A compleat history of the life and raigne of King Charles from his cradle to his grave collected and written by William Sanderson, Esq.
Sanderson, William, Sir, 1586?-1676.

Die Mercurii December 15. 1641.

In brief to set it down from these Heads.*

1. The Root and the growth of these mischievous Designs.

2. The maturity and ripeness to which they have attained before the be∣ginning of this Parliament.

3. The effectual means which hath been used for the extirpations of these dangers, evils, and progress that hath been made therein by the Kings goodness and the wisdome of Parliament.

4. The waies of obstruction and opposition, by which the Progress hath been interrupted.

5. The courses to be taken for removing those obstacles and for the ac∣complishing of their dutiful and faithful intentions, and endeavours of restoring, and establishing their ancient honour, greatness and security of this Crown and Nation. The Root of all this mischief they finde to be a Malignant and pernicious Design of subverting the fun∣damental Laws and Principles of Government upon which the Religi∣on and Iustice of the Kingdome are firmly established. The Actors and Promoters hereof have been.

1. The Iesuited Papists who hate the Laws as the Obstacles of that change and subversion of Religion which they so much long for.

2. The Bishops and the corrupt part of the Clergy who cherish formalities and superstitions, as the natural effects, and more probable supports of their own Ecclesiastical Tyranny and usurpation.

3. Such Councellors and Courtiers as for private ends have ingaged themselves to further the Interest of some foreign Princes or states to the prejudice of the King and State at home.

Page  467 And to make it more credible the Remonstrance moulds out some common Principles, by which they pretend ll the Malignant Councels and actions were governed, and these are branched in four particulars, in effect.

That the Malignant party maintained continual differences and dis∣contents betwixt the King and the people upon questions of Perogative and priviledge that so they might have (say they) the advantage of siding with him, and under the notions of Men addicted to his service gain to themselves and their parties the places of greatest trust and power in the Kingdome.

They suppressed the purity and power of Religion and such as we assert∣ed to it, as being contrary to their own ends, and the greatest impediment to that charge which they thought to introduce.

Then to conjoyn these parts of the Kingdome which were most propi∣tious to their own ends, and to divide those who went most opposite, which consisted in many particular observations; to cherish the Arminian part in those points wherein they agree with the Papists, to multiply and en∣large the differences between the Protestant and those which they call Pu∣ritans, to introduce and countenance such opinions and Ceremonies as are fittest for accommodation with Popery, to increase and maintain igno∣rance, looseness and prophaness in the people, that if these three parties, Papists, Arminians and Libertins, they might compose a body fit to act such Councels and resolutions as were most conduceable to their ends.

And politickly, they disaffected the King to the Parliament, by slan∣ders and false imputations and by putting him upon other waies of sup∣ply, which in shew and appearance were fuller of advantage than the ordinary course of subsidies, though in truth they brought more loss than gain, both to King and People, and have caused the distractions under which we suffer.

Then the Remonstrance comes to particular charges against this Malignant party.*

1. The dissolution of the Parliament at Oxford, two subsidies being given, and no grievance relieved.

2. The loss of the Rochel fleete by our shipping, delivered over to the French, to the loss of that Town and the Protestant Religion in France.

3. The diverting of his Majesties course of wars from the west Indies, the onely facile way to prevail against the Spainard, to an expenceful successless attempt upon Cales.

4. The precipitate breach with France, taking their goods and ships with∣out recompense to the English, whose goods were confiscate in that Kingdom.

5. The peace with Spain without consent of Parliament, the deserting the Palsgraves cause, mannaged by his Enemies.

Page  4686. The charging of this Kingdom with billeted Souldiers; with the Design of German Horse, to enslave this Nation to Arbitrary Contri∣butions.

7. The dissolving of the Parliament 2 Caroli, and the exacting of the proportion of five Subsidies after the Parliament was dissolved, by Commission of Loan, and such as refused imprisoned, some to Death; great Sums of Money required by Privy Seals, Excise; the Petition of Right blasted.

8. The Parliament dissolved 4 Caroli, imprisoning some Members, fining them and others; Sir Francis Barington died in Prison, whose bloud still cries for vengeance of those Ministers of State.

The publishing of false and scandalous Declarations against the Par∣liament. And afterwards Injustice, Oppression, and Violence broke in. The enlargements of Forests, contrary to Charta de Foresta; Coat and Conduct Money, &c.

