should be ioyned vnto euery Legion

The 8. Chapter.

FOrasmuch as the Romanes in all their leuies of footmen, haue alwaies incorporated certaine number of horsemen with them, and that their perfect Legions consisted of these two manner of Souldiers; I thinke it also conuenient to ioyne some horsemen vnto the leuie of these newe Legionaries, which horsemen should bée incorporated with the Legions, and should bee with them at the generall musters, to exercise them∣selues together, and to learne the science of the warres one with another: for except that they should ioyntly practise themselues, it would not be possible that any one of these two sorts of peo∣ple should do good seruice: forasmuch as they both do make but one whole bodie, which ought to bee so compounded, that either of them should do seruice in their due time, and consequently e∣uery part of them. And if so be that this were done, you shal find that one intier Legion shall do more seruice then three other Le∣gions accompanied with a multitude of horsemen, whose foote∣men and horsemen do not vnderstand one another. Therefore it would not bee amisse that the King should ordaine, that cer∣taine of his ordinarie companies of horsemen should bee ioyned with these Legions, and be with them at the general muster: and that there should bee two Bands incorporated with euery Le∣gion, each of which Bands should haue 100. men of armes, one hundred light Horsemen, fiftie Hargoletiers or Scoutes, Page  56 and fiftie Harquebuziers. And if they were companies that the king did newly take vp, the most modest and most expert men should bée chosen for men of armes: and afterwards the other must bee preferred from degree to degree, accompting the light Horsemen before the Hargoletiers, and the Hargoletiers before the Harquebuziers; so that the Harquebuziers are the worst of these foure sortes of Horsemen. There must also a regard bée had vnto the errour that is committed at this day among our ordinarie bands: which is, that young men are made men of armes, which are but newly come from being pages, or from schoole. But for to haue these companies in better order thē they now are, it should bee necessarie to make an order, by which all young men aboue seauentéene yeare olde that would bee of the bandes of the Horsemen (not excepting one) vnlesse he were a Prince, should bee constrayned first to bee Harquebuziers two or three yeares, and afterwards they should be Hargoletiers as long, and after that light Horsemen: amongst which three sorts they might learne those things that were necessarie for euery good horsemen to knowe; and that before their departing from them they might passe the furie and fire of their youth, and be∣come colde and modest to gouerne themselues wisely amongst men of armes, with whome they should bee constrayned to serue the space of three or foure yeares without discharging, and that time being expired, if they were bound to finde a man of armes by the tenour of their lands, they should then bee exemp∣ted from the ordinarie bands, and goe home vnto their owne houses, to bee readie as often as they should be commaunded. This rule ought generally to be kept, with all those that should employ themselues among the ordinarie bands, although they were of greater age: for otherwise the seruice of the Rierban, which the gentlemen of Fraunce, do owe vnto the King, would in short space come to nothing: which at this instant, as may be seene, is brought into very lowe estate. And the reason is, that euery man will bee of the ordinarie bands of men of armes, to be excused from the Rierban; so that the gouernours that were wont to make fiue or sixe hundred men of armes of the Rier∣ban, can hardly now bring one hundred together: and those Page  57 also if they should come to the muster, would be so ill furnished, that it is a mockery to sée them in so poore estate. But may this seruice be had in more contempt? when as those which are sub∣iect to this dutie, and which do not excuse themselues by the ordinarie Bands, exempt their owne persons, and send some seruant in their places, whereas héeretofore all the principall of Fraunce thought it a great honor for them to be there in per∣son: notwithstanding at this instant, not only the greater sort, but the lesser would thinke to be dishonored, if they should ap∣peare at the Muster. And therefore those that are bound vnto this seruice, do put themselues into the ordinarie bands, to be frée of the Rierban: and as they cannot all be there, so it is also that the greatest part do finde some excuse to exempt them∣selues: and if so be that their excuse be not receiuable, they will then come so euill furnished, and with so ill a will, that it is impossible that they should do the King good seruice, which is an occasion that the Nobilitie is no more estéemed as it was wont to be: but if so be it were mainteined as it hath béen in times past, it is certaine that we should be mutch more feared of our enemyes then we now are: moreouer, the King should not be charged with the mainteining of so many Horssemen as he is, but might discharge more then the one halfe of his ordina∣rie Bands, to conuert that money, for the maintenance of cer∣tayne ordinarie Bands of footemen. Moreouer, the King should compell hys Nobilitie to furnish themselues better for the warres then they are: and forbid them rather their pompe, then to suffer a Gentleman of Fraunce to be an