The negotiations of Thomas Woolsey, the great Cardinall of England containing his life and death, viz. (1) the originall of his promotion, (2) the continuance in his magnificence, (3) his fall, death, and buriall
Cavendish, George, 1500-1561?, Cavendish, William, Sir, 1505?-1557.

CHAP. 17. Of certaine passages conducing to the Cardi∣nals fall.

NOW the King commaunded the Queene to be removed from the Court, and sent to another; place & presently after the King rod on Progresse, and had in his Company Mistris Anne Bolloigne; in which time Cardinall Campadnes made suite to bee discharged, and sent home to Rome: & in the interim returned Mr. Secre∣tary, and it was concluded that my Lord should come to the King to Grafton in Northampton-shire; as also * Cardiall Campaines beeing a stranger, should bee conducted thither by my Lord Cardinall. And so the next Sunday there were divers opinions Page  74 that the King would not speak with my Lord; where∣upon there were many great Wagers layd.

These two Prelates being come to the Court, and lighting, expected to be received of the great Officers as the manner was, but they found the contrary: Neverthelesse because the Cardinall Campaine was a stranger, the Officers met him with staves in their hands in the outward Court, and so conveyed him to his lodging prepared for him; and after my Lord had brought him to his lodging he departed, thinking to have gone to his Chamber as hee was wont to do. But it was told him hee had no lodging or Chamber ap∣poynted * for him in the Court; which newes did much astonish him.

Sir Henry Norris who was then Groome of the stoole, came unto him, and desired him to take his Chamber for a while untill an other was provided for him, for I assure you, quoth he, here is but little room in this House for the King, and therefore I humbly beseech your Grace accept of mine for a Season. My Lord thanking him for his curtesie, went to his Cham∣ber, where hee shifted his riding apparrell.

In the meane time came divers Noblemen of his friends to welcome him to the Court, by whom my Lord was advertised of all things touching the Kings favour or displeasure; and being thus informed of the Cause thereof, hee was more able to excuse him∣selfe.

So my Lord made him ready, and went to the Chamber of Presence with the other Cardinall, where the Lords of the Councell stood all of a Row in order in the Chamber, and all the Lords sa∣luted them both: And there were present many Gentlemen which came on purpose to observe the * meeting and countenance of the King to my Lord Cardinall: Then immediatly after, the King Page  75 came into the Chamber of Presence standing under the Cloath of State.

Then my Lord Cardinall tooke Cardinall Campaine by the hand, and kneeled downe before the King, but what hee sayd unto him, I know not, but his Counte∣nance was amiable, and his Majesty stooped downe, and with both his hands tooke him up, and then tooke him by the hand, and went to the Window with him, and there talked with him a good while.

Then to have beheld the Countenance of the Lords and Noblemen that had layd Wagers, it would have made you smile, especially those that had layd their money that the King would not speake with him.

Thus were they deceived, for the King was in earnest discourse with him, insomuch that I could heare the King say, how can this be, is not this your hand, and pulled a Letter out of his owne bosome and shewed the same to my Lord. And as I perceived, my Lord so answered the same, that the King had no more to say; but sayd to my Lord, goe to your Din∣ner, and take my Lord Cardinall to keepe you com∣pany, and after Dinner I will speake further with you, and so they departed. And the King that day dined with Mistris Anne Bulloign in her Chamber.

Then was there set up in the Presence Chamber a Table for my Lord, and other Lords of the Councell, where they dined together; and sitting at Dinner tel∣ling of divers matters, The King should doe well, quoth my Lord Cardinall, to send his Bishops and Chaplaines home to their Cures and Benefices. Yea marry, quoth my Lord of Norfolke, and so it were meete for you to doe also. I would be very well con∣tented therewith, quoth my Lord, if it were the Kings pleasure to lycence mee with his Graces Page  76 leave to goe to my Cure at Winchester: Nay quoth my Lord of Norfolke, to your Benefice at Yorke; where your greatest Honour and Charge is. Even as it shall please the King, quoth my Lord Cardinall; and so they fell upon other Discourses. For indeed the No∣bility were loath hee should be so neere the King, as to continue at Winchester. Immediately after Din∣ner they fell to Councell till the Waiters had also dined.

I heard it reported by those that waited on the King at dinner, that Mistres Anne Bulloigne was offended as much as she durst, that the King did so graciously * entertaine my Lord Cardinall. Saying, Sir, Is it not a marvailous thing to see into what great debt and danger hee hath brought you, with all your Subjects? How so, quoth the King? Forsooth, quoth shee, there is not a man in all your whole Realme of England, worth a hundred pounds, but hee hath indebted you to him, (meaning of Loane, which the King had of*his Subjects. Well, well, quoth the King, for that matter there was no blame in him, for I know that matter better then you, or any else.

