Chillingworthi novissima. Or, The sicknesse, heresy, death and buriall of William Chillingworth. (In his own phrase) Clerk of Oxford, and in the conceit of his fellow souldiers, the Queens arch-engineer, and grand-intelligencer. Set forth in a letter to his eminent and learned friends, a relation of his apprehension at Arundell, a discovery of his errours in a briefe catechism, and a shorr [sic] oration at the buriall of his hereticall book. By Francis Cheynell, late fellow of Merton Colledge. Published by authority.
Cheynell, Francis, 1608-1665.
Page  [unnumbered]

A briefe and plaine Relation of Mr Chillingworths Sicknesse, Death, and Buriall: together with a just Censure of his Works, by a Discovery of his Errours collected out of his Book, and framed into a kinde of A∣theisticall Catechisme, fit for Racovia or Cracovia:

And may well serve for the instruction of the Irish, Welch, Dutch, French, Spanish Army in England, and especially for the Black Regiment at Oxford.

I Am very religious in observing that old proverbe, if it be taken in its right sense, Nothing is to be spoken of the dead but good. If that be true which Quintilian saith, ad∣versus miseros (I may better say adversus mortuos inhumanus est jocus; that man is void of humanity who makes sport with the dead. Mr Chillingworth was looked upon by me at the first sight as a conquered man, and therefore I was not only civill, but (as he confessed) charitable unto him: and now he is dead, I cannot deale with him asaAsinius Pollio did with Plancus, set forth Page  [unnumbered] an Oration to which no answer is to be expected, unlesse ac∣cording to the desire of Saul or Dives, a messenger should arise from the dead to give me an answer as full of terrour as satisfaction. It is no glory to triumph over one that is con∣quered, nay dead; for that of the Poet is true,

Nullum cum victis certamen* & aethere cassis.

But I consider, that Mr Chillingworths party is alive, though he be dead; and though one of his Books is buried, there are many hundred Copies divulged; and therefore though I speak not of his humane frailties, or personall infir∣mities, and imperfections, which died with him; yet I may speak of his Hereticall Book, and of some destructive policies he used, which doe yet survive in their sad and lamentable effects. Iudge what I say, put the case a man commits noto∣rious crimes scandalously, because publiquely, and doth not only hold, but vent damnable heresies; and vent them not only in the Pulpit, but in the Presse; shall not his damnable heresies and printed heresies be confuted after his death? shall thousands be seduced and perish, and all Orthodox Divines silenced with that one Proverb, Nothing is to be spoken of the dead but good? Nay, put the case further yet, suppose a man hath had his head full of powder-plots, and his heart full of bloody desires, nay hath been a Ring-leader and Encourager of others to bloody practises against the very light of nature as well as Scripture; must nothing be said of such a man when he is gone, but good?

Mr Chillingworth and I met in Sussex by an unexpected providence: I was driven from my owne house by force of Armes, only (as the Cavaliers confessed) because I was no∣minated to be a Member of the Assembly: and when I heard that my Living was bestowed upon a Doctor (who if some Cambridge-men deceive me not, became the stage farre better then he doth the Pulpit) I resolved to exercise my Ministery in Sussex amongst my friends, in a place where there hath been little of the power of Religion either known Page  [unnumbered] or practised. About the latter end of November I travelled from London to Chichester, according to my usuall custome, to observe the monthly Fast; and in my passage, with a thank∣full heart I shall ever acknowledge it, I was guarded by a Convoy of 16 Souldiers, who faced about 200 of the enemies forces, and put them all to flight. Upon the twelfth of December I visited a brave Souldier of my acquaintance, Captain James Temple, who did that day defend the Fort at Bramber against a bold daring enemy, to the wonder of all the countrey: and I did not marvell at it, for he is a man that hath his head full of stratagems, his heart full of piety and valour, and his hand as full of successe as it is of dexterity: My gratefull pen might wel run on in his commendation, to the eternall shame of those who have been ungratefull to him, to whom they doe (under God) owe their preservation. But I intend not to defraud others of their deserved praise, who were present at that fierce encounter. There was present Colonell Harbert Morley, a Gentleman of a nimble apprehension & vigilant spirit; but the Cavaliers were kept at such a distance, that they never put the Colonels Regiment of horse to any trouble: There was present likewise Captaine Henry Carleton, the Antiprelaticall sonne of a learned Prelate, a man of a bold presence and fixed resolution, who loves his country better then his life. Captain Simon Ever∣den was there also, a man of slow speech, but sure performance, who deserves that Motto of the old Romane, Non tam facile loquor, quam quod locutus sum praesto. You cannot expect that I should name all the rest of the Commanders: But there were (you see) some difficulties in my way, which seemed insupe∣rable, and yet the Lord of Hosts did bring me thorow these dif∣ficulties safe from Bramber to Arundell, upon the 21 day of December, if I forget not. Master Chillingworth was at that time in Arundell Castle, which was surrendred to the much re∣nowned Commander Sir William Waller, Serjeant-Major-ge∣nerall of all the associated Counties in the East and West, upon the sixt of Ianuary. As soone as the Castle was surrendred, I repre∣sented Master Chillingworths condition to Sir William Waller, who commended him to the care of his worthy Chaplaine; Page  [unnumbered] and his Chaplaine shewed so much charity and respect towards him, that he laid him upon his owne bed, and supplied him with all necessaries which the place did afford. When the rest of the Prisoners were sent up to London, Master Chillingworth made it evident to me, that he was not able to endure so long a journey; and if he had been put to it, he had certainly died by the way: I desired therefore that his journey might bee shortned, and upon my humble motion he was sent to Chiche∣ster, where I intreated the Governour that he might be secured by some Officer of his acquaintance, and not put into the hands of the Marshall; the Governour gave order that Liev∣tenant Golledge should take charge of him, and placed him in the Bishop of Chichesters Palace, where he had very courte∣ous usage, and all accommodations which were requisite for a sicke man, as appeares by the testimony of his owne man at Oxford, and a Letter of thankfull acknowledgment from Ma∣ster Chillingworths father to Lievtenant Golledge: nay, by Ma∣ster Chillingworths Codicill, which hee desired should be an∣nexed to his Will, in which he gave 10 li. to Captaine King, 10 li. to Mistresse Mason, who keepes the Bishops house, and attended Master Chillingworth in his sicknesse, and 10 li. to Lievtenant Golledge: And it may further appeare by a Letter of Captain Kings sent to Oxford, and the testimony of Master Edmonds, his Apothecary; both which are as followes.

Captain Kings Letter sent to Mr Walter Iones, one of the Chaplains of Christ-Church in Oxford, Ian. 23.

Kind friend,

MAster Chillingworth was in so weake a condition, by reason of a violent fluxe, that I perswade my selfe hee could not have lived the first night of his journey, had he gone farther; for it was very tedious to him to be brought hither. He lyes very ill, and (for ought I perceive) in a desperate condition; and how God may dispose of him we know not: if any of his friends have a pur∣pose 〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered]Page  [unnumbered] to come into these parts, they shall have free passage without any molestation. Lievtenant Golledge performes the part of a reall friend in every kinde; neither is Christobell wanting in her best care and diligence. Lievtenant Golledge hath already disburst 10 li. or thereabout: It would not be amisse that some of Master Chillingworths friends were present with him, whilest there is some hope of life; for it will be a great satisfaction both to him and others: There must be no delayes either of time or money.

