The first part of a brief register, kalendar and survey of the several kinds, forms of all parliamentary vvrits comprising in 3. sections, all writs ... illustrated with choice, usefull annotations ...
Prynne, William, 1600-1669.
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The FIRST PART of a Brief Register, Kalendar and Survey of the several Kinds, Forms of all Parliamentary VVrits:

COMPRISING In 3. Sections, all Writs, Forms of Summons to Great Councils, Parliaments, Convocations in the Tower, from the 5th of King Iohn (1203) till 23 Edw. 4. (1483) to all sorts of Spiritual and Temporal Lords, Great∣men (Members of,) and the Kings Counsil (Assistants to) THE HOUSE OF LORDS: With other Rare Writs, and 4. Exact Alphabetical, Chro∣nological Tables: 1. Of all Abbols, Priors, Masters of Orders, Clergy-men, (except Bishops:) 2. Of all Dukes, Earls, Forreign Kings, Marquesses, Princes of Wales: 3 Of all Lay-Barons, Lords, Vicounts, Great men: 4. Of all the Kings Counsil (Justices, Clerks, or other Officers) with the several numbers of each of them, and of Bishops, summoned to every Council, Parliament, and the Years, Rolls, Dorses in every Kings reign, wherein their names are recorded.

Illustrated with choice, usefull Annotations, Observations concer∣ning these Writs differences, alterations, entries in the Clause Rolls: the Stiles, Titles, Additions of Patriarcha, Cardinalis, Electus, Confirmatus, Ma¦gister, &c. given in them to Spiritual; of Baro, Miles, Dominus, &c. to Temporal Lords; with their Baronies, Fealty, Homage, Oaths, right of Session, Iudicature: The Clergies forms of Procurations; Exemption from Taxes by the Laity: Our Kings Prerogative to call, prorogue, dissolve Parliaments, hold them by a Custos Regni, or Commissioners, by Patents (here cited;) to create Peers, Barons by Patent, special (not general) Writs (here registred;) to summon extraordinary Members, Assistants; Their proprie∣ty in Parliaments, dissolved by their deaths; The Power of their Counsil in, and out of them; The Constitution, Jurisdiction, Proceedings, Pri∣vileges, Ends, Duties of English Parliaments, Lords, Commons; Their in¦consistence with armed guards, seclusion of Members (by force, oathes, me∣naces) and with Scotish, or Irish Intruders; Their late differences from Councils. Parliamentum, when first used in Writs, Acts, Histories, &c. With other particulars. Publishing more Rarities, rectifying more Er∣rors in vulgar Writers, touching our Parliaments, than any former Trea∣tises of this Subject.

By WILLIAM PRYNNE Esq a Bencher of Lincolnes Inne.

Mercurius Trismegistus. In unaquaque arte tanta ducimur caecitatis caligine, ut maxima part eorum quae scimus, sit minima pars eorum quae ignoramus.

LONDON Printed for the Author, and sold by Edward Thomas in Little Britain, and Henry Brome in Ivy Lane, 1659.

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To the Ingenuous Readers, especi∣cially those of the Long Robe, and more Noble or Generous Eng∣lish Extraction.

THere are 5. grand Defects of very publike concernment, highly ten∣ding if not to the dishonor, yet certainly to the great disservice, prejudice of our Kingdom, Par∣liaments, great Officers of State, Nobility, Gentry, Nation, and more especially of the Professors and Profession of the municipall Laws, which I have for many years last past, not only much admired at, and exceedingly de∣plored, but also used my best endeavors to get supplied, so farr as there was ny probability to effect it.

The 1. is the irreparable losse of all the Par∣liament olls during the Reigns of our antient••t Kings, from William the 1. till 5 E. 2. the first Page  [unnumbered] Roll of that kind now extant) and of many o∣ther of those Rolls since, during the Reigns of Edw. 2. and 3. with the not publishing in Print those Parliamentary Rolls and Records yet extant by pub∣like Order, for the benefit of Posterity, to prevent their suppression, destruction, Embe∣zelling by fire, warr, casualties, te negligence, or present malice of some Iesuitical Furies, or il∣litrate Animals, instigated thereunto by Hugh Peters his misintituled Pamphlet, Good work for a good Magistrate, printed 1651. p. 96. Where after his proposal of a short new Modell for the Law, he sub∣joyns, This being done, I IS VERY ADVISA∣BLE TO BURN ALL THE OLD RECORDS, YEA EVEN THOSE IN THE TOWER, THE MONVMENTS OF TYRANNY: Which des∣perate bedlam advise of his, I haveaelsewhere at large refuted, as most pernicious to the publike, and to all Corporations and Landed men.

The 2. is the great want of an Exact Collection out of the Clause, Parliament, and Statu'e Rolls, of all Statutes, Ordinances and Acts of Parlia∣ment made before the use of Printing them im∣mediately after the Parliaments conclusion, or during their Sessions, came in fashion: all our Statutes at large, and the Abridgments of them, (even Ferdinando Pultons of Lincolns Inne Esq. the best & most refined) having sundrybSpuri∣ous Impostures printed in them, under the Titles of Acts, Statutes, and Ordinances of Parliament, which in verty are neither of them, but only particular Writs or Instuctions of the King to the Iustices and other Officers by advise of his Counl out of Parliament: Such are the St∣tutes, Page  [unnumbered] De circumspecte agatis, said to be made in 13. E. 1. (resolved to be no Statute, but made by the Pre∣lates alone. M. 19. E. 3. Fitz. Jur. 28.) The Statutes of Protections, Champerty, and Conspirators, in 33 E. 1. De conjunctim feoffatis, in 34 E. 1. Ne rector prosternat arbores in caemiterio, in 35 E. 1. The Statute for Knights, 1 E. 2. of Gavelet, 10 E. 2. with sundry others, as the very form, words, & penning of them demonstrate, being transcribed only out of the Clause or Patents not Parliament or Statute Rolls. Besides these there are some forged Acts and Statutes printed in these Sta∣tute Books not extant in the Statute Rolls that remain intire: yea, there are sundry misprisions in printed Statutes, varying both in form & substance from the Statute Rolls wherein they are recorded, omitting some material words and clauses, adding and altering o∣thers; most of the publishers of our Statutes taking them upon meer trust, as they found them transcribed by others, but never examining them by the Statute Rolls & Original Records, as is most apparent by their cmistakes of the very times and dates of some Statutes, by their printing others of them without any date, asdmade during the reign of King H. 3. Ed. the 1. or 2. BUTUNCERTAIN WHEN, ORIN WHICH OF THEIR TIMES, & by the manifold variances between their Printed Books, and the Statute Rolls, of which I have given you a particular account in my Table to the Eact. Abridgement of the Records in the Tower; the Compiler whereof was mistaken in this, That the Statute of 2 R. 2. c. 5. touching tellers of News (or Lyes) of Noblemen, or Counsellors, is not in the Record, nor any mention thereof; it being recorded at large in French in the Statute Roll of the first Par∣liament that year, wherein it is printed, though not in the second, as I can attest upon my own view Page  [unnumbered] of the Statute Roll it self. Besides these Impostures, and Variances, there are many useful Acts in the Parliament and Clause Rolls totally omitted out of all our Printed Statute-Books, some whereof I have heretofore published in my Irenarches Redivivus.

The 3. is the Grand deplorable Deficiency of such an Exact Chronological History of all the Great Councils, Synods, Parliaments of England, with their several Canons, Acts, Ordinances, Proceedings, as I have formerly mentioned in the Epistle to my Plea for the Lords, my Preface to an Exact Abridge∣ment of the Records in the Tower; and in a prin∣ted Title three year since, by which I endeavoured to promote it; which would supply all the three precedent Defects.

The 4. is the great lack of diligent faithfull Collections and Publications of all the choicest Records, Proclamations, Writs, Letters, Char∣ters, Patents, Commissions, &c. in the Tower, or elsewhere, which concern the Liberties and Pro∣perties of the Subject; The just antient Duties, Customs, Revenues, Jurisdictions of the Kings and Crown of England in times of Warre and peace; the Coin, Merchandize, Manufactures, Trade, Government, Navy, Forts, Militia of En∣gland and Ireland; and the Negotiations, Leagues, Treaties with forein States: or at leastwise the want of an Exact Table, Repertory to them, whereby they might be readily found out, and made ue of upon all emergent occasions.

The 5. is a Compleat Register or Kalendar of all Parliamentary Writs extant in our Records, which those who have formerly written Discour∣ses touching our English Parliaments, were either Page  [unnumbered] totally ignorant of, or not well acquainted with, or else took no care or pains at all to communicate to others, though the very foundations of all our Parliaments and their proceedings; The omis∣sion or ignorance whereof hath made most of their Treatises of this subject very imperfect, un∣satisfactory, and full of gross misprisions, which pass for current Truths.

It seemed very strange and monstrous to me, that none of our Kings, Parliaments, Great Offi∣cers of State, Nobles, but especially none of our reverend Iudges, learned Lawyes, nor any of the Msters of the Rolls (to whose beneficial Office, care, diligence, it most propely appertained) in so large a tract of time since Printing first grew common, have not hitherto put to their own helping hands, nor incouraged others by Honorary Salaries, to supply these deplrable, prejudicial Defects, (especially the 3. first) which so much concern the publike Government, Justice, Ho∣nor, welfare, Laws, Interest of the whole Eng∣lish Nation; when as forein Kings Parliaments, Statesmen, Lawyers, Advocates (especially in France, Spain, Germany, Denmark) have been very diligent and laborious in later ages, in searching out, transcribing, publishing to posterity all the Antiquities, Records, Councils, Parliaments, Laws, Edicts, Ordinances, Histories, Transacti∣ons of thir Predecessors, and encouraged their learnedest Scholars by great Offices, Honors, Sa∣laries, and bountiful rewards, to collections and publications of this Nature, to their eternal ho∣nor. VVhereupon I endeavoured the last long Page  [unnumbered] Parliament by an Epistle to the Lords to excite them to contribute their best assistance towards the speedy Publication of all our Parliamentary Rolls and Records, profering my best endeavors to promote it; but I neither then nor since recei∣ved the least incouragement from them or others towards this beneficial publike undertaking, from which soon after I was both discouraged and disabled by near 3. years close Imprisonment in 3. remote Castles, under armed, strictest guards by Mr. Iohn Bradshaws and his Whitehall Associates warrant, without any accusation, hea∣ring, or particular cause either then or since ex∣pressed, of purpose to debarr me from publishing any thing of this Nature, or against their New Tyrannical usurpations, transcending all in former ages. After my enlargement from these 3. years expensive, as well as tedious restraints, (superad∣ded to my former Imprisonments and Losses un∣der the Prelates and Army-Officers,) I endeavored to revive this Heroick work, and to encourage all publike-Spirited Noblemen, Gentlemen, Lawyers to promote it; both by the publicati∣on of many unknown rare Records, in the second Part of my Demurrer to the Iews long discontinued Remitter into England; and Discoveries therein of the Vsefulness and excellency of our Records in general, and of those relating to our Parliaments, Laws, Liberties, Properties in particular: Since which, by a printed Paper, I proposed a way, how, in what manner, and by what time this usefull Design might probably be effected with no loss at all, but certain gain to those who Page  [unnumbered] should contribute only 10 〈◊〉 a piece towards it, for a year or two at most, and should then cer∣tainly receive their principal again, together with Books in the interval amounting to treble the interest; which, though some of my friends to whom I communicated these papers, highly ap∣proved of, seeming forwards to contribute to∣wards it, yet I found such a general lukewarnness, or rather absolute coldness (in others) really to advance it, as caused me totally to desist from any further prosecution thereof; Whereupon to supply those defects in some degree as much as in me lay, I did with no little pains and cost up∣on my own private account alone, (without the least assistance, contribution from any others) collect, compile, print and publish to the world, in the 3. First Parts of my Seasonable Historical Vin∣dication, and Chronological Collection of the good old Fundamental Liberties, Rights, Franchises, Laws 〈◊〉 all English Freemen; an Exquisite Epitome of all the Parliamentary Councils, Synods, and State-assem∣blies held within our Realms upon several Occasions, extant in our Historians, from the Britons first a∣rival therein, till the Coronation of King Willi∣am the first Anno 1066. conteining the space of 2390. years. Which though very usefull, sea∣sonable, profitable, containing sundry rarities in them; were looked upon by most men with con∣tempt, like old Almanacks, Clothes or Fashions quite out of dte; whence most of them lye moulding in Warehouses for want of sale. After which in pursute of these beginnings; I freely contributed my labors, to the publishing of A••xact Abridg∣ment Page  [unnumbered] of the Parliment Rolls and Records in the Tower of London; from King Edward the 2. till 1 R. 3. rectifying sundry mistakes, supplying divers de∣fects therein, adorning it with a necessary Pre∣face, usefull Tables and Marginal Notes, without which it had been in a manner altogether use∣less▪ Since which, I much enlarged and reprin∣ted pon my own Account alone (for want of as∣sistance by others) my Plea for the Lords and House of Peers; Wherein I have communicated to the world out of Records and Histories, more Presi∣dents, knowledge, touching the Judicature, Ju∣risdiction and Proceedings of our Great Coun∣cils and Parliaments in former ages, and more fully vindicated the just, antient Privilege and Hereditary right of the Lords and Barons of this Realm, to sit, vote, judge in all our English Parliaments, than any others have done in for∣mer ages, without the least incouragement, ayde, or retribution from any of their Lordships, not∣withstanding my manifold sufferings by, from, and under some of them and their ancesters here∣tofore both in person and estate, without the smallest voted recompence.

These last publications, together with my Soveraign Power of Parliaments and Kingdoms, my Historical Collection of the Great Councils and Parlia∣ments of England; and new published Argument of the Case of the Lord Magwire, having in some measure (though not so fully as I desire) suppli∣ed the 4. first premised Deects, I have endeavo∣red by this presentBrief Regist••, 〈◊〉 and Survey of the sveral 〈…〉,Page  [unnumbered] (the only Basis whereon Parliaments are foun∣ded, by which they are supported, directed, as well as convened) and by my usefull Observations on them, more compleatly to supply the 5. deect, than any of the former, so farr as my present leisure and ability will extend, without supplies from others; wherein I have with no little pains and diligence, given you a most exact and faith∣full Account of all the Writs of Summons to Parliaments, Great Councils, and most Convo∣cations in England, extant in the Clause Rolls and Records of the Tower, from the 5. year of King Iohn, till the 23. of Edward the 4th, that I have hitherto met with upon my best search after them, digested into several Sections in a Chro∣nological method, with usefull Observations on them; Wherein you have a compendious, yet full and satisfactory Account of all the several Forms and Varieties of writs of Summons du∣ring all this tract of time issued to Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Masters of Religious Orders, and all Spiritual Lords; to the Prince of Wales, Forein Kings, Dukes, Earls, Marquesses, Vi∣counts, Barons, Temporal Lords and Great men; to the Kings Counsil, Judges and other Assistants to the House of Lords; the Sheriffs of Counties, and particular Corporations made Counties, for electing Knights, Citizens and Burgesses to serve in Parliament, and to the Constable of Dover Castle, Warden of the Cinque-ports, and Ports themselves for electing Barons of those Ports; with the particular Rolls, membranaes, dorses, wherein every of these summons are re∣corded: Page  [unnumbered] Together with a general Account in gross summ, how many Bishops, Abbots, Pri∣ors, Earls, Barons, Great men, and Assistants of the Kings Counsil were summoned to every of these Parliaments and Great Councils, & 4 most usefull, acurate, short Alphabetical & Chrono∣logical ables, inserted into my Observations on the 3. first Sections of these Different writs: 1. Of the Names of all the Abbots, Priors, Ma∣sters of Religious Orders, and other Clergymen (except Bishops) summoned to any Parliament or Great Council from 49 H. 3. till 23 E. 4. with the years, rolls, dorses in each Kings reign, wherein you shall find them summoned, and how oft any of them were summoned, and con∣sequently when omitted out of the lists of sum∣mons. 2ly. Of the Names of all the Dukes, Earls, Marquesses, and Princes of Wales. 3ly. Of all the Temporal Viscounts, Lords, Barons, Peers, and Great men. 4ly. Of all the Kings Counsil, Judges, Justices, and other Great Officers sum∣moned as Assistants to the Lords, in every Parlia∣ment and Great Council held in England from 49 H. 3. to 23 E. 4. with the particular Roll, year, dorse in every Kings reign, wherein you may find their names and summons entred, and when and how oft any of them or their posteri∣ty were thus summoned. Which Tables, as they were very painfull and troublesom to me ex∣actly to collect, being inforced to transcribe most of them three times over, before I could digest them into that form as here you find them, con∣sisting of very many figures (which I examined near five times over, to prevent mistakes in any Page  [unnumbered] of them) so being thus compleated, will be the most usefull and delightfull Kalender to all An∣tiquaries, Heraulds, Lawers, Noblemen, Gen∣tlemen and others delighting in Antiquities, or Pedegrees, ever yet communicated to the English Nation; rectifying all those mistakes in names, & supplying those manifold defects in my Table of this nature to the Exact Abridgement of the Re∣cords in the Tower. If any Noblemen. Lawyers, Gentlemen, or others, would find out and know in a moment, when or how often, or in what Roll and dorse any of their Ancestors, Family, Name, were summoned to any Parliament or Great Council; or when or how often any Ab∣bot or Prior (whose lands they or their Clients now enjoy) were summoned to Parliaments, or of what Order they were, these Tables, com∣pared with the printed Lists before them, will presently resolve them, better than all the Ta∣bles and Kalendars to the Records in the Tower, which are very defective, and if they have cause to make use of the Records upon any occasion, these Tables will punctually direct them both to the Number Roll and Dorse too wherein they are recorded, without further search: So as I may conclude them to be greatly beneficial, as well to the Keepers of those Records, as to all those who shall have future occasion to make use of them in any kind.

For the extraordinary writs of summons and others here published at large, I dare averr, that most of the Nobility, Gentry, Lawyers, and Parliament men of the English Nation▪ never Page  [unnumbered] so much as once saw, or heard of most of them before this publication; and those few Antiqua∣ries, Lawyers, Gentlemen, who have gottena∣uy transcripts and Collections of the writs of summons in the Tower, shall meet with many memorable rare writs in this Abridgement, which are totally omitted out of their Folio Volumes, col∣lected to their hands by others; which I have here supplied by my own industry, and likewise digested into method: all those large Collcti∣ons of writs which I have yet seen, being both de∣fective, confused, fraught with a tedious repe∣tition of those names of Abbots, Priors, Dukes, Earls, Lords, Barons, which I have contracted into four short Tables in an orderly method. So as I may justly stile this Register, Kalendar and Survey, a rich Cabinet, and Compendious Treasury of the chiefest, and most precious Parliamentary Iewels, Rarities, Records, ever yet presented to the world in print.

As for my Observations on, and Collections from these writs, I dare affirm without vain∣glory, they are for the most part such, as were never yet known nor communicated to the world; and will be of excellent use, not only for the searching, but understanding of Records, and of the true constitution, proceedings, Privileges, Affairs, Ends of the Great Councils and Parlia∣ments of England, and duties of their respective Members; wherein I have discovered, refuted many oversights and mistakes in Sir Edward Cook, and other pretended Antiquaries, who have writ∣ten of our English Parliaments, and given clearer Page  [unnumbered] evidences of the original, beginning, use of the name Parliament in England; of the Authority, Power, use of the Kings Counsil, Iudges in Parlia∣ments; of the Kings general writs of Summons to Temporal as well as Spiritual persons who held not by Barony, not making themselves, nor their Successors, nor posterities, Lords or Barons, and of sundry other materiall particulars, rela∣ting to the Freedom, Fulness, Summons, Affairs & Proceedings of our Parliaments, than any hither∣to have done; out of an unfeigned desire of com∣municating more knowledg to the present & suc∣ceeding Generations, touching our Parliaments, and their affairs, than former times have been publikely acquainted with, that thereby I might restore our Parliaments to their primitive insti∣tution, use, splendor, freedom, Honor, that so the may be made medicinal Restoratives, Blessing not Grievances, or Diseases to our 〈◊〉 Church and State, oraPhysicians of no value. We read ofba woman in the Gospel, which had a issue of bloud for 12 years, and had suffed many thigs of many Physicians, and spent all that she had upon them, even all her living, and yet was nothing better, but rather worse, and could not be heated by any of them. This woman is a true Emble of England, ly••g for so many years, or more, sik of a bloudy issue under the hands of several Physicians, under the Name and Disguise of Parliaments of several Forms and Modells, who (with their armed sup∣porters) have put her to infinite expences, suffe∣rings, and exhausted all she hath; and yet they have neither healed nor amended her in any Page  [unnumbered] kinde, but left her in a arr worse condition then they found her,cfor want of healing skil, or medicins; applying nothing but new corrosives & causticks of steel, instead of astringents and incarnatives to her bleeding wounds: yea those very Physici∣ans are now so full of manfold infirmities, di∣stempers, if not gross corruptions, that we may surely say unto them this Proverb,d PHYSICIAN HEAL THY SELF, before we can possibly expect any publike healing from them either in Church or State. If these few leaves, through Gods bles∣sing on them, shall becomeelike to the leaves of the tree of life, for the healing of these Physicians, & our Nations, (one prime end of their publicati∣on) I shall bless God for it, and deem my cost and labour well bestowed; however this shall be my comfort;fIn magnis et voluisse sat est:gEtiam non assecutis voluisse abunde pulchrum at∣que magnisicum est, in such a case as this.

One chief means to make our future Parlia∣ments beneficial, medicinal and restorative to our Nation, is, to restore them to their antient freedom, and secure them and their Members from all future force and violence; which may be easily effected, 1.* By removing all armed Forces, and Souldiers a good distance from the places where they shall be kept, and prohibiting them under severest penalties, not to approach near unto them during their Sessions. 2ly.* By defending the wearing of any offensive arms or weapons in or near the Cities where the Parlia∣ments convene. 3ly. By inhibiting all tumul∣tuous popular addresses to them, under colour of Page  [unnumbered] Petitions or otherwise, and ordering, that no Petitions or Addresses shal be tendred unto them from any County, City, Corporation, or Fraternity upon any occasion by above 12. grave selected persons at most, under pain of being que∣stioned and proceeded against as tumultuous. 4ly. By declaring and enacting all Persons what∣soever to be actual Traytors, and Enemies to the Nation, (as they are by*Law) and to be effectual∣ly proceeded against as such; who shall offer any force, violence, assault to the Parliament, or any Member or Members thereof during their attending therein, or in going to or returning from the same, or violently interrupt their pro∣ceeding. And that all who shall hereafter be peccant in this kind, &*their heirs males shall be for ever hereafter disabled to sit in Parliament, or bear any Office whatsoever, Civil or military, or to purchase or re-ceive any Lands, Cha∣ttels, Gift, Legacy or bequest whatsoever, or to enjoy the privileges of an English Freeman.

My chief design in this & other late publica∣tions, hath been to inform the English Nation of the true Original constitution, uses, ends, Rights, Privileges, Judicarure, and Proceedings of the Great Councils and Parliaments held within our Island, from its original plantation by the Britons, till the Normans ruling in it, which I have already published in a Brief*Chrnological manner, and from thence to the end of King Ed∣ward the 4th his reign, which I have likewie in a good measure accomplished in my late inlar∣ged Plea for the Lords and House of Peers; where∣in Page  [unnumbered] I have given the Readers a large account of most of the Great Councils held under King Henry the 1. and 2. proving, there were no Knights, Citizens or Burgesses summoned to them in their reigns, as they have been of later times; which may be further evidenced by these Histo∣rical Passages and Great Councils which I there omitted.

In the year of Christ 1109. in ahGreat Council of the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, ET PRINCIPVM totius Regni, there was this Canon made amongst others; Vt nullus Archidiaconus Presbyter, Diaconus, Canonicus uxorem ducat, vel ductam retineat, &c. Vt Presbyter quamdiu illicitam conversationem mulieris habuerit, non sit legalis, nec missam celebret, nec si celebraverit, ejus miss a audiatur: After Anselms banishment very many Priests re∣teining or resuming their wives contrary to these Decrees,i King Henry the 1. thereupon cau∣sed his Ministers to indict, and prosecute many Priests for this contempt, only to extort monies from them: but their fines not amounting to so great a summ as the King expected, there was a general Sentence given against all the Priests, as well innocent as nocent, and a fine set upon eve∣ry Parish Church, which the Priest thereof was to redeem; which some Priests having no mo∣ney, and others refusing to pay, because it was an unjust innovation, they were thereupon contu∣meliously seised upon by force, imprisoned and tortured; and when neer 200 of them in their Surplisses and Priests habits came all together to the Kings place in London barefoot, imploring Page  [unnumbered] him with one voice to take pity on them, Ille ad preces orum nulla miseratione permotus est, vel saltem quavis eos, sicut homins omnis religionis expertes, re∣sponsi honestate dignatus, suis obtutibus festine abegi praecepit: whereupon they repaired to the Queen, who only wept in pity towards them, but could not relieve them. Anselm upon the other Bi∣shops Letter to him, writ an Epistle to the King touching this proceeding of his, as an innovati∣on, Quod hactenus inauditum et inusitatum est in Ec∣clesia Dei de ullo Rege, et de aliquo Principe. No enim pertinet secundum legem Dei hujusmodi culpam vindicare isi ad singulos Episcopos per suas parochias, ut si & ipsi Episcopi in hoc negligentes fuerint, ad Archiepiscopum & Primatem, &c. Adding, Dico enim vobis quod valde timere debetis, quod pecunia ta∣liter accepta, ut taceam quantum noceat animae, non tamen cum expendetur, adjuvabit terrena negoti, quantum postea perturbabit. To which the King returned this answer.

kHenricus Dei gratia Rex Anglorum, Ansel∣mo Archiepiscopo Cantuariae salutem. In die Sancti Gregorii apud Tunebrigge, mihi fuerunt delatae literae repostae sub tuo sigillo. Et per a mihi mandasti talia unde multum miror, quia quod feci credo me per te fecisse. Et in die As∣censionis Domini HABEBO OMNES BARO∣NES MEOS (without Knights, Citizens or Burgesses) MECUM CONGREGATOS, & PER CONSILIUM EORUM ita convenien∣ter tibi respondebo quod cum tecum loquar non credo te me inde blasphematurum. Et quicquid fiat alias, scito quod tui, quicquid ipsi fecerint, Page  [unnumbered] per omnes terras tuas in pace permanserint.

l Anno Gratiae 172. King Henry the 2d. Venit OXENFORD, & IN GENERALI CONCILIO ibidem celebrato CONSTITU∣IT Iohannem filium suum REGEM IN HY∣BERNIA, concessione & confirmatione Alexan∣dri summi pontificis. Et in eodem Concilio venerunt ad Regem Resus filius Griphini regulus de Suhwales, & David fils Oain regulus de North∣wales; qui sororem ejusdem regis Angliae in uxo∣rem duxerat, & Cadwelanus regulus de Delnain, & Owanus de Keuillian, & Giffinus de Brunfeld, & Madacusilius Gervetrog: & alii multi de nobi∣lioribus Gualliae, et omnes devenerunt homines regis Angliae patris, & fidelitatem ei contra om∣nes homines, & pacem sibi & regno suo servan∣dam juraverunt. In eodem autem Concilio de∣dit dominu Rex Angliae praedicto Reso filio Grif∣sini terram de Meronith: & David filio Owain ter∣ram de Ellesmare. Deditque dominus ex Hugoni de Lasci (ut supradictum est) in Hybernia totam Midam cum pertinentiis suis pro servitio 100. militum, tenendam de ipso et Iohanne filio suo, & chartam suam ei inde fecit. Deditque ibidem Roberto filio Stephani & Miloni de Cogham regnum de Coch, pro servitio 60. militum, tenendum de ipso et Iohanne filio suo, excepta civitate de Corch, cum uno cantredo, quae dominus rex sibi et hae∣redibus suis retinuit. Deditque ibidem Hereber∣to filio Hereberti, et Willielmo fratri Comitis Re∣ginaldi, & Iollano de la Primerai nepoti eorum regnum de Limeric, pro servitio 60. militum, te∣nendum de ipso et Iohanne filio suo: excepta ci∣vitate Page  [unnumbered] de Limeric, cum uno cantredo, quae domi∣nus sibi et haeredibus suis retinuit. Traddit au∣tem dominus rex Willielmo filio Aldelini dapifero suo civitatem Wesesordiae in custodia, cum omnbus pertinentiis suis; & statuit haec subscripta in posterum pertinenda ad servicium Wesefordiae: Harkelou cum pertinentiis suis, Glascarric cum pertinentiis suis; & terram Gilberti de Boisrohard, Ferneg Winal cum pertinentiis suis, Fernes cum pertinentiis suis: & totam terram de Hervei in∣ter Weseforde & aquam de Waterorde. Servitium Raimundi de Druna. Servitium de Frodrevelan. Servitium Vimothi de Leighlerin. Tenementum etiam Machtaloe cum pertinentiis suis. Et Leis terram Gaufridi de Costentin cum pertinentiis suis: & totam terram Orueldi. Tradidit etiam ibidem dominus rex Roberto le Poer marescallo suo in custodia civitatem Waterordiae: cum omnibus pertinentiis suis: et statuit haec subscripta in po∣sterum pertinenda ad servitium Waterfordiae: to∣tam terram quae est inter Waterforde & aquam quae est ultra Lismors, & totam terram de Oise∣ric cum pertinentiis suis. Tradidit etiam ibi∣dem dominus rex Hugoni de Laci civitatem Di∣veliniae cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in custo∣dia: & stait haec subscripta in posterum perti∣nenda ad Servitium Diveliniae; totam terram de Offelana cum pertinentiis suis, & Kildaran cum pertinentiis suis, & totam terram de Offalaia, cum pertinentiis suis, & Wikechelon cum pertinen∣tiis suis, & servitium de Mida, & servitium qua∣tuor militum, quod Robetus Poer debet de ca∣stello suo de Dunaver. Postquam autem domi∣nus Page  [unnumbered] rex apud Oxeneford in praedicto modo terras Hyberniae, et earum servitia divisisset, secit om∣nes quibus earunemcustodias commisrat homi∣nes suos & Iohannis silii sui devenire: et jurare es ligantias et fidelitates de terris Hyberniae. Et iede m Concilio dedit dominus rex Richardo Priori de Kiteby abbatiam de Witebi. Et Benedicto Priori Ecclesiae sanctae Trinitatis Cantuariae, abbatiam de Burgo, & Richardus Cantuariensis Archiepiscopus benedixit cum in abbatem. Eo∣dem anno praedictus Vivianus Presbyter Cardi∣nalis & Apostolicae sedis legatus, peracta lega∣tione sua in Hybrnia, rediit in Angliam, & per conductum domini rgis rediit in Scotiam, & ce∣lebrato Concilio apu castellum puellarum, sus∣spendit a pontificali officio Christianum Episco∣pum Candidae casae, quia ad Concilium suum venire noluit; sed Episc. suspensionem illam non tenuit, septus munimine Rogeri Eboracensis Archi∣epise. cujus suffraganeus ipse erat. Deinde venit dominus Rex us{que} Merleberge: ubi Rex dedit Phi∣lippo de Brensa totum regnum de Limeric pro ser∣vitio sexaginta milium, tenendum de ipso & de Iohanne filio suo. Nam Herebertus & Willielmus fratres Reginaldi Comiis Cornubiae, & Ioslanus de la Pumerai nepos eorum, regnum illud habe∣re noluerunt, eo quod nondum perquisitum erat: nam occiso a regalibus rege Monodero, qui Rex erat de Limeric, & homo regis Angliae inde sue∣rat, quidam de progenie illius, vir potens et for∣tis, regnum de Limeric invasit, cepit, et potenter rexit, nullam subjectionem faciens Regi Angliae, nec suis obedire voluit propter infidelitatem eo∣rum, & mala quae faciebant populo Hyberniae si∣ne Page  [unnumbered] merito. Rex vero Corcensis & alii multi di∣vites Hyberniae insurrexerunt in Regem Angliae, & suos: & erant novissima eorum pejora priori∣bus, & se mutuo interfecerunt.

By which president it is evident; that King Henry by the advice of his Great Council of Pre∣lates and Nobles of & in England, disposed both of the Kingdoms, Crowns and Lands in Ireland to his Son, and other subjects of England. The same KingmHenry the 2. Anno Dom. 1182. aetatis annum inchoans quadragesimum nonum, dum mentis et corporis incolumitate vigeret, dum regnum suum undi∣que tranquillae pacis commoditatibus frueretur, apud Waltham Episcopi Winton, REGNI CON∣VOCAVIT MAJORES. Itaque pr••sentibus il∣lis et approbantibus quandam pecuniae partem in causas pias procurans, Quaraginta siquidem duo milia marcorum argenti, quingentas marcas auri distribuit, &c. After thisn Pope Lucius An. 1185. sending a Letter to King Henry the 2d. to take the Cross upon him and succour the holy Land, by the P∣triarch and Master of the Hospital of Hierusalem, who presented it to him, together with the toy. al banner, and Keyes of the Lords Scpulcher, and of the Tower of David, and City of Ierusalem, on the behalf of the King and Princes of the Land, im∣portuning his answer to their requests: Domius Rex statuit eis terminum suae responsionis primam Do∣minicam Quadragesimae apud Londonias. Ad quam Dominicam, Dominus Rex & Patriarcha et E∣piscopi, et Abbates, et COMITES et BARONES ANGLIAE (but no Knights, Citizens or Bur∣gesses thereof, & Willielm. REX SCOTIAE, &Page  [unnumbered] David frater ejus, CUM COMITIBUS ET BARONIBUS TERRAE SUAE 〈◊〉 Londoniis: et habito inde cum deliberatione consslio, PLACUIT VNIVERSIS, quod Dominus Rex con∣suleret inde Dominum suum Philippum Regem Fran∣ciae: et sic soluto CONCILIO, Dominus Rex dedit universis hominibus suis, tam Clericis quam Lacis, li∣centiam capiendi crucem. Unde factum est quod Bald∣winus Cantuariensis Archiepiscopus, et Ranulphus Iusticiarius Angliae, & Walterus Rothomagensis Ar∣chiepiscopus, et Hugo Dunelmensis Episcopus, et alii quamplures Episcopi transmarini et cismarini: et fere omnes Comites et Barones et Milites Angliae, & Nor∣manniae, & Aquitaniae, & Britanniae, & Ande∣gaviae, & Cenomanniae & Turoniae Crucem cepe∣runt. Deinde Dominus Rex venit usque Windle∣shoures et ibi in Dominica ubi cantatur, Laetare Je∣rusalm, fecit Johannem silium suum militem, & statim misit eum in Hyberniam, & INDE EVM REGEM CONSTITVIT.

To pretermit the Parliamentary Councils un∣der KingRichard the 1. of which I have given you some account in my Plea or the Lords, p. 234. to 242. I shall proceed to those in the beginning of King Iohns reign.

