The negotiations of Thomas Woolsey, the great Cardinall of England containing his life and death, viz. (1) the originall of his promotion, (2) the continuance in his magnificence, (3) his fall, death, and buriall
Cavendish, George, 1500-1561?, Cavendish, William, Sir, 1505?-1557.

CHAP. V. Of the Orders and Offices of his house and Chappell.

ANd first for his House you shall understand that he had in his Hall three Boards kept with three severall Officers (that is to say) a Steward, that was alwayes a Priest, a Treasurer, that was ever a Knight, and a Controller that was an Esquire; Also a Confessor, a Doctor; Three Marshalls, three Vshers in the Hall, besides two Almoners and Groomes.

Then had he in the hall-kitchin two Clarkes, a Clarke Comptroller, and a Surveyor over the Dresser; A Clarke in the Spycerie which kept continually a Messe together in the Hall; Also he had in the Hall-kitchin two Cookes and labourers, and children, twelve persons; Foure men of the Scullery, two yeomen of the Pastry, with two other Past-layers under the yeomen.

Then had he in his Kitchin a master Cooke, who went daily in Velvet or Satin, with a gold chaine, besides two other Cookes, and six Labourers in the same Roome.

In the Larder one Yeoman and a Groome; In the Scul∣lery one Yeoman and two Groomes; In the Buttery two yeomen, and two groomes; In the Ewry so many; In the Sellar, three Yeomen, three Pages; In the Chandery, two yeomen; In the Wayfary two yeomen; In the Wardrop of Beds, the Master of the Wardrop, and twen∣ty persons besides; in the Laundery, a yeoman and a groome, and thirteene Pages, two yeomen Purveyours, and a groome Purveyor; In the Bakehouse two yeomen and groomes; In the Woodyard, one yeoman and a groome; In the Barne one yeoman; Porters at the Gate, Page  14 two Yeomen and two Groomes; A Yeoman in his Barge, and a Master of his Horse; a Clarke of the Sta∣bles, and a Yeoman of the same; a Farrier, and a yeoman of the Stirrop; a Maltlour and sixteene Groomes, every one of them keeping foure Geldings.

Now will I declare unto you the Officers of his Chap∣pell * and singing men of the same. First hee had there a Deane, a great Divine, and a man of excellent learning, and a sub-Deane a Repeatout of the Quire, a Gospeller, an Epistler of the singing Priests, a Master of the children; In the Vestrey a yeoman, and two groomes, besides o∣ther Retainers that came thither at principall Feasts.

And for the furniture of his Chappell, it passeth my weake capacitie to declare the number of the costly Or∣naments, and rich Iewels that were occupied in the same; For I have seene in procession about the Hall, for∣tie foure rich Copes of one settle worne, besides the rich Candlesticks, and other necessarie Ornaments to the fur∣niture of the same.

Now you shall understand that hee had two Crosse∣bearers, * and two Pillar-bearers in his great Chamber, and his privie Chamber, all these persons; The chiefe Chamberlaine, a Vice-chamberlaine, a gentleman Vsher, beside one of his privie Chamber; Hee had also twelve Wayters, and six gentlemen Wayters; Also he had nine or tenne Lords, who had each of them two or three men to waite upon him, except the Earle of Darby who had five men.

Then he had gentlemen-Cup-bearers, and Carvers, and of the Sewers, both of the great Chamber, and of the Pri∣vie chamber fortie persons; Sixe yeomen Vshers, eight groomes of his Chamber; Also he had of Almes, who were daily wayters of his Boord at Dinner; Twelve Do∣ctors and Chaplaines, besides them of his, which I ne∣ver rehearsed; a Clarke of his Closet, and two Secreta∣ries, and two clarkes of his Signet; Foure Councellours learned in the Law.

Page  15 And for that he was Chancellour of England, it was necessarie to have officers of the Chancerie to attend him for the better furniture of the same.

First, he had a Ryding Clarke, a clerke of the Crowne, a clarke of the Hamper, a Chafer; Then had hee a clarke of the Checke, aswell upon the Chaplaines, as upon the yeomen of the Chamber; He had also foure Foot-men garnished with rich running Coates, whensoever he had any journey. Then he had a Herauld of Armes, a Serje∣ant of armes; a Phisitian, an Apothecarie; Foure Min∣strells, a keeper of his Tents, an Armourer; An Instru∣ctor of his Wards, an Instructor of his Wardrop of Roabes, a Keeper of his Chamber continually; Hee had also in his house a Surveyor of Yorke, a Clerke of the Greene-cloth. All these were daily attending downe∣lying and uprising. And at meat hee had Eight continu∣all Boards for the Chamberlaines and gentlemen Officers, having a Mease of young Lords, and another of Gentle∣men; Besides this, there was never a Gentleman or Of∣ficer, or other worthy person, but hee kept some two, some three persons to waite upon them; And all other at the least had one which did amount to a great number of persons.

Now having declared the order according to the Cheine Roll, use his house, and what Officers he had dai∣ly attending to furnish the same, besides retainers and other persons being suitors dined in the Hall. And when shall wee see any more such Subjects that shall keepe such a Noble house; Therefore here is an end of his hous∣hold, the number of persons in the Cheyne were Eight hundred persons.