ill horsseman, ill armed, and ill practised: and to that end should ordaine, that the Rierban should muster in armes twice a yeare at the least: and there should be certaine seueare men appointed to take the view of those Musters, who ought to let none passe, but the persons themselues which are bound to this seruice, except they were Magistrates, or sicke men, for they are excusable, princi∣pally the Magistrates. But for the sicke men, although they be exempted for their persons, yet must they shew their furniture, and for default thereof, their lands should be seazed vpon imme∣diatly, as well as theirs that are in health, and do not appeare, Page  58 or as those that do appeare not mounted, or furnished in armes, according to their charge. Moreouer, it should be necessary to punish all those that are not practised, so that they might be an example vnto all those that are negligent to mount, arme, & to practice themselues as they ought to do: this doing, the King should restore his Nobilitie, & make an excellent Chiualrie. And to the intent ye Gentlemen should not excuse themselus through the great dearth that we haue of Horsse in Fraunce, the King should cause some good & faire broode of Horsses & Mares to be brought frō other Countreys, and afterwards distribute them vnto the Prelats, & Gouernours, & vnto men of great Benefi∣ces, to haue a great brood within the Realme, whereof the said Prelats & their successors should be bound to giue an accoumpt yearely, & to cause the said Mares to be ordered & cherished as they ought to be, and their Colts to be managed at their owne proper charges; by this means I would not doubt to sée France in short time better furnished with Horsse, then any neighbour she hath, besides, their maintenance should cost the King no∣thing: and it would be an occasion that the said Prelats should do the common wealth of Fraunce some seruice, whereas at this day they do stand it but in little stead (I meane those that are busie with the world, and not with the Church) and whē as the King would pursse vp again the money that the Mares and Stallions had cost him, he might do it, giuing the best Horsse ye might be taken out of the Raunges vnto his men of armes ill mounted, rebating it vpon their wages, causing the rest to be sould: and to find buiers, he might ordaine, that no man of what condition soeuer he were, should kéep Moyle, Sumpter-horsse, or Hackney, if he kéepe not likewise a good Horsse, or if he kept but one Horsse to ride vpon, the same might be fit for ye warres. Moreouer, it might be forbidden that no man should wear silke, except he kept a good Horsse. And in mine opinion, the number of those yt desire to be ritchly clad, is so great, that I knowe not if there would be horsses found inough in 6. realmes for to fur∣nish thē: wherefore there is no doubt to be made, but that there would be buiers inow, how great aboundance soeuer ther were of horsses: besides, the Rierban would néede a great many, so that if these things had place, and furthermore that it were per∣mitted Page  59 euery man to kéep a brood that would, we should sée hors∣ses sould so good cheape in Fraunce, that we might haue more reason to thinke thē rather to be giuen then sould; which would be an occasion that the men of armes (which dare not abandon nor hazard thēselues in places where their Horsses may either be slaine or lost, more then they néeds must, séeing them to be so ill to be recouered) would put on their ould vertue, & shew thē∣selues to be others then at this day they are estéemed to be, and it would make mē to be better cheape then the horses are at this instant. Moreouer, if the King would that his horssemen should make lesse accompt of their liues, and haue horsses better cheap then if they should buy them, he might furnish them at the first, & as often as they lack horsses, so yt their horsses were slaine in fight, or lost by any inconuenient, & not through their owne de∣fault; for in this case they should be bound to put so many o∣thers in their places, and to giue an accompt of them at theyr muster: and if so be that they would discharge themselues, or yt they should be discharged, they should then be bound to restore the horses which the King had giuen thē, if they were aliue, and hauing lost thē through their owne negligence, they should be bound to buy others in their places, as good as they were. The like also should be done whē as ye Harquebusiers should become Hargoletiers, or the Hargoletiers light horsemen, & light hors∣men men of armes, that euery man should leaue the horsse that had bin deliuered to him by the King, vnto him that should suc∣céede in his place: for I suppose that a man of armes hath neede of a stronger horsse then a light horseman, and a light horseman a stronger then a hargoletier, and a hargoletier stronger then a harquebusier. And therfore there ought to be broods of diuers sorts of horsses, as Coursers of Naples & of Flanders for men of armes, and Turks, Valacks, Polacks, Coruaks, and horsse of Spaine for light horssemen, Barbares, Moores, & small horsses of Spayne for Hargoletiers, and the least might be chosen out of all these for the harquebusiers, so that they were light and quick. But this tale hath laited long inough, let vs therefore re∣turne vnto the Rierbans, & let vs say, yt in their goings & com∣mings frō their musters, they would begger ye commō people, if they were suffered to