I heare that Master Chillingworths Sister, whom hee hath made Executrix, is travelling with childe, and therefore unfit for travell, but he is very confident she will not let him want for necessary supplies whilest he lives, and that hee may have decent buriall (befitting one of his merit) if it pleaseth God he chance to dye. Among other of his friends, I pray acquaint Doctor Shel∣den, the Warden of All-soules, with what is written, whom Ma∣ster Chillingworth doth very highly esteem.

Your very affectionate friend, Robert King.

From Chichester Jan. 23.

The testimony of Master Edmonds.

A Friend standing by him, desired him to declare himselfe in point of Religion, for two reasons: first, Because the Iesuites had much defamed and traduced him in that particular: second∣ly, Because he might be able to give an account to his friends, in case he should survive. He answered, he had declared himselfe already in that point sufficiently to the world. His friend told him, that there went abroad some hard opinions that he had of Iesus Christ, and wisht him to deale candidly and plainly to the world in that point. He answered, for those things he was setled and resolved, and therefore did not desire to be further troubled. Being demanded, what course should be taken for his interment, in case God should take him away in this place; he replied, that where ever God should please to take him, he would there be in∣terred; Page  [unnumbered] and (if it might be obtained) according to the custome of the Church of England; if not, the Lords will be done. And further (said hee) because the world will be apt to surmise the worst of things, and there may be some inquiry made after my usage in this place, I must testifie and declare to all the world, that I have received both of Master Golledge and his wife, abun∣dance of love, care, and tendernesse, where I deserved it not; and that I have wanted nothing which might be desired of them: and I must in all conscience and honesty doe them this right, to testifie the truth to the world: or to that effect.

Anthony Edmonds.

And for my part, I beleeve that in the course of nature hee might have recovered, had he not neglected and distrusted an able Doctor (who freely offered himselfe) onely because hee was Physician to Sir William Waller; sure I am that jealousie was more deadly then his disease. Yet Master Chillingworth did, when it was too late, discover and confesse his errour, and we perswaded the Doctor to visit him afterwards, and he was in an hopefull way of recovery: but then his spirit was much de∣jected, because his friends neglected, or delayed, to send him some good newes from Oxford: his heart was so set upon his release, and his head was still working and projecting, how he might be exchanged, or ransomed; and therefore certainly the Newes of his friends active endevours for his release, was the onely Cordiall which could possibly revive his spirits; and for want of such a Cordiall his heart was even dead within him be∣fore he died. I entreated him to plucke up his spirits, and not to yeeld to his disease; but I perceived, that though Reason be stout when it encounters with faith, yet reason is not so va∣liant when it is to encounter with affliction: and I cannot but observe, that many a Parliament-souldier hath been more chear∣full in a prison, then this discoursing Engineer, and learned Cap∣tive was in a Palace: Beleeve it, Reader, beleeve it, that nei∣ther gifts, nor parts, nor profession, nor any thing else but faith, will sustaine the spirit of a man in spirituall straights and world∣ly encombrances, when without there are fightings, and within there are fears.

Page  [unnumbered] Another reason there was, which (as I conceive) was very destructive to this Man of Reason; he was disrelished, and (I beleeve) abused by most of the great Officers who were taken Prisoners in Arundell-castle; they looked upon him as an in∣truder into their councells of warre, and (as one of them whis∣pered) the Queens intelligencer, who was set as a Spie over them and all their proceedings. When Major Molins came to treat, hee spake very coldly for Master Chillingworth; and a greater Commander then he, told me, that they were bound to curse that little Priest to the pit of hell, for he had been the ruine of them all: I replyed in his behalfe, that I wondered much that they should make so weake an Apology, for I could not beleeve that Master Chillingworths single Vote could turn their Councell of warre round, and make them giddy: The in∣genious Gentleman made use of the liberty of his judgement, and replyed;

Sir, Master Chillingworth hath so much credit at the Court, and the Court-councell hath so much influence into our military Councell, that we were even over-awed, and durst not contradict Master Chillingworth, for feare lest our owne resolutions might succeed ill, and then his counsell would have been esteemed the better.
I told the Gentle∣man, that I thought Master Chillingworth wanted experience for the ordering of military affaires, and therefore could not well apply the generall rules of reason aright, and bring them downe to practise in cases which were difficult, because unusu∣all. The Gentleman replyed,
Sir, Master Chillingworth is so confident of his great wit and parts, that hee conceives himselfe able to manage martiall affaires, in which hee hath no experience, by the strength of his owne wit and reason:
Sir (quoth I) you may forgive him, for though I hope to bee saved by faith, yet Master Chillingworth hopes that a man may be saved by reason, and therefore you may well give him leave to fight by reason. Sir (saith that witty Gentleman) I con∣fesse it is a sad objection, which I know not how to answere; and so in stead of an answere we went to dinner. But I did ex∣amine the businesse impartially afterwards, and perceive that these great Commanders have grossely abused Master Chilling∣worth,Page  [unnumbered] in laying all the blame upon him, as if he were guilty of losing the out-workes, the Towne, the Castle, and all; and therefore I shall doe Master Chillingworth so much right, as to offer some considerations, which may tend to his excuse or vin∣dication: For what though Master Chillingworth were the grand-Engineer at Glocester and Arundel, and both projects failed, the fault might be in the Officers and Souldiers, and not in the Engineer: Put the case the Lord Hopton, Baron of Stratton, Field-Marshall-generall of the West, promise to bring three thousand men, and the Engineer make a line of Communication which cannot be defended with fewer then two thousand; but the field-Marshall doth in the mean time forget himselfe, and quarter his men in three or foure Mani∣ples; but his enemy being a more wary and prudent Comman∣der, keeps his men in a contracted and compact body, which is too strong for the best of his Maniples, and falls upon one of the field-Marshals Quarters, takes and kills neare upon a thousand men, and the field-Marshall by such an unexpected blow is utterly disabled for the fulfilling of his promise, of sending three thousand, nay is not able to send above 1500 men: shall the Engineer or the field-Marshall be blamed in such a case?

Nay, what if the enemy advance before the Engineer hath quite finished his workes? yet if he hath made them defensible against any sudden onset, and the Souldiers, which should de∣fend the works, quit their Trenches, and runne all away, be∣fore any one man be slaine in the Trenches, shall the Engineere be blamed in such a case, or the Souldiers, who were stricken with feare when there was no considerable cause of feare?