And then the Remonstrance ravels into all the particular pretended Designs, corrupt Councils, and the effects of what ever happened, or usu∣ally doth happen in any Nation of Government, even to Clerks of the Market, and Commissions of Sewers, Brass Farthings, Projects, Mono∣polies, &c.

Then upon all the mis-actions of Courts of Iudicature, Council-Table, and all.

And principally against Bishops and their Proceeding, by all their subordinate Officers, their Writings, Preachings, Opinions, in conjun∣ction with Papists and Prote stants in Doctrine, Discipline, and Ceremo∣ny. And endeavouring to reduce Scotland thereto, and an Army was raised against them by Contribution of Clergy and Papists; the Scots enforced to raise an Army for their Defence, but concluded in Pacifica∣tion, and throughout excusing the Scots, palliating all their Insurrecti∣ons, as necessitated to defend themselves against malignant Councils and Counsellours, calling them Scots Rebells, and the English War Bel∣lum Episcopale.

Then to make a progress into Reformation, the Remonstrance tells us, what they have done by their care, wisdoms, and circumspecti∣on, removed some Malignants, suppressed Monopolies, and all the afore∣said Disorders in an instant, taking away High Commission and Star-Chamber Courts, &c. Procuring Bills of Triennial Parliament, and continuance of this; which two Laws (they say) are more advantage∣ous than all the other Statutes enforce. And in a word, what ere the King hath done amiss, they are not sparing to publish it: what gracious favours he hath afforded by several Bills, the Parliament ascribe to their own wisdoms, and promise to the King and whole Kingdom more honour and happiness than ever was enjoyed by any his Predecessours.

Page  469And this the Parliament instantly printed and published contra∣ry to the Kings desire, though his Answer was speedy to the Petiti∣on and Remonstrance, thus in effect.

That having received a long Petition consisting of many Desires of great moment,* together with a Declaration of a very unusual nature, be∣ing confident that their own reason and regard to him, as well as his ex∣press Intimation by his Controller to that purpose would have restrained them from publishing of it, untill his convenient time of answer; and tells them how sensible he is of this their disrespect.

To the Preamble of the Petition, he professes he understands not, [of a wicked and malignant party, admitted to his Council, and Imployment of Trust; of endeavouring to sow amongst the People false Scandals to blemish and disgrace the Parliament, &c.] All or any of which did he know of, he would be as ready to punish, as they are to complain.

To their Petition, the first part concerning Religion, and consisting of several Branches; as for that of Popish Designs▪ he hath and will concur with all the just Desires of his People in a Parliamentary way, [To the depriving of the Bishops of their Votes in Parliament] their Right is grounded upon the Fundamental Laws of the Kingdom, and Constitu∣tions of Parliament.

[For the abridging of the inordinate power of the Clergy] The taking away of the High Commission Court moderates that; and if there continue Usurpations in their Iurisdictions, he neither hath nor will protect them.

And as to the clause of [Corruptions in Religion, Church-go∣vernment and Discipline, &c.] That for any Innovations he will wil∣lingly concur for the removal, if any be, by a National Synod; but he is sorry to hear of such terms [Corruptions] since he is perswaded, that no Church can be found upon Earth professing the true Religion, with more purity of Doctrine, than the Church of England doth, which by the grace of God he will maintain, not onely against all Invasions of Po∣pery, but also from the Irreverence of those many Schismaticks and Se∣peratists wherewith of late this Kingdom and this City abounds.

To the second prayer of the Petition, concerning [the Removal and choice of Counsellours] that by these which he hath exposed to Trial, there is none so near to him in place and affection, whom he will not leave to the Law, and to their particular charge, and sufficient proof.

That [for their choice of his Counsellours and Ministers of State] that were to debar him the natural liberty which all Free-men have, being besides the undoubted Right of his Crown, to call to Page  470 his Council whom he pleaseth, being carefull to elect persons of ability and integrity.

To the third prayer concerning Ireland, [Not to alienate the For∣feited Lands thereof] he concurs with them, but then, whether it be now seasonable to resolve before the Event of War be seen, that he much doubts of; but thanks them for their chearfull Ingagement for their suppres∣sion of that Rebellion upon which so many hazzards do depend.

And for their Conclusion, and promise to apply themselves, [for support of his royal Estate, &c.] he doubts not thereof, from their Loyalties, to which he will add his assistance.