Ievves in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that race. With the removall of some contrary reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them Christian.
Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669.
Page  45

CHAP. III. Answer to Question 2. How such a remnant should enpeople so great a part of the world.

THE whole Countrey of Jewry, whence wee would have it probable that the Americans came, is not above one hundred and sixty miles long, from aDan to Beersheba, and the breadth is but sixty miles, from Ioppa to Iordan, in St. Ieromes ac∣count, who knew it so well; and how some few Colo∣nies, as it were removing from thence should multi∣ply into such numbers, that so large a Countrey should be filled by them, is a scruple that hath troubled some considering men. America in the latitude of it is b is foure thousand miles; and Bishop Casa'sc hath said already, that the Spaniards in his time had forraged and spoyled Countries longer then all Europe, and a great part of Asia; it seemes incredible therefore that the In∣commers, who were but few in comparison, as a little flocke of Kids, should so marvelously spread into all the Westerne World; for the Americans before that Spa∣nish devastation, filled all the Countrey. But this will not seeme so difficult, if former examples be taken into consideration; d some have made speciall observation of the 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 such as had many children; tis much that Acostae writes of one of the Inguas or Kings of Peru, that hee had above three hundred sonnes and grandchil∣dren; tis more that Philo Iudeusf tells of Noah the Patriarke, who lived, hee saith, to see twenty Page  46 foure thousand proceeding from him, all males, for women were not numbred. We use to say, Rome was not built in one day; and indeed Eutropiusg speaking of the Empire of that City, saith, at first none was lesse, but in its increment it exceeded all others by many degrees, so that he who reades the story thereof, reads not the acts of one people, but of all Nations saith Florush; yea and Senecai looking on Rome in its minority, and her immense magnitude afterward, is amazed thereat; this one people saith he, how many Colonies did it send into all Provinces, he writes of numerous encreases from other Cities also, as Athens and Miletus, but it will be nearer to our purpose to ob∣serve, how small the number of Israell was at his first discent into Egypt, how short a time they tarried there, what cruell waies were taken to stop their encrease, and yet how much, and how marvelously they multiplied, and then it will not be strange, that a farre greater num∣ber, in a longer time should or might grow into such vast multitudes. And for the first tis most certaine, all the soules of the house of Iacob which came into Egypt were seventy. Gen. 46. 27. Tis true also, though not to all so manifest, that the time of their abode in Egypt was about two hundred and fifteen yeers, and not more; at first appearance indeed it seems to be otherwise, because wee read, Exod. 12. 40. The sojourning of the children of Is∣raell who dwelt in Egypt, was foure hundred and thirty yeeres, but the Septuagints addition is here remarkable 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. They dwelt in Egypt and in the Land of Canaan, they and their Fathers, foure hundred and thirty yeeres, and this is one of those thir∣teen mutations that the seventy Interpreters made; when at King Ptolomes appointment they translated the Page  47 Scripture into Greeke, which they said was done right∣ly by them, for Israell was indeed in Egypt but two hundred and ten yeeres, which collection they make from k the numerall letters of that speech of Iacob. Gen. 42. 2. ו / 6 ד / 4 ר / 200 and there be many impressions in the Scripture, evidencing that their abode in Egypt was according to this computation. Saint Paul first taught this high point of Chronology, where and how the account must begin, namely at the time when the promise was made to Abraham, for the Law was foure hundred and thirty yeeres after, Gal. 3. 16, 17. God bid∣ding Abraham get out of his owne countrey, &c. Gen. 12. 1. makes a Covenant with him, ver. 2. 3. and Abraham was then seventy five yeeres old, ver. 4. Isaac is borne twen∣ty five yeeres after, Gen. 21. 5. Iacobs birth is sixty yeeres after that, Gen. 25. 26. Iacob was one hundred and thirty yeeres old when hee went downe into Egypt, Gen. 47. 28. which together make two hundred and fifteen yeeres, and two hundred and fifteen yeeres after they came all out of Egypt; for when the foure hundred and thirty yeeres were expired, even the selfe same day departed all the Hosts of the Lord out of the land of Egypt, Exod. 12. 41. The computation of Suidasl in * the margent is consonant hereunto; and how these seventy in the space of two hundred & fifteen yeers did encrease, is next to be declared, which is also plain∣ly expressed, ver. 37. They tooke their journey from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside chil∣dren, so great a multiplication of so few in so short a time, may easily con∣vince the possibility of a far greater augmentation from Page  48 a beginning so vastly different, and the continuance so much surmounting. The Spaniards first comming into America was about the yeere one thousand foure hundred and ninety: the great dispersion of the Jewes immediately after our Saviours death at the destructi∣on of Ierusalem, was more then fourteen hundred yeeres before, and their former importation into the City of the Medes was seven hundred and fourty yeeres before that; if therefore upon either of the scatterings of that Nation, two thousand or fourteen hundred yeeres, or lesse then either number be allowed for the encrease of those that were very many before, such multitudes will not be miraculous: besides, in all that time no forraign power did breake in among them; there were thence no transplantations of Colonies, no warres did eate up the inhabitants, but such light battailes as they were able to manage among themselves, in all that long time they did encrease and multiply without any extraordinary dimi∣nution, till that incredible havocke which was made by the Spanish invasions and cruelties.