liue at their own discretiōs, and to kéepe Page  60 the féeld without paiment, as they do at this present. In consi∣deration whereof, it should be necessary to ordaine that theyr charges should be borne by the Nobilitie, & not by the common people: and that the musters should sometimes be made in the midst of the Prouinces, sometime in one place, and sometime in another, so that ye Gentlemen who are far from the place where the muster is kept at one time, might be neerer at another, to the intent that no man should be more charged, nor eased then other. But this is not that yt I would speake of, yet I thought good to touch it in passing. But to returne vnto that I spake of yong men, that they should be harquebusiers a horssebacke be∣fore that they attaine to be Hargoletiers, and be Hargoletiers before that they become light horssemen, and should spend some time in these thrée estates, before they should attaine to be men of armes. And to speake somewhat of those that do finde this tearme to be too long, and to take away all hope from them that would thinke to come vnto this last estate by fauour or other∣wise, except it be that their turnes do come, or that they should be aduanced for some vertuous acte: I am of opinion that none should leape from the one of these estates vnto another, but that he should follow them one after another their full time, or else that he should neuer attaine to any charge, nor beare office a∣mong mē of armes, nor likewise haue any other estate, or royall office, so that the Gentlemen should kéepe themselus to serue in the Rierban, and of this order would many proffits proceede, for first of all yong men would giue themselues more vnto the exercise of armes then they do: moreouer, the bands would be filled with better men then they are at this day, and there would be no man in yt ordinary bands, who were mounted to the estate of a man of armes, but he should be able to gouerne a good charge; and therefore it would be a rich treasure to haue com∣panies of horssemen in Fraunce, whose men of armes were able to conduct themselues and others. Finally, the offices & estates appertaining vnto the warres, as Stewardships, Prouosts, Maiors, Castellins, & other offices of commaundement, which are in the Kings gift, should be mutch better imployed vppon these men, and be better executed by them, then they may be by Page  61 those that neuer saw any thing, or that had neuer done him ser∣uice. But let vs passe further, the hundred men of armes, and the other horssemen distributed as is aforesaid, should be put vnder the charge of a Captaine, who should haue vnder him a Lieutenant, an Ensigne bearer, and a Guydon (as we haue at this instant) the men of armes should follow the Ensigne, and the light horsse, hargoletiers, & harquebusiers, should follow the Guidon: these four Chiefes, or members, should be more then ye 100. men of armes. Moreouer, they must haue a Marshall to lodge them, & to deuide their quarters. They must haue also 2. harbingers, & certaine Trompets ouer and aboue this number. And as I haue appointed amongst the footemen certaine perti∣cular Chiefs, so also there must be some appointed amongst the horssemen, but not of so many sorts: for it will suffice that the horssemen should haue ouer euery nine a Chiefe, who shalbe the tenth man, & shall be called the Decurion. Furthermore, there shall be a Chiefe ouer the Hargoletiers, and another ouer the Harquebusiers, who shalbe called by the name of Benderal, al∣though the Italians do vnderstand by this word their Ensigne bearers, for I will help my self with this tearme, to signifie the Chiefes of these small bands, who likewise may be called Con∣ductors, and they shalbe ouer and aboue their number, & vnder the charge of the Captaine, and of his members, and officers as well as the others. Wherefore in a company of legionarie men of armes, there shalbe 309. horssemen, besides the Trompets; euery one of these horssemen shall be armed according vnto his charge: for the men of armes shall be better armed then the light horssemen: and the light horssemen better then the Hargoletiers or harquebusiers. First of all the men of armes shall be armed with soulleretz, whole grefues, cuisses, curets with tasses, gor∣get, pouldrons, vambraces, gauntlets, helmet with beuer, gos∣sets, & great pieces: all which I haue specified perticularly, be∣cause of the men of armes at this present, who will be called mē of armes, and notwithstanding are armed and furnished but like vnto light horssemen: and you knowe that a man that is armed light, shall neuer do the effect that a man may do that is well ar∣med, who can not be hurt by hand-strokes, where as the light horsseman is subiect vnto blowes vpon many parts of his body, Page  62 because that his harnesse is not so heauie, nor so sure as the men of armes ought for to be, and not without cause, for the paines that a light horsseman and other light armed ought to take, there is no man able to indure with a complet harnesse, nor horsse able to carry him: but as for the men of armes, who are appointed to abide firmely the assaults of their enemies, and not to runne from the one side to the other, may be laden with heauie harnesse; and to carry sutch a waight, they ought to haue strong and great horsses, for besides this, the horsses must be barbed. These men of armes ought to haue arming swords by their sides, a mase hanging at their saddle