Ievves in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that race. With the removall of some contrary reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them Christian.
Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669.

CHAP. X. The successe of the Novangles in Gospellizing the Indians.

THE Reader here shall have a Breviate inviting him to peruse those larger discourses, printed * on purpose to raise our hearts in lifting up the high praises of God, that hath given this grace unto men.

First Treatise.

FOure of the English, having sought God, went a∣mong the Indians, Octo. 28. 1646. to make knowne Page  105 the things of their peace, they were conducted into the principall Wigwam of Waaubon, their chiefe minister of justice, who like another Cornelius, Act. 10. 24. had called together many men, women, and children to hear and learne, they began with prayer in English, not for want of language, but to shew them the duty was sa∣cred, and that wee might agree together in the same * heart-sorrowes for them, even in that place where God was never wont to be called upon: It was an affecting spectacle, after prayer, to see a company of forlorne outcasts diligently attending upon the word of salvati∣on, which in the space of an houre and a quarter disco∣vered to them the grounds of Religion, repeating, ex∣pounding, and applying the ten Commandements, then preaching Jesus Christ the onely meanes of reco∣very from sinne and wrath, perswading them to repen∣tance for severall sinnes which they live in. Wee next * asked them if they understood what was spoken, which they affirmed with many voices, and then wee desired to know if they would propound any questions to us, for their further satisfaction, and this they did, but not such curiosities as some others of them had done before, as, what was the cause of thunder, of the ebbing and flowing of the sea, of the wind: no, the wisdome of God directed * them to aske, How wee may come to know Iesus Christ? one of them after wee had answered, said, hee was praying in his Wigwam to Christ that hee would give him a new heart, but another Indian interrupted him, saying, * hee prayed in vaine, because Christ understood not what Indians speake in prayer, as not being acquainted with their language, his question therefore was, Whe∣ther Iesus Christ did understand the prayers of Indians? a∣nother demanded, if English men were once so ignorant of*Page  106Christ as themselves? and how can there be an image of God, seeing it is forbiden in the second Commandement? If the father be bad, and the child good, will God be offen∣ded with that child? for tis said in the second commande∣ment, hee will visit the sinnes of the fathers upon the chil∣dren? How is all the world become so full of people, being all*were once drowned in the floud?

Wee then asked them three questions. 1. If they * did not desire to see God, and if they were not tempted to thinke there was no God, because they could not see him? some of them replyed they did indeed desire to see him, but we had taught them that could not be, yet they believed, though their eyes could not see him, hee was to be seen with their soules within. 2. Wee as∣ked if it were not strange to them there should be but one God, yet this God should be in Massachusets, Co∣nectacut, Quimipenik, in old England, in this Wigwam, in the next, every where? It is strange one of them said, as all else is we hear preached; yet they thought it might * be true that God was so big every where. 3. Whether they did not finde something troubling them within af∣ter the commission of sinne, as murther, adultery, theft, lying, &c. they confest the trouble, but could not tell what to say to it, he therefore that first spake to them concluded with a dolefull description (as far as his language permitted) of the trembling condition of e∣very soule that dies in sinne, and shall be cast out of fa∣vour from God. Having thus spent three houres, wee asked them if they were not weary, they said no, wee resolved to leave them with an appetite; the chiefe of them seeing us conclude with prayer, desired to know when wee wou'd come againe, wee appointed the time, gave the children some Apples, and the men Page  107 what was at hand, they asked more ground to build a Towne together, which wee liked well, and promising our furtherance for them at the Generall Court, wee departed with many welcomes from them.

