A Declaration of the Lords and Commons of the Parliament of England, to the High and Mighty Lords the States of the Uni∣ted Provinces.
We the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, taking into se∣rious consideration the meanes of composing the great distempers and combustions begun in this Kingdom, which threaten the destruction and ruine of it, and of all other Protestant Princes and States; have thought good to make this Declaration to the High and Mightie Lords, the States of the United Provinces, That we under stand by a Letter of the Lord Digby, a person fled out of this Kingdom for high Treason: That as he often endeavoured by his wicked and malicious counsels to make di∣vision between his Majestie and the Parliament, and hath been in great part the cause of that miserable and unnatural War which is made against us by his Majestie, so he hath laboured by all means in the United Pro∣vinces to provide Arms, Powder, and Ammunition for the fomenting of that War, and making it more dangerous to this Kingdom; and for this purpose did address himself to the Prince of Orange, by whose counte∣nance and help (as we are informed by the Lord Digby's own Letters) he hath made provision of great quantities of Ordnance, Powder, Arms, and divers other sorts of warlike provision.
And we are further informed by credible advertisement, that the Prince of Orange in favour of the Lord Digby, and those other wicked Counsellours and Incendiaries, who being joyned together in these mis∣chievous practises against the peace of this Kingdom; hath not onely li∣censed, but the better to encourage divers Commanders, experienced Of∣ficers, and Souldiers to resort into this Kingdom in aid of them against the Parliament, hath promised to reserve their places for them in their absence, and doth cause other provision of the same kinde to be made, and prepared to be sent over for their supplie, to the great hurt of this Kingdom, and the danger of interrupting the most necessarie, profitable, and long continued amitie between the two States.
We further desire to let them know, that we cannot believe that this is done by any authoritie or direction from their Lordships, considering the great help that they have received from this Kingdom▪ when heretofore they lay under the heavie oppression of their Princes, and how conducible the friendship of this Nation (concurring with the wisdom, valour, and industrie of their own people) hath been to the greatness and power which they now enjoy.
Neither can we think that they will be forward to help to make us slaves, who have been usefull and assistant in making them free-men.
Or that they will forget that our Troubles and Dangers issue from the same Fountain with their own, and that those who are set a work to under∣mine Religion and Libertie in the Kingdome are the same, which by open force did seek to bereave them of both.
Page 570 It cannot be unknown to that wise State, that it is the Iesuitical Facti∣on here, that hath corrupted the counsels of our King, the consciences of a grea• part of our Clergie, which hath plotted so many mischievous De∣signs, to destroy the Parliament, and still endeavoureth to divide Ire∣land from this Kingdom, by a most wicked and cruel Rebellion there, and to divide the King from his Parliament and people here; and by false slanders, and imputations of things never done nor intended by us, hath incensed his Majestie, so as that after many bitter Invec•ives publish∣ed against us without any just cause given, he hath now at lastresolved to set up his Royal Standard, and draw his Sword for the destruction and ruine of his most faithfull and obedient people, whom by the Laws and Constitutions of this Kingdom he is bound to preserve and protect.
The cases and the fortunes of both Estates being so involved and uni∣ted, we cannot expect to be hindred by them in our just defence, or that they will do any thing, to aggravate the Miseries and Troubles of this Kingdom, in the peace and happiness whereof they have found much ad∣vantage, and by such unfriendly and unseasonable Supplies of our com∣mon Enemies, make a way to their own as well as our ruine.
We therefore desire they may betimes look into this mischief, and ha∣ving searched it into the bottom, to stop the further progress of it. That they will not suffer more Ordnance, Armour, or any other like warlike pro∣vision to be brought over to strengthen those, who as soon as they shall pre∣vail against the Parliament (according to their principles and interests by which they are guided) will use that strength to the ruine of those from whom they have had it.
We desire they would not send over any Countreymen to further our Destruction, who were sent to them for their preservation, That they will not anticipate the spilling of English bloud in an unnatural civil War, which hath been so chearfully and plentifully hazzarded and spent in that just and honourable Wa•, by which they have been so long preserved, and to which the bloud of those persons, and many other Subjects of this Kingdom is still in a manner dedicated, but rather that they will cashier and discard from their Employment those that will presume to come over for that purpose.
And in satisfying these our reasonable and necessarie Desires, they shall thereby not onely secure us, but themselves, yea, they shall most of all advantage his Majestie, for whose service those things are pretended to be done.
The question between his Majestie and Parliament is not, whether he shall enjoy the same prerogative and power which hath belonged to our former Kings, his Majesties royal predecessours, but whether that prero∣gative and power should be imployed to our defence, or to our ruine.
We expect nothing from him but securitie and protection from those mischievous Designs which have been so often multiplied and renewed against us, though hitherto (through Gods providence) as often fru∣strated.
Page 571 It cannot be denied by those who look indifferently on our proceedings and affairs, but that it will be more honour and wealth, safetie and greatness to his Majestie in concurring with his Parliament, than in the course in which he now is: but so unhappie hath his Majestie and the Kingdom been in those, who have the greatest influence upon his Coun∣sels, that they look more upon the prevailing of their own p•rtie, than up∣on any those great Advantages both to his Crown and Royal Person, which he might obtain by joyning with his people. And so cunning are those Factors for Poperie, in prosecution of their own aims, that they can put on a counterfeit visage of honour, peace, and greatness upon those courses and counsels, which have no truth and realtie, but of weakness, disho∣nour, and miseries to his Majestie and whole Kingdom.
We have lately expressed our earnest Inclinations to that National love and amitie with the United Provinces, which is nourished and confirmed by so many civil respects and mutual interests, as makes it so natural to us, that we have this Parliament in our humble Petition to his Majestie desired we might be joyned with that State in a more near and strait League and union. And we cannot but expect some returns from them of the like expressions; and that they will be so far from blowing the fire which begins to kindle amongst us, that they will rather endeavour to quench it by strengthening and encouraging us, who have no other De∣sign but not to be destroyed, and preserve our Religion, save our selves, and the other Reformed Churches of Christendom from the mas∣sacres and extirpations with which the principles of the popish Religion do threaten us and them, which are begun to be acted in Ireland, and in the hopes, endeavours, and intentions of that partie had long since been executed upon us, if the mercie, favour, and blessing of Almightie God had not superabounded, and prevented the subtiltie and malignitie of cruel, wicked, and bloud-thirstie men.
And thus being fleshed, they go on amain, having seized the Kings Magazines, Forts, Navy, and Militia, leaving him naked, and indisposed (no doubt) to the beginning of this War, whereof himself complains.
How untruly I am charged (says he) with the first raising of an Armie,* and beginning this Civil War, the eys, that onely pitie me, and the loyal hearts that durst onely pray for me at first, might witness, which yet ap∣pear not so many on my side, as there were men in Arms listed against me; mine unpreparedness for a War may well dishearten those that would help me▪ while it argues (truly) mine unwillingness to fight; yet it testifies for me, that I am set on the defensive part; having so little hopes or power to offend others, that I have none to defend my self, or to preserve what is mine own from their prer•ption.
No man can doubt but they prevented me in their purposes, as well as their injuries, who are so much before hand in their preparations against Page 572 me, and surprisals of my strength. Such as are not for them, yet dare not be for me; so over-aw'd is their loyaltie by the others numbers and terrours. I believe mine innocencie, and unpreparedness to assert my Rights and Honour, makes me the more guiltie in their esteem; who would not so easily have declared a War against me, if I had first as∣saulted them.
They knew my chiefest Arms left me, were those onely, which the An∣cient Christians were wont to use against their Persecutours, Prayers and Tears. These may serve a good man's turn, if not to conquer as a Soul∣dier, yet to suffer as a Martyr.
Their preventing of me, and surprizing my Castles, Forts, Arms, and Navie, with the Militia, is so far best for me, That it may drive me from putting any trust in the arm of flesh, and wholly to cast my self into the protection of the living God, who can save by few, or none, as well as by many.
He that made the greedie Ravens to be Elias's Caterers, and bring him food, may also make their surprizal of outward force and defence an opportunitie to shew me the special support of his power and pro∣tection.
I thank God I reckon not now the want of the Militia so much in re∣ference to mine own protection as my peoples.
Their many and sore oppressions grieve me; I am above mine own; what I want in the hands of force and power, I have in the wings of Faith and Prayer.
But this is the strange method these men will needs take to resolve their Riddle of making me a glorious King, by taking away my Kingly power: thus I shall become a support to my Friends, and a terrour to mine Enemies, being unable to succour the one, or suppress the other.
For thus have they designed and propo•ed to me, the new modelling of Sovereigntie and Kingship, so, without any realitie of power, or without any necessitie of subjection and obedience; That the Majestie of the Kings of England might hereafter hang like Mahomet's Tomb, by a Magnetick Charm, between the power and privileges of the two Houses, in an aierie imagination of Regalitie.
But I believe the surfeit of too much power, which some men have greedily seized on, and now seek wholly to devour, will, ere long, make the Common-wealth sick both of it and them, since they cannot well digest it; Sovereign Power in Subjects seldom agreeing with the Stomachs of fellow Subjects.
Yet I have even in this point of the constant Militia sought, by satis∣fying their fears and importunities, both to secure my Friends, and over∣come mine Enemies; to gaine the peace of all, by depriving my self of a sole power to help, or hurt any: yielding the Militia (which is mine undoubted Right no less than the Crown) to be disposed of as the two Houses shall thank fit, during my time.
