The negotiations of Thomas Woolsey, the great Cardinall of England containing his life and death, viz. (1) the originall of his promotion, (2) the continuance in his magnificence, (3) his fall, death, and buriall
Cavendish, George, 1500-1561?, Cavendish, William, Sir, 1505?-1557.
Page  35

CHAP. XIII. Of the French Kings redemption out of captivity, and the Cardinals Embassage into France.

Vpon the taking of the French King, there were divers Consultations and various opi∣nions amongst the Counsell: Some hold that our Soveraigne Lord the King could in∣vade the Realme of France, he might easily conquer the same, for as much as the King with the most part of the Noble-men of France were in captivity. * Some said againe, that the King our Master ought to have had the French King prisoner, forasmuch as hee was ta∣ken by our Kings Champion, and Captaine Generall the * Duke of Burbon and the Emperour. Insomuch that the King was advised thereby to occasion of warre a∣gainst the Emperour, because hee kept the King of France out of our Kings possession, with divers imaginations and devises as their fantasies served, which were too long here to relate.

Thus were they in long consideration, whereof every * man in the Court talked as his fansie served him, untill at the last divers Ambassadours from the Realme of France came to the King our Lord, desiring him to take order with the Emperour for the French Kings delivery, as his Highnesse wisdome should thinke best, wherein my Lord Cardinall bore great rule. So that after great deliberation and advise taken, it was thought good by the Cardinall that the Emperour should deliver the French King out of his ward upon sufficient pledges.

And afterwards it was thought meet, that the Kings two sonnes (that is to say) the Dolphin and the Duke of Orleans should be delivered in hostage for security of the Emperour, and the King our Soveraigne Lord, upon all Page  36 such demands and requests as should bee demanded of the French King, as well by the Emperour as by our Soveraigne Lord.

The Cardinall lamenting the French Kings captivity, and the Popes great adversity (who yet remained in the Castle) Angell, either as prisoner, or else for defence a∣gainst his enemies, endeavored and laboured all that hee * could with the King and his Counsell to take some order for the quietnesse of them both.

At the last as you heard before, divers of the great States and Lords of the Councell with my Lady Anne lay in continuall waite to spy a convenient occasion to take the Cardinall in a snare.

Therefore they consulted with the Cardinall, and in∣formed him that they thought it a necessary time for him * to take upon him the Kings Commission, to travell beyond the seas, and by his wisdome to compasse a present peace amongst these great Princes and Potentates, encouraging him thereto, and alleadging that it was more meet for his wisdome, discretion, and authority to bring so weighty a matter to passe then any other within this Realme, their intent was no other but to get him from the King that they might adventure by the helpe of their chiefe Mistresses * to deprave him unto the King, and so in his absence bring him into his disgrace, or at the least to be in lesse estima∣tion.

Well the matter was so handled that the Cardinall was commanded to prepare himselfe for the journey which * hee tooke upon him, but whether willingly or not I can∣not say. But this I know, that hee made so short abode after the perfect resolution thereof, that hee caused all things to be prepared speedily for his journey. And every one of his servants were appointed that should attend him in the same.

When all things were concluded and provided for this noble Iourney, hee advanced forwards in the name of God. My Lord had with him such of the Lords and Page  39 Bishops as were not of the Conspiracie.

Then marched hee forward from his new house at Westminster through all London, over London bridge, having a great many of Gentlemen in a ranke before him in. Velvet Coats, and the most part of them with chains of gold about their necks. And all his yeomen followed him with noble men, and great mens servants all in Oringe-tawny coats, and the Cardinals hat with T. and C. for Thomas Cardinall embroydered upon them, as well upon his owne servants coats, as all the rest of the Gentlemen, and his sumpter Mules which were twenty and more in number: And when all his carriages and carts and other his traine were passed before, he rode very sumptuously like a Cardinall with the rest of his traine on his Mule with his spare Mule, and his spare horse covered with crimson Velvet, and gilt stirrops, following him. And before him hee had his two great silver Crosses, his two Pillars of silver, the Kings broad Seale of England, and his Cardinals hat, and a Gentleman carrying his Bal∣lance, otherwise called his Cloak-bagge, which was * made of fine scarlet all embroydered very richly with gold. Thus hee passed through London as I said before, and all the way in his said Iourney hee was thus furnish∣ed, having his Harbengers in every place before which prepared lodgings for him and his said traine.