November 11. 1646, Wee came againe to the same * Wigwam, there was a greater concourse, and seats pro∣vided for us, wee began againe with prayer in English, and then catechized the younger sort, wee asked them * onely three questions in their own language. 1. Who made you and all the world? 2. Who shall save you from sinne and hell? 3. How many commandements hath God given you to keepe? The Preacher then pro∣ceeded, Wee are come to bring you good newes from the great God, and to shew how evill men may come to be good, and be happy while they live, and goe to God when they die; then in familiar descriptions hee set forth God to them in his glorious power, goodnesse and greatnesse, shewing what his will was, and what he required, even of the Indians, in the ten Commande∣ments, and how angry God was for any sinne, yet that hee sent Christ to die for their transgressions, and to pacifie God by suffering in their roome, if they did re∣pent and believe the Gospell, and that hee would love the poore Indians if now they sought God, threatning wrath against all such as stood out and neglected so great salvation, &c. In hearing these things about sinne, and hell, and Christ, one of them shewed much affliction, * desiring to conceale his griefe; about an houre thus spent, wee desired them to propound some questions, and the first was by an old man, If it were not to late for*such an old man as hee to repent and seeke after God? which cleared, 2. They demanded, How the English came to differ so much from the Indians in knowledge, seeing at*Page  108first they had all one father? 3. Being satisfied in this also, they said, How may wee come to serve God? which being answered, their fourth question was, Why the sea water was salt, and the land water fresh? and their fifth, If the*water be higher then the earth, why did it not overflow it? a Philosophicall answer was given to this, and they conferred much among themselves about these questi∣ons, but night hasting wee desired them to proceed, thereupon one of them said, If a man hath committed a∣dultery,*or stollen goods, and the Sachim doth not punish him, and hee restore the goods, is not all well, will no punish∣ment come from God, as if restitution made God amends? this answered, wee asked two things. 1. What doe you remember of that spoken to you the last time wee * were here? after some speech among themselves, one of them said, They did much thank God for our comming, and the things they heard were wonderfull to them; then Secondly wee said, Do you believe the things we tell you, and that God is Musquantum, i. e. very angry for the least sinne in your thoughts, or words, or works? they said yes, and we spake further of the terrors of God against sinners, and his mercy to the penitent, seeking after Christ; night being almost come, considering the Indians desired to know how to pray, and thought that Christ did not understand their language, one of us ther∣fore prayed in their tongue above a quarter of an houre, divers of them holding up eyes and hands, and one of them hung downe his head, with his rag before his eyes, * which when hee had wiped, hee held up his head againe, yet such was the power of God upon his heart, that hee hung downe his head againe, covered his eyes, wiping them and weeping abundantly, till prayer was ended, * then hee turned to a corner of the Wigwam, and wept Page  109 more by himselfe, which one of us perceiving, spake encouraging words, hee then wept more and more; when he came out of the Wigwan, wee spake to him a∣gaine, hee then fell into more abundant weeping, like one deepely affected, so as wee could not forbeare wee∣ping over him also; wee departed greatly rejoycing for such sorrowing. And while I am transcribing this, I know not whether first, to pitty the poore Natives in their spirituall distres, or sympathize with the English in their holy compassion, or praise God more for dis∣covering to the Indians their lost condition by nture, or that hee hath made our Countreymen so industrious in recovering them out of it; however I cannot but re∣mind my Reader of the relators observations hereupon, at least some of them. *

1. That none of them slept sermon, nor derided Gods Messengers; Woe to those English that are growne * bold to doe that which Indians will not, heathen dare not.

2. There is need of learning in Ministers, who preach to Indians, much more preaching to gracious Christians, these had sundry Philosophicall questions which could not have bin answered without some know∣ledge of the Arts; worse than Indian ignorance hath blinded their eyes, that renounce learning as an enemy to Gospel ministeries.

At a third meeting it did appeare that the Indians notwithstanding discouragements from other Indians, * did encrease in their desires after the word, and pro∣pounded more questions.

  • What is the meaning of the word Humiliation, so often * heard of by them in our Churches?
  • 2. What a spirit is?
  • Page  110 3. Whether they should believe dreames?
  • 4. How the English know God so much, and they so lit∣tle?

Being satisfied in this, they desire a place for a Town. A day or two after Wampas a wise Indian offered his own sonne, and three more Indian children, to be trained up * by us, saying they would grow wicked at home, and never know God, hee with two other young lusty Indi∣ans tendred their service to dwell in some of our fami∣lies, they are two of those weeping Indians, and they are received into two of the Elders houses, where one of them confessed his former adulterous life, and feared that God would never looke upon him in love; upon * our declaring the greatnesse of that sinne, yet hope of pardon through repentance and faith in Christ, hee wept bitterly; the other then present also confessed his like guiltines, & brak out into great mourning, wherein they both continued above halfe an houre. An English youth occasionally lodging in Waaubons Wigwam the third night of their hearing, assured us he instructed his company in the things he heard, and prayed among them.

