A compend of the controversies of religion wherin the trueth is confirmed, and errour convinced, by authoritie of Scripture, witnessing of antiquitie, and confession of partie. Most necessary for all, in this backe-slyding age. By W.G. minister of God's word.
Guild, William, 1586-1657.
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§. 2. That the Pope is not the Head or hus∣band, and foundation of the Church, as the Papists holde, (Bellarm. lib. 2. de pontif. cap. 31.) and there∣fore that all men are not bound to bee subject to him.

1. Authoritie of Scripture.

EPhes. 5.23.For the Hus∣band is the Head of the Wife, even as Christ is the Head of the Church, and is the Saviour of the Bodie.

Note then, That as an Husband will bee onlie Head, and haue no substitute in his place, with his wife, vnder him: no more will Christ (who is a jealous God) haue anie other Head, or Hus∣band over His Church, vnder Himselfe.

Note also, That hee that is the head of his Church, is the saviour of the bodie: which seeing the Pope dare not take vpon him, neither should he the stile of head, that doth import the same.


Eph. 4.4.There is but one bodie: Therefore but one head. Where note, That the Church is not a perfect bodie, having an head of its own, beside Christ; Page  61 but Christ and His Church maketh vp a perfect bodie; Hee beeing the onelie Head, and the Church His Members.

2. Cor. 11.2.For I haue es∣poused you to one Husband, that I may present you as a chaste Virgine to Christ.

Note, That hee sayeth to one, and not to two; for so the Church should not bee thought a chaste spouse to Christ onelie.


Iohn 3.29.Hee that hath the Bryde, is the Brydegrome: but the friend of the Brydegrome, who stan∣deth and hareth him, rejoyceth with •…oy for the voyce of the Brydegrome.

Note, That Iohn maketh one onelie Brydegrome, as there is one onelie Bryde: and, that none can bee called Brydegrome, but that one, who oweth the Byde: hee him-selfe (altho the grea∣•…est amongst the sonnes of women) and •…ll others, beeing but friendes onelie of •…he Brydegromes, but not having right •…o the Bryde her-selfe.


1. Cor. 3.11. For other Foun∣dation can no man lay, beside that which is layde, which is CHRIST IESVS.
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Ephes. 2.20.Built vpon the foundations of the Apostles & Pro∣phets, Iesus Christ Himselfe being the chiefe corner stone.

Note then, That anie one, can never be called the foundation of the Church, but Christ alone: and as for others, the whole Prophets and Apostles are called so in common, in respect of their doctrine, and not of their persons: and they onlie themselues are so, but neither one of them aboue the rest, nor yet anie successour.

2. Witnessing of Antiquitie.

TO this our doctrine, that the Pope is not the head, husband, and foun∣dation of the Church, testifieth Antiqui∣tie: It is Satanicall pryde (sayeth Grego∣rie) by an arrogant title of Head, to sub∣ject so all Christs members to one man, which doe coheyre to one onelie head, Christ Iesus allanerlie. lib. 4. ep. 36. where hee showeth also the stile of Ʋni∣versall Bishop, to bee alyke Satanicallie prowde, and altogether Antichristian•… which he, nor none of his predecessours, would ever accept, nor vse. Adde heere∣vnto likewise the decree of that famou•… Councell of Chalcedon, against vniversall supremacie, Concil. Chalc. Act. 16. Next, for the title of Husband: if thou bee the friend of the Brydegroome (sayeth Ber∣nard. Page  63 Epist. 237.) call not his beloved spouse, thy chiefe one, but his; challen∣ging nothing as proper to thee over her: ex∣cept it bee that if necessitie so require, thou oughtest to giue thy lyfe for her: and if Christ haue sent thee, thinke that thou art not come to bee served, but to serue.

3. Confession of Partie.

ANd last, for the stile of Foundation: When in holie Scripture (sayth Pope Gregorie) in the singular number a foun∣dation is spoken of, there is none other designed to be such, but Christ Himselfe allanerlie, in 38. Iob. cap. 9.