The negotiations of Thomas Woolsey, the great Cardinall of England containing his life and death, viz. (1) the originall of his promotion, (2) the continuance in his magnificence, (3) his fall, death, and buriall
Cavendish, George, 1500-1561?, Cavendish, William, Sir, 1505?-1557.
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CHAP. 15. Of the Kings discovery of his love to Mistris Anne Bulloigne to the Cardinall, with the Cardinals dislike, and also the opinions of all the learned Bishops in England and forraigne Ʋniversities.

AFter this beganne new matters which trou∣bled the heads and imaginations of all the Court, wherewith all their stomacks were full, but little digestion, viz. the long con∣cealed affection of the King to Mistris Anne Bulloigne now brake out, which his Majesty dis∣closed to the Cardinall, whose often perswasions on his knees tooke no effect.

My Lord thereupon being compelled to declare to his Majesty his opinion and wisedome in the advance∣ment of the Kings desires, thought it not safe for him to wade too farre alone, or to give rash judgement in so weighty a matter, but desired leave of the King to aske Counsell of men of ancient and famous learning both in the Divine and Civill Lawes.

Now this being obtained, he by his Legatine Au∣thority sent out his Commissions for the Bishops of this Realme, who not long after assembled all at West∣minster before my Lord Cardinall. And not only these Prelates, but also the most learned men of both Ʋniver∣sities, and some from divers Cathedrall Colledges in this Realme, who were thought sufficiently able to re∣solve this doubtfull question.

At this learned assembly was the Kings Case consul∣ted Page  58 of, debated, argued and judged from day to day. * But in conclusion when these ancient Fathers of Law and Divinity parted, they were all of one judgement, and that contrary to the expectation of most men. And I heard some of the most famous and learned amongst them say, the Kings Case was too obscure for any man, and the poynts therein were doubtfull to have any resolution therein, and so at that time with a generall consent departed, without any Resolution or judge∣ment.

In this assembly of Bishops and divers other lear∣ned men, it was thought very expedient that the King should send out his Commissioners into all Vniversities in Christendome, as well heere in England, as For∣raigne Regions, there to have this Case argued sub∣stantially, and to bring with them from thence every definition of their opinions of the same, under the Seale of every Vniversity, and thus for this time were their determinations.

And thereupon divers Commissioners were present∣ly appoynted for this designe: So some were sent to Cambridge, some to Oxford, some to Lorraigne, others to Paris, some to Orleance, others to Padua, all at * the proper costs and charges of the King, which in the whole amounted to a great summe of mony: and all went out of this Real me, besides the charge of the Em∣bassage to those famous and notable persons of all the Vniversities, especially such as bare the rule, or had the custody of the Vniversity Seales, were fed by the Commissioners with such great summes of mony, that they did easily condiscend to their requests, and grant their desires.

By reason whereof all the Commissioners returned with their purpose, furnished according to their Commissions under the Seale of every severall University, whereat there was no small joy Page  59 conceived of the principall parties. Insomuch that ever after the Commissioners were had in great estima∣tion, and highly advanced, and liberally rewarded farre beyond their worthy deserts. Notwithstanding they prospered, and the matter went still forward, having now as they thought, a sure staffe to leane upon.

These proceedings being declared unto my Lord * Cardinall, hee sent agayne for the Bishops, to whom he declared the effect of these Commissioners paynes, and for assurance thereof, shewed them the instru∣ments of each Vniversity under their severall Seales, and the businesse being thus handled, they went agayne to consultation how things should bee or∣dered.

At last it was concluded that it was very meete the King should send unto the Pope his Holinesse, the opi∣nions of both Vniversities of England, and also For∣raigne Vniversities, which were manifestly authorized by their common Seales. And it was also thought fit the opinions of the worthy Prelates of England should be sent to the Pope, comprised in an Instrument which was not long time in finishing.

Nor was it long after that the Ambassadours were assigned for this designe, who tooke their journey ac∣cordingly, having certayne instruments, that if the Pope would not thereupon consent to give judgement definitively in the Kings Case, then to require an o∣ther * Commission from his Holinesse to be granted to his Legate, to establish a Court heere in England, for that purpose only, to be directed to my Lord Cardinall Legate of England, and to Cardinall Campain Bishop of Bath, which the King gave him at a certayne time, when hee was sent Embassdour hither from the Pope his Holinesse, to determine and rightly Page  60 judge according to their Consciences. To the which, * after long suite made, and for the good will of the said Cardinall, the Pope granted their Suite.

Then they returned into England, relating unto the King that his Graces pleasure should be now brought to passe substantially, being never more likely, considering the state of the Iudges.

Long was the expectation on both sides for the comming*over of the Legat from Rome, who at last arrived in England with his Commission, and beeing much troubled with the Gout, his journey was long and tedious ere hee could get to London, who should have beene most so∣lemnly received at Black-heath; but hee desired not to bee so entertained with Pompe and vaine-glory; and therefore he came very privately on his owne Horse without Tem∣ple-Barre called Bath-place, where he lay: The House being farnished of all manner of Provision of my Lords. So after some deliberation and consultation in the ordering of the Kings businesse now in hand by his Commission and Articles of his Ambassage, which beeing read, it was determined that the King and the good Queene his lawfull Wife, should be judged at Bride-wel and in Blackfriers, and some place thereabouts the Court to bee kept for the disputation and determination of the causes and differen∣ces betweene the King and the Queene, where they were to repaire before these two Legates, who sat as Iudges; be∣fore whom the King and Queene were cited and summo∣ned to appeare; which was a strange sight, and the newest devise that ever was heard or read of in any Story or Chro∣nicle: A King and a Queene to be compelled to appear in a Court as common persons within their owne Realme and Dominions, and to abide the judgments and decrees of their Subjects, beeing a Prerogative belonging to the royall Diadem.

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[illustration] [portrait of Catherine d'Autriche]