The first Iourney hee made was two miles beyond Debtford in Kent unto Sir Richard Wiltshires house, the rest of his traine were lodged in Debtford, and in the coun∣trey thereabouts.

The next day hee marched to Rochester, where hee lay in the Bishops Pallace, and the rest were lodged in the Citie

The third day hee rode from thence to Feversham, and there lodged in the Abbey, and his traine in the Towne, and some about in the countrey.

The fourth day he rode to Canterbury, where he was * kindly entertained by the Bishop of the Citie, and there Page  38 he continued foure or five dayes. In which season was the Iubilee, and a great Faire in the Towne, by reason it was the feast of Saint Thomas their Patron, upon which day there was a solemne procession wherein my Lord Cardinall was in his Legantine Ornaments, with his hat upon his head, who commanded the Monks and the Quire to sing the Latine after this sort: Sancta Maria or a pro*Papa nostra Clemente, and in this manner perused the La∣tine through: My Lord Cardinall kneeling at a stoole be∣fore the Quire doore prepared for him, with Carpets and Cushions: All the Monkes and the Quire stood in the body singing the Letany. At which time I saw my Lord Cardinall weepe tenderly, the which James, I, and * others conceived to bee for griefe, that the Pope was in such calamity and danger of the Lance Knights.

The next day I was sent with Letters from my Lord to a Cardinall in Callice in post, so that I was the same night in Callice. At my arrivall I found standing upon the * Peere without the Lanthorne-gate all the Councell of the Towne, to whom I delivered up my message, and my Letters before I entered the Towne, where I lay untill my Lord came thither, who arrived two dayes after my comming thither before eight of the clock in the mor∣ning, and was received of all the noble Officers and Coun∣cell of the Towne, and the Major of the staple with pro∣cession, the Clarkes being in rich Copes having many rich Crosses.

In the Lanthorne-gate a stoole with Cushions and Car∣pets was set for him where hee kneeled, and made his prayers: At which time they fenced him in with Sei∣zures of silver, and sprinkled water, that done they passed on before him in procession, untill hee came unto Saint Maries Church, where at the high Altar turning him to the people hee gave them his Benediction and pardon, and * then hee repaired with a great number of Noblemen and Gentlemen to a place in the Towne, called the Che∣quer, where he kept his house so long as he abode in the Page  39 Towne, going immediatly into his naked Bed, because he was some what troubled with sicknesse by reason of his passage by Sea.

That night he called unto him Mounsier de Bees, Cap∣taine of Bulloigne, with divers other Gallants and Gentle∣men, who had dyned with him that day, and having some further consultation with my Lord Cardinall, he and the rest of the Gentlemen departed againe to Bulloigne.

Thus my Lord was daily visited with one or other of the French Nobility.

When all his traine and carriage was landed, and all things prepared for his journey, his Grace called all his Noblemen and Gentlemen into the Privie Chamber, where being assembled before him, he said; I have cal∣led * you hither to declare unto you, that I would have you both consider the dutie you owe to me, and the good will I semblably beare to you for the same. Your intend∣ment of service is to further the Authority I have by Commission from the King, which diligent observance of yours, I will hereafter recommend to his Majestie, as also to shew you the Nature of the French-men, and withall to instruct you with Reverence, you shall use me * for the high honour of the Kings Majestie, and to in∣forme you how you shall entertaine, and accompany the Frenchmen, when you meet at any time.

Concerning the first point you shall understand for divers weighty affaires of his graces and for meere ad∣vancement of his royall dignity, hee hath assigned mee in this Journey to bee his Lieutenant, what reverence therefore belongeth to mee for the same I will shew you.

By vertue therefore of my Commission and Lieute∣nantship, I assume and take upon mee to bee esteemed in all honour and degrees of service as unto his highnes is * meet and due, and that by mee nothing bee neglected that to his State is due and appertinent, for my part you shall see that I will not omit one jot thereof: Therefore Page  42 one of your chiefe causes of your Assembly at this time is to informe you that you bee not ignorant of your duty in this; I wish you therefore as you would have my favour, and also charge you all in the Kings name, that you doe not forget the same in time and place, but that every of you doe observe his duty to mee accor∣ding as you will at your returne avoide the Kings in∣dignation, or deserve his Highnesse thankes; the which I will set forth at our returne, as each of you shall de∣serve.

