Ievves in America, or, Probabilities that the Americans are of that race. With the removall of some contrary reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them Christian.
Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669.

CHAP. III. Second Conjecture.

THe rites, fashions, ceremonies, and opinions of the Americans are in many things agreeable to the custome of the Jewes, not onely pro∣phane and common usages, but such as be called solemn and sacred.

Common and prophane Customes in both alike.

1 The Indians a weare garments fashioned as the Jewes, a single coate, a square little cloake, they goe barefoot: if you should aske a man of Brasile what vest∣ment would please him best, he would answer present∣ly, Page  7b a long cloake the habit of the Jewes, and this may seem no light consideration to such as minde Se∣neca'sc confidence, that the Spaniards planted them∣selves in Italy, for they have the same kind of covering on their heads, and shooes for their feet.

2 They constantly d annoint their heads, as did the Jewes also, Luk. 7. 46.

3. They doe not onely pride themselves with eare∣rings e but their noses are borcd also, and have jew∣ells hanging on them, which they call Caricori, like that is read, Esa. 3. 20, 21.

4. In all India f they wash themselves often, twice or thrice in the day, and the women in Brasile ten times saith Leriusg and the Jewes were frequent in this, Mar. 7. 3, 4. Io. 2. 6.

5. They delight exceedingly in dancing, h men and women, yea and women apart by themselves; and so they did in Israell. Exod. 13. 20. 1 Sam. 21. 11, 12. and thus especially after victories i and overthrows, of enemies, which is found also, Iud. 11. 34. Iud. 21. 21. 23. & 1 Sam. 18. 6, 7.

6. As the Jewes were wont to call them fathers and mothers, that were not their naturall parents, so k the Indians give the same appellation to Unkle and Aunts.

7. In America they eate no swines flesh l tis hate∣full to them, as it was among the Jewes, Levit. 11. 7. Esa. 66. 15.

8. They wash m strangers feet, and are very hos∣pitall to them, and this was the known commendation of old Israell.

9. The Indians compute their times by nights n an use which Laeto confesseth they had from the Hebrews; Page  8 they reckon by lunary rules, giving the same name to their moneths they do to the Moon, Tona.

10. Virginity is not a state praise-worthy among the Americanes p and it was a bewaileable condition in Iury, Iud. 11. 37.

11. The Natives q marry within their owne kin∣dred and family, this was Gods command to his people, Num. 36. 7.

12. The Indian women r are easily delivered of their children, without Midwives, as those in Exod. 1. 19.

13. They wash their infants newly born s and this you finde also, Ezek. 16. 9.

14. In faeminine seasons they put their women in a Wigwam by themselves, (t) for which they plead na∣ture * and tradition; another writes expresly such kind u of purification they have as had the Jewes.

15. The widdow marrieth w the brother of the deceased Husband, which was also Moses law, Mat. 22. 24.

16. Dowries for wives are given x by the Indians, as Saul enjoyned David, 1 Sam. 18. 25.

17. The husband hath power y over the adulterous wife, to turne her away with disgrace, they have also o∣ther causes of divorce, as was in Israel, Mat. 8. 19.

18. They nurse their owne children, z even the * Queenes in Peru, and so did the mothers in Israel.

19. The husbands come not at their wives till their children be weaned, (a) such an use is read Hos.8. * and at Pera if they be forced to weane them before their time, they call such children Ainsco, i. e ba∣stards.

20. Among the Indians b they punish by beating, Page  10 and whipping, and the Sachims if they please, put offen∣dors to death with their owne hands, and secretly some∣times send out an executioner, as Mark 6. 27. 2 Cor. 11. 25.

21. If a Brasilian wound another, c he must be pu∣nisht in the same part of his body, and with death, if the other die, for they also answer an eye for an eye, &c. as the law was. Deut. 24. 19.

22. When the master of the family dieth, he is bu∣ried in the middle of the house, d with his jewells, and other things he delighted in; the Spaniards were often made rich by such sepulchars, and Iosephuse tells of much treasure laid up even in Davids grave.

23. The Indians are given much to weeping, f their women especially, and at burialls; this was in fashion a∣mong the Jewes. Ier. 19. 17. Famous for this they were among the old heathen.

24. Balsamumg was peculiar to the Jewish Coun∣trey, and thought to be lost long agoe saith Pliny;h if it were, tis now found againe in America.

25. Their Princes and Governours whom they gene∣rally call Sachims, Sachmos, Sagamos, i are no o∣ther but heads of families, as it was of old in Israel. Num. 7. 2.

26. The Indians have their Posts k and Messengers that were swift of foot, whom they dispatcht upon their affaires, and they ran with speed, and such were among the Jewes. 2 Sam. 18. 24, 26, 27.