pomell: their launces must be strong and of a reasonable length, their coates must be of the collour of their Ensigne, the which as also the Guidon, ought to be of the same collour that the Ensignes of the foote∣men of the same Legion are. The light horssemen must be good souldiers, and armed with curets, & tasses that shall reach to the knée, with gauntlets, vambraces, and large pouldrons, and with a strong and close head-péece, the sight being cut; their cassaks shall be of the collour of their Ensigne: they must carry a broad sword by their sides, a mase at the pomels of their saddle, and a launce of good length in their fist. The Hargoletiers shall be armed like vnto the light horsemen, sauing vpon their armes; in stead of vambraces and gauntlets, they shall haue sléeues and gloues of male, a broade sword by their sides, their mases at the pomels of their sadles, & a Iaueline in their hands of 10. or 12. foote long, headed at both ends with a sharpe head, or may carry a launce as the others: their garmēts vpon their harnesse ought to be very short, without sléeues, and of the collour abouesaid. These hargoletiers may serue for skirmishes, & may do great murdre with their Iauelins among vnarmed men & horsses, & when as they would set foot on ground, they might do the same seruice that Pikemen do: and if they do carry launces, they may vse them as others do. The harquebusiers shall likewise be well mounted, & their armour shalbe like vnto the Hargoletiers, ex∣cept the head-péece: for they only shal haue Murrions, to the in∣tent to sée the better round about them, & to haue their heads at more liberty, a sword by their sides, a mase at the pomell of their saddles on the one side, and a harquebusse in a case of leather on Page  63 the other, which must be made fast that it stirre not: which har∣quebusse may be 2. foote and a halfe, or 3. foote long, or rather more so it be light: their coates shalbe of the same fashion and collour that the Hargoletiers are. The harquebusiers wages in time of peace, may be 3. crownes a month, the hargoletiers 4. the light horsemen 5. and the men of armes 7. The Decurions of men of armes ought to haue somewhat more wages then a simple man of armes, and ye Decurions of light horsemen more then an ordinary man, and so likewise the others: which wages may be augmēted or doubled in time of warres, if that I speake of be thought to be too little. Touching the estate of Chiefes & members, it might continue such as it is at this instant, but the Marshals must be raised, and the Harbingers ought to haue as much as the light horsemen, and the Trompets as mutch as ye hargoletiers: & as for ye 2. conductors, they should haue as much as the Decurions amongst mē of armes, and if so be that their wages were paid to thē at the end of euery 3. moneths, or at the Legion his passing muster, it should not be greatly néedfull to put them into garrison in time of peace, as we are accustomed to do in Fraunce: for that I do thinke this wages to be sufficiēt to maintaine them at home or else-where, without oppressing the people through great charge. For what garrison soeuer they haue, or how long so euer they do continue in it, you sée not that they do the King any whit yt better seruice whē the warres come, then if they neuer had bin there. I do not say, but if that they did vse it in yt sort that it ought to be vsed, that it were not well done to kéepe the bands in garrison alwayes, to vse & ex∣ercise their armes together: but at this day the greatest part of horssemen do make their proffites of their garrisons, as the Merchants do of their merchandise, and there is almost no dif∣ference, but that the Merchants do sell their commoditie vnto the first that do offer thē reason for it: & the horssemē do compell the people to buy the victuals which the King doth ordaine for their maintenance, at such prices as they will themselues, so yt their dealing is rather a manifest raunsome, then a merchan∣dise. And albeit that they should be exempted from garrison, it must be ordeined yt the bands should méete together at generall musters, mounted, & armed according to ye order, & that betwixt Page  64 the musters they should exercise themselues at home: or if they should be lodged in garrison, to make them to be longer resident then they are: and also that the Captaines themselues should kéepe in garrison, as they did in the time of King Lewes the 11. at which time the horssemen of Fraunce caryed the name aboue all other, as well for their readinesse, as for their furniture: not for their readinesse in dauncing after diuers fashions, (and yet a daunce that a man might profit by, were not to be disliked) nor likewise for trimming vp thēselues minion-like, nor for stuffing themselues with féeldbeds, or with diuers sorts of garments, for then there was no accompt made, but of him that handled and rid a horsse well, & that did run with a launce, fight best with the sword, wrastled, lept, threw the bar, & vaulted better then other; was most estéemed, & he also had the praise aboue his compa∣nions that was mounted & armed better then they, so that there were few horssemen but they were mounted with 3. or 4. great horsse at least, and one of them, or all were barbed. As for their persons, they were wiser then to destroy thēselues with appar∣rell, as Gentlemen do at this day, but they were armed lyke S. George, & as full of Crownes, as dogs are of