Now to the second point the nature of the French∣men* is such that at their first meeting they will bee as familiar with you, as if they had knowne you by long acquaintance, and will commune with you in their French tongue as if they knew every word, therefore use them in a kind manner and bee as familiar with them as they are with you; if they speake to you in their natu∣rall tongue speake to them in English, for if you under∣stand not them, no more shall they you. Then speaking merrily to one of the Gentlemen being a Welshman, Rice, (quoth hee) speake thou welsh to them and doubt not, but thy speech will be more difficult to them then their French shall bee to thee. Moreover hee said unto them all, let your entertainement and behaviour bee according to all Gentlemens in humility, that it may bee reported after our departure from thence, that you were Gentle∣men of very good behaviour and humility; That all men may know, you understand your duties to your King. and to your Master. Thus shall you not onely obtaine to your selves great commendations and praises; But also great∣ly advance your Prince and Countrey.

Now being admonished of these things prepare your selves against tomorrow, for then we purpose to set for∣ward. Therefore we his servants being thus instructed, and all things being in a readinesse proceeded forwards the next day being Mary Magdalens day, my Lord Car∣dinall * advanced out of Callis with such a number of black Page  41 Coats as hath beene seldome seene, with the Ambassa∣dour went all the Peeres of Callis, and Groynes. All o∣ther Gentlemen, besides those of his traine were gar∣nished with black Velvet coats and Chaines of gold. Thus passed he forward, with his troope before three in a Ranke, which compasse extended three quarters of a mile in length, having his Crosses, and all other his accu∣stomed * glorious furniture carried before him, as I have formerly related except the Broad Seale, the which hee left with Doctor Taylor, then Master of the Rolls untill his returne.

Thus passing on his way, we had scarce gone a mile, but it began to raigne so vehemently, that I have not seen the like for the time, which endured untill we came * to Bulloigne, and ere we came to Standingfield, the Car∣dinall of Lorraine a goodly young Gentleman gave my Lord a meeting, and received him with much joy and reverence, and so passed forth with my Lord in commu∣nication untill wee came neere the said Standingfield, which is a religious place standing betweene the English, French, and Imperiall Dominions, being a Newter, hol∣ding of neither of them. Then there we waited for my Lord le Count Brian Captaine of Picardy, with a great * number of Stradigatts or Arboncies standing in array in a great peece of greene Oates, all in harnesse upon light horses, passing on with my Lord in a wing into Bul∣loigne, and so after into Picardy, for my Lord doubted that the Emperour would lay some Ambushment to be∣tray him, for which cause he commanded them to attend * my Lord for the safety of his owne person, to conduct him from the danger of his enemies.

Thus rode hee accompanied untill hee came nigh to Bulloigne within an English mile, where all the worship∣full Citizens of Bulloigne came and met him, having a learned man that made an Oration in Latine to him, unto the which my Lord made answer, and that done, Mon∣sieur de Bees Captaine of Bulloigne with his retinue met Page  42〈1 page duplicate〉Page  41〈1 page duplicate〉Page  42 him on horseback with all his Assemblie. Thus he march∣ed into the Towne, lighting at the Abbey gate, from whence he was conveyed into the Abbey with proces∣sion, and there they presented him with the Image of * our Lady, commonly called our Lady of Bulloigne, where was alwayes great offerings; That done, he gave his blessing to the people, with certaine dayes of pardon; Then went he into the Abbey to his lodging, but all his traine were lodged in the high base Towne.

The next day after he had heard Masse, he rode to Mu∣terell,* where he was in like manner saluted by the wor∣shipfull of the Towne all in livery alike, where also a learned Oration was made to him in Latine, which his * Grace answered againe in Latine. And as hee entered in at the gate, there was a Canopie of Silke imbroydered with like Letters, as his men had on their coates. And when he was alighted, his Footmen had it as due to their Office. There was also made Pageants for joy of his * comming, who was called in the French tongue, whi∣ther ever he rode or came, Le Cardinall de Patifagus, and in Latine Cardinalus Patifagus, who was accompanied all that night with the Gentlemen of the Country there∣abouts.

The next day he tooke his journey towards Abovile, where he was in like manner entertained, and conveyed * into the Towne, and most honourably welcommed with divers kindes of Pageants both costly, and wittily contri∣ved to every turning of the streetes: as he rode through the Towne, having a Canopie borne over him, richer then at Muterill, and so conveyed him to his lodging which was a faire house newly built with Brick, at which house the French King Lowis was married to the Kings Sister, which was married after to the Duke of Suffolke. In this Towne of Abovile hee remained eight or nine dayes, where resorted unto him divers of the French Kings Counsell, every day continually feasting, and entertain∣ing him, and the other Lords.