While the generall Court was considering where to lay out a towne for the Indians, they consulted about * lawes for themselves.

  • 1. If a man be idle a week, at most a fortnight, hee must * pay five shillings.
  • 2. If a man unmarried lie with a woman unmarried hee shall pay twenty shillings.
  • 3. If a man beat his wife his hands shall be tied behind him, and he severely punish'd.
  • 4. If a womans haire hang loose, or cut as a mans, she shall pay five shillings.
  • Page  111 5. If a woman goes with naked breasts she shall pay two shillings six pence.
  • 6. All men that weare long locks shall pay five shillings, &c.

They were desirous to know the name of their Town, it was said Noonanetum, i. e. rejoycing, because the English rejoyced at their desires to know God, and God did rejoyce at it; this pleased them much. The two honest Indians told us that Waaubon and the rest used * these expressions in prayer, Take away Lord my stony heart,* another, O Lord wash my soule, another, Lord lead me when I die to heaven.

December 9. The children being catechized, and that of Ezechiel touching the dry bones opened, they of∣fered * their children to be instructed by us, complaining they had nothing to give us. We propounded sundry * questions to them, and one of them being asked what was sinne, said, a naughty heart, another old man com∣plained of his feares, he purposed to keepe the Sabbath, yet he was afraid whether he should goe to hell or heaven, ano∣ther * complained of other Indians reviling and calling them rogues for cutting off their lockes, for since the word hath wrought upon them, they discerne the vanity of their pride in their hair, of their owne accord therefore they cut it modestly.

Second Treatise.

THE awakening of these Indians raised up a noise * round about, a Sachim from Concord side came to Noonanetum to an Indian lecture, where the Lord spake so to his heart, that hee desired to cast off his sinnefull Page  112 courses, &c. some of his men opposed him therein, he called the chiefe of them about him, and spake to this effect, That they had no reason at all to oppose the way of the English for their good; while you lived after the Indian fashion, what did the Sachims for you? onely sought their owne ends out of you, taking away your skinnes, kettles, and Wampam at their pleasure, but the English care not for your goods, onely seeke your good, &c. Upon this they desired Mr Elliot should come among them and preach, and they framed to * themselves certaine lawes for their more religious and civill government.

  • 1. Abusers of themselves by wines or strong liquors shall pay * for every time 20 s.
  • 2. There shall be no more Powawing, the penalty 20 s.
  • 3. They desire to be stirred up to seeke God.
  • 4. And understand the wiles of Sathan.
  • 5. And detest them.
  • 6. That they may improve their time better. *
  • 7. A lyar shall pay for the first fault 5 s. for the second 10 s. for the third 20 s.
  • 8. Against stealing.
  • 9. Having more wives than one.
  • 10. Against pride.
  • 11. For paying their debts to the English.
  • 12. Observing the Lords day, prophaners of it pay 20 s.
  • 13. VVeare their haire comely as the English, offenders pay 58.
  • 14. None grease themselves as formerly, penalty 5 s.
  • 15. Set up prayer in their VVigwams, before also, and after meate.
  • 16. Adultery punish'd with death.
  • 17. So wilfull murther.
  • Page  113 18. Not come to an English mans house without knocking.
  • 19. VVhosoever beates his wife shall pay 20 s. &c.

Most of these Indians set up prayer morning and eve∣ning in their families, before and after meate, keep the Lords day, cut their haire, minister what edification * they can one to another, manifesting great willingnesse to conforme unto the English fashions.

March, 3. 1647. At the Lecture in Noonanetum, wee saw some Indian women well affected, and conside∣ring how unmeet it is for women to aske questions pub∣likely, * they were desired to acquaint their husbands pri∣vatly therewith, or the Interpretor, the first was pro∣pounded by the wife of one VVampooas, VVhether said*she doe I pray when my husband prayeth, if I speake nothing as he doth, but I like what he saith, and my heart goes with it? The wife of one Totherswampe proposed this, VVhether an husband should doe well to pray with his wife, and yet con∣tinue in his passions and be angry with her, &c.