Page 573 So willing am I to burie all Iealousies in them of me; and to live above all Iealousies of them, as to my self; I desire not to be safer than I wish them and my people: if I had the sole actual disposing of the Mili∣tia, I could not protect my People, further than they protected me, and themselves: so that the use of the Militia is mutual. I would but de∣fend my self so far, as to be able to defend my good Subjects from those mens violence and fra•d, who, conscious to their own evil merits and Designs, will needs perswade the world, that none but Wolves are fit to be trusted with the custodie of the Shepherd and his Flock. Miserable experience hath taught my Subjects, since power hath been wrested from me, and imployed against me and them, that neither can be safe if both be not in such away, as the Law hath intrusted the publick safetie and welfare.
Yet even this Concession of mine as to the exercise of the Militia, so vast and large, is not satisfactorie to some men, which seem to be Ene∣mies not to me onely, but to all Monarchie; and are resolved to trans∣mit to posteritie such Iealousies of the Crown, as they should never per∣mit it to enjoy its just and necessarie Rights, in point of power; to which (as last) all Law is resolved, while thereby it is best protected.
But here Honour and Iustice, due to my Successours, forbid me to yield to such a total alienation of that power from them, which civilitie and dutie (no less than Iustice and Honour) should have forbad them to have asked of me.
For, although I can be content to eclipse mine own beams to satisfie their fears; who think they must needs be scorched or blinded, if I should shine in the full lustre of Kingly power, wherewith God and the Laws have invested me; yet I will never consent to put out the Sun of Sovereigntie to all posteritie, and succeeding Kings; whose just reco∣verie of their Rights, from unjust usurpations and extortions, shall ne∣ver be prejudiced or obstructed by any Act of mine; which indeed would not be more injurious to succeeding Kings, than to my Subjects; whom I desire to leave in a condition not wholly desperate for the future; so as by a Law to be ever subjected to those many factious. Distractions, which must needs follow the many-headed Hydra of Government: which, as it makes a shew to the people to have more eys to foresee; so they will finde, it hath more mouths too, which must be satisfied: and (at best) it hath rather a monstrositie, than any thing of perfection, beyond that of right Monarchie: where counsel may be in many as the senses, but the Supreme power can be but in one as the Head.
Happily when men have tried the horrours and malignant influence which will certainly follow my enforced Darkness and Eclipse, (occasi∣oned by the interposition and shadow of that Bodie, which as the Moon receiveth its chiefest light from me) they will at length more esteem and welcome the restored glorie and blessing of the Sun's light.
And if at present I may seem by my receding so much from the use of my Rights in the power of the Militia to come short of the Discharge of Page 574 that trust to which I am sworn for my peoples protection; I conceive those men are guiltie of the inforced perjurie, (if so it may seem) who compell me to take this new and strange way of discharging my Trust, by seeming to desert it; or protecting my Subjects by exposing my self to Danger or Dishonour, for their safetie and quiet.
Which in the Conflicts of Civil War and Advantages of Power can∣not be effected but by some side yielding; to which the greatest love of the publick peace, and the firmest assurance of Gods protection (arising from a good conscience) doth more invite me, than can be expected from other mens fears; which, arising from the injustice of their actions (though never so succesfull) yet dare not adventure their Authours upon any other way of safetie, than that of the Sword and Militia; which yet are but weak Defenses against the stroaks of divine vengeance, which will over-take; or of mens own consciences, which always attend inju∣rious perpetrations.
For my self, I do not think that I can want any thing which provi∣dential necessitie is pleased to take from me, in order to my peoples tran∣quillitie, and Gods glorie, whose protection is sufficient for me; and he is able, by his being with me, abundantly to compensate to me, as he did to Job, whatever honour, power, or libertie the Chaldeans, the Sabeans, or the Devil himself can deprive me of.
Although they take from me all Defence of Arms and Militia; all Refuge, by Land, of Forts and Castles; all Flight, by Sea, in my Ships and Navie; yea, though they studie to rob me of the hearts of my Sub∣jects, the greatest Treasure and best Ammunition of a King▪ yet cannot they deprive me of mine own innocencie, or Gods mercie, nor obstruct my way to Heaven.
We enter upon the militarie effects of this civil uncivil War,* be∣twixt the King and Parliament, both parties preparing their several Armies. The King is Generalissimo himself in person, over his own: his Captain General, as yet named, was the Marquess Hertford, but when he came to action he elected for his General that faithfull, loyal, well•experienced Commander the Earl of Lindsey, Lord High Chamberlain of England.
And the Earl of Essex was Captain General for the other, now formed into force sufficient to advance towards the King, as yet a•York▪ where he summons all his loving Subjects on this side Trent, to come to his aid, the Rendezvouz being at York, Thursday the fourth of August, 1642.
And to begin the quarrel Sir Iohn Hotham had on Wednesday be∣fore,* sallied out of Hull with forty horse, and fell upon one hundred and fifty of the Kings party (whom they called Cavaliers, and so shall we stile them for distinction throughout) them intrenched at Anla∣by; and surprized shifted away, but their two Centinels slain, which flesht the other in blood, galloping after the Foot, seized Page 575 their Colours and seve•ty Muskets with some prisoners, burned the poor Barn, which Sir Iohn named a •arison and so returned Victor.
The next news comes from Portsmouth:* The County bands •n∣tending to surprize that Town which was kept for the King by Colonel Goring, who having timely notice, met them by the way two miles off, where he skirmished and retyred. But the Assaylers gave Intelligence into the Town to their faction, of their design, and were promised connivance; whilst the Parliament espousing the quarrel, Sir Iohn Merricks Regiment and a Troop of Horse were suddenly sent thither to joyn with the Trained bands of Hampshire, who began the Siege, which Marquess Hertford hastens to remove.
The Kings Forces were at first formed at York, then the Rendez∣vouz to Nottingham, where he sets up his standard, and there increa∣sing, he Marches Westward to Stafford, then to Leicester, and so passing by the Earl of Essex house Chart•ey, without other pressure upon that place than as if he were the Kings General, nay the Kings express pleasure was, to restrain the Souldiers Liberty, who otherwise would have rased it to the ground and ruined his Estate about it, from thence he Marches towards Wales and settles at Shrewsbury, where he gathers into a body, capable to March South∣ward and to meet his Enemy.
The Parliaments Forces formed at London, Rendevouz at St. Albans, marching Northwards to Attach the King, and to take him from his Cavaliers, and bring him home to his Parliament, and henceforward we shall finde the effects of both Armies.
And the Parliament to bound and limit their General,* prescribe to him directions in effect.
1. To restrain all prophaness in his Army.
2. To March and fight with the Kings Army, and by Battel or o∣therwise to rescue his Majesties person, the Prince and Duke of York out of the hands of those now a•out him.
3. To take his opportunity in some honourable way to cause the Petition of Parliament to be presented to his Majesty, who, if he be pleased to withdraw himself from his forces and to resort to his Parliament, you shall cause those forces to disband, and shall serve and defend the King with sufficient strength in his ret•rn.
4. To declare that if any will (within ten daies after publication) withdraw from Assisting the King, and return to the Parliament, shall have pardon, Except Delinquents already voted, or to be voted or Impeached, or who stand impeached of High Treason, or have been eminent or active against the Parliament. And except the Duke of Richmond; The Earl of Cumberland, Newcastle, Rivers, and Carnarvan; Viscounts Newark, and Falkland, principal Secretary to the King; Secretary Nicholas, Mr. Endimion Porter, and Mr. Edward Hide.
Page 5765. To receive the Loans or contributions of Money, Plate, or Horses, for the support of the Army, certifying the sums of money, weight of Plate and value of Horses, that the parties may thereby be repaid upon publique faith.
6. To protect the good people, from violence of the Cavaliers, and to restore to them their losses.
7. To apprehend all persons Impeached, as Traytors or other Delin∣quents, and secure them to the Parliament.
8. To observe such further directions, as he shall receive from the Parliament.
He had a Committee or any four of them, whereof the General to be one from time to time to consult and to acquaint the Parlia∣ment with their Resolutions, for both houses to proceed thereupon, as to them shall be thought fitting. And to take subscriptions for any Money, Plate or provisions, and their Testimony shall be suffi∣cient warrant, to be repayed at 8. per cent. by publique faith. And to have power, to examine, apprehend and punish or discharge ma∣lignants as they shall think fit.
Sir Iohn Byron having raised some Troops in the County of Ox∣ford for the Kings service,* and Marching towards Northampton, re∣freshed himself and horses at Brackley, and there unexpectedly was assaulted by sundry Troops of the Parliaments party from North∣hampton, and indeed treacherously set upon by the Town of Brackley, and forced to retreat to the Heath, in which confusion his servants were surprized in the Town, some carriages, and his Cabinet of papers seized; Of which he complains to Mr. Clark at Craughton neer Barkley, to be in his Custody, to whom he sends a Messenger with a letter, for the restitution, and tells him, which if you do I shall represent it to his Majesty as an acceptable service▪ If not, assure your self I shall finde a time to repay my self with advantage out of your estate, and consider, That as Rebellion is a weed of a hasty growth, so it will decay as suddainly, and that the•e will be a time for the Kings Loyal Subjects to repair their losses sustained by Rebels and Traytors.
Oxford the first of September.
Yours, John Byron.
This Letter Craughton remits to the Parliament, upon which they declare Byron and his Associates Rebels, & encourage the other parties, as good Subjects and acceptable to the Parliament, and shall be so justified and all others taking part with them.
The Marquess Hertford and his Forces seized Sherborn Castle,* which the Earl of Bedford was ordered to besiege, but staied so long at Dorcester for Forces from about Plimouth, that this Marquess took his leave Marching over Serdown towards Shrewsbury and after him followes Bedford.