Page  43 At the time of his departing out of the Towne, he rode to a Castle beyond the water, called by some, Le Channell Percequeine, standing & adjoyning to the said water upon a great Hill and Rock, within the which there was a Coledge of Priests; The scituation whereof was much like to the Castle of Windsor in England, and there he was received with a solemne procession, conveying him first to the Church, and then to the Castle upon the Bridge over the water of Some, where King Edward the Fourth met with the French King, as you may reade at large in the Chronicles of England.

My Lord was no sooner seated in his lodging, but * I heard, that the French King would come that day to the City of Amience which was not above six English miles from thence. And being desirous to see his com∣ming thither, I tooke with mee two of my Lords Gen∣tlemen and rode presently thither: And being but stran∣gers wee tooke up our lodging at the signe of the An∣gell, directly over against the west dore of the Cathedrall Church de nostre Dame, where wee stayed in expectation of the Kings comming: And about foure of the clock came Madame Regent the Kings Mother riding in a very rich Charriot, and with her within was the Queene of *Navarre, her Daughter, attended with a hundred or more of Ladies and Gentlewomen following, every one riding upon a white Palfrey, also her guard which was no small number. And within two dayes after the King * came in with a great Shot of Gunnes, & there was divers Pageants made onely for joy of his comming, having about his person and before him a great number of No∣blemen and Gentlemen in three companies: The first, were of Swithers and Burgonians with gunnes; The second, were Frenchmen with Bowes; The third, were le Carpe-fall Scottishmen, who were more comely per∣sons then all the rest. The French guard and Scottish had all one Livery, being apparalled with rich Coates of white Cloath with a rich guard of silver Bullione of Page  44 a handfull broad: The King came riding on a rich Jennet, and did alight at the said great Church and was con∣veyed with procession to the Bishops Pallace where hee was lodged. The next morning, I rode againe to Picegueny to attend upon my Lord, and when I came, my Lord was ready to goe on horsebacke to ride to∣wards Amience, and passing on his way, hee was saluted by divers Noble personages making him Orations in Latine, to whom my Lord made answer ex tem∣pore.

Then was word brought him that the King was ready to meete him, wherefore hee had no other shift, but to light at an old Chappell that stood hard by the * high way, and there hee newly apparrelled himselfe in rich array; and so mounted againe upon an other Mule very richly trapped with a foote cloath of crimson vel∣vet purled with gold and fringed about the edges with a fringe of gold very costly, his stirrops of silver guilt, the Bosses of the same, and the checkes of his Mules bit were all guilt with fine gold, and by that time hee was mounted againe in this gorgious manner; the King was come very neere within lesse then an English quarter of a mile his guard standing in array upon the top of an high hill expecting my Lords comming; to whom my Lord made as much hast as conveniently hee could un∣till hee came within a paire of Buts length, and there hee stayed. The King perceiving that, caused Monsieur van de Mount to issue from him, and to ride to my Lord Cardinall to know the cause of his tarrying, and so Mon∣sieur van de Mount being mounted upon a very faire Jennet tooke his race with his horse till hee came even to my Lord, and then hee caused his horse to come aloft twice or thrice so neere my Lords Mule, that hee was in doubt of his horse and so alighted, and in humble reve∣rence did his Message to my Lord, that done hee repai∣red to the King. *

And then the King advanced forwards, seeing my Page  45 Lord doe the like, and in the mid way, they meet em∣bracing each other with amiable countenances. Then came into the place all Noblemen and Gentlemen on both parts who made a mighty presse.

Then the Kings Officers cried penant de la vant march march: So the King with the Lord Cardinall on his right * hand rode towards Amience; Every English Gentle∣man being accompained with an other of France. The traine of these two great Princes was two miles in length, that is to say from the place of their meeting unto Amience where they were nobly received with Gunnes and Pageants, untill the King had brought my Lord to his lodging, and then departed for that night. The King being lodged in the Bishops Pallace: And the next day after dinner, my Lord rode with a great traine of English Noblemen and Gentlemen unto the Court to the King, at which time, the King kept his Bed, yet neverthelesse, my Lord came into his Bedcham∣ber where on the one side of the Bed sat the Kings Mo∣ther, and on the other side, the Cardinall of Lorraine ac∣companied with divers other Gentlemen of France, and after some communication, and drinking of wine with the Kings Mother, my Lord departed and returned to his owne lodging accompanied with divers other Lords and Gentlemen.