Finally, if the Lord of Hosts, who did strike a terrour to the very heart of the Souldiers, doe shew himselfe a God of wis∣dome, and infatuate the counsels of the grand Achitophels; nay, shew himselfe a sin-revenging God, and smite the Souldiers in the Castle with deadly diseases, with one Pox more then they carried in with them, with the Flux, the Calenture, the spotted. Feaver, and the like: if in the midst of these distresses the Soul∣diers breake forth into a mutinous flame, and set all their fel∣lowes in a combustion, must the Engineer bee blamed if the Page  [unnumbered] Castle be surrendred in such a case? Now I appeale to their Councell of Warre, whether their case were not so like to these cases which have beene put, that it is hard to say wherein they differed. Let not then Master Chillingworth be charged with more faults then he was guilty of; I cannot but vindicate his reputation from all false aspersions, which are cast upon him by some who know not how to excuse themselves: I tooke all the care I could of his body whilest he was sicke, and will (as farre as he was innocent) take care of his fame and re∣putation now he is dead: nay, whilest he was alive, I tooke care of something more precious then his health or reputation, to wit, his precious and beloved soule; for in compassion to his foule I dealt freely and plainly with him, and told him that he had been very active in fomenting these bloudy warres against the Parliament and Common-wealth of England, his naturall countrey, and by consequent, against the very light of nature:

I acknowledge (saith he) that I have beene active in these warres, but I have ever followed the dictates of my consci∣ence; and if you convince me that I am in an errour, you shall not finde me obstinate.
I told him, I conceived that he might want sleep, being at that time newly come out of the Castle, and therefore I gave him time to refresh himselfe: and when I came to him againe, I asked him whether he was fit for discourse; he told me, yes, but somewhat faintly: I certi∣fied him, that I did not desire to take him at the lowest, when his spirits were flatted and his reason disturbed, but had much rather undertake him when he was at the highest, because I came prepared to receive satisfaction, and looked upon my selfe as unlikely to give satisfaction to one, whom I acknowledged so much above mee, in regard of his parts, gifts, experience; he having studied bookes and men, and more accurately dis∣cussed that question of State then ever I had done. He then told me, that he was pretty well refreshed, and as able (as he used to be in these times of distraction) for any discourse about that great controversie of State. He desired me to begin: I satisfied his desire, and told him that it would be very requisite in the first place to state the Question aright; for (as I conceived) Page  [unnumbered] many ingenious men were grossely mistaken even in the very state of the Question.

First then be pleased (quoth I) to consider, that the originall difference was not between the King and the Parliament, but be∣tween the Parliament and Delinquents; and indeed, betweene the Queen and the Parliament: I told him, that hee could not be ignorant that upon the fourth of January, two yeares agoe, the King went unto the Parliament upon the Queens errand; and I beleeved that he knew better then I, how much the Queen was discontented, because her bloody designe was not put in execution: He told me, that he could not deny it, and he would not excuse it. When I was going on to discourse about other matters of fact, he confessed very honestly, that he did now perceive, that they had no certaine information of matters of fact at Oxford: where∣by I perceived that it was no wonder that so many brave men were seduced to fight against the Parliament.

Vpon further discourse, he told me that he observed a great deale of piety in the Commanders and Souldiers of the Parlia∣ments Army:

I confesse (sath he) their discourse and beha∣viour doth speake them Christians, but I can finde little of God or godlinesse in our men; they will not seeke God whilest they are in their bravery, nor trust him when they are in distresse; I have much adoe (saith he) to bring them up∣on their knees, to call upon God, or to resigne themselves up to God, when they goe on upon any desperate service, or are cast into any perplexed condition.
I liked him well, when I heard him run on so fluently to this effect, and I closed with him, and desired him to tell me freely, whether in good earnest he thought the Parliament did intend any thing else then the taking of the wicked from before the King, the establishing of the Kings throne in justice, the setting up of Christs ordinances in power, purity, liberty, and the setling of the knowne lawes of the land, the priviledges of the Parliament, and liberties of the sub∣jects, in quiet and peace.

Sir (saith he) I must acknowledge that I doe verily be∣leeve that the intentions of the Parliament are better then the intentions of the Court, or of that Army which I have Page  [unnumbered] followed; but I conceive that the Parliament takes a wrong course to prosecute and accomplish their good intentions; for warre is not the way of Iesus Christ.

Truely I was ashamed to dispute with him any longer, when he had given me so much advantage: For first, he clearly condemned himselfe for being confederate with them, whose intentions were destructive; because no man must promote an ill designe by any meanes whatsoever, be they never so law∣full. Secondly, he confessed himselfe cleane out of his way when he was in Armes; for warre, saith he, (and he learnt to say so of the Anabaptists and Socinians) is not the way of Iesus Christ; all that he could say for himselfe was, that he had no command in the Army; and yet their greatest Officers told me, that in a true construction there was no man else that had a command to any purpose, but Master Chillingworth. And as touching their intentions, it is no hard matter to guesse at the intentions of the French and Spanish faction at Court, or the Irish intentions of the Papists, Prelates, Delinquents, &c. that fol∣low the Queens Army. I am sure one of the Captains that was taken Prisoner at Arundell, had a Spanish head, a French nose, and an Irish heart: And there was a Letter found in Arundell-Castle, which was directed to Master Beckingham, the Earle of Arundels Receiver, which doth declare the good intentions of the Queens Army. I took a copy of it, which I will here transcribe word for word.

Good Mr Beckingham,

I Doubt not but you are acquainted with the generall and volun∣tary contribution of the whole Catholikes of this Kingdome, both to declare the true affection of their hearts towards his Ma∣jesty, in this, as in all other occasions: as also to exhibite such aid as their estates doe afford, to assist his Majesty in this pre∣sent businesse, which doth concerne each one in particular.

The monies which the Catholikes are to give, must be presented this Terme, and therefore I entreat you that you will be pleased that what your liberality will bestow in so good a cause, you will cause it to be delivered to me in London, and I shall give (an ac∣count Page  [unnumbered] thereof to such as it doth concern, and) you a sufficient dis∣charge.

The subscription and name was torne away.

I need not make any observations upon this Letter, it speakes for it selfe; and it speaks so bad English, and such per∣fect policy, that I beleeve the man that writ it was no English∣man borne.

There was a Commission found there likewise (which doth declare their good intentions) directed to Sir Edward Ford, &c. to secure the persons of all men in Sussex, who had contri∣buted to the Parliament, and to seize their estates, and sell their goods to the utmost value, for the best advantage of his Majesty; and the Commissioners were to give an account of their service to the field-Marshall Generall, Baron of Stratten, Commander in chiefe of all his Majesties forces in Surrey, Sus∣sex, Kent, &c. Now their intentions are as you see: And as touching the meanes used, Master Chillingworth himself would not say that the Queen and her adherents, Prelates, Papists, Delinquents, Malignants, of the French conspiracy, the Spa∣nish faction, or the Irish Rebellion, and their confederates, doe take better courses, and use more lawfull meanes to accomplish their intentions, and bring about their designes, then the Par∣liament of England, the Kingdome of Scotland, and the Prote∣stants in Ireland: since then Master Chillingworth did (as all in∣genuous and active spirits doe) detest Neutrality, hee might have seene (for hee had light enough to see) the way of Jesus Christ.

I desired him to tell me, whether the highest Court of justice in the Kingdome may not compell Delinquents (who are protected by force against Law) to come in by force of Armes, that they may be tryed according to Law?