Page 577Sir Iohn Byron marches to Worcester, and takes it for the King, intending to garison there; but to prevent any Forces to joyn with him, Mr. Fines is sent from his Father with some Dragoons to stop the passage, and to prepare for a Siege.
At this time arrives two of the Prince Elector's Brothers, Rupert and Maurice, and no sooner come to the King, but are entertained presently with power and authority, and put into action; fatal As∣sistants they were to their Uncle the King in these unhappy pro∣ceedings.
The ninth of September sets forth the Earl of Essex out of Lon∣don towards St. Albans,* and his Army; in way of triumph he went out, waited on by the Parliament, and millions of people laning the high way throughout, attended with the gallantry of his great Commanders, and accompanied with such of the Nobles and Gen∣try who favoured his Design, the multitude crying out Hosanna; others muttering, That even so was done and said to his Father, in his Expedition towards Ireland, who returned back a Traitor, and lost his head at last.
The King in the head of his Army between Stafford and Welling∣ton, after the reading of his Orders military, himself tells them;
Gentlemen,* I shall be very severe in punishing every person offending without distinction. He cannot suspect their courage and resolution, their conscience and loyaltie having brought them hither for their Reli∣gion, their King, and the Laws of the Land, against their Enemies, none but Traitors, most of them Brownists, Anabaptists, and Atheists, such as desire to destroy both Church and State, and who have already condemned you to ruine for being loyal to him.
And makes this Protestation.
I do promise in the presence of Almightie God, and as I hope for his blessing and protection, that I will to the utmost of my power defend and maintain the true Reformed Protestant Religion, established in the Church of England; and by the grace of God in the same will live and die.
I desire to govern by the known Laws of the Land, and that the Liberty and Propriety of the Subject may be by them preserved, with the same care as mine own just Rights.
And if it please God, by his blessing upon this Armie, raised for my necessarie Defence, to preserve me from this Rebellion, I do solemnly and faithfully promise in the sight of God, to maintain the just Privilege and Freedom of Parliament, and to govern by the known Laws of the Land, to my utmost power, and particularly to observe inviolably the Laws consented unto by me this Parliament.
Page 578In the mean while, if this time of War, and the great necessitie and straits I am now driven unto, beget any violation of these, I hope it shall be imputed by God and Man to the Authours of this War, and not to me, who have so earnestly laboured for the peace of this Kingdom.
When I willingly fail in these particulars, I will expect no Aid or Re∣lief from any man, or protection from Heaven.
But in this resolution I hope for the chearful assistance of all good men, and am confident of Gods blessing. Septemb. 19.
And that the several Armies might not over-start each other, the Parl. declares, That all their Foot and Horse in London, and all parts in England shall within eight and fourty hours march to their General the Earl of Essex, for defence of the King and Kingdom, the Privi∣lege of Parliament, and Liberty of the Subjects: and such Regi∣ments as are not four hundred, and Troops not fourty, shall be ca∣shiered, and disposed to recruit others; excepting the Regiments of Colonel Essex and Ballard, being in the States service. Sept. 23.
And order that Delinquents houses shall be preserved as houses of the Common-wealth for publick service or Prisons.
And because the Earl of Essex may be assured upon what Basis he is called to be their General,* they sent to him the Parliaments Peti∣tion to the King, to be presented by him, which tells his Majesty;
That his loyal Subjects the Lords and Commons in Parliament can not without tenderness of compassion behold the pressing calamities of England and Ireland, by the practices of a prevailing partie with his Majestie, to alter true Religion, the ancient Government of this King∣dom, introducing superstition in the Church, and confusion in the State, exciting, incouraging, and fostering the Rebellion in Ireland, and as there, so here begin the like Massacre, by drawing on a War against the Parliament, leading his Person against them, as if by conquest to esta∣blish an unlimited power over the people, seeking to bring over the Rebells of Ireland to joyn with them; and all these evil Counsellours are de∣fended and protected by him against the justice of Parliament; who have for their just defence of Religion, the King, Crown, and Dignitie, of the Laws, Liberties, and power of Parliament, taken up Arms, and authorized the Earl of Essex their Captain General against these Re∣bells and Traitors.
And pray the King to with-draw his person, and leave them to be supprest by this power, and to return to his Parliament; and that they will receive him with honour, yield him obedience, secure his person, and establish him and his people with all the blessings of a glorious and happie Reign.
I cannot finde that this Petition was presented; but I am assured, that the General Essex twice sent to the King for a safe Conduct for Page 579 those who should be imployed therein, and it was refused, (they say) to be received, that humble and dutifull Petition, (as they stiled it.)
'Tis strange, for the King had never refused any Message or Peti∣tion from either, or both Houses, not onely with safety but cando•r▪ when their Errand hath been full of reproach and scorn, (as the King says) and the bringers bold, arrogant & seditious in their demeanour▪ and therefore there needed to have been no more scruple in this.
But it was thus, that the King being at Shrewsbury, the Earl of Dorset receives a Letter from the Earl of Essex, intimating that he had a Petition from both Houses to that purpose, asking a safe Conduct for those that should be sent.
To whom the King answered, That as he had never refused to re∣ceive any, so he should be ready to give a fitting Reception and Answer to this, and the Bringers of it should have safe Conduct, excepting onely such persons as he had particularly accused of high Treason.
A fortnight after comes a second Letter to Dorset, declaring, That the Kings former Answer was voted a Breach of Privilege.
This second Answer differing but little from the former, in∣sisting, That the Address should not be made by any whom he had ac∣cused of high Treason, amongst whom the Earl of Essex was one, but that his Ear should be ever open to hear any Petition from his Parlia∣ment.
Indeed the Petition was framed more fit to be delivered after a Battel, and full Conquest of the King, than in the Head of his Ar∣my, thirty, thousand men, when it might seem somewhat in his power, whether he would be deposed or no. For we finde the King in Wales caressing the Inhabitants of Denbigh and Flintshire. Septemb. 27. And tells them:
That he is willing to take all occasions to visit all his good Sub∣jects,* and hath cause to reckon them, for their loyaltie expressed in their late Levies sent to him at their own charges, against such a Ma∣lignant partie whose Designs are to destroy him, his Crown, Laws, and Government, of Church and State, raising Tumults at London, to drive from thence him and the greatest part of the Members of Parlia∣ment. He is robbed of his Towns, Forts, Castles, Goods, Navie, Re∣venue, and at this time a powerfull Armie marching against him: and among a thousand Scandals they have cast upon him the impious Rebel∣lion in Ireland, which he abhors, and hath endeavoured by all possible ways and means to suppress, but is obstructed by them. And refers the naming of these Contrivers, and their particular actions, to his De∣claration of the twelfth of August, being supprest by them, as all other his Protestations and Remonstrances, he being deprived of his Printing Presses at London and the Universities. And so reades to them his former Protestations and Orders, Copies of them to the Sheriffs to publish, being in Manuscript.
Page 580 The next day being come to Shrewsbury, he tells them as much, and sends for a Mint to melt his Plate, and offers his Land to sale or mortgage, thereby to lessen the charge of the County, to provide for his Army.
The Parliament having information that the King intends to march from Wales to London,* expecting a party here to joyn with him, as he was invited, what a noise and disquiet it wrought a∣mongst the Citizens, and all the Counties thereabout? All the Trained Bands of the Associate Counties of Essex, Hartford, Mid∣dlesex, and London, are to rendezvouz, and all to be ready at an hours warning. And all passages into any parts of the Sub∣urbs, Islington, Mile-end, and Westminster, be set up with Posts and Chains, and Courts of Guard, to stop the passage of Horse, if any come in their way.
And with this Declaration the Parliament imprint a Discovery of a Plot by one David Alexander,* a pitifull poor Scot, (perswaded thereto by a Confident of the Kings, one Sir Iohn Hinderson, a Pa∣pist) to kill Sir Iohn Hotham, which he refused to do, as being the work of a Butcher, and not of a Souldier. That the King should send for him twice at Beverley, and appointed a sum of money to be given him. That afterwards Henderson should propose to Alexan∣der, to fire the Magazine of the Parliaments Army, and therefore to get imployment in the Train of Artillery, but was discovered and examined.
The story is thus, Alexander had a minde fit for desperate base Attempts, but finding no preferment with the King, he comes to London, and joyns with one Sir Balthazar Gerbier of the same even condition, and out of repute both with the King and Parliament, for his doubling with either; these Copesmates discoursing toge∣ther, Gerbier forthwith discovers to the Parliament this Tale of Alexander, who being cheated into a hope of getting preferment by this story, believed it himself; and the truth by examinations appearing, he was a while imprisoned, and so let loose to practise with his Companion Gerbier, Knave and Fool together.
Every day increasing the suspition and fear of the Kings march∣ing from Wales to London, the Parliament vote, That such as will not contribute shall be secured and disarmed. And so the Mayor of London is set on work to search and seize the Arms of several Citi∣zens, Iefferson, Austin, Bedle, Batty, Long, and Lewis, all Broad∣street Ward; Blu••, Wright, Drake, and Walter, of other Wards; and for their sufferings deserve to be remembered.
That the Fines, Rents, and Profits of Arch-bishops, Bishops, Deans and Chapters, and other Delinquents, shall be sequestred for the service of the Common-wealth.
That all the Kings Revenue arising out of Rents, Fines in Courts, or Page 581 Composition for Wards be sequestred for the State. And a Committee of Sequestration appointed.
