The shutting up infected houses as it is practised in England soberly debated By way of address from the poor souls that are visited, to their brethren that are free. With observations on the wayes whereby the present infection hath spread. As also a certain method of diet, attendance, lodging and physick, experimented in the recovery of many sick persons.

SECT. II. Observations touching the Recovery of those that have been since April last cured of the Plague.

1. THe Botch appearing on any side the vein, was cut on that side.

2. If the botch appeared behind the ears, or about the chin, or in other parts of the face or neck, they did let bloud in the Cephalica Vein on the same side.

3. If under the Arm-holes, they cut the innermost vein of the arm, on the same side commonly called the 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 vein, or the middle vein, if that did not appear.

4. If under the shin bloud was drawn the Ankles of the same side.

5. The aged and weak are not bled, but cupping-glasses are applied to their necks, shoulders, backs and legs.

6. If the contagion seizeth any man at meals, or when he is full of meat or drink, he immediately vomiteth; as soon as the bo∣dy or stomach is emptied, applying Eleciuarium de Ouo, which the Emperour Maximilian used, or some other Medicine to the outward parts that might draw the poyson of the disease to it, and call it back from the heart.

7. When the infected person hath applyed this or some other Page  16 Medicine of the like nature, he is laid in a warm bed, made with soft sheets, and well-covered with cloaths, to the intent he might there sweat three or four hours or longer, according to his strength, and when by this means they could hardly provoke him to sweat, they laid tyles heated at the fire to his feet, which might, by reason of their extraordinary heat provoke sweat. And in all this time that the infected man did sweat in, they took a special care that he neither slept, eat, nor drank. After his sweating, diligently rubbing, and wiping off the sweat, with very clean, and fine Linnen cloaths, afterwards permitting the poor man to rise out of bed, upon condition that he looked not by any means into the open air, the air of the place wherein the sick lieth being corrected and amended by odoriferous things, and sweet smelling perfumes daily four or five times.

8. The Infected person was removed from one chamber to another, because the air of one chamber, by the continual tarry∣ing of the sick in it, is much corrupted, and not easily amended or corrected, the chamber into which he went being very well perfumed before hand.

9. Two or three hours after the Patient hath sweat, they made him some Chicken broth, which they gave him in little proportions, but often, for an infected person must be nourished by little and little: to the broth they added the Chickens flesh, sodden with Sorrel, or with the juice of Lemmons, or else Verjuice.

10 The sick is kept altogether from sleeping the first day, by talk of the assistants, by rubbing their extreme parts, by pulling their eares, nose, and hair, or by dipping a sponge in very sharp vinegar, and holding it to the Nose.

11. The infected man that is thirsty, useth this potion,

℞. Julep of Violets ℥jjj. Syrup of the sharp juice of Citrons ℥j. ss. Syrup of sowen Endive ℥jj. of the Decoction of Sorrel, Scabious, & flowers of Bugloss ℥ ten, or so much of their distilled waters, commixing them, and making them a potion, or the like.

12. He takes the water wherein Barley had been sodden a little, and commixed with it the juice of Roses, of Sorrel, or Lemmons, or of unripe Grapes, and takes it instead of drink, and he had Medicine that comforted his heart when he was sick and very weak, and it was this;

Page  17℞. Conserves of Violets, Roses, and Bugloss. ana. ℥ Bole∣armoniack preparate ʒj. Red Coral ℈j. barks of Citron apple ʒ Camphire ℈5. with Syrup of the juice of sharp Citrons, as much as is sufficient to make an Electuary or liquid Antidote. Also he did lay upon the Region of the heart (having felt some heat about his breast) this Epitheme.

℞. Waters of Roses, Bugloss and Sorrel ana. ℥jjj. Powder of Electarium de Gemmis ʒj. Wood of Aloes, red Saunders, the barks of Citron apples beaten to powder, the bone of Harts heart, ana. ℈. Saffron gr. 6. all commixed, and to an Epi∣theme. He did not apply the Epithemes but when they were hot, and assoon as they were cool they took them off, for then they did shut up the pores, and brought him to no small grief.

13. He used cordial baggs, as this is;

℞. Flowers of red Roses, water Lillies, and of Violets, ana. ʒjj. of all the Saunders, Coral, white and red, Spodium, Pearls ana. ʒjjj. Cinamon, Cloves, the bone of Harts heart, Wood of Aloes, barks of the Citron apple, Saffron, ℈j. Seed of Sorrel ℈jj. Seed of Purslain, gr. iiij beat all these into fine pow∣der, and made two square baggs of silk, and applied each after the other being hot.

Moreover, he did endeavour to draw the venemous humour to the place where the botches appear'd and burst out, and he did it by setting to it Cupping-glasses, or by Medicines that had the vertue to draw those humours, which were these;

℞. Fat figs, in number six, great Raisins ℥jjj ss. salt Gum ʒjj. Honey ℥j. with Oyl of Camomil, made into the form of an Em∣plaister, and applyed hot to the hotch.

14. He used this following Plaister which is commended by all skilful men.

℞. a great Onion, and cut off the head of it, picking out the core from within, and fill it with Theriaca Andromachi, adding to it the juyce of Rue, or Sage, which done, stopped the top of the Onion with Lute, and set the Onion in the Embers to rost, and when it was well rosted, he pulled off the bark, and brayed it in a mostar, till it was thick, like an Emplaister, and applied it hot to the botch.

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Page  1815. This following Emplayster was very much used, for it helped to rot ℞. meat of Fenugreek and Tineseed of Flours of Cammomill, ana. ℥ss. Roots of Althea and white Lillies, ana. ʒss. 6. Figs, Leaves of Deptaine ʒjjj Veterian ʒjj Mustard seed ʒ Dovesdung, ℥.ss. Oyles of Cammomill and Lillies ℥ made into the form of an Implayster.

16. He kept the house where he did lye clean from all filthi∣ness and sluttishness, he kept the Windows shut, and when he had them open, he opened them towards the East or North, quar∣ter after Sun rise.