Thus continued my Lord at Amience and also the King * 14. dayes feasting each other divers times, and there one day at Masse, the King and my Lord received the holy Sacrament, as also the Queene Regent and the Queene of Navarre, after that it was determined, that the King and my Lord should remove, and so they rode to a City cal∣led Campaine which was more then 20. miles from *Amience, unto which Towne I was sent to provide lod∣ging for my Lord, and in my travell, I having occasion to stay by the way at a little Village to shoe my horse; There came to me a servant from the Castle, there per∣ceiving mee to bee an Englishman, and one of my Lord Page  46 Legates servants (as they then called my Lord) desired mee to goe into the Castle to the Lord his Master, whom hee thought would bee very glad to see mee, to whom I consented, because I desired acquaintance with stran∣gers, especially with men of authority and honourable ranck; so I went with him, who conducted mee to the Castle, and at my first entrance, I was among the Watch∣men who kept the first ward being very tall men and comely persons, who saluted me very kindly; and know∣ing the cause of my comming, they advertised their Lord and Master: and forthwith the Lord of the Castle came out unto mee, whose name was Monsieur Crookesly a Nobleman borne; and at his comming, hee embraced * mee, saying, that I was heartily welcome, and thanked mee; that was so gentle as to visit him, and his Castle, saying that hee was preparing to meet the King, and my Lord Cardinall, and to invite them to his Castle: and when hee had shewed mee the strength of his Castle, and the Walls which were 14. foot broad, and I had seeh all the houses, hee brought mee downe into a faire inner Court where his Jennet stood ready for him with 12. other of the fairest Jennets that ever I saw, especcially his owne, which was a Mare: which Jennet he told mee, hee had 400. crownes offered for her; Upon these 12. Jennets were mounted 12. goodly Gentlemen, called Pages of honour, they rode all bare-headed in Coates of cloath of gold guarded with black velvet, and they had all of them boots of read Spanish leather.

Then tooke he his leave of me, commanding his Ste∣ward, * and other of his Gentlemen to conduct me to his Lady to dinner; So they led me up to the Gatehouse, wher then their Lady and Mistris lay for the time that the King and the Cardinall should tarry there. And after a short time the Lady Crookesley came out of her Cham∣ber into the dyning roome, where I attended her com∣ming, who did receive me very Nobly, like her selfe, she having a traine of twelve Gentlemen that did attend on Page  47 her. Forasmuch (quoth she) as you are an English Gen∣tleman, whose custome is to kisse all Ladies and Gentle∣women in your Countrey without offence, yet it is not so in this Realme; Notwithstanding, I will be so bold as * to kisse you, and so shall you salute all my Maides. After this we went to dinner, being as nobly served as ever I saw any in England, passing all dinner time in pleasing discourses.

And shortly after dinner I tooke my leave, and was constrained that night to lye short of Campanie, at a great walled Towne called Moundrodrey, the Suburbes where∣of my Lord of Suffolke had lately burned; and early in the morning I came to Campanie, being Saturday, and Market day, where at my first comming I tooke up my Inne over against the Market place, and being set at din∣ner in a faire Chamber that looked out into the street, I heard a great noise and clattering of Bills; and looking out, I saw the Officers of the Towne bringing a Priso∣ner to execution, and with a Sword cut off his head. I demanded what was the offence, they answered me, for killing of Red Deare in the Forrest neere adjoyning. And incontinently they held the poore mans head upon a Pole in the Market place betweene the Stagges hornes, and his foure quarters set up in foure places of the Forrest.

Having prepared my Cardinals lodgings in the great Castle of the Towne, and seene it furnished, my Lord had the one halfe assigned, and the King the other halfe, and in like manner they divided the Gallery betweene them; * And in the middest thereof, there was made a strong Wall with a Window and a Doore, where the King and my Lord did often meet and talke, and divers times goe one to the other through the same Doore. Also there was lodged in the same Castle Madam Regent the Kings Mother, and all the Ladies and Gentlewomen that did attend on her.

