Ievves in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that race. With the removall of some contrary reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them Christian.
Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669.

CHAP. V. To the English here, and first in behalfe of the Planters there.

THey should have our hearts and love for many reasons, How many felicities did they forsake, both of the right hand, and of the left, in respect of estate, friends, and the comfort of their owne native soile? It was said by the Prophet, Weepe for him that goeth out, for hee shall returne no more to see his owne Coun∣trey, Jer. 22. 20. besides, that dulcis amor patriae, how many hazards did they runne into by dangerous and te∣dious sea-voyages? they were exposed to divers certaine inconveniences, not only in regard of externalls, change of aire, diet, &c. but change of men especially, having little security, because they were in daily dread of In∣dian trechery, which might then fall upon them, when they supposed it most remote; they have also left more roome at home, of which wee were wont to have more need than company, which encreased so fast, that Page  78 wee were ready to extrude one another; and by them we have more strength abroad, because transplanted co∣lonies a be domestique fortifications, though they have been invented sometimes, and used to abate popu∣lar undertakings, but I meane it in the Roman interpre∣tation, the Nations where they fix, are reduced by de∣grees to their fashions, lawes, and commands: yet some have unnaturally followed those our Countrey men with reproaches, accounting them so base, as not wor∣thy to be set with the dogs of their flocke, as one to them applyed that of Job 30. 1.

To the Westerne Plantation indeed, at first men of meane condition generally resorted, but soon after peo∣ple of better ranke followed; divers of good families, and competent estates went into Virginia, and setled in some Islands thereabouts, but because those of New-England pretended more to Religion than the rest, they are more loaden with uncivill language, but most inju∣riously; for the transplanting Novangles were many of them severally eminent, some of noble extract, di∣vers Gentlemen descended from good Families; their first Charter mentions three Knights, among other * men of worth; and it seemes their example, or some∣what else was like to prevaile with many others of no meane condition, so that eleven of the then Privy Counsell directed their letters in December, one thou∣sand six hundred thirty foure, to the Warden of the Cinque ports, taking notice that severall persons went over with their families, and whole estates, forbidding subsidy men, or of the value of subsidy men to be im∣barqued without speciall licence and attestation of their taking the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, sub∣mission also to the Orders and discipline of the Page  79 Church of England: And three yeeres after, viz. one thousand six hundred thirty seven, a proclamation issu∣ed from the King to the same purpose, and in the same words.

Others instead of affections and hearts, sling darts after them, and say, they are gone out from us indeed, but they were not of us, 1 Joh. 2. 19. neither liking our do∣ctrine nor governement. Yet surely they differ not at all from us in Religion, witnesse our owne confession and their profession; and for the first, our learned men have continually acknowledged the Puritans to consent with them in Doctrinalls, Archbishop Sandsb in his Sermon before Queene Elizabeth more than once asserteth this, We have here saith he, to praise our God, that in publique doctrine touching the substance of re∣ligion wee all agree in one truth, the greater pitty it is we should so much dissent in matters of small impor∣tance, in rites and circumstanees; the Puritanicall er∣rors did not at all oppose any part of our Religion, but it continued most sound even to the dying day of that most renowned Princess, saith he that c analysed our thirty nine Articles, and so printed them by authority; and King Iamesd averreth the like of his Scottish Puritans, We all God be thanked agree in the grounds, and after his reception of this Crowne, hee calls e the English Puritan a Sect rather than a Religion; and in his Declaration against Vorstiusf hee joyneth his Churches of great Britaine with those of France and Germany, opposing them all against Vorstius, Ber∣tius, and the Arminians; Notwithstanding the Discipli∣narian quarrell saith g Bishop Andrewes, we have the same faith, the Cardinall is deceived, or deceiveth, in using the word Puritans, as if they had another Religi∣on Page  80 differing from that publiquely professed, and this hath been the unanimous asseveration of English Bi∣shops, and other learned Divines, as were easie abun∣dantly to declare. But themselves have spared us that labour, by their constant acknowledgement thereof; Mr. Rogersh in his forecited Analysis, produceth their owne writings to this purpose, and what one of them can be named that refused subscription to those 39 Articles in reference to matters of Doctrine; Mr. Browne tis thought, went as farre astray as any here, yet I have seen his owne i hand declaring at that time his allowance of all those Synodicall Articles; and lest any should imagine the Novangles differing from us in dogmaticall truths, besides many, very many prin∣ted bookes testifying their concurrence with us herein, beside divers private Letters, that subscribed by the Governour and principall assistants sufficiently mani∣fests their judgement and affection, wherein they desire to be accounted our brethren, and implore our prayers; adding, howsoever our charity may have met with some discouragements through the misreport of our intenti∣ons, or through disaffection, or indiscretion of some a∣mong us, for wee dreame not of perfection in this world, yet would you be pleased to take notice of the principall and body of this Company, as those that are not ashamed to call the Church of England our deare Mother, and cannot part from her without teares in our eyes, but shall ever acknowledge that such part and hope as we have obtained in the common salvation, we recei∣ved it in her bosome, and sucked it from her breasts, &c.

From South-Hampton.

  • Iohn Winthrop, Governour.
  • Rich: Saltonstall.
  • Tho: Dudly, &c.