Nay, quoth shee, besides that, what exploits hath hee wrought in severall parts and places of this Realme, to your great slaunder and disgrace? There is never a Nobleman, but if hee had done halfe so much as hee hath done, were well worthy to loose his head. Yea, if my Lord of Norfolke, my Lord of Suffolke, my Fa∣ther, or any other man had done much lesse then hee hath done, they should have lost their heads ere this.

Then I perceive (quoth the King) you are none of my Lord Cardinals friends. Why Sir, quoth shee, I have no cause, nor any that love you? No more hath your Grace, if you did well consider his indirect and un∣lawfull doings.

By that time the Waiters had dyned and tooke up Page  77 the Table and so for that time ended their Communica∣tion.

You may perceive by this how the old malice was not forgotten: but begins to kindle and be set on fire, which was stirred by his auncient enemies, whom I have formerly named in this treatise.

The King for that time departed from Mistris Anne Bulloigne, and came to the Chamber of Presence, and called for my Lord, and in the great window had a long discourse with hin, but of what I know not, af∣terwards the King tooke him by the hand and led him into the privie Chamber, and sate in Consultation with him all alone without any other of the Lords, till it was darke night, which blanked all his enemies ve∣ry soer, who had no other way but by Mistris Anne Bulloigne, in whom was all their trust and affiance, for the accomplishment of their enterprises, for with∣out her they feared all their purposes would bee frust∣rate.

Now at night was warning given me, that there was no roome for my Lord to lodge in the Court, so that I was forced to provide my Lord a lodging in the Countrey about Easton at one Mr. Empstons house, where my Lord came to supper by torch-light, beeing late before my Lord parted from the King, who willed him to resort to him in the morning, for that he would talke further with him about the same matter, and in the morning my Lord came againe, at whose com∣ming the Kings Majesty was ready to ride, willing my Lord to consult with the Lords in his absence, and said he would not talke with him, commanding my Lord to depart with Cardinall Campaine who had * already taken his leave of the King.

This suddaine departure of the Kings, was the es∣peciall labour of Mistris Anne Bulloigne who rode with him purposely to draw him away, because he should notPage  78 returne till the departure of the Cardinalls. The King rode that morning to viewe a peice of ground, to make a Parke of, which was afterwards and is at this time, called Harewell Parke, where Mistris Anne had provided him a place to dine in, fearing his re∣turne before my Lord Cardinals departure,

So my Lord rode away after dinner with Cardinall Campaine, who tooke his jorney towards Rome, with the Kings reward, but what it was I am not certaine.

After their departure, it was told the King, that Cardinall Campaine was departed and had great Trea∣sure with him of my Lord Cardinalls of England to bee conveyed in great sums to Rome, whither they surmi∣sed hee would secretly repaire out of this Realme. Inso∣much that they caused a Post to ride after the Cardinall to search him, who overtooke him at Callis, and stay∣ed him untill search was made, but there was found * no more then was received of the King for a reward.

Now after Cardinall Campaine was gone, Micha∣ellmas terme drew on, against which time my Lord Cardinall repaired to his house at Westminster, and when the Terme began, hee went into the Hall in such manner as he was acustomed to doe, and sate in the Chancery, being then Lord Chancellor of England, after which day he never sate more, the next day hee stayed at home for the comming of my Lord of Norfolk and Suffolke, who came not that day, but the next: And did declare unto my Lord that it was the Kings pleasure he should surrender up the great Seale of Eng∣land* into their hands, and that he should depart unto Ashur, which is a house near unto Hampton Court be∣longing unto the Bishopricke of Winchester.

The Cardinall demanded of them to see their Com∣mission that gave them such authority, who answered again, they were sufficient Commissioners, and had Authority to doe no lesse from the Kings owne mouth, Page  79 notwithstanding, he would in no wise agree to their demand in that behalfe, without further knowledge of their Authority, telling them that the great Seale * was delivered to him by the Kings owne person to en∣joy the Ministration thereof, together with the Chan∣cellorship during the term of his life, whereof for sure∣ty he had the Kings Letters, Patents to shew, which matter was much debated between him and the Dukes with many great words which he tooke patiently, in∣somuch that the Dukes were faine to depart without their purpose at that time, and returned to Windsor to the King, and the next day they returned to my Lord with the Kings Letters, whereupon in obedience to the Kings command, my Lord delivered to them the broad Seale, which they brought to Windsor to the King.

Then my Lord called his Officers before him and tooke account of all things they had in their charge, and in his*Gallery were set divers Tables upon which were layed di∣vers and great store of rich stuffes, as whole pieces of silke of all colours, Ʋelvets, Sattins, Muskes, Taffaties, Grogarams, Scarlets, and divers rich Commodities. Also there were 1000. pieces of fine Hollands, and the hangings of the Gallery with cloath of Gold, and cloath of Silver, and rich cloath of Bodkin of divers colours, which were hanged in expectation of the Kings comming.

