Ievves in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that race. With the removall of some contrary reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them Christian.
Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669.
Page  41

CHAP II. Answer to the first Quere, How the Jewes should get into America.

THE Jewes did not come into America, as is feigned of Ganimeda, riding on Eagles wings, neither was there another Arke made to convey them thither, the Angels did not carry them by the haires of the heads, b as Apocryphall Habakuk was conducted into Babylon, these were not caught by the Spirit of the Lord and setled there, as Saint Philip was from Ierusalem to Asotus, Act. 8. 5. They were c not guided by an Hart, as tis written of the Hunns, when they brake in upon the nearer parts of Europed, Pro∣copius reports of the Maurisii, an African Nation, that they were of those Gergesites or Jebusites spoken of in the Scriptures, for he had read a very ancient wri∣ting in Phaenician Characters thus, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. e. We are they that fled from the face of the destroyer Iesus the sonne of Nave; and so the Septuagint names him, whom wee call the sonne of Nun, and as 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 formerly, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 was not in those daies of such odious signification: It may be said these might passe from the parts of Asia into Lybia by land, but the Jewes could not so get into America, which is thought by some to be very farre distant on every side from the Continent; eAcosta therefore supposeth the Natives might come at first by sea into that maine Page  42 land, alledging some experiments to that purpose, but in the next Chapter he judgeth it more probable, who∣soever the inhabitants be, that they travelled thither by land; for though some few men happily by tempests, might be cast on those shores, yet it is unlike, so large a part of the earth by such mishaps should be repleni∣shed. F. Cotton (f), it seemes was puzled with this scruple, therefore in his memorialls he propounded to * the Daemoniaque that Interrogatory, Quomodo anima∣lia in insulas, &c. Quomodo homines, how got men and other creatures into those Islands and Countries. Aco∣stag subscribes at length to the sentence of St. Austinh for the entrance of Beares, Lions, and Wolves, that they arrived thither, either by their owne swimming, or by the importation of curious men, or by the mi∣raculous command of God, and ministration of the Angels, yet his i finall determination is, and he lived seventeen yeeres in that Countrey, America joyneth somewhere with some other part of the world, or else is but by a very little distance separated from it. And it may yet be further considered, the scituation of Coun∣tries is much altered by tract of time, many places that were formerly sea, are now dry land saith Strabok, a great part af Asia and Africa hath bin gained from the Atlantique Ocean, the sea of Corinth was drunk up by an earthquake, Lucania by the force of the water was broken off from Italy, and got a new name; Sicily saith lTertullian, the sea gave unto the m earth the Island Rhodes; Plinyn mentions divers places, Islands long since, but in his time adjoyned to the Continent, and the sea hath devoured many Townes and Cities, that were anciently inhabited; that Vallis Silvestris as the La∣tin translation renders, Gen. 14. 3. or of Siddim, i. e.Page  43 Laboured fields, as tis in Hebrew, was certainely a vaile of slime-pits in the daies of Abraham and Lot, ver. 10. which very place about foure hundred yeeres after, was a sea, the salt sea, ver. 3. Between Thera and Therasia an Island suddenly appeared, saith oEusebius, and the sea perhaps hath broken into some places, and of one made a double Island; all Ages and Nations tell of the water and the Earth, how they gain one from the other: and thus some p have conjectured, that our Brittaine since the floud, was one Continent with France, for the distance between them, at Callis and Dover is but small, about twenty foure miles, and the cliffes on both sides are like each other, for length and matter, equally chalk and flinty, as if art, or suddaine violence had made an even separation. Thence Hollinshead writes confident∣ly, because Lions and wild Bulls were formerly in this Island, that it was not cut from the maine by the great deluge of Noah, but long after; for none would reple∣nish a Countrey with such creatures for pastime and de∣light. *

And if these be no more but conjectures that Ameri∣ca was once united to the other world, or but a little di∣vided from it, time and the sea two insatiable devourers have made the gap wider: But the question is not in what age, before, or since the Incarnation of our Lord the Jewes tooke their long journey, and planted there; but how the way was passable for them: Malvendaq speakes confidently that they might come into Tartary, and by the deserts into Grotland, on which side America is open; and Mr Brerewoodr assures us that the North part of Asia is possessed by Tartars, and if it be not one Continent with America, as some suppose; yet doubt∣lesse they are divided by a very narrow channell, because Page  44 there be abundance of Beares, Lions, Tigers, and Wolves in the Land, which surely men would not trans∣port to their owne danger and detriment, those greater s beasts indeed are of strength to swimme over Sea many miles, and this is generally observed of Beares: and tHerrera saith, the inhabitants of the West In∣dies came thither by land, for those Provinces touch upon the Continent of Asia, Africa, and Europe, though it be not yet fully discovered, how, and where the two worlds be conjoyned, or if any sea doe passe between them, they are straites so narrow, that beasts might ea∣sily swimme, and men get over even with small vessells; Our Countrey man Nich. Fulleru gives in his suita∣ble verdit for the facile passing into Columbina, so he calls it from the famous first discoverer, saying, from other places they might find severall Islands not farre distant each from other, and a narrow cut at last through which passengers might easily be conveyed; and Acostaw tells that about Florida the land runs out very large towards the North, and as they say joynes with the Scy∣thique or German Sea; and after some other such men∣tionings, he concludes confidently, there is no reason or experience that doth contradict my conceit, that all the parts of the Earth be united and joyned in some place or other, or at least, approach very neere together, and that is his conclusive sentence. It is an indubitable thing, that the one world is continued, and joyned with the other.