A compleat history of the life and raigne of King Charles from his cradle to his grave collected and written by William Sanderson, Esq.
Sanderson, William, Sir, 1586?-1676.

This is short and like a Souldier, but the story is told for him, and the Talley strook of all the slain and Prisoners. Major Bothel comes of the Message, and saies that on Munday nine a clock the Welch were disordered half a mile from Fagows, Horton draws to the same distance neer them, and sends out Colonel Butler with five hundred Horse to fall upon the Rear, but at a pass the Welch were worsted. Then the Bodies encounter, Laughorn commands the welch party, and were totally beaten, Laughorn Wounded is fled with Powel: Prisoners, Major General Stradling, Colonel Harris, Majors Wogan and Philips, Captain Batten and Mathews with eight and twenty more Captains, and one hundred and fifty Officers, three thousand Souldiers. And in this defeat but very few (He saies) slain of the Parliaments party.

The Messengers of this good news had great rewards, the of∣ficers and Souldiers, all the Lands formerly given to Laughorn, and one thousand pounds land per annum, out of such Delinquents as were this fight to be given a Largess to the Souldiers.

Page  1060And a Declaration set forth in publick.* That whoever shall en∣gage in a war, commotion or insurrection against the Parliament shall die without mercy. And all the poor Prisoners in this fight to be tried for their lives by Oyer and determiner, the Officers and chief by a Council of war.

This would not do:*Langhorn and Powel escape to the Welch Re∣volters, hold out their Castles Pembroke and Tenby, against which, the Lieutenant General Cromwel is come, and the sieges for some time continued, he begins to storm Tenby with twelve hundred Foot of Colonel Overtons Regiment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Read, Major Wade, and two Companies of Colonel Con∣stables Regiment, and after several storms to some purpose, the Town first and then the Castle surrendred upon mercy,* the last of May. Those within were two Colonels Rice Powel and Richard Dunnel, four Captains Vaughan, Arny, Brale and Addis; the Gentlemen were Heymes, Vaughan, Culpepper, Smith, Penry, Bruans, Iesset, Lyson, Thomas Stump, Brasier, Lourday, Standen, Reynolds and Sway with others.

Pembroke Town and Castle is hotly besieged by Cromwel him∣self:* His forces were of Prides, Dean, Hortons horse; Scroops and Okiers Dragoons, with two whole, and two Demy Culverins and two Drakes.

But this strait siege distresses them within, who are refused con∣ditions unless of mercy: No quarter on either side, and now Tenbies forces are come up, the storm is wholly intended, furious, which they endured with resolution and courage, it being a place of strength, of reasonable circuit, well manned, and commanded by persons of quality, the chiefest of the County. And no doubt in time, the Parliaments forces by Land and Sea, would master the Town, but then the defendants had the Castle to retire unto, their last refuge, all which considered, and the rumour of the Scots Army now advancing towards Eng∣land, and now marced as far as Annan the sixth of Iuly; The Lieutenant General Cromwel thought it convenient to offer the besieged reasonable conditions before they should get Intelli∣gence of the Scots invasion, which might have encouraged them to hold defiance.

And so the propositions take entertainment as it was intended, the thirteenth of Iuly,* the Town and Castle were surrendered.

That the chief actors Laughorn, Poyer, Mathews, Bowen and Boyer, submit to the mercy of Parliament. That the other Commanders Knights and Gentlemen, do depart the Kingdom within six weeks for two years, the rest to have liberty to return home, The sick and wounded to be carefully provided for, and the Townsmen to enjoy their Freedoms and Liberties as before. And instantly the Lieutenant Gene∣ral Cromwel marches towards the North, to joyn with Lambert a∣against Page  1061 the Scots: For the General was busie in besieging Colchester (as hereafter.)*

Those that submitted to mercy,* were to be tryed as Traitors, and were sure to suffer the Execution accordingly, wherefore the Prince aboard his Fleet in the Downs, writes a Letter to the General Fairfax in their behalf, acting under his Highness Commission, desiring that they may have terms and usage as Souldiers of War, otherwise he shall be enforced in order thereto, to proceed against such, as the fortune of War makes his prisoners. 14. August.

The General Answers with all due respect to his Highness; That it is not in his power to Act further, the Parliament having ordered their Trial, as to the sad engaging this Nation in a second bloody War, and therefore he cannot interpose their Iustice, but prayes for a peace.

Your Highness humble servant Tho. Fairfax.

15. Aug. 1658.