An aged Indian complained of an unruly sonne, as∣king * what should be done with him, when hee will not heare Gods word, though his father command him, nor forsake his drunkennesse. An aged Indian told us open∣ly, * that the very things which Mr Elliot taught them of God and his Commandements they have heard some old men speake, &c. and many of them have now this apprehension among them, that their forefathers did know God, but after this they fell into a great sleepe, and when they did awaken they quite forgate him. A∣nother * Indian told his dreame, that about two yeeres before the comming over of the English, one night hee could not sleepe a good while, then he fell into a dream, thinking he saw a great many men come into those parts cloathed as the English now are, a man rose up among Page  114 them all in blacke, with a thing in his hand, which hee now sees was all one Englishmans booke, hee stood up∣on a higher place than the rest, on one side the English, and a great many Indians on the other, he told all the Indians that God was Moosquantum or angry with them, and would kill them for their sinnes, whereupon him∣selfe hee said stood up, and desired to know of the blacke man what God would doe with him, and his Squaw, and Papooses, but hee would not answer him a first time, nor a second, till hee desired the third time, and then hee smiled on him, and said, Hee and his Papooses should be safe, God would give unto them Mitchen, i. e. victualls, and other good things, and so he awakened.

At Noonanctum the Indian men women and children, especially upon the Lecture daies, are clad partly by the * gift of the English, and partly by their owne labour. Iune, 9. the first day of the Synods meeting at Cambridge, the morning spent in a preparative Sermon to that worke, in the afternoone there was a great confluence of Indians from all parts, to heare, Mr Elliot out of Ephe. 2. 1. shewed them their miserable condition out of Christ, dead in trespasses and sinnes, pointing unto them the Lord Jesus who onely could quicken them. They then propounded questions.

What Countreyman Christ was?
How far that place from them? *
Where Christ was now?
How they might lay hold on him?
And where being now absent from them?

The English Magistrares, Ministers, and people, were much affected at what they saw and heard. An Indian brake out into admiration, that God should looke up∣on * them that had bin so long in darknesse; Me wonder Page  115 saith he at God, that hee should thus deale with us.

That winter many questions were propounded.

Why some so bad that they hate those that would teach them?

A Squaw said, might she not goe and pray in the wood alone, when her husband was not at home, because she was a∣shamed to pray in the Wigwam before company?

To what Nation Iesus Christ came first, and when?

If a man should be inclosed in iron a foot thicke and thrown into the fire, what would become of his soul, would it come forth thence?

Why did not God give all men good hearts?

How long is it before men believe that have the word of God made knowne unto them?

How they should know when their faith and prayers bee good?

Why did not God having all power, kill the devill, that made all men so bad?

If we be made so weake by sinne in our hearts, how can wee*come before God and sanctifie a sabbath?

They propounded three cases about the Sabbath.

In the exercises, besides prayer for a blessing, Mr. El∣liot doth four things.

  • 1. He catechizeth the children and youth, by which the aged learne.
  • 2. He preacheth out of some Scripture plainely and briefely.
  • 3. If there be cause, admonition follows.
  • 4. They aske us questions and we answer them.

Some cases and admonitions are there mentioned. * 1. Wampoonas upon a light occasion beat his wife, for this hee was brought before the Assembly, where the quality of the sinne was opened, as against Gods com∣mand, Page  116 cruelty to his owne body, &c. hee turned his face to the wall and wept, hee was so penitent and mel∣ting, that all forgave him, but the Indians would have his fine notwithstanding his repentance, which he paid also willingly. Another case of was of Cutshamaquin a *Sachim, who had a son fourteen or fifteen yeeres old, hee was drunk, and behaved himselfe disobediently against his father and mother, they rebuked him, but he despi∣sed their admonition, hee was brought before the As∣sembly, stood out a long time, though his father for his example confessed his owne faults, the young man still persisted, divers of us called upon him to acknow∣ledge his offence against his parents, and entreat their forgivenesse, yet he refused; the Indians also affectio∣nately put him on, divers spake one after another, and * some severall times, at last hee humbled himselfe, con∣fessed his sinne, and asked forgivenesse of his father, ta∣king him by the hand, at which his father burst into * teares, he did the same to his mother, who wept also, as did divers others, and many English wept also, the house was filled with weeping, wee went to prayer, all the time thereof the Sachim wept so abundantly, that * the boord hee stood upon was all dropt with his teares. Some questions were after this propounded.

