An endeavovr of making the principles of Christian religion, namely the Creed, the Ten Commandements, the Lords prayer, and the Sacraments, plaine and easie tending to the more speedy instruction of the meanest capacities, and weakest memories, and for the making triall also of their understandings, who though they have attained some measure of saving knowledge, yet through the weaknesse of their abilities cannot expresse even that which they doe conceive.
Palmer, Herbert, 1601-1647.
Page  39

Questions and Answers tending to explaine the Sacraments.

Question 1. WHat other meanes, besides prayer, hath God appointed i to use, to confirm and increase our faith and grace?   A. To confirme and increase our faith and grace, God, besides prayer, hath appointed us to use his a word & b Sacraments. a Col. 3. 16. b Marke 16. 16 Luke 22. 19, 20.
Hath he not appointed us to se his Word and Sacraments? Yes.  
Or, May we at any time wil∣ingly forbeare the use of them without offence to God, and hurt o our selves? No.  
2 Q. How will God have us se his word, that it may doe us fur∣ther good?   2 A. We are both to c read Gods Word, & d heare it e preached and f read, with g de∣light, h meeknesse, i faith, and a faithfull k desire to grow there∣by. e Iohn 5. 39. Acts 17. 11, 12. d 1 Thes. 5. 20. e 2 Tim. 4. 1, 2. f Acts 13. 15. g Psal. 1. 2. h Iam. 1. 21. Heb. 42. k 1 Pet. 2. 2.
Is it enough onely to reade it, without hearing of it preached? No.  
Or, To heare it onely preach∣ed, without reading of it? No.  
Or, Without hearing it read? No.  
Or, Will it doe us any good •…ther way, unlesse wee use it with delight, meeknesse, faith, and faithfull desire to grow thereby? No.  
3 Q. How many Sacraments are •…re appointed by Christ?   3 A. There are two Sacraments appointed by Christ, namely,
Are there onely two, namely   Page  40 Baptisme and the Lords Supper? Yes. Baptisme, and the Lords 〈…〉 more. l Matth. 28. 1 m Cor. 11. 23, 24, 25
Or, Are to re more then two? No.  
O, •••ter? No.  
4 Q. What is a Sacrament?   4. A. Sacrament the applying an out∣ward visible creature to our bodies as 〈…〉 signe, seal, and pledge from God of a like inward and spiritual grace to our soules n Gen.••••. Rom. 11. ••Cor. 10. 16.
Is it not the applying of an outward visible creature to our bodies, as a signe, seale, or pledge from God of a like in¦ward and spirituall grace to ou soules? Yes.  
Or, Is there a Sacrament where there is no outward visi∣ble signe? No.  
Or, Where the outward crea∣tures are not applyed to our bo∣dies, but onely gazed on? No.  
Or, Are the Sacraments bar signes, without any spirituall grace to our soules offered by them? No  
Q. Who hath authority and power to ordaine a Sacrament?   5. A. p Christ ••on hath authority to com∣mand the use of any creature for a Sacra∣ment, and q alone power to assure any r grace with i. p Ma. 7. 7. q. Col. 2. 8, 9, 10 r John 1. 16, 17.
Hath not Christ alone autho∣rity to command any such use of any creature for a Sacrament? Yes.  
Or, Hath any man, or company of man any such authority? No.  
And, Hath Christ alone power to assure any such grace with it? Yes.  
Or, Can any man, or men of themselves promise it? No.  
6. Q. What is baptisme out∣wardly in regard of the vi••l signe, or creature commanded to be a pli••t to our bodies?   6. A. Baptisme out∣wardly is washing the body with s water b dipping or sprinkling
Is it washing the body with   Page  41 water by dipping, or sprinkling the name of the Father? ••. Yes. n the t name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost. Iohn 3. 23. t Mat. 28, 19.
Or, May not any other creature 〈…〉 for it 〈…〉 water? No.  
And, Will sprinkling the 〈…〉 d•• it without dipping 〈…〉 it? Yes.  
And, Will not other words do as well, where there is not all the three persons of the blessed Trinity named? No.  
7 Q. What is the inward and 〈…〉 grace sealed to the faithfull, •…li•…?   7 A. The inward grace sealed to the faithfull in Baptisme, is the u vertue of Christs blood and of his Spirit, to the x wa∣sing away of sin, and y new birth to the life of grace. u Rom. 6. 3, 4. x Acts 22. 16. y Ti∣tus 3. 5.
〈…〉 of Christe 〈…〉 and of 〈…〉 to the washing awa of sin and new •…rth to the life of grace? Yes.  
Or, Do any of the faithfull ••o are baptized, mi••e of this 〈…〉? No.  
Or, Do hypocries, though outwardly baptized, partake of his grace? No.  
8. Q. How often is baptisme to 〈…〉 administred to any one party? No. 8. A. Baptisme is to be administred to any one onely once, and no more, because as we can be borne but once naturally, so but once spiritually.