Not long after came the Lord Chancellour of France,Page  48 a very witty man, with all the Kings grave Councel∣lours, where they tooke great paines daily in consultati∣on. At which time I heard my Lord Cardinall fall out * with the Chancellour of France, laying to his charge, that he went about to hinder the League which was be∣fore his comming concluded upon, by the King our So∣veraigne Lord, and the French King their Master. Inso∣much that my Lord stomacked him stoutly, and told him it was not he that should infringe the amiable friendship. And if the French King his Master being there present would follow his the Chancellours counsell, hee should not faile shortly after his returne to feele the smart, what it was to maintaine Warre against the King of England, and thereof hee should be well assured; inso∣much that his angry speech and bold countenance made them all doubt how to quiet him to the counsell, who * was then departed in a great fury.

Now here was sending, here was comming, here was intreating, and here was great submission and in∣tercession * made unto him to reduce him to his former communication, who would in no wayes relent untill Madame Regent came to him her selfe, who handled the matter so well that shee brought him to his former com∣munication, and by that meanes, hee brought all things to passe, that before hee could not compasse, which was more out of feare then affection the French King had to the matter in hand; for now hee had got the heades of all the Councell under his girdle.

The next morning early after this conflict, the Cardi∣nall arose about 4. of the clock, and sate him downe to write Letters into England unto the King, commanding one of his Chaplaines to prepare him ready; Insomuch that the Chaplaine stood ready in his Vestures untill foure of the clocke in the afternoone. All which season my Lord never rose to eate any meate, but continually writ Letters with his owne hand; And about foure of the * clocke in the afternoone he made an end of writing, Page  49 commanding one Christopher Gunner the Kings Ser∣jeant to * prepare himselfe without delay to ride Post into England with his Letters whom he dispatcht away ere ever he dranke. That done, he went to Masse and Mat∣tins, and other devotions with his Chaplaine, as he was accustomed to doe, and then went to walke in a Garden the space of an houre and more, and then said Evening song, and so went to dinner and supper, making no long stay, and so went to bed.

The next night following, my Lord caused a great sup∣per to be made, or rather a Banquet for Madam Regent* and the Queene of Navarre, and other Noble Persona∣ges, Lords and Ladies. At which supper was Madam Lewis, one of the Daughters of Lewis the last King, whose sister lately dyed, these two Sisters were of their Mother Inheritours of the Dutchie of Brittaine. And forasmuch as King Francis had married one of the Sisters by which he had one Moytie of the said Dutchie, hee kept the said Madam Lewis the other Sister without Ma∣riage to the intent the whole Dutchie might descend to him or his successours after his death for lacke of issue of her.

But now let us returne to the Supper or Banquet, where all those noble personages were highly feasted. And at the middest of the said Banquet the French King * and the King of Navarre came suddenly in, who tooke their places in the lowest part thereof; There was not onely plenty of fine meates, but also much mirth and so∣lace aswell in merry communication, as also the noyse of my Lords Musique, who played there all that night so cunningly, that the two Kings tooke great delight there∣in, insomuch that the French King desired my Lord to lend them unto him for the next night. And after the Supper or Banquet ended, the Lords fell to dancing a∣mongst * whom one Madam Fountaine had the praise. And thus passed they the most part of the night ere they parted.

Page  50 The next day the King tooke my Lords Musicke, and rode to a Noblemans house, where was some living Image to whom he had vowed a nights pilgrimage. And to performe his devotion when he came there (which was in the night) he danced and caused others to doe the same, and the next morning he returned to Campanie.

The King being at Campanie, gave order that a wild * Bore should be lodged for him in the Forrest, whether my Lord Cardinall went with him to see him hunt the wild Bore, where the Lady Regent with a number of La∣dies and Damsels were standing in Chariots looking up∣on the toyle, amongst these Ladyes stood my Lord Car∣dinall, to regard the hunting in the Lady Regents Chari∣ot. And within the Toyle was the King with divers Ladyes of France ready furnished for the high and dan∣gerous enterprize of hunting of this perilous wilde Swine.

The King being in his Doublet and Hose all of sheepes colour cloth richly trimmed, in his slippe a brace of very great Gray-hounds, who were armed as their manner there is to defend them from the violence of the Beasts tuskes. And the rest of the Kings Gentlemen that were appointed to hunt, were likewise in their Doublets and Hose, holding each of them a very sharpe Bores speare. Then the King commanded the Keepers to uncouch the Boare; And that every person within the Toyle should goe to a standing, among whom were divers Gentlemen of England.