Sir Iohn Byron with five hundred Horse having entered the Town of Worcester,* and at that time not the least part of the Kings Army marching in a Body, but flasht through the County; the Voluntiers of the County under the Lord Say, raised themselves, and by some of their own were lead towards Worcester, expecting to meet Mr. Nathaniel Fines, whom his Father had created a Colo∣nel of Horse; he had faced the Town, and drawn off again, ere the Foot came there, and so they followed him, who with Colonel Sandys returning, fell upon the Town on the Welch side of Severn, supposing their General the Earl of Essex at hand to assult the other side, being deluded by a Spie, who mistook him for Prince Rupert, whose Horse rushed upon his Ambuscado, when through the •traitness of the passage over a Bridg, and after in a Lane, neither the Rear could come up, nor the Van retreat, where all were slain or routed, Sandys and some others taken Prisoners, the rest ran away far beyond the reach of a pursuit. The consequences of this a good omen to the royal party, being the first fruits of the War; but the Parliaments Army with Essex marching thither, the other Forces quit the Town, not being considerable to erect any Garri∣son, yet by their motion and quick dispatch gathered strength, and at last repute, of a party not easily to be vanquished, whilest the Earl of Essex and his whole Army entered Worcester, who continu∣ing a Moneth, sending forth parties, the Lord Stamford to Here∣ford, to prevent the Forces of South-Wales; and the King at Shrewsbury with such an Army as was able to deal with; and endan∣ger his Enemy.
Both Armies begin to take up Winter-quarters, Colonel Thomas Essex into Glocester with two Regiments of Foot as Governour,* but the Deputy Lieutenants had command of the Countrey, and after four Weeks he was commanded to Bristol, a Town of great concern∣ment by Sea and Land, and much distracted between both parties. The best and basest in degree were for the King, the middle men Ci∣tizens for the other; and amongst them all, those of the Religion in∣termixing distinguished (call them what you please) into two Fa∣ctions: Prelate for the King, Presbyter for the Parliament, but afterwards as either party could nick-name, into Heresie and Schism; but the general distinction of the Armies, that of the Kings called Cavaliers; and the Parliaments party Round-heads; these flock together, shut up the Gates, but guarded that Fort, and planted Ordnance, where they expected the Forces from Glocester, but Colonel Essex in his way had timely intelligence, to march to another Gate, which was set open to him in the night, who entered with his two Regiments, with others of the County, and so sur∣prized the Mutiniers, and quashed their Disturbance without bloud.
Page 582Glocester was now protected by the Earl of Stamford with his Re∣giment of Foot, and two Troops of Horse from Hereford, but soon commanded into the West, he left his Government to his Lieute∣nant Colonel Massey,* as his Deputy, but afterwards had the sole power for two years and a half.
The Earl of Essex about Worcester, sends from thence two Regi∣ments and ten Troops, and five small Pieces towards Kiddermaster and Bewdly, and to joyn with the Lord Wharton and Sir Henry Cholmley's Regiments to make a Brigade against the Cavaliers, if they march that way, who were designed for Wolverhampton and Coventry, and so on towards London, as was supposed: and at Co∣ventry and Warwick lay their Enemies, Sir William Constable, the Lord Peterborough and Colonel Brown with Forces, and the third Brigade was in Worcester under Government now of Colonel Essex.
The Town of Yarmouth seised a Ship with an hundred and fourty Cavaliers, and three hundred Barrels of Powder that came from Hol∣land for to do service for the King.
The City of York is over-powred by the Cavaliers, the Earl of Cumberland, Sir Francis Wortley, Sir Marmad•• Langdale, Sir Iohn Kay, Mr. Francis Nevil, Sir Thomas Glenham, he is resolved to fight with Mr. Hotham, who was in ill case to continue, but must be forced to retreat to Hull.
The Forces of the West in Cornwall for the King began to form into a Body near Pendennis Castle, the Governour thereof Sir Ni∣cholas Slaning a gallant Gentleman, and assisted 〈…〉 others, Sir Bevil Greenvile, who possessed themselve•••aunston, the County Town of Cornwall; but not long after Sir Ralph Hopton appears in chief command over the Cavaliers. The Parliament had Plymouth, the neighbour Port Town of Devonshire, bordering Corn∣wall in the South, and Sir George Chudly a Stickler for them for a time onely.
The Kings party increased in Mid-Wales, and descending South∣wards, as he marches the Welch come to him from all parts of Here∣ford, Monmouth, mightily increasing by the power and industry of the Earl of Worcester, their Brigades reaching to Oxford, and round about, where Prince Rupert commanded, who took Powder and Match marching through Staffordshire to reprieve Manchester.
The Parliament party lay about Warwick, Coventrie, Worcester, Buckingham, and their Brigades round about even to Glocester.
Some Arms for the King are landed at Newcastle, and ten thou∣sand pounds in Money, to raise Dragoons in Northumberland, and to fall into Yorkshire, which appeared for the King.
The King on his march from Wales descended Southward; and now being near Stafford, the Parliament order, That the Citie of London be strongly guarded, and Posts, Bars, and Chains be erected and set up in places and by-lanes of the Parishes of St. Margarets Page 583 Westminster, St. Martins in the Fields, St. Clements, Savoy, Hol∣born, St. Giles, Covent-garden, St. Johns Street, •lerkenwell, Criplegate, Shoreditch, White-chapel, Islington, Mile-end, South∣wark, Lambeth, or any other places necessary, at the charge of the Pa∣rish by equal Assesment. Octob. 22.
And the Parliament declare a solemn Protestation to all the world, In the presence of Almightie God, for the satisfaction of their Consci∣ences, and the Discharge of that great Trust which lies upon them, That no private passion or respect, no evil intention to his Majesties person, no Design to the prejudice of his just Honour and Authoritie, engaged them to raise Forces and take up Arms against the Authours of this War, whereof the Kingdom is now inflamed.
And after they have, by clearing themselves, lodged the occasion upon the Contrivers, Papists about the King, for extirpation of the Protestant Religion, wherein principally this Kingdom and Scotland are concerned, as making the greatest Body of Reformation in Christendom, they conclude;
For all which Reasons they are resolved to enter into a solemn Oath and Covenant with God, to give up themselves, lives and fortunes into his hands, and defend this his cause with the hazzard of our lives a∣gainst the Kings Armie, according to a form agreed upon and to be sub∣scribed, and to associate and unite with all the well-affected of the Citie of London, and other parts of his Majesties Dominions.
〈…〉 expect their dear Brethren of Scotland, that they will help and 〈◊〉 defence of this Cause, which, if the Popish partie pre∣vail, must needs involve Scotland in the like alteration of Religion, and engage them also in a War against this Kingdom to defend their own Religion. And this they do again (they say) protest before the everli∣ving God to be the chief end of all their counsels and resolutions, with∣out any intention to injure his Majestie either in his person or just power.
And the Battail of Edg-hill the next morning being Sunday.*
After the Kings party had beat the Enemy at Worcester Fight the three and twentieth of September, he joyns all his Brigades near hand, and marches to meet General Essex, hovering thereabout to watch the Kings Designs, who lodged on Saturday night October 22. at Sir William Chancies six miles near Keinton, and Essex at Keinton. And early the next morning being Sunday the three and twentieth drew up into a Body near Keinton, and ascending the top of Edg-hill, with his Prospective Glass took view of Essex his Army in the Vale of the Red Horse, about a Mile distant: but before the King could draw into order, he was saluted with three Pieces of Can∣non from the other side, with three Shouts of their Souldiers. And being asked by his Officers, what his Majesty meant to do, To give Page 584 him Battel, (said the King) it is the first time I ever saw the Rebells in a Bodie: God, and good mens prayers to him, assist the justice of my cause. And instantly ordered the Fight, by the return of two Shot of Cannon in answer to theirs, about two of the clock after noon; the Word was [God and King Charls] his greatest Body of Horse was on the right Wing, and on the left some Horse and Dra∣goons.
The Parliaments Army was put into this order: the Foot a good space behinde the Horse, when the Charge began; three Regi∣ments of Horse on the right Wing; the Generals Regiment com∣manded by Sir Philip Stapleton, Sir William Balfore's Regiment, who was Lieutenant General of the Horse, and the Lord Fielding's Regiment, which stood behinde the other two as a Reserve; Sir Iohn Meldrum had the Van with his Brigade, Colonel Essex the middle, the General's Regiment, the Lord Brook, and Colonel Hollis had the Rear; in the left Wing were twenty Troops commanded by Sir Iames Ramsey Commissary General. And thus they stood.
The Earl of Lindsey Lord High Chamberlain of England was the Kings Captain General, but the Fight was ordered by the Lord Ru∣then, since made Earl of Forth, a Scotish man: and the General lead on the main Body with a Pike in his hand: it is said, that General Essex lead on his Forces also, but then it is confessed, that he was advised to retire from Danger, and so he escaped, when the other was killed.
The Forlorn Hope was commanded by Major Ba•stake and Ca∣ptain Hamond, both of them Officers in Sir Lewis Dive• Regiment of Foot, and drawn down the Hill to the side of a Ditch lined with Musquetiers, and both sides had no sooner fired, but that the Kings Cannon followed, and discharged six or seven Shot: Prince Rupert General of the Horse commanding the right Wing routed their left Wing, and followed them in chafe to Keinton Town, and two Miles beyond, killing all whom they overtook: the Lord Ru∣then ordered the left Wing of the Kings Horse with the Lord Wil∣mot, both of them doing gallant service: 'tis true, Prince Rupert presumed that he had left a sufficient Reserve of Horse behinde, under command of the Earl of Carnarvan with some other Troops, who seeing the Enemies Horse and Foot to run, his spirit not accustomed to stand still, followed too far, and left their own Foot naked of Horse, which Essex espying, took the advantage, and with his Horse fell upon the Foot, including these Regiments, the Lord Generals, Colonel Fieldings, and Colonel Bowels, a Regi∣ment raised by the Lord Paget, and did much execution upon them; this service being done by Colonel Hurry, afterwards Major Gene∣ral for the Parliament.