First, hee acknowledged that the Parliament is the highest Court; and therefore (I conclude) not to be controlled by some few of the Kings Councell, or by a pretended Assembly, consisting of Fugitives and Delinquents. Secondly, saith he, I must deale plainly with you, though the Parliament hath 〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered]Page  [unnumbered] voted some to be Delinquents, and the Queen her selfe to be a Traitour, yet I doe not beleeve that their judgement is infal∣lible. I was able to answere him out of his owne booke, that the judgment of a Court or person (especially where there is evi∣dence of the fact) may be certaine, though that Court or person be not infallible: Secondly, though the judgment of the highest Court be not infallible, yet it is finall, and therefore we cannot appeale from the judgement of the Parliament, to any Court, but the Court of heaven. True, (saith Master Chillingworth) but this is it which stickes with me, that there is no fundamentall constitution for the government of this Kingdome by a standing Parliament: To which I had many answers to returne; first, there is a fundamentall constitution for the government of this Kingdome by the three Estates: secondly, there is a Law for the frequency of Parliaments: and thirdly, the vertue and strength of every Parliament continues in the Acts of every Parliament, by which the Kingdome is governed, even after the dissolution of that Parliament; every Parliament doth live in its unrepealed Acts, and therefore lives even after its disso∣lution; and in that respect wee have many Parliaments yet standing; some old Elisabeth-Parliaments doe as yet live, breath, move, and operate, with strength and vigour: fourthly, there is an Act passed for the continuance of this Parliament, by the unanimous consent of all three Estates; and the Kings Councell could not find any other probable meanes under heaven for the dis∣engaging of his Majesty, then the framing and passing of that Act of continuance. Master Chillingworth (putting off his hat) cryed, I acknowledge that Act with all reverence, and there is your strength. He seemed pretty well satisfied with that answere; and as touching the way of Jesus Christ, I desired to know whe∣ther the Saints were not to make warre against the Whore and the Beast? Whether it be not an act of charity, for Protestants to lay downe their lives for their Brethren? Whether it be not an act of faith, to waxe valiant in fight for the defence of that faith, which was once delivered to the Saints? I perceived my Gentleman somewhat puzled, and I tooke my leave, that he might take his rest.

Page  [unnumbered] My heart was moved with compassion towards him, and I gave him many visits after this first visit; but I seldome found him in fit case to discourse, because his disease grew stronger and stronger, and he weaker and weaker: I desred to know his opinion concerning that Liturgy which hath beene formerly so much extolled, and even idolized amongst the people; but all the answer that I could get was to this purpose, that there were some truths which the Ministers of the Gospel are not bound upon paine of damnation to publish to the people: and indeed he conceived it very unfit to publish any thing con∣cerning the Common-Prayer-Book, or the Book of Ordina∣tion &c. for feare of scandall. I was sorry to heare such an answer drop from a dying man and I conceived it could not but be much more scandalous, to seduce or hoodwink the people, then to instruct and edifie them in a point which did di∣rectly concerne the publike worship of God in this Land.

When I found him pretty hearty one day, I desired him to tell me, whether he conceived that a man living and dying a Turk, Papist, or Socinian, could be saved?

All the answer that I could gaine from him was, that he did not absolve them, and would not condemne them. I was much displeased with the answer upon divers reasons: First, because the question was put home, of a man living and dying, so or so. Secondly, it was frivolous to talk of Absolution, for it was out of question that he could not absolve them. Thirdly, it shewed that he was too well perswaded of Tur∣cism and Socinianism, which runne exactly parallel in too many points. Fourthly, he seems to Anathematize the So∣cinians in the Preface to the Author of Charity, maintained Sect. 28. when Knot had reckoned up some Socinian Tenets, Mr Chillingworth answers, Whosoever teaches or holds them, let him be Anathema. I have not Knots Book by me now, I meane his direction to N. N. and Mr Chillingworth was so wise as not to reckon up the number of those impious doctrins, or name them in particular, because they were all fathered upon him, and he would not assist Mr Knot so farre in the spreading of his owne undeserved defamation, ibid. Sect. 28. Page  [unnumbered] I am afraid that Knot reckoned up too many points of Soci∣nianism, or did not forme his Interrogations aright, and then Mr Chillingworth might safely anathematize, and yet be a Socinian in many points which were not reckoned up, or not well expressed; And yet his Anathema is warily pronounced, he doth not say, Whosoever teaches or holds them or any of them, let him be Anathema. Moreover, if the Socinians be asked, whether Christ be God, they will say, Yes; but then they meane that he is the Sonne of God, borne after an ex∣traordinary manner by the overshadowing of the holy Ghost, Luke 1. 31, 32, 35. or that the word of God came unto him, and therefore is called God, because of his extraordinary Com∣mission from God, or the like, Iohn 10. 35. Now either Mr Chillingworth was guilty of some such equivocation and fly evasion, or else he grew worse and worse, and would not ana∣thematize a grosse Socinian. And if in these latter dayes Se∣ducers grow worse and worse, I shall not wonder at it, 2 Tim. 3. 13.

When Mr Chillingworth saw himselfe entangled in dis∣putes, he desired me that I would deale charitably with him, for, saith he, I was ever a charitable man: my answer was somewhat tart, and therefore the more charitable, considering his condition, and the counsell of the Apostle, Titus 1. 13. Re∣buke them sharply, or (as Beza hath it) precisely, that they may be sound in the faith; And I desire not to conceale my tart∣nesse, it was to this effect: Sir, it is confessed that you have beene very excessive in your charity; you have lavished out so much charity upon Turks, Socinians, Papists, that I am afraid you have very little to spare for a truly reformed Protestant; sure I am, the zealous Protestants finde very little charity at Oxford.

The last time I visited him, was on the Lords day, for I thought it a Sabbath-duty, and then he began to speak of some questions which I formerly propounded to him, whereof this was one; Whether Tyranny was Gods Ordinance? I pre∣sently took him off from that discourse, because I knew he had beene laid up fast by that argument before; for it is impossible Page  [unnumbered] that any man should ever prove, that Tyranny is not to be re∣sisted upon this ground, because we must not resist Gods Or∣dinance, unlesse they could prove, that which is blasphemy to mention, viz. That Tyranny is Gods Ordinance. I desired him that he would now take off his thoughts from all matters of Speculation, and fix upon some practicall point which might make for his Edification.

He thanked me (as I hope) very heartily, and told me that in all points of Religion he was setled, and had fully expressed himselfe for the satisfaction of others in his Book, which was approved and licensed by very learned and judicious Divines. Upon further discourse I began to tell him what meditation did most comfort me in times of Extremity: and I added that the meditation was very proper for a man in his condition, if he could lay hold upon the Covenant of Grace. I made choise of that Scripture, 2 Sam. 23. the five first verses; and I began to open the fifth verse a little to him: I told him that all our hopes of salvation are grounded upon the Covenant of Grace, for it is a sure Covenant, an ordered Covenant, nay, a Cove∣nant in all things ordered and sure, an everlasting Covenant, a saving Covenant; they were Davids last words, this is all my salvation. And I presse this point the rather, because he doth acknowledge in his Book, that the Doctrine about the Covenant is a Fundamentall Doctrine; and because his ex∣pressions are very imperfect and obscure in his subtle Book, I was in good hope that he would have explained himselfe more fully and clearly in that Fundamentall point; but I could not obtaine what I desired. Not long after I told him, that I did use to pray for him in private, and asked him whether it was his desire that I should pray for him in publique: he answered, yes, with all his heart; and he said withall, that he hoped he should fare the better for my prayers.