An old Powoow asked, Why we had not taught them to*know God sooner?

Another said, Before he knew God he was well, but since I have knowne God and sin, I finde my heart full of sin.

Whether their children goe when they die, because they have not sinned?

If any of them shall goe to heaven, seeing their hearts are so full of sin, especially Nanwunwudsquas, mad after wo∣men?

Page  117If they leave Powawing and pray to God, what shall they doe when they are sicke, having no skill in Physick?

What shall we say to such Indians as oppose our praying un∣to God, and believing in Christ, what get you say they by this,*you goe naked still and are as poore as we, our corne is as good as yours, and we take more pleasure then you, &c.

They bring their cases to Mr. Elliot. A Law is now among them against gaming, other Indians demand * their old debts, which they refuse to pay because it was a sinne to play, and they must not pay such sinnefull * debts. They tooke it to heart when Mr. Elliot told them he was afraid they were weary and cooled in their love to religion, and enquired when they did heare and pray aright, how they might know when they were weary of them, what time it might be before the Lord might come and make them know him, &c. some o∣ther cases were moved by them. A man before hee knew God had two wives, the first is barren, the second * brought forth sweet children, which of these must hee put away? if the former, they offended God, if the lat∣ter, they illegitimate their owne deare children? And, a Squaw leaves her husband, commits adultery with re∣mote Indians, heares the word, repents, and returnes to her husband still unmarried, is not he bound to receive her? An old widdow Squaw said, if when men know God, * God loves them, why then are any afflicted after they know him?

Mr. Elliot preaching upon Ephes. 5. 11. Have no fel∣lowship, &c. They asked what Englishmen thought of him;*because he came among the wicked Indians and taught them?

Another said, Suppose two men sin, one knowes it, the o∣ther doth not, will God punish both alike?

Againe, If a wise Indian teach good things to other Indi∣ans, Page  118 should not he be as a father or brother to such?

One Tutaswampe prayed at the buriall of an Indian child, with such zeale, variety of gracious expressions, * and abundance of tears, that the woods rang with their sighs and prayers, the Englishman that heard him, said, hee was ashamed of himselfe and some others, that have had so great light, but want such good affecti∣ons.

Third Treatise.

THat woman that propounded the first question ac∣cording * to appointment by another man (2. Trea∣tise, p. 6. hujus p. 4.) moved this also.

When my heart prayeth with my husband praying, is this praying to God aright?

This woman kept at home, learned quickly to spinne well, held her children to labour, after she submitted to the Gospel her life was exemplary, she died of a sick∣nesse taken in childbed; Mr. Elliot visited her severall times, prayed with her, asked her about her spirituall estate, she said she still loved God though he made her sicke, and was resolved to pray unto him as long as she lived, and to refuse Powawing, shee believed God * would pardon all her sinnes, because Jesus Christ dyed for her, that God was well pleased in him, that she was willing to die, believed shee should goe to heaven, and live happy with God and Christ; of her owne accord she called her children, and said to them, I shall now die, and when I am dead, your grandfather, grandmo∣ther, and Unkles, &c. will send for you to live among them, and promise you great matters, but I charge you Page  119 doe not believe them, live not among them, for they pray not to God, keepe not the Sabbath, commit all manner of sinnes, and are not punisht; but I charge you live here, for they pray to God, his word is taught, sins are supprest, and punish'd by lawes, therefore I charge you live here all your daies, she died, and it fell out as she said. Tis observed many other Indians would come in, but they have neither tooles nor skill to sence * in their grounds, if the word were constantly taught, government exercised, encouragements for the industri∣ous, with meanes to instruct them in letters, trade and labour, as building, fishing, flax, hemp, &c. many well∣minded Indians would thus be drawne together. Mr. Elliot stirres up the Ministers to learne the language, and assist in the worke, there is nothing else to invite but the good of soules, not so much as meate, drinke, and lodging to be had among the Indians, but such as wee must carry with us, beside what wee give away to them, &c.

Severall questions they then propounded. *

Doth the Devill dwell in us, as we dwell in an house?