Must it be often administred 〈…〉 the same party? No.  
Or, May it be if any desire it? No.  
Or, Must it be to any one o•…••ce and no more? Yes.  
And,〈…〉 it so because as we •…n •…t once naturally b•• once spiritually? Yes.  
Q. 9. How is it proved, th•… within the Ch•…?   9. A. Children born within the Church are to be baptised because
〈…〉 a just proofe of it, th•…   Page  42 children were wont to be cir∣cumcised by Gods command? Yes. they were y wont be circumcised, a because 〈…〉 they 〈…〉 within Gods. Gov•…∣nant, and ••••ve 〈…〉 to the seal of it. y G•• 17. 12. . Gen. 17. 1 Cor. 7. 14.
Or, Is there any such diffe∣rence between Circumcision and Baptisme, as for children to be admitted to the one and not to the other? No.  
And, Is it not also a just proofe of it, because such children are within Gods Covenant, and so have right to the seale of it? Yes.  
10. Q. Since nothing can be required of children when they are brought to Ba••isme; what is requi∣red of them afterward when they come to yeeres of discretion, in consi∣deration that they have been bapti∣zed?   10 A. Children ba•…∣tized are ound wh•• they come to yeers 〈…〉 discretion, to practi•…a faith, 〈…〉 and obed∣ence, and then th•• shall feel, the bene•… of their Baptism a Gal. 3. 26. b. Ro 6: 3, 4.
Are they not then bound to practise faith and obedience? Yes.  
Or, Are they free from a∣ny such engagements, although their sureties that required bap∣tisme for them did promise and vow it in their names? No.  
And, Shall they feele any bene∣fit of their Baptisme, when they come to yeares, without this? No.  
Or, Faile, to feele it if they practise this? No.  
11 Q. What is the Lords Sup∣per outwardly, in regard of the visi∣ble ge or crea•••• commanded to be applied to our bodies?   11 A. The Lor Supper outwardly c both eating brea and drinking wit in remembrance 〈…〉 Christ and his de•…
Is it both eating bread, and drinking wine, in remembrance of Christ, and his death for us? Yes.  
Or, May we not onely eat   Page  43〈…〉 bread, and for beare to drink 〈…〉 wine? No. for us. c 1. Cor. 11. 23. 24, 25, 26.
〈…〉, After the •…tration for 〈…〉 Sacrame•… it still bread hich we 〈…〉 and eate? Yes.  
And, Wine which we drink? Yes.  
Or, Is it substantially changed into the very body and blood of Christ? No.  
And, Do wee receive a right 〈…〉 receive the bread and wine nd forget Christ? No.  
Or,〈…〉 person, and 〈…〉 his death for us? No.  
12. Q. What is the Lords Sup∣•… towardly in regard of the reward nd spirituall grace there offered 〈…〉 i?   12 A. The spirituall grace in the Lords Supper is d Christs body & blood, e nou∣rishing our souls by renewing pardon for sin past, and grace a∣gainst sinne hereafter. d 1 Cor. 10. 16. e Ioh. 6. 51, 54, 55, 58.
Is it not Christs body and blood nourishing our soules by renewing pardon for sin past, and grace against sin hereafter? Yes.  
Or, Is there onely a bare re∣membrance of Christs body and blood, without an effectuall par∣aking of them by those that ome aright to receive them? No.  
Or, Can the body and blood of Christ bee received by any without benefit to their soules? No.  
And, They missing pardon for 〈…〉 past? No.  
Or, Missing of some renewed grace against sin hereafter? No.  
13. Q. Who doe partake of the •…y and blood of Christ in the 〈…〉 Supper, and how is it re∣•…?   13 A. The body & blood of Christ in the Lords Supper is f on∣ly
Page  44Is it onely received by the faithful, and onely by thei faith? Yes. received by th faithfull, and only b their g faith. f 〈…〉 11. 29. g 〈◊〉6. 3 〈…〉 48. 54.
Or, Doe any else receive it though they eate the bread, and drink the wine? No.  
Or, Doe the faithfull them selves receive it with their hands and mouthes? No.  
14 Q. How often is the Lord Supper to bee administred and re∣ceived?   14 A. The Lords Supper is to be often administred, and re∣ceived often by ever Christian. h 1 Cor. 2 25, 26, 27, 28.
Is it often to be administred? Yes.  
Or, Seldome? No.  
And, Must it be received of¦ten? Yes.  
Or, Seldome? No.  
Or, May any keepe away at their owne pleasure, and come onely when they lift? No.  
Or, Are they excusable that re∣fuse to come, because they have no leisure for worldly businesses? No.  
Or, Because they have not re∣pented of their sins? No.  
Or, Because they are not in charity? No.  
Or, Any such like excuse? No.  
15 Q. How must a man come to the Lords Supper?   15. A. He that com∣meth to the Lord Supper must i i exami himself, or else he ea∣eth and drinketh un¦ worthily; and so 〈◊〉 ignorant person 〈◊〉 come. i 1 Cor. 11. •• 28, 29.