I observed that Mr Chillingworth was much troubled with a sore throat, and oppressed with tough phlegme, which would certainly choak him up▪ if there were not some sudden re∣medy. I sent therefore to a Chirurgeon, one of Mr Chil∣lingworths beliefe, an able man, that pleased him well, and Page  [unnumbered] gave him some ease. And the next day being Munday, at our morning-exercise in the Cathedrall, I desired the soul∣diers and Citizens that they would in their prayers remem∣ber the distressed estate of Mr Chillingworth a sick Prisoner in the City, a man very eminent for the strength of his parts, the excellency of his gifts, and the depth of his learning: I told them that they were commanded to love their enemies, and therefore were bound to pray for them, especially when God moved the heart of an enemy to desire their prayers: We prayed heartily that God would be pleased to bestow saving graces as well as excellent gifts upon him, that so all his gifts might be improved and sanctified: we desired that God would give him new light, and new eyes, that he might see, acknowledge, and recant his errours, that he might deny his carnall reason, and submit to faith: that God would blesse all meanes which were used for his recovery, &c.

I beleeve none of his friends or my enemies can deny that we made a respectfull and Christian mention of him in our prayers. The same day I rid to Arundel to move the Doctor to come over againe to visit Mr Chillingworth, but the Doctour was sent for out of Town (before I got thither) to visit Sir William Springot, and so I lost my journey, and the Doctour saw him no more. In my absence a religious Officer of Chichester garrison followed my suit to Mr Chil∣lingworth, and entreated him to declare himselfe in point of Religion; but Mr Chillingworth appealed to his Book againe, and said he was setled, as you may see it more largely set down in Mr Edmonds his Testimony before. From my first visitation of Mr Chillingworth to the last, I did not finde him in a condition which might any way move mee (had I beene his deadly enemy) either to flatter or envy him, but rather to pity and pray for him, as you see I did. I dare appeale to his eminent and learned friends, whether there could bee more mercy shewn to his body, or charity to his soule, whilst he was alive? Consider what it is worth to have a fortnights space to repent in. O what would Dives have proffered for such a mercy? if Mr Chillingworth did Page  [unnumbered] not emprove it, that was not fault of mine; And shall not my charity to his soule and body whilest he was alive, acquit me from being uncharitable towards him after his death? No rea∣sonable man will deeme mee guilty of such an uncharitable madnesse as to be angry with a carcasse, or to goe wrestle with a ghost; for I consider that his ghost might cry in faciem se∣peli, Bury me with my face downward, if you please, for when the Macedonians (give me leave to change the story a little, and say▪ when the Irish) come, and they were then neare us, they will turn all upside down: I am no Sylla, I did not give any command to scatter the reliques of Marius:* though I have not much Wisedome, yet I have more charity then to deserve that lash of the Oratour, He had beene more wise had he beene lesse violent; and yet I will confesse that I am, and ought to be violent for Christ and Heaven, and my passions are too often as hot as my zeale, but They may beare with small faults, and in this businesse I have proceeded with deliberation and modera∣tion: I consider that I am in the body, and my body may be delivered (I know not how soone) into the enemies hand; I doe not expect (though I might desire) that halfe that mercy which I shewed to Master Chillingworth may be shewen to me; Defunctorum cineribus violentiam inferre sacrilega prae∣sumptio est, is a Rule (if I mistake not) in the Civill Law; and I shall be able to justifie my carriage in the businesse of his Fu∣nerall to the face of his greatest Patrons, from all inhumanity or sacriledge,

Sacrilegae bustis abstinuere manus.

Let us (if you please) take a view of all our proceedings, and of Master Chillingworths opinions, and then (I am afraid) some will say there was a little foolish pity shewed on my part and the uncharitablenesse will be found in them onely, who censure me for want of charity.

First, there were all things which may any way appertaine to the civility of a funerall, though there was nothing which be∣longs to the superstition of a funerall: His body was decently Page  [unnumbered] laid in a convenient coffn, covered with a mourning Herse∣cloth, more seemly (as I conceive) then the usuall covering, patched up out of the mouldy reliques of some moth-eaten copes: His friends were entertained (according to their owne desire) with Wine and Cakes; though that is, in my conceit, a turn∣ing of the house of mourning into an house of banqueting: All that offered themselves to carry his corps out of pure devotion, because they were men of his perswasion, had every one of them (according to the custome of the countrey) a branch of Rose∣mary, amourning Ribband, and a paire of Gloves. But (as it doth become an impartiall Historian) I confesse there were three severall opinions concerning his buriall.

The first opinion was negative and peremptory, That hee ought not to be buried like a Christian, 1. Who refused to make a full and free confession of Christian Religion: 2. Nay, if there had been nothing else against him, but his taking up of Armes against his countrey, that they conceived a sufficient reason to deny the buriall of his corps. I will not trouble you with many reasons, that one place of Scripture was to them in stead of many reasons, to prove that an Heathen might be buried in all the outward pompe and glory that can be devised, rather then one who hath destroyed his owne land, and slaine his own people, Isa. 14. 18, 19, 20. All the Kings of the Nations, even all of them lye in glory, every one in his owne house; But thou art cast out of thy grave, like an abominable branch, and as the rai∣ment of those that are slaine, thrust thorow with a sword, that go downe to the stones of the pit, as a carcasse trodden under feet: Thou shalt not be joyned with them in buriall, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slaine thy people, (marke that Reason:) the seed of evill doers shall never bee renowned. In the third place, some were bold to say that he was Felo de se, guilty of his owne death, by his foole-hardinesse. Finally, it was al∣ledged that he was an Heretick, no member of any of the Re∣formed Churches, and therefore to be reckoned as an Excom∣municated person; now you know what law it is which deni∣eth buriall to Heretikes, and Excommunicated persons, though they be excommunicated for inconformity onely, for not ap∣pearing, Page  [unnumbered] or not paying of 3. s. 4. d. or some such like cause; Read Pickerings Case in the high Commission. The truth is, we looked upon Master Chillingworth as a kinde of Non-con∣formist, nay (to speake strictly) a Recusant rather then a Non-conformist; for Non-conformists refuse to subscribe to Canons which concerne Discipline, but Master Chillingworth refused to subscribe some Articles of Religion, as he himselfe acknow∣ledges though he thought charitably of them who did sub∣scribe them: For (he saith) he doth not undertake the pecu∣liar defence of the Church of England, but the common cause of Protestants; and yet he doth not hold the doctrine of all Pro∣testants true, because they hold contradictions, yet he concei∣ved them free from all errour destructive of salvation: and though he did make scruple of subscribing the truth of one or two Propositions, yet he thought himselfe fit enough to maintaine, that those who doe subscribe them are in a saveable condition, See the Preface to the Author of Charity maintained Sect. 39. You see Master Chillingworth did refuse to subscribe. What thinke ye (Gentlemen are not Chichester men pretty good Disputants? Can you confute these Reasons? If you can; doe your best; if you cannot, I have no reason to prompt you; scratch your heads, beat your deskes, bite your nailes, and I will goe sleep, and will not heare what they said of Master Chillingworths Argument on Fieldings case.