When God saith honour thy Father and thy Mother, doth he meane three Fathers, our Father, our Sachim, and God?

When a soule goes to heaven what doth it say? And what saith a wicked soule when it comes to hell?

Why did Christ die in our steads?

Why must we love our enemies, and how shall we do it?

How doth Christ redeeme and deliver us from sin, when e∣very day my heart thinkes I must die, and goe to Hell for my sins, what shall I doe in this case?

How long was Adam good before he sinned?

If two families dwell in one house, one prayeth, the other Page  120 doth not, what shall they that pray do to them that pray not?

Now the Indians desire to go to heaven, what shall we doe that we may goe thither when we die?

How shall I bring my heart to love prayer?

Doe not Englishmen spoile their soules to say a thing cost them more than it did, and is it not all one as to steale?

I see why I must feare hell, and do so every day, but why must I fear God?

If I reprove a man for sin, and he answer why do you speak thus angerly, Mr. Elliot teacheth us to love one another, is this well?

If a wife put away her husband because he will pray to God and she will not, what must be done in this case? May such wo∣men as pray to God, marry those that do not pray to God?

If my wife doth some worke on the night before the Sab∣bath, and on the Sabbath night also, is it a sin?

If I do that which is a sin, and know it not to be a sin, what will God say to that?

Whether is faith set in my heart or in my minde?

Why have not beasts a soule as well as man, seeing they have*love, anger, &c. as man hath?

Why doth God punish in hell for ever, man doth not so, but af∣ter a time lets out of prison againe?

What is faith?

How shall I know when God accepts my prayers?

How doth Christ make peace betwixt God and man, what is the meaning of that point?

In wicked dreames doth the soule sin?

Doth the soule in heaven know things done here on earth?

If my heart be full of evill thoughts, and I repent and pray, and a few houres after it be full againe, and I repent and pray againe, and after this it be full of evill thoughts again, what will God say?

Page  121What force of wicked men is lawfull, and what not?

What if a Minister weare long haire, as some other men do, what will God say?

Why doth God so hate them that teach others to commit sinne?

If a man will make his daughter marry one she doth not love, what will God say? &c.

There be sundry of them begin to enquire after Bap∣tisme and Church Ordinances, and Mr. Elliot with con∣sideration speakes solemnly not suddenly, nor lightly, but before the Lord, As I apprehend, saith he, in my conscience, were they but in a setled way of civility and government, cohabiting together, and I called, accor∣ding to God, to live among them, I durst freely joyne into Church fellowship with them, and could find out at least twenty men and women in some measure fitted of the Lord for it. That Indian that was Mr Elliots In∣terpreter, and first taught him words, was joyning him∣selfe to the Church of Dorchester, and the very day of this writing was the day for the triall of that Indian in order to his admission, and this was 2. of the 12. 1648. Since which time these labourers with the Lord have not been idle in this Vineyard, they are digging, and fencing, and gathering out the stones thereof, and plan∣ting it with the choisest vine, &c. Esa. 5. 2. and though some informations of their happy endeavours have un∣happily miscarried, there be other passages that have arrived hither, to give us assurance that they wax not faint in that Gospel worke, they are not indeed yet printed, but I have obtained leave to give the Reader a little taste thereof, for as we here long to understand what further foot steps be made, so the discoveries there∣of will in due time and better manner be recommended.

Page  122 Mr Elliot in the beginning of the last spring prepared for his journey among the Indians, to a great fishing * place upon Merimak, and hired an Indian to mark trees, and pilot him thither, which he did, with the helpe of some Indians, they passed by other of the Natives, who had heard of his preaching, and were very glad of his comming that way, but sicknesse prevented him at that time; howbeit upon his recovery, he went to another place call'd Pantuket, where from all parts they meet, there he asked them if those Indians were desirous to pray to God, and when they said yea, he demanded how many desired it, they answered Wamee, i. e. all. The chiefe Sachim of this place had heard him before, and now shewed great affection to him, and the word of God, using many arguments to perswade him to tarry among them, saying, his comming but once a yeere did them little good, it was as if one should come and throw a fine thing among them, and they like it well, but can∣not tell what is within, whether something, or nothing, but if it be opened and they see it precious, they should believe it, &c.