Also of one side of the Gallery were hanged the rich suits of Copes of his owne providing, which were made for Colledges at Oxford and Ipswich, they were the ri∣chest that ever I saw in all my life; Then had he two cham∣bers adjoyning to the Gallery, the one most commonly cal∣led the guilt Chamber, the other the Councell Chamber, wherein were set two broad and long Tables, whereupon was set such abundance of Plate of all sorts, as was almost incredible to be believed, a great part being al of clean gold, and upon every table and cupboard where the Plate was setPage  80 were bookes importing every kinde of plate and every piece with the contents and the weight thereof.

Thus were all things furnished and prepared giving the charge of the said stuffe, with other things remay∣ning in every office, to be delivered to the King, as he gave charge, all things beeing ordered as is before rehearsed, my Lord prepared to depart and resolved to goe by water, but before his going: Sir William Gascoigne beeing his Treasurer came unto him and said, Sir quoth he, I am sorry for your Grace, for I heare you are straight to goe to the Tower; Is this the best com∣fort quoth my Lord, you can give to your master in ad∣versity? It hath alwaies beene your inclination to bee light of credit, and much lighter in reporting of lyes, I would you should know Sir William and all those re∣porters too, that it is untrue, for I never deserved to come there: Although it hath pleased the King to take my house ready furnished for his pleasure, at this time I would all the world should know, I have nothing but it is of right for him, and of him I received all that I have: It is therefore convenient and reason to tender the same to him againe.

Then my Lord with his traine of Gentlemen and yeomen which was no small company, took his barge at his privie stairs, and went by water to Putney, at which time upon the water were abundance of boates filled with people, expecting to have seene my Lord Cardinall goe to the Tower, which they longed to see. Oh wondring and new-fangled world, is it not a time to consider the mutability of this uncertaine world! for the common people ever desire things for novelties sake, which after turne to their small profit or advantage. For if you mark the sequell, they had small cause to rejoyce at his fall, I cannot see but all men in favour are envyed by the common people, though they doe mi¦nister Iustice truly.

Page  81 Thus continued my Lord at Ashur, 3. or 4. weekes without either Beds, sheets, Table-cloaths or dishes to eate their meate in, or wherewith to buy any. But there was good store of all kind of victualls, & of beere and wine plenty, but afterwards my Lord borrowed some Plate and dishes of the Bishop of Carlile.

Thus continued my Lord in this strange estate till after Alhollantide, and beeing one day at dinner; Mr. Crumwell told him that he ought in Conscience to con∣sider the true and good service, that he and other of his servants had done him, who never forsooke him in weale nor woe, then quoth my Lord alas Tom: you know I have nothing to give you nor them; which makes me both ashamed and sorry that I have nothing to requite your faithfull services, whereupon Master Cromwell told my Lord that he had abundance of Chaplaines that were preferred by his Grace to Benefices of some 1000. pound, and others 500 pound, some more and some lesse, and wee your poore servants who take more paines in one dayes service, then all your idle Chap∣lains have done in a yeare, and therefore if they will not impart liberally to you in your great indigence, it is pitty they should live, and all the world will have them in iudignation for their great ingratitude to their Master.

Afterwards my Lord commanded me to call all his Gentlemen and Yeomen up into the great Chamber, commanding all the Gentlemen to stand on the right hand, and the Yeomen on the left side, at last my Lord came out in his Rochet, upon a Violet gowne like a Bishop, who went with his Chaplins to the upper end of the Chamber where was a great windowe, behol∣ding his goodly number of servants, who could not speake to them untill the tears ran downe his checks, which beeing perceived of his servants, caused foun∣taines of teares to gush out of their sorrowfullPage  82eyes in such sort as would cause my heart to relent.*

At last my Lord spake to them to this effect and pur∣pose saying, most faithfull Gentlemen and true-hearted Yeomen, I much lament that in my prosperity I did not so much for you as I might have done, and was in my power to doe, I consider that if in my prosperity I should have preferred you to the King, then should I have incurred the Kings Servants displeasure, who would not spare to report behinde my back that there could no office in the Court escape the Cardinall and his servants, and by that meanes I should have run into open slander of all the world, but now it is come to passe: that it hath pleased the King to take all that I have into his hands, so that I have now nothing to give you, for I have nothing left me but the bare cloaths on my back, with many other words in their phrase, and so he giving them all hearty thanks, went a∣way, and afterwards many of his servants departed from him, some to their wives, some to their friends, Mast∣er Cromwell to London, it beeing then the beginning of the Parliament.