The second opinion was your opinion, and the opinion of such as you are, my good friends at Athens; the men of a Cathedrall spirit thought it fit that Master Chillingworth, be∣ing a member of a Cathedrall, should be buried in the Cathe∣drall; and being Cancellarius, it was conceived that he should be buried intra cancellos, and rot under the Altar, neare the pot of Incense, that the constant perfume of the Incense might excuse the thrift of his Executrix—Ossa inodora dedit. It was answered, that he was of or belonging to the Cathedrall at Sarum, and therefore they might carry him thither; but then his Will could not be performed, because he desired to be buried at Chichester, in case he did end his dayes in that Ci∣ty. But some more serious conceived, that this desire of bu∣rying Page  [unnumbered] him intra cancellos was but the issue of a superstitious conceit, that the Chancell, or sanctum sanctorum, was more holy then other places; and the carcasse of a Priest as sacred as that holy ground: And it was their opinion that a modest and well-grounded deniall of this request, would be the most effectuall confutation of that superstitious conceit. The ground of the deniall was Master Chillingworths phantasie, viz. That there are two wayes to make men faithfull, (and consequent∣ly to bring them to Heaven) without either necessity of Scrip∣ture or Church; his words are these; And Saint Paul tells us, that 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 might be knowne by his workes, and that they had the Law written in their hearts: Either of these wayes might make some faithfull men, without either necessity of Scrip∣ture or Church, Cap. 2. Sect. 124. pag. 100. the first Edition: Now shew me any place of Scripture (say they) to prove that such a mans corps should be buried in the Church, who main∣taines that men may be saved without Church or Scripture. This passage is the more observable, because in some places of his booke he would beare us in hand, that he doth not thinke that Heathens shall be immediately saved without faith in Christ; See chap 3. Sect. 13. pag. 133. but you see he doth not mince the matter in the place fore-cited, for it is cleare and evident that there is nothing of the Gospel written in the heart by nature, or in any of the workes of God by the first creation.

The third opinion (which prevailed) was this, that it would be fittest to permit the men of his owne perswasion, out of meere humanity, to bury their dead out of our sight; and to bury him in the cloysters, amongst the old Shavelings, Monkes, and Priests, of whom he had so good an opinion all his life.

The Prelaticall men doe conceive, that there is a kinde of holinesse in a cloyster; no excommunicated person must be bu∣ried there, unlesse there be an absolution sent, either before the death of the party, or to the dead corps, (which they must call their beloved brother) because they themselves are as loth∣some and rotten as the corps: Nay, a Papist must not be buried in the Cloysters without speciall dispensation from the Bishop; and you know the Prelates would dispense with Papists alive or Page  [unnumbered] dead. It is usuall to bury men of good rank and quality in Collegiate Cloysters; and sure I am, the Cavaliers doe not bury their dead so honourably, though they esteeme them the Queenes Martyrs, they throw them into ditches or rivers.

Finally, Mr Chillingworths bones shall rest without any disturbance, he shall not be used as Wicliffe was by Papists, or as Bucer was served by the Prelaticall faction at Cam∣bridge,* who vouchsafed him an Honourable buriall in the dayes of Edward the sixth, anno 1551. because they knew it would be an acceptable service in the eyes of Saint Ed∣ward, as judicious Hooker styles him; but in the dayes of Queen Mary (the first of that name) the same men pluc∣ked him out of his grave againe after an inhumane and bar∣barous manner: but in Queen Elizabeths dayes, the same men wheeled about a third time, and made an honourable commemoration of him againe in Panegyricall Orations, and flattering verses. Mr Chillingworth was buried by day, and therefore we had no Torches or Candles at his grave. Tertullian assures me,* that the Christians used no such cu∣stome, though the Heathens did, and the Antichristians now doe. Non frangimus lucernis, lucem Dei. I know no reason why Candles were used by Heathens at the Funerall of the dead, but because they did burne the dead bodies.

—subjectam more parentum
Aversae tenuêre facem—

Observe that I say, at the Funerall, for I know full well that they had some Anniversary Commemorations, at which it was usuall to bring Candles, and burne them at Sepulchers in honour of the Dead. I remember a famous instance in Suetonius in the life of Augustus, there is mention made of a great company who flocked together at the Tomb-stone of one Masgabas, who had beene dead about a yeare, and they brought abundance of lights thither, as their custome was. But it is strongly objected that my great and unanswe∣rable fault was, that I did in extremo actu deficere, I refused Page  [unnumbered] to bury him my selfe, and left it to others: Sirs, I confesse it, and shall deale freely and candidly in the businesse.

First, Mr Chillingworth in his life time, desired to have some part of the Common-prayer-book read over his Corps at the grave in case it should please God to take him away into another world by that sicknesse. Now I could not yeeld to this request of his for many reasons which I need not spe∣cifie; yet I shall say enough to give satisfaction to reasonable and modest men. I conceive it absurd and sinfull to use the same forme of words at the buriall of all manner of persons; namely, to insinuate that they are all elected, that they doe all rest in Christ, that we have sure and certaine hope of their salvation, &c. these and the like passages I durst not make use of upon that occasion; and all this, and a great deale more, was de∣sired by Mr Chillingworth: blame me not if I did choose ra∣ther to satisfie my owne conscience, then his desire; for what learned Doctor Ʋsher saith of more Ancient Formes of praise and prayer, is true of these passages; which kinde of Inter∣cessions, &c. proved an occasion of confirming men in divers errours, especially when they began once to be applied not only to the good but to evill livers also, unto whom by the first institution they never were intended. Dr Ʋsher his Answer to the Jesuites Challenge, pag. 192. Edit. Lon∣don 1625.

Secondly,* I doe not know to what end and purpose wee should pray over the dead, unlesse we conceive it fitting to pray for the dead. I doe consider upon what slight occasions the people have heretofore runne into intolerable errours; and there is a kinde of naturall superstition ingraffed in the minde of ingenuous men in this great businesse: men are apt to slide out of their civility and blinde devotion, into detestable superstition. They who began to complement with the dead at first, did little dream that their Complements should be urged as Argu∣ments to prove that we may make prayers to the dead: and yet they who have searched farthest into the originall of that Page  [unnumbered] rotten superstition, and grosse idolatry, doe as clearly demon∣strate my observation to be solid and rationall, as if it were a truth written with a Sun-beame: Take Doctor Fields observa∣tion upon this Argument; Notwithstanding (saith he) it is most certaine that many particular men extended the meaning of these Prayers further &c.—and so it is true (saith Doctor Field) that Calvin saith, That many of the Fathers were led into errour in this matter of prayer for the dead, &c. See his third Booke of the Church, and the 17 Chapter.