In the 1. year of King Iohn Anno Dom. 1199. there was a Great Council of the Spiritual and Temporal Lords and Barons summoned to his Coronation, thus related byaMatthew Westmin∣ster, though there be no writs of Summons there∣unto extant on record; Dux Normanniae Johan∣nes in vigilia Ascensionis Domini London venit, ibi CONGREGATIS ANGLIAE NOBILIBVS, abPage  [unnumbered] Hbrto Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo coronatus est, die Ascensionis Domini; whichbRoger de Hovden thus relates,

Congregatis igitnr apud Lundo∣nias in advent praedicti ducis Huberto Cantu∣ariensi, Johanne Dublinensi, et de Raguse Ar∣chiepiscopus, Willielmo Lundoniensi, Gil∣berto Roffensi, Johanne Norwicensi, Hugone Lincolnensi, Eustachio Eliensi, Godfrido Wintoniensi, Henrico Exoniensi, Sefrido Ci∣cestrensi, Gaurido Coventrensi, Savarico Ba∣thoniensi, Hereberto Salesburiensi, Philippo Dunelmensi, Rogero de sancto Andrea in Sco∣tia, Henrico de Landas Episcopis, Roberto de Leicestre, Richardo de Clare, Willielmo de Tutesburie, Hamelino de Warenne, Williel∣mo de Salisbirie, Willielmo de Striguil, Wal∣ranno de Warewic, Rogero Bigot, Willielmo de Arundel, Ranulfo de Cestre Comitibus, & Baronibus multis: Hubertus Cantuariensis Archiepiscopus coronoavit, et consecravit in regem Angliae prefatum Johannem ducem Normanniae, in Ecclesia sancti Petri Apostoli Westminstriae, sexto Calen. Iunii, feria 5. die Ascensionis Domini; Philippo Dunelmen∣si Episcopo appellante, ne coronatio illa fieret in absentia Gaufridi Eboracensis Archiepisco∣pi, totius Angliae Primatis.
cMatthew Paris thus records the manner of his Coronation more fully.
CONGREGATIS ita que in adventu ejus, Archiepiscopis, Episcopis, Comitibus et Baronibus atque aliis omnibus, qui ejus co∣ronationi interesse debuerant, Archiepisco∣pus staus in medio omnium, dixit; Audite u∣niversi. Page  [unnumbered] Noverit discretio vestra, quod nullus praevia ratione alii succedere habet regnum, nisi ab universitate Regni unanimiter, invoca∣ta Spiritus gratia electus, & secundum morum suorum eminentiam praeelectus, ad exemplum et similitudinem Saul primi Regis inuncti, quem praeposuit Dominus populo suo, non Re∣gis filium, nec de Regali stirpe procreatum. Similiter post eum David Sem ei filium: hunc quia strenuum et aptum dignitati regiae, illum quia sanctum et humilem, ut sic qui cunctos in regno supereminet strenuitate, omnibus praesit et potestate et regimine. Ve∣rum si quis ex stirpe Regis defuncti aliis prae∣polleret, pronius et promptius in electionem ejus est consentiendum. Haec idcirco diximus pro inclyto Comite Iohanne, qui praesens est, frater illustrissimi Regis nostri Richardi jam defuncti, qui haerede caruit ab eo egrediente, qui providus et strenuus & manifeste nobilis, qnem nos, invocata Spiritus sanctigratia, ra∣tione tam meritorum quam sanguinis Regii unanimiter elegimus universi. Erat autem Ar∣chiepiscopus vir prosundi pectoris, et in regno singularis columna stabilicatis et sapientiae in∣comparabilis. Nec ausi erant alii super his ad∣huc ambigere; scientes quod sine causa hoc non sic diffiniverat. Verum Comes Iohannes et omnes hoc acceptaban, ipsumque Comitem in Regem eligentes et assumentes, exclamant dicentes: Vivat rex. Interrogatus autem postea Archiepiscopus Hubertus, quare haec dixisset? respondit se praesaga mente conjecturare, et Page  [unnumbered] quibusdam oraculis edoctum & certificatum fuisse, quod ipse Johannes Regnum & Coro∣nam Angliae foret aliquando corrupturus, & in magnam confusionem precipitaturus. Et ne haberet liberas habenas hoc faciendi, ipsum electione non successione haereditaria, eligi de∣bere affirmabat. Archiepiscopus autem impo∣nens capiti ejus coronam, unxit eum in regem apd Westmor atrium, sc. in Ecclesia princi∣pis Apostolorum, Dominicae ascensionis die, sexto kalendas Junii, Philippo Dunelmensi E∣piscopo appellante, sed non obtinene, ne coro∣natio illa fieret in absentia G. Archiepiscopi Eboracensis. In hac coronatione Rex Iohannes triplici involutus est sacramento: Quod vide∣licet sanctam Ecclesiam et ejus ordinatos dili∣geret, et eam ab incursione malignantium in∣demnem conservaret: et quod perversis legibus destructis, bonas substitueret, et rectam justiti∣am in regno Angliae exerceret. Deinde adjura∣tus est ab eodem Archiepisc opo ex parte Dei, et districte prohibitus, ne honorem hunc acci∣pere praesumeret, nisi in mente habeat opere, quod juraverat, adimplere. Ad hoc ille respon∣dens, promisit se per auxilium Dei, bona fide, ea quae juraverat, servaturum. In crastino au∣tem, homagiis et fidelitatibus acceptis, beatum Albanum Protomartyrem Angliae, orationis gratia, devotus petivit. Et sic brevissimam in Anglia moram faciens, ea quae statuenda erant in regno, cum consilio Magnatum rite pere∣git.

In the 2. year of (d) King Iohn, Anno 1200. Page  [unnumbered]Hubrt Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancel∣lor of England, Generale celebravit Concilium Londini apud Westmona sterium, contra prohibitionem Gawfri∣di silii Petri, Comitis Essex, tunc temporis summi Iusticiarij Anglae; In which many Laws and Canons were made touching Ecclesiastical persons and businesses, recorded at large ineRoger de Hoveden. And in the same year the sameg Au∣thor writes, the long sue between William de Stu∣tevil, and William de Moubray, touching the Ba∣rony of Moubray, was compremised and ended by an agreement made between them CONSI∣LIO REGNI, & VOLVNTATE REGIS. In which Council of the Realm, it is most proba∣ble, Statuta quaedam Johannis Regis, concerning the prises of Wine, registred bygHoveden, were made. Sed hoc PRIMUM Regis STATU∣TUM vix inchoatum, statim est adnihilatum, quiae Mercatores hanc Assisam sustinere non poterunt, & data est eis licentia vendendi sextertium de vino albo pro octo denariis, & vini rubri pro sex denariis, & sic repleta est terra potu, & potatoribus. The Writs of Summons for these two General Councils of the Church and Realm this year, are not found extant on record.

The Patent Roll in the 5 ofhKing Iohn, makes mention of an Assise of Beer and Wine, made per Commune Consilium Baronum nostrorum, held the year before at Winchester.

Rex, &c. sciatis, Nos Communi Conslio Ba∣ronum nostrorum constituisse, Quod albus pa∣nis factus in Civitate nostra Winton. fit ponde∣ris 3 c Sol. &c. Et unusquisque Pistor sigil∣lum Page  [unnumbered] suum pani suo apponat, &c. Et volumus et firmiter praecipimus, quod haec constitutio firmiter teneatur. Facta est autem haec con∣stitutio ad Pascham proximam post obitum Alienorae Reginae matris nostrae, anno regni nostri quinto, Teste G. fil. Petri Com. Essex. apud Freitemnel 15 die Aprilis.

This Ordinance for the Assise of Bread, with the Proclamation and proceedings thereupon, is more at large recorded in Matthew Paris Hist. Angl. Anno 1262, Editione Tyguri 1589. p. 200. where you may peruse it at leasure.

In the 5th. year of his reign (asx Met. Paris relates) Rex Johannes in COMITES & BARO∣NES occasiones praetendens, quod ipsuminter hostes re∣liquerant in partibus transmarinis, unde Castella, & terras suas pro eorum defectu amiserat, caepit ab eis sep∣timam partem omnium mobilium suorum (by grant, as I conceive in a Parliamentary Council) nec etiam ab hac rapina in Ecclesiis conuentualibns manus coercuit violentas. Yet I find no Writ of Sum∣mons to this Council in the Rolls of this year.

In the 6 year of his reign,y An. 1204. In cra∣stino circumcisionis venerunt ad Colloquium apud Ox∣oniam Rex & MAGNATES Angliae, ubi con∣cessa sunt Regi auxilia militaria de quolibet scuto, scil∣cet duae marcae & dimidia. Nec etiam Episcopi & Abbates, sive Ecclesiasticae personae, sine promiss one recesserunt.

In the 8 year of his Regality, asz King Iohn celebrated the day of our Saviours Naivity at Oxford; So it appears he likewise held a Par∣liamentary Page  [unnumbered] Council there, which granted him an ayd toward the recovery of his lands in France, and defence of the Realm of England, by these two Records that year.

Claus. 8. Iohan. Regis dors. 2. Rex Iustic. auxilii assidendi & Vic. Berks salutem: Sciatis quod Ab∣bas de Abbendon finivit nobiscum pro sexties cent. mar. pro habenda quietantia de dominicis feodis & hominibus omnibus tenentibus suis in Balliva vestra de anxilio Nobis proviso PER CONCI∣LIUM NOSTRUM OXON: et ideo vobis man∣damus quod ipse inde quietus sit. Et si quid inde per Nos incoatum suerit, penitus relax. Tu autem Vic. videas quod securus sis quod habe∣amus unam medietatem finis illius ad proxi∣mum clausum Pasche: Et aliam meditatem ad ptoximum festum Sancti Iohannis Baptistae. Alio∣quin capietur de firma tua. Et Justitiariis man∣datum est & libere tenentibus suis in ballivia tua quod faciant ei praedictum auxilium. Et si quid inde cepisti, id ei sine dilatione reddi fac. T.

Pat. 8. Iohan. Rs. m. 1. Rex Archidiacon, Of∣ficiali & toti Clero Archiepiscopatus Cantuar. Salutem. Notum satis, quod Archiepiscopi, Episcopi, Abbates, Priores, & Magnates regni nostri auxi∣lium Nobis fecerunt ad defensionem regni no∣stri & recuperationem terrarum nostrarum. Ve∣rum quia de vobis confidimns, quod Nos & o∣norem nostrum diligitis, & defensionem regni nostri, & recuperationem terrarum nostrarum affectatis, vos rogamus attentius, quatenus tale axilium Nobis exemplo accepto ex parte vestra faciatis, ut inde vobis gratias dare debeamus: Page  [unnumbered] Et quod alii Rectores Ecclesiarum intuitu ve∣stri ad auxilium Nobis faciendum exempio ve∣stro facilius inuitentur: t quantitatm auxilii quod nobis quilibet ipsorum sacre voluer it, quilibet vestrum seperatim faciat. Ita quod per ipsos in octabis Sanctae circumcisionis inde possimus testificari. Teste me ipso apud Ebor. 26. die Maii.

This same year the Arch-bishops, Bishops, Ab∣bots, Archdeacons, and Clergy of England by command from Pope Innocent, without the Kings Writ or consent, were called to, and resolved to hold a Council at Saint Albans, to pay Romescot in an unusual manner, and many other unaccustomed exactions, to the great pre∣judice of the Kingdom, and oppression of the people; whereupon the King upon the general complaint of the universality of the Earls, Ba∣rons, Knights, and other Subjects against those exactions & this Council, issued forth this memo∣rable Writ and Prohibirion, in preservation of the rights of the Crown, Kingdom, People, against this Papal usurpation and innovati∣on.

Pat. 8. Iohan. Rs. m. 1. Rex Archiepiscopis, Episcopis, Abbatibus, Archidiaconis, & omni clero apud Sanctum Albanum AD CONCILIVM convocato salutem. Conquerente universitate Comitum Baronum, Militum, & aliorum-fidelium nostro∣rum, audivimus, quod non solum in laiorum grave praejudicium, sed etiam in totius Regni no∣stri intolerabile dispendium, super Romescotto praeter consuetudinem soluendo, & aliis pluribus Page  [unnumbered] inconsuetis exacionibus, Autoritate summi Ponti∣sicis CONCILIUM inire, & CONCILIUM celebrare decrevistis. Nos vero licet ob honorem sidie nostrae & debitum reverentiae quod sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae impendere tenemur, voluntatem sancti Patris vestri Domini Papae Innocentiae obtemperare cupimus, tamen omittere non possumus quin quaerelis fide∣lium & subditorum nostrorum clamantium de jactura sua & timentium, prout necesse est, sibi subveniamus, & mergentibscausis quae indemp∣nitati pacis & unitati regni nostri obviare pos∣sunt, quanta decet celeritate & diligentia occur∣ramus. Vobis igitur praecise mandamus & ex∣presse prohibemus, ne super praedictis vel ali∣quibus aliis CONCILIUM ALIQUOD an∣thoritate aliqua in fide qua nobis tenemini te∣neatis, vel contra regni nostri consuetudinem aliquod novum statuatis, et sicut Nos & honorem nostrum, & communem regni tranquillitatem diligitis à celebratione hujusmodi CONCI∣LII & à praedictis taxationibus ad praesens super∣sedeatis, quousque cum universitate nostra super hoc COLLOQUIUM habuerimus. Scientes per certo, quod expediet honori sanctae Romanae Ec∣clesiae & domino Papae & Nobis & Vobis quod istud ad praesens negotium differatur, donec generalem ha∣buimus conferrentiam commodius & honestius explica∣ri. Et quod vobis hoc mandamus pro honore, & commodo sacrosanctae Ecclesiae, & vestri & regni nostri id feci∣mus: Quia talia audivimus quod hoc ita fieri necessa∣rio expedit, sicut vobis dicemus cum vobiscum locuti fuerimus. Teste me ipso apud Ebor. 26. die Maii.

Page  [unnumbered] Now because all Elections of Knights of Shiers, are and ought to be made in the next * County Court after the Writs for Elections come to the Sheriffs hands; I shall adde this memorable exposition of the Statute of Magna Charta, c. 35. made by the King and greater part of the Bishops, Earls, and Barons of the Realm without the Commons, touching the holding of Hundred Courts, Wapentakes, & Court Leets, omitted by Sir Edward Cook in his Commentary thereon, which it better explains than his Anno∣tations upon it.

Claus. 18. H. 3. m. 10. Rex Vic. Linc. salu∣tem. Quia audivimus quod tu & Ballivi tui, & Ballivi aliorum qui Hundredum habent in Comitatu tuo, non intelligitis qualiter Hundre∣da & Wapentake teneri debeant in Com. tuo, post∣quam concessimus omnibus de Regno nostro Libertates in cartis nostris quas indo fecimus, dum fimus infra aetatem. Nos eandem Ca••am nu∣per legi fecimus in praesentia Dom. CANIU∣AR. ARCHIEP. & MAJORIS & SANIO∣RIS PARTIS OMNIUM EPISCOPORUM, COMITUM ET BARONUM TO TIUS REGNI NOSTRI, UT CORAM EIS ET PER EOS EXPONERETUR haec clausula contenta in*Carta nostra de Libertatibus, viz. Quod nullus Vicecomes vel Ballivus faciat Turnum suum per Hundredum, nisi is in anno, & non nisi loco debito & consueto; viz. semel post Pascham, & iterum post festum sancti Michaelis. Ita scilicet quod qui libet habeat ibertates suas quas habuit & habere consuevit tempore H. Regis avi nostri, vel quas postea Page  [unnumbered] perquisivit. Unde à multis ibi dictum suit, quod t••pore H. Regis avi nostri tam Hundreda et Wapentac, quam curi•• Magnatum Angliae sole∣bant teneri de Quindena in Quindenam; Et licet multum placeret communi utilitati totius regni & indempnitati pauperum providere, quia ta∣men illi duo Turnii plene non sufficient ad pacem regni nostri conservandam, & ad excessus tam divi∣tibus quam pauperibus illatis corrigendos quae ad Hun∣dredum pertinent, De COMMVNI CONSI∣LIO praedict. Dom. CANTUAR. & OMNI∣UM praedict. EPISCOPORUM COMITUM, ET BARONUM, ET ALIORUM, ITA PRO∣VISUM EST. Quod inter praedictos duos Tur∣nos teneantur Hundredum & Wapentakia, & etiam curiae Magnatum de Tribus septimanis in Tres sep∣timanas, ubi prius teneri solent de Quindena in Quin∣denam. Ita tamen, quod ad illa Hundred a & VVapentakia & Curias non fiat generalis summo∣nitio, siut ad Turnos praedictos; set ad hujus∣modi illa VVapentakia & Curias convenient con∣querentes & adversarii sui, & illi qui sectas de∣bent, per quos teneantur placita & fiant judicia, nisi ita sit quod ad Hundreda illa & VVapentakia fieri debeat Inquisitio de placitis Coronae, sicut de morte hominis, Thesauro invento, & hujusmodi: ad quae inquirenda conveniant cum praedictis sectariis quatuor villatae proximae; scilicet om∣nes de illis villis qui necessarii fuerint ad Inquisi∣tiones illas faciendas. Et ideo tibi praecipimus, quod praedicta Hundreda VVapentakia & Curias tam Nostras quam aliorum teneri facias de ce∣tero secundum quod praedictum et de tribus Page  [unnumbered]sepeimanis in tres septimanas, exceptis praedictis duobus Turnit, qui de caetero teneantur secun∣dum quod prius teneri solebant. T. R. apud VVestm. 11. Octobris.

I shall only adde this one Record more, pro∣ving, that matters concerning Truces, were resol∣ved by King H. 3. the Spiritual and Temporal Lords in Parliamentary Councils, without any Knights, Citizens, or Burgesses.

Claus. 19. H. 3. m. 20. Rex Roberto de Lan∣geton, Archidiacono Cant. & Abbati de sancta Radegunda, salute, Super sollicitudine & dili∣gentia laudabili simul & laboribus sumptuosis quas circa negotium nostrum expediendum quod vobis injunximus apposuistis, urrique vestrum copiosas referrimus gratiarum actiones, vobis quidem magister S. praecipuas & speciales, ut∣pote ei cujus fidelitatem & prudentiam plu∣rimum commendamus. Sciatis autem quod CONGREGATIS apud VVestmon. in octabis sancti Hillarii vener: patribus G. Cantuar Archiepis∣copo, EPISCOPIS, COMITIBUS, ET ALIIS FIDELIBUS NOSTRIS. (to wit, the Ba∣rons and Great men, not Commons, as the sub∣sequent clause attests.) Post diligentem tracta∣tum habitum CUM IPSIS DE NEGOTIO TREVGARVM inter Nos & Regem Franciae & aliis agendis nostris, visum fuit iisdem fideli∣bus nostris, quod nullo modo sine verecundia & op∣probrio nostris Insulam de Olerone 〈◊〉potuimus Comiti Marchiae pro cōsensu suo adhibendo ad treugas inter nos ineundas, nec in co consilium Nobis praestare vel consentire voluerint. Sic enim praeter verecun∣diam Page  [unnumbered] quam inde consequeremus ab omnibus quibus factum nostrum innotesceret teneremur et pro re∣missis, et minus valentibus haberemur, et etiam pessimum & perniciosum exemplum aliis qui in casu consimili ad similia petenda per hoc moverentur. Vnde si per dcentas libras annuas Treugis du∣rantibus ad consensum Treugarum possitidem Comes induci pro Insula praedicta sicut alias lo∣cutum suit, bene placeret tam Nobis quam praedictis MAGNATIBVS NOSTRIS; et ad hoc laborare velitis, quia priori conditioni con∣sentire non esset honestum, vel expediens, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 27. Januarii.

I shall trouble you with no more Presidents or Records of this nature, by way of Preface to this first part of my Register, Kalender and Sur∣vey of Parliamentary Writs: In which I have pre∣sented you onely with the several Writs of Sum∣mons directed to the Spiritual and Temporal Lords, and Kings Counsil (their ordinary Assistants) in∣termixed with some other Writs, and several forms of Procurations, in my Observations on them; which relate wholly, or principally to the House of Lords, Convocations, and Clergy, a∣mounting to a just vendible Volume. The several forms, varieties of Writs issued to Sheriffs of Coun∣ties, Wardens, or Officers of the Cinque-Ports, Dukes of Lancaster, their Lieutenants, or Chancellors, and Sheriffs of particular Cities, Towns, Boroughsmade Counties within emselves) for electing Knights, Citizens, Burgesses, and Barons of the Ports (pecu∣liar to the House of Commons) with all sorts of Writs for proroguing, continuing, adjourning Page  [unnumbered]Parliaments, or superseding them after summons to them upon extraordinary occasions, (relating equally to both Houses of Parliament, and their Members) together with some special Writs of Summons to the Kings, Prelates, Nobles, Barons, Great Officers, and others of the Realms, Lands of Scotland and Ireland, to appear in, at, or be∣fore the Parliaments, Great Councils, Kings, or Privy Counsil in England, concerning the af∣fairs, or defence of Scotland and Ireland onely: as likewise to particular Merchants, Masters of Ships, Forresters, Lawyers, learned men of both Universities, and other Persons upon spe∣cial occasions, to attend the Parliament, King, Counsil; with my particular Observations on them, (which I at first intended to have publish∣ed in this Piece) I shall (if God send health, life, oportunity, and incouragement by a grate∣ful acceptance of these First-fruits) with all con∣venient speed, communicate to the World in A Second Part. After which, I shall in two or more distinct Volumes, present unto publick view several other kinds of Writs, relating to the Parliaments, Great Councils, Convocations and Clergy of England, to all sorts of proceedings in them, Cri∣minal, or Civil; the assessing, levying of the expences of Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of Parliament: of Dismes, Quidismes, Aids, Subsidies, Customs, Imposts, granted by them; with the disposing, releasing of them; the de∣fence of the Realm by Land or Sea in times of danger; the proclaming, observing of the Great Charters, Laws, and Liberties of England; and Page  [unnumbered] of Acts and Ordinances of Parliament newly enacted; with sundry other Rarities, which all former Writers of our English Parliaments have either totally omitted, or but briefly touched, and that very slightly; though of excellent use, and most ne∣cessary to be insisted on, for the information of their Readers, and benefit of Posterity.

Not to detain you with any longer Preface, I shall now leave you to the perusal of this First Part, distinct from those Parts I intend shall follow it; if embraced with that re∣spect, affection, and desire as it may justly ex∣pect and hope for from the Nobility, Gentry, Lawyers, Antiquaries and Heralds of the En∣glish nation. But if slighted, vilified, neglected, like old Almanacks or fashions grown quite out of use and request (though meer Novelties in their discovery & communication to the world, hither∣to unacquainted with them) I shall then resolve to cast no more such precious ancient*Pearls and Rarities beore swine; who wil neglect & trample them under their feet; but reserve them for my own private Cabinet, use, ornament, benefit, delight, and such learned Friends to whom I shal hereafter bequeath them, who will esti∣mate them according to their true intrinsecal worth, and prefer them before the most orient Pearls and Diamonds, which are only for shew, when as these are of greatest publick use, and will be so esteemed in future generations, how much soever slighted by the Athenians of this age, who like the old ones, Acts 17. 20, 21. spend their tie in nothing else but to tell or Page  [unnumbered] hear some new thing; preferring new Gloworms, Ignes fatui, and Prodigious Comets, shining onely in the night, before the Sun, Moon, and fixed Pla∣nets, which ten thousand times outshine, tran∣scend them both in splendor, magnitude, use, ex∣cellency, and publick benefit. It isaCicero his observation of old, Solis exortus, cursus, occasus ne∣mo admiratur propterea quod quotidie iunt; at c∣clypses solis mirantur, quia raro accidunt. Nulla nisi rara aut admirabili re commovetur animus. Which bSeneca thus seconds, Ita cōpositi sumus, ut nos quo∣tidiana, etiam si admiratione digna sunt, transeant: con∣tra, minimarum quoque rerum, si insolitae prodierunt, spectaculum dulce fiat. Hic quoque caetus astrorum, qui∣bus immensi corporis pulchritudo distringuitur, populum non convocat, sed cum aliquid ex more mutatum est, omnium vultus in coelo est. Nemo observat lunam nisi laborantem. Tunc urbes clamant, tunc pro se superstiti∣one vana trepidant. Quanta illa majora sunt, quod Sol totidem gradus quotidie habet & annum suo circuitu claudit; quod à solstitio diem inclinat, & noctibus spa∣cium dat, quod sydera abscondit, quod terras cum tanto major sit illis, non urit, sed calorem suum intentionibus & remissionibus temperando fovet; quod lunam nun∣quam implet, nisi adversam sibi, nec obscurat; haec ta∣men non annotamus quamdiu ordo servatur. Si quid turbatum est, aut praeter consuetudinem emicuit, specta∣mus, interrogamus, ostendimus. Idem in comae: is fit, &c. Adeo naturale est, nova, magis quā magna mirari: wch. is in truth both the sin & folly of our present fan∣tastick childish age, affecting, studying, delighting, admiring nothing but Novelties, as well in Theo∣logy, all kinds of Arts, Sciences, publick Govern∣ment, Page  [unnumbered] and Parliaments themselves, as ••ell as Fashions or Apparel, though never so prodigi∣ous, Heterodox, ridiculous or destructive. But however vertiginous Scepticks, and fantastick Gallants having more hair than brains, are wholly enamor∣ed, infatuated with New-Nothings, yet all judici∣ous Christians, Lawyers, Statesmen, (with ho∣ly and prudent KingcDavid (a man after Gods own heart) will consider the dayes of old, the years of ancient times: And according to Gods own pre∣cept, dstand in the wayes and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, that they may find ease for their souls: Concluding with holy Iob▪ewith the ancient is wisdom and understanding: And with our Saviours own resolution, wherwith I shall close up this Epistle,fNo man having drunk old wine, straitway desireth new; for he saith, THE OLD IS BETTER. Which is the experimental resolution of.

Your unfeined Friend and Servant, as well in relation to private as publick good, WILL. PRYNNE.

From my Study in Lincolns Inne,Ian. 26. 1658/1659.

Page  [unnumbered]

A Brief Register, Kalendar, and Survey of the severall kinds of all Parliamentary Writs; with usefull Observations on them.

THat all Great Councils of State, Parlia∣ments, Synods, Convocations held in Eng∣land, under the British, Saxon, Danish, Norman, English Kings successively reigning therein, were summoned by their Royal Writs, precepts, and held by their Authority alone, is a Truth irrefragable, which I haveaelswhere abundantly evidenced by Histories and Records, though all the Writs whereby they were summo∣ned till the reign of King Iohn, be no where extant, be∣ing consumed by the all-devouring jawes of time. The Writs of Summons to Parliaments and Great Councils of State, being the Corner-stones whereon they are founded, and best discovering the causes, ends for which they were summoned; instead of that Folio Register of them at large which I once intended to have published, I shall present you only with a Brief Register and Kalendar of some of the antientest and rarest of them, full of excellent variety and delight; and such Observations on and from Page  2 them, as may best instruct the Readers, rectify the mi∣stakes of some pretended Antiquartes who have written of our English Parliaments, writs of summons to them, and supply their defects, especially concerning the several forms and various kinds of Parliamentary writs, which they have rather touched than handled, being all very maimed and incompleat in this particular.

To avoid Confusion, I shall Marshall these Writs into several Squadrons, according to the quality of the per∣sons to whom they were directed, and that in a Chronolo∣gical Series, digesting them into distinct Sections, begin∣ning with those issued out to our Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors and Spiritual Lords or Barons of the Realm.

SECTION I.

Concerning Writs of Summons to Parliaments, Great Councils, Convocations, issued out to Archbishops, Bi∣shops, Abbots, Priors, and other Ecclestastical Barons of the Realm, who were Peers and Members of our Par∣liaments.

[ 1] THe first writ of Summons to Parliament of this (of any other) kind extant in History or Record, that I have seen, is in the 6. year of King Iohn, running in this Form of words.

b Mandamus vobis Rogantes quatenus omni occasione & dilatione postposita, sicut nos & honorem nostrum diligitis, sitis ad nos apud London die Dominica proxima ante Ascen∣sionem Domini, nobiscum tractatur de magnis & arduis ne∣gotiis nostris & Communi regni utilitate. Quin super his quae à Rege Franciae per nuncios nostros & suos nobi mandatae sunt, unde per Dei gratiam bonum speramus provenire, ve∣strum expedit habere consilium et aliorū Magnatum terrrae Page  3 nostrae quos ad diem illum & locum feimus convocari. Vos tiam ex parte nostra & vestra Abbtes & Priores Conven∣tuales totius Diocaesis citari faciatis ut Concilio praeicto inter∣sint, sicut diligunt nos & communem regni utilitatem. T. &c.

The 2. writ of this kinde extant on Record, is that [ 2] in 26 H. 3.

cHenricus, &c. venrabili in Christo patri Walero Eboracensi Archiepiscopo salutem. Mandamus vobis qua∣tenus sicut nos & honorem nostrum paritèr & vestrum diligi tis, & in fide qua nobis temmini, omnibus aliis negotiis omissis, sitis ad no apud London à die sancti Hillarii in XV dies, ad tractandum nobiscum, una cum caeeris magnatibus nostris quos similiter fecimus convocar, de arduis negotiis nostris statum nostrum & totius Regni nostri specialitèr tangenti∣bus & hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. me ipso, apud Windle∣soram XIV die Decembris.

There are some writs directed to the Archbishops, and Bishops in 38 H. 3. which seem much like a writ of Summons of the Clergy to a Convocation, which I shall here insert.

Claus. An. 38 H. 3. m. 7. dorso. Rex, R. Cantuar. Archiepscopo, totius Angliae Primati, salutem. Cum Rex Castellae nullo jure sed potentiae sua confisus, terram nostram Wasconiae cum multitudine Christianorum et Saracenorum in aestate prox. futura hostiliter sit ingressurus, prout alias vobis significavimus, quam quidem terram in tanto peri∣culo constitutam contra tam potentem Principem sine communi Regni nostri Angliae auxilio defendere non va∣lemus; dolentes si regnum praedictum, quod inter caete∣ros mundi Principatus probitate gentium florere sole, propter virium impotentiam aut segnitiem propriam suis viribus destitutum succumeret. Paternitaem vestram omni qua possumus affectione rogamus, quatenus Nos et jura nostra taliter indeensa non deserentes, cum om∣ni celeritate convocetis coram vobi▪ Capitulum vestrum Cathedrale, Archidiaconos, viros religiosos et Clerum vobis subjectum. Inducentes eos modis omnibus qui∣bus Page  4 poteritis, quod Nobis in tanta necessitate liber •••ter sub∣veniant et gratiose ad praedictae terrae nostrae defensionem, quod in ipsorum honorem verteur sempiternum: cum ex contra∣rio, hujus negotii eventu non tantum nobis, sed singulis regni nostri, personarum et rerum dampnum manifeste immineat periculosum. Proviso, quod aliqui viri discreti ex parte prae∣dictorum certificent CONSILIUM NOSTRUM apud Westm. in quindena Pasch: prox. futur. de modo et quan∣titate subsidii memorati. Salvis nobis promissionibus tunc solvendis ibidem a viris religiosis vestrae Diocaesis nobis factis in quindena sancti Hilarii prox. praeteriti. Et quia ordinariam Jurisdictionem exerceatis vacante sede in Episcopatu Lincoln, vos requirimus affectuose, quate∣nus Officialibus vestris ejusdem Episcopatus sciais at∣tente, quod tempestive convocent coram eis Capitulum Cathedralis Lincoln. Archidiaconos, viros religiosos & Clerum ejusdem Episcopatus ad certos diem & locum. Inducentes eos modis omnibus quod in hac necessitate no∣stra consimilem Nobis faciant subventionem, et quod certifi∣cent CONSILIUM NOSTRUM apud Westm. in prae∣dicta Quindena Pasch. per viros discretos ejusdem Epis∣copatus de modo & quantitate praedicti subsidii. Salvis no∣bis promissionibus a viris religiosis praedicti Episcopatus nobis factis in quindena sancti Hillaerii prox. praeteriti si∣cut praedictum est. In cujus, &c. T. A. Regina nostra, & R. Com. Cornub. fratre nostro, apud Windlesor 11 die Febr.

Eodem modo mandatum est Archiepiscopo Eborum, & singulis Episcopis totius Angliae, & Officialibus Bathon. & Wellen, Episcopi, nulla facta mentione de Episcopatu Linc.

This writ is no summons either to a Parliament, Coun∣cil, or Convocation of the Clergy, as it may seem to some men, but a special writ directed to the Archbishops and Bishops in their several Diocess, to summon their Chap∣ters, Archdeacons, Clergy, and the religious persons in their respective Diocesse before them, and to excite them to a free, voluntary, and liberal contribution to sup∣ply Page  5 and elieve the Kings necessities, for the defence of Gas••ig, against the intended invasion of the King of Castell, as the whole frame thereof demonstrates, and their several certificates of the manner and quantity of their aids, and the sums they would contribute in this necessity, required to be certified from every Bishoprick and Dioces to the Kings Council at Westminster by cer∣tain discreet men; with distinct promises by religi∣ous persons mentioned therein, do manifest beyond contradiction; Every Bishop, with the Clergy, and re∣ligious in every distinct Diocesse, being to meet and act apart herein by themselves, and not summoned to meet all together to advise and resolve concerning this aid re∣quested from them: Therefore though a writ fit to be inserted into this Register, yet I shall not enumerate it amongst the writs of summons to a Parliament, Councel, or Convocation.

The 3. Writ is that of 49 H. 3. [ 3]

dHenricus Degratia Rex Anglie, Dominus Hiber∣niae, & Dux Aquitaniae, veneraili in Christo pari R. E. piscopo Dunelmensi, salutem. Cum post gravia turbatio∣num discrimina dudum habita in regno nostro, Carissimus filius Edwardus primogenitus noster, pro pace in Regno nostro asscuranda & firmanda obses traditus extitisset, & jam se∣data (Benèdictus Deus) turbatione praedicta, super delibe∣ratione ejusdem salubritèr providenda & plena securitate & tranquillitate pacis ad honorem Dei & utilitatem totius Reg∣ni nostri firmanda, & totaliter complenda ac super quibusdam aliis Regni nostri negotiis quae sine Consilio vestro et alio∣rum Praelatorum et Magnatum nostrorum nolumus ex∣pediri, cum eisdem tractatum habere nos oporteat. Vobis man∣damus Rogantes in fide & dilectione quibus nobis tenemini, quod omni occasione postposita et negotiis aliis praetermissis, sitis ad nos Londoniis in octabis sancti Hillarii proximo fu∣turis, nobiscum et cum praedictis Praelatis & Magnatibus nostris, quos ibidem vocari fecimus, super praemissis tracta∣turiet Consilium impensuri; Et hoc sicut nos & honorem no∣rum & vestrum, Neonon et Commuem Regni nostri tran∣quillitatem Page  6 diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. Teste Rege apud Wigorn. 14. die Novembris.

The like writs (as appears by the Roll) were direct∣ed to the Archbishop of York, and 11 more Bishops; to 101 Abbots and Priors, to the Master of the Knights of the Temple in England, and to the Deans of York, Exon, Wells, Sarum and Lincoln.

[ 4] The 4. writ is that of 23 E. 1. m. 9. Dorso.*Edwar∣dus, &c. Venerabili in Christo Patri R. eadem gratia Can∣tar. Archiepiscopo, totius Angliae Primati salutem. Quia super quibusdam ar duis negoils Nos & regnum nostrum, ac vos caeterosque Praelatos de eodem Regno tangentibus, quae sine vestra et eorum praesentia nolumus expediri PARLIAMENTUM nostrum tenere, et vobiscum super hiis colloquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis man∣damus, quod in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini fimi∣ter injungentes, qu••enus sitis ad Nos apud Westm. primo die mensis Augusti prox. futur. vel saltem infra tertium di∣em subsequentem ad ultimum, Nobiscum super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullo modo omittatis. Teste meipso apud Album Mo∣nasterium XXIIII. die Julii. Per Breve de Privato Sigillo.

The like writs then issued to the Archbishop of York and 18. other Bishops; to the Master of the Order of Semplingham, the Master of the Knights of the Temple, the Prior of the Hospital of St. Iohns Ierusalem in England, and to 53. Abbots and Priors, whose names are recorded in the Rolls, over tedious to transcribe at large.

The same year 23. E. 1. there was another Parlia¦ment summoned by this memorable writ, the 5. I find upon Record.

[ 5] d

Rex venerabili in Christo Patri R. eadem gratia Cantuar. Archiepiscopo totius Angliae Primati, salutem. Sicut lex justissima provida circumspectione sacrorum principum stabilita horratur, Ut quod omnes tangit ab omnibus approbetur; sic & 〈◊〉 evienter: ut communibus periculis per remedia provisa communi∣ter Page  7 obvietur;
Sane satis nostis et am est, ut credimus, per universa mundi climta divulgatum, qualiter Rex Franciae, de terra nostra asconiae, Nos fraudulenter & cautelose decepit, eam Nobis nequiter deinendo. Nunc vero praedictis fraude et nequitia non contentus, ad expugna∣tionem regni nostr, classe maxima et bellatorum copiosa mul∣titudie congregatis, cum quibus regnum nostrum & regni ejusdem incolas hostiliter jam invasi, linguam Anglicam, si concepae iniquitatis proposito detest abili potest as correspondeat, quod Deus ave••at omnino de terra delere proponit. Quia igitur *Provisa jacula minus laedunt, & res vestra si∣cut caeterorum ejusdem regni communiter agitur in hc parte, Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus nobis e∣nemini firmiter injungentes, quod die Dominica prox. post festum sancti Martini in hieme prox. futura, apud Westm. PERSONALITER INTERSITIS. Praemunien∣tes Priorem & Capitulum Ecclesiae vestrae, Archidiaconos totumque Clerum vestri Diocaesis, facientes quod iidem Pri∣or & Archidiac. IN PROPRIIS PERSONIS SUIS, & dictum Capitulum per unum, idemque Clerus per duos Procuratores idoneos, plenam et sufficientem potestatem ab ipsis Capitulo et Clero habentes, una vobiscum in∣tersint modis omnibus tunc ibidem; ad tract and, ordinand. & faciend. nobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis & Proceribus & aliis incolis regni nostri, qualiter sit hujusmodi periculis et excogitatis malitis obviandum. Teste Rege apud Wenge∣ham 30 die Septembris.

The like Writs were then issued to the Arch Bishop of York, and 13 other Bishops there named, only with this diversity, Praemunientes Decanos et Capitula Ecclesia∣rum, Archidiaconos totumque Clerum suorum Dioc. facien∣tesque quod iidem Decani & Archidiaconi in propriis personis suis, & dict a Caepitula per unum, idemque Clrus per duos Pro∣curatores idoneos, plenam & sufficientem potestatem ab ipsis Capituis & Clero habentes, &c. as before. And with this peculiar different clase in the writ directed W. Bathon & Wellen. Episcopo. Praemunientes Priorem Bathon. & Ca∣pitulum 〈◊〉 & Decanum & Capitulum Wellen. Ec∣clesiarum Page  8 suarum, necnon Archidiaconos & Clerum, &c. And in the writ issued Coventr. & Lichf. Episcopo, Prae∣munientes Priorem & Capit. Coventr. & Decanum & Ca∣pitulum Lichf. necnon, &c. ut supra, Teste ut supra.

The like Writs were then sent to 66 Abbots and Pri∣ors there named omitting the whole clause of Praemu∣nientes, &c.) and to the Masters of the Knights of the Temple, and of the order of Semplingham, and to the Pri∣or of the Hospital of St. Iohn Ierusalem in England.

[ 6] The 6 writ is that of Claus. 24. E. 1. m. 7. Dorso.