The Boare presently issued out of his denne, and being pursued by a hound came into the plaine, where he stayed a while gazing upon the people, and the hound drawing neere him, he espied a Bush upon a Banke; under the bush lay two Frenchmen, who fled thither, thinking there to be safe; But the Bore smelling them, and thrusting his head into the Bush, these two men came away from thence, as men use to fly from the danger of death.

Then was the Boare by violence of the Hunters driven Page  51 from thence, who 'ran straite to one of my Lords Foot∣men being a very tall man, who had in his hand an Eng∣lish Javelin, with which he defended himselfe a great while. But the Bore continued foaming at him with his great Tuskes; at the last the Boare broke in sunder his Javelin, so that he was glad to draw his sword, and therewith stood upon his guard untill the Hunters came and rescued him, and put the Boare once againe to flight to an other Gentleman of England, one Master Ratcliffe, who was sonne and heire to the Lord Fitzwalter, now Earle of Sussex, who by his Boares speare rescued him∣selfe. There were many other passages, but I forbeare prolixitie, and returne to the matter in hand.

Many dayes were spent in consultation, and expecta∣tion of Christopher Gunners returne, who was formerly sent post into England with Letters, as I said before; At last he returned with Letters, upon receipt whereof, my * Lord prepared with all expedition to returne to Eng∣land.

That mourning that my Lord intended to remove be∣ing at Masse in his Closet, he Consecrated the Chancel∣lour of France, a Cardinall, and put his Hat on his head, and his cap of Scarlet, and then tooke his journey, * and returned into England with all the expedition hee could, and came to Sayne, and was there nobly entertai∣ned of my Lord Stanes, who was captaine of that place, and from thence went to Callis, where he stayed a while for shipping of his goods. And in the meane time hee established a worke to be there kept for all Nations. But how long, or in what sort it continued, I know not; For I never heard of any great good it did, or of any Assembly of Merchants or traffique of Merchandize that were brought thither for so great and mighty a matter, as was intended for the good of the Towne; This being established, he tooke shipping for Dover, and from thence rode post to Court.

The King being then in his progresse at Sir Henry Wy∣atsPage  52 house in Kent, of whom I and other of his ser∣vants thought hee should have beene nobly entertained, as well of the King himselfe as of the Nobles: But wee were all deceived in our expectations: Notwithstanding * he went immediatly to the King after his returne, with whom hee had long talke, and continued two or three dayes after in the Court, and then retyred to his house at Westminster where he remained till Michaelmas Term, which was within a fort-night after, and there hee exerci∣sed his place of Chancellorship, as hee had done before.

And immediatly after the beginning of the Terme hee caused to be assembled in the Starre-chamber all the noble men, Iudges and Iustices of the peace of every shire throughout England, and were at Westminster-Hall then present. And there hee made a long Oration, declaring the cause of his Embassage into France, and of his pro∣ceedings * therein, saying that hee had concluded such an Amity and peace, as never was heard of in this Realme, betweene our Soveraigne Lord the Kings Majesty, the Emperour and the French King; for a perpetuall peace which shall bee confirmed in writing, under the seales of both Realmes engraven in gold: Offering further that our King should receive yearly by that name out of the * dutchy of Normandy, all the charges and losses hee had sustained in the warres.

And also for as much as there was a restraint made of the French Queenes Dowry (whom the Duke of Suf∣folke had married) for many yeares together during the warres: It was concluded that shee should not onely re∣ceive the same according to her just right, but also the Arrerages being unpaid during the said restraint should be perfected shortly after. The resort of Ambassadours out of France should bee such a great number of Noble∣men and Gentlemen to confirme the same as hath not bin seene heretofore repaire hither out of one Realme.

This peace thus concluded, there shall be such an ami∣ty Page  53 betweene them of each Realme, and entercourse of Merchandise, that it shall bee seene to all men to bee but one Monarchie. Gentlemen and others may travell from one countrey to an other for their recreations and plea∣sure. And Merchants of either countrey may traffike safely without feare of danger. So that this Realme shall ever after flourish.

Therefore may all Englishmen well rejoyce and set forth the truth of this Embassie in the Countrey. Now my Masters I beseech you and require you in the Kings behalfe, that you shew your selves as loving and obedi∣ent subjects in whom the King may much rejoyce, &c. And so hee ended his Oration, and brake up the Court for that time.