The history of the Turkish empire from the year 1623 to the year 1677 containing the reigns of the three last emperours, viz., Sultan Morat or Amurat IV, Sultan Ibrahim, and Sultan Mahomet IV, his son, the XIII emperour now reigning
Rycaut, Paul, Sir, 1628-1700.

ANNO 1657.

BUT the Chief Ministers at the Port, taking into their consideration the present State of Affairs; that the City of Constantinople was full of discontents; the Persian on one side, and Moscovite on the other, ready to invade divers parts of the Empire; that there were designs to depose the G. Signior, and set one of his Brothers on the Throne; besides a multitude of other dangers; the resolution of the Courts removal, and of the G. Signiors March into Dalmatia was suspended; his presence and authority being esteemed most requisite in such a Conjuncture of trou∣bles at the heart and center of his Empire. After which, the appearance of the G. Signior in publick was less frequent; for that he might hasten the departure of the Spahees and Janisaries for Candia, he deferred his Journy to Adrianople for some time; but they being averse to this War, refused to march, until first they had received all Arrears, which were due to them; the which audacious proposal so inconsed the G. Signior, that he caused the heads of two of the most forward Mutineers to be cut off in his presence.

This unseasonable rigour rather provoked the spirits of discontented men, than abated them; and the continual prizes which the Venetians made on the Turks, and stoppage of provisions, which did usually sup∣ply Constantinople from the Archipelago, raised the price of Bread, and of all Victuals in that populous City, so that the people murmured and ex∣claimed, as if they had been reduced to their last extremity. The G. Vi∣zier considering that the loss of Tenedos was the cause of all these incon∣veniences; promised the Inhabitants of Constantinople, that he would re∣gain it in a short time; in order to which, he set forth a very numerous Fleet, to besiege that Fortress; but contrary Winds, and bad weather, forced them into a Neighbouring Port, where they attended the Conjun∣ction of the Beyes Gallies with them. The General of the Venetians having received advice hereof, put to Sea, that he might hinder these two Fleets from joining; and was no sooner in the Channel of Scio, than that he met with 10. Sail of Barbary men of War, convoying a great number of Saiques, and other Vessels, of which 14. were laden with provisions, carrying also with them 200 thousand Crowns, which was the Tribute of Rhodes: these the Venetians assailed with such Courage and success, that they burnt the ten Ships, and many of the Saiques; killed a thou∣sand Turks, took 400. Prisoners, delivered 300. Christians; with the loss only of 100. killed, and 300. wounded.

This and other losses augmented the discontents at Constantinople, so that the G. Vizier to hold up the spirits of the people, resolved to go in Page  54 person to Tencdos; and accordingly Equipped a Fleet of 18. Ships, 30. [unspec 1657] Gallies, 10. Galleasses, with an innumerable Company of Saiques, and other Vessels; whereon he Embarked 20. thousand Horse, and 80. thou∣sand Foot; with which Army the Vizier sailed out of the Dardanelli, on the 17th of July, having first received intelligence, that Mocenigo was not returned from the Morea, where he had been for some time in chase of certain Ships; Howsoever the Turks found not the passage so clear, but that they encountred with a Squadron of 18. Sail of Men of War, under the Command of Signior Bembo; the which seeming an in∣considerable number to the Turks, they assailed them with undoubted hopes of Victory. The Admiral and Vice-Admiral of the Turks, with five other great Ships, charged the Venetian Admiral, who defended himself so bravely, that for three hours they lay Board and Board; the rest of the Turkish Fleet assailed the other part of their Enemies Fleet so close, that the Fight became terrible and bloody, both for one and the other, until at length the Turks being worsted were put to flight, and in the pursuit a great Turkish Sultana was put ashore near Troy; one of their Galleasses was disabled, two of their Ships sunk, and the rest were cha∣sed as far as Metylene, being put by the Island of Tenedos.

In this Interim, the General Mocenigo was on his Voyage towards the Dardanelli, and being come within the noise of the Cannon, he hastened with more diligence; and arrived so seasonably to the assistance of Bem∣bo, that at his appearance most of the Turkish Gallies began to turn their sterns, and make towards the shore of Anatolia with such disorder, that of twenty eight Gallies, and two Galleasses, there were but five only which kept company with the Bastard Gally of the Captain Pasha, and entred with him under the defence of the Castles. The rest of the Fleet was chased by Mocenigo, but the Turks being to windward, the Christians were not able that day to come up with them. The next day the Wind being more favourable, a Council of War was held aboard the Venetian General; during which consultation, they espied five Gal∣lies making towards the Point Baba, there to secure themselves under the Shore; and thereupon resolved, that whilst the Captain General with the Squadron of Malta, attempted those 5. Gallies, and others which had taken the same place of refuge; the rest of the Fleet should keep siring at those without. Accordingly the Captain General made towards the Point Baba, where passing within Musket-shot, and under the reach of five Batteries, an unfortunate Shot in the powder-room blew up the Ship, and therewith ended the days of this valiant Mocenigo, who died full of honour and glory; his brave actions continuing his Memory in all the Histories of Venice. The Proveditor succeeding in his Command prosecuted the same design, and as if he would imitate the antient funeral piles, he celebrated the Obsequies of his General, by burning the Admi∣ral Gally of the Turks, and thence retired towards Tenedos.

After the Turks had refitted their Vessels, and put their Fleet in a rea∣sonable posture, they departed from Metylene the 28th. of July at night, and on the 30th. were on the Coast of Tenedos, where immediately * landing five thousand Men, and great numbers approaching ready to set their Foot on shore, the Defendants of the Fortress summoned a Coun∣cil of War, at which all agreeing that the Island was not tenable against so great a force, embarked their Men, Ammunition, and Artillery, and resigned their place to the Disposal and Command of the Enemy. After Page  55 which success the Turks in like manner landed ten thousand men on the Island of Lemnos, where, having laid a formal Siege to the Castle, they made a general assault, but were repulsed with the loss of five hun∣dred men, leaving their sealing Ladders to the Besieged. They made afterwards divers attempts, but in all were beaten off with considerable loss; so that they had abandoned the Enterprize, had not the greater fear and apprehension of the Divan at home confirmed their courage a∣gainst the Enemy; until at length the Christians being wearied with two * months Siege, without hopes of relief, were forced to a surrender, which was performed on Articles, That they should depart with Armes, and Bag∣gage, and have free liberty to embark themselves for Candia.

These two important places being regained by the Turks, were the subject of great joy to the Court, and of courage and satisfaction to the Inhabitants of Constantinople: So that the Grand Signior apprehending that by these successes, the Seditions and Mutinies of the City were ap∣peased, he took his Journey to Adrianople; where to evidence his Gran∣deur to the Bailo Capello, and the Secretary Ballarino, he made his en∣try with an Army of twenty thousand men, besides the ordinary atten∣dance of the Court, and usual Concomitants of the Ottoman Train. After which Ostentation, the Grand Signior encharged Ballarino to write to the Senate, That though he was able to over-run all their Country, and take from them their Capital City, yet such was his clemency, that he was contented to grant them peace, on conditions that they surren∣dred to him all the Island of Candia, with the Fortress of Clissia in Dal∣matia, and payment of three millions of Gold for the dammages of the War. But these seemed to the Senate to be such unreasonable proposi∣tions, and so prejudicial to their honour, that they resolved to maintain the War, and to defend themselves more vigourously than ever.