Rex &c. R. &c. Cant. Arch. &c.* Vestra paternitas plane novit, qualiter vos & alii Praelati, & Clerus regni nostri apud Westm. ultimo congregati, in concessione pecuniae reddituum, & bene∣siciorum vestrorum ecclesiasticorum pro defensione regni e∣jusdem usque ad festum sancti Michaelis prox. futur. no∣bis facta, & sub spe ubrioris subsidii in futuro a vobis & aliis praestandi admissa, bonum et sufficiens nobis pro futuro tempore subsidium ob candem causam, nisi interim inter Re∣gem Franciae & nos Pacem reformari vel Treugas iniri con∣tingeret, dare promisistis unanimiter, liberaliter & libenter; cui quidem reformationi pacis vel initioni Treugarum dictus Rex Franciae hactenus non consensit. Quocirca vobis man∣damus in fide et dilectione quibus nobis te nemini fir∣miter injungentes, quod in crastino animarum prox. futur. apud sanctum Edmundum personaliter intersitis. Praemn∣nientes, &c. (as before) tunc ibidem, ad ordinandum de quantitate & modo subsidi memorati. Teste Rege apud Berewic. super Twede 26 die Augusti.

Page  9 The like writs issued. Custodi Archiepiscopatus Ebo∣rum, sede vacante; Electo Menevensi, vel ejus vices geren∣ti ipso agente in partibus transmarinis: et Electo Landa∣vensi; and to 17. Bishops more: It being usual then, and in succeeding times, to issue out writs to Bishops elect, and so to Abbots and Priors elect, before their consecrations or installments; and to Bishops Vicars, or Vicegerents, in case of their absence in forein parts.

The like writs were then directed to 68 Abbots, but not to one Prior, except of the Hospital of Ierusalem, and to the Masters of the Knights of the Temple, and Order of Semplingham: differing only in the Praemunientes, &c. and this close of the writs, Ad tractand. ordinand. & fa∣ciend. Nobiscum & cum caeteris Prelatis et Proceibus, et a∣liis Incolis regni nostri, qualiter sit hujusmodi periculis et excogitatis malitiis obviand. Teste ut supra.

The 7. writ is this of Claus. An. 25. E. 1. m. 6. dorso. [ 7]

Rex venerabili in Christo Patri eadem gratia R. Can∣tuar. Archiepisc. &c. salutem.* Quia super quibusdam arduis & urgentibus negotiis Nos et vos, ac totum reg∣num nostrum tangentibus, volumus, quod Edwardus filius nofler Karissimus, tenens locum nostrum in Ang∣lia, vobiscum colloquium habeat et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide et diectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod in instante crastino Sancti Michaelis London: ad eundem filium nostrum modis omnibus personaliter intersitis, cum eodem et caeteris de Consilio nostro qui ibidem aderint, super dictis ne∣gotiis tractaturi vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut honorem et commodum nostrum diligitis nul∣latenus omit tatis. Teste Edwardo fil. Regis apud San∣ctum Paulum London 9. die Septembris.

The like writs were directed to 6. other Bishops, 17. Abbots, 4. Priors, the Prior of the Hospital of St. Iohns of Ierusalem, and Mr. of the Templers.

The 8. writ is thus recorded in Claus. 27 Ed. 1. m. [ 8] 18. dorso.*

Rex venerabili in Christo Patri R. eadem gratia Cantu∣ar.Page  10 Arch. &c. slutem. Quia super negotiis nostris ultra∣marinis vobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis, ac Proceribus reg∣ni nostri, habere volumus colloquium et tractatum. Vo∣bis mandamus, &c. quod prima Dominica Quadragesimae ad Nos London. modis omnibus personaliter intersitis; Nobiscum ibidem, super dictis negotiis, &c. as in the next precedent writ. Teste Rege apud Pontem de Tayle 6. die Febr.

The like writs were sent to the Archbishop of York Angliae Primai; to 17 other Bishops, 34 Abbots, and 5 Priors, and all others omitted, or not entred on the Roll.

[ 9] The 9. VVrit is this in Clause Anno 27 E. 1. m. 16. Dorso.

Rex, venerabili in Christo Patri R. &c. Cantuar. Arch. &c.* Propter quaedam specialia et ardua negotia nos, & statum regni nostri tangentia quae noviter emerserun, & quae sine praesentia vestra nolumus expedire; Vos affe∣ctuose requirimus et rogamus quatenus sitis ad nos apud Westm. in quindena Pachae prox. nunc ventur. omnibus praetermissis, ad tractandum nobiscum super eisdem nego∣tiis, ac etiam vestrum consilium impendend. prout Do∣minus inspirabit. Et hoc sicut de vobis confidimus et honorem nostrum diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. Re∣ge apud Westm. 10 die Aprilis.

The like writs are issued to 16 Bishops and 26 Ab∣bots, without any Priors or other Ecclesiastical per∣sons.

[ 10] The 10. is this writ, in Claus. 27 E. 1. m. 9. dorso.

Rex venerabili, &c. R. Cantuar. Arch. &c.* Propter quaedam ardua negotia Nos et vos de regno nostro, ejus{que} statum urgent. tangentia; Vos rogamus specialius scimus possumus, vobis nihilominus injungendo mandamus, quatenus in prox. festo Sancti Lucae Evangelistae apud Novum Templum London personaliter intersitis: ad ha∣bendum un cum aliis fidelibus nostris qui intererunt, deliberationem et consilium super praedictis negotiis vo∣bis tunc ibidem ex parte vestra (nostra rather) plenius ex∣ponend. Page  11 Et hoc amore nostri nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Ledes 21 die Septembris.

The like writs then issued to 4 more Bishops, 4 Earls, and 5 Lords only, and no more, without any other Bi∣shops, Abbots, Priors, or Temporal Lords mentioned in the Roll. Whence I conceive it rather a summons to a private Consultation, than a Common Council or Parlia∣ment, the frame of the whole writ importing as much, and that following it at the heels.

The 11. is a writ of Summons to a Parliament, recor∣ded [ 11] in the dorse of the same Membrana.

*Rex ven. in Christo Patri R. &c. Cantuar. Arch. &c. Quia ad salvationem Coron nostrae Regiae, et communē utili∣tatem populi regni nostri secunda Dominica Quadragesimae prox. futur. London. PARLIAMENTUM tenere, & vo∣biscum, et cum cteris Praelatis necnon Magnatibus & Pro∣ceribus ejusdem regni super negotiis nos et idem regnum nostrum contingentibus, speciale colloquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod ad dictos diem et locum person aliter intersitis Nobiscum, & cum caeteris Prae∣latis, Magnatibus et Proceribus praedictis, super dictis nego∣tiis tractauri, vestrumque consilum impensuri. Praemuni∣entes, &c. as before, p. 7, 8.) Ad faciendum et consenti∣endum hiis quae tunc de Communi Consilio Deo favnte ordi∣ar cntigerit, vel etiam pro utilitate dicti regni providere; Et hoc sicut honorem nostrum regnique praedicti commodum diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Berewicum super Twedam, 29 die Decembris.

Writs of like form are directed to 17. Bishops more, and likewise Custodibus Episcopatus Lincoln. sede vacan∣te: et Capitulo Ecclesiae beati Petri Eborum, Custodibus spi∣rtuallum ejusdem Diocaes. sede vacants: with this special clause superadded; Quod ad praedictos diem et locum suffi∣cientem Procuratorem plenam a vobis potestatem habentem mittatis ad tractand. Nobiscum, et cum praedictis Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus super negotiis antedictis, et prae∣bendum nomine vestro consilium et assensum hiis quae ibidem Page  12 tnc contigerit ordinari. Praemunientes Archidiac. in Ec∣clesia vestra, toumque Clerum Eboracnsis Diocaes. facien∣tes{que} &c. as in p. 7, 8, &c. The like writs then issued to 73 Abbots; but to no Prior, except of St. Iohns Ieru∣salem in England, & Fratribus et Magstro Militiae Tem∣pli in Anglia, et Mgistro de Semplingham.

[ 12] The 12. is the writ in Claus. 28 E. 1. m. 3. dorso.

Rex, venerabili in Christo Patri R. eadem gratia Can∣tuar. Archiepiscopo, &c.* Cum nuper pro Communi utilitate populi regni nostri conesserimus, quod Carta de Foresta in singulis suis articulis firmiter observaretur, assignando quos∣dm de fidelibus nostris in singulis Comitatibus ejusdem reg∣ni in quibus Forestae nostrae existunt, ad perambulationem in eisdem Forestis faciendam. Ita quod per ambulationem il∣lam distincte et aperte factam ad Nes antequā aliqua execu∣tio vel aliquid aliud inde fieret reportarent, et quod jur amen∣tum nostrum, jus Coronae Angliae, rationes & calumpniae alio∣rum omnium salva forent. Nos licet dilects et fideles nostri nunc primò ad Nos detulerunt quod fecerint in negotiis me∣moratis, quia tamen Praelaci, Comites & caeteri Magnates dicti regni in quorum praesentia nostras, & aliorum proponi et audiri volumus rationes, et de quorum Consilio in eodem ne∣gotio, prout alias diximus, intendimus operari: maxime cum ip••ad observandum et manutenendum ura Re∣gis et Coronae nostrae praedictae, una Nobiscum uramen∣ti vinculo sint astricti,* a la•••, nostum tunc ten p•••is non fuerunt; ac pro eo scilicet quod illi qui suas rationes quaenus illud negotium illos ang it proponere habeant, inde praemun••i non erant, eidem negotio sine ipsorum Consilio-inem imponere non potuimus BONO MODO. Et quia negotium illud quantum possumus cupmus maturare, ita quod per Nos non foret quin absque ulterioris dilationis incommodo effectum de∣bitum sortiri (posset.) Volentes cum Praelatis, Comiti∣bus, Baronibus ac Magnatibus supradictis ac aliis e Communitate dicti Regni super hoc, et quibudam aliis negotiis, Nos et Statum regni praedicti tangentibus, ha∣bere colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fi∣de et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injun∣gentes, Page  13 quod sitis ad Nos ad PARLIAMENTUM NOS∣TRUM apud Lincoln. in Octabis sancti Hillarii prox. futur. Nobiscum ibidem, una cum caeeris Praelatis et Proceribus praedictis super praemissis tractaturi, vestrum∣que consilium imensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos, & commo∣dum regni nostri praedicti diligitis, nullatenus omittatis, Teste Rege apud le Rose. 26 die Septembris.

The like writs were sent to the Archbishop of York, Angliae Primati, and to 17 Bishops more: to 80 Ab∣bots; but no Prior except Prior Hospitalis Sancti Johan∣nis Ierusalem in Anglia; Magistro Ordinis de Sempling∣ham, Magistro Milit. Templi in Anglia.

The 13. and 14. writs are of this form registred in Clau∣so [ 13] Ann. 30 E. 1. m. 〈◊〉. 9. dorsi.

Rex, &c. R. &c. Canuar. Archiepisc. &c.* Quia su∣per quibudam arduis negotiis Nos & vos totumque reg∣num nostrum specialiter tangentibus quae sine vobis et caeteris Praelatis ac Proceribus dicti regni nostri nolumus expediri, vobiscum et cum eisdem Praelatis ac Proceti∣bus habere volumus Colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. quod in Octabis Nativ. Sancti Iohannis Baptitae prox. futur. ad ultimum apud Westm. modis om∣nibus personaliter intersit is Nobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis ac Proceribus supradictis, super dicts negoiis tractaturi, &c. T. Rege apud Thurrock Grey 2. die Iu∣nii.

Rex, &c. R. Archiepise, Cantuar. &c.* Licet vos non la∣teat, [ 14] quod in Parliamento nostro, habito London hiis diebus extitit ordinatum, ut ad providendum consulcius & salubri∣us ordinandum super negotiis de quibus tract atum fuit in eo∣dem Parliamento et aliis, super quibus pro commodo et secu∣ritate rgni ostrs et ••colarum ejusdem tractandum, videi∣tur Parliamentum iteratum in prox. festo sancti Mïcha∣elis London habeatur; ex habundanti tamen vobis in fide et dilectione quibus nobis tenemini firmiter injungendo mandamus, quod edem futuro Parliamento aliis qui∣buscunque negotiis praetermissis personaliter intersitis. T. Re∣ge apud Westm. 24 die Julii.

Page  14Consimiles literae dirigunur subscriptis, viz. I. Karliol. Episcopo, &c. (with 〈◊〉 more names of Bishops 〈◊〉 Ab∣bots, 〈…〉 temporal Lords) is written under both these writs.

[ 15] The 15. writ of Summons is thus framed: Claus. An. 33 E. 1. m. 8. dorso.

Rex, &c. W. eadem gratia Episcopo Wigorniae salutem. Licet hactenus vobis mandavimus quod esseis ad No a∣pud Westm. ad Parliamentum nostrum quod in Octa∣bis nativitatis beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur. tenere volumus Deo dante. Vobis nihilominus iterato mandamus in fide, &c. quod die dictarum Octab. vel in crastino earun∣dem ad vltimum aliis omnibus praetermissis intersitis. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Rothing 27 die Au∣gusti. Per Breve de privato sigillo.

Consimiles literae dirigunur subscriptis, mutatis mu∣tandis. W: Coventr. & Lichf. Episcopo, Abbati W stm: Abbati de Waverle: and to 2. Earls, and 9. more there named.

[ 16] The 16. writ, varying in its recital from all the former in regard of the death of E. 1. and the new government, espousals, and coronation of King Edw. 2. is this.

e Edwardus Deigratia Rex Angliae, Dominus Hiberniae, & Dux Aquitaniae, Ven. in Christo patri W. eadem gra∣tia Eborum Archiepiscopo Angliae Primati, salutem. Quia super quibusdam Negotiis nos in ista recenti susceptione re∣giminis regni nostri, tam videlicet super humatione corporis celebris memoriae Domini Edwardi quondam Regis Angliae genitoris nostri, cujus animae propitietur Dus, quam super solempnitate nostrorum Sponsalium, et Coronationis nostrae auctore Deo celebr and. aliis{que} arduis negotiis statum ejus∣dem regni contingentibus, vobiscum et cum caeeris Prae∣latis & Magnatibus de eodem regno habere volumus Colloquium speciale et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. quod in Quindena sancti Michaelis prox. futur. &c. apud Northampton personaliter intersitis Nobiscum & cum aliis Praelatis & Magnatibus, &c. Praemunientes Decanum et Archidiaconos, &c. (as in former writs) ad Page  15 faciend. & consentiend, &c. T. meipso aqud Comenok, 26 die Augusti, Anno regni nostri primo.

Eodem modo scribitur to 18 Bishops there named 〈…〉 Abbots with other Ecclesi∣astical Barons.

The 17. writ is this: Claus. Anno 1 E. 2. m. 11. dor∣so. [ 17]

Rex venerabili in Christo Patri W. Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rum Angliae Primati, salutem:* Quia super diversis et arduis negotiis No et statum regni nostri tangentibus, &c cum caeteris Praelatis, Proceribus, et aliis fidelibus nostris de eodem regno Colloquium et tractatum habere, et PAR∣LIAMENTUM tenere proponimus Domino concedente. Vobis mandamus, &c. quod prima Dominica Quadra∣g simae prox. futur. apud Westm. &c. intersitis, Nobiscum ibidem et cum caeteris Praelatis et Magnatibus, &c. (as before) T. Rege apud Douorr. 19 die Januar.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. A. Patriarch. Jerusalem, et Episcopo Dunelm: and 〈◊〉 Bishops more: the rest 〈…〉 Abbots 〈…〉 in the Roll.

The 18. writ is in Claus. Anno 1 E. 2. m. . . dorso. [ 18]

Rex ven. &c. W. eadem gratia Archiepisc. Eborum, &c. Quia super diversis negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri tangentibus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Dominica in Quindena Paschae, prox. futur. tenere proponimus Do concedente. Vobis mandamus, &c. ibidem Nobiscum et cum Praelatis & caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus de regno praedicto, &c. T. Rege apud West. 10 die Martii.

Eodem modo mandatum est, to•• Bishops, with 〈…〉 Abbots, 〈◊〉 named particularly in this Roll.

The 19. writ, is in Claus. Anno 2 E. 2. m. 20. Cedu∣la. [ 19]

Rex, ven. &c. R. eadem gratia Cantuar. Archiepiscopo &c.* Quia diversa negotia Nos et statum regni nostri tangen∣tia super quibus vobiscum et cum caeeris Praelatis et Mag∣natibus ejusdem regni in PARLIAMENTO NOSTRO Page  16 quod nuper post Coronationem nostram summoneri fecimus, tractare incepimus, propter aliquod impedimentum interveni∣ens quod, benedicto Altissimo, modo cessat, adhuc remanent pertractanda; per quod PARLIAMENTUM NOS∣TRVM apud Westm. à die Sancti Michaelis prox. futur. in tres Septimanas tenere disposuimus Domino concedente. Vobis mandamus, &c. (without a Praemunientes, &c.) et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum atque vestrum, commodumque dicti regni diligitis nullatenus omitta∣tis. T. Rege apud Langele 16 die Augusti.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. W. Archi∣episcopo Eborum, Angliae Primati, A. Patriarch. Ierusa∣lem, et Episcopo Dunelm. &c. without more names of Bishops or Abbots in the Roll.

[ 20] The 20. writ is thus entred, Claus. Anno 2 E. 2. m. 14. Cedula.

Rex, &c. A. eadem gratia Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c.* Quia super quibusdam arduis negotiis Nos et statum, &c. vobiscum et cum aliis Praelatis, Proceribus, et Magnati∣bus ejusdem regni habere volumus tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. quod suis ad Nos apud Westm. secunda Dominica Quadragesimae, &c. Nobiscum et cum caeteris &c. super praemissis Colloquium habituri, &c. T. Rege a∣pud Langeleye S die Ianuarii.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. W. Archiep. Eborum. Angliae Primati, A. Patriarchae Ierus. et Epis∣copo Dunelm. R. Electo Dublin. Episcopo, &c. without more names of Bishops or Abbots.

[ 21] The 21. writ is registred, Claus. 2 E. 2. m. 11. dors.* directed to the Archbishop of Canterbury, in the same form as the last, with an addition only of Praemunientes Priorem, &c. (not in the former) a die Paschae prox. fu∣tur. in unum mensem apud Westm. &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 4. die Martii.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis mutatis mutandis quoad Decanos et Capitula, et Priores et Capitula, viz. W. Arch. Ebor. A. Patriarch. Jerus. et Ep. Dunelm. J. Karlio, &c. without more names.

Page  17 The 22. is Claus. 2. . 2. m. 0, dorso. [ 22]

Rex, &c. R. &c. Cantuar. Archiepsc. &c.* Quia Treu∣ga sive sufferentia quam ad requi sitionem magnifici Principis Domini Philippi Regis Francorum illustris Patris nostri carissimi, Scot is inimicis, et ••bellibus nostris usque ad certum tempus concessimus duratur. per ipsos Scotos qui nunc pejora quam ante captionem suffer 〈◊〉 praedictae commiserant, com∣mittere non verentes, contra Nos t fideles nostros in illis par∣bus existentes, faudulenter & hostiliter insurgunt, castra, villas, terras, et tenmenta tam nostra quam fidelium nostro∣um ibidem nequier occupando necnon depraedationes, incen∣dia et homicidia multiplicilen perpetr ado, ullaetenus observa∣tur, quod vos et alios de rego nostro cred mus non latere; Nos dictorum Scotorum proterviam et nequitiam hujusmodi cum Dei uxilio depimere cupientes, et super hoc vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis et Proceribus regni nostri volentes habere Colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, quod die Dominica prox. post festum Sacti Jacobi Aposto∣li prox. futur. sitis ad Nos apud Staunford, Nobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum et vestrum ac co∣modum regni 〈◊〉 deigitis nullatenus omittais. T. Rege apud Westm. 11 die Junii.

The 23. writ is enrolled in Claus. Anno 3 E. 2. m. 17. [ 23] dorso.

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Eborum. &c. Quan∣t•• au aciae quantaeque temeritatis sun hiis diebus opera Roberti de Brus, Inimici et Rebellis, et Proditoris nostri, suorumque Complicum et Fautorum, Nobis et dicto regno nostro dampnosa, quotiens hujusmodi Inimici no∣stri perturbaverint idem regnum, quot eiam malorum et machinationum genera Treugis ipsis ad requisiionem magniici Principis Domini Philippi Regis Francorumil∣lustr. Kaissimi Patris nostri concessis pendentibus, pro∣ditionibus solio sicut aslueta non relinquere volen∣tes erga No, praefatumque regnum minime perpetrare verebantur, Castra, villas, erras et tenementa tam no∣stra quam fidelium nostrorum ausu emerario invadendo et aliqua obsidendo, et (proh dolor!) pejora accmu∣lantes Page  18 prioribus, quibusdam fidelibus nostris nequiter in∣terfectis, depraedationes, rapinas, et alia enormia multi∣pliciter commiserunt, vos et alios de dicto Regno no∣stro credimus non latere. Volentes igitur super hiis, ac aliis arduis negotiis Nos et statum regni nostr tangentibus vobiscum, et cum caeteri Praelatis, Proceribus, et Magnati∣bus ejusdem regni habere Colloquium et tractaium. Vobis mandamus, &c. sitis personaliter ad Nos apud Eborum, die Dominica prox. post festum Purificationis beatae Mariae prox. futur. Nobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, Proceribus et Magntious, &c. (without any Praemunientes, &c.) T. Rege apud Eborum 26. die Octobris.

In the Eodem modo mandatum est, &c. 3. Bishops on∣ly are named with an &c.

[ 24] The 24. writ I find in Claus. Anno 4 E. 2. m. 1. Dor∣so.

Rex, &c.*R. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia prop∣ter plura et ardua negotia Nos et statum regni••ostri tan∣gentia die Dominica prox. ante festum Sancti Laurenii prox. futur. ordinavimus, Deo propitiLon••n, Parlia∣mentum tenere, et vobiscum et cum 〈◊〉 Praelatis et Proceribus, &c. habere Colloquium et tractatum. Vo∣bis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes Priorem et Capitu∣lum Ecclesiae vestrae, &c. T. Rege apud Berewic. super Tweam, 16 die Junii. Per Breve de privato sigillo.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis mutatis mutandis quoad Decanos et Capitula, et Priores et Capitula, viz. Arch. Eborum, Angliae Primati, I. Karliol. Episcopo, &c. without more names.

[ 25] The 25. writ is registred in Claus. 5 E. 2. m. 17. Dor∣so.

Rex, &c. R. Archiep. Cantur. &c. Quia i ultimo PAR∣LIAMENTO nostro apud Westm. habito propter solempni∣tatem festi Nativitatis Domni supervenientis diversa et ardua negotia Nos et statum regni nostri, aliarumque terrarum nostrarum multiplicite•••genia, non potuimus, si∣cut spor abamus expedire: 〈◊〉 ALIUD PARLIA∣MENTVM apud Westm.〈◊〉 Dominica Quadragesi∣mae Page  19 prox. futur 〈◊〉, 〈◊〉 vobiseum et cum caeteis Praela∣tis ac Procribus dicti regni super pr•••ssis 〈◊〉 Domi∣no finaliter portract andis haber proponius Colloquium et tractatum. Vobis 〈◊〉, &c. Nobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, ac cum Proceribus praedictis, aliisque fidelibus nostris, super memortis nego••• tractat••• &c. Praemunienes Prio••m et Capi. &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 19 die Decembri

Consimiles literae diriguntur Viari generali Aroio∣piscopi Eborum, ipso Archiepiscopo in••motis agete, &c. without more names of Bishops or Abbots.

The 26. Writ is entred Claus. An. 5. E. 2. m. 11. 13. dors. [ 26]

Rex, &c. R. &c. Archiepisco to Cantuar. &c.* Quia prop∣ter plra et ardu Negoia, No &c. die Doinica prox. post festum beatae Mariae Magdalenae prox. futur. ordi∣navimus Deo propitio apud Lincol. Palimentum ene∣re, et vobiscum, cum caeteris Praelatis t Proceribus de dicto regno, &c. Praemuientes Priorem & Capit. T. Re∣ge apud Eborum.

Eodem modo scribiur▪ subscriptis mutat. muandis quoad Decanos et Capit. &c. viz. Arch. Eborum Angliae Primati. Carliol Epise. without more names.

The 27. Writ is recorded, Claus. An. 6. E. 2. m. 31. [ 27] Dorso.*

Rex, &c. R. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Qia tertia Dominica Quadragessimae prox. futur, ordinavimus Deo propitio apud Westm. Parliamentum teere et obiscum, ac cum caeteris praeltis et proeribus regni nostri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Windesor 8 die Ianu∣arii.

Eodem modo sribitur, &c. Arch. Eborum. Angl. Prima∣ti, R. London, Episcopo, &c. without more names.

The 28. is this memorable special writ of Summons to [ 28] a special extraordinary Council held at London.

Claus. An. 6. E. 2. m. 2. dorso. Rex vener. in Chri∣sto Patri R. eadm gratia Lond. Episcopo, slutem. Datum est nobis intelligi quod Scoti, inimici et rebelles nostri terram nostram Scotiae occupantes, Cstra, villas, et alia Page  20 loca usurparunt et devastarunt, et his similibus non con∣tenti Regnum nostrum Angliae in diversis partibus sunt ingressi, homicidia, depiaedationes, incendia, et alia damna innumera perpetrantes, Ecclessiae sacrae aut locis aliis Deo dedicatis non parcentes in hac parte; Et quia praemissa non solum in nostri dampnum▪ verum etiam in destructionem Ecclesiae, et locorum praedictorum et ani∣marum grave periculum, (ad quorum salvationem vos u∣na nobiscum oportunas vires decet extendere) dinoscun∣tur gravius redundare, per quod injunximus venerabili∣bus Patribus W. Wygorn. Episcopo, Custodi magni Sigilli nostri, et I. Bathon. & Wellen. Episcopo, et dilecto et fideli Nepoi nostro Gilberto de Clare Comiti Glouc. et Hereford. quaedam vobis et quibusdam aliis Praelatis de dicto regno nostro super praemissis; sitis in propria perso∣na vestra, vel per sufficientem Procuratorem à vobis ple∣nam potestatem habentem London. die Jovis prox. post festum Sanctae Trinitatis prox. futur. ad tractandum una cum praefat is Episcopis, et Comite, et aliis quae ibidem ex hac causa sunt vocati super negotiis antedictis, et ad consentiendum hiis quae tune in eisdem contigerit ordi∣nari. Et hoc sicut Dei et Ecclesiae suae, ac nostri ac ve∣stri honorem diligitis, et dampna hujusmodi in dicto reg∣no desideraveritis, evitari. T. Rege apud Door. 23 die Maii.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. Episcopo Winton, Episc. Excestr. Episc. Norwyc. Episc. Eliens. Ep. Sarum: Custodi Spiritualitatis Arch. Cant. quod sint personiliter: Episc. Roff. Episc. Lincoln. Per se, vel per Procurat. Episc. Meneven. personaliter.

[ 29] The 29. writ is registred Claus. An. 6 E. 2. m. 3. dorso.

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Eborum, &c. Licet ad requisiionem Sanctissimi in Christo Patris Domini Cle∣mentis divina providentia Summi Pontificis, ncnon Domini Regis Franciae nostri Karssimi patris, jam sumus ad partes transmarinas profecturi, pro arduis negotiis statum Ducatus nostri praedicti diver simode contingentibus, quae sine nostra praesentia, ut per quosdam Magnates et Amicos nostros, et Page  21 Ministros nostros partium illarum intelleximus feliciter ex∣pedire non poterint reformandis. Quia tamen à partibus il∣lis in brevi Deo propitio in Angliam redire proponimus, et PARLIAMENTUM NOSTRUM in Quindena Nati∣vitatis S. Johannis Baptistae prox. futur. apud Westm. tenere, et vobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis et Proceribus regni nostri, super diversis negotiis Nos et statum dicti regni nostri, ac expeditionem guerrae nostrae Scotiae specialiter tan∣gentibus habere Colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Douorr. 23. die Maii.

Eodem modo scribitur, viz. Custodi Archiepiscopatus Canuar. sede vacante, R. London. I. Lincoln. &c. with∣out more names.

The 30. writ in Claus. Anno 7. E. 2. m. 27. dorso, [ 30] runs thus.

Rex, &c. W. eadem gratia Archiepisc. Eborum, &c. Cum diversa et ardua negotia Nos, et statum regni nostri tangentia, super quibus in Parliamento quod apud Westm. in Quindena Nativitatis St. Johannis Baptistae prox: praeteri∣ta fecimus summoneri, proposueramus Vobiscum et cum cae∣teris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus regni nostri habu∣isse Colloquium et Tractatum, ob aliquas certas rationes adhuc remaneant indiscussa; per quod ordinavimus Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Westm. die Dominica prox: post festum S. Mathaei Apostoli prox. futur. tenere; et vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, &c. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 26. die Iulii.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, Custod. Archie∣piscopatus Cantuar. sede vacante, Custodi Episcopatus Lon∣don. sede vacante, J. Episcopo Lincoln. S. Episc. Sarum, &c. without more names paricularized.

The 31. writ is this of Claus. Anno 7 E. 2. m. 16. dor∣so. [ 31]

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Eborum, &c.* Quia super diversis negotiis Nos, &c. tangentibus, Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Westm. die Dominica in Quindena Pasch. Page  22 prox. futur. tenre proponimus Domino concdente. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 6. die Decembris.

Eodem modo mandatum subscriptis, viz. Custod. Spi∣ritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Cantuar. sede vacante, muta∣tis mutandis, London. Episcopo, I. Lincoln. Episcopo, &c.

[ 32] The 32. sort of writs, you may find in Claus. Anno 8 E. 2. m. 45. dorso.

Rex, &c. W. eadem gratia Archipisc. Cantuar. &c.* Quia super diversis et arduis negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri, et maxime Terrae nostrae Scotiae specialiter tangentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Eborum die Lu∣nae in crastino Nativitatis beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur▪ tenere, et vobiscm, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni habere proponimus Colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Eborum. 29 die Julii. Per Breve de pri∣vato sigillo.

Eodem modo mandatum est Subscriptis, mutatis mutan∣dis, viz. W. Arch. Eborum, Angliae Primati, J. Lincoln. Episcopo, &c.

The same writ verbatim, issued this year to the sme Archbishop; Claus. 8 E. 2. m. 29. dorso. Rex, &c. pre∣scribing Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm: in Octabi S. Hillarii prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. habere proponimus Colloquium et tractatum, &c. T. Rege a∣pud Spalding 24 die Octobris: There being 3. Bishops only named in the Eodem modo mandatum est.

[ 33] The 33. writ I meet with in Claus. Ann. 9. E. 2. m. 22. dorso. Rex, &c.* the same in terminis with the two last▪ but in the place and time of the Parliament, viz. Parlia∣mentum nostrum apud Lincoln, in Quindona Sancti Hilla∣rii prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. meipso apud Empington, 16 die Octobris. The Archbishop of York, and Bishop of Lincol with an, &c. are only mentioned in the Eodem modo mandatum est.

[ 34] The 34. writ of summons runs in the ordinary form. Clas. Anno 12 E. 2. m. 29. in Cedula pendente.

Page  23Rex &c. W. &c. ant. Arch. &c.* Quia, &c. Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Eborum à die Sancti Michaelis prox. futur▪ in tres Septimanas tenere, et vobiscum, &c. T. Rege apud Notingham 25. Augusti: Per Regem et Consilium. There are but 4. Bishops specified with an &c. in the Eodem modo.

The 35. is Claus. An. 12 E. 2. m. 11. dorso,* to W. [ 35] Archbishop of York, the same verbatim with the last, but in Parliamentum nostrum apud Eboum à die Paschae in u∣num mensem tenere: T. Rege apud Eborum 28 die Martii, Per ipsum Regem. Five Bishops with an &c. are men∣tioned in the eodem modo.

The 36. in Claus. 13 E. 2. m. 13. dorso.* agrees with [ 36] these later writs: but in Statum Regni nostri, et Ducatus nostri praedicti specialiter tangentibus, Parliamentum no∣strum apud Eborum in Octabis Hillarii prox. futur. tenere, &c. T. Rege apud Eborum, 6 die Novembr. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium. In the eodem modo 5. Bishops are mentioned with an, &c.

The 37. is Claus. 13. E. 2. m. 29. dorso. [ 37]

Rex, &c. W. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c.* Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae in octabis S. Mich. prox. futur. teneri, &c. without Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 5. die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem. In the eodem modo, 5 Bishops are nominated with, &c.

The 38. writ I meet with is in Claus. 14 E. 2. m. 5. dorso. [ 38]

Rex, W. &c. Archiepisc. Cant. &c.* Parliamentum no∣strum apud Westm. a die Nativitatis S. Iohannis Baptistae, prox. futur. in tres Septimanas tenere, &c. with a Praemu∣nientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 25 die Maii. Per ip∣sum Regem. In the eodem modo 5. Bishops with an &c. are specified.

The 39. writ in Claus. 15 E. 2. m. 16. dorso, W. Ar∣chiep.* [ 39] Cantuar. agrees verbatim with the last before; but in Parliamentum nostrum apud Ebotum, a die Paschae prox. futur, in tres Septimanas tenere, &c. T. meipso apud Dr∣by, 14. die Martii. Per ipsum Regem. There are Page  24 only 5. Bishops with &c. in the eodem modo.

[ 40] The 40. writ in Claus. 16 E. 2. m. 26. dorso, hath this recital.

Rex, &c. W. &. Archiep. Eborum, &c.* Cum jam re∣gressi sumus de partibus Scotiae, et in partibus Novi Ca∣stri super Tynam, ad refraenand. Scotorum inimicorum et rebellium nostrorum obstinatia et malitia, si forsan partes regni nostri hostiliter ingredi attentaverint isto tempore, hic malui cum manis potenti moram facere, et in instanti seisona aestivali ad easdem paries Scotiae ad ipsorum inimicorum no∣strorum proterviam cum Dei adjutorio finaliter conterend. proficisci proponimus; et super hiis et aliis arduis negotis Nos et statum regni nostri et dictam terram Scotiae tangen∣tibus, vobiscum ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni nostri apud Rippon, die Dominica prox. post festum S. Martini prox. futur. ordinavimus habe∣re colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, without a∣ny Praemunienes, &c. T. Rege apud Novm Castrum su∣per Tynam, 1. die Septembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo scribitur W. Arch. Cantuar. totius Angliae Primati: and 3. more there named with &c.

[ 41] The 41. wri, is this in Claus. 18. E. 2. m. 21. dorso.

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Eborum, &c.* Quia ad partes Ducatus nistri Aquitaniae, de quo Rex Franciae malitiose nos exhaerediare proponit, in succursum ejusdem Ducaus nostri passagū nostrum ordinavimus, Domino dispo∣nente, Vobiscum ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus & Proceribus regni nostri super passagio nostro praedicto et aliis arduis negotiis, Nos, et statum regni nostri, et Ducatus prae∣dicti tangentibus habere volumus colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. sitis ad nos apud Winton: secunda Dominica Quadragesimae prox. futur. Nobiscum, &c. Teste Rege apud Notingham 30. die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem. In the eodem modo, 5. Bishops only are particu∣larized with an &c. to the last of them.

[ 42] The 42. writ is in the ordinary form Claus. 18 E. 2. m. 5. dorso.

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c.* Quia, &c. Page  25 Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. crastino Nativitatis S. Iohannis Baptistae prox. futur. tenere, &c. Teste Rege apud Winton. 6 die Maii. Per ipsum Regem.

The Eodem modo, &c. mentions the Archbishop of York, and 5. other Bishops, with &c. to the last.

The 43. writ is entred, Claus. Anno 19 E. 2. m. 27. [ 43] dorso.

Rex, &c. W. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c.* apud Westm. in Octabis Sti. Martini prox. futur. Parliamentum no∣strum tenere, ac vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, &c. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege a∣pud VVestm. 10 die Octobris. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est, &c. VV. Arch. Eborum, Angliae Primati, and 3 more Bishops with an &c. instead of the others names.

The 44. writ is recorded in Claus. Anno 1 E. 3. parte [ 44] 2. m. 16. dorso, being very memorable.

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Qualiter Scoti nostri et regni nostri inimici pacis tractatum cum nostris solempnibus Nunciis, quos nuper ea de causa ad partes Marchiae Sctiae destinavimus mire contemptibili∣ter recusarunt, et ruptis proditionaliter Treugarum vin∣culis tempore Dom. Edw. nuper Regis Angliae Patris no∣stri inter populos Angliae & Scotiae initis et juramento fir∣matis, congregato magno exercitu regnum nostrum ho∣stiliter plures sunt ingressi, homicidia, depraedationes, in∣cendia, et alia mala injuria perpe••ndo, qualiter et ad refraenand. ipsorum audaciam ad partes Marchiae Scotiae praedictae, congregato magno exerciu declinavimus, ut ipsos inimicos potenter et viriliter prosequamur, vobis incognitum non existir. Et quia dicti Inimici dum per Nos et exercitum nostrum in parco de Stanhope, quatenus fieri poterint circumdati fuissent, noctanter et latenter ut devicti de parco praedicto evaserunt, et ad partes su∣as sunt regressi, nonnullis eorum per quosdam de exerci∣tu nostro insecutis et interfectis, et ut Nobis relatum est, iterato se congtegare, et regnum nostrum ingredi pro∣ponunt Page  26 ad mala quae poterunt perpetranda, propter quod tam super defensione et custodia regni nostri contra aggressus dictorum inimicorum, quam super aliis arduis negotiis Nos et Statum regni nostri tangentibus, vobis∣cum, et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus, et Proceribus regni nostri apud Lincoln. in crassino Exaltationis sanctae Crucis prox. futur. colloquium ordinavimus habere et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione qui∣bus Nobis tenemini, &c. quod omnibus aliis praetermissis dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis ibidem, Nobis∣cum si interesse possumus, seu interveniente impedimen∣to depurandis a Nobis, super defensione et custodia ac aliis negotiis supradictis tractaturi, vestrumque consili∣um impensuri. Et praemuniatis Priorem et Capitulum Ecclesiae vestrae Cantuar. Archidiac. totumque Clerum vestrae Dioc: quod iidem Prior et Archidiac. in propriis personis suis, dictumque Capitulum per unum, idemque Clerus per duos Procuratores idoneos plenam et suffici∣entem potestatem ab ipsis Capitulo et Clero habentes dictis die ac loco intesint ad faciend. et consentiend. hiis quae tunc ibidem de Communi Consilio divina sa∣vente clementia ordinari contigerit super negotiis ante∣dicts; et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Stan∣hope, 7. die Augusti, Anno regni nostri primo. Per ip∣sum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch: Eborum Angliae Primai, et Episcopis subscriptis, viz. H. Lincoln Epis∣copo, I. Karliol Episcopo, L. Dunolm. Episcopo, L. Lon∣don Episcopo, &c.