The Lord General Lindsey being too forward in the Fight, and incompassed by the Enemy, his noble Son the Lord WilloughbyPage 585 hastned to his rescue, not staying for greater assistance than such by chance about him, and were both over-powred, and taken Prisoners, the Father •ore wounded, and evil intreated, died the next day: Sir Edmund Varney Knight Marshal and Standard-bearer was killed, and the Standard ingaged, till a gallant Gentleman Mr. Iohn Smith instantly shot him dead, and rescued it, for which service he was pre∣sently dubbed Knight and Bannoret, the first of that Honour, and bore the Standard after, and relieved Colonel Fielding with some others of quality, repulsing their Enemies Horse, and followed the pursuit. The Foot on both sides continued hot fiering, untill the Day was spent, and Night (five a clock) parted the Fight, which no doubt was fairest on the Kings side, had he enjoyed the Light somewhat longer, to have increased his advantage towards a Vi∣ctory.
It must be acknowledged that the General Essex his Regi∣ment of Foot, Colonel Hollis, and Colonel Hambdem's stood the brunt of the Battel: most of their Men being London Prentices, fresh and good Firers, did bold service.
Among the Plunder, General Essex his Waggon, Saddles, Cloke-bags, and Cabinet were taken, and therein some Letters and Papers of Intelligence, sufficient to discover one Blake a secret Traitor in the Kings Court, for which he was forthwith hanged in the high way (a sign to all Traitors) betwixt Oxford and Abingdon: this Fellow had been a Merchant, and for some service at Sallie in Barbarie, releasing English Slaves, purchased repute at home, which shadowed him from any suspition to be an Intelligencer at the Kings Court to divers his Corresponds, City Friends, for which he so suffered.
After the King had given the first Word, espying one to steal to the Enemy, he altered it to [God and King Charls.]
The Kings Troop consisted of an hundred and twenty Noble∣men and Gentlemen, able to expend an hundred and fifty thousand pounds a year of their own, and these charged first with much cou∣rage, and so performed it that Day, commanded by the Lord Ber∣nard youngest Brother to the Duke of Richmond, and afterwards created Earl of Lichfield.
Sir Arthur Aston commanded the Dragoons, and gave notice to him, the Lord Bernard, how he should order his Charge, which was to second him, and to follow the Dragoons, who beat off those that lined the Hedges, having that Intelligence of Sir Faithfull For∣tescue's Cornet, who was come from Essex's Army, with assurance, that his Captain would follow with his Troop, as he did at the first of the Fight.
The Kings Army was about twelve thousand, the Parliaments sixteen thousand men, exceeding well armed, and furnished with excellent Ammunition, compleat.
Page 586The loss by view of the dead, might be, between five or six thousand between them. The King certainly lost the lesse in num∣ber but the most of value, men of great merit, but not the most in place and Office of Command.
But now the question will be who had the better? If you will not admit it a drawn Battel, consider these particulars following.
The Kings design was to March on his way,* and Essex resolu∣tion was to attach him, which he did not, but rather Skirted his Marchings, and gave the occasion that the King encountred him; though being met he began the Challenge.
After the Battel the King kept the field in his Coach all that Night with great fires, and the next day in the F•eld Proclaimed se∣veral Pardons to such of the Enemy that would submit. And then Marches to Aino the seven and twentieth of October, where he dated his Proclamation of Grace and Favour to the Cities of London and Westminster.
The King without Interruption of his Enemy buries the dead, Marches to Banbury, Took the Town and Castle, and they take Arms under him, so then, he was Master of the Field, com∣manding his own way, and doing his own work which he came about, and Marches to Oxford. His Enemy General Essex wheeles towards Warwick, does no more, and retreats to London, where h•s Army Lodges for Recruits.
The next day after the fight the King sends Sir William Neve Garter Herald to Essex,* to exchange the Lord Willoughby (Earl of Lindsey) for the Lord St. Iohn Hue Bullenbroke of Bletso, but ere i• could be dispatched St. Iohns dies, by which he paies the first of his debts to his Creditors, and the last debt to sin and death, with the undoing of many of his Country, worthy Gentlemen men, bound for him in great sums of Money: Colonel Essex, Lieutenant Colonel Ramsey both slaine.
But to go on with the story. The King Prince and Duke that Night retreated to the side of the Hill, resting in their Coach all Night, keeping divers fires, but could discern but one fire from their Enemy, so that it was supposed their General was Marched away, untill the Morning discovered them to be drawn out, and Colonel Brooks Regiment of Foot and others coming to joyn with them, The King draws up also upon the Hill, and about noon Essex Marches away. The King at Edge-hill Proclaims his pardon to the Rebells now in Arms against him so be they will come in to him and seek it, the four and twentieth of October.
And in Aino the seven and twentieth of October,* He sends his gracious Proclamation of Pardon to his Cities of London and Westminster, excepting therein Alderman Fulk and Manwaring;
On Tuesday Morning at nine a clock the King forth with his forces faced the Town of Banbury & being ready to fall on,* Captain MarrowPage 587 who Commanded the Castle treated a while, and by twelve a clock delivered up the Town and Castle, though there were therein two Regiments of Foot blew coats, belonging to the Lord Rochford and Peterborough, and Captain Saiers Troop of Horse.
The Prince with three peeces of Cannon,* and some Foot and Horse Marched against Broughton House, belonging to the Lord Say, and at the first shot of Ordinance through and through, it was delivered up. From thence to Southampton. The Earl of Essex re∣treated this while to Warwick and so the other way Marched to London.
But the Kings Forces returned to Oxford,* so through Abington and to Henley, where they refreshed two or three daies, then to M•idenhead, Windsor and Stains, Saturday being a misty morning the Kings Forces made their Rendevouz on Hownslow Heath; the Par∣liaments Forces being that morning drawn out of Kingston, giving Liberty to the King to Command both sides of the River Thames, who about eleven of the clock forced the Enemy out of Brainford, but ere we go on, let us return to some Civil affairs which were Acted by both parties after Edge-hill fight, however controverted amongst parties Interested.
The King Publishes his Delaration to all his Loving Subjects after his late Victory against the Rebels on Sunday the three and twentieth of October,* 1642.
Ascribing the preservation of him •nd his Children in the late bloody Battel with the Rebels to the Mercy and goodness of Almighty God. Accusing that Malignant party to poison the hearts and corrupt the Alle∣geance of his Subjects by a false Imputation of his favouring Papists imploying them in his Army: when (he saith) that numbers of Popish Commanders and others serve in the Army of the Earl of Essex, being privately promised that if they would assist against the King, all the Laws made in their prejudice should be repealed. Another Scan∣dal he mentioneth to be very senseless, that the King should raise an Army against the Parliament to take away their priviledges, when in truth it is raised to have some particular Members of this Parliament, to be de∣livered up to Iustice. He being as tender of their priviledges, and con∣form thereto, which his Army never intends to violate. That the Parli∣aments Army is raised to Murther and depose the King, to alter the frame of Government, and the established Laws of the Land. That the greatest part of the Parliaments Members are driven away from their Houses by violence. That the Book of Common Prayer is rejected, and no countenance given, but to Anabaptists Brownists and such Schismaticks. That the contrivers hereof endeavour to raise an Implacable malice between the Gentry and the Commonalty of the Kingdome.
A common charge upon the King it had been,* and so continued to the end of his publique Actings, That he favoured Papists and entertained them in his Army; and so they were, and might be Page 588 in both, subtilly and cunningly by practice on both sides, convey∣ed thither under the masque and profession of Protestants, which is a truth of no great wonder; and yet in general, those of Lan∣cashire (Recusants) petition the King, That being disarmed, and so not able either to defend his Royal Person according to their du∣ties, nor to secure themselves and families, they may be received into his gracious protection from violence, being menaced by all kindes of people, to whose malice they are subject and must submit. And indeed great and heavy pressures were put upon them by both Armies, notwithstanding Orders and Declarations to the contrary had been published by either Army.
And hereupon the King had given Warrant to Sir William Gerard Baronet, Sir Cicil Trafford Knight, Thomas Clifton, Charls Townby, Christopher Anderton, and Io. Clumsfield, &c. Recusants in the County of Lancaster, That although by Statutes all Recusants convict are to be disarmed to prevent danger in time of peace; but now Armies being raised against the King, and his Subjects are by them plundered and robbed, and their Arms taken and used offensive against his Person; His will and command therefore is, and they are charged upon their Alle∣geance, and as they tender the safetie of his Person and the peace of the Kingdom, with all possible speed to provide Arms for themselves, ser∣vants and Tenants, (during the time of open War raised against him, and no longer) to keep and use for his defence.
Yet the Parliament prepare Heads of an humble Address unto his Majesty,* for composing difference and •••ling a Peace: but with∣all, to prevent mis-constructions, whereby their just defence may be hindered, they do declare, That their preparations of Forces for their defence shall be prosecuted with all violence. And accordingly Letters are directed from the Lords.
To the Right Honourable the Lord Viscount Faulkland principal Secre∣tarie to his Majestie, or in his absence for Mr. Secretarie Nicholas, or any of the Lords or Peers attending the King.