They conceived that the Saints continue their love to their brethren which they left behind them, that therefore they re∣commend to God those particular necessities of their brethren, which were made knowne to them here: nay, they did entreat Saints, lying on their death-beds, not to forget their friends on earth when they were translated to heaven. Adde to this, their reckoning up the names of Martyrs at the Eucharist; the Sacrifice of praise; the anniversary commemorations, and Pa∣negyricall Orations, on the severall dayes of their friends death, and I need say no more: Read the same Author (Do∣ctor Field) in the same Book, the 20 chapter, and you will be satisfied.

When I read of Funeralls in the old Testament,* celebrated in the presence of Idolaters mingled with the faithfull servants of God, is there any probability that there were any Prayers made over the dead corps? would the Idolaters have joined with the faithfull in any spirituall exercise of Religion presen∣ted to the true God? The Heathens had strange conceits, that by Prayers and Sacrifices Persephone might be appeased, and so the deceased party fare much the better for the sacrifices, or the prayers; (shadowed by the Sacrifices) for with them the Devill was worshipped, and so (as they thought) appeased: Read Doctor Reynolds in the first Tome of his prelections on the Apocrypha, pag. 1498. Itaque Persephone & sacrificiis & pre∣cibus placabatur ab Ʋlysse, Odyssea 11. Apollonius apud Philo∣stratum lib. 4. cap. 5. qui negat sibi opus fuisse, obtulit tamen pre∣ces & orationes; atque ita, aut sacrificiis, aut orationibus, quas sacrificia adumbrabant, placabatur Sathanas, colebatur & ado∣rabatur.Page  [unnumbered] Now if prayers were made over the dead by Heathe∣nish Idolaters, and are still made by Romish Idolaters; and the Reformed Churches have no such custome; I humbly conceive that I shall not be condemned by any sober Christian, for not imitating Heathens or Papists.

Be pleased to observe the practise of Reformed Churches, and then you will not deeme me singular in my opinion. There was a Liturgy printed not long since, and presented to the Par∣liament, (let it not be thought the worse because it came from Geneva, or because it is said to be approved by Mr. Calvin, and the Church of Scotland) and in that Liturgy you shall find that there was no great store of Service said or done at the interring of the dead corps: The corps is reverently brought to the Grave, without any further Ceremonies; which being buried, the Minister, if he be present and required, (observe those two li∣mitations) goeth to the Church, if it be not farre off, (marke that likewise) and maketh some comfortable exhortation to the people, touching death and resurrection. You see that in their judgement the corps may be reverently interred without a Minister; yet if he be present, there are no prayers appoin∣ted to be said over the dead body; but the Minister is to repaire to the Church, and preach to the Congregation, as I did upon the advantage of the like occasion.

The practise of the Church of Scotland is set forth by that reverend and learned Commissioner of Scotland, Master Ru∣therford, Professour of Divinity at Saint Andrewes, cap. 20. art. 9. p. 319. in these words: Interring and buriall is not perfor∣med in the Word of God with preaching, reading Service over the dead, singing Scniptures (as Papists) which tend to superstition, &c.— The place of buriall with us is not under the Altar, or the place of Assembling (the Church) for the Word or Sa∣craments, as Papists do, but in some publike place, either near the Church, or some inclosed field; because the Jewes buried some∣times in a Cave, Gen. 25. 9. sometimes in a Valley, Deut. 34. 6. somtimes in a garden, Joh. 19. 41. I hope you wil not say at Ox∣ford that there's no Christian buriall to be had in Scotland, be∣cause they doe not interre the corps in the Church, or read Ser∣vice over the dead.

Page  [unnumbered] But however you'll say it must be acknowledged that sing∣ing of Hymnes, and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 were used of old amongst funerall offices.

To which I answere,* that the learned Doctor Ʋsher proves out of the Author of the Ecclesiasticall Hierarchy, that such a Rite could not be observed in its pomp and glory unlesse there had been some Bishop present, at whose sacred hands the dead body might receive as it were a sacred coronation.

2. The singing of Psalmes, and these thanksgiving prayers, are not signes of mourning, but rejoicing: and how it would have been interpreted at Oxford (you may judge) had we shewne the least signe of rejoicing at the fall of such a subtile enemy.

3. In those hymnes and Psalmes they did expresse their confidence,* that the deceased party was crowned in glory; and of that I have said enough above, to shew that I had no such confidence.

But if any of Master Chillingworths Catholike friends at Ox∣ford should speake out, and tell me that there may (as Augu∣stine saith) be Petitions and Propitiations, made for men that are not very bad, after their death; I will ingenuously confesse that Augustines judgment was very unsetled in this point, and di∣verse of his expressions are inexcusable: But to answere them according to their folly, if they conceive that Master Chilling∣worth was a Martyr for the Catholike cause, they will likewise acknowledge (as Augustine in sundry places doth) that to frame Petitions for a Martyr after his death, is an injury to the Mar∣tyr, and to the cause for which he suffered.

If any man doe yet remaine unsatisfied, let him consider, that had I conceived it fitting to read some Service over a dead corps, yet it could not be expected in reason and equity that I should performe this last office to the body of Master Chilling∣worth: For it is well knowne, that long before these unnatu∣rall and bloudy warres, in the times of greatest compliance, I never gave Mr Chillingworth the right hand of fellowship, but did freely and constantly protest against those damnable heresies, which he did cunningly subintroduce & vent in this Kingdom, not onely whilest he was a professed Papist, but since his preten∣ded Page  [unnumbered] conversion, (give me leave to call it so) you will see there is good ground for that diminishing term, when you come to read the Catechism anon. I am not ashamed to tell the whole Ʋni∣versity, the whole Kingdome, that I never looked upon Master Chillingworth as my brother, in a religious respect, for we were not men of the same Religion, or Communion: to speak plaine we were not members of the same Church, for (as he saith truely in his subtile booke) they who differ in Fundamentall points are not members of the same Church one with another, any more then Protestants are members of the same Church with Papists. Chap. 3. Sect. 9. pag. 131.

Finally, it was favour enough to permit Master Chilling∣worths disciples or followers, the men of his perswasion, to per∣form this last office to their friend and Master. Now there was free liberty granted to all the Malignants in the City to attend the Herse, and interre his corps. Sure I am, that if Mr Chil∣lingworth had beene as Orthodoxe and zealous a Preacher as John the Baptist was, he might have had as honourable a buri∣all as John the Baptist had; for all the honour that John had, was to be buried by his owne Disciples, Matth. 14. 12. If the doctrine of this eminent Scholar was hereticall, and his Disciples were Malignants, I am not guilty of that difference. As devout Stephen was carried to his buriall by devout men, so is it just and equall that Malignants should carry Malignants to their grave. By Malignants I meane such kinde of men who joyne with the enemy, or are willing upon any occasion offered to joyne with him, to promote the Antichristian Designe now on foot; those, and onely those, I call Malignants. When the Malig∣nants brought his Herse to the buriall, I met them at the grave with Master Chillingworths booke in my hand; at the buriall of which booke I conceived it fit to make this little speech following.

A Speech made at the Funerall of Mr Chillingworths mortall Booke.