[ 45] The 45. writ, in Claus. Anno 1 Ed. 3. parte 2. m. 16. dorso, runs thus.

Rex,* &c. Archiepis. Cantuar. &c. Cum super reforma∣tione Pacis inter Nos et nostros subditos, ex una parte, et Ro∣bertum de Brus ac Magnates et alios de Scotia ex parte al∣tera, certis Nunciis ex utraque parte missis, nuper apud No∣vum Castrum super Tynam habitus fuisset tractatus, certi Articuli sunt expositi reformationem praedictam contingentes; Page  27 Super quibus et aliis Coronam nostram tangentibus Parlia∣mentum nostrum apud Eborum. die Dominica prox. post fe∣stum Purificationis beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur. tenere, ac vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus, et Pro∣ceribus regni nostri Colloquium et Deliberationem habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemuni∣entes, &c. (as before.) T. Rege apud Coventr. 10 die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis mutatis mu∣tandis, viz. Custod. Spiritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Can∣tuar. sede vacante, &c.

The 46. writ (very observable) I meet with in Claus. [ 46] Anno 2 E. 3. m. 31. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Eborum, &c. Cum in Parliamento nostro nuper apud Eborum convocato magna & ardua negotia Nos et itatum regni nostri tangentia proposita fuissent, quae propter absentiam quorundam Praelatorum et aliorum Magnatum et Procerum regni nostri, tunc non po∣terunt terminari: Super quibus et aliis diversis negotiis de assensu omnium Praelatorum Magnatum et Procerum in eo∣dem Parliamento nostro tunc existentium apud Northam∣ton à die Paschae prox futur. intres Septimanas Parliamen∣tum tenere, et vobiscum ac OMNIBVS aliis Praelatis, Mag∣natibus et Proceribus dicti regni Colloquium habere ordina∣vimus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. vestrumque con∣silium impensuri. Scientes pro certo quod aliquem Procura∣torem pro vobis, seu pro aliquo Praelato vel Magnate ad prae∣sens propter arduitatem negotiorum praedictorum, admittere non intendimus quoquo modo; Et Praemuniatis Decanum et Capit. &c. (as in former writs) Et quia ante haec tempora negotia in hujusmodi Parliamentis tractanda impedita fue∣runt ex eo quod* nonnulli Magnates cum multitudine tumul∣tuosa hominum armatorum ad Parliamenta illa accesserunt, et populus partium ubi Parliamenta illa tenta fuerunt damp nificatus existit et gravatus; volumus et firmiter praecipi∣mus, quod omnes et singuli de regno nostro cujuscunque status seu conditionis fuerint qui ad dictum Parliamentum venire Page  28 voluerint, modo debito et absque aliqua multitudine, sub fo∣risfactura omnium quae Nobis forisfacere poterint, accedant. Ita quod per ipsorum adventum indebitum negotia nostra non retardentur, seu patria in hac parte oneretur indebitè quovis modo. T. Rege apud Eborum quinto die Martii.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis mutatis mu∣tandis, viz. Custod. Spiritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Can∣tuar. sede vacante. Th. Episcopo Hereford. I. Episcopo Exon. &c.

[ 47] The 47. writ is this in Claus. Anno 2 E. 3. m. 23. dorso.

Rex,* &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Eborum, &c. Cum post Parliamentum nostrum apud Northampton nuper tentum, quaedam magna et ardua negotia Nos et Statum regni nostri ac jura nostra intime contingentia emerse∣rint, super quibus vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni nostri &c. apud Eborum die Dominica proxima post festum Sancti Iacobi Apostoli prox. futur. consilium et deliberationem habe∣re ordinavimus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Wigorn. 15 die Iunii. Per ipsum Regem

Eodem modo mandatum est, &c. Custod. Spirit. Archi∣episcopatus Cant. sede vacante. Thomae Episcopo He∣reford, &c.

[ 48] The 48 is this writ recorded in Claus. An. 2. E. 3. m. 15 Dorso.

Rex,* &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Eborum; Cum nuper post Parliamentum nostrum quod apud Northampton ultro tenuimus, quaedam ardua et magna negotia emersissent, quae statum nostrum, et statum regni nostri intime con∣tingere dinoscuntur, super quibus apud Eborum postmo∣dum tractatum habuimus, sed propter absentiam quo∣rundam Praelatorum, Magnatum et Procerum non potu∣erunt tunc dicta negotia non sine gravi nostri dispendio discuti et terminari; Propter quod or dinavimus Parlia∣mentum nostrum apud Novam Sarum die Dominica Page  29 proxima post Quindenam Sancti Michaelis prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatibus, Mag∣natibus et Proceribus super dictis Negotiis et aliis quae noviter emerserurt Colloquium habere et Tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis te∣nemini firmiter injungentes quod omni Excusatione postposita sitis personaliter apud Novam Sarum dicto die Nobiscum & cum caeteris Praelacis, Magnatibus et Pro∣ceribus praedict. super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrum{que} consilium impensuri: Et hoc sicut nos et honor nostrum, & tranquillitatem regni nostri diligitis nullatenus omit∣tatis; Ne quod absit ob vestri absentram contingat dicta negotia ulterius protelari; unde nobis et toto regno no∣stro irreparabile dispendium possit de facile generari. Scientes pro certo quod aliquem Procuratorem pro vobis, seu pro aliquo Praelato vel Magnate ad praesens, propter arduitatem negotiorum praedictorum excepta causa ne∣cessaria, admitti non intendimus quoquo modo. Et prae∣muniatis Decanum et Capitulum, &c. T. R. apud Clipston, 28 die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est S. Arch. Cantuar. &c. sub data 19 die Septembris Rege apud Risinge existente. Tho∣ma Episcopo Hereford; I. Episcopo Exon. &c.

The 49. Writ is extant in Claus. An. 3 E. 3. m. 19 dorso.

Rex,* &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Cum super maximis & arduis negotiis nos, et statum regni nostri, ac [ 49] tranquillitatem et quietem populi ejusdem regni intime contin∣gentibus vobiscum, & cum caeteris, &c. die Dominica in crastino sanctae Mariae Magdalenae prox futur. apud Win∣desor Colloquium habere ordinavimus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. (without Praemunientes, &c.) T. Rege apud Cantuar. 12 die Iunii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo subscriptum est mutatis mutandis, viz. W. Eborum Archiep. Angl. Primati, Thomae Epis. Heref. &c.

The 50 is in Claus. Anno 4. E. 3. m. 41, dorso. [ 50]

Page  30Rex, &c. R. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c.* Quta po magnis et arduis negotiis nos, &c. multipliciter contin∣gentibus Parliamentum nostrum apud Winton. die Domi∣nica prox. ante festum Sancti Gregorii Papae. prox. futur. tenere, &c. Vobis mandamus, &c. Praemunientes Pri∣orem et Capitulum, &c. Et hoc sicut nos, et honorem nostrum, et vestrum, ac salvationem regni nostri diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Eltham. 25 die Ja∣nuar.

Eodem modo, &c. As last before this.

[ 51] The 51 Writ is in Claus. 4 E. 3. m. 32 dorso.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Arch. Cantnar. &c.* Quia super mag∣nis et urgentibus negotiis noviter emersis, Nos et regnum no∣strum intime contingentibus vobiscum, &c. die Lunae prox. post festum tanslationis Sancti Thomae Martyris prox. fu∣tur. apud Abbathiam de Oseney colloquium habere ordinavi∣mus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. without Prae∣munientes, &c. Et hoc sicut nos & konorem nostrum et v∣strum diligitis, &c. T. Rege apud. Wodstoke 5 die Iunii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo, &c. 3 Bishops only named; the last A. Episcopo Wigorn, &c.

The 52 is the Writ of Claus. 4 E. 3. m. 23. dorso.

[ 52] Rex, &c. S. &c.*Cantuar. Archiepiscopo. Cum propter quaedam ardua negotia, Nos, et statum regni nostri, et ali∣arum terrarum ostrarum intime contingentia quae noviter e∣merserunt vobiscum, &c. die lunae prox. ante festum sancti Lucae Evangelistae prox. futur. apud Nottingham ordina∣vimus habere colloquium et tractatum. Vobis, &c. without Praemunientes, &c. Et hoc sicnt nos et honorem nostrum ac vestrum, et utilitatem et quietem ejusdem regni ac terrarum praedictarum diligitis nullatenus omittatis: Scituri quod si quod absit, proper absentiam vestram dicta negotia contigerit retardari, ad vos prout convenit, graviter capiemus. T. Rege. apud Nottingham 6 die Septemb. Per ipsum Re∣gem.

The Eodem modo is to 3 Bishops, the same with the last.

Page  31 The 53 is this memorable writ in Claus. Anno 4 E. 3. [ 53] m. 13 dorso.

Rex &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c.* Qualiter negotia nos et statum regni nostri contingentia postquam suscipimus gubernacula regni nostri huc•• que in nostri dampnum et dedecs,* ac depauperationem populi no∣stri deducta erant, vestram credimus prudentiam non latere: Propter quod, non volentes hoc urgente consci∣entia ulterius sustinere, et desiderantes toto corde sta∣tum et regimen regni nostri, secundum juris et rationis exigentiam, ad honorem Dei, et tranquillitatem et pa∣cem sanctae Ecclesiae, ac totius populi ejusdem regni re∣formari; ordinavimus de consiio et assensn Praelatorum & Magnatum nobis assistentium Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die lunae prox. post festum sanctae Katerinae virgi∣nis prox. futur. et vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni habere super prae∣missi cum deliberatione plenaria consilium et tractatum. Vobis in fide et dilectione, &c. mandamus, quatenus omni excusatione voluntaria cessante dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis, nobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum et tranquillitatem regni nostri prae∣dicti diligitis nullatenus omittatis. Scientes quod di∣em sommonitionis dicti Parliamenti ob intensum deside∣rium quod habemus ut negotia satum ipsius regni nostri contingentia feliciter disponantur, de assensu Praelatorum et Magnatum praedictorum abbreviavimus ista vice:* Et nolumus quod abbreviatio hujusmodi cedat alicui in praejudicium vel trahatur in consequentiam in futur. Et praemuniari faciatis Priorem et Capitulum Ecclesiae vestrae, &c. T. Rege apud Leicest. 23 die Octob. Per ipsum regem et consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est Archiepiscopo et Episcopis sub∣scriptis, viz. 3 named, the last, I. Exon. Episcopo, &c.

The 54 is the Writ entred in Claus. 5 E. 3. m. 25. [ 54] dorso.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Cant. &c.* Quia prop∣ter Page  32 quaedam magna et ardua negotia Nos et Ducatum no∣strum Aquitaniae, ac alias terras nostras in pattibus trans∣marinis, (pro quibus ad easdem partes nuper solempnes nuncios nostros destinavimus) contingentia, quae in ulti∣mo Parliamento nostro ob aliquas certas causas termina∣ri non potuerunt, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae in Crastino Quindenae Pachae prox. utur. te∣nere, et vobiscum, &c. (in the ordinary form without Praemunientes, &c.) Et hoc sicut honorem nostrum, et tranquillitatem et quietem dicti regni diligitis, &c. T. Rege apud Wyndesore 18. die Feb. Per ipsum Regem.

[ 55] The 55. notable writ is in Claus. An. 5 E. 3. m. 7. dorso.

Rex, &c. S. Archiepis. Cantuar. &c. Cum pro mag∣nis et arduis negotiis Nos et statum ac regimen regni no∣stri specialiter contingentibus, de consilio Praelaiorum et Magnatum Nobis assistentium ordinavimus Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino Sancti Michaelis prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum ac cum caeteris, &c. with Praemunientes Priorem, &c.* Et quia ante haec tempora com∣munia regni nostrinegotia propter aliqnorum Praelatorum et Magnatum absentiam, qui ad Convocationes at Parliamen∣ta hujusmodi non ad dis Statutos, set diu postmodum vene∣runt, frequenter retardata fuerunt, ad commune dampnum populi regni nostri. Volumus, et vobis injungimus et manda∣mus, quod dicto crastino omni modo sitis ad Nos ad locum praedictum; Et praemuniatis praefatos Priorem, Archidiaconos, parcatis populi nostri laboribus et expensis. T. Rege apud Lincoln. 12 die Iulii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est, &c. W. Archiepiscopo E∣borum: and to 19. Bishops more, Abbati S. Augustini Cantuar. and 26 Abbots, and 3. Priors more, with this Addition in the writs to the Abbots, Priors and Nobles: Quia intentionis nostrae, &c. ut supra.

[ 56] The 56. is the writ in Claus. 5 E. 3. parte 2. m. 7. dorso.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar.* Quia super di∣versis et arduis negotiis Nos ac statum regni nostri et a∣liarum terrarum nostrorum quae post ultimum Parliamentum Page  33 nostrum evenerunt intime contingentibus et aliis, ordi∣navimus vobiscum, &c. Octabis S. Mchaelis prox. fu∣tur. apud Westm. habere Colloquium et Tractatum. Vo∣bis, &c. without Praemunientes, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, et tranquilitatem dicti regni ac terra∣ram nostrarum praedictarum diligitis, &c. T. Rege apud Gildeford. 20. die Novembr. Per isum Regem.

Consimili Brevia diriguntur. W. Archiepisc. Eborum, &c. and to 19. more Bishops, Priori S. Iohan. Ierus. in Anglia, Abati Wesm: and 16 Abbots more.

The 57. is the writ in Claus. Anno 6 E. 3. m. 36. dor∣so. [ 57]

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Cum mag∣nificus Princeps Philippus Rex Franciae, Consanguineus noster, et complues alii Reges et Principes Catholici, zelo devotionis accensi, ad recuperandam haereditatem Dominicam de manibus Inimicorum Crucis Christi, ad terram Sanctam jam ordinaverint iter suum, et Nos in∣stanter requifierin, ut una cum ipsis ad dictas partes ex∣causa prae icta veimus prosicisci: Nos iter praedictum assumentes multum cordi, ordinavimus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum S. Gre∣gori Papae prox: futur. tenere, et vobiscum ac cum caere∣ris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus regni nostri super dicto itinere, et aliisn gotiis Nos, et statum dicti regni nostri, et aliarum terrarum nostrarum specialiter tangen∣tibus habere Collquium et Tractatum. Vobis igitur, &c. et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum ac tranquillita∣tem et quietam regni nostri diigitis nullatenus omitta∣tis. Sciences pro certo, quod nisi evidens et manifesta ne∣cessitas id exposat, non intendimus Procuratores seu Ex∣cusatores pro vobis admittere ea vice propter arduitatem negotiorum praedictorum. Et praemuniatis, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 27 die Ianuar.

Eodem modo mandatum est, &c. W. Archiepis. Eborum: and 19. Bishops: Abbati S. Augustin. &c. 27. Abbots, and 3. Priors more.

After whose names is inserted in the Roll.

Page  34 Istis Abatibus et Prioribus subscriptis non solebat scri∣i in al••s Parliamentis, viz. Abbati de Teukesbury, Ab∣bati de Bardeneye, Abbati de Barlinges, Abbati de Bello, Abbati de Pershore, Abbati de Hayles, Abbati de Sancta Ositha, Abbati de Langedon, Abbati de Tavestoke, Abbati de Stratford, Abbati de Burton super Trentam, Abbati de Ford, Abbati de Wardon. Abbati de Whalley, Abbati de Fontibus, Abbati de Fornays, Abbati de Ryevall, Abbati Sancti Augustini Bristoll, Abbati de Cestr. Abbati de Bogh∣land, Abbati de Thame, Abbati de Lesnes, Abbati de Ger∣veux, Magistro Ordinis de Sempyngham, Priori de Sem∣pyngham, Priori de Bridelington, Priori Ecclesiae Christi de Twynham, Priori de Gisburn.

Yet I find most of these summoned to ormer Parlia∣ments, under H. 3. and Ed. 1, 2. but afterwards omitted in most summons to Parliaments, but some of them in∣serted into summons to Councils.

[ 58] After this in the same Roll there issued out a second writ (the 58. in number) to the Archbishop of Canter∣bury, agreeing verbatim with the ormer to impensuri, and then subjoyning this unusual clause of praemunition to the Clergy the second time. Et licet injunximus singu∣lis Episcopis praedictis, quod quilibet eorum praemuniri faciat Priores et Decanos et Capitula ecclesiarum suarum Cathe∣dralium, necnon Archidiaconos et Clerum suarum Dioc. quod idem Priores, Decani et Archidiac. propriis personis suis, et quodlibet Capitulorū dictorum per urum, Clerumque cujusibet Diocaes. per duos Procuratores idoneos susscientem potest atem ab ipsis Capitulo et Clero habentes, dictis die et loco inter sint; ad faciendum et consentiendum hiis quae tunc ibidem de Com∣muni consilio divina favente clementia et super premissis con∣tigerit ordinari. Nolentes tamen dicta negotia nostra pro de∣fectu praemunitionum praedict arum si for san minus recte factae fuerint aliqualiter retardari; Vbis mandamus rogantes▪ quatenus praemunire faciatis Priores, Decanos et Capi∣tula Ecclesiarum Cathedralium, ac etiam Arcaidiaco∣nos et totum Clerum vestrae Provinciae, quod iidem Priores Dcani et Archidiaconi in propriis personis suis, et quodlibet Page  35 Capitulorum paedictorum per unum, Clerumque cujuslibet Diocaes. per duos Pocuratores sufficientem potestatem ab ipsis Capitulo et Clero habentes, sint in dicto die apud dictum locum ad consentiendum hiis quae tunc ibidem de communi consilio regni nostri ordinari contigerit sicut praedictum est. Et hoc nullaenus omittatis. Teste Rege apud Westm. 28 die Ianuarii.

Consimiles literae diriguntur W. Arch. Eborum. Ang∣liae Primati, teste ut supra.

The 59. writ is that of Claus. An 6 E. 3. m. 19. dorso.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c.* Quia [ 59] super diversis et arduis negotiis nos et statum terrae no∣strae Hyberniae specialiter contingentibs, ordinavimus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm, in crastino Nativi∣tatis beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur. tenere, &c. with∣out Praemunientes, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem no∣strum, necnon tranquiliitatem regni et terrae nostrorum praedictorum diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. Teste Rege apud Wodestock 20 die Iulii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Archiep. Eborum. and 19. Bishops more; Abbati S. Augustini Cantuar. and 27 Abbots more, and Priori S. Iohannis Ierusalem in Anglia, Priori de Spalding, Priori de Lewes.

The 60. writ is extant in Claus. 6 E. 3. m. 9. dorso. [ 60]

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Cum post Parliamentum nostrum quod apud Westm. ultimo tenui∣mus, quaedam magna et ardua Negotia versus partes Bo∣reales quae statum regni nostri et Coronae nosirae regiae intime contingunt emerserunt, super quibus celere et festinum remedium cum deliberatione provida apponere Nos oportet, propter quod de Consisio Praelatorum et Magnatum Nobis assistentium Parliamentum nostrum a∣pud Eborum: die Veneris prox. ante festum S. Nicolai prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. without Praemunien∣tes, &c. Et hoe sicut Nos et honorem nostrum ac salvatio∣nem Coronae nostrae regiae, et tranquillitatem partium dicti regni nostri diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. Sci∣entes quod propter arduitatem negotiorum praedicto∣rum, Page  36 ceslame impedimento legiimo praelentia vestra carere non posumus ista vice. Teste Rege apud Ebo∣rum 20 die Octobris, Per ipsum Regem et Consili∣um.

Eodem modo mandatum est Archiepiscopo Eborum. to 19. Bishops, 29. Abbots, and 3. Priors last before na∣med.

[ 61] The 61 writ is that of Claus. Anno 7 E. 3. pars 2 m. 3. dorso.

Rex dilecto sibi in Christo Priori Eclesiae Christi Cantu∣ar.* Custodi spiritualitatis Achiepiscopatus Cantuar. sede vaante, &c. Quia pro diversis et arduis negotiis Nos, &c. Parliamentum nostrum apud Eborum die Lunae prox. ante fesum sancti Petri in Catedra prox. futur. teneri, &c. (as in other summons) Teste Rege apud Walyngord 4 die Januarii Per Breve de privato sigillo.

Eodem modo mandatum est Archiepiscopo Eborum. 19 Bishops, 27 Abbots, and 3 Priors forenemed. After which there iued out other writs to the said Gardian of the Spiritualties of Canterbury, and the Archbishop of York, dated the same day and place, verbatim agreeing with the former, with this addiional Clause in the close thereof. Et licet singulis Episcopis praedictis injunxerimus quod quilibet eoum praemunire faciat, Prioes, Decanos, &c. as in the 58 writ before cited. T. ut supra.

[ 62] The 62 is the writ of Claus. 8 E. 3. m. 18. doso.

Rex, &c. I. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar.* Quia, &c. nos et statum regni nostri, et aliaum terra um nostrarum specialiter contingentibus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die lune prox. post festum exaltationis sanctae Crucis prox utur. tenere, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Redinges 24 die Iulii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Eborum. to 18. Bishops, 27 Abbots▪ and 3. Priots more.

Then follows in the same Roll another special writ to the two Archbishops, agreeing with the former, except in this addition. Et licet singulis Episcopis praedictis in∣jnxerimus, &c. as in the 58. and 61. Teste ut supra. Per ipsum Regem.

Page  37The 63. writ is recorded in Claus. 9 E. 3. mem. 28. [ 63] dorso.

Rex, &c. I. &c. Archiep. Cantuar.* Quia, &c. Parli∣amentum nostrum apud Eborum in crastino Ascentionis Domini prox. futur. tenere, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Notingham 3. die Aprilis. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est, Arch. Eborum. 18 other Bishops, 28. Abbots, 3. Priors. Then follows ano∣ther writ of the same Form and date to both the Arch∣bishops, with an Et licet, &c. as before, . 53.

The 64. is in Claus. 9. E. 3. m. 8. dorso. [ 64]

Rex, &c. J. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia, &c. Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post diem Do∣minicam in medio Quadragesimae prox. futur. &c. Prae∣munientes, &c. T. Rege apud Berewic. super Twedam 22. die Ianuarii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est, Archiep. Eborum 19. other Bishops, and 3. Priors. After which there issued writs to both the Archbishops of the same date, with Et licet. &c. superadded as before, n. 58. Peripsum Regem.

The 65. writ is entred, Claus. Anno 10 E. 3. m. 5. doso. [ 65]

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar.* Quia &c. Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Eborum▪ die Lunae in festo Sancti Hillarii prox. futur. tenere, &c. Teste Rege apud Botheuil 29. die Novembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est, Archiepisc. Eborum. 18 other Bishops. Custodi Spn ••ualitatis Episcopatus Nor∣wic. sede vacante, Abbots 28. Priors 3.

These writs are seconded with 2. other writs of the same date and form to both the Archbishops, with the addition of the Clause: Et licet singulis Episcopis praedictis injunxerimus quod quilibet eorum praemunire faciat Priores, &c. ut supra, n. 58.

The 66. writ is registred Claus. 11 E. 3. pars 1. m. 15. dorso. [ 66]

Rex, &c. J. &c. Arch. Cant.* Quia super diversis et urgen∣tissimis negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri, et aliarum Page  38 terrarum nostrarum, &c. apud Staunf. die Veneris in cra∣stino Ascentionis Domini prox. futur. habere ordinavi∣mus colloquium et tractatum, &c. Vobis mandamus, &c. quod dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus prae∣dictis, super dictis negotiis tractaturi vestrumque consi∣lium impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum et salvationem et tranquillitatem regni et terrarum no∣strarum praedictarum diligitis modis omnibus faciatis, ne per vestri absentiam expeditio negotiorum nostrorum it a urgentium retardaretur, sen aliquo modo quod absit, dif∣feratur. Teste Rege apud Westm. 24 die Aprilis. Per ipsum Regem.

Edoem modo mandatum est Archiepisc. Eborum, et Episcopis, ac Comitibus et Magnatibus et aliis subscriptis DE CONSILIO REGIS existentibus mutatis mutandis: there being only the names of 8. Bishops subscribed, without any Abbots or Priors, and 10 Earls, 23 Lords and Barons, 5. Justices, and 3. others of the Kings Council: but no writs at all for electing Knights, Citizens, or Burgesses: So as this was no Summons to a Parliament, but rather to a Privy Council or Consultation.

[ 67] The 67. writ is extant in Claus. 11. E. 3. pars 1. m. 8. dorso.

Rex, &c. I. &c. Archiep. Cantuar.* Quia super qui∣busdam arduis et urgentissimis negotiis quae per solempnes Nuncios nostros quos ad partes transmarinas transmissimus Nobis jam sunt plenius intimata, et quae Nos, et statum reg∣ni nostri Coronaeque jura specialiter et intimis contingent, vobiscum et cum aliis Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus ipsius regni nostri Westm. die Lunae prox post festum Sanctae Margaretae Virginis prox. futur. Colloquium habere volumus et tractatum; Vobis in fide et dilectione, &c. mandamus quod cessante excusatione quacunque dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus praedictis super dictis negotris tractaturi ve∣strumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, et tranquillitatem et salvationem regni Coronaeque Page  39 nostrorum diligitis, nullatenus omucatis. Scientes quod propter arduitatem et magnitudinem negotiorum praedictorum absentiam vestram ad diem illum nequimus nec volumus a∣liqualiter excusare. Teste Rege apud Staunford 21 die Iu∣nii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Episcopis, Abbatibus et Prioribus subscriptis, vz. 15 Bishops, 25 Abbots, 4 Priors (the last of Sempyngham oft omitted before) 10. Earls, 38 Nobles and great men.

The 68. is this Notable writ in Claus. 11 E. 3. part [ 68] 2. m. 40. dorso.

Rex, &c. I. &. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c.* Cum de assensu Praelatorum, Magnatum & Procerum regni nostri ac aliorum de Consilio nostro, ad partes transmarinas una cum nonullis Magnatibus et Proceribus, et aliis Pidelibus nostris, ex crtis et legitimis causis infra breve, Domino duce, ordinavimus Nos transfretare, et prae caeteris insideat Nobis cordi, quod pax nostra in regno nostro in nostra absenia in∣violabiliter observetur, et idem regnum nostrum ab hostium incursibus tueatur. Nos autem passagium nostrum praedictum ad dictas partes super custodia dicti regni nostri et conserva∣tione pacis nostrae in codem regno dum sic absentes fuermus, ct aliis arduis et urgentissimis negotiis, tam Nos et Statum ejusdem regni altarumque terrarum nostrarum, quam eun∣dem transitum nostrum spcialiter contingentibus, vobiscum et cum caeeris Praelatis et Magnatibus ipsius regni apud Westm. die Veneris prox. ante festum Sancti Michelis prox. futur: habore volumus Colloquium et tractatum. Et ideo vobis in fide et dilectione quibus nobis tenemini, sirmiter injungendo mandamus, quod pensatis tanta nostrorum et dict regni negotiorum arduitate et periculis imminentibus, absque excsatione qu cunque dictis die et loco personaliter inter sitis, Nbiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proce∣ribus praedictis super dictis negotiis tractauri, vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut honorem nostrum ac sal∣vationem et tranquillitatm dicti regni nostri et Ecclesiae san∣ctae diligitis modis omnibus faciatis. Ne, quod absit, per vestri absentiam expeditio negotiorum nostrorum praedicto∣rum Page  40 retardetur seu quomodolibet differetur. Et praemunien∣tes Priorem, &c. Teste Roge apud Westm. 18 die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est W. Arch. Eborum; to 15. Bishops more; Custod. Spiritualitatis Episcopatus Cicestr. sede vacante: 29. Abbots and 3. Priors.

[ 69] The 69. is the writ in the same Roll and membrana, to summon a Convocation of the Clergy at Pauls.

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Cum de as∣sensu Praelatorum, &c. usque imparturi (ut supra, et tunc sic.) Et quia negotia praedicta salvationem et quictem regni nostri et Ecclesiae sanctae, c universorum ac singulorum ipsi∣us regni specialiter contingunt; Vobis mandamus, rogantes, quod Episcopos, Praelatos & Clerum vestrae Provinciae apud Ecclesiam Sancti Pauli London, in crastino S. Michaelis prox. futur. convocari fac. Ita quod tam dicti Episcopi quam Decani, et Priores Ecclesiarum Catedralium, & Archidi a∣coni et Abbates exempti et non exempti quos expedire vide∣ritis personaliter, et quodlibet Capitulorum praedictarum Ec∣clesiarum Cathedralium per unum, et (lerici cuuslibet Dioc. per duos Procuratores sufficientem potestatem habentes, apud dictam Ecclesiam Sancti Pauli in praedicto crastino Sancti Michaelis intersint. ad tractandum et consulendum super prae∣missis una vobiscum et aliis per Nos tunc mittendis, et ad consentiendum hiis quae tunc ibidem pro communi defensione et utilitate divina favente clementia contigerit ordinari. Teste ut supra. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimile Breve dirigitur W. Archiepiscopo Eborum Angliae Primati, quod convocare fac. Praelatos, &c. de Provincia sua apud Eorum die Iovis prox. post Octabis S. Michaelis prox. futur. Teste u supra.

[ 70] The 70. is this Notable writ in Claus. Anno 11 E. 3. pars 2. m 11. dorso.

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiep Cantuar. &c.* Quia tam super urgentissimis negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri, ac aliarum terrarum nostrraum, ac jura nostra et Coronae nostrae tan∣genibus, quam etiam super expeditione quorundam altorum arduorum negotiorum, quae venerabiles Patres Sanctae Ro∣manae Page  41 Ecclesiae Cardinales, ad Nos jam in Angliam, per Do∣mium Summum Pontificem transmissi, Nobis ex parte ejusdem Summi Pontificis et dictae sedis specialiter nuncia∣runt, PARLIAMENTUM nostrum apud Westm. in crastino Purificationis beatae Mariae virginis prox, futur. te∣nere, ac ibidem vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, et tranquillitatem et quie∣tem dictorum regni et terrarum diligitis, nullatenus omitta∣tis. Praemunientes Priorem, &c. Scientes insuper, quod tam proper dictorum negotiorum arduitatem, quam pro co quod nonnulla alia nostri et regni nostri negotia in diversis Parliamentis nostris ante haec tempora tentis,* propter absenti∣am Praelatorum et Magnatum ejusdem regni qui eisdem Par∣liamentis, una cum aliis ipsius regni Proceribus personaliter juxta mandata nostra eis inde directis interfuisse debuerant FUERUNT NON ABSQUE NOSTRI & REGNI NOSTRI INCOMMODO SAEPIUS RETARDATA, Procuratores, seu excusationem aliquam pro vobis ligitimo cessante impedimento, admittere nolumus ista vice. Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Decembris. Per ipsum Re∣gem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch: Eborum. 16. Bishops more, and H. Episcopo Lincoln. vel ejus Vicario generali, ipso Episcopo in remotis agente: 28. Abbots, and 4. Priors.

The 71. is this observable writ of Claus. 12 E. 3. pars [ 71] 2. m. 32. dorso.

Rex, &c. Archiepisc. Eborum, &c.* Cum super defen∣sione et salvatione regni nostri ac jurium Coronae nostrae de assensu Praelatorum, Comitum, Baronum et Commu∣nitatis regni nostri sumus jam cum exercitu nostro ad partes transmarinas, annuente Domino, personaliter pro∣secturi: et dilectum et fidelem nostrum Edwardum Du∣cem Cornubiae er Comitem Cestriae, filium nostrum pri∣mogenitum Custodem dicti regni nostri, et locum no∣strum tenentem in eodem regno constituerimus, dum sic Nos absentare contigerit, vel alias nostrae placuerit vo∣luntari: ac intimius insidat cordi nostro, quod Pax nostra Page  42 in ipso regno tam in nostra absentia quam in praesentia il∣laesa firmius conservetur, et idem regnum et populus no∣ster ibidem ab hostium incursibus tueantur. Per quod de assensu Consilii nostri ordinavimus, quod super prae∣missis et aliis arduis et urgentibus negotiis nos et Statum regni nostri multipliciter contingntibus QUODDAM MAGNUM CONSILIUM apud Northmpton, in cra∣stino S. Iacobi Apostoli prox. futur. teneatur; Vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injun∣gendo mandamus, quod attentis praemissorum arduitate et imminentibus periculis, quacurque excusatione ces∣sante dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis, cum praefa∣to Custode et caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceri∣bus regni nostri, quos ibidem ea de causa convocari feci∣mus, super negotiis praedictis tractaturi, vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem et tranquillitatem dicti regni nostri et Ecclesiae sanctae, diligitis, modis omnibus faciatis; ne quod absir, per vestram absentiam expeditio negotiorum nostrorum praedictorum retardetur, seu quomodolibet differatur. Praemunientes Decanum et Capitulum Ec∣clesiae vestrae, &c. Teste Rege apud Walton. 15 die Iunii, Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est &c. to 15 Bishops more, H. Episcopo Lincoln. vel ejus Vicario generali, ipso E∣piscopo in remotis agenti, R. Electo London, confirma∣to.

Then follows the like writ to J. Archbishop of Can∣terbury, as issued to Yorke: with this different clause af∣ter; Excusatione cessante; viz. vel Vicariis vestris gene∣ralibus, vobis in partibus transmarinis agentibus, dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis, &c. Et vos, vel dictus vicarius vester generalis, praemuniatis, &c. (ut supra, mutatis mutan∣dis) Teste ut supra.

Consimile Breve dirititur R. Episcopo Dunolm, and to 28. Abbots, and 4. Priors.

[ 72] The 72. is the writ registred in Claus. 14 E. 3. parte 2. m. 28. dorso.

Page  43Rex, &c. I.*&c. Archiepic. Cantuar. &c. vel ejus Vicario generali ipso Archiepiscopo in remotis agenti, Salu∣tem. Quia de avisamento Consilii nostri ordinavimus, quod super arduis et urgentibus negotiis, tam Nos et expeditionem guerrae nostrae, ac jura nostra et Coronae nostrae in partibus transmarinis, quam statum et defensionem, regni nostri, et aliarum terrarum nostrarum contingentibus Parliamentum apud Westm. ad Quindena S. Michaelis prox. futur. tenea∣tur: et ibidem vobiscum ac cum caeteris Praelatis, &c. Vo∣bis, &c. mandamus, quod consideratis dictorum negotiorum arduitate et periculis imminentibus, cessante quacunque ex∣cusatione dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis, Nobiscum, seu cum Custode regni nostri, si tunc contigerit Nos abesse, ac caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus, &c. consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos & honorem nostrum, ac salvationem regni, ter∣rarum et jurium nostrorum praedictorum, ac Ecclesiae sanctae, expeditionemque dictorum negotiorum nostrorum diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. Ne quod absit, per vestram absentiam (quam cessante impedimento legitimo excusare aliqualiter nolumus ista vice) expeditio dictorum negotiorum nostrorum retardetur, seu quomodolibes differatur. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Custode praedicto apud Windesore, 25. die Aug. Per ipsum Regem ac dictum Custodem et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Eborum, &c. and 16. Bishops more, R. Dunolm. Episcopo, vel ejus Vi∣cario generali ipso Episcopo in remotis agente: and so H. Lincoln Episcopo, T. Hereford Episcopo, vel ejus Vi∣cario generali, &c.

Eodem modo mandatum est, to▪ 25 Abbots and 4. Priors.

After which follow writs to the Archbishop of York, and to the Archbishop of Canterbury or his Vicar General in his absence of the like form: with an, Et licet singulis Episcopis regni nostri, &c. Nolentes tamen dicta negotia no∣stra pro defectu praemunitionum praedictarum si minus rectè factae fuerint, retardari, &c. (as n. 58.) Teste Custode apud Wyndesor. 26. die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem et dictum Custodem & Consilium.

Page  44 [ 73] The 73. is this remarkable writ, Claus. An. 13 E. 3. pars 2. m. 1. dorso.

