Ievves in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that race. With the removall of some contrary reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them Christian.
Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669.

CHAP. IV. Answer to the third Quaere, about their becomming so barbarous.

IF such a passage through Tartary, or some other Countrey for them were granted, and the probabi∣lity of so numerous multiplication acknowledged, the perswasion will not yet be easie, that Jewes should ever become so barbarous, horrid and inhumane, as bookes generally relate of these Americans.

Page  49Villagagnoa writing of the Brasilians to Master *Calvin, speakes as if he had bin uncertaine at first whe∣ther he were come among beasts in an humane shape, so stupid he found them and sottish beyond imagination: But here every reader may take occasion to bemoane the woefull condition of mankinde, and into what rude, grosse, and unmanlike barbarities we runne headlong, if the goodnesse of God prevent us not.

Wee marvaile at the Americans for their naked∣nesse, and man-devouring, we cannot believe the Jewes should be given over to such barbarity: But in our own Nation the Inhabitants were anciently as rude and horrid, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, saith Herodian, the Britons knew not the use of apparell, lest their cloathing * should hide the severall formes and figures of beasts and other creatures which they paint, and imprint upon their bodies; and Hierome saith, when he was a young man, he saw the Scots, Gentem Britannicam humanis vesci carnibus,* and that even here of old were Anthropophagi, is aver∣red by Diodorus Siculus, and Strabo. And to what hath * bin said of the Jewes formerly, shall here be added.

It seemes strange to us if they be Jewes, they should forget their religion, and be so odiously idolatrous, al∣though after so many yeeres; but, if the Scripture had not spoken it, could it have bin believed of this very people, that they should fall so often into such foule of∣fences, as, if circumstances be considered, have no pa∣rallell. Israel, when but newly delivered out of Egypt, by many signes and wonders, with severall evident and miraculous impressions of Gods Majesty and power; yet in six moneths space all is forgotten, they make un∣to themselves a God of their owne, attributing unto it all their deliverance, and say, These be thy Gods O Isra∣rael Page  50 which brought thee out of the land of Egypt. Exod. 32. 4. which base Idoll of theirs had not its nothing, till they were all come out safe thence; who can sufficient∣ly wonder that those very people who saw and heard those terrible things mentioned, Exod. 19, & 20. which forced them to say but a while before to Moses, Talke thou with us, and wee will heare, but let not God talke with us, least wee die, Exod. 20. 19. Yea God himselfe seems to admire at this, and for this to disowne them, telling Moses, Thy people which thou hast brought out of the land of Egypt, they are soon turned out of the way, &c. Exod. 32. 8. It may seeme past beliefe any of Iacobs race should be so unnaturall as to devoure one another, as is frequent among these Indians; and would it not bee as much beyond credit, if the Scripture of truth, Dan. 10. 21. had not asserted it, that these sonnes of Iacob in former times when they had Priests and Prophets a∣mong them, and the remembrance of Gods justice and mercy was fresh in their minds, That they should then of∣fer their sonnes and daughters unto devills, Psal. 106. 36. as they did in the valley of Hinnom, 2 King 23. 10. smi∣ting b on the Tabrets while their children were bur∣ning, that their cry could not be heard; tis not impos∣sible therefore that the Jews should be againe overwhel∣med with such savagenesses and inhumanity; nor im∣probable neither, if to what hath bin said three other things be added. 1. The threats of God against them upon their disobedience, Deut. 28. where be words and curses sufficient to portend the greatest calamity that can be conceived to fall upon the nature of man, as hath already bin in severall things declared; and M. Parisc so answers the objection, that the Tartars are not Jew∣ish, because they know nothing of Moses Law, nor Page  51 righteousnesse, &c. If when Moses was alive, saith he, they were so stubborne and rebellious, and went after other Gods, they may be now much more prodigiously wic∣ked, even as these Americans, being unknowne to o∣ther people, confounded also in their language and life, and God so revenging their abominations. 2. The ten Tribes in their owne land were become extreamely bar∣barous, renouncing all almost they had received from Moses, Ezek. 36. 17. & 2 King. 17. their captivity is mentioned, and the sinfull cause thereof, more then abominable Idolatries; and they were not onely guilty of wicked, but even of witlesse impieties: God forbad them to walke after the customes of the Nations, Deut. 4. 8. and yet, as the Heathen in all their Cities, they built high places, making Images and groves upon eve∣ry high hill, and under every green tree, and made their sonnes and daughters to passe through the fire, using witch∣craft and enchantment, &c. 2 King. 17. 8, 9. This was their religion and wisdome while they were in their own Countrey, and they were no better in the land of their captivity; for it may be, they had not there the books of the Law, nor any Prophets among them, because tis said againe and againe, They left the commandments of their God. And if it seeme unlikely, that the Jewes being in America should lose the Bible, the Law, and ceremonies, then let the Prophesie of Hosea be re∣membred, where tis foretold, that the children of Israel shall remaine many daies without a King, and without a Prince, and without a Sacrifice, and without an Ephod, and without a Teraphim, Hose. 3. 4. Yea and before that time there was a lamentable defection of religion in Israell.