fleas. Fur∣thermore, they should be forbidden to sell their aforesaid garri∣sons, or their victuals appointed, and to take vp other prouision then that which the King doth ordaine. I vnderstand that this was forbidden them not long since, but whether these horsemen be in garrison or not, they must exercise themselus to be nimble, to haue their bodies to be at ease in their harnesse, & accustome thēselues therevnto, for ye necessities that may happen: for som∣times it may so fall out, that the horsemen shalbe constrained to trauaile a long way a foote, wherevnto if they were not accusto∣med, they could not indure the waight of their harnesse, nor do their indeuour at a fight. Moreouer, they should exercise them∣selues to mount a horseback armed with all their peeces, & the launce in their fist, & to light without help, aduantage, or stirrup, and therefore it should be necessary for thē to haue some horse of wood, to exercise themselues vpon, at the least one houre in a day, that they might be ready to mount & light at the first signe the Captaine should make thē. Furthermore, they should exer∣cise to passe great riuers a horseback & armed, & also to climb the Page  65 hardest and raggedst mountaines that are, and to runne or to go downe them in great haste, principally the Harquebusiers, Hargoletiers, and likewise the light Horssemen. As for the men of armes, they must continue fyrme, and must not serue for the purposes that they doe at this daye: but should be as a Fort to resit all assaults, and to ouerthrow and breake all those whom they should assaile, but because of the runnings and skir∣mishes wherein they are ordinarily imployed, which are fyghts wherein oft times of force a man must slie in steed of tarying by it, they haue learned to shew their heeles: and therefore it is necessary that men of armes should be forbidden frō skirmishes and from all other places where it should be requisite to flie, and and where they should spoile their Horsses and doe no seruice. The Baron of Gramont, who died in ye voyage to Naples, wil∣led that men of armes should neuer be imploied in these lyght fights, except it were when as a battell should bee fought throughly: for that they had learned by the custome and order of skirmishes, to turne their backes vnto their enimies, without feare of reproche, and to speake truth, a Skirmish is a seruice that appertaineth better vnto light Horssemen then vnto them: and for the same purpose onely are the light Horssemen appoin∣ted. But I would haue them to be exempted from all other ser∣uices aswell as men of armes: and that the Hargoletiers and Harquebusiers should be skoutes, and serue for discoueries and skirmishes, and keepe company with the light Horssemen in all places: and that the light Horssemen should serue to back them, and the men of armes to be the cheefe force. For to speake that I thinke concerning the exercises the Horssemen ought to doo, I say fyrst that the Harquebusers should exercise their Har∣quebuses, and practise to shoote sure with both handes, and to discharge bothe forward and backward, their horsses running, and also to light to keepe a straight, as Harquebusiers a foote should do. The Hargoletiers ought to vse their Iauelings with both hands, sometime vsing it one way and sometime another, or as is abouesaid, but if they doe carrye launces, they must vse them as other men do. The lyght Horssemen should practise to ride well, to manadge a Horsse, and to run well with a launce, Page  66 to vse their swords and mases when they shall bee needfull, the men of armes must doo the like, all which Horssemen ought to haue iudgement in all the deseases that belong vnto a Horsse for to find remedy therefore: and it would be for their credit if they could bit and shooe them, to haue no lacke of any smal point belonging vnto their occupation. These Horssemen armed and practised as is abouesayd, must be at the muster with the Legi∣on to exercise themselues together, if it were but to knowe and to be acquainted one with another. As for the Horssemens lodg∣ing and baggage, must be aswel entrenched as the footmens, but they must bring as little with them as they may possible, and that they doo bring must neither trouble nor lade them in going vnto the muster. They must liue vpon their owne purses, with∣out taking any thing from other men, and must marche all day armed in good order, kéeping watch at night: and when it is day, before that they doo dislodge, the Captaine shall send out Skouts to discouer the passages vpon the way where the com∣panie shall passe. And this charge shall be giuen vnto certaine Decurions of Harquebusiers, and of Hargoletiers, who shall be followed with certaine Decurions of light Horsmen to succour them: after whom the baggage may marche, & then the Horsmē; & after them the men of armes, & if it were thought to be better to put the baggage behinde then before, it may be done, & behind it shall ye rest of the Hargoletiers & Harquebusiers follow. The rankes of euery one of them in marching through the countrie, shalbe of whole Decuries, except the way be too narrow. In the manner beforesayde may euery band of Horssemen marche in their going and comming from the muster: but before they come thither, the Marshall and the Harbingers shall goe before to prouide their quarter, which shalbe ioining vnto the footmens, and they both together shall lodge in Campe, in this manner following.