BRethren, it was the earnest desire of that eminent Scholar, whose body lyes here before you, that his corps might be in∣terred Page  [unnumbered] according to the Rites and customs approved in the English Liturgy, and in most places of this Kingdom heretofore received: but his second request (in case that were denied him) was, that he might be buried in this City, after such a manner as might be ob∣tained, in these times of unhappy difference and bloudy warres. His first request is denied for many reasons, of which you cannot be ignorant. It is too well knowne that he was once a professed Pa∣pist, and a grand seducer; he perverted divers persons of conside∣r••••anke and quality; and I have good cause to beleeve that his •…e to England, commonly called his Conversion, was but a false and pretended Conversion: And for my owne part, I am fully convinced that he did not live or dye a genuine Sonne of the Church of England; I retaine the usuall phrase, that you may know what I meane; I meane, he was not of that Faith or Reli∣gion, which is established by Law in England. Hee hath left that phantasie, which he called his Religion, upon record in this subtile booke: He was not ashamed to print and publish this de∣structive tenet, That there is no necessity of Church or Scrip∣ture to make men faithfull men, in the 100 page of this unhappy booke, and therefore I refuse to bury him my selfe; yet let his friends and followers, who have attended his Herse to this Gol∣gotha, know, that they are permitted, out of meere humanity, to bury their dead out of our sight. If they please to undertake the buriall of his corps, I shall undertake to bury his errours, which are published in this so much admired, yet unworthy booke; and happy would it be for this Kingdome, if this booke and all its fel∣lowes could be so buried, that they might never rise more, unlesse it were for a confutation; and happy would it have been for the Author, if he had repented of those errours, that they might ne∣ver rise for his condemnation; Happy, thrice happy will he be, if his workes doe not follow him, if they doe never rise with him, nor against him.

Get thee gone then, thou cursed booke, which hast seduced so many precious soules; get thee gone, thou corrupt rotten booke, earth to earth, and dust to dust; get thee gone into the place of rottennesse, that thou maist rot with thy Author, and see corruption. So much for the buriall of his errours.

Page  [unnumbered] Touching the buriall of his corps, I need say no more then this, It will be most proper for the men of his perswasion to com∣mit the body of their deceased Friend, Brother, Master, to the dust, and it will be most proper for me to hearken to that counsell of my Saviour, Luk. 9. 60. Let the dead bury their dead, but go thou and preach the Kingdom of God. And so I went from the grave to the Pulpit, and preached on that Text to the Congregation.

Some conceive that I studied on purpose, to picke out the most piercing Text in the Bible; a Text which doth much re∣flect upon the party deceased: but these men erre, not knowing the Scriptures; for had I used that Prayer at Master Chilling∣worths grave (which was dictated by the Spirit upon the like occasion, the fall of a great enemy of Israel, Judges 5. 31.) doubtlesse that Prayer would have reflected more upon the party deceased, and all his surviving party: So let all thine ene∣mies perish, O Lord, but let them that love thee be as the Sunne when he goes forth in his strength. They would have beene more displeased, had I taken that Text, which is applyed to no lesse a man then the sonne of Iosiah, by the Prophet Ieremiah: They shall not lament for him saying, Ah my brother, or, ah sister▪—ah Lord, or ah his glory: He shall be buried with the buriall of an asse, drawne and cast forth beyond the gates of Ieru∣salem, Ierem. 22. 18, 19. Doubtlesse that man deserves the bu∣riall of an Asse, who beleeves his owne Reason more then the God of truth; he that dares not condemne, nay, admires those for rationall men, who would reason Christ and the holy Ghost out of their Godhead, and even dispute them both out of the Trinity, doth certainly deserve the buriall of an Asse. Man is born like a wild asses colt, as silly, wild, and coltish as the Colt of a wilde Asse; and if he prove an old Colt, and perish by his Coltish trickes, wonder not at the sharpe censure of the holy Ghost. You see then there are sharper Texts then this that I pitched upon for the ground of my discourse.

Secondly, all that understand that Text, Luke 9. 60. will acknowledge, that the Text did reflect rather upon the living, then the dead. But why then was he buried at all? I have Page  [unnumbered] told you already, his followers were permitted to bury him out of meere Humanity. I pleaded for his buriall from that great example recorded at length by the holy Ghost, 2 Sam. 1. from the eleventh verse to the end of the chapter. Saul you know was forsaken of God long before his death; the spirit of the Lord, (the excellent gifts and common graces of the Spirit in particular) the spirit of government departed from him: Moreover, he consulted a witch, and by her the Devill at En∣dor, and an evill spirit from the Lord took possession of him; yet Saul was solemnly buried, bewailed, nay extolled by Da∣vid for those things which were lovely in him, as you may read in the place forecited, 17, 21, 24. verses. And I dare boldly say, that I have beene more sorrowfull for Mr Chilling∣worth, and mercifull to him, then his friends at Oxford: his sicknesse and obstinacy cost me many a prayer, and many a teare. I did heartily bewaile the losse of such strong parts, and eminent gifts; the losse of so much learning and diligence. Never did I observe more acutenesse and eloquence so exactly tempered in the same person: Diabolus ab illo ornari cupiebat; for he had eloquence enough to set a faire varnish upon the foulest designe. He was master of his learning, he had all his arguments in procinctu, and all his notions in numerato. Howle ye firre trees, for a Cedar is fallen: lament ye Sophisters, for the Master of sentences (shall I say) or fallacies is vanished: wring your hands, and beat your breasts, yee Antichristian Engineers, for your Arch-engineer is dead, and all his En∣gines buried with him. Ye daughters of Oxford weep over Chillingworth, for he had a considerable and hopefull project how to clothe you and himselfe in scarlet, and other delights. I am distressed for thee, my brother Chillingworth, (may his Executrix say) very pleasant hast thou beene unto me, thy love to me was wonderfull, passing the love of father, husband, bro∣ther. O how are the mighty fallen, and the weapons, nay engines of warre perished! O tell it not in Gath, that he who raised a battery against the Popes chaire, that he might place Reason in the chaire in stead of Antichrist, is dead and gone: pub∣lish it not in the streets of Askelon, that he who did at once Page  [unnumbered] batter Rome, and undermine England, the Reforming Church of England, that he might prevent a Reformation, is dead; lest if you publish it, you puzzle all the Conclave, and put them to consider, whether they should mourne or triumph.

If any man enquire, whether he hath a Tombe-stone, as well as an Elegy, let him know that we plundered an old Friar of his Tombe-stone, and there is roome enough for an Epitaph if they please to send one from Oxford; if not, give us leave to say, we have provided a Sepulchre, and it is your fault if you doe not provide a Monument: for as Laurentius Valla the master of Elegances observes, a Monument is no∣thing else but a speaking Sepulchre: Vixque Monumentum dixerim, nisi literae aut alii tituli appareant, quae si desint, magis sepulchrum quàm monumentum erit. Laur. Vall. Elegant. lib. 4. cap. 75.

If there be any man yet unsatisfied, that this great Phi∣losopher, Mathematician, Oratour (and any thing but what he pretended to be, a Divine) hath had no more honour at his death, then a plaine Tombe-stone, and such a song of la∣mentation as was taken up for Saul, let him read this fol∣lowing Catechisme; and if he be either Papist, or Protestant, he will be satisfied, if he be true to his owne principles.