Another Indian learning from Mr. Elliot that hee had five sonnes, asked him if they should all teach the Indians to know God, as he did, which when hee affir∣med, the other was well pleased, and Mr. Elliot him∣selfe much encouraged, for hee had often dedicated them in his prayers to that service of the Lord, desi∣ring no better preferment for them, than to be fitted for that worke, hee endeavours therefore with that smal meanes he hath to traine them up in learning, and God will I doubt not raise up some liberall hearts and hands to assist him therein.

This summer hee was making another journey, but Page  123 in regard of some quarrells among the Indians, the Church was doubtfull at first of his going, which when the Nashaway Sachim heard, he took twenty men armed after their manner, and was his guard, with many o∣ther neerer Indians, so much do they hunger after instru∣ction; this was a long journey into the wildernesse of sixty miles, it proved very wet and tedious, so that hee was not dry three or foure daies together night nor day, but the Lord upheld him and his company in strength and health. One of the Indians would needs know of Mr Elliot the reason why they that pray to God, love the Indians so doing, more than their owne Brethren, and when the rest of them said they all found it so in their hearts, this gave him occasion to discourse to them of the unity of the spirit. They propounded questions.

If a man know Gods word, but believe it not, and yet teach others, is that good teaching, and if others believe that tea∣ching, is that good believing?

And when Mr. Elliot asked them How they could tell, when a man knoweth Gods word, and doth not believe it, they answered, When he doth not in his practise answerable to that he knoweth.

If I teach on the Sabbath that which you taught us, and forget something, is that a sin?

What should I pray for at night, what at morning, and what on the Sabbath day?

What is true repentance, and how shall I know when it is true?

How must I waite on God?

When I pray for a soft heart, why is it still hard?

Can one be saved by reading the booke of the creature?

When such die as never heard of Christ, whither do they go?

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Page  124VVhat is the meaning of the name Hebrews, why doth God say he is the God of the Hebrews?

If one purpese to pray, and die before that time, wither go∣eth his soule?

Doth God know who shall repent and believe, and who not? why then did God use so much meanes with Pharaoh?

VVhat meanes that, Blessed are they that mourne?

VVhat meaneth lifting up hands to God?

VVhat anger is good, and what is bad?

If a child die before he sin, whither goeth his soule?

If one that prayes to God sin, like him that prayes not, is not he worse?

And while they discoursed of this, and about hating of wicked persons, one of them said, they must love the man and doe him good, but hate his sin, &c. For I will not forestall but prepare the publication of those other remarkeable occurrences; and now ex pede Herculem, when this little of those many matters worthy of obser∣vation, is seen together, none will call it a day of small things, Zach. 4. 10. Shall we call this a day of small things? Shall not those poore Natives in New England rise up in judgement against Old England and condemne it? they at once or twice preaching of the Law and Gospel, repent, and weepe, and pray, and heare, and most ear∣nestly enquire after God; but wee, when the Sunshine of truth hath been so long cleare among us, degenerate into those very sinnes which they abandon and detest, and with indignation say, get ye hence, Es. 30. 22.

They willingly forsake their Powawing, and inchant∣ments; but the devill is broke loose among us, and ma∣ny desire commerce with those that have familiarity with him.

The Indians set a mulct upon those women that tie *Page  125 not up their haire, that goe with naked breasts, what would they say, what would they doe, if that sex were as immodest as some in this Nation, bepainted, bedau∣bed, debauched, not more with spots in their faces, then stains in their glory, if Christianity be to them any honour?

The Indians weare their haire comely as the English, * and punish those that doe otherwise; there be among us that would account it piacular it should be said of them that in the least they looke Rome-wards, yet like those locusts having the faces of men, they have haire as the hair of women, Rev. 9. 8. grace is pleased to borrow that from nature, if a man have long haire, it is a shame to him, 1 Cor. 11. 14.

Those Natives surely will rise up in judgement with the men of this generation and condemne them; they pray in their families morning and evening, and upon other occasions, they sanctifie the sabbath; wee have those among us, that scoffe and scorne these practises of piety, and call the practisers thereof Duty-mon∣gers.