Rex,* &c. I. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Cum quae∣dam ardua et urgentia Negotia, quae Nos et honorem nostrum, statumque regni nostri contingebant in Pariia∣mento nostro apud Westm. Quindena S. Michaelis prox. ptaeterito summonito, Praelatis, Proceribus et Commu∣nitate dicti regni ibidem existentibus exposita extitis∣sent; super quibus eadem Communitas tempus ad deli∣beandum petiit, supplicans aliud Parliamentum statim infra breve, ut tunc deliberatione hujusmodi habita va∣leret expositis maturius responderi. Per quod de avisa∣mento Praelatorum et Procerum praedictorum, necnon ad dictae Communitatis hujusmodi supplicationem, or∣dinavimus, quod super hiis et aliis urgentissimis negoti∣is, tam Nos et expeditionem guerrae nostrae in partibus transmarinis, quam defensionem ejusdem regni, jurium et terrarum nostrarum contingentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Octabis S. Hillarii prox. futur. teneatur; Et ibidem vobiscum, &c. Vobis, &c. man∣damus, quod dictorum negotiorum arduitate, pericu∣lisque et necessitate imminentibus ponderatis, excusa∣tione quacunque cessante, dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, seu cum Custode regni nostri, si tunc conigerit nos abesse, ac caeteris Praelatis, &c. (as in the last writ before) Praemunientes, &c. ad consenienum &c. Teste Custode praedicto apud Langele, 16 die No∣vembris. Per ipsum Regem, et dictum Custodm et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Eborum, and to 18 Bishops more, 29 Abbots, and 4. Priors. After which follows two other writs dated 20 die Novembris, to both the Archbishops in the same form; with the clause of Et licet singulis Episcopis, &c. as before, n. 58. Per ipsum Regem, et dictum Custodem et Consilium.

[ 74] The 74. is this special writ different in one memorable clause from all the precedent in Claus.*Anno 14 E. 3. pars 1. m. 33. dorso.

Page  45 Rex, venerabili in Christo patri, I. eadem gratia Ar∣chiepiscopo Cantuar, totius Angliae Primati, Salutem. Quia super diversis arduissimis et urgentissimis Nego∣tis, Nos et statum ac etiam defensionem regni Angliae, quam expeditionem guerrae nostrae, ac jura Coronae no∣strae, terrasque et Dominica nostra in partibus transma∣rinis multipliciter contingentibus Parliamentum no∣strum apud Westm. di Mercrii prox. post diem Domi∣nicam in medio Quadragesimae prox. futur. tenere, et ibidem vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Procetibus dicti regni Colloquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis in fide, &c. mandamus, quod con∣sideratis dictorum Negotiorum arduitate et periculis necessitate que imminentibus, cessane quacunque excu∣saione, dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis, Nobis∣cum, et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus praedictis super dictis Negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque Consilium impensri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem no∣strum ac salvationem ejusdem regni nostri Angliae caete∣ratumque terrarum ac jurium nostrorum praedictorum ac negotiorum expeditionem diligitis nullatenus omitatis. Et praemunentes Priorem, &c. Non mirantes ex hoc quod stilum nostrum consuetum mut vimus ET REGEM FRANCIAE NOS FACIAMUS nominari jam (in the beginning of this writ at large to the Archbishop, though omitted for brevity in the Clause Roll, beginning only with Rex, instead of* Edwardus Dei graa Rex Angiae et FRANCIAE, &c.) diversae subsunt causae per quas hoc facere necessarie nos oportet, et quas vobis et aliis Prae¦latis et Magnatibus necnon Communitatibus ejusdem regni nostri Angliae ad dictum Parliam. plenius expo∣nemus. Scientes insuper quod nolumus, nec intentio∣nis nostrae exisit, quod ex assumptione nominis et hono∣ris eorundem dicto regno ac terrae Angliae, aut statui seu juribus eorundem prae judicietur, aut aliqualiter dero∣getur, set quod eidem regno uberius subveniatur et re∣le vetur maturius, illud idem, et po securitate in hac par∣re ad dictum Parliamentum si opus fuerit, ordinabimus, Page  46 quod juxta consilium vestrum et aliorum Praelatorum, Magnatum caeterorum{que} ibidem convocatorum viderimus oportunum. Teste Rege apud Harwich. 21 die Februa∣rii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modomandatum est Arch. Eborum, and to 17. Bishops more. T. Episcopo Hereford, vel ejus Vicar. gene∣rali, ipso Episcopo in remotis agente, W. Electo London cn∣firmato, 29 Abbots, and 4. Priors.

After which there are two writs of the self-same date and form directed to both the Archbishops; with this usual additional clause. Et licet singulis Episcopis, &c. as before, n. 58.

[ 75] The 75. writ of summons is that in Claus.*Anno 14 E. 3. pars 1. m. 23. dorso.

Rex, &c. I. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Cum pro defensione et salvatione regni nostri Angliae, ac recuperatio∣ne jurium nostrorum et Coronae nostrae sumus cum Magnati∣bus et aliis ejusdem regni ad partes transmarinas, annuente Domino personaliter profecturi; et per-dilectum et fidelem nostrum Edwardum Ducem Cornubiae, et Comitem Cestriae filium nostrum primogenitū CUSTODEM dicti regn nostri Angliae, et locū nostrū tenentē in eodem regno constituerimus dum Nos sie absentari contigerit, vel alias nostrae placuerit voluntati; ac intimius insideat cordi nostro quod pax nosra in ipso regno tam in absentia quā in praesetia illsafirma obser∣vetur, dem regnū et p pulis noster ibidem ab hostiū incursu tueantur; per quod de assensu Consilii nostri ordinavimus, quod super praemissis t aliis arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et Statum dicti regni nostri Angliae, et expeditionem diverso∣rum urgentissimorum negotiorum nostrorum multipliciter contingentibus, quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. ad diem Mercurii prox. post festum Translationis S. Thomae Martyris prox. futur. teneatur. Vobis in side, &c. personaliter intersitis, cum praefato Custode ac caeteris Praelatis, &c. quos ibidem ea de causa convocari mandavi∣mus, super dictis negotiis tractaturi vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salva∣tionem et tranquillitatem regni nostri Angliae et Ecclesiae Page  47 sanctae diligitis modis omnibus faciatis; Ne quod absit, per vestri absentiam expeditio negotiorum nostrorum praedicto∣rum retardetur, seu quomodolibet differatur. Et praemunia∣tis, &c. Teste Rge apud Westm. 30 die Maii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est, A. Episcopo Winton, and 18. Bishops more, 29 Abbots, and 4. Priors.

The 76. writ is recorded in Claus. 15 E. 3. pars 1. m. [ 76] 37 dorso.*

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. Quia super di∣versis et arduis negotiis tam Nos, statum et defensionem regni nostri Angliae, quam expeditionem guerrae nostrae, ac jura Coronae nostrae, et terras et Dominica nostra in partibus transmarinis multipliciter contingentibus, Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Westm. in die Lunae prox. post Quindena Paschae prox. futur. enere, et ibidem, &c. (a in the 73. precedent writ.) Teste Rege apud Wodestoke. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est to 18. Bishops, 29 Ab∣bots, and 4. Priors.

The 77. writ is in Claus. Ano. 16 E. 3. pars 1. m. [ 77] 39. dorso.*

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia super quibusdam arduis negotiis Nos et statum dicti regni Angliae ac aliarum terrarum nostrarum, ac etiam recupe∣rationem jurium nostrorum specialiter contingentibus, Vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis ac Magnatibus dicti regni nostri apud Westm. die Lunae in crstino Claus. Paschae prox. futur. colloquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem et defensionem dicti regni no∣stri diligitis nullatenus omittatis. Teste Rege apud Westm. 25 die Februarii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est to 7. Bishops, but no Ab∣bots, Priors, Sherifs, or Warden of the Cinqueports, and so no summons to a Parliament, but a Council, as the Margin stiles it.

The 77. writ is entred in Claus. 16 Edw. 3. pars [ 78] Page  48 2. m. 22. dorso; with one unusual clause.

Rex,* &c. J. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia pro defensione et salvatione regni nostri Angliae, ac expediti∣one guerrae nostrae Franciae, passagium nostrum ad partes transmarinas duximus ordinandum. Nos de bono regi∣mine dicti regni, ac conservatione Pacis nostrae, ac dis∣cretione provida negotiorum nostrorum, ac aliorum pub∣licam utilitatem concernen. dum sic absentes furimus merito solliciti, quoddam CONSILIUM ET TRAC∣TATUM tenendum vobiscum, et cum aliis Praelatis, Magnatibus, et Communitatibus dicti regni nostri super hiis apud Westm. die Mercurii prox. post festum S. Ed∣wardi Confessors prox. futur. per Edw. Ducem Cornubiae, et Comitem Cestriae, filium nostrum carissimum, quem Custodem dicti regni constituimus, Nobis sic agentibus in remotis, ordinavimus. Et ideovobis, &c. dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis cum praefaro Custode, nomi∣ne nostro, et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Com∣munitatibus antedictis, super praemissis ractaturi, ve∣strumque consilium impensuri. Praemunientes, &c. et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, et salvationem et de∣fensionem dicti regni diligitis nullatenus omittatis. Sci∣turi quod gratitudinem et ingratitudinem quas Nobis in absentia nostra jam ostendi contigerit plus ponderabi∣mus, quam si fuerant dum praesentes essemus, et ea cura∣bimus juxta merita seu demerita compensare. Teste Re∣ge apud Gastry 12. die Sept. Per ipsum Regem et Con∣silium.

Consimili Brevia diriguntur, mutatis mutandis sub ea∣dem data, unto 17. Bishops, 20. Abbots, and 2. Pri∣ors.

[ 79] The 79. is this notable writ recorded in Claus. 16 E. 3. parte 2. m.* 13. Dorso.

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia jam super expeditione guerrae nostrae sub spe saelicis eventus agimus in remotis, et super quibusdam tam personam quam statum et bonum regimen regni nostri Angliae sum∣me concernentibus vestrum habere vellemus auxilium Page  49 et consilium providum et festium; intime vo rogantes mandamus, quod die Sabbato in crastino S. Luciae prox: futur. fitis personaliter apud Westm. ibidem cum Edward filio nostro carissimo Duce Cornubiae, CUSTODE Ang∣liae, ac aliis de Consilio nostro, super his tractaturi ve∣strumque consilium et auxilium, prout requiret dicto∣rum negotiorum qualitas, impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum et expeditionem nostram diligitis nullatenus omittatis. Teste praefato Custode apud Ke∣nyngton 20. die Novembris. Per ipsum Regem et Con∣silium.

Eodem modo mandatum est, to 5. more Bishops, 5. Earls, 17. Lords and Great men; without any Abbots, Priors, writs to Sherifs, Assistants, or Warden of the Cinque-ports. It being only a Council, not a Parlia∣ment.

The 80. writ very observable in the recital, is regi∣stred [ 80] in Claus. Anno 17 E. 3. parte 1. m. 25. dorso.*

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia ob re∣verenam Domini Summi Pontificis et sedis Apostolicae, et instantiam venerabilium Patrum Dominorum Penestrini et Tusculani Episcoporum, sacrosanctae Ecclesiae Romanae Car∣dinales, et dictorum Summi Pontificis atque Sedis Nuncio∣rum, propter haec ad Nos specialiter transmissorum, quaedam Trenga, sub spe pacis honorabilis inter Nos et adversaris no∣stros Franciae jam est inita, et ad tractandum de dieta Pace iuxta conditionem super hoc habitam, solempnes Nuntios ci∣tra festum Nativitatis S. Johannis Baptistae habemus ad Romanam Curiam destinari, propter haec et alias causas vari∣as et arduas commodum publicum nostri et nostrorum fideli∣um concernentes, ordinavimus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post Quindenam Pasch. prox. fu∣tur. tenere, et vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnati∣bu et Proceribus regni nostri Angliae Colloquium habere volumus et Tractatum. Vobis in fide, &c. mandamus, quod considerata dictorum negotiorum arduitae, quatenus excusa∣tione cessante dictis die et loco personaliter inter sitis Nobis∣cum, &c. Et praemuniatis, &c. Teste Custode praedicto Page  50apud Byfleet 29 die Februarii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est, to 19. Bishops, 26. Abbots, and 2. Priors.

[ 81] The 81. writ is thus recorded, Claus. Anno 18 E. 3. pars 1. m. 14. dorso.

Rex, &c. I. &c. Archiep.*Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibudam arduis et urgentibus negotiis honorem Dei, et decus et defensionem Ecclesiae Anglicanae, ac necessa∣rium et salubre Regimen populiet regni nostri. Angliae summe concernentibus, ordinavimus Parliamentum no∣strum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post Octab. S. Trini∣tatis prox. futur. tenere, ac vobiscum ibidem, ac cum cae∣teris, &c. firmiter injungimus et mandamus quatenus ex∣cusatione quacunque postposita, arditate negoti∣orum praedictorum considerata, dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, si praesentes fuerimus ibidem, seu cum deputandis a Nobis si abesse Nos con∣tigerit, et cum caeteris Praelatis, &c. Et praemuniatis, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 30 die Aprilis. Per ip∣sum Regem et Cons••ium.

Eodem mdo mandatum est, Archiepisc. Eborum. I. Electo Hereford confirmato, and 18 Bishops, 26 Abots, and 2. Priors more.

[ 82] The 82. writ is thus entred in Claus. An. 20 E. 3. par. 2. m. 22. dorso.

Rex, &c. J. &c. Archiep.* Cantuar. &c. Quia de avi∣samento Consilii nostri ordinavimus, quod super variis et arduis negotiis, tam Nos et expedit••nem guerrae no∣strae, ac jura nostra et Coronae nostrae in partibus trans∣marinis, quam Statum et defensionem regni nostri Ang∣liae contingentibus, quoddam Parliamentum nostrum a∣pud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum Nativitatis bea∣tae Mariae Virginis prox. futur. teneatur, et ibidem vo∣biscum, &c. Tractatus et Colloquium habeantur. Vobis in fide, &c. cessante quacunque e••usatione dictis die et loco personaliter Nobiscum, seu cum Custode regni no∣stri, si tunc contigerit Nos abesse, ac caeteris Praelais, Page  51 &c. consilium impensuri. Et hoc cut honorem nostrum et salvationem regni, terrarum et jurium nostrorum ac Ecclefiae anctae, expeditionemque dictorum negotio∣rum nostrorum diligitis, nullatenus omittatis; Ne quod absi, per vestri absentiam (quam cessane impedimento legitimo nullo modo excusatam habere volumus) expe∣ditio negotiorum nostrorum praedictorum retardetur, seu aliqualiter differatur. Praemuniene, &c. Teste Custode praedicto apud Westm. 30 die Iulii Per ipsum Regem et dictum Custodem et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est, to 16. Bishops, Custodi Spiritualitis Episcopatus Assaven, 23. Abbots, and 2. Pri∣ors.

The 83. (in the same Clause of Roll and Membr.) is this [ 83] special writ of Summons issued to the Archbishop of York and others, varying from all the rest in some obser∣vable clauses concerning making Proxies in their ab∣sence.

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Eborum &c. Cum de avisamento, &c. ut supra, to habentur; then, Per quod mandaverimus diversis Praelatis, Comitibus, Baronibus, et aliis Proceibus regni nostri, quod consideratis dictorum ne∣gotiorum arduitate et periculis imminentibus, cessante excu∣satione quacunque, dictis die t loco personaliter intersitis No∣biscum, &c. (ut supra, to impensuri. Then comes in this special clause) Et quia modernis temporibus super salvatio∣ne et defensione Marchiae Scotiae estis multipliciter occupati: Vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter in∣jungendo mandamus; quod dictis negotiis et periculis per vos debitè ponderatis, aliquem idoneum Procuratorem, in quo benè confiditis, de voluntate et intentione vestris plenius infor∣matum, in loco vestri, cum sufficienti potestate ad dictos diem et locum mittatis, ad consentiendum hiis quae tunc per dictos Praelatos. Comites, et alios Proceres ordinari contigerit super negotiis antedictis. Et hoc sicut de vobis confidimus, et Nos et honorem nostrum et vestrum, ac recuperationem urium nostrorum praedictorum, salvationemque et defensionem dicti regni nostri Angliae diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. T. ut supra.

Page  52Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis sub eadem data, viz. Gilberto de Umfravill Comiti de Anegos, Thomae de Lucy, Hen. de Percy, Rad. de Nevill, Johan. de Har∣rington, Pet. de Malo-lacu, le quint, Joh. de Fauconberge, Thomae Wake de Lydell, Joh. de Moubray, Hen. Fitz Hugh, Rad. de Bulmere, Thomae Episcopo Dunolm. vel ejus Vicar. generali ipso Episcopo in remotis agente. J. Episcopo Carliol. Abbati beatae Mariae Eborum, Abba∣ti de Selbye.

[ 84] The 84. writ is thus transmitted to us, Claus. Anno 21 E. 3. pars 1. m. 28. dors.*

Rex, &c. R. eadem gratia Episcopo Cicestr. Salutem. Propter quaedam ardua negotia Nos statum et defensio∣nem regni nostri Angliae, ac expeditionem guerrarum nostrarum summe contingentia: Vobis in fide, &c. man∣damus quod omnibus aliis praetermissis, sitis apud Westm. tertio die Martii prox. futur. ibidem cum Praelatis, et caeteris Magnatibus, ac aliis de Confilio nostro super ne∣gotiis anedictis tractauri, vestrumque consilium im∣pensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac cele∣rem expeditionem Guerrarum nostrarum praedictarum diligitis nullo modo omittatis. T. Custode praedicto apud Redinges, 18. die Februarii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis, mutatis mutan∣dis, sub eadem data, viz. to 5. Bishops (one of them inser∣ted among the temporal Barons) 8. Earls, 8. Barons, 20 Abbots, and 5. Priors: without any writs to Sheriffs, Assistants, or Warden of the Cinque Ports. It being a Summons to a Council, not Parliament, which the next writ demonstrates.

[ 85] The 85. writ of Summons I finde in Claus. Anno 21 E. 3. part 2. m. 9. dorso, having a most observable clause to∣wards the end of it, which would be very acceptable now (as no doubt it was then) to the overlong uncessantly taxed, and almost exhausted people.

Rex, &c.* I. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis negotiis tam Nos et Statum Regni nostri Page  53Angliae, quam communem utilitatem populi ejusdem regni nostri contingentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino S. Hillarii prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac communem utilita∣tem populi praedicti diligis, ulltenus omttatis. Praemuntentes &c. Et scire vos volumus, Quod dictum Parliamentum non ad Auxilia seu Tallagia a populo dicti regni nostri petenda, vel alia onera eidem populo imponenda,*set duntaxat pro justicia ipsi populo nostro super damnis et gravaminibus sibi illatis facienda (a very welcome clause in this exacting, oppresing, unrighteous age of manifold grievances and Injuries of all kinds fit to be thus redressed in a particular Parliament summoned for that end) Et pro tractatibus super dictis negotiis, ut prae∣mittitur habend. fecimus summoneri. Teste Rege apud Westm. 13. die Novemb. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Archepisc. Eborum, &c. and 19 Bishop, 24 Abbots, and 2. Priors.

The 86. is this memorable writ of Summons I meet [ 86] with in Claus. Anno 22 E. 3. parte 1. m. 32. dorso.

Rex, &c.* I. &. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Cum juxta formam Treugarum inter Nos et adversarium nostrum Frnciae apud Calesiam initarum, concordatum fuisset, quod nonnulli solempnes Nuncii durantibus dictis Treugis, tàm ex parte nostra, quàm dicti adversarii nostri ad sedem Aposto∣licam ad tractandum ibidem de finali Pace inter Nos et dic∣tum adversarium nostrum mitterentur; Et licet super hoc certos competentes Nunios ad sentiendam voluntatem Dom. Summi Pontificis super quibusdam praeparationis, tam dictum tactaum pacis, quammissionem hujusmodi majorum so∣lempnium Nunciorum concernentibus, ac aliis de causis mot∣vis plurimum ad dictam sedem circiter festum S. Andreae Apostoli prox. praeteritum duxerimus transmittends, tunc sperantes certam responsionem ab ipsis Nu ciis in ultimo Par∣liamento nostro apud Westm. tento veresimiliter habuisse, de quibus quidem Nuncis, seu eorum expedtione hactenus non recepimus quicquam certum: Propter quod missionem majo∣rum▪ Nunciorum nostrorum solempnium adhuc posuimus in Page  54 suspenso; Et quia Deo dante, de dictis Nunciis et eorum expeditione in proximo habere credimus certa nova, super quibus, ac etiam et super eo quod contra formam dictarum Treugarum ex parte ipsius adversarii nostri juratarum, quae∣dam notabiliter ponderanda, et in favorem nostri, et nostro∣rum fidelium ecallegatorum adimplenda, per partis adversae maliciam, minime sunt impleta, necnon super eo quod dictus noster adversarius contra bonam fidem, desperata pace pro parte sua promissa, maximam multitudinem hominum ad ar∣ma, ac aliorum, ac navium et galiarum, potentius quam hactonus auditum fuerat, procurat, ad dictum regnum no∣strum Angliae hostiliter invadendum, ac Nos et Dominium nostrum pro viribus subvertendum, prout ut haec per manife∣sta indicia satis liqueant, expedit, ut cum Praelatis, Magna∣tibus et Proceribus ejusdem regni, absque moris dispendio salubre consilium habeamus, per quod ex causis praedictis, et pro aliis gentem et terram Scotiae, necnon pro quibusdam variis negotiis multum arduis tam Nos quam Statum totius regni nostri praedicti specialiter contingentibus Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Westm. ad diem Lunae prox. futur. te∣nere, vobiscumque ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus & Proceribus praedictis colloquium habere volumus et tracta∣tum. Et ideo vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis te∣nemini firmiter injungendo mandamus, quatenus cessante ex∣cusatione quacunque, dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis, Nobiscum, ac cum caetenis Praelatis, Magnatibus, et Pro∣ceribus dicti regni super negotiis praedictis tractaturi, ve∣strumque consilium impensuri. Praemunientes Priorem et Capitulum Ecclesiae vestrae Christi Cantuariae, ac Archi∣diaconos, totumque Clerum vestrae Dioc. quod idem Prior et Archidiaconi in propriis personis suis, ac dictum Capitu∣lum per unum, idemque Clerus per duos Procuratores idoneos, plenam et sufficientem potestatem ab ipsis Capitulo et Clero babentes praedictis die et loco personaliter inter sint, ad consen∣tiendum hiis quae tunc ibidem de Communt Consilio ipsius regni nostri, divina favente clementia contigerit ordina∣ri. Teste Rege apud Westm. 14. die Februarii. Per ipsum Regem.

Page  55Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis sub eadem data, viz. Arch. Eborum, and 19. Bishops 24 Abbots, and 2. Priors more.

The 87 writ is this of Claus. Anno 22. E. 3. parte 2. [ 87] m. 7. dorso.*

Rex, &c. R. eadem gratia Episcopo London. Salutem. Quia pro magnis et arduis negotiis inter quosdam fide∣les nostros ex parte nostra, et quosdam Magnates et ali∣os ex parte adversariorum nostr. Franciae, quosdamque ex parte Comitis et Gentis Flandriae. jam noviter apud Cales. tractatis, necnon pro diversis aliis urgentibus Negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri Angliae summe con∣tingentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum S. Hillaru prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. colloquium habere volumus et tracta∣tum Vobis in fide, &c. dictis die et loco in propria persona vestra absque Procuratore faciendo inter∣sitis Nobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem no∣strum, ac expeditionem negotiorum nostrorum, necnon utilitatem et commodum regni nostri Angliae diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. Praemunintes, &c. Scituri pro certo, quod attenta dictorum negotiorum arduitate Pro∣curatores aliquos pro vobis, seu ex parte vestra ad diem praedictum admittere, seu absentiam vestram excusatam habere nolumus ullo modo. Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Novemb. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis sub eadem da∣ta, viz. J. de Ostord Decano Lincoln. Electo Cantuar. confirmato, W. Episcopo Winton, and 16. Bishops, 28. Abbots, and 3. Priors more.

Besides there issued a writ to W. eadem gratia Episcopo Wigorn. in the same form to omittatis: and then thus: Quacunque concessione vobis pro immunitate vestra de non ventendo ad Parliamenta nostra prius concessa non obstante. Praemunientes, &c. Teste ut supra.

After which follows another writ; Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiep. Eborum: in like form till tractatum; with this different clause from the other writs; Vobis in fide, &c.Page  56 mandamus, quod aliquem idoneum et sufficientem Procura∣torem pro vobis in quo confiditis ad dictos diem et locum, o quod vos propter corporis vestri debilitatem laborare non po••∣ritis, quo praetextu personalem praesentiam vestram ist avice excusatam habere volumus, mittati, Nobiscum, ac cum cae∣teris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti, &c. ut supra. Praemuntentes, &c. Teste ut supra.

[ 88] The 88. an ordinary writ is thus enrolled. Claus. An. 24 E. 3 par. 2. m. 3. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archep. Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos, et staum et bonum regimen regni nostri, et aliarum terrarum et Dominiorum nostrorum contingentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Octabis Purificationis beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur. tenere, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum et commune commodum dicti regni nostri Angliae diligitis nullatenus omittatis. Praemu∣nientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 25 die Novemb. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est, sub eadem data. Arch. Eborum. and 18. Bishops, 25. Abbots, and 2. Priors more.

[ 89] The 89. writ is entred Claus. Anno 25 E. 3. part 1. m. 5. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Catuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri, et necessariam defensionem ejusdem regni contingentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm▪ die Veneris in crastino S. Hillarii prox. futur. tenere, & hoc (as before, writ 88.) Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege a∣pud Westm. 15. die Novembr. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Eborum. and 18. o∣ther Bishops, 24. Abbots, and 2. Priors: This special note is entred in the Roll and Lists of the Abbors ••mes then summoned after Abbati de Croyland. Abbas Leicestr, cancellatur, quia habet Cartam Regis quod non compellatur venire ad Parliamentum;* His Patent of Exemption is Page  57 entred in Rot. Pat. 26 E. 3. par 2. m. 22. Prited in Mr. Seldens Titles of Honor, Book 2. ch. 5. p. 734, 735, and in my Plea for the Lords, p. 155, 156.

The 90. is this coniderable writ. with some unusual [ 90] clauses in Claus. An. 26 E. 3. m. 14. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Arch. Cantuar. &c. Quia pro magnis∣et urgentibus negotiis, et novis subitis ad Nos perlatis Nos et statum ac jura regni nostri Angliae summe con∣cernentibus, super quibus festinum et providum oportet exhiberi remedium, uobiscum ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceibus, et aliis fidelibus nostris dicti regni apud Westm. in crastino Assumptionis beaae Ma∣riae virginis prox. futur. collquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem et defensionem et commodum dicti regni nostri diligitis, et subversionem ejus viare volueriis, nullo moo omittatis. Nos de die receptio∣nis praesentium et per quem vobis dilatae fuerint certifi∣cantes tunc ibidem. Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Iul. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimlia Brevia diriguntur to 1. Bishops, Priori Hspitalis Ierusalem in Anglia, Abbati Westm. There being no more Priors or Abbots named in the Roll, but these 3. summoned by special writs.

But the writs to the Bishops of Exon, Bath and Wells, Coventry and Litchfield, St Davids, Rochester, Bangor, Assaven. Landaff and Carliol. have this clause in them, in which they vary from the former: Dictis die et loco per vos vel per Procur atorem vestrum idoeum intersitis Nobis∣cum, &c.

The 91. are these 3. special writs of Summons to ap∣pear [ 91] before this Council, thus recorded in this Roll▪

(g) Rex d lecto sibi in Christo fratri Ranulpho Monacho Abbatiae Cestriae, Salutem.* Quibusdam certis de causis vobis mandamus firmiter injungentes, quod sitis personaliter coram Nobis et Consilio nostro apud estm. die Martis, prox. post festum Assumptionis beate Mariae virginis prox. futur. una cum omnibus Canonicis vestris, et quae sunt in Cstodia Page  58 vestra, ad loquendum et ractandum cum dicto Consilio super aliquibus quae tunc vobis expetuntur ex parte nostra. Et sub periculo quod incumbit nullatenus omittatis. Tete Rege apud Westm. 8 die Augusti.

Et mandatum est Abbati Abbatiae praedictae, quod praefa∣um Ranulphum ad diem et locum praedictos habeat ex causa praedicta. Teste ut supra.

Rex dilecto sibi in Chriso Priori Provinciali Ordinis Fra∣trum Praedicatorum in Anglia, salutem. Quibusdam certis de causis vobis mandamus firmiter injungentes, quod sitis personalter coram Nobis et Consilio nostro apud Westmon. die Martis prox. post festum Assumptionis beatae Mariae vir∣ginis prox: futur. ad loquendm et tractandum, &c. Teste ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est Priori Provinciali Ordinis beatae Mariae de Monte Carmeli in Anglia, de essendo co∣ram dicto Consilio, die Iovis prox. post Assumptionem beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur. sub eadem data.

These I conceive were all summoned rather as private informers, than Members of this Council; being to ap∣pear Coram Nobis et Consilio nostro: not to be Members thereof.

[ 92] The 92. is this writ, in Claus. Anno 27 E. 3. m. 12. dorso.

Rex,* &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Canuar. &c. Quia pro magnis et urgentibus negoiis Nos et staum regni Ang∣liae summe concernentibus, vobiscum &c. et aliis fideli∣bus dicti regni apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum S. Matthaei Apostoli prox. futur. Colloquium habere vo∣lumus et tractatum. Vobis, &c. Et hoc sict Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem et deensionem ac commodum dicti regni nostri diligitis nullatenus omit∣tatis. Nos de die receptionis praesentium et per quem vobis delatae fuerint certificantes tunc ibidem. Tese Rege apud Westm. 15. die Iulii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Eorum. et 19. Bishops, 25 Abbots, and 2. Priors.

Page  59 The 93. is this writ in Claus. 28 E. 3. m. 26. dorso. [ 93]

Rex,* &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia pro magnis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri Angliae, ac salvationem et defensionem ejusdem regni summe concernentibus Parliamentum nostrum a∣pud Westm. die Lune prox. post festum S. Marci Evange∣listae prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 15. die Martii. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur I. Arch. Eborum: to 19. other Bishops, 24 Abbots, 2. Priors.

The 94. writ is thus entred, Claus. 29. E. 3. m. 8. dor∣so. [ 94]

Rex,*&c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et Statum regni Angliae, ac necessariam defensioem ejusdem regni concernentibus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Jovis in crstino S. Martini prox. futur, teere, et vobis∣cum, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, et com∣mune commodum et salvationem et defensionem dicti regni nostri Angliae diligitis, &c. Prmunientes, &c. Teste Re∣ge apud Portsmoth 20. die Septembris. Per ipsum gem.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, I. Arch. Eborum. 18. Bishops, whereof one is Electo Elien. confirmato; 25 Ab∣bots, 2 Priors: One of the 25 Abbots was Abbati de Lei∣cestr. over against which is written in the Margin. Can∣cellatur Abbas Leicestriae quia habet Cartam Regis,*quod non compellatur venire ad Parliamentum.

After which in the same Roll followes this 95. writ to [ 95] the Archbishop of Canterbury and another to York to summon a Convocation of the Clergy.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. (just in the same form and words as before, to vesrumque Consilium im∣pensuri. Then follows this clause.) Et quia expedit quod negotia praedicta quae salvationem et defensionem dicti regni nostri sic contingunt, salubriter et efficaciter cum bona et ma∣tura deliberatione deducantur; Vobis m••damus rogantes Page  60 quatenus omnes Episcopos et Abbates, necnon Decanos et Prio∣res tam Ecclesiarum Cathedralium quam Collegiatarum, exemptos et non exemptos, Archidiaconos et totum Clerum vestrae Provincae apud Ecclesiam S. Pauli London. die Lu∣nae prox. post dictum festum S. Martini convocari faciatis. Ita quod dicti Episcopi, Decani, et Priores Ecclesiarum Ca∣thedralium, et Abbates exempti et non exempti, et Archidi∣coni personaliter, et quodlibet Capitulorum dictorum Ec∣clesiarum Cathedralium per unum, et Clerus cujuslibet Dioc∣per duos Procuratores sufficientem potestatem habenes apud dictam Ecclesiam S. Pauli dicto die Lunae intersint; ad trac∣tand. et conslend. super praemissis una vobiscum et aliis per Nos illuc mittendis; et ad consentiendum hiis qu tunc ibi∣dem super dictis negotiis divina favete clementia contigeri ordinari: Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvatio∣nem et defensionem dicti regni nostri diligitis nullatenus o∣mittatis. Teste Rege apud Westm. 25 die Septembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimiles literae diriguntur I. Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rm, Primati Angliae, de Clero suae Provinciae die Lunae in Crastino S. Nicholai prox. futur. apud Ecclesiam beai Petri Eborum, ex causa praedicta convoando. Teste ut supra.

[ 96] The 95. writ is that of Claus. Anno 31 E. 3. m. 21. dorso. very considerable.*

Rex▪ &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et sta∣tum regni nostri Angliae, et necessariam desensionem e∣jusdem regni et ECCLELIAE ANGLICANAE contin∣gentibus, ordinavimus Parliamntum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post Sepimanam Paschae prox. futur. tenere, et vobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicu Nos et ho∣orem nostrum, ac commune commodum, et salvationem t defensionem regni ac ECCLESIAE praedictorum dili∣gitis, nullatenus omittatis. Praemunientes, &c. Et quia propter arduitatem praedictorum negotiorum et ce∣leriorem expeditionem eorundem volumus primo die Parliamenti personaliter interesse; Nolumu nec inten∣dimus Page  61 vos, aut aliquem alium ad dictum Parliamentum summonitum, quin eodem primo die personaliter inter∣sitis habere ullo modo excusato, nec excusationem a vo∣bis admittere aliqualem. Teste Rege apud Westm. 15 die Februarii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium:

Consimilia brevia diriguntur subscriptis, mutatis mu∣tandis, sub eadem data, viz. I. Arch. Eborum, 18 Bi∣shops, 24 Abbots, and 1. Prior.

After which follows this 97. memorable writ in the [ 97] same Roll and dorso,* to summon a Convocation of the Clergy.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Cantuar. &c. (verbatim▪ a before, to vestrumque consilium impensuri. Then follows this clause;) Et quia praedicta negotia perquam ardua sine maxima deliberatione tam Praelatorum et Cleri, quam Magna∣tum et Communitatis ejusdem regni nullo modo expe∣diri poterunt, ad quorum expeditionem Auxilium et Consilium tam a vobis et Clero, quam a dictis Magnati∣bus et Communitate habere necessario Nos oportet; Vo∣bis rogamus mandantes, quatenus omnes Episcopos et Abbates, necnon Decanos et Priores, tam Ecclesiarum Cathedralium quam Collegiatarum exemptos et non exemptos, Archidiaconos et totum Clerum vestrae Pro∣vinciae apud Ecclesiam S. Pauli Lond. in crastino S. Georgii prox. sequent. Convocari faciatis. Ita quod dicti Epis∣cop, &c. (as before writ 95.) apud dictam Ecclesiam S. Pauli in crastino S. Georgii, cum continuatione et prorogatione dierum tunc sequentium quatenus dicta negoia id requirun, intersint, ad tractand. et consu∣lend▪ super praemis is una Nobiscum, et aliis per Nos illuc mittendis: Et hoc sicut nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvaionem et defensionem dicti regni nostri, ac EC∣CLESIAE ANGLICANAE diligitis, nullatenus omit∣tais. Teste Rege apud Westm. 22 die Februarii. Per i▪ sum Regem.

The 98. writ is thus enrolled, Claus. Ann 31. Ed. 3. [ 98] m. 2. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archie. Cantuar. &c. Quia proPage  62 quibsdam arduis et urgentibus negotis Nos et Statum regni nostri Angliae, et necessariam defensionem ejusdem Regni et ECCLESIAE ANGLICANAE concernentibus, ordinavi∣mus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum Purificationis beatae Mariae virginis prox. futur. tenere. Et vobiscm, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem no∣strum, ac commune commodum et salvationem et defensionem REGNI ET ECCLESIAE praedictae diligitis, nullatenus omitatis. Praemunietes, &c. Et quia propter arduitatem negotiorum praedictorum ac celeriorem expeditionem eorundē volumus primo die Parliamenti interesse, nolumus, nec inten∣dimus vos aut aliquem alium ad dictum Parliamentum sum∣monitum, quin eodem primo die personaliter intersitis habere ullo modo excusaos, nec excusationem à vobis admittere ali∣qualem. Teste Rege apud Westm. 15 die Septembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis, mutatis mutan∣dis, sub eadem data, viz. I. Arch. Eborum, &c. 18 Bi∣shops, 24 Abbots, and 1. Prior.

[ 99] The 99. writ you may find in Claus. Anno 32 E. 3. m. 14. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiep. Cant. &c. Quia pro qui∣busdam arduis et urgentibus negotis Nos et Statum Regni nostri Angliae, et jura Coronae nostrae Angliae summe con∣cernentibus, vobiscum, et cum caeteris Praelatis, &c. die Do∣minica prox. post festum S. Margaretae virginis prox. futur. apud Westm. Colloquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honore nostrum, ac salvaionem dicti regni nostri Angliae, ac juriū Coronae ejusdem regni diligitis nullo modo omittatis. Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Iunii. Per ipsum Regem et▪ Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis sub eadem data; viz. to 6 Bishops, 6 Abbots, 2. Priors, and Decano wellensi; and none else of the Clergy; nor any writs to Assistants, Sheris, or the Warden of the Cinqueports for electing Knights, Citizens, Burgesses, or Barons of the Cinqueports: Therefore only a Council, not a Parlia∣ment; Page  63 as was this next ensuing: summoned by this 100 writ, Claus. Anno 33 E. 3. m. 10. dorso. [ 100]

Rex,* &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cat. &c. Cum pro expeditione guerrae nostrae Franciae, ac savatione et de∣ensione regni nostri Angliae, sumus ad partes transmari∣nas in prox. Deo duce, personaliter profecturi: et Tho∣mamilium nostrum carissimum Custodem dicti regni nostri Angliae, et locum nostri tenentem in eodem reg∣no, dum Nos sic absentari contigerit, vel alias nostrae placuerit voluntati constiuimus, ac intimum inideat cordi nostro, quod Pax noster in eodem regno inviola∣biliter conserveur, et idem regnum ab hostium incursi∣bus defendatur; per quod ordinavimus, quod super prae∣missis et alis arduis negotiis Nos et statum dicti regni nostri concernentibus quoddam Consilium Praelatorum et aliorum Magnatum et Procerum ejudem regni apud Westm. die Dominica prox. ante festum S. Martini in prox. futur. teneatur. Vobis in fide, &c. vestrumque conilium impensuri; Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem no∣strum, ac salvationem et defensionem dicti regni nostri, ac tranquillitaem pacis ejusdem diligitis nullo modo omittatis. Teste Rege apud Sandwicum, 10 die Octobris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur to 6. Bishops, 2. Priors, and 4. Abbots, more; 6. Earls, and 19 Lords or great men, without any writs to Assistants, Sherifs, or War∣den of the Cinque Ports.

