The necessary placing of a Forte
The 1. Chapter.
THE reason that moued men first to enclose their Cities and other habitations with walles, was, to be assured from enemies, and that a small number might defende themselues from the violence and oppressi∣ons of a great, wherein their first practise extended no farther then the preseruation of priuate estates, vntill such time as it was considered, yt not only perticuler places, but also the generall estate of a Kingdome, Prouince, or Countrey, might be defended, by placing of walled Townes, Castels, and Fortresses, vpon the edge and borders of the same; of such sufficient strength and greatnesse, as that in time of peace, they might be kept with a fewe men, and vppon a surmize of warre, receiue a greater number, by whome the ene∣mye borderer should not only be anoyed in his Countrey, and hindered to enter vppon the lands of his neighbours so frontierd with any small power vpon the suddaine: but bringing any great army, be constrained not to passe the Fort without subduing it, for auoiding the great mischiefe he might receiue of so noysome an enemy left behinde him, which to inuade, would aske great charge, time, and trauell, besides the danger that might happen. In placing of which Fortresses, two things are chiefely to be considered of, the necessitie, and the scituation: for as a Forte not placed where it were néedefull, might skantly be accompted for frontier; so hauing no benefit of Page 2 the place it standeth in, it might hardly be reckoned for for∣tresse, so that the one must helpe the other to the best effect that may be.
A Fort therefore that shall serue for a frontier, must bée set néere the walled Townes, Castels, and frontiers of the enemy borderer, or néere other places where an enemy may make any suddaine assembly of people in hys Countrey: ha∣uing the way from thence commodious to enter vppon the lands of his neighbours, and the retreate good, and vppon the Seacoasts at Hauens and Roades, where a Fléete of Ships may be harboured, and haue commodious landing: in which places, because the grounds may be of diuers natures for this purpose, I will shewe the manner of fortifieng in all sorts of grounds, and the commodities and discommodities that a fort may haue of the place where it standeth in.