The Indians desire publique meetings, and delight in the places where God is worship'd and his word is taught; but there be those in this England that make it a great piece of religion to divide and separate, though God himselfe would not have us forsake the assembling of our selves together, as the manner of some is, Hebr. 10. 25.

The Indians asked Mr. Elliot, if any teach us good things should wee not love him as a father, or a brother? * but tis now among some esteemed a signe of grace, and a badge of holinesse, to despise their teachers, as if that Scripture of truth were never againe to be fulfilled. Page  126They mocked the Messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his Prophets, untill the wrath of the Lord arose against his peaple, till there was no remedy, 1 Chron. 36. 16. But many other be the sad symptomes of our Englands defection and danger, and our God hath made himself many waies marvelous in New-Eng∣land, Wee cannot call it a day of small things, Or if at first it was like a little cloud arising out of the sea as a mans hand, 1 King. 18. 44. certainely it carried with it a a sound of abundance of raine, ver. 41. even that raine that commeth downe from heaven and returneth not thither but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater; Gods word hath not returned unto him void, it hath accomplished that which he pleased, and it shall prosper in the thing where∣to I send it, Es. 55. 10, 11.

Now the blessing of the God of Iacob be upon them and their endeavours, even the blessing of Iacob upon Ioseph, the God Almighty help them and blesse them with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, Gen. 49. 25, 26. That God by their meanes may say to the North give up, and to the South keepe not backe, bring my sonnes from farre, and my daughters from the ends of the earth, Esa. 43. 6. so from the uttermost parts shall we hear songs, songs of praise, even glory to the righteous, 24. 16. and not onely glory to the Lord our righteousnesse, but those that winne many to this righteousnesse shall shine as the starres for ever and ever, Dan. 12. 3. and not onely hereafter in that heaven of heavens, but this shall bee told as Englands memoriall, in present and succeeding generations, and those American Nations especially shall call them blessed (Mal. 3. 12.) yea the blessings of them that were ready to perish, will come upon them, Job 29. 13. Page  127 for they have done worthily in Ephrata, and are famous in Bethelem (Ruth 4. 11) and when they be indeed sen∣sible of this great mercy, they will not onely say, thanks be unto God for this unspeakeable gift, 2 Cor. 9. 15. But they will long to require this kindnesse to the English also: and as of old almost all Nations receiving from Ierusalem the first meanes of their. Christianity, expres∣sed their gratefull mindes by their charitable benefi∣cence upon all occasions to those that dwelt there, this began in the Apostles daies, Act. 11. 19. Rom. 15. 26. Those of Macedonia and Achaia distributed to the poor Saints at Ierusalem, so it was the use till Ieromesk time, that all the Churches of the Gentiles sent colle∣ctions to the Christians at Ierusalem, because they all from thence received first the glad tidings of the Gospel; where the same Christ is preached, there will be the like Christian affections, which likewise will be demon∣strable upon every possible opportunity.

Gregory in severall Epistles, not lesse then twenty foure, to the great personages of those times, shewes * much zeale in this kind, sometimes encouraging them, afterwards commending them for their assistance affor∣ded to that glorious worke, the first conversion of our Countreymen.

Nothing more shall now be added but the praise and practise of nAlbertus the Arch-Bishop of Hamburgh, who tooke upon him a resolution to visit in his owne person all the Northerne Provinces, not leaving so much as any one Island unbenefitted by his preaching; when all things were prepared, and his attendants chosen, and shipping ready, hee was diswaded by Zueno King of Denmarke, who told him those people would sooner be instructed by men of their owne Nation, who were Page  128 best acquainted with the rites, manners, and language thereof; the Arch-Bishop hereupon dealt earnestly with others to that purpose, and made them most wil∣ling to the work, for there was not a man among them whom hee had not encouraged, and by his bounty hee warmed their zeale in publishing the Gospell, frequent∣ly repeating that sentence of our Saviour, The harvest indeed is great, but the labourers are few, pray ye there∣fore the Lord of the harvest, that hee will send forth labou∣rers into his harvest, Mat. 9. 37. 38. Finally as David to Solomon in the bulding of the Temple, 1 Chr. 22. 16. I wish it were effectually spoken to, and by all the Eng∣lish here and there, Vp and be doing, and the Lord will bee with you.