May a man come carelesly; without preparing himselfe? No.  
Or, Can a man prepare himself sufficiently unless he examin himself? No.  
And, Doth not a man else eate and drink unworthily? Yes.  
And, May any ignorant per∣sons,   Page  45 whether children, or grown 〈…〉 come to the Lords Supper, 〈…〉 they n••ot how to ex∣amine them•…? No.  
16 Q. What is the sinne, nd danger of these t••• eate and drinke •• the Lords Supper un∣worthily?   16. A. They that eate and drink unwor∣thily at the Lords Sup∣per, are guilty of Christs body & blood, and eate and drinke damnation to them∣selves, if they repent not of it. k 1 Cor. 11. 27, 29, 31, 32.
Are they ••• guilty of the bo∣dy and blood of Christ? Yes.  
And, do they not eat and drink damnation to themselves if they repent not of it. Yes.  
Or,〈…〉 to accuse them of such a sin•• No.  
Or Is that too sort a punish them for such an offence? No. 17 A. When a man commeth to the Lords Supper, the things he must examine himself about, are l repentance and m faith, & n thank∣fulnesse, and o charity: for a man is no Chri∣stian that is altogether without these. l Luke 13. 3, 5. m Iohn 3. 36. n Col. 3. 15, 17. o Mat. 6. 15. 1 Cor. 10. 17.
17 Q. What are the things 〈…〉 man must examine himselfe a∣bout, 〈…〉 to the Lords Supper?    
Are they not repentance and faith, and thankfulnesse, and charity? Yes.  
Or, May a man come in his 〈◊〉 unrepented of? No.  
Or, Without faith in Christ? No.  
Or, Without thankfulnesse o Christ? No.  
Or, Without charity to men? No.  
Or, Is any man a christian that 〈◊〉 altogether without these? No.  
18 Q. H•… a man ex∣amine himselfe about his repentance o, as hee may know hee doth •…pent?   18 A. A man may know that he truly re∣penteth, when he se∣eth sin p so odious, and so q mischievous, as he
Is it when he seeth sin so odious ••• mis••ievous as he resolveth   Page  46 nothing shall make him willing to sin againe? Yes. r resolveth nothing shall make him wil∣ling to sin again p. E∣zek. 36, 31. q Ro. 6. 11 r Esay 30. 22. Ioh. 34 31, 31. Hos. 14. 38.
Or, Doth a man truly repent unlesse he see sin to be most odi∣ous and most mischievous? No.  
Or, Vnlesse he resolve against all sin? No.  
19 Q. How may a man examine himselfe about his faith so, as to know he hath true faith in Christ?   19 〈…〉 man may know hee hath tru•… faith in Christ, when s onely from his dea•… he looketh for pardon, and all good to h•… soule, and looking at that keepeth his soule from fainting utterly s Phil. 3. 7, 8, 9, 10.
Is it not when he looketh for pardon and all good, to his soule onely from Christs death, and looking at that, keepeth his soule from fainting utterly? Yes.  
Or, Doth he truly beleeve that ioyneth any creature with Christ in expectation of pardon and good to his soule? No.  
Or, Whose spirit so fainteth as he looketh not at all for any good from Christ? No.  
20 Q How may a man examine himselfe about his thankfulnes to Christ so, as he may know he is truly thankfull.   20 A. A man may know he is truly thank∣full to Christ when he esteemeth Christs love and u benefits above all others, and so de∣sireth to x please Christ in all things. t Eph. 3 17, 18, 19. Phil. 3. 8 x 2 Cor. 5, 14, 15.
Is it when he esteemeth Christs love and benefits above al o∣thers, and so desireth to please him in al things? Yes.  
Or, Is he truly thankful that esteemeth the love of men or their benefits, more then Christs? No.  
Or, Equall to them? No.  
Or, Any benefits in tempo∣rall respects, equall to Christs? No.  
Or, That is not moved by   Page  47 Christs love and benefits to de∣•… please him in all things? No.  
21 Q. How may a man examine •…selfe about his charity so, as he 〈…〉 know he hath true charity to∣•…d all men?   21 A. A man may know he hath true charity toward all men, when he loveth x every one, y even those that have wron∣ged him, as he desires z God or * men should love him. x James 2. 8, 9. y Mat. 5. 43, 44, 45. z Math. 12. * Mat. 7. 12. 1 Ioh. 3. 18, 19.
Is it when he loveth every one, •…en those that have wronged ••, as he desireth God and men •…uld love him? Yes.  
Or, Hath he true charity that •…ly loveth his friends who are •…de to him? No.  
Or, At the most those onely it wrong him not? No.  
Or, Pretending to love even ••e that wrong him, yet his ••art, and words, and dealings, 〈◊〉 otherwise towards them, •…en he desireth from God and ••th men as love him? No.