While they were in their owne land, for a long sea∣son Page  52 they were without the true God, and without a reading Priest, and without Law, 2 Chron. 15. 3. yea and as Chry∣sostomed affirmes that the Book of Deuteronomy had been lost along time among Christians, and was lately recovered from dust and rubbish a little before his daies; so tis most certaine that in Iosiahs reigne, Hilkiah the Priest found the Booke of the Law in the House of the Lord, which when the King heard read unto him, hee was astonisht, as at a new and strange thing, and rent his clothes, 2 King, 22. 8. &c. and this was the Booke of the law of the Lord given by Moses, 2 Chro. 34. 14. which was then little knowne or regarded among them, ver. 24, 25. &c. But thirdly, the stupor and dulnesse of Israell was even admirable, when our Saviour came into the world, for they give no credit to their owne Prophets read in their Synagogues every Sabbath, the Shepherds pub∣lish what they received from the Angells concerning Christ, Luk. 2. 17. Simeon proclaimes glorious things of Jesus, and they will not heare, ver. 25. Wise men came from the East to Ierusalem enquiring and discour∣sing, but still they apprehend not; yea they shut their eyes against all the marvailes that Christ performed a∣mong them, such as would have convinced not onely Tyre and Sidon, but even Sodome and Gomorrha: the heavenly Sermons of the Sonne of God wrought upon stones, harlots, publicans and sinners, but those Jewes remaine inflexible against all, and at his death they still continue seared and stupified; the veile of the Temple is rent, the earth did quake, the stones were cloven a∣sunder, and the graves did open, but their hearts are shut up still; yea and at his resurrection there was a great earthquake, the Angel of the Lord comes downe from heaven, his countenance is like lightning, for fear of him the keepers become as dead men, Christ riseth a∣gaine Page  53 in glory, and the watch shew the High Priests all these things, they are hereupon convinced, but they will not b convinced; for they take counsell together, and with mony hire the souldiers to say, the disciples stole away his body while they slept; if it be therefore well considered of what dark & darkned condition the Israelites were in these times, how many yeeres have passed since, what meanes they have had to increase their rudenesse and in∣civility, and irreligion; no way, commerce, or means left to reclaime them, it will not seem so strange if they be wholly barbarous, seeing also the vengeance of God lies hard and heavy upon them for their injustice done to his Sonne, nam crucifixeruntesalvatorem suum & fecerunt damnatorem suum, saith St. Austin, they crucifi∣ed their Saviour, and made him their enemy and aven∣ger. It is no marvaile then, supposing the Americans. to be Jewes, that there be so few mentionings of Juda∣icall rites and righteousnesse among them; it may be, and is, a wonderfull thing rather, that any footstep or si∣militude of Judaisme should remaine after so many ages of great iniquity, with most just divine displeasure ther∣upon, and no possibility yet discerned how they should recover, but manifest necessities almost of praecipitation into further ignorance, grossenesse and impiety; the losse of which their customes and ceremonies, in so great a measure, in time may prove advantagious to∣wards their conversion, seeing they cannot be obstinate maintainers of Mosaicall Ordinances, the love and li∣king whereof and adhesion to them, was ever a prevai∣ling obstacle to the knowing Jewes, and that is a consi∣deration tending directly to the last part, and particu∣lar, and will helpe, I trust, to encourage us who are already desirous, not to civilize onely the Americanes, 〈◊〉 even to Gospellize and make them Christian.