The negotiations of Thomas Woolsey, the great Cardinall of England containing his life and death, viz. (1) the originall of his promotion, (2) the continuance in his magnificence, (3) his fall, death, and buriall
Cavendish, George, 1500-1561?, Cavendish, William, Sir, 1505?-1557.

CHAP. 19. Of the Cardinals fall, and how hee was arrested of high Treason.

WHat chanced before his last trou∣bles at Caywood as a signe or token from God, of that which should follow, I will now, God willing, declare. My L. enemies being then at Court about the King, in good estimation, and honorable dig∣nities; seeing now my Lord in great favour, and fearing the King would now call him home againe, they therefore did plot amongst Page  97 themselves to dispatch him by meanes of some sinister Treason, or to bring him into the Kings great indigna∣tion by some other meanes.

This was their daily study and consultation, having for their especiall helpe and furtherance as many vigi∣lant attendants upon him, as the Poets faine Argus had eyes.

The King with these their continuall complaints, was mooved to much indignation, and thought it good that the Cardinall should come up, and to stand to his Triall in his owne person; which his enemies did not like of. Notwithstanding, hee was sent for, and after this sort.

First, they devised that Sir Walter Welch Knight, one of the Kings privy Chamber should bee sent downe with a Commission into the North, and the Earle of Northumberland, who was sometimes brought up in the House of my Lord, being joyned in Commission with him, should arrest my Lord of high Treason. This being resolved upon, Sir Walter Welch prepared for his journy, with his Commission and cer∣taine instruments annexed to the same and tooke horse at the Court Gate upon Alholland-day, towards my Lord of Northumberland.

Now will I declare what I promised before of a cer∣taine signe or token of my Lords trouble ensuing.

Upon All-hallow-day my Lord sitting at dinner, ha∣ving at his Boards end divers of his Chaplaines to beare him Company for want of other Guests; you * shall now understand that my Lords great Crosse which stood by fell, and in the fall broke Doctor Bonners head, inasmuch that some blood ran downe. My Lord perceiving the fall thereof, demaunded of Page  98 those that stood by him what was the matter that they stood so amazed, I shewed him of the fall of his great crosse upon Dr. Bonners head: Quoth my Lord, hath it drawne any blood? yea quoth I, with that he cast his head aside and soberly said (Malum Omen) and there∣upon suddenly said grace, and rose from table and went to his Bed-chamber, but what he did there I cannot tell. Now marke how my Lord expounded the mea∣ning thereof (in his fancie) to meat Pontefract after his fall. First that the great Crosse that he bare as Arch∣bishop of Yorke betokened himselfe, and Doctor Aust∣in the Physitian who overthrew the Crosse, was hee that accused my Lord, whereby his enemies caught an occasion to overthrowe him, it fell on Doctor Bonners head, who was then master of my Lords faculties, and spirituall jurisdiction, who was then dampnified by the fall thereof, and moreover the drawing of blood betokeueth death, which did suddenly after follow.

Now the appointed time drew neere for Installation and sitting at dinner; the friday before the monday that he should have been installed at Yorke: The Earle of Northumberland and M. Welsh with a great company of Gent of the Earls house, and of the Country whom they had gathered in the Kings name, to accompany them, (yet not knowing to what end) came to the hall of Caywood (the Officers being at dinner) and my * Lord not fullie dined, nor knowing any thing of the Earles being come.

The first thing that the Earle did, after hee had set the hall in order, he commanded the Porter to deliver the keyes of the gates to him, which he would in no wise doe, although he was threatned and commanded in the Kings name to make deliverance thereof to one of the Earles servants, which he still refused, saying to the Earle, that the keyes were delivered to him by his Lord and master, both by oath and other command.

Page  99 Now some of the Gent. that stood by the Earle hea∣ring the porter speake so stoutly said, hee is a good fellow and a faithfull servant to his master, and speaks like an honest man, therefore give him your charge, and let him keep the keyes still: then said my L. thou shalt wel and truly keep the keys to the use of our Sove∣raigne Lord the King, and you shall let none passe in nor out of the Gates, but such as from time to time you shal be commanded by us, being the Kings Commissio∣ners during our stay here, and with that oath he recei∣ved the keyes of the Earle, and Master Welches hands, but of all these doings knew my Lord nothing, for they had stopped the stayers that none should goe to my L. chamber, and they that came down could not goe up againe. At the length one escaped up and shewed my Lord that the Earle of Northumberland was in the hall, whereat my Lord wondred, and at the first believed him not, till he heard it confirmed by another: Then quoth my Lord, I am sorry wee have dined, for I feare our Officers have not provided fish enough for the en∣tertainment of him, with some honourable cheere fit∣ting his estate and Dignity; And with that my Lord a∣rose from the Table and commanded to let the cloath lye that the Earle might see how far forth they were at * their dinners, and as he was going downe stayres, he encountred with my Lord of Northumberland, to whom my Lord said you are heartily welcome my Lord, and so they embraced each other: Then quoth my Lord Cardinal, if you had loved mee, you would have sent me word before of your comming, that I might have entertained you according to your honour. Notwith∣standing you shal have such cheer as I can make you for the present, with a right good will, trusting you will accept thereof in good part, hoping hereafter to see you oftner when I shal be more able to entertain you: this Page  100 said, my Lord tooke him by the hand, and led him to his Chamber, whom followed all, the Earls servants, and they being there all alone, saving I which kept the doore as my Office required being Gentleman-vsher,* these two Lords standing at a window, the Earle trem∣bling said: I arrest you of high Treason, with which words, my Lord was well nigh astonished, standing still a good space without speaking one word.