Page  67

[illustration] [diagram of military camp]
The forme of a Campe 660. paces square, for to lodge a Legion of footmen of 12. bands, with two bands of Horsemen, each band contayning 100. men of armes, 100. light Horse∣men, 50. Hargoletiers, and 50. Harquebusiers.

EAST.
NORTH.
SOVTH.
WEST.
This space betwixt the trenches and the lodgings must be 60. paces broad, to practise the Souldiers, and to range them in Battaile.
[illustration]
For sixe bands of footmen.
[illustration]
One Deccurie Of mē of arms. The Ensigne.
Two Decuries Of light horse. The Guydon.
A streat 40. paces broad.
The Captaine.
Two Decuries Of Hargoleters.
2. Conductors.
2. Decuries of Harquebusiers.
One Ducurie Of mē of armes. The Lieutenāt.
[illustration]
Horsemen as aboue.
[illustration]
For sixe bands of footmen.

Streates of 310. paces long and 60. paces broad for merchāts & artificers.
For the 40 Colonell.

Page  68The horsemens quarter, must bee square euerie way 240. pases. For the iust deuiding, whereof you must first seeke out the verie midst of the place, and there make a square, to lodge the Captaine which shall be euerie way 20. pases. From this square, draw a line eastward, which shalbe 110. pases long, and afterwarde draw two other lines frō the said lodging one ether side of the first line one, which shall bee equall vnto it in length and equedistant vnto it 20. pases, and from eache other 40. pa∣ses: which breadth shall conteine the Captaine his lodging in the midst of it, and shall serue for a streate. On the other side of the Captaine, his lodging west ward: shall three other lines be drawne of like length and breadth that the abouesaid are, for to make another streete like vnto the first. The like shall be done towards the South and North Regions: so that there shall bee fower streets, and at the end of euerie streete, there must be a gate or bare of a reasonable breadth. All this quarter should be inclosed with a smale trench which may bee made by the ser∣uants of the cōpany, & thus I would fortifie ye Horsemens quar∣ter, that they might rest the safer, and be the surer from theeues that might steale away their horses, as we see often done, when that footemen may come amongst horsemen. The space com∣prised within this smale trenche, and betwixt the fower streets, deuided into fower smale quarters, euerie one of which contey∣neth 100. pases square, shall bee to lodge the horsemen in: to wit the men of armes in those two places that are betwixt the Easte and South streete, and betwixt the Northe and West streetes. The space which is betwixt the East and North streete shall be to lodge the light horsemen; and betwixt the Southe and West streetes shall the Hargoletiers & Harquebusiers lodge. In the Captaine his quarter, shall the Marshall, Harbengers, and Trumpes bee lodged: and the two conductors shall lodge in the quarters of the Hargoletiers, & Harquebusiers. The Guidō shal lie amongst the light horsemen and the Ensignes shall lodge in one of the quarters of the men of armes, and the Lieutenant in the other, concerning the deuision of the fower quarters, it shall be after this manner: that is euery one shalbe deuided into fiue partes, eache of which partes, shall contayne 100. pases in Page  69 length, and 16. in breadth: and betwixt euerie two of this pla¦ces there shall be a streate left of 5. paces in breadth, eache one of these places shall haue roomth inough to lodge 100. horse and more. Moreouer there may be raysed ten great tents, along the same, if the men of armes will euerie man haue his tente, as for the other they shall lodge two and two together. The places which are in the men of armes quarter, wil euerie one easely re∣ceiue a whole Decury of men of armes: and in the places in the other two quarters may lodge two Decuries of light horsmen, Halgolbetiers, and Harquebusiers at ease.