Grey of Wark.
I am commanded by the Lords the Peers and Commons assembled in Parliament to address by you their humble desires to his Majestie, that he would •e pleased to grant his safe Conduct to the Commi•tee of Lords and Commons, to pass and repass to his Majestie, that are directed to attend him, with an humble Petition from his Parliament. This being all I have in Commission, I rest,
Your assured Friend and Servant, Grey of Wark, Speaker of the House of Peers pro tempore.
Westminster,Nov. 3. 1642.
Which is granted, so as the said Committee consist not of persons either by name declared Traitors, or otherwise in some of his Declarations or Proclamations excepted against by name as Traitors, and so as they come not with more than thirty persons, and give notice before hand, up∣on signification they shall have safe conduct.
Your Lordships most humble Servant, Edward Nicholas.
Hereupon these Names are sent, Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomerie, and four Members of the Commons, Mr. Perpoint, the Lord Wainman, Sir Iohn Evelin of Wilts, and Sir Io. Hippislie, being the Committee of both Houses, and desire his Majesties Pass and Repass under his Royal Hand and Signet, Nov. 5.
The safe Conduct is inclosed for all but Sir Io Evelin, who is ex∣cepted, being proclamed Traitor at Oxford, and that if the Houses will send any other person not so excepted in his place, His Majesty commands all his Officers to suffer him to pass, as if his Name had been particularly comprised herein. Reading, Nov. 6.
To recruit the Parliaments Army, it is declared, That all Appren∣tices that will list themselves in their service for the publick cause, shall be secured from indemnitie of their Masters during their service, and their time included to go on towards their Freedom, and all their re∣spective Masters are to receive them again when they shall return.
This Liberty made Holy-day with the Prentices, and they were listed thick and threefold, and now spoiled for being Trades-men ever after.
But it is time to consider what out dear Brethren of Scotland in∣tended to do in this Distraction;* and therefore they are put in minde by a fresh Declaration of the Parliament;
How and with what wisdom and publick affection our Brethren of Scotland did concur with the desires of this Kingdom, in establishing a peace between both Nations, and how lovingly they have since invited the Parliament into a nearer degree of union, concerning Religion and Church-government: wherefore as the Parliament did for them a year since in their Troubles, so now the same obligation lies upon our Brethren, by force of their Kingdom to assist us. Telling them, that Commissions are given by the King to divers Papists to compose an Armie in the North, which is to joyn with foreign Forces to be transported hither, for the destruction of this Parliament, and of Religion, and Liberties of the people. That the Prelatical partie have raised another Armie, which his Majestie doth conduct against the Parliament and Citie of Lon∣don.
Page 590And hereupon this Parliament desire their Brethren of Scotland to raise Forces for securing their own Borders, and to assist here against the Popish and Foreign Forces, according to that Act agreed upon in the Parliaments of both Kingdoms, for the comfort and re∣lief, not onely of our selves, but of all the Reformed Churches be∣yond Seas, Nov. 7. 1642.
The King as quick sends his Message to the Lords of his Privy Council in Scotland,* stating the condition between him and the Parl. and hath seen their Declaration sent to his Subjects in Scotland, un∣justly taxing the King and his Government, and in a manner chal∣lenging assistance from Scotland, to make War against the King, making their clame by a late Act of Pacification, to which he did chearfully consent. And tells them of the other Scandal upon him and his Army, of being Papists, and sends to them his former De∣clarations in answer to the Parliaments wonted Scandal in that par∣ticular: protesting against any intent of his, to bring in Foreign Forces; and doubts not of a dutifull concurrence in all his Subjects of Scotland. And requires this his Declaration to be published to all his people there.
General Essex having lain quiet since the late Battel of Edg-hill, and his Souldiers squandered from their Quarters, to incourage them, it is declared, That if they return to their Quarters within an hour after this publication, each Foot-souldier shall receive (as the rest) half a Crown addition, and each Trooper five shillings increase to their pay; Which sent them packing to their Quarters.
And because their General may not be discouraged by the last Battel doubtfully disputed,*the Parliament is pleased to set out a Declaration concerning the late valourous and acceptable Service of his Excellencie Robert Earl of Essex, to remain upon Record in both Houses for a mark of Honour to his person, name, and familie, and for a Monu∣ment of his singular virtue to posteritie.
The Parliament having assured confidence in his wisdom for the de∣fence of Religion, King, Parliament, and Kingdom; and he managing this Service with so much valour in a bloudie Battel near Keinton in Warwickshire, which doth deserve their best acknowledgment, and they shall be readie to express the due sense of his merit, and this to remain up∣on Record to him and his posteritie. Nov. 11. 1642.
But let us see what becomes of the Parliaments Address to the King.* The safe conduct was sent from Reading the sixth of Novemb. with such Exceptions as you have heard, just and reasonable; and yet the very next day November 7. the Parliament vote, Not to ac∣cept of this safe conduct, and resolve, That the Exception in the safe con∣duct is a Denial and Refusal of a Treatie. Of which they order a Com∣mittee to acquaint the City Common Hall, and thereby to quicken them to a Resolution of defending their Liberties and Religion, Page 591 and thereafter to frame a Declaration to all the World of the Kings refusal of the Parliaments petition, and yet receives petition and ad∣dress from the Rebells of Ireland.
And of this Message the eighth of November is sent the Lord Brook and Sir Henry Vane junior to Guild-hall,* where his Lordship tells the Mayor and Aldermen, That the Kings Foot were near Stains, his Horse at Kingston, and that the Parliaments Foot are marching that way, who couragiously had the late Victory, and killed two thou∣sand, without the loss of an hundred, unless Women, Children, and Dogs be numbred, then indeed there might be with all them two hundred. But it was Gods work of mercy and wonder. Truly he is assured, that we (said he) are a dear people, exceedingly beloved of God. But his second Speech surpasses, take it at length, and printed, somewhat like the same again.
Gentlemen,* I have but one word more to trouble you with, This noble Gentleman Sir Henry Vane hath exprest so fully all that was in the Mes∣sage, that truly I should wrong him and my self too, if I should say any more; therefore I shall now speak to you of another thing, it is not fit any thing concerns you should be concealed from you: I came this day to this place, to this house about another business, I have already communicated to my Lord Mayor, and the Aldermen, and the Committee, I think it will not be unfit you should know it; I have the consent of some that under∣stand this business very well to this I now shall do; Gentlemen, the Mes∣sage was this, it was a Message from his Excellencie, it is to let you know how near the Danger is at hand, that so you may gird up the Loins of your Resolution, and do like men of courage; Gentlemen, Citizens of Lon∣don, (better than whom, no man did in that Armie we had abroad) the Enemies, the Foot as we understand are very near Stains, the Horse they are about Kingston, we cannot tell you that all are there, but that there are both Horse and Foot too, and it is certain our Foot are going to it, so that the question is now, What is to be done? Certainly, this is a certain truth among all Souldiers, that you must keep evil as far off you as you can, you must not let it come near your doors, you must not think to fight in the sights, and tears, and eyes, and d••••actions of your Wives and Children, but to go out, and meet it valiantly as you have done: God hath shewed himself a God of love and mercie, and truly we must give him all the ho∣nour of that day, certainly it is the greatest Victorie that ever was got∣ten: near two thousand (I love to speak with the least) on their side slain; and I am confident not an hundred on our side, unless you will take in Women and Children, Car-men and Dogs, (for they •lew the very Dogs and all) If you take in Women, Children, Carmen and Dogs, then they slew about two hundred: but that an hundred should be slain on one side, and two thousand on the other side, is a very miraculous thing; he that dealt so wonderfully heretofore, it were to distrust him, if we did not think he would do so again. Truly he hath a people among us exceedingly Page 592 beloved, and what is it we fight for? it is for our Religion, for God, for Libertie and all; and what is it they fight for? for their lust, their will, for tyrannie, to make us slaves, and to overthrow all: Gentlemen, me thinks I see a face, and spie you readie to do any thing; and the Generals Resolution is, to go out tomorrow, and to do as a man of courage and reso∣lution, and never man did like him, for he was not onely General, but Common Souldier, for he led up his own Regiment, and he led up his own Troop with his own person, and when the left Troops of Horse de∣ceived him, he brought up the right Troops; he himself will go out again and do again as much as he hath done, and all this is for your sakes, for he can be a free-man, he can be a Gentleman, he can be a great man, go where he will, therefore it is onely for your sakes; he is resolved to go out to morrow, his Forces are wearie, his Forces are spent, some came but last night into Town, some marched twenty miles March, which is a great March, (as some that know what it is can tell) but as wearie as they are, he is resolved to go out, but if you will affect the cause, and joyn with him hand, and heart, and sword, he will take it for a favour, but if you will not, he doubts not but Gideon's Sword will do the Work alone; I speak not it that I doubt you, but that you would resolve, that when you hear the Drums beat, (for it is resolved that the Drums shall beat to morrow, our Drums shall beat to lead out our men, and the Committees Drums shall beat to lead out their men) say not (I beseech you) I am not of the Train∣ed Band, nor this, nor that, but doubt not to go out to work, and fight cou∣ragiously, and this shall be the Day of your Deliverance.
However on Friday the eleventh of November the King at Cole∣brook receives a Petition from the Parliament by the two Earls and Gentlemen named in the Conduct,* and not Sir Io. Evelin.
To the Kings most Excellent Majestie.
The humble Petition, &c. of the Lords and Commons in Parlia∣ment, &c.
