The negotiations of Thomas Woolsey, the great Cardinall of England containing his life and death, viz. (1) the originall of his promotion, (2) the continuance in his magnificence, (3) his fall, death, and buriall
Cavendish, George, 1500-1561?, Cavendish, William, Sir, 1505?-1557.

CHAP. III. Of King Henries invading France in his owne person with the Cardinals assistance.

THus the Almaner continuing in high favour, till at last many presents, gifts, and rewards came in so plentifully, that I dare say he wan∣ted nothing, for hee had all things in abun∣dance that might either please his fancie or inrich his Co∣fers, for the times so favourably smiled upon him, but to what end you shall hereafter heare. Therefore let all men to whom fortune extendeth her favour and grace, take heed they trust not her subtill and faire promises, for un∣der colour thereof she carryeth an envious gall; for when Page  [unnumbered]Page  [unnumbered]

[illustration] [portrait of Thomas Wolsey]
Page  9 she seeth her servant in highest authority, she turneth her favour and pleasant countenance into frownes.

This Almoner clyming up Fortunes wheele, that no man was in estimation with the King but onely he for his witty qualities and wisdome.

Hee had an especiall gift of Naturall Eloquence and a fyled tongue to pronounce the same, that hee was able * therewith to perswade and allure all men to his purposes, in the time of his continuance in fortunes favour.

In the fift yeare of the raigne of King Henry the Eight, it chanced that the Realme of England and France was * at variance, but upon what ground or occasion, I know not, Insomuch that the King was fully resolved in his owne person to invade France with a puissant Army; It was therefore thought very necessary, that his royall enterprises should be speedily provided and furnished in every degree, in things apt and convenient for the same; For expedition thereof the King thought no mans wit so meete for policie and painfull travell as the Almo∣ner to whom he committed his whole affiance, and trust therein; And he being nothing scrupulous in any thing * that the King would command, although it seemed very difficult, tooke upon him the whole charge of the busi∣nesse, and proceeded so therein, that he brought all things to good effect in direct order for all manner of victuals and provision convenient for so noble a voyage and Army.

All things being thus prepared by him in order, the King not intending to neglect or delay any time, but with noble and valiant courage to advance his royall enterprize, passed the Seas betweene Dover and Callis, where hee prosperously arrived. And after he had there made his arrivall, and landed all his provision and munition, and * sate in Consultation about his weighty affaires marched forth in good order of battell, till he came to the strong Towne of Turwine, to the which hee laid strong siege, and made a sharpe assault, so that in short space it was Page  10 yeelded unto him, unto which place the Emperour Maximillian resorted unto him with a great Army like a mighty Prince, taking of the King wages.

Thus after the King had taken this strong Towne, and taken possession thereof, & set all things in good order for the defence and preservation thereof to his Majesties use, then hee retyred from thence, and marched towards Tur∣ney,* and there layd siege in like manner to which he gave so fierce assault, that the Enemies were constrained to render the Towne to his Majestie. At which time the King gave unto the Almoner the Bishopricke of the same Sea towards his paines and diligence susteined in that journey. And when he had established all things accor∣ding to his princely minde and pleasure, and furnished the same with men and Captaines of Warre for the safe∣gard of the Towne hee prepared for his returne to England.

But now you shall understand by the way, that whilst the King was absent with a great power in France the Scottish King invaded England against whom the * Queene sent a great Army, the Earle of Surrey being generall, where he overthrew the Scots at Blamston cal∣led Hoddenfield, where the King of Scots was slaine with divers of his Nobility, and eighteene thousand men, and they tooke all his munition for warre.

By this time the King returned into England, and tooke with him divers Noble personages of France be∣ing prisoners; As the Duke of Longuido, Viscount Cleri∣mond, with divers others that were taken in a skir∣mish.

And thus God gave him victory at home, and victory abroad, being in the fift yeere of his raigne, Anno Dom. one thousand five hundred and thirteene.

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[illustration] [portrait of Henry VIII]