The 101. is this writ in Claus. Anno 34 E. 3. m. 35. [ 101] dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos ac salva∣tionem et desensionem regni nostri▪ Angliae summe cou∣tingentibus, Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Veneris in crasino Ascentionis Domini prox. futur. te∣nere volumus, et ibide vobiscum▪ &c. Mandamus, quod consideratis dictorum negotiorum arduitate et pe∣riculis imminentibus cessante excusatione quacunque dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, seu Page  64 cum Custode dicti regni nostri si tune contigerit Nos abesse; ac caeteris Praelatis, &c. Ne quod absit, per vestri absentiam, quam cessnte impedimento legitimo et evidente, nullo modo excusatam habere volumus, ex∣peditio negotiorum nostrorum praedictorum retar etur, seu aliqualiter differatur. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Custode praedicto apud Wesm. 3 die Aprilis. Per ip∣sum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est sub eadem data, I. Arch. Eborum, &c. 17 Bishops. Custodi Spiritualitatis Episco∣patus Covent. & Lihf. vacante et in mn Regis exstene, 22 Abbots, and the Prior of St. Iohns Hospital Ierusa∣lem.

[ 102] The 102. writ, you may peruse in Claus. Anno 34 E. 3. m. 4. dorso.

Rex,* &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et sta∣tum, et bonum regimen regni nostri Angliae concernen∣tibus, ordinavimus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Dominica prox. ante festum Conversionis S. Pauli prox. futur. teneri, et vobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac bonum regimen, ac commune commodum ejusdem regni diligitis, nullatenus omitta∣tis. Praemuniences, &c. Et quia propter arduitatem ne∣gotiorum praedictorum, ac ceeriorem expeditionem eo∣ruudem volumus primo die Parliamenti personalier in∣teresse, nolumus, &c. (as before writ 98.) Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Novembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur I. Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rum, to 17. Bishops more, 24 Abbots, and the Prior of St Iohns Ierusalem.

[ 103] The 103. writ is inserted into Claus. Anno 36 E. 3. m. 16. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiep. Cntuar. &c. Quia super quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos et Statum regni nostri Angliae concernentibus, Parliamentum no∣strum apud Westm. in Quindena S. Michaelis prox. fu∣tur. Page  65 teneri ordinavimus, et vobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut nos et honorem nostrum et expeditionem negotiorum diligitis nullaenus omittatis. Praemunientes, &c. Sci∣entes insue, quod propter arduitatem negotiorum praedictorum Procuratores, seu excusationem aliquam legitimo cessante impedimento pro vobis admittere no∣lumus ista vice. Teste Rege apud Windesor 14 die Au∣gusti. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur sub eadem data, I. Ar∣chiep. Eborum: to 17. other Bishops: Custodi Spiritua∣litatis Episcopatus Lincoln. and likewise Episcopaus Ci∣cestriae sede vacante, 22 Abbots, and 3. Priors.

The 104. writ is extant, Claus. Anno 37 E. 3. m. 22. [ 104] dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia super quibusdam arduis, &c. (as next before) Parlia∣mentum nostrum apud Westm. in octabis S. Michaelis prox. futur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Scientes insuper, &c. (as next before.) Teste Rege apud VVestm. 1. die Iunii. Per ipsum Regem et Consili∣um.

Consimilia Brevia diiguntur I. Archiep. Eborum, to 18 other Bishops, 23 Abbots, and 3 Priors.

The 105. writ is entred in Claus. An. 38 E. 3. m. 3. [ 105] dorso.*

Rex, &c. I. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia su∣per quibusdam, &c. ac jure Coronae nostrae concernen∣tibus, Parliametum nostrum apud VVestm. in Octabis S. Hillarii prox. futur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Praemu∣nientes, &c. Scientes insuper, &c. (as in 103. before.) Teste Rege apud VVestm. 4 die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur Iohanni Archiepiscopo Eborum. 15 Bishops more; Vicario generali Episcopo Ci∣cestr. ipso Episcopo in remotis agente. Custodi Spiritualita∣tis, Episcopatus Roffensis sede vaante, de praemuniend. ut supra. 23 Abbots, and 3. Priors.

The 106. writ (having one special clause differing from [ 106] *Page  66 the former) is registred, Claus. Anno 39 E. 3. m. 2. dorso.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia, &c. ac jura Coronae nostrae concernentibus Parliamentum no∣strum apud VVestm. die Lunae in crastino Inventionis San∣ctae Crucis prox. futur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Praemuni-entes, &c. Scientes insuper, &c. Et quia expeditio nego∣tiorum praedictorum multum insidet cordi nobis, vos attente rogamus quatenus die Dominica prox. ante dic∣um diem Lunae apud London esse velitis. Ita quod eo∣dem die Lunae mane apud VVestm. vos cum aliis Praela∣tis et Magnatibus illuc tunc venturi esse valeatis; quia eodem die Parliamentum praedictum inchoare, et ibiem personaliter e••e volumus omni modo. Teste Rege apud VVestm. 20 die Ianuarii. Per ipsum Regem et Consili∣um.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rum. 18 Bishops, 23 Abbots and 3. Priors.

[ 107] The 107. writ appears in Claus. 42 E. 3. m. 22. dor∣so.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia, &c. Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. primo die Maii prox futur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Scien∣tes insuper quod propter arduitatem, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 24 die Februarii. Per ipsum Regem et Con∣silium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. Iohanni Archiep. Eborum, 19 Bishops, 23 Abbots, and 2 Priors.

[ 108] The 108. writ is to be found Claus. An 43 E. 3. m. 24. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia, &c. Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Octabis S. Trinitatis prox. futur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Praemuni∣entes, &c. Scientes insuper, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 6 die Aprilis. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. Iohanni Archiepiscopo Eborum,7 Bishops, 23 Abbots, and 2 Priors.

Page  67 The 109. writ shews it self in Claus. Anno 44 E. 3. [ 109] m. 1. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia su∣per &c. Nos et Statum ac defensionem regni nostri Ang∣liae, ac jura Coronae nostrae concernentibus, Parliamen∣tum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae in prima Septimana Quadragesimae, viz. in festo S. Matthaei Apostoli prox. fuur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Sci∣etes insuper quod propter arduiatem, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 8. die Ianuarii. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. J. Arch. Eborum: 18 Bishops, Custodi Spiritualitatis Episcopatus Bangor, side vacante, 24 Abbots, and 2 Priors.

The 110. writ, is visible in Claus. Anno 46 E. 3. m. [ 110] 11. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. Archiepiscopo Cantur. Quia de avi∣samento Consilii nostri ordinavimus, quod super arduis et urgentibus negotiis tam Nos et-expeditionem guerrae nostrae ac juria nostra, et Coronae nostrae in partibus trans∣marinis, quam statum et defensionem regni nostri Ang∣liae et ECCLESIAE ANGLICANAE, contingenti∣us, quoddam Parliamentum apud Westm. in Quinde∣na S. Michaelis prox. futur. teneatur: et ibidem vobis∣cum, &c. Colloquium et tractatus habeantur. Vobis, &c. mandamus, quod consideratis dictorum negotiorum arduitate, et periculis imminentibus cessante quacunque excusatione dict is die et loco personaliter intersit is No∣biscum, seu cum Ricardo filio carissimi Primogeniti no∣stri Edwardi, Principis Aquitaniae et Walliae, CUSTODE regni nostri Angliae, et locum nostri tenente in eodem regno si tunc contigerit Nos abesse, ac caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus, &c. Et hoc scut Nos et ho∣norem nostrum, ac salvationem regni terrarum et jurium nostrorum praedictorum ac ECCLESIAE SANCTAE, expeditionemque di••orum negotiorum diligitis nullo modo omittatis. Ne quod absit, per vestri absentiam (quam cessante impedimento legiimo nullo modo ex∣cusatam habere volumus) expeditio negotiorum nostro∣rum Page  68 praedictorum retardetur, seu aliqualiter differatur, Praemunietes, &c. Teste Custode praedicto apud Walyng∣ford 1. die Septembris. Per ipsum Regem, ac dictum Custodem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diiguntur, &c. Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rum, 17 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus, particu∣larly named in the Roll.

The like writ issued to Thomas Bishop of Durham; but with this different clause next after Consilium vestrum impensuri, viz. Et quia mdernis temporibus super salvatio∣ni et defensione Marehiae Scotiae istis mandato nostro multi∣plieiter occupati. Vobis in fide, &c. mandamus, quod dictis negotiis et periculis perv os debitè ponderatis, si videritis quod ad Parliamentum praedictum commodè pervenire non poteri∣tis, tunc aliquem idoneum Procuratorem in quo bene confiditis, de voluntate et intentione vestris plenius informatum loco ve∣stro cum sufficiente potestate ad dictos diem et locum mittatis, ad consentiendum hiis quae tunc per dictos Praelatos, Comites, et alios Proceres ordinari contigerit super negotiis antedictis. Et hoc sicut de vobis confidimus, et Nos et honorem nostrum et vestrum, recuperationem jurium nostrorum praedictorum, salvationemque et defensionem dicti regni nostri Angliae dili∣gitis nullatenus omittatis. Praemunientes, &c. Teste ut su∣pra. Per ipsum Regem, ac dictum Custodem ec Con∣silium.

Consimile Breve dirigitur Thomae Episcopo Kar∣liol.

[ 111] The 111. writ is thus trunsmitted to posterity, Claus. Anno 47 E. 3. m. 13. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia de avisameato Consilii nostri pro quibusdam arduis, &c. (as in the 110. writ before) quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino S. Edwardi Regis prox. futur. te∣nere ordinavimus, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos, &c. Ne quod ab∣sit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. (as in the said 110 writ) Te∣ste Rege apud Westm. 4 die Octobris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. I. Archiepiscopo Page  69 Eborum: 18. Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus, na∣med in the Roll.

The 112. writ is thus registred, Claus. Anno 49 E. 3. [ 112] m. 6. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia de avisamento Consilii nostri, pro quibusdam, &c. Nos et Statum et defensionem regni nostri Angliae, et ECCLESI∣AE ANGLICANAE contingentibus, quoddaem Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. duodecimo die Februarii prox. fu∣tur. teneri ordinavimus, et ibidem vobiscum, &c. Et hoc si∣cut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem regni praedicti et ECCLESIAE SANCTAE, expeditionemque dictorum negotiorum diligitis nullatenus omitiatis. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Langele 28 die De∣cembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. A. Archiep. Ebo∣rum, 19 Episcopis, 23 Abbatibus, and 2 Proceribus.

The 113. writ is preserved in Claus. An. 50 E. 3. part [ 113] 2. m. 6. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cintuar. &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. (just as in 112. before) quoddam Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Quindena S. Hilarii prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, et ibidem vobiscum, &c. Et hoc sicut, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. (as next before.) Teste Rege apud Westm. primo die Decem∣bris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. Alex. Archiepiscopo Eborum, 17 Episcopis, 21 Abbatibus, Priori S. Johannis Jerusalem in Anglia, Priori de Coventr.

The 114. is this memorable writ in Claus. 1. R. 2. m. [ 114] 31. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Cum ini∣mici nostri inter se allegati et undique hostiliter congregati regnum nostrum Angliae in pluribus locis per terram et per mare saepius invaserunt, mala quamplurima et intolerabilia nobis et ligeis nostris perpetrando, et non solum de hoc contenti, dictum regnum nostrum, ac Ecclesiam sanctam Nosque ac populum nostrum Angliae de die in diem separant totis viribus Page  70 subvertere et destruere, nisi orum malitiae adjuvante Deo fortius resistatur: unde in salvationem Status Ecclesiae sanctae et regni ac populi prdictorum necessariam defensionem sump∣tus ac census et expensas inaestimabiles, et aliquo tempore praeterito magis solito graviores effundere Nos oportet. Verum quia de copia the sauri vel bonorum in primordiis nostri regi∣minis nec mirum penitus alieni ad ipsorum onerum et sump∣tuum supportationem absque juvamine fidelium nostrorum non sufficimus sicut scitis. Vobis in fide et dlectione quibus nobis tenemini rogando mandamus▪ quatenus consideratis tam arduitate negotiorum praedictorum, quam grandibus periculis quae Ecclesiae et regno praedicto oculata fide, imminere con∣spicitis, attentis, et debite consider atis, Suffraganeos vestros, Decanos et Priores Cathedralium Ecclesiarum, Abbates, Priores et alios electivos, exemptos et non exemptos, necnon Archidiaconos, Capitula, Conventus, et Collegia, totumque Clerum cujuslibet Dioc. dictae vestrae Provinciae ad compa∣rend. coram vobis in Ecclesia S. Pauli London. vel alibi prout expedire videritis ad breviorem diem quam poteritis more solito convocari fac. et eis dictis negotiis et periculis ibi∣dem plenius expositis et declaratis, ipsos ad Subsidium in hoc casu competens et necessarium in supportationem dictorum one∣rum et sumptorum Nobis concedendi eo specialius et cum effi∣catia qua magis sciveritis vel poteritis tanta necessitate cau∣sante inducatis, et partes vestras ad hoc effectualiter appo∣natis; Nos in Cancellaria nostra de quantitate Subsidii illius certificantes. Et hoc sicut nos et honorem nostrum ac salva∣tionem et defensiontm Ecclesiae et regni praedictorum diligitis nullatenus omittatis. Teste meipso apud Westm. 29 die Septembris.

Consimile breve dirigitur A. Arch. Eborum, Angliae Pri∣mati, de Clero convocando in Ecclesia beati Petri Ebor.

[ 115] The 114. writ,* is this of Claus. Anno 1 R. 2. dorso 37. running in the ordinary form except in one particu∣lar clause.

Rex, ven. &c. S. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia cum regni et populi nostri divina permissione suscepto regimine, de avisamento Consilii nostri pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus Page  71 negotiis Nos et jura Coronae nostrae, ac Statum, salvationem et defensionem regni et populi praedicti ac Ecclesiae Anglicanae contingentibus, quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud West. in quindena S. Michaclis prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus; et ibidem vobiscum, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 4 die Augusti. Per ipsum Re∣gem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis sub eadem data vz. Alexandro Archiep. Eborum electo, &c. 19 Bishops and 23 Abbots, with the Priors of St Iohns Ierusalem, and Coventre.

The 116. writ is thus entred in the ordinary usual [ 116] form, Claus. Anno 2 R. 2. m. 3. dorso.

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia de avi∣samento, &c. Statum et defensionem regni nostri Angl. et Eccles. Anglicanae contingent. quoddam Parliamentum no∣strum apud Westm. in Quindena Paschae prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus &c. Ne quod absit per vestri absentiam (quam nisi tanta infirmitate tunc detenti sueritis quod aliqualiter illuc laborare non poteritis nullo modo excusatam habere vo∣lumus ista vice) expeditio. &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westmon. 17 die Febr. Per ipsum Regem et Con∣silium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. are issued Alex. Archiep. Ebo∣rum, and to 19. Bishops, 24. Abbots, and 2. Priors.

[ 117] The 117. is this memorable writ recorded Claus. 3 R. 2. m. 27 dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Qualiter ini∣mici nostri Franciae, et alii sibi cohaerentes inter se colli∣gati et undique hostiliter congregati regnum nostrum Angl. pertera et per mare saepius invaserunt, mala quam∣plurima et intollerabilia Nobis et legiis nostris inferen∣do, et non solum de hoc contenti dictum regnum nostrum et Ecclesiam sanctam, Nosque et totam linguam Angli∣canam subvertere et destruere de die in diem totis viri∣bus se conantur nisi eorum malitiae adjuvante Deo for∣tius resistatur, vos non credimus ignorare; unde in sal∣vationem, &c. (as Claus. 1 R. 2. m. 31. before, to o∣mittatis.) Page  72 Teste Rege apud Westm. 2. die Decembris.

Consimiles literae dirigunt ur Alex. Archiep. Eborum, Angliae Primati ad convocandum Clerum in Ecclesiae be∣ati Petri Eborum. Teste ut supra.

[ 118] The 118. writ is thus recorded in the usual form, Claus. 3 R. 2. m. 32. dorso.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia de avisamento &c. Quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum S. Hilarii prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, as last before; Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Octobris.

Consimiles literae diriguntur Alex. Arch. Eborum: 19 Episcopis, 23 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 119] The 119. writ is that in usual form of Claus. 4 R. 2.*

Rex, &c. S. &c. Archiepiscopo Cant. &c. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Northampton die Lunae prox. post festum Omnium Sanctorum prox. futur. te∣neri ordinavimus, &c. nullatenus omittatis. Ne quod absit pro vestri absentiam (quam nisi tanta infirmitate detenti fueritis quod aliqualiter illuc laborare non pote∣ritis nullo modo excusatam habere volumus ista vice) expeditio dictorum negotiorum nostrorum retardatur aut aliqualiter differatur. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 26 die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem et Con∣silium.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis sub eadem data, viz. A. Arch. Eborum, &c. 19 Bishops, 25 Abbots, 2 Priors.

[ 120] The 120. is this observable writ in Claus. 5 R. 2. m. 12. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Cant. &c. Satis est vo∣bis, sicut et caeteris Praelatis, Proceribus, aliisque Domi∣nis Subditis nostris regni nostri manifestum, qualiter in ultimo Parliamento nostro vos Domini, Magnates et Communitates regni nostri Angliae quoddam subsidium de lanis cariis et pellibus laniatis Nobis gratanter con∣cesserunt ad certum tempus futur. percipiend. ad effec∣tum Page  73 quod de denariis de Subsidio praedicto provenien∣tibus aliqua ordinatio, sive aliquod viagium pro defen∣sione terrae nostrae, et gravamine inimicis nostris publi∣cis inferend. et celeriori acceleratione finis guerrae ma∣gis expediens fieri ac parari possit, et effectualiter pro∣videri. Ac nos super executione effectus praedicti as∣sistentibus Nobis quibusdam Magnatibus, Dominis et peritis de Consilio nostro, efficacissime recolentes eo∣rum nunc propositum, ad partes exteras ex causis prae∣missis, volente Deo, cum sufficienti Comitiva persona∣liter transfretare; Nos advertentes hujusmodi propo∣tum nostrum absque Chevantia competenti ad optatum finem commode deduci non posse, et ut in absentia no∣nostra pro expedienti et necessario regimine regni no∣stri debitè provideatur, necnon qualiter dicta Chevan∣tia quietus et citius fieri, ac creditoribus nostris in hac parte melior & firmior securitas solutionum dari pote∣rit et vallari, volentes prospicere prout decet, disposui∣mus de avisamento Consilii nostri praedicti in crastino Sancti Iohannis ante portam latinam prox. futur. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. tenere, et vo∣biscum, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. (as next before.) Prae∣munientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 24 die Martii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. A. Arch. Eborum, &c. 19 other Bishops mutatis mutandis, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

The 121 writ I find in Claus. 5 R. 2. m. 40. dorso. [ 121] *

Rex, Custodi Spiritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Cantuar. sede vacante. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parlia∣mentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post Festum exaltationis sancta Crucis prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c Ne quod absit, &c. (as before in the two last writs) Praemunicutes, &c. T. Rege apud Villam de S. Alban. 16 die Julii. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. A. Arch. Eborum, &c. 18 E∣piscopis, Custodi Spiritualitatis Episcopatus Dunolm. sede vaante, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

Page  74 [ 122] The 122. is this memorable writ in Claus. 6 R. 2, part 1. m. 4. dorso.*

Rex, W. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia referente fama publica ad nostrum pervenit certitudinaliter intellec∣tum, quod Carolus, adversarius noster Franciae principa∣lis, subjugata sibi maxima parte Flandriae, quae de amici∣tia nostra existebat, ad obsidend. jam Villam nostram Cales, et alia mala, dampna et gravamina Nobis et regno nostro Angliae undique inferend. et fieri procurand. to∣tis viribus se festinat, omnique diligntia machinatur. Nos maliciae dicti adversarii nostri resistere, et hjus∣modi obidionem, si quae ibidem, quod absit, fieret in event, favente Domino removere, necnon circa recu∣perationem juris nostri quod ad Coronam et regnum Franciae notori obtinemus, ac circa defensionem dicti regni no••ri et Ecclesiae Anglicanae meliorem laborare e intendere, relevamenque et succursum amicis et fi∣delibus nostris circumquaque faere et praebere cupi∣entes, e consilio et assensu quamplurimoru Praelatorum, Procerum, Magnatum, Dominorum, Militum, Burgen∣sium e Mercaorum dicti regni nostri, ad Consilium nostrum ex hac causa evocatorum, sumus in proposito in propria perona nostra ad partes transmarinas cum co∣mitativa Procerum, Magnatum et Nobilium plurimo∣rum manu forti, volente Domino proficisci. Et ut hu∣jusmodi propositum nostrum felicem sortiatur effec∣tum, ac Nobis in remotis agentibus pro expedieni et necessario regimine dicti regni nostri debite providea∣tur; et interim tam inimicis nostris Ispann. quam aliis quibuscunque, si regnum nostrum praedictum hostiiter invadere praesum, serint, fortiter et viriliter ut Oportet, et prout maxime insidet cordi nostro resistatur; dispo∣suimus de consilio et assensu praedictis die Lunae in ter∣tia Septimana Quadragesimae prox. futur. quod dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. tenere, et vobis∣cum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Proceribus, Dominis, et COMMUNITATE dicti regni nostri super praemissis et aliis urgenibus causis, statum, regnum et honorem nos∣tra Page  75 concernentibus Colloquium habere et tractatum: Vobis igitur in fide et dilectione, &c. quod considera∣ta dictorum negotiorum arduitate, cessante quacunque excusatione dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, ac cum Praelatis, Proceribus, et Prioribus praedictis super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem no∣strum, ac salvationem Regni et Ecclesiae praedictorum diligitis, nullatenus omittatis. Ne quod absit, &c. (as before.) Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 7. die Ianuarii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. A. Arch. Eborum. &c. 18 Bishops, Custodi Spiritualitatis Episcopatus Lan∣daven. sede vacante, 24. Abbatibus, 2. Prioribus.

The 123. is this usual writ, I meet with in Claus. 6 [ 123] R. 2. part. 1. m. 17. dorse. Rex, &c. W. Archiep.*Cant. &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die lunae in Octabis Sancti Mi∣chaelis prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Wodestock 9. die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem.

Cons. Brevia diriguntur A. Arch. Ebrum. 18 Epis∣copis, Custodi Spirit. Episcopatus Assaven. sede vacan∣te, 23 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 124. writ is recorded in Claus. 7 R. 2. m. 10. [ 124] dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. Quia de avi∣samento, &c. quoddam Parliament▪ nostrum apud Novam Sarum die Veneris prox. post festum S. Marci Evangeli∣stae prox. futur. tenere ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod ab∣sit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 3 die Marcii▪ Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. A. Arch. Eborum, &c. 19 Episcopis, 24. Abbatibus, 2. Prioribus

The 125. is this uncommon writ of Claus. An. 7 R. [ 125] 2. m. 37. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. Archiepic. Cant. &c. Quia de assensu et deliberatione Consilii nostri pro certo Tractatu super Page  76 pace inter Nos, et regnum, terras, Dominia ac ubdi∣tos nostros ex una parte, et magnificum Principem Ro∣bertum consanguineum nostrum Scotae, et ejus terras, Dominia, et Subditos ex alia, favente Domino facienda, mediante Consilio et assens vestris, ac aliorum Praela∣torum, Procerum, Magnatum ac Communitatis regni nostri Angliae ineundo, ac pro aliis arduis et urgentibus negotiis, Nos, Statum et defensionem Regni nostri praedicti Ecclesiaeque Anglicanae multipliciter contin∣gentibus, disposuimus die Lunae prox. ante festum Om∣nium Sanctorum prox. futur. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. tenere, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 20. die Aug. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur A. Archiep. Eborum. &c. 18. Episcopis, H. Episcopo Norwicen. vel ejus Vicario generali ipso in remotis agente, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 126] The 126. writ is this of Claus. 7 R. 2. m. 33. which is observable.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Qualitr inimici nostri Franciae, et alii sibi adherentes in se obligati et undique hostiliter congregati Regnum nostrum Angliae per terram et mare saepius invaserunt, mala quam pluima et intolerabilia nobis et ligeis nostris inferendo, et non solum de hoc contenti dictum Regnum nostrum et Ecclesiam sanc∣t••m, Nósque et totam linguam Anglicanam subvertere et destruere de die in di••m totis viribus se conantur, nisi corum maliciae adjuvante Deo fortius resistatur, vos non credimus ignorare. Unde in salvationem Status dictae Ecclesiae, ac regni ac populi nostrorum necessariam defensionem sumptus ac census, et expensas inestimabiles effundere nos oportet. Verum quia ad horum onerum et sumptuum supportationem absque juvamine fidelium nostrorum non sufficimus sicut scitis, vobis in fide et dilect ione quibus nobis tenemini rogan∣do mandamus, quatenus tam arduitate negotiorum praedicto∣rum, quam grandibus periculis quae Ecclesiae et regno prae∣dictis culata fide imminere conspicitis, attentis et debite con∣sider atis; Page  77 Suffraganeos vestros Decanos, et Priores Ecclesia∣rum Cathedralium▪ Abbates, Prires, et alios Electivos, exemptos et non exemptos, necnon Archidiaconos, Capitula, Conventus & Collegia totumque Clerum cujuslibet Diocaesis vestrae Provinciae ad comparend. coram Vobis in Ecclesia S. Pauli London, vel alibi prout vobis expedire videritis, in crastino S. Martini prox. futur. more solito convocari fac. et eis dictis negotiis et periculis ibidem plenius expositis, et declaratis, ipsos ad Subsidium in hoc casu competens et necessarium, in supportationem dictorum onerum et sump∣tuum Nobis concedend. cospecialius et cum efficacia qua mgis sciveritis vel poteritis tanta necessitate causante indu∣catis, et partes vestras ad hoc effectualiter apponatis; Nos in Cancellaria nostra de quantitate Subsidii illius, ac de ter∣minis solutionis ejusdem certificantes. Et hoc sicut Nos & honorem nostrum; et salvationem et defensionem Ecclesiae et regni praedictorum diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. R. apud Westm. 8. die Octobris.

Consimile Breve dirigitur Venerabili in Christo patri A. Arch. Eborum, Angliae Primat. T. ut supra.

The 127. is this common writ in Claus. 8 R. 2. m. [ 127] 35. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Cant. &c. Quia de a∣visamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino S. Martini prox. futur. teneri ordina∣vimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 28. die Septembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consim. Brevia diriguntur, &c. A. Archiep. Eborum, 19 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 128. writ is in Claus. 9 R. 2, m. 45. dorso. [ 128]

Rex,*&c. W. &c. Archiepisc. &c. Quia de avisamen∣to, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Venetis prox. post festum Sancti Lucae Evangelistae, prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 3. die Septem∣bris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consim. Brevia, &c. A. Archiep. Eborum, 17 Epis∣copis Page  78 Custod. Spiritualitatis Episcopat. Cicestr. et Co∣ventr. sede vacante, 24. Abbatibus, 2, Prioribus.

[ 129] The 129▪ is the writ in Claus. 10. R. 2. m. 42. dor∣so.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiep. Cant. &c. Quia de avi∣samento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. primo die Octobris, prox. futur. teneri ordinavi∣mus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Te∣ste Rege apud Oseneye 8. die Augusti. Per ipsum Re∣gem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. A. Archiepiscopo Eborum. 16 Episcopis, Custod. Episcopatus Landaven. et Bathon. et Wellen. sede vacante, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 130] The 130. writ is that in Claus. 11 R. 2. m. 24. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia de avisa∣mento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. crastino Purificationis beatae Mariae Virginis prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Windesore, 17 die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Consim. Brevia, A. Archiep. Eborum. 19 Episcopis, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventr.

[ 131] The 131. writ is that in Claus. Anno 12 R. 2. m. 42. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Cant. Quia de avi∣same no Consilii, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Cantebrigg. in crastin. Nativitatis beae Mariae. prox. futur. teneri ordinavimu, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Oxon. 28 die Iulii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. Custodi Spiritualitatis Aroh. Eborum, sede vacante, 18 Episcopis, 23 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 132] The 132. is the writ in Claus. 13 R. 2. parte 1. m. 6. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum a∣apud Page  79Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum S. Hillarii prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Redyng 6. die No∣vembr.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. Th. Archiepisc. Eborum, 18 Episcopis. Custodi Spiritualitatis Episcopatus Cicestr. et Roffen. sede vacante. 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 133. is Claus. 14 R. 2. m. 42. dorso. [ 133]

Rex,* &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Cant. Quia de avisa∣mento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nosrum apud Westm. in crastino S. Martini prox. futur. teneri ordina∣vimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 12 die Septembrs. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia Th. Arch. Eborum, 19 Episcopis, 23 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 134. writ is in Claus. 15 R. 2. m. 37. dorso. [ 134]

Rex,* &c. W. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar, &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino Animarum prox. futur. teneri ordi∣navimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunienes, &c. Teste R. apud Westm. 7 die Septembr. Per ipsum Re∣gem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. Th. Arch. Eborum, 19 Epis∣copis, 24 Abbaibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 135. is the writ in Claus. Anno 16 R. 2. m. 23. [ 135] dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiep. Cant. &c. Quia de avi∣samento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nosrum, apud Wynton in Octabis S. Hillarii prox. futur. tenere ordina∣vimus, &c. Ne quod absi, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Eborum 23 die Novembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consim. Brevia, &c. Th. Archiepisc. Eborum, 19 E∣piscopis, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 136.* is that in Claus. An. 16 R. 2. m. 32. dor∣so. [ 136]

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Qui Page  80 de avisamento, &c. quoddm Parliamentum notrum apud Eborum. in crastino translationis S. Edwardi Regis tenere ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemu∣nientes, &c. T. R. apud Wyndesore 23 die Iulli. Per ip∣sum Regem et Confilium.

Consimilia Brevia, &c. Th. Archiepiscopo Eborum, 19 Episcopis, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 137] The 137. is the usual writ entred in Claus. Anno 17 R. 2. m. 30. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar, &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in quindena S. Hillarii prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 13 die Novembris. Per ip∣sum Regem et Consilium.

Consim. Brevia, Th. Archiepiscopo Eborum, 18 Epis∣copis, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

[ 138] The 138. common writ is registred in Claus. An. 18 R. 2. m. 23. dorso.*

Rex, &c. W. &c. Archieisc. Cant. Quia de avisa∣mento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in quindena S. Hillarii prox. futur. teneri ordi∣navimus, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Edmundo Duce Eborum Custod. Angliae apud West▪ 20 die Novembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consim. Brevia Th. Archiep. Eborum, 16 Episcopis; Custodi Spirit. Episcopatus Assaven. 25 Abbatibus, 2. Prioribus.

[ 139] The 139. writ is registred in Claus. 20 R. 2. m. 15. dorso.*

Rex Custodi Spiritualit••is Archiepiscopatus Cantuar. sede vacante salutem. Quia de avisamento, &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm in festo S. Vin∣centii prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Ne quod ab∣sit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 30. die Novembr. Per ipsum Regem.

Consim. Breva diriguntur. &c. Thomae Arch. Ebo∣rum, &c. 19 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

Page  81 The 140. writ is in Claus. 21 R. 2. m. 27. dorso. [ 140]

Rex,* &c. Thomae Arch. Cant. &c. Quia de avisamen∣to, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum Exaltationis sanctae Crucis, prox. futur. teneri ordinavimu, &c. Ne quod absit, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 18 die Iulii. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consim. Brevia diriguntur A. Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rum, 19 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus there named.

The 141. is Claus. 23. R. 2. m. 3. dorso.* [ 141]

Rex, &c. Th. &c. Arch. Cant. &c. Quia, &c. Parlia∣mentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino S. Michaelis, proz. futur. &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Cstre. 19 die Aug. Per ipsum Regem et Consili∣um.

Consimilia Brevia Arch. Eborum. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 142. writ is enrolled in Claus. Anno 1 H. 4. m. [ 142] 37. dorso.*

Rex▪ &c. Thomae, &c. Cantuar. Archiepiscopo, &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum no∣strum apud Westm. in festo Sanctae Fidei Virginis prox. futur. teneri, &c. (in the usual form.) T. R. apud Westm. 30 die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur R. Archiep. Eborum. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus, inserted a∣mong the Abbots names.

The 143. writ is that of Claus. 3. H. 4. dors. 17. [ 143]

Rex,* &c. Th. &c. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. ante estum Purificationis beatae Mariae prox. futur. teneri, &c, Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 2 die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia Archiep. Ebor. 19 Episcopis, 23 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 144.* is in Claus. 5▪ H. 4. m. 28. dorso. [ 144]

Rex, &c. T. Archiepisc. Cant. &c. Quia, &c. quod∣dam Page  82 Parliamentum nostrum apud Coventre. 3 die De∣cembris prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 20 die Octobris.

Consimilia Brevia Archiepiscopo Eborum, 19 Epis∣copis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 145] Te 145. is entred in Claus. 7 H. 4. m. 39. dorso.

Rex,* &c. T. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Covent. 15 die Febr. prox. fuur. tenri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 21 die Decembris.

Consimilia Brevia Custodi Spiritual. Archiepisco∣paus Eborum: et Episcopatus Roffen. sede vacante, 10 Episcopls, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 146] The 146. writ is in Claus. 8 H. 4. m. 2. dorso:

Rex,* &c. Th. Arciepis. Cantuar. &c. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Gloucestr. 20 die Octobris prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 26 die Augusti. Per breve de pri∣vato Sigillo.

Consimilia Brevia Custodi Spiritual. Archiepis. E∣bor. Custodi Spirit. Episc. Norwi. Custodi Spirit. Episc. Meneven. sede vacante, 14 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 147] The 147. writ is that of Claus. 11 H. 4. m. 32. dor∣so.*

Rex, &c. Th. Archiepisc. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Bristoll in Quindena S. Hillarii prox' futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 26 die Octobr.

Consimilia Brevia H. Archiepiscopo Ebor: 18 Epis∣copis, 25 Abbatibus 2 Prioribus.

[ 148] The 148. writ is in Claus. 12 H. 4. m. 2. dorso.

Rex,* &c. Th. Archiepis. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm: in crastino A∣nimarum prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm: 21 die Septembris.

Consimilia Brevia H. Arch. Ebor. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

Page  83The 149. writ is that of Claus. 14 H. 4. dorso 22. [ 149]

Rex,* &c. Th. Arch. Cant. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino Purifica∣tionis beatae Mariae. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemuni∣eutes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm.. die Decembr. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia, H. Archiepisc. Ebor. 18 Episco∣pis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 150 writ is in Claus. 1 H. 5. m. 9. dorso. [ 150]

Rex,* &c. Thomae Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia de a∣visamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Leicestr. 29 die Ianuarii prox. futur. teneri ordinavi∣mus, &c. Praemunientes, &c, T. Rege apud Westm. 1. die Decemris.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur H. Arch. Eborum, 19 Episcopis, 26 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 151 writ is extant in Claus. 1 H. 5. m. 37. dor∣so.* [ 151]

Rex, &c. Thomae, &c. Archiep. Cant. &c. Quia de avisamento &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud VVestm. à die Paschae prox. futur. in tres Septimanas teneri ordinaimus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. a∣pud VVetm. 22 die Martii.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur, &c. H. Arch. Eborum. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 152. is registred Claus. 2 H. 5. m. 16 dorso. [ 152]

Rex,* &c. H. &c. Arch. Cantuar. Quia &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud VVestm. die Lunae prox. post Octab. S. Martini prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud VVestm. 27 die Sep∣tembr.

Consimilia brevia H. Archiep. Ebor. 18 Episcopis, Custodi Spiritual. Episcopatus Covent. et Litchf. 25 Ab∣b••bus, 2 Prioribus.

The 153. is in Claus. 3 H. 5. m. 15 dorso. [ 153]

Rex &c.*H. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. post festum S. Lucae Evangeli•••• prox. futur. teneri, &c. Page  84 Praemunintes, &c. Te••e Iohanne Duce Beaf. Custod. Angliae apud Westm. 12 die Augusti.

Consim. Brevia dirigntur H. Arch. Ebor. 15 Epis∣copis, N. Episcopo Bahon. et Wellen.ive ejus Vicario generali ipso Episcopo in remotis agente. The like R. Episcopo Norwicen. and R. Episcopo Sarum, vel ejus Vicar. generali, &c. Custodi Spiritual. Episcopatus Ci∣cestr. 25 Abbatibu, 2 Prioribu.

[ 154] The 154. is that of Claus. 4 H. 5. m. 16 dorso.