Being affected with a deep and piercing sense of the Miseries of this Kingdom, and the Danger of your Majesties person, the great effusion of Bloud with the late Battel, and weigh••g the addition of Loss and Mise∣rie, if both Armies should again joyn in another Fight, as without Gods blessing and his Majesties concurrence will not probably be avoided, to which they believe his Majestie hath a sutable impression of compassion to accept of this their Petition, and to appoint some convenient place not far from London, where your Majestie will be pleased to reside, untill Committees of Parliament may attend with some Propositions to your Majestie, for removal of these Distempers, as may conduce to Gods glorie, &c.
The King liked this Petition,* of an humble nature, unlike their late Papers presented to him, and the next day gives this gracious Answer.
Page 593 He takes God to witness, how deeply he is affected with the Miseries of this Kingdom, which he hath striven to prevent; and as he was not the first that took up Arms, so he hath been ready of composing all things in a fair way, to avoid the Destruction of his Subjects, which would always make his greatest Victories to him, &c. And to that end he will reside at his own Castle at Windsor, till Committees may have time to attend hi•, which he wishes to be hastened, either there, or (if it be refused) any other place, and God of his mercie give a blessing. Nov. 12.
But the same night after the Messengers were gone,* News came to the King, that General Essex had drawn his Forces with his Ord∣nance out of London towards him; and so he being almost sur∣rounded, some at Windsor, Kingston, and Acton, if Brainford were possest likewise, the King would be hemm'd in, and his Army de∣prived either of moving or subsisting: and so a Council of War concluded to advance towards Brainford, and either to possess it, or to repossess them, which he did, and many slain.
The King withall considered, that it could not reasonably be esteemed an Aversion from Peace, or an Intention to interrupt the Treaty then in expectation: since on the other side he had cause to believe, that if he would not preserve himself out of their power, the very possibility of a Treaty would vanish. And indeed, wil∣lingness to receive a Treaty was never held to amount to a suspensi∣on of Arms: otherwise, why did Essex incompass him on all parts, to Colebrook Towns end? And there being no word of Suspension of Arms in all the Kings Answer; nay since, in that (by wishing their Propositions to be hastened) he implied, that by this, Arms were not suspended. And most of all, since the Parliaments Votes of proceeding (as hath been said) vigorously, notwithstanding their Petition and their own actions, sending after their Messengers great store of Forces, evidently implied the same.
The King being resolved upon Reasons, that his Advance was just, yet he endeavoured to satisfie the Parliament (that Peace was still his desire) by a Messenger, but so ill received, as he and his Trumpeter were like to kiss the Gate-house.
The Message was thus, Novemb. 12.
Whereas the last night November 11.* after the departure of the Committee with his Majesties Answer to their Petition he received in∣formation, that the Earl of Essex had drawn his Forces out of Lon∣don towards him, which hath necessitated him to march with his Forces to Brainford: he thinks fit hereby to signifie, that he is no less desirous of the peace than he exprest in his foresaid Answer, and desires to receive the Propositions of Brainford this night, (being Sunday) or early to morrow morning.
Page 594 And another Argument for the King is, that so soon as the Earls Forces were removed from Kingston, before any Forces appeared out of London, the King gave order to quit Brainford, and to possess King∣ston. And the success to the King was answerable to his just inten∣tion, God being pleased to assist him by Land and Water, so as with a third part of his Foot, and with the loss but of ten Men, to beat two of their best Regiments out of Brainford, to kill him that com∣manded in chief, and his Ensign Ralph Wilbie a hopefull Gentleman at the very Bridg, and many others by land and water, took five hundred Prisoners, and as many Arms, eleven Colours, and store of Ammunition, fifteen Pieces of Ordnance, and then unfought with to march away to Oatlands, Reading, and so to Oxford.
And upon all this, the Parliament voted to have no Accomoda∣tion: although the King concluded, That God so bless his future Acti∣ons as he is excusable and innocent from any deceit herein.
The Parliament in their Answer to the Kings Message do confess,* That they gave direction to the Earl of Essex to draw the Armie out of London, and that part of it was inquartered at Branford, whilest the Committee was with the King. And they excuse it, (belike con∣fessess to themselves of just Exceptions) that they sent a Messenger with a Letter to know whether his Majestie intended forbearance of Ho∣stilitie; be found them in fight, and could not pass Brainford.
The King replies,* That his Message of the twelfth, though not received by the Parliament till the fourteenth, was sent to them upon the same Day, as it was dated, and, the way not clear, was again sent upon the thirteenth, and taken that morning by the Earl of Essex, and though not directed to him, was opened by him, so as the slowness of the deliverie is not so strange as the stop of the Letter sent by the Parliament to the King, which he never received; and the King could not suppose to take any of the Parliaments Forces unprovided, who in their March to Brainford, might as well have been intended to Colebrook upon the King.
And indeed take other Observations to boot. The Parliaments printing so out of time of such a Declaration, as was their Reply to the Kings Answer to theirs of the six and twentieth of May; but the day before they voted the sending of a Petition, and the March of the Earl of Essex to Brainford so near the King: and if peace had been intended by the Parliament, it would be conceived more proper to have sent to the King rather a Paper of just Propositions, than an unjust Accusation of his Councils, proceedings, and person. And his Majesty sent them word, that he intends to march to such a di∣stance from London, that may take away all pretence of apprehension from his Armie, that may hinder them from yet preparing Propositions of peace to present him, and thereby to receive them, or end these pressures and miseries.
Page 595I am the more curious in the controversion of this Accident, to relate the Narrative, and leave the Censure to the Readers impartia∣lity.
And now again the four and twentieth of November,* the Parlia∣ment with their old Mode petition the King to return to his Parlia∣ment with his Royal, not his Martial Attendance, and they shall be ready to give him Assurances of such security as may be for his ho∣nour and the safety of his person.
To which the King answers with so much reason, confuting their pretended loyal desires, by the effects of their violence against him, from the first of their Petitions of this kinde; remindes them of their pretensions, and of his candid and gracious offers and actions; wishes that his Declarations, Protestations, Messages, Answers, and Replies to the Parliament, were ingenuously published by them, to undeceive his people, abused into misbelief of him and his best acti∣ons; and so returns to Reading.
The effect of all this intended Address for Accommodation, ra∣ther increased a more desperate Division between the King and Parliament, by a far stretched exasperating Relation, styling it The barbarous and cruel passages of the Kings Armie at Brainford.
The Preamble belcheth out such unnatural, inhumane, and strange cruelties, which send forth a voice, and that voice so loud, that it awakes even secure mankinde, and stirs up their bowels to an inflamed and united indignation, like the divided pieces of that woman abused to death &c. There was no such deed done, nor seen from the day that the children of Israel came out of Egypt, &c.
It is a Lamentation, and to be taken up for a Lamentation, no such thing hath been done since England came out of the Egypt of Rome: Acts so far out of ken and view of Christianitie, that they are void of humanitie, yea short of the nature of wilde beasts, &c. And a great deal more of such stuff, that a man might be amazed to finde the Parliaments Order for the speedy imprinting it. Nov. 24.
Then follows the Relation so poorly penned, so short of expecta∣tion, so pitifully expressed, and yet so far differing from the truth, (being within the ken of last days remembrance) that in earnest, (I need not confirm it with Rhetorick) that these times took up a li∣berty to amaze the people with, even Impossibilities, which yet were believed.
Some reputation the Kings successes here took with his Friends beyond Seas,*that by a Letter written from the Hague to Secretary Nicholas, intercepted, and read in the House, it appears, what effect it wrought; Which successes of the King hath supported our credits here, (says the Letter) that the Prince of Orange hath advanced all those sums we are to expect from him, of which twenty thousand pounds are sent towards you, as much to New-castle, and as much at least we bring with us, be∣sides the great business we expect a final end of this day, which will ad∣vance Page 596 sixty thousand pounds more. We have sent over ten thousand Foot Arms, two thousand Horse Arms, twenty Pieces of Canon: we bring over Wagons▪ and all Accommodation to march so soon as we ar∣rive, with considerable Officers from hence; and by the advice we re∣ce••• from that side, there are eight thousand Foot already, six Troops of Horse, and the rest will not be long a raising after we come there. General King is designed for Lieutenant General, he hath been with the Queen, and will be suddenly there: From Denmark are likewise sent Arms for ten thousand Foot, and two thousand five hundred Horse, with a Train of Artillerie, and every thing proportionable to the very Drums and Hal∣berds. Two good Men of War come their Convoy, and in them an Am∣bassadour to his Majestie, a person of great qualitie from Denmark, Cokram comes along with him.
We have great apprehensions here, intimated by my Lord of Holland, of a Treatie entered into, &c.
Hague, Nov. 22. 1642.
And this supposed to be from Colonel Goring, or rather so set out by the Parliament; for at the publishing of this Letter they shew so much Danger as necessarily to require thirty thousand pounds to be lent by the City on Tuesday next, that the Ministers are required to stir up their Parishioners and the Church-wardens to as∣semble their Parish to morrow after Sermon, and on Munday next the Money is to be brought in at Guild-hall, which they shall raise of Contribution.
From Saturday to Tuesday, thirty thousand pounds Loan, and God knows how much Church-offerings, and all upon a ranting Letter, made up for that purpose.
'Tis true, that afterwards supplies of Arms and Money did arrive, but as yet no certainty but by intelligence from beyond Seas, which you see did their work in earnest for borrowing Money.