But at the last, quoth my Lord, what authority have you to arrest mee, quoth the Earle, I have a Commis∣sion so to doe: shew it me, quoth my Lord, that I may see the contents therof: nay Sir that you may not quoth the Earle. Then quoth my Lord, hold you contented, for I will not obey your arrest, for there hath been be∣tween your Ancestors and my Predecessors great con∣tentions and debate, and therefore unlesse I see your authority I will not obey you. *

Even as they were debating the matter in the Cham∣ber, so likewise was Master Welsh busie in arresting Dr. Austine at the door, saying, go in thou Traytor, or I shall make thee: with that I opened the Portall dore, and did thrust in Doctor Austine before him with vio∣lence. The matter on both sides astonished me very much, marveyling what all this should meane, untill at the last, Master Welsh being entered my Lord Cham∣ber, began to pluck of his hood being of the same cloath his cloake was, which hood he wore to the intent hee should not be known, who kneeled down to my Lord; to whom my Lord said come hither Gentleman; and let me speake with you, commanding him to stand up, and said thus. My Lord of Northumberland hath arre∣sted mee, but by what authority I know not, if you be privie thereunto joyned with him therein, I pray you shew me. Indeed my Lord if it please your Grace, quoth Master Welsh, I pray have me excused; there is annexed Page  101 to our Commission certain instructions, as you may not see nor be privie too: why quoth my Lord, be your Instructions such as I may not see nor be privie there∣unto, yet paradventure if I be privie unto them, I may helpe you the better to performe them, for it is not unknown to you, that I have been of Counsell in as wei∣ty matters as these are, and I doubt not, but I shall doe well enough, for my part, prove my selfe a true man a∣gainst the expectations of my cruel enemies, I see the matter whereupon it groweth, well there is no more to doe I trowe, you art of the Privie Chamber, your name is Mr. Welsh, I am contented to yeeld to you, but not to the Earle, without I see his Commission, and al∣so you are a sufficient Commissioner in this behalf, being one of the privie Chamber: Therefore put your Com∣mission in execution, spare me not, I will obey you and the King, for I feare not the crueltie of mine ene∣mies, no more then I doe the truth of my Allegiance, wherein I take God to witnesse, I never offended his Majesty in word or deede, and therein I dare stand face to face with any, having a difference without par∣tiality.

Then came my Lord of Northumberland and com∣manded mee to avoide the Chamber: And being loath to depart from my Master, I stood still and would not remove, to whom he spake againe and said, there is no remedie you must depart, with that I looked upon my Master, as who would have said shall I goe, and perceiving by his countenance that it was not for me to stay, I departed and went into an other chamber, where were many Gentlemen and others to heare newes, to whom I made a report of what I heard and saw, which was great heauinesse to them all. *

Then the Earle called into his Chamber diuers of his owne servants, and after he and Master WelshPage  102 had taken the keyes from my Lord, hee committed the keeping of my Lord unto five Gentlemen, and then they went about the house, and put all things in order, intending to depart the next day, and to certifie the King and the rest of the Lords, what they had done.

Then went they busie about to Convey Doctor Austine away to London with as much speede and privacy as they could possible, sending with him di∣vers persons to conduct him, who was bound to his horse like a Traytor.

And this being done, when it was neere night, the Commissioners sending two Groomes of my Lords to attend him in his Chamber (where hee lay all night) the rest of the Earles men watched in the Chamber, and all the house was watched, and the gates safe kept, that no man could passe or repasse untill next morning.

About eight of the clocke next morning, the Earle sent for me into his Chamber, and commaunded mee to goe to my Lord; and as I was going, I met with Master Welsh, who called me unto him, and shewed me how the Kings Majesty bare unto me his principall fa∣vour for my love and diligent Service that I had per∣formed to my Lord: wherefore, quoth hee, the Kings pleasure is, that you shalbe about him as chiefe, in whom his Highnesse putteth great confidence and trust; and thereupon gave mee in Writing the Arti∣cles: Which when I had read, I sayd I was content to obey his Majesties pleasure, and would bee sworne to the performance thereof; whereupon hee gave mee my Oath.

That done, I resorted to my Lord, whom I found sit∣ting in a Chaire, the Table being ready spread for him. But so soone as hee perceived me come in, he fell into Page  103 such a wofull lamentation, that would have forced a flinty-heart to mourne.

I then comforted him aswell as I could, but hee would not; for quoth hee, I am much grieved that I have nothing to reward you, and the rest of my true and faithfull Servants, for all the good Service that they and you have done mee, for which I doe much lament.

Upon Sunday following, the Earle and Master Welsh appoynted to set forward, for my Lords Horse and ours were brought ready into the inner Court, where we mounted, and comming towards the Gate ready to ride out, the Porter had no sooner opened the same, but we saw without ready attending a great number of Gentlemen and their Servants, such as the Earle had appointed for that Service to attend and Conduct my Lord to Pomfrait that night.

But to tell you the Truth, there were also many of the people of the Country assembled at the Gate, la∣menting his departure, in number above three Thou∣sand, who after the opening of the Gate that they had a sight of him, cryed out with a loud voyce, God save your Grace, God save your Grace; the foule Evil take them that have taken you from us; wee pray God that vengeance may light upon them. And thus they ran after him through the Towne of Caywood, for he was there very well beloved both of rich and poore.