Rex,* &c. H. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia quoddam Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Westm. 19 die Octobr. prox. fu∣tur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Praemunienes, &c. T. Rege apud Sandwicum 3. die Septemb.

Consimilia Brevia H. Archiepisc. Ebor. 13 Episcopis, 5 Episcopis London, Bath & Wells, Norwich, Sarum, Co∣ventre & Lichf. sive ejus Vicario generali ipso Episco∣po in remotis agente. Custodi Spiritual. Episcopatus Cicestr. sede vacante; 23 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 155] The 155. writ is in Claus. 5 H. 5. m. 11. dorso.

Rex,* &c. H. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 18 die No∣vembris prox. futur. teneri. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Iohanne Duce Bedford. Custode Angllae apud Westm. 5. die Octobr.

Consimilia Brevia H. Archiepisc. Ebor. 11. Episco∣pis, 5 Episcopis, si•• eorum Viaio gen. (as before.) Custodi Spiritual. Episcopatus Cicestr. et. Sarum. 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Covntre.

[ 156] The 156. is Claus. 7 H. 5. m. 9. dorso.

Rex,*H. Archiepiscopo Cant. Qui, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 16 die Octob. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Iohanne Duce Bedf. Custode Angl. apud Westm. 24 die Au∣gusti.

Consim. Brevia H. Archiepisc. Ebor. 16 Episcopis, Custod. Spirit. Episcopatus Wigorn, et Roffen: I. Episc. Coventr. et Lichf. sive ejus Vicario generali, ipso Epis∣coo in remotis agente, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Co∣ventre.

Page  85The 157. is in Claus. 8 H. 5. m. 2. dorso. [ 157]

Rex &c.*H. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 2. ••e May prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunienes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 26 die Febr.

Cons. Brevia H. Arch. Ebor. 17 Episcopis. Custodi Spirituali. Episcopatus Cicestr. sede vacante. T. Episc. Hereford, vel ejus Vicario general ipso Epicopo in re∣motis agente, 23 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

The 158. is inrolled, Claus. 9 H. 5. nu. 13. dorso. [ 158]

Rex,*&c. H. Archiepisc. Cant. &c. Quia quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 1. die Decembris, prox. futur. &c. Proemnnientes, &c. Teste Iohanni Du∣ce Bedf. Custode Angliae apud Westm. 20 die Octobris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia H. Archiep. Ebor. 14 Episcopis, Custodi Spiritual. Episcopatus London. & Roffen. sede vacante, Episcopo Heref. et Cicestr. vel ejus Vicario generali ipso Episcopo in remotis agente, 25 Abbati∣bus, Priori de Coventre.

The 159. writ in ordinary form, is registred in Claus. [ 159] 1 H. 6. m. 22. dorso.*

Rex, &c. H. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia de avi∣samento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Lunae prox. ante Festum S. Marti••. prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Wyndesore 29 die Septembris. Per ipsum Re∣gem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur H. Arch. Eborum. 19 Episcopis, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

The 160. is recorded in Claus. 2 H. 6. m. 18. dor∣so.* [ 160]

Rex, &c. H. Archiepisc. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 23. die Octob. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Premunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 1 die Septembris. Per breve de Privato Sigill.

Consim. Brevia H. Archiepisc. Ebor. 15 Episcopis, Page  86 3 Episcopis, vel eorum Vicario generai, &c. Custod. Spiritual. Episc. Bangor. sede vacante, 24 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

[ 161] The 161. writ is in Claus. 3 H. 6. m. 9. dorso. which hath some variation from the former.*

Rex, &c. H. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. salutem. Quia nos jam dum in annis degimus teneris an pax et justitia ubilibet inter Ligeos nostros regni nostri Angliae, sine quarum observatione regnum aliquod pro∣spicere (non pote••) debie conserventur et exhibean∣tur necne, per avisamentum Consilii nostri decre∣vimus experiri; quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud West monast. ultimo die Aprilis prox, futur. te∣neri or inavimus, ac ibidem vobicum, accum caeteris Pralais, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni nostri super praeissi, et quibusdam alijs arduis et urgenti∣bus ngoiis, No, statum, et defensionem dicti regni nostri ac Ecclesiae Anglicanae contingentibus, Colloqui∣u••• bere et tractatum. Vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini sirmiter injungendo mandamus, qod consie rais dictorum negotiorum arduitare et periculis imminntibus, ce are quacunque xcula io∣n, dictis die et loco personaiter intersit is Nobiscu••, accm caeeris Praelatis Magnatibu et Procerius prae∣dictis, super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque con∣silium impesri. Et hoc sicut No et honorem no∣strum, ac salvationem et defensionem regni e Eccle∣siae praedictorum, expeditionemqe dictorum negotio∣rum diligi is nu••atenus omita is. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 24 die Febr.

Consim. Brevia Custod. Spiritual. Archiepisc. Ebor. and so Episcopatus Bathon. et Wllen. Lncoln. et Bn∣gor. sede 〈◊〉, 15. Episcopis. T. Episc. Cicestr. vel ejus Vicar. gen. &c. 25 Abbatibus, Priori de Co∣ventre.

[ 162] The 162. writ I finde in Claus. 4 H. 6. dorso. 15.

Rex,* &c. H. Archie. Cant. &c. Quia de avisamen∣to, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Lei∣cestr.Page  87 18 die Februar. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemu∣nientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 4 die Ianuarii.

Consim. Brevia Custod Spirit: Archiepisc, Ebor. E∣piscopatus Lincoln, Elien. Bangor. Norwic.ede vacante, 15 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

The 163. is this of Claus. 5 H. 6. m. 4. dorso. [ 163]

Rex,* &c. H. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia, &c. quod∣dam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Quindena S. Michaelis prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 15 die Iulii. Per Consilium.

Consimilia brevia I. Arch. Ebor. 16 Episcopis, 2 Custodibus Spirit. sede vacante H. Episc. Wynton, vel jus Vicar. gen. &c. 25. Abbatibus, Priori de Coven∣tre.

The 164. is in Claus. 7 H. 6. m. 2. dorso. [ 164]

Rex,* &c. Archiepisc. Cant. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Quindena S. Mich. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 12 die Julii. Per Breve de Privato sigillo.

Consim. Brevia I. Archiepisc. Ebor. 17 Episcopis, 1 Custodi Spirit. 2 Episc. vel eorum Vicar. Generali, &c. 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 165. writ is that of Claus. 9 H. 6. dorso 18. [ 165]

Rex,* &c. H. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die Ve∣neris prox. ante festum S. Hillarii prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Humfrido Duce Gloucestr. Custodi Angliae apud Westm. 27 die Novembr. Per breve de privato sigillo.

Consim. Brevia I. Archiepisc. Ebor. 17 Episcopis, Episcopo Winton. vel ejus Vic. gen. &c. Custodi Episc. Cicestr. sede vacante, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 166. is in Claus. 10 H. 6. m. 10. dorso. [ 166]

Rex,* &c. H. Arch. Cant. Quia, &c. quoddam Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Westm. 12 die Maii prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm: 25 die Feb. Per Breve de Privato sigillo.

Page  88 Consimilia Brevia, &c. I. Archiepiscopo Eborum, 17 Episcopis, 2 Episc. vel ejus Vic. Gen. &c. 25 Ab∣batibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 167] The 167. is that of Claus. 11 H. 6. m. 10. dorso.

Rex,* &c. H. Archiep. Cant. &c. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 8 die Iulii. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T R. apud Westm. 24. die Maii. Per breve de privato sigillo.

Consim. Brevia, I. Archiep. Eborum, 13 Episcopis, 5 Episc. vel ejus Vic. gen. &c. Custodi. Spirit. Episc. Assaven. sede vacante, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 168] The 168. is that in Claus. 13 H. 6. m. 2. dorso.

Rex,* &c. H. Archiepiscopo Cantuar, &c. Quia, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. die 10. Octobris, prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 5 die Iulii.

Consim. Brevia I. Archiep. Eborum, vel ejus Vicar. gen. &c. and so to 4. Bishops more, 15 Episcopis, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 169] The 169. is that of Claus. 15 H. 6. dorso 18.

Rex,* &c. H. Archiepisc. Cant. &c. Licet uper de avisamento et assens Consilii nostri pro quibusdam ar∣duis, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Cant. 21. die Ianuarii, prox. futur. teneri ordinavimus, Quibusdam tam encertis de causis, nos intime coner∣nentibus Parliamentum praedict. &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud West, 10 die Decemb. Per breve de privato Sigillo.

Consim. Brevia 17 Episcopis, 2 Custod, Spirit. sede vacante, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 170] The 170. is in Claus. 18 H. 6. mem. 33. dorso.

Rex,*H. Archiepisc. Cant. Quia, &c. quoddam Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Westm. in crastino S. Martini, prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege a∣pud Guildeford, 26 die Septemb. Per ipsum Regem.

Consim. Brevia I. Archiep. Ebor. vel ejus Vic. gen. &c. H. Episcopo Winton, Crdinali Angliae vulgariter nuncupato, vel ejus Vic. gen. ipso Episcopo in remo∣tis Page  89 agente. Administratori Episcopatus Elien. vel ejus Vicar. gener. ipso Admininira. in remotis agente, 15 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 171. is extant in Claus. 20 H. 6. m. 27. dorso. [ 171]

Rex,*&c. H. Archiepisc. Cant. &c. Quia pro quibus∣dam a••uis, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum in die Conversionis S. Paul, prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemuni∣entes, &c. T. R. apud Mnerium sum de Sheue, 3 die De∣cembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia I. Cardinali et Archiep. Ebor. Angliae Primati; H. Cardinali Angliae, et Episcopo Wynton. 17 Episcopis, Administratori Episcopatus E∣lien. vel ejus Vicar. gener. ipso Administrat: in remo∣tis agente, 25 Abbatibus, Priori de Coventre.

The 172 is that of Claus. 23 H. 6. m. 21. dorso. [ 172]

Rex,*&c. I. Archiep. Cantuar. &c. Quia pro qui∣busdam, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 24 die Febr. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemu∣nientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 13 die Ianuarii. Per ipsum Regem.

Consim: Brevia I. Cardinali et Archiep. Eborum. Angliae Prima••; H. Cardinali Angliae, et Episcopo Wynton. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 173. is in Claus. 25 H. 6. m. 24. dorso. [ 173]

Rex,* &c. I. Archiep. Cant. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Villam nostram Cantebrigg. in die Sanctae Scholasticae, viz. 10 die Febr. prox. futur' teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 14 die Decembris. Per ipsum Regem et Con∣silium.

Consim. Brevia I. Cardinali et Archiep Eborum: &c. H. Cardinali Angliae, et Episcopo Wynton, 17 Episcopis, Custodi Spirit. Episcop. Meneven. 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 174. is in Claus. 27 H. 6. m. 24. (26) dorso. [ 174]

Rex,* &c. I. Arch. Cant. &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 12. die Febr. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Page  90T. R. apud Westm. 2 die Ianuarii.

Consim. Brevia I. Cardinali et Archiepiscopo Ebo∣rum, &c. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, Priori de Co∣ventre.

[ 175] The 175. is that of Claus. 20. H. 6. m. 26 dorso.

Rex,* &c. I. Arch. Cant. &c. Quia pro quibusdam, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 6 die Novemb. prox. futur. &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Re∣ge apud Shene, 23 die Septembris. Per ipsum Re∣gem.

Consimilia Brevia I. Cardinali et Arch. Eborum. &c. 18 Episcopis, Custodi Spirit. London. sede vacante, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 176] The 176. writ is in Claus. 29 H. 6. m. 41. dorso.

Rex.* &c. I. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Qui de avis∣mento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in festo Sancti Leonardi prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Wesm. 5 die Septem∣bris. Per ipsum Regem

Consimilia Brevia I. Cardinali er Archiep. Eborum &c. 18 Episcopis, Custodi Spiri. Episc. Sarum,ede vacante, 24 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 177] The 177. is entred Claus. 31 H. 6. m. 36. dorso.

Rex,* &c. I. Archiepiscopo Cantuar. Quia de avisa∣mento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Re∣dynge 6 die Martii prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemuni∣enes, &c. T. Rege apud Wesm. 10 die Ianuarii. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia BreviW. Archiep. Ebor. 18 Episcopis, Custodi Spirit. Episcopo Covent. et Litchf. 25 Abba∣tibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 178] The 178. is in Claus. 33 H. 6. dorso. 36.

Rex,* &c. Th. Archiepisc. Cant Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 9. die Iulii prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 26 die Maii. Per breve de Privaro Sigillo.

Cons. Brevia W. Arch. Ebor. 19 Episcopis. 25 Ab∣batibus, 2 Prioribus.

Page  91The 179. is extant in Claus. 38 H. 6. m. 30. dorso. [ 179]

Rex,*&c. Th. Archiepisc. Cant. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Coventre. 20 die Novembris prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. Teste Rege apud Westminster 19. die Octobris. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia &c. W. Archiep. Ebor. 20 Epis∣copis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 180. is this summons to a Convocation, Claus. 38 [ 180] H. 6. m. 29. dorso.*

Rex venerab. in Christo Patri Tho. eadem gratia Ar∣chiep. Angliae Primati, salutem. Quibusdam arduis & urgentibus negociis Nos, Statum et defensionem regni no∣stri Angliae, et utilitatem Ecclesiae Anglicanae intimè con∣cernentibus; Vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tene∣mini rogantes mandamus, quatinus praemissis debito intuitu attentis et ponderatis, universos et singulos Episcopos vestrae Provinciae, ac Decanos, et Priores Ecclesiarum Cathedrali∣um, Abbates, et Prioes Electivos, exemptos et non exemp∣tos, necnon Archidiaconos, Capitula, Conventus & Collegia totumque Clerum cujuslibet Diocaesis ejusd. Provinciae, ad comparand. coram Vobis in Ecclesia S. Pauli London, vel alibi prout melius expedire videritis cum omni celeritate accommoda more debito convocari faciatis, ad tract and▪ con∣sentiend. et percludend. super praemissis et aliis, quae sibi clarius exponentur tunc ibidem ex parte nostra. Et hoc sicut Nos, et statum Regni nostri praedicti, ac honorem & utilitatem Ecclesiae praedictae diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. R. apud Westm. 12 die Feb.

Rex, Ven. in Christo Patri W. eadem gratia Archip. Eborum. Angliae Primati, &c. ut supra: usque ibi coram vobis: et tunc sic: in Ecclesia beati Petri Ebor. vel alibi prout melius expedire videritis. T. ut supra.

The 181. writ is remaining in Claus. 49 H. 6. m. 6. [ 181] dorso.*

Rex, Th. Archiepisc. Cantuar. Quia de avisamento, et assensu Consilii nostri &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 26 die Novembr. prox. futur. te∣neri, Page  92 &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 15 die Octobris. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia G. Arch. Eborum. 19 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibu, 2 Prioribus.

[ 182] The 182 writ I shall remember, is that in Claus. 1 E. 4. m. 35 dorso.*

Rex, &c. Th. &c. Archiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia de avisamento, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 6. die Iulii prox. futur. teneri, &c. (in usual form.) Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 23 die Maii.

Consim. Brevia diriguntur W. Archiepisc. Ebor. &c. and to 19 Bishops, 25 Abbots, 2 Priors there mentio∣ned by name.

[ 183] The 183 is that in Claus. 2 E. 4. m. 3. dorso.

Rex.* &c. Th. Archiep. Cantuar. Quia de avisamento et assensu Consilii nostri, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 29 die Aprilis prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Westm. 28 die Febr. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia W. Archiepisc. Ebor. 17 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 184] The 184. writ is in Claus. 6 E. 4. m. 1. dorso.

Rex,* &c. Th. Archiep. Cantua. Quia pro quibus∣dam arduis, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 3. die Iunii. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemuni∣entes, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 28 die Febr, Per breve de Privato Sigillo.

Consimilia Brevia Archiepisc. Ebor. 18 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

[ 185] The 185. is Claus. 12 E. 4. m. 2. dorso.

Rex,* &c. Archiepiscopo Cant. Quia de avisamento et assers, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 6 die Octob. prox. futur. teneri, &c. Praemuni∣entes, &c. Teste Rege apud Westm. 9 die Augusti. Per breve de privato Sigillo.

Consim. Brvia 17 Episcopis, Vicario gen. Archie∣piscopatus Ebor, in remotis agente, Custod. Spirit. E∣piscopat. Page  93Norwicen. & Assaven. 24 Abbatibus, 2 Pri∣oribus.

The 186. is that of Claus. Anno 22, & 23 Edw. 4. m. 11. dorso.

Rex, &c. Th. Archiep. Cant. Quia de avisamento et [ 186] assensu Consilii nostri,*&c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. 10 die Ianuarii prox. futur. te∣neri ordinavimus, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T R. apud Westm. 15 die Novemb.

Consim. Brevia, I. Archiep. Eborum, 19 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

The 187. is in Claus. 22, & 23 E. 4. m. 11. dorso, for [ 187] a Convocation.*

Rex Reverendissimo in Christo Patri Th. eadem gra∣tia Archiepiscopo Cant. totius Angliae Primati, consan∣guneo nostro carissimo, slutem. Quibusdam arduis & urgentibus Negotii, Nos, securitatem et defensionem Ec∣clesiae Anglicanae, c pacm, r anquillitatem, bonum publicū, et defensionem Rgni nostri, & Subdiorum nostrorum eus∣dem concernentibus, Vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenmini rogando mandamus, quatenus praemissis dbito intuito attentis & ponderatis universs, &c. (ut supra, num. 180.) coram Vobis in Ecclesi SanctPali London, vel alibi prout vobis expelire viderits cumom•• cleritae accommoda modo debito covocari faciatis, ac tractand▪ consentiend. & concludnd. super praemiss et aliis quae bi clarius exponentu tunc ibidem ex parte nostra. Et hoc si∣cut Nos, et Statum egi nosti, et honorem et utilitaem Ecclesiae praedictae diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege a∣pud Westm. 3 de Februarii. Per ipsm Regem.

This is the last writ in the Clause 〈◊〉 in the Tow∣er of this Naure, which extend only to the end of King Edward the ••h. his reign.

The writs of Summons o Parliaments, and Convoca∣tions under R. 3. H. 7. 8. Ed. 6. Q. Mary Q. Eliz. K. Iames, and King Charles, are not in the Tower, but reserved in the Ro••s and Chancery, where those who please may peruse them, they running for the most part in the self∣same Page  94 ordinary form, without any notable variety.

I shall close up this Section with the last writ of this Nature under our late King Charls.

[ 188] Carolus Dei gratia, Angliae, Scotiae, Franciae, & H∣berniae Rex,* Fidei defensor, &c. Reverendissimo in Christo patri ac fideli Consilario Nostro Gulielmo, ea∣dem gratia Cantuar. Archiepisc. totius Angliae Primati & Metropolitan, salutem. Quib••am arduis et urgen∣tibus negotiis Nos, securitatem & defensionem Eccle∣siae Anglicanae, ac pacem & tranquillitatem, bonum pub∣licum & defensionem regni Nostri & subditorum No∣strorum ejusdem concernentibus; Vobis in fide & di∣lectione quibus Nobis tenemini rogando mandamus, quatenus praemissis debito intuitu attentis et pondera∣tis, universos & singulos Episcopos vestrae Provinciae, ac Decanos Ecclesiarum Cathedralium, necnon Archi∣diaconos, Capitula et Collegia, totumque Clerum cu∣juslibet Diocaesios ejusdem Provinciae, ad comparandum coram Vobis in Ecclesia Catholica* Sancti Pauli London, decimo quarto die Aprilis proxim, futur. vel alibi, prout melius expedire videritis, cum omni celeritate accommoda modo deito convocari facias, ad tractan∣dum, consentiendum, & concludendum super premissis, & aliis quae tibi clarius exponentur tunc ibidē ex parte Nostra: Et hoc sicut Nos, et Statum regni Nostri, ac honorem et utilitatem Ecclesiae praedictae diligitis nul∣latenus omittatis. Teste meipso apud Westmonast. vi∣cesimo die Februarii, Anno regni nostri quintodeci∣mo.

Before I proceed to my Observations on the prece∣dent writs, I shall crave leave to inform and satisfie the ingenuous Readers in 2. particulars, to prevent their causelesse censures.

1. That the usual writs in some Clause Rolls to the Spi∣ritual Lords were for Brevitie sake purposely omitted, and in the Consimiles literae, and eodem modo, &c. after the transcripts of the writs of Summons here inserted (especially those of King Edward the 2.) the paticular Page  95 Numbers of the Bishops, Abbots, Priors, and Spiritual Lords then summoned to those Parliaments mentioned in the Eodem modo &c. were casually left out (though en∣tred by their names in the Clause Rols) by reason of an, &c. and vacant spaces in the written Copy for their numbers; through hast forgotten to be filled up, before they were printed off; which caused some Errors and Omissions of the true number of Bishops, Abbots & Priors in the Eodem modo, &c. from p. 14. to 32. which I think necessary here to rectifie and supply, rather than in an Errata at the end of this Breviate; and that in this brief manner.

Claus. 30 E. 1. m. 12. dorso. Consim: literae diriguntur I: Karliol: Episc. 14 Bishops more, and 44 Abbati∣bus.

Claus. 30 E. 1. m. 9. dorso. Consim: literae, &c. Io∣hanni Karliol. Episcopo, to 14 other Bishops, 44 Ab∣bots; Magistro Militiae Templi in Angl. Magistro Or∣dine de Semplingham, Priori Hosp: Sancti Iohannis Ie∣rusalem. in Anglia.

In both these Rolls there is a writ, Thomae Arch. E∣borum: with this special clause after impensuri; Vos sal∣tem Procuratorem idoneum cum sufficienti potestate ad dic∣tos diem et locum, et vestro nomine designatis. Et hoc nul∣latenus omittatis.

Anno 32 E. 1. m. 2. dorso. Rex, &c. Archiepiscopo Cant. &c. Quia pro quibusdam negotiis, &c. (as in that of this Roll in the next Section to the Lords) Praemu∣nientes, &c. T. Rege apud Brustwike 12 die Novembr.

Eodem modo, &c. 18 Episcopis, besides Electo Lon∣don. vel ejus Vices gernti ipso agente in partibus transma∣rinis, Decano et Capit: beati Petri Ebor. Custodibus Spi∣ritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Eborum sede vacante, 74 Ab∣batibus, Magistro Mil. Templi & Smplingham, Priori Hosp: S. Iohan: Ierus.

Claus. 34 E. 1. m. 2. dors. Rex, &c. W. &c. Arch. Ebor. Quia super ordinatione et stabilimento terrae nostrae Page  96Scotia, &c. (as in the next Section to the Prince) Praemunientes, &c. Teste ut ib.

Eodem modo scribitur, (mucatis mutandis) 18 Epis∣copis, 28 Abbatibus.

Claus. 1 E. 2. dors. 19. Eodem modo scribitur. 18 Episcopis, 55 Abbatibus, Priori Hosp. S, Johan. Jerus: Magistro Mil: Templi.

Claus. 1 E. 2. dors. 11. Eodem modo mandatum est 15 Episcopis, 12 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus; And dors. 8. 12 Episcopis, 14 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

Claus. 2 E. 2. dors. 11. Eodem modo scribitur Ar∣chiepisc. Ebor. 16 Episcopis, Custodi Spirit. Episc. Ba∣thon: et Wellen: sede vacante, 51 Abbatibus, 1 Prio∣ri.

Claus. 3 E. 2. dors. 17. Eodem modo mandatum est, W: Archiepisc. Ebor. A. Patriarch: Ierus: et Episcopo Dunelm: 15 Episcopis, L. Bathon: et Wellen: electo et confirmato, electo et confirmato Bangoren: without Abbots or Priors in the Roll.

Claus. 4 E. 2. dors. 2. Eodem modo scribitur (mu∣tatis mutandis) quoad Decanos et Capit: et Priores et Capit: Archiepiscopo Ebor: 16 Episcopis, 52 Abbati∣bus, 1 Priori.

Claus. 5 E. 2. dors. 17. Consim: literae diriguntur 11 Episcopis, 3 Vic. Gen. Episc. in remotis agente, 29 Abbatibus.

Claus. 7 E. 2. dors. 27. Eodem modo mandatum est, Custod: Archiep: Cantuar. et London: sede vacante, 16 Episcopis, 45 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus, Magistr. Ord. dSempringham; And dors. 15. Custod: Arch: Cant: 16 Episcopis, 41 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus, Mag. Ordinis de Sempr.

Claus. 8 E. 2. dors. 29. Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Ebor. 18 Episcopis, A. Assaven: electo confir∣mato, 46 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus, Magist: Ord. de Sempr.

Claus. 9 E. 2. dors. 22. Eodem modo mandatum est Arch: Ebor: 19 Episc. 46 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus.

Page  97Claus. 11 E. 2. m. 14 dors. Rex,* &c. W. &c. Ar∣chiepisc. Cantuar. &c. Quia super diversis et arduis ne∣gotiis Nos, &c. Parliamentum nostrum apud Lincoln: tenere, et vobiscum, &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege a∣pud Westm. 20 die Novembr.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch: Ebor 17 Episco∣pis, D. Dublin: Archiepiscopo, 45 Abbatibus, 3 Priori∣bus, Mag. Ord. de. Sempr. And dors. 8. W. Arch: Ebor: 17 Episcopis, D. Dublin: Archiepiscopo, 45 Abbati∣bus, 3 Prioribus, & Mag: Ord: de Semp.

Claus. 12 E. 2. dors. 29. Eodem modo mandatum est W. Arch: Ebor:8 Episcopis, D. Dublin. Arch. 42 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus, Mag: Ord: de Sempr. And dors. 11. W. Arch: Ebor. 17 Episcopis, 51 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus, Mag: Ord: de Sempr.

Claus. 13 E. 2. dors. 13. Eodem modo mandatum Arch. Ebor: 16 Episcopis, 28 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus, Mag Ord. de Sempr.

Claus. 14 E. 2. dorse 23.* Rex. &c. W. &c. Archi∣episc. Cant: &c. Quia super diversis, &c. Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm: die Lunae in Octab. S. Michaelis, prox. futur. teneri, &c. without any Praemunientes, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 5 die Augusti. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mand: W. Arch. Ebor: 18 Episcopis, I. Winton: electo confirmato, 28 Abbatibus, Mag: Ord. de Sempr. 3 Prioribus; And dorso 5. Archiepiscopo Ebor. 19 Episcopis, 51 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus, Mag: Ord: de Sempr.

Claus. 16 E. 2. dors. 26. Eodem modo scribitur, W. Archiepisc. Cant: &c. 19 Episcopis, 28 Abbatibus, 4 Prioribus.

Claus. 17 E. 2. dors. 27. Rex, &c. W. &c. Cantuar: Archiepisc. &c. Quia super diversis, &c. apud Westm. à die Purificationis beatae Mariae Virginis prox. futur. i tres Septimanas Parliamentum nostrum tenere, et Vobiscum &c. Praemunientes, &c. T. Rege apud Kenilworth, 26 die Decemb. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo scribitur Archiepiscopo Eborum, 17 Page  98〈…〉 Abbatibus, 4 Prioribus.

There are 3. other writs to both the Archbishops re∣citing the first writ▪ unto ordinari contigeri super ne∣gotiis antedictis; and then subjoyning: 〈…〉 Decanos et Priores Ecclesiarum Cathedralium, et Archidiac. totius Provinciae vestrae in propriis personis sis, Capitula etiam singula dictarum Ecclesiarum Ca∣the dralium 〈…〉 ad dictos diem et. locum venire faci•••s, ad tractand. et consentiend. hiis qu in praemissis tunc ibi∣dem contigerit ordineri. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege ut supra.

Claus. 18 E. 2. dors. 5. Eodem. modo scribitur Ar∣chiep. Ebor. 15 Episcopis, 28 Abbatibus, 4 Prioribus, Magistro Gilberto Midleton Archidiac. Nonthampton, Officiali Curiae Cant. Magist. Roberto de. S. Albano, De∣cano de Arcubus London.

Claus. 19 F. 2. dors. 27. Eodem modo mandatum est W. Arch. Ebir. 17 Episcopis: 27 Abbatibus 3 Pri∣oribus,* with this addition to one of them, Prior de Brid∣lington Nihil tenet de Rege.

Claus. 20 E. 2. dors. 4. Eodem modo mandatum est Archiepiscopis Cant. et Ebor. 16 Episcopis, and 19 Abbatibus only, and no Prior.

Claus. 1 E. 3. pars 2. dorso 16. Eodem modo man∣datum est Arch. Ebor. 16 Episcopis, Custodi Episc. Exon (〈◊〉 mutindis) Norwic. & Heref. Episc. vel ejus Vicar. gen. ipso Episc. in remotis agente, 19 Abbatibus only: After which follow two Writs to both the Archbishops reciting, the former, with an Et licet singulis Episcopis, &c. Nolentes tamen ngotia nostra, &c. like that forecited, p. 34, 35.

〈…〉 mandatum est Custod Spirit. Archiep. Ebor. Episco∣pat. Page  99Heref. et Exon. sede vacante, reciting the first writ with an Et licet singulis Episcopis praedictis, &c. Nolentes tamen, &c. Teste ut supra.

Claus. 2. E. 3. m. 31. dorso. Eodem modo mandat. est Custodi Archiep. Cantur. et Episcopatus Bangor. sede vacante, 18 Episcopis, 17 Abbatibus only, and no Prior.

Claus. 2 E. 3. dorso. 15. Eodem modo mandatum est Custodi Spirit. Archiepiscopatus Cant. 19 Episcopis, 1 Abbatibus, Priori Hop. S. Johan. Jerus. in Anglia: After which ensue 2 writs to the Archbishop of York, et Custod. Spirit. Archiepisc. Cant. rehearing the first; with an Et licet singulis Episcopis, &c. Nolentes tamen, &c., Teste ut supra.

Claus. 4 E. 3. dors. 41. Eodem modo mandatum est, Archiep. Ebor. 19 Episcopis, 27 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus. After that ensues a writ to both the Archbishops, rela∣ting the first with an Et licet singulis Episcopis, &c. No∣lentes tamen, &c. Teste apud Odiham, 1 die Febraa∣rii.

Claus. 4 E. 3. dors. 19. Eodem modo mandatum est Archiep. Ebor. 19 Episcopis, 27 Abbatibus, 3 Pri∣oribus.

Claus. 6 E, 3. dorso. 4. Eodem modo mandat. est 17 Episcopis, 25 Abbatibus, 2 Prioribus.

Claus. 9 E. 3. dorso 8. There is a second writ to both the Archbishops, reciing the first with an Et licet sin∣gulis, &c. Nolentes tamen, &c. T. Rege apud Notting∣ham 3 die Aprilis. Per ipsum Regem. And Dorso 2.* there is au Ordinary writ of Summons Archiepisc. Cant. to a Parliament apud Westm. prox. post diem Do∣minicam in medio Quadragesimae prox. futur. with a Prae∣munientes, &c. T. Rege apud Berewic. super Twedam, 22 die Ian: Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est Arch. Ebor. 19 Episco∣pis, 27 Abbatibus, 3 Prioribus: And 2 writs to the Archbishops only with an Et licet, &c. Nolentes tamen, &c. T. ut supra. Per ipsum Regem.

Page  100 These are the only Omissions, in the writs to the Bishops, Abbots, Priors and Spiritual Lords, and mi∣stakes in the numbers of them in the Eodem modo, Consi∣miles literae, and Consimilia Brevia, omitted casually in the premises.

The 2. thing I shall acquaint the Readers with, are the reasons inducing me to recite so many writs to the Archbishops and Prelates, running all in the self-same form; which may seem to many a meer Tautology and super••uity, which might have been better expunged, than inserted into this Breviat, though in truth not so. For I recited them all in this manner upon these consi∣derations. 1. To inform the Readers in what Clause Rolls in the Tower all the writs of Summons are ex∣tant, and in what Membranaes and dorses they may readily find them upon all occasions; A very usefull, & hitherto unpublished, yea generally unknown part of Antiquity and learning. 2ly. To inform the Readers of the exact numbers of these writs of Summons, their several dates, and the particular places, days of all Parliaments and great Councils meetings extant on Record, from 49 H. 3. to 23 E. 4. and the numbers of the Spiritual Lords and Prelates of all sorts summoned to them, not hither∣to published by any. 3ly. Because the beginnings and recitals of all or most writs in these Rolls to the Tem∣poral Lords, Sherifs, Council of the King, and Warden of the inqueports, cited by me in the ensuing Secti∣ons, referr for the most part to the writs to the Arch∣bishops and Bishops, (usually entred at large in every Roll) and to their respective dates, with an, &c. ut supra, Teste ut supra, and the like, and must be compared with them by the Readers to make them compleat. 4ly. Because the stiles of some Bishops who were Patriarchs, Cardinals, Bishops elect, or elected and confirmed; and the writs to such; yea, to the Gardi∣ans of Bishops Spiritualties during the vacancy of their Bishopricks, and to their Vicar Generals during their absence in forrein parts; and to the Administrators of Page  101 Bishopricks, are for the most part recorded only in the Eodem modo, Consimiles literae, or Consimilia brevia, sub∣joyned to those usual writs here abbreviated; there∣fore it was absolutely necessary to repeat them, to evi∣dence and clear up those hitherto unknown, uncommon particulars and rarities. All which reasons duely pondered, will, I hope, absolve me from the guilt of a∣ny Tautologies, or super fluous recitals in the premised Writs, and adjuncts annexed to them.

Vsefull Annotations and Observati∣ons upon the precedent Writs to the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Ecclesiastical Barons, and Clergy.

FRom the precedent Writs of Summons issu∣ed to the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors. Ecclesiastical Barons, and Clergy, wherewith I have presented you in a Chro∣nological Series according to their Antiqui∣ties, I shall here, for the information of such Lawyers, Gentlemen, and other Readers unversed in Records of this nature, recommend these ensuing parti∣cular Observations to them, before I proceed to the Writs of Summons to the Temporal Lords; reserving my General Annotations and Observations concerning Parliamentary writs for the Close of the first Part of this Brief Register, Kalendar and Survey; when they have taken a full view of all the several kindes and varieties of Parliamentary writs of Summons, whereon they must be grounded.

Page  102 1. That as the Spiritual Lords and Barons, are men∣tioned in allaGreat Councils, Parliaments, Prologues, and Acts of Parliament before the Temporal Lords and Barons: So generally for the most part, the writs of Summons directed to them are first entred, recorded in the Dorse of the Clause Rolls, before the writs to the Temporal Lords, though now and then the writs to the Prince of Wales, and some other Temporal Peers, are first enrolled, but yet very rarely.

2. That when there was an Archbishop of Canter∣bury in being, the first writ of Summons to, or Proroga∣tion of Parliaments entred in the Rolls, is generally that which issued unto him, as Primate of all England; if within the Realm, or to his 〈…〉 ab∣sence out of it; But when there was no Archbishop of Canterbury living; the first writ 〈…〉 in the Ro••s issued to the Archbishop of 〈◊〉 as Primate of England: yetb now and then the first writ of Sum∣mons entred, is directed to the Archbishop of York, when both are living; and the writ to the Gardian of the Spiritualties of Canterbury〈…〉 of that See is someimes first entred before the writ to the Archbishop of York: Yea, if the Archbishop of York was a Cardinal▪ and Canterbury none ye 〈…〉 of Summons, as appears by Cl••s 25 H. 6. m. 16. & 24 dorso, and 29 H. 6. m. 〈…〉orso, and other Rolls.

3. That when both Sees of Canterbury and York were void, the first writ entred was directed to thec Bi∣shop of London (as in 22 E. 3. where the Archbishop of Canterbury was elected and confirmed, but not in∣stalled, and York quite void) and sometimes to some other Bishop, without any certain method therein ob∣served.

4. That in Claus.d 6 Iohannis (the first writ of Sum∣mons extant) there is only one single writ of Summons without the Bishops name to whom it was issued, and in Claus. 26 H. 3. only one single writ of Summons to Page  103 the Archbishop of York, without mention of any writs to other Bishops, which yet no doubt had writs of Sum∣mons as well as he, though not entred, as some clauses in the bodies of both these writs do intimate.

5. That in the Summons of 49 H.e 3. the first, and only writ registred is directed to the Bishop of Dur∣ham, and 18 Abbots and Priors are listed in the Eodem modo mandatum est, before the Archbishop of York and other Bishops.

6. That the writs directed to the Archbishops of Canterbury always stiled them▪ Venerabili in Christo Patri eadem gratia Cantuariae Archiepiscopo, totius Angliae Primati: That the writs issued to the Archbishops of York ever use this stile; Venerabili in Christo Patri ea∣dem gratia Eborum, Archiepiscopo, Angliae Primati, lea∣ving out totius: And the writs sent to all other Bishops run thus, Venerabili in Christo Patri eadem gratia Epis∣copo, &c. (But i any Archbishop or Bishop were made a Cardinal, then the stile was, Cardinali et Archiepisco∣po Eborum, et Cardinali et Episcopo Wynton: as in Claus. 25 H. 6. m. 16, 24 dorso. 29 H. 6. m. 21. dorso, and other Clause Rolls of Hen. 6. when York and Winchester were both Cardinals; and Winchester is still placed whiles a Cardinal next after York. The writs to Abbots, Priors, Gardians of Spiritualties of Bishops, and other Ecclesiastical persons, usually run in this form, Dilecto sibi in Christo Abbati Sancti Augustini, &c, or Priori de Lewes, &c. which I have here omitted in their writs for the most part, with an, &c. to avoid frequent Re∣petitions, and polixity.

