A compleat history of the life and raigne of King Charles from his cradle to his grave collected and written by William Sanderson, Esq.
Sanderson, William, Sir, 1586?-1676.

These Disputes are in Print, which shewes his Majesties temper, and knowledge, to treat so long with a peevish Presbyter.

Amongst many that hazarded themselves to approach the Kings presence,* was that aforesaid Master Hudson a Minister, and a faithful constant assistant to the Kings desires, the only person that ordered his disguise and iourney to the Scots Army, this man is ta∣ken and in custody of the Deputy Mayor of Newcastle, and by Or∣der of Parliament to be brought up to their Bar, and Ashburnham also.

But Ashburnham was gone ere the Messenger got thither, some say to Montrose, and General Leven makes answer for him, that the Scots conceive not, that Ashburnhams bringing the King into their Army, makes him an Incendiary, and that Hudson is forth coming, who soon after got away, but was taken at Sandwich going over beyond Seas.

This gives the Parliament a taste of the Scots intentions, which could not be well relished, therefore Engins are set on work, Pe∣titions and Complaints are received, examined, and proved against the Plundering, Cruelties, and Misdemeanours of the Scots Army in the Northern parts, and that instead of 8000. l. a moneth As∣sessement, they have charged 9000. l. a moneth.

The Citie of London also pour forth Petition upon Petition as they are directed,* with Congratulatory Exordiums and Prefaces for their invin∣cible resolutions, care and pains for the fafety, liberty and property of the People, bound up, in and under the blessed Parliament. That Iustice and Iudgement run down in a stream, and Mercy and Truth take place. And implore their further Protection, not to be enslaved under the power of any, upon what colourable pretence soever, nor to share with the Parliament, nor to prescribe unto them in the Govern∣ment or power of this Nation, to whose great trust it hath ever been to order their own matters by their own great Councel with∣out the confluence of any other. And to be encouraged hereto, they offer the Hand, Hearts, Lives, Estates of the whole City, and Millions more shall still be with them to stand by, and support them against whom∣soever shall with open face, or secret Conspiracies oppose them.

Page  906Here are the Scots laid aside, we can now do our own Work without the further help of our dear Brethren.

But the Scots Army set out their Declaration in excuse, and desire to stand upon the truth of their Justification, which wrought much upon their Faction. And the Parliament as forward to op∣pose them, by a Declaration in Answer to the other, and to vin∣dicate the people.

And now comes an Expressesone of the Parliaments Commissi∣oners in Ireland,* with Copies of several Letters, the one from the King to Ormond, dated from Oxon the third of April 1646. a∣fore mentioned, as also that which Ormond intimates to Monroe of the one and twentieth of May. Which Letters were the very same in print, and published by Ormond at Dublin, and brought over by Sir Robert King one of the Parliaments Commissioners in Ire∣land, and were as yet laid under Deck for advantage against the King hereafter.

In this time the King caresses the Parliament with Messages, as before for his personal Treaty at London. And because he would give earnest of his serious Intentions, he gives Warrant for sur∣rendering all his Garisons.

C. R.

Having resolved to comply with the designs of our Parliament,* in every thing that may be for the good of our Subjects, and leave no means unattempted for removing of differences between us, therefore we have thought, the more to evidence the reality of our intention of setling a happy peace, to require you upon honourable conditions to quit the Towns, Castles, and forts intrusted to you by us, and to disband all the forces un∣der your several Commands. Given at Newcastle, the tenth of June 1646.

To our trusty and well beloved Sir Thomas Glenham, Sir Thomas Tisley, Colonel Washington, Colonel Blague, Governours of our Ci∣ties and Towns of Oxford, Worcester, Litchfield and Wallingford, and to all other Commanders of any other Towns, Castles or Forts with∣in the Kingdom of England, or Dominion of Wales.

The Scots now in some Jealousie how mightily the King com∣plies with his Parliament,*and that they should not be able perhaps to effect their designs by force, they now endeavour therefore by fraud; and cunningly insinuate to the Parliament: That their Con∣science bears them witnesse, of their constant endeavours to preserve the Union of both Kingdoms; yet never more than since the Kings coming to their Army, by effecting such Messages from his Majesty, as might be a sure ground of peace to his people, and happinesse to himself: And although we have not as yet prevailed over his Principles deeply rooted into him, as to obtain the utmost of our desires, which we hope in short Page  907 time to effect. And we hope that accordingly the Parliament will be pleased to send their Propositions of peace to him, upon whose Answer we shall clearly know how to proceed in the intended Pacification, and to satisfie the Parliament in disbanding our Armies, delivering up the Garisons possessed by us, and retiring home, for the good of both King∣doms.

Newcastle June 10.

Signed by Leven and all the Scots Commissioners,

and directed to the Parliament.

And herewith is presented to the Parliament, the Copy of a paper delivered to the King, from the Committee of Estates of Scotland, concerning the Prince of Wales: That the Prince goe not beyond Sea but to reside within the Kingdom of England with Honour and safety, for preventing the danger to his Person, Religion and Inconveniencies besides, in this time of affairs.

Then was a Letter intercepted from the King, to the Prince,* read in the Parliament, thus.

Charles, This is rather to tell you where I am, and that I am well, than at this time to direct you in any thing, having writ fully to your Mother, what I would have you to do, whom I Command you to Obey in every thing except Religion; concerning which I am confident she will not trouble you; and see you goe no whither without her, or my particular direction: Let me hear often from you, so God blesse you.

Your Loving Father C. REX.