Since the first of December to the tenth,* the state of the military affairs in the North stand thus, the Earl of Newcastle for the King came to York, and joyned his Forces to the Earl of Cumberlands, making in all eight thousand Horse and Foot, of which there are above two thousand Horse Dragoons, a strength too potent to be resisted by the Lord Fairfax, who now had Commission for the command of the North for the Parliament, for upon Newcastle's coming over the Tees, Sir Edward Loftus with all the Richmondshire Forces, and Sir Henry Anderson with those of Cleveland, about a thousand, returned home to their houses: so that the whole strength of the North is but one and twenty Companies of Foot, and seven Troops of Horse, and one Company of Dragoons.
That Captain Hotham is made Lieutenant General under Fairfax, and the rest with Fairfax at Tadcaster, but both of them joyned up∣on the coming of the Earl of Newcastle to Tadcaster, where the seve∣ral Page 597 Forces encounter from eleven a clock till four in the evening in a sharp dispute; the Earl had won part of the Town, beaten Fairfax's men, and placed some Companies in several houses, which were forced back again to a Retreat, and an hundred slain, and seventeen Prisoners.
The Parliament party lost but six men, (they say) and Captain Lister shot into the head, and twenty more desperately wounded: but not being able to sit it out for a second Encounter, the Lord Fairfax quitted the Town and marched to Cawood and Selbie, to re∣ceive Supplies, dividing their Army into those places.
From Selbie Sir Thomas Fairfax is sent with five Companies, and two Troops to Leeds, but was forced back again.
That the Kings partie are Masters of the Field, with Garisons round about, plentifully supplied from the King; but the Parliaments partie in great want are likely to disband within ten days. And this is the Rela∣tion from the Lord Fairfax. Decemb. 10. 1642.
The Counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Cambridg, the Isle of Elie, Hertford, and City of Norwich, are authorized to associate; and their General the Earl of Essex gives Commission to the Lord Grey of Wark to command in cheif as Major General over those Counties, with Instructions to govern accordingly.
The most part of the Earl of Newcastle's Forces lie upon the County towards Halifax, and the clothing Towns, imposing Taxes upon the Inhabitants according to their qualities, from one thou∣sand pounds to one hundred pounds, proportionable, who found a Light-horse at an hundred pounds, every one who found Musket or P•ke at fourty shillings.
And about the fifteenth of December lands Colonel Goring for the King with more Arms, some Pieces of Ordnance, and some Money, and fourscore old Commanders, with the Queens Standard, and to joyn with the Earl of Newcastle.
And in this Moneth of December the Kings Forces prospered Westward, Marlborough and Tadcaster taken, with a great Defeat of their Enemy.
Winchester and Chichester won by the Parliament.
The noble Lord Aubignie Brother to the Duke of Richmond died and was buried at Oxford.
And now it was thought time for the City to speak for themselves,*they well know what an odium lodged upon their disloyalty, and therefore they petition the King, how they are deeply pierced with Gan∣grene-wounds of his Majesties fear to hazzard his person, in returning home to his Citie, they abhor all thoughts of Disloyaltie, making good their late Solemn Protestation• and sacred Oath, with the last drop of their dearest bloud to defend and maintain the true Reformed Protestant Reli∣gion, and your Majesties royal person, honour, and estate; and do hereby Page 598 engage themselves, their estates, and all they have, to defend your Ma∣jestie, with as much love, loyaltie and dutie as ever Citizens expressed to∣wards their Sovereign.
They are answered,* That his Majestie can distinguish some good Sub∣jects in the Citie from the bad, not all guiltie: but what confidence can the King have there, where the Laws of the Land are notoriously de∣spised, and the whole Government of the Citie submitted to the arbitrarie power of a few desperate persons of no reputation, and names them, Pennington their pretended Mayor, the principal Authour of these Calamities, which threaton ruine to that heretofore famous Citie, Ven, Foulk, and Manwaring, all of them notoriously guiltie of Schism and high Treason, in oppressing, robbing, and imprisoning his good Subjects, because they will not rebell against his Majestie, nor assist those that do: not that he condemns all for some that are guiltie: and yet he offers his gracious pardon to all, (except such as are excepted) if they shall yet return to their dutie: if not, he sums up the miserie that will necessarily fall upon every such person as shall continue acting and as∣sisting the Rebellion.
This Answer full and home to the Cities conscience, startled many into reluctancy, when it was therefore thought fit by the Parliament to visit their Common Council, and to caress them with a Commit∣tee of some Members, lest this Answer should work too much with reluctancy. And are told by Mr. Pym and others, That this Answer reflects with wounding Aspersions upon persons of very eminent Autho∣ritie, of very great fidelitie amongst them; that the Parliament owns them and their actions, and will live and die in their defence: and ever∣more concluding, that their protection is the Armie, and that it is hoped they will enlarge their Contributions for the maintenance of this Armie, wherein as they have been liberal in former necessities, so now they will exceed, for safetie of themselves.
At the end of every period which Mr. Pym made in his Speech, the applause was so great and so loud that he was silenced, not with∣out jugling, and so concludes, Worthy Citizens, (turning to the Rab∣ble) you see what the Parliament will do for your Lord Mayor and you; 〈◊〉 your affections to do for the Parliament and State.
To which they replied, We will live and die with them, live and die with them.
All which (says their printed Paper) we may sum up in that Triumph of that Man of God, In the thing wherein they dealt proudly God was above them.
Page 599 There were some humble Desires and Propositions presented to the King at Oxford, February 1. by four Lords and eight Members of the Commons, but with so wilde and ranting a Preamble, and the Desires so peremptory, no less than fourteen, viz.
To disband his Armie,* and to return home to his Parliament; Leave Delinquents to Trial; Papists to be disarmed; Bill for abolishing the Church-governours and Government, and to pass such other Bills as shall be devised for a new Reformation; Recusants to abjure Papacie; To remove malignant Counsellours; To settle the M•litia as the Parlia∣ment please; To prefer to the great Offices and Places of Iudicature such of the Parliament as they name, and to take in all such as have been put out of Commissions of the peace; A Bill to vindicate the Lord Kim∣bolton and the five Members; To enter Alliance with his Pro•estant Neighbours for Recoverie of the Palatinate; To grant a general pardon, with Exception of the Earl of Newcastle, the Lord Digby, and others; To restore such of the Parliaments Members to their Offices and Places, and to satisfie for their Losses, &c.
The King answers with amazement,* If he had not given up all the faculties of his soul, to an earnest endeavour of •eace and Reconcilia∣tion; or if he would suffer himself by any pro••••tion to be drawn to a sharpness of language at a time of Overtures of Accommodation, he could not otherwise but resent their heavie charges upon him in the pre∣amble, and not suffer Reproaches which they cast upon him: but his Ma∣jestie will forbear bitterness, or the heat of his own sufferings throughout, that if it be possible the memory thereof may be lost to the world. And how unparliamentarie it is by Arms to require new Laws▪ And he is pleased that a speedie time may be agreed upon for a Meeting, and to de∣bate those Propositions of theirs, and these of his▪ viz.
That his own Revenues, Magazines, Towns, Ships, and Forts be re∣stored; That what hath been done contrary to Law and the Kings right may be renounced and recalled; That all illegal power claimed or acted by Orders of Parliament be disclaimed; The King will readily consent to the execution of all Laws made or to be made concerning Popery and Reforma∣tion; so he desires a Bill for preserving the Book of Common Prayer, and against Sectaries; That all persons to be excepted against in the Treatie may be tried per pares; & with the cessation of Arms, and for a free Trade.
But nothing followed till the third of March.
In the North parts,* from Yorkshire this Account came to the Houses, that Sir Hugh Cholmley for the Parliament hath carried himself gal∣lantly, giving several Defeats to the Enemy at Malton, and on the sixteenth of Ianuary joyning his Forces to Sir Matthew•Bointon, they fell upon Colonel Slingsbie at Gisborough, who was defeated, and six hundred Horse and Foot that had done much spoil in the Page 600 North. Slingsbie taken Prisoner, and an hundred and fourty per∣sons besides, many killed, and two hundred Arms recovered.
About Bradford and Hallifax God hath blessed my Son Sir Thomas, (says the Lord Fairfax) having seized the Lord Savil's house at How∣ley, and his Design against Leeds was thus; he drew out from Bradford thither, where Sir William Savil commands in chief, after Summons the Assault began with great resolution on his Sons part, the Town being for∣tified on all sides, furnished with two Brass Sakers, and manned with fifteen hundred Souldiers, yet they forced an entrie in two Hours fight, with loss on both sides• not more than fourtie men; but Sir Thomas took four Colours, and five hundred Prisoners, (of which six are Command∣ers) many Arms, the Sakers and all their Munition. On the Parlia∣ments part were lost thirteen men, Captain Brigs and Lee sore wounded. The people observed (he says) that Sir William Savil and the chief Com∣manders on the other side soon after the Fight began, fled by secret ways towards Pomfrait, and their men after them by degrees, but by the way Serjeant Major Beaumont was drowned crossing the River, and Sir William narrowly escaped the like. Sir Thomas intended to have marched to Wakefield, where Sir George Wentworth commanded, but the Enemie in f••• was fled to Pomfrait▪ and so Wakefield is in∣vested for the Parli•••nt.
The five and twentieth of Ianuary the Kings Forces marched out of Doncaster, which was soon taken up by six Companies of Foot, till more Forces• shall come from the South to keep it.
The Earl of Newcastle hath drawn down all his Forces from the South of Yorkshire, excepting those that keep Pomfrait Castle, and yesterday marched from Sherborn to York, with six and thirty Co∣lours, two Pieces of Cannon, and three and fourty other Carriages, and supposed to meet the Arms and Munition coming from New∣castle, or to prepare for the Queens entertainment at York.
Selbie, Ian. 26. 1642.