7. That in the Eodem modo, and Kalendar of the Bi∣shops names to whom writs were directed, the Arch∣bishop of York is for the most part first named, yet som∣times he and his Suffragans are listed after all the Bi∣shops of the Province of Canterbury, sometimes before them, sometimes intermixed with them. In the en∣tring of the Bishops names, there is no certain order or method observed; for sometimes the Bishop of Dur∣hamPage  104 is first named, other times the Bishop of London, elewhere the Bishop of Winchester: sometimes the Bi∣shop of Rochester, otherwhiles Chichester: Now and then all the Welsh Bishops are named together after all the rest of the Province of Canterbury, yet in some Rolls they are named promiscuously, & intermixed with the English Prelates, as the writs came first to the Regi∣sters hands, and not according to the Antiquity of their Sees or consecrations, for ought I can discern by com∣paring their entries; Only it is observable, that An∣thonyfBeak Bishop of Durham (a very wealthy Prelat) procuring himself to be made Patriarch of Ie∣rusalem by the Pope, was summoned by the Title of A. Patriarch. Ierusalem. et Episc. Dunolm. in the Summons of 1, 2, 13 of Edward 2. Here, p. 15, 16. and entred next after the Archbishop of York in the Rolls.

8. That the Bishops for the most part are named in the Rolls, and entred by themselves before the Abbots and Priors, yet now and then (but very rarely) they are intermixed with the Abbots and Priors, as in 49 H. 3. dors. 11.

9. That all the Archbishops and Bishops were usu∣ally summoned to all our Parliaments, but not to Coun∣cils of State, and that in person, if in England, or alive. But when anyg Archbishop or Bishop was absent in forein parts, the King usually sent writs of Summons to their Vicars Generals: and when their Bishopricks were void by their deaths, or translations to another Bishoprick, to the Guardians of their Spiritualties, to supply their places.

10. That when any Archbishop, Bishop, or Abbot, was elected only,h before his confirmation or install∣ment; the writ of Summons issued to him by the name of I. Electo Cantuanae, electo Hereford, &c. If elected and confirmed, but not installed; then Electo Cantua∣riae, or Hereford▪ confirmato: By which it is evident, that Archbishops, Bishops, and Abbots only elected, or elected or confirmed, might be and were usually summo∣ned Page  105 to 〈…〉 likewise in their absence beyond the Seas; Yea, in 2 E. 2. dors. 14. There is a writ issued R. Electo Dublin Episcopo, in the Eodem modo, registred amongst the Bi∣shops of England, next after the Patriarch of Ierusalem, and Bishop of Durham:

12. That the chief reason why sometimes there are more Bishops summoned to one Parliament than ano∣ther, is only the vacation of their Sees by their deaths or translations: what the number of them was summo∣ned to each Parliament, I have mentioned in the grosse where I find them entred in the Rolle at large, to avoid the repetition of their names, which those who please may peruse in the rolls themselves.

1 That the first writs to the Archbishops of Can∣terbury, York, or any other Bishop in the Clause Rolls, be they writs either of Summons to a Parliament, Council, or Convocation, or of Adjournment, or Pro∣rogation, are usually entred at large: which I have abbreviated with an, &c. where the form and clauses are the same with those I transcribe at large. And the writs which follow the first issued to the rest of the Bi∣shops, are but briefly entred for the most part, with an Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, or Consimiles Literae, or Consimilia Brvia diriguntur subscriptis, viz. &c. unless it be where there are different Clauses in some of the writs varying from those to the first Bishops; which Clauses (recited at large) I have here print∣ed, when they occurre in the Rolls.

13. That the writs of Summons to Parliaments di∣rected to the Archbishops and Bishops are of various forms, differing very often one from the other, not only in their recitals of the particular causes of summoning them; but in sundry special and unusual clauses, as I have touched in the recital of them, and shall more largely insist on in my General Obsrvations in the close of this Part of my Register. That the writs of Page  107 Summons to Councils and Convocations, issued to the Archbishops and Bishops are usually different one from another, not only in form and special Clauses, but likewise from the writs of Summons to Parliaments, unless where the word Concilium is used for a Parlia∣ment: There being no Praemunintes, &c. in any writs of Summons to Councils of State, but only to Parlia∣ments, and that not alwayes, but a the Kings pleasure: and no general Summons of all the Archbishops, Bish∣ops, Abbots, and Priors holding by Barony to all Coun∣cils of State; but only of such and so many of them as the King and his Counsil thought meet, when as they were usually all summoned to Parliaments.

14. That the writs of Summons to Convocations of the Clergy, were directed only to the two Archbi∣shops or their Vicars Generals, to summon all the Bi∣shops, Abbots, Priors and Clergy of their respective Provinces to them, not alwayes on a certain day or place as in writs for Parliaments and Great Councils, but at such time (or place) as they deemed most convenient, without any particular writs at all issued to any other Bishops, Abbots, Priors, or Clergy men, as in Summons to Parlia∣ments and Great Councils: where though they had all particular writs of Summons, yet the King oft times issued special writs to the two Archbishops, to summon all the Bishops, Abbots, Priors and Clergy, within the several Diocesses of their Provinces to appear at the Parliaments, Councils, and Convocations, to prevent all negligence, defects, or faylers in their Summon, and excuses for not appearing, whereby the affairs of the King and kigdom might be prejudiced.

15. That he number of Abbots and Priors summo∣ned to our Parliaments, was somtimes more, somtimes less, as I have briefly touched, relating their number in the grosse for brevity sake; where I find them parti∣cularly mentioned in the Rolls. The names of those Abbots and Priorr who were ordinarily or extraordina∣rily summoned to Parliaments and Parliamentary Page  108 Councils, with the reasons of this incertainty in their numbers by subsequent exemptions, because they held no Lands by Barony or Knights service from the King, but only in Frankalmoigne, or by act of special grace, or through vacancy by death, or otherwise; those who please may read at large in Mr. Seldens Titles of Honor, Book 2. ch. 5. Sect. 22, 23, 25. p. 732. to 735. and more particu∣larly in the ensuing Alphabetical Table of their names and Summons.

I shall here only present the Readers with 3. Kalen∣dars of their names out of the Clause Rolls, as I finde them there recorded.

The 1. List is that in the Clause Roll of 49 H. 3. m. 11▪ dorso in Cedula. where the writ at large being di∣rected to R. &c. Episcopo Dunolm, &c. (as it is here tran∣scribed, p. 5, 6.) immediately after the writ, this Cata∣logue of the Bishops, Abbots, Priors, and Deans names summoned to it follows, in this form.

    Eodem modo mandatum est Episcopo Karliol.
  • Abbati Sanctae Mariae E∣borum.
  • Priori Dunolm.
  • Priori Sanctae Trinitatis Eborum.
  • Abbati de Seleby.
  • Abbati de Furness:
  • Abbati de Fontibus.
  • Abbati de Royvall.
  • Abbati de Melsa▪
  • Archiepiscopo Eborum.
  • Priori de Parco.
  • Abbati de Rup.
  • Abbati de Bella Lauda.
  • Priori de Bridlington.
  • Priori S. Oswaldi.
  • Abbati de Rufford.
  • Priori de Blida.
  • Priori de Thurgarton.
  • Priori Karliol:
  • Abbati de Wyteby.
  • Priori de Giseborne.
  • Decano Eborum.
    Page  108Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis.
  • Episcopo London.
  • Episcopo Wynton.
  • Episcopo Exon.
  • Episcopo Wygorn.
  • Episcopo Lincoln.
  • Decano Exon.
  • Decano de Well.
  • Episcopo Elien.
  • Episcopo Sarum.
  • Episcopo Coventr. et Litchf.
  • Episcopo Cicstr.
  • ElectBath. et Wellen.
  • Decano Srum.
  • Decano Lincoln.
    In forma praedict a scribitur Abbatibus, Prioribus sub∣scriptis sub hac data. Teste Rege apud Wodest. XXIIII. die Decembr.
  • Abbati Sancti Edmundi.
  • Abbati de Wautham.
  • Abbati de Sancto Albano.
  • Abbati de Glaston.
  • Abbati de Rading.
  • Abbati de Cirencestr.
  • Priori de Merton.
  • Abbati de Oseney.
  • Priori Sanctae Fresewid: Oxon.
  • Abbati de Missenden.
  • Abbati de Waverle.
  • Priori Elien.
  • Priori Norwicen.
  • Abbati Cestr.
  • Abbati Salop.
  • Abbati de Hulmo.
  • Abbati de Bardene.
  • Priori de Lenton.
  • Abbati de Bello.
  • Priori Ordinis de Sem∣pligham.
  • Priori de Watton.
  • Electo de Evesham.
  • Abbati Westm.
  • Priori Hospitalis Sancti Iohannis Ierusalem in Anglia.
  • Magistro Militis Templi in Anglia.
  • Abbati de Ramesey.
  • Abbati de Burgo.
  • Abbati de Thorn.
  • Abbati de Crouland.
  • Abbati Colecestr.
  • Priori de Dunstaple.
  • Abbati de Bello loco.
  • Abbati de Parco Lude.
  • Abbati de Stanlegh.
  • Abbati de Lilleshull.
  • Abbati de Buttlesden.
  • Priori de Betuver.
  • Priori de Lews.
  • Abbati de Clervaus.
  • Priori de Stodley.
  • Page  109 Abbati S. Augustin. Can∣tuar.
  • Abbati de Cercesey.
  • Priori Sanctae Trinitatis Cantuar.
  • Abbati de Hida Winton.
  • Abbati de Middleton.
  • Abbati de Cerne.
  • Abbati de Abbotisbury.
  • Abbati de Tavistocks.
  • Priori de Huntingdon.
  • Abbati de Sulebey.
  • Abbati S. Augustini Bristol.
  • Abbati de Malmesbery.
  • Abbati de Milchene.
  • Abbati de Abingdon.
  • Abbati S. Petri Gloucestr.
  • Abbati de Persour.
  • Abbati de Winchecombe.
  • Priori de Coventr.
  • Abbati de O elveston.
  • Abbati de Teukesbury.
  • Priori de Swinesheued.
  • Priori de S. Neoto.
  • Abbati de Wardon.
  • Abbati Sancti Iacobi Nor∣thampt.
  • Abbati de Leicestr.
  • Abbati de Kirkested.
  • Priori de Eton.
  • Priori de Cruceroys.
  • Abbati de Kirkestall.
  • Abbati de Tame.
  • Abbati de Bermundesy.
  • Priori de Barnewell.
  • Abbati de Meryvall.
  • Priori Sancti Swithin Win∣ton.
  • Abbati de Lesenes.
  • Priori de Ledes.
  • Priori de Lauda.
  • Priori de Spalding.
  • Priori Sancti Barthol. Lon∣don.
  • Priori de Kenelworth.
  • Priori de Nuttell.
  • Abbati de Vlle Dei.
  • Abbati de Croxton.

Here you see 36 Priors, inermixed promiscuously with 65 Abbots, (one of them only Abbot Elect, but not installed) the Bishops and Deans inerposed be∣tween them, most of which Priors, and some of which Abbots, were never after summoned to any other Par∣liaments, nor yet these Deans in this manner.

The 2. is that of Clause 23 E. 1. m. 4. dorso, and 24 E. 1. m. 7. dorso: where the Abbots and Priors sum∣moned to those 2. Parliaments are thus registred and distinguished by their several Orders in both these rolls alike, and in no Summons else besides these: though they are again all summoned and entred almost in this Page  110 Order in Claue 28 E. 1. dors. 17. and 3. and some Rolls in E. 2.

  • Abbati de S. Edmundo.*
  • Abbati de Waltham.
  • Abbati de Alnewik.*
  • Abbati de Egleston.
  • Abbati de Sta. Agatha.
  • Abbati de Barlinge.
  • Abbati de Tupholme.
  • Abbati de Byley.
  • Abbati de la Dale.
  • Abbati de Newhus.
  • Abbati de Cokirsand.
  • Abbati de Croxton.
  • Abbati de Kirkested.
  • Abbati de S. Radegunda.
  • Abbati de Heppe.
  • Abbati de Fureyes.*
  • Abbati de Sallaye.
  • Abbati de Holmecoltram.
  • Abbati de Novo Monaste∣rio.
  • Abbati de Iornall (or) Ie∣reval.
  • Abbati de Fontibus.
  • Abbati de Bella Lauda.
  • Abbati de Melsa.
  • Abbati de Kirkestede.
  • Abbati de Rupe.
  • Abbati de Rughford.
  • Abbati de Valle Dei.
  • Abbati de Gerndon.
  • Abbati de Stanley in Ar∣dern.
  • Abbati de Pippewell.
  • Abbati de Combe.
  • Abbati de S. Albano.
  • Abbati de Evesham.
  • Abbati de Tichefeld.
  • Abbati de Suleye.
  • Abbati de Lavendox.
  • Abbati de Torre.
  • Abbati de Wellebecks.
  • Abbati de Hales.
  • Abbati de Bello capite.
  • Magistro Militiae Templi in Anglia.
  • Priori Hospitalis Ioh. Ie∣rus. in Anglia.
  • Magistro Ordinis de Sem∣plingham.
  • Abbati de*Blanca Lauda.
  • Abbati de Basingwerk.
  • Abbati de Cumbermere.
  • Abbati de Crokesden.
  • Abbati de Valle Regali.
  • Abbati de Deulacresse.
  • Abbati de Mira Valle.
  • Abbati de Stanlawe.
  • Abbati de Byldewas.
  • Abbati de Stanle in Wiltes.
  • Abbati de Swynesheued.
  • Abbati de Wardon.
  • Abbati de Boxle.
  • Abbati de Stratford.
  • Abbati de Tyletye.
  • Abbati de Binedon.
  • Abbati de Quarrera.
  • Abbati de Leteley.
  • Abbati de Dunkeswell.
  • Page  111 Abbati de Bell loc Regis.
  • Abbati de Strata florida.
  • Abbati de Flaxele.
  • Abbati de Tntrn.
  • Abbati de Kingswode.
  • Abbati de Waverle.
  • Abbati de Revesbye.
  • Abbati de Parco Lude.

16. That in the writs of Summons to Abbots and Pri∣ors, the writs are very seldom recited at large to any of them, unless in 27 E. 1. d. 9. and towards the latter end of the reign of King Edward the 3. where some writs to the first Abbot named in the lists of Summons, are entred at large; the rest only recited with an, &c. or not mentioned at all, but only thus, Eodem modo mandatum est, &c. or Consimiles Literae, or Consimilia Brevia diriguntur Abbatibus et Prioribus subscriptis; entred in the Roll, with a Catalogue of their names subscribed under it.

17. In antient times the first writ that is entred, for the most part issued to the Abbot of S. Augustines in Canterbury, (in which Rolls there is no certain order observed in the Abbots and Priors names and summons.) sometimes the Abbot of S. Albans, now and then the Abbot of Glastonbury; sometimes some other Abbots are first named in the List of Summons, and one name frequently praeponed, & then postponed after another, as the Register was pleased to enter them in the Rolls: But from 1 H. 4. to the end of King Ed. 4. the first writ entred is, Abbati de Burgo Sancti Petri. As for the Priors, they are for the most part registred after the Abbots; now and then but rarely, before the Abbots, and frequently intermixed with them: sometimes one Prior is placed before another in some Summons, which was named last in other Lists: few Lists agreeing in the order of their names, unlesse that of 23 E. 1. d. 4. and 24 E. 1. d. 7. which exactly accord in all things, from which that of 28 E. 1. d. 3. & 17. doth somwhat vary in the order, though not in the number of their names.

Page  112 18. That the absence of the Archbishops, Bishops or other Great men from, and no coming to Parliaments an Great Council when summoned, did many times hinder the procedings in them, and caus them to be prorogued or adjourned, to the publike prejudice▪ yet upon particular necssary occsions for the kingdomes defence and afety, their personal presence was dispen∣sed wih, and their Summons superseded; winesse this memorable writ to the Bishop of Durham, Claus. 6 E. 2. m. 12. dorso.

Rex, Venerabili in Christo Patri R. eadem gratia Du∣nolm. Epsopo salutm. Li••t nuper Vobis mandaver∣mus quod omnbus aliis praetermissis essetis ad Nos tertia Dominica Quadragesimae prox▪ fuur, apud Westm, ibidens Nobiscum t cum Praelatis t Proceribus Regni nostri super diversis negotiis Nos et Statum ejusdm Regni nostri tan∣gentibus tractaturi, vest umque consilium impensur▪ Pre securitate tamen Custodiae et majr tuitione partum vestra∣rum contrScotos inimicos t Rebeles nostros, vobis man▪ damu, quod à partibus praedictis vos nu••atenus ••anf∣ratis, sed Procuratorem vestrum sufflo••nter instructum ad¦dictos diem et locum mittatis, ad consent nd, his qu tun ibdem per Nos t dictos Prlatos, t Procre••n••geris or∣dinari. Teste Rege apud Westm, 20 diFeb.

Eodem modo mandatum est Episcopo Karliol. T. ut supra.

And this other observable writ of Supersedeas to the Bishops of Durham, and Karliol, with other Lords and Great men summoned to Parlimnt, thus recorded, in Claus. 12 R. 2. m. 42. dorso.

〈…〉*〈…〉Page  113〈…〉 Vobis mandamus▪ quod prop••r rsistetiam inimicorum nostrorum prdictorum meliori et fortiori mod quo poteri∣tis, in propriis partibus vestris, aut alibi ubi in hac parte me∣lius videritis expedire, expectetis, mandato nostro non ob∣stante. Ita quod semper dilctis et fidelibus Henr. de Per∣cy Comiti Northum: & Johanni ae Nevil de Raby quos ad supervidend: et gubernand: Marchias Scotiae assignavi∣mus, obedientes, intendentes sitis et auxiliantes quot••ns et qando per ipsos, seu orum alterum fueritis rationabiliter praemuniti. Teste Rege apud Northampton 20 die Augu∣sti. Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis sub eadem data, viz. Th. Episcopo Karliol, Rogero de Clifford, Johan∣ni de Roos de Hamlake, Rado▪ Baroni de Graystock, Philippo Darcy, Henr. Fitz Hugh; Willielmo de Da∣cre.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur Henr. de Percy Comi∣ti Northumb. Iohanni de Nevill de Raby, excepto ulti∣mo Clauso. Ita semper.

Of which see more in my Observations on the next Section, and here p. 51, 52.

19. That some writs to particular Bishops, varied in certain special clauses now and then from those issu∣ed to other Bishops at the self same time, upon special occasions, and in the* form of the Praemunientes, &c.

20. That as there are some single writs of Summons to Bishops, or Archbishops entred in the Clause Rolls now and then, without any to the Temporal Lords or Barons registred together with them; So there are some writs of Summons to and prorogations of Parliaments issed to Temporal Lords in some Rolls, without any to Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors or Ecclesiasti∣cal Lords entred with them, though no doubt they had the like writs of Summons and Prorogations, although not registred, as the bodies of the writs do manifest.

21. That the writs issued to the Archbishops, Bi∣shops Page  114 Abbots, Priors and Clergy, run usually in this form▪ Vobis mandamus quod in fide et dilectione quibus nobis tenemini, &c. not in fide et homagio. But the writs to the Earls, Barons and Temporal Lords: though they sometimes retain the self same words in fide et diloctio∣ne, yet for the most part they run thus; quod in fide & homagio, or ligeantia, quibus nobis tnmini, &c. or in ho∣magio, id et dilectione: or in homago et ligentia; ho∣magio, or ligeantia being put in the place of dilection, or added to fide et dilectione quibus nobis tenemini.

22. That the writs to the Archbishops, Bishops, Ab∣bots and Priors, for the most part, observe this stile; Vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proce∣ribus, &c. in all clauses of the writ; The writs to the Earls, & Temporal Lords, Vobiscum, ac cum Praelatis et cae∣teris Magnatibus et Proceribus, or caeteris Magnatibus, or Proceribus, only: caeeris being evr placed before Praela∣tis, in the writs to the Bishops, Abbots, but after Praelatis, and before Magnatibus or Procribus, in all writs to the Temoral Lords, because of different Orders▪ the Pre∣lates no being Magnates or Procrs by birth, or in their own right, but only the Temporal Lords; and they being not Praelati, or Ecclsastical Peers by order or function, but only the Bishops, Abbots, Priors, and other Ecclesiastical▪ Barons.

23. That the number of Archbishops, Bishops, Ab∣bots, Priors and Ecclesiastical persons summoned by writs to our Parliaments, was for the most part equall to, and many times farr exceeding the number of the Temporal Lords, & Barons; as you may easily discern by computing and comparing their numbers in this, with those of the Temporal Lord in the ensuing Section. In the Parliamvnt of 49 H. 3. the number of the Prelates, Abbots, and Spiritual persons summoned by writ, was 120. the number of Temporal Lords, but 23. Anno 23 E. 1. d. 9. the number of the Spiritual Lords sum∣moned was 77; of the Temporal Lords but 63. And dors. 3, 4. the Spiritual Lords summoned to another Page  115 Parliament that year, amounts to 90. the Temporal Lords only to 50. In 24 E. 1. d. 7. the Spiritual Lords summoned, were in all 91. the Temporal but 43. yet in other Parliaments the Temporal Lords exceeded the Spiritual, as in 27 E. 1. d. 18. the Spiritual Lords were 58. the Temporal 90. but in the next Parliament 28 E. 1. m. 3. the Spiritual Lords summoned were 102. the Temporal only 89. Their differences in number in other Parliaments I shall for brevity sake omit, only in most summons under King H. 4, 5, & 6. during these Kings absence and wars in France, (when most of the Earls and Temporal Lords were in actual service in the wars) the Spiritual Lords were neer double to the Tem∣poral.

24. That the first writ wherein I finde any mention of, and provision for the Defence of the Church of Eng∣land, is in 6 E. 2. here, p. 20. the next is in 11 E. 3. p. 39, & 40. 12 E. 3. p. 42. & 14 E. 3. p. 46. After which in the writs of 18 E. 3. p. 50. 31 E 3. p. 60, 61, 62. 46 E. 3. p. 67. 49 E. 3. p. 69. 1 R. 2. p. 69, 70, 72. and in most succeding them, Defensionem Ecclesiae An∣glicanae, Salvationem et defensionem Ecclesiae Sanctae; Et oc sicut salvationem et defensionem Ecclesiae Sanctae diligi∣tis, were usually inserted into the writs of Summons, as well to Parliaments as Convocations, and in writs to the Temporal Lords and Sherifs, as they were in writs to the Clergy, it being one principal end of sum∣moning Parliaments and Convocations.

25. That sometimes the Archbishops, Bishops, Ab∣bots, Priors were* authorized by the writs themselves to make Proctors, or Proxies to supply their places; other times prohibited to make any Proctors or Proxies at all, but peremptorily injoyned to appear in person, without any excuse, or Proctor to supply their absence. But the Deans, Chapters, Archdeacons, Priors and Cler∣gy of every Diocess by a special clause of Praemunientes, &c. in the writs to the Archbishops and Bishops, and by second writs to the Archbishops, were summoned Page  116 the Deans, Prirs and Archdeacons by themselves, their Chapters by one, and the Clergy of each Diocess, Quod per duos Procuratores idonos penam et sufficientē potestatē ab ipsis Capitulis et Clero habentes, dictis die et loco inter∣sint, ad facend. & consentiend. hiis, quae tun ibidem de Com: Consilio regni nostri, divina favent clementia cotig∣rit ordinari. Amongst others, the Bishop of*Bath and Wells was particularly injoyned Praemunientes Priorem et Capitulum Bathon. et Decanum et Capitulum Wellen▪ Ecclesiarum suarum, &c. quod idem Prior et Dcanus in propriis personis suis, & dicta Capitula per unum Procura∣torem idoneum, &c. una nobiscum inter sint, ad▪ &c. Here∣upon the Prior of Bath when sick appeared not in per∣son, but by a Proctor, and the Chapter of Bath by one or more Prctors, specially chosen and authorized by their Letters of Procuration under their Seals; Which Let∣ters of Procuration, I find entred in the antient Parch∣ment Leiger Book of the Priory of Bath in sundry forms in the reign of King Edward the 1. which I shall here in∣sert, for their rarity; and because they will inform us, what ull and sufficient power other Priors, Deanes, Chapters, and the Clergy of each Diocess, (as also the Spiri••al Lords when absent, and authorized to make Proxies,) gave to their Procurators; and in what forms other Letters of Procuration were made in former times, of which I find only one printed in* Mr. Selden.

The first of these Procurations runs in this manner, being directed to the King himself:

Serenissimo Domino suo, Domino Edwardo, Dei gra∣tia, illustri Regi Angliae, Domino Hiberniae, et Duci A∣quitanae, sui devoti Thomas Prior, et Capi: Bathoniensis Ecclesiae, salutem, et debitam cum orationibus assiduis reverentiam et fidelitatem. Ad tractandum▪ ordinan∣dum et faciendum una Vobiscum et caerers Praelatis et Proceribus, et aliis Regni incolis, in praesenti Convo∣catione Generali apd Westm. die Dominica proxima post festum S. Martini, pro diversis Regni negotiis con∣venientibus, dilectum in Christo Conratrem, et Con∣professum Page  117 nostrum Frarem W. de Hamptn,ostrum faci∣mus, ordinamus, et constituimu PROCURATO∣REM per praesentes, plenam et liberam poestatem ei∣dem in hac parte concedenes. In cujus rei testimo∣nium sigillum, Capituli nostri praesentibus est appensum. Datum in Capitulo nostro Bathon: die Mercurii prox. ante festum S. Martini. Anno grat. 1295. (A. 23 Ed. 1.)

There is another Letter of Procuration to this W. d Hampton, made by the Sub Prior and Chapter of Bath the same year in the same words with the former, ex∣cept in this variation and addition; Et aliis Regni in∣colis in hac instanti Convocatione generali apud Westm. die Dominica prox. ante festum Sancti Andreae Apo∣li, &c. PROCURATOREM LEGITIMUM per prae∣sentes: Danes eidem, &c. (as before) omnia nostro nomin facienda quae Nos faceremus si in Convocatione memoraa praesentes esse possemus. In cjs, &c. ut supra. Datum in Capit. nostro Bathon: die Sanctae Celi∣ciae Virginis & Martyris. Anno gr. 1295.

Anno 24 E. 1. I find this form of Procuration by the Sub-Prior and Chapter of Bath directed to the Archbi∣shop of Canterbury.

Reverendae Sanctitatis Patri in Christo, Domino C. Dei patientia Cantuar: Archiepiscopo, totius Angliae Primati, sui filii humiles et devoti Frater Philippus Sub∣prior. et Capitulum Bathoninsis Ecclesiae Cathedralis devotos obedientiae et reverentiae Spiritus cum salute. Ad tractandum una cum caeteris Religiosis in Convoca∣tione vestra praesenti London. convenientibus die Do∣minica qua cantatur Laetare Ierusalem, cum continua∣tione diei, siopus fuerit seu dirum, et ad faciendum omnia quae Nos ipse faceremus si praesentes ibidem esse possemus, dilecto Confratri nosro, et Conmonacho Will: de Hampshire PROCURATORI NOSTRO ple∣nariam per praesentes contedimus facultaem: Ra∣tum habentes stabile et fimum quicquid per eundem nomine nostro in Convocatione praedicta actum fuerit Page  118 sen concessum. In cujus rei testimonium Sigillo Capi∣tuli nostri fignari fecimus hanc Indenturam. Datum in Capiulo nostro Bathon: die Sancti Cuthberti. Anno Dom. 1296.

In the 27. year of King Edward 1. there is this Pro∣curation made in another form.

Sancto Patri ac Domino, Domino C. Dei gratia Ar∣chiepiscopo Cantuar. totius Angliae Primati, Frater Thomas, Prior Ecclesiae Bathon. salutem, subjectionem, honorem et reverentiam debitam tanto Patri. Sanctae Congregationi Patrum Reverendorum Dominorum E∣piscoporum, Abbatum, Priorum, caeterorumque Praela∣torum ac Cleri Provinciae Cantuar. in vestra praesentia reverenda post instantem commemorationem Anima∣rum London faciendae, ob debilitatem nimiam nostri cor∣poris, non valenes personaliter interesse; vestrae Pa∣ternitati supplicamus attente, quatinus tunc ibidem hanc no••ram excusationem habere dignemini benignius excusatam. Ad tractandum vero providendum e or∣dinendum super utilitatibus Ecclesiae promovendis, et aliis articulis de quibus in vestrae Paternitatis manda∣to plenior it menio, ac consentendum hiis quae opor∣tuna et expedientia videbuntur, dilectum nobis in Chri∣sto fratrem Hugonem Godmer nostrum Commonachum, NOSTRUM PROCURATOREM facimus et consti∣tuimus loco nostri, ad faciendum omnia ac singula quae Nos faceremus, seu facere deberemus si personalier praesentes essems. Ratum habituri et gratum, quic∣quid idem Procurator noster cum unanimi Sanctorum Patrum et Cleri praedictorum assensu in praemissis duxe∣rit faciendum. Valeat vestra Sncta Paternicas reveren∣da in Christo per tempora longiora. Datum Bathon. 4 to. Kal. Novembr. Anno Dom: 1299.

There is another Procuration of the self-same date made by the Sub-Prior and Chapter of Bath, directed to the said Archbishop with the self-same Preface, to tanto Patri: and then Vestrae Sanctae Paternitati notum fa••mus per praesentes, quod Nos ad tractandum, providen∣dum, Page  119 ordinandum super utlitatibus Ecclesiae promovendis, e aliis rtioulis de quibus in vestrae Paternitatis mandato plenior fit mento, et ad consentiendum hiis quae oportuna et expedientia videbuntur; dilectum nobis in Christo Frarem Roberum de Clapcote nostrum Commonachum nostrum Procuratorem facimus et constituimus loco nostri, ad facien∣dum omnia 〈◊〉 singula quae verus et legitimus Procurator facr dbet et consuevit. Ratum habiuri et graum, quic∣quid idem Proourator, &c. (as in the next before.) Da∣tum in Capitulo nostro Bathon: 4 Kal. Novembr. Anno Dom. 1299.

The same year on the first Lords day in Lent, I meet with another Procuration of this Prior in a different form from the precedent.

Universis sanctae Matris Ecclesiae iliis rater Thomas Prior Eclesiae Bathon: salutem in Domino sempiternam. Quia IN PARLIAMENTO DOMINI REGIS HA∣BENDO LONDON secunda die Dominica Quada∣gesimae OB NIMIAM CORPORIS NOSTRI DE∣BILITATEM ADESSE PERSONALITER NON VALEMUS, dilectum Nobis in Chri••o Frarem Wil∣lielmum de Hampton, nostrum Commonacum, NOS∣TRUM PROCURATOREM FACIMUS ET CON∣STITUIMUS, ad faciendum pro Nobis ibidem quae∣cunque facere deberemus, secundum tenorem mandati Regis si in propria nostra persona tunc praesentes esse∣mus, et consentiendm sicut justum fuerit et canonicum hiis quae de Communi Consilio pro utilitate Domini Regis et Regni, favente Domino tunc ordinand. coni∣gerit, vel tiam provideri. Ratum habituri et gratum quicquid idem Frater Willielmus NOSTER PROCU∣RATOR cum unanimi Praelatorum Ecclesiasticorum, Procerum ac Magnatum, et Cleri assensu in praemissis sic duxerit faciendum. Datum Bthon: die Dominica pri∣ma Quadragesimae. Anno Dom. 1299.

There is the like Procuration of the sme date made to him by the Prior and Chapter of Bath in all their names, and in the same words.

Page  120 About the same year, the Sub Prior and Chapter of Bath made this form of Procutation, entred in their Leger Book.

Paeat universis per praesentes, quod Nos Prior et Capitulum Ecclesiae Bathon. dilectos nobis in Christo William de Sywnham Clericum, et Ihannem de Merston PROCVRATORES NOSTROS VEROS ET LE∣GITIMOS, conjunctim et divisim, et quemlibet eo∣rum in solidum, ita quod non sit melior conditio occu∣pantis, ad infra scripta fecimus, ordinavimus et consti∣tuimus per praesentes. Dantes eisdem et eorum alteri nomine nostro potestatem IN PARLIAMENTO DOMINI NOSTRI REGIS apud Wstm. in crastino S. Hillarii prox futur. per Dei gratiam celebrando, cum continuatione et prorogatione dierum sequentium, us∣que ad ••nalem dicti Parliamenti expeditionem, compa∣rendi cum caeteris Religiosis, et aliis de Clero Regni Angliae Proceribus et Magnatibus dicti regni, caulas et negoci quas vel quae habuerint in Parliamento trac∣tandi, proponendi, necnon super tractandis et propo∣nendis ibidem Statum dicti Domini Regis, e regni sui, ac etiam STATUM ECCLESIAE ANGLICANAE concernentibs: nostrumque deliberatum consensum et cons••iium hiis quae mediante Domino ibidem con∣tigerit utiliter ordinari una cum aliis impendendi. Ul∣teriusque faciendi in praemissis et eà concernentibus quod juris fueri et rationis. Promittentes Nos ratum, firmum et gratum sub Ypotheca reum quos et ligare posumus, habituri, quicquid dicti PROCURATO∣RES NOSTRI VEL EORUM ALTER in praemissi et ea contingentibus duxerint, vel duxerit faciend. In cujus rei estimonium igillum nostrum commune praesentibus est appensum. Dat. in Domo nostro Ca∣pitulari Bathon.

26. That it appears by theaClauses and contents of sundry Praemised Writs, as likewise by thebProte∣stations of the Clergy, and their Distinct Aydes, and Subsidies from the Temporalty granted in Parliaments Page  113 to our Kings by d•••erent Acts of Parliamen, exant in our PrintedcStatute Books, as well as Parliament, and Statte Rolls; that the King and Temporal Lords and Commons in Parliament could not legally impose any Aydes, Subsidies or Taxes whatsoever on the Archbi∣shops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Deans, Chapers, Arch∣deacons, and inferiour Clergy oEngland, without their own special Grants and Consents in their Covocati∣ons; it being contrary to the Great Charters of Henry the 1. King John, and Henry the 3. Chap. 1. yea to the Freedom, Rights, Liberties of the Church confirmed by them, and to all other Acts confirming Magna Charta, and to a particular Act, Rot. Parl. anno 8 H. 4. . 36. exempting them from making Contributions with the Laity. Therefore they cannot do it now, upon the self same grounds, they having as full, as large an interest in their Rights, freedoms, Libeties, and those Grand Charers, Sta∣tutes confirming them, as any of the Laity have in theirs: Yet when they obstinately refused to grant▪ King Ed∣ward the first a necessary Ayde for the defence of the Realm in two successive Parliaments one after the other, against their allegiance and duty,donly because Pope Boniface by his Constitution had prohibited under pain of ex∣communication, Ne Talliae vel Exactiones à Clero per seculares Principes quocunque modo exigentur, vel eis solvantur de rebus Ecclesiae: the King thereupon did put them out of his protection: to redeem which, many of the Clergy by themselves, and many of them by Mediators gave the King the fifth part of their goods, notwithstanding the Popes Inhibition; which is thus related by Matthew Westminster, Anno 1296. p. 407, 408.

Die Sancti Hillarii, celebravit Archiepiscopus Con∣cilium suum cum Coepiscopis suis Suffraganeis Londini in Ecclesia Sancti Pauli. Quibus tractantibus per dies octo super postulatione regia, non invenerunt iter rec∣tum, nec modum exclusivae sententiae, si aliqui vel quae∣ito colore, vel aliquo titulo quippiam contulissent, eti∣am Page  114 si plurimi clerici, aulici, curialeque accessi••ent, qui postulatis consilium dederan & favorem. Quae omnia Regi per Episcopos, aliósve nuncios, funt relata. Qui statim mutatus in crudelem, perversa regali aequalita∣te in tyrannidem, licentiatis suis famulis, obviantium cleicorum religiosorumque virorum, quasi modo hosti∣li, equitaturas ibi arripere meliores, prohibitis insuper placitatoribu, in lege sua peritis, coram Baronibus de Scaccario, seu ante quemvis lium Justiciarium secu∣larem, pro personis Ecclesiasticis allegare, Ecclesiasti∣cos ministros censuit sua pace inignos. Mandavit eti∣am singulis ordinatis, sponte offerre sibi suorum proven∣tuum quintam partem, at invitè cedere omnibus bonis suis. Huic mandato primitus obtemperaverunt qui∣dam onsorati, in curia regali praelati, in cura verò ani∣marum Pilati manifesti, ut inducerent pari modo ani∣mos caeterorum. Quo facto, seisita sunt protinus per manus Vicecomitum omnia bona clericorum mobilia & immobilia, super laicum feodum inventa, aqu fisco re∣gio titulata, cum superabundanti molestia suis ablatis libertatibus, qas praedecessores reges, Christianitatis conservatores, Ecclesiis contulerant, authores bonorum. Et quod nequius est ferendum, appreciabantur ipsorum facultates, emptoribus quantocius expoendae, nec se∣curi audebant clerici equitare, nisi in majori conventu propter militum in clricos violentiam, à rege licentia data. Sed & omni bona Archiepiscopi, mobilia & immobiia, capta sunt in manu regis. Ipse quidem sus∣tinuit patientè. Ig••ur Clero siut supradictum est passo in corpore, pasus est & Rex in animo. Hinc do∣lor et metus omnium Praelatorum. Hi••mque in per∣plexitate maxima constituti sunt, ut si quicquam conce∣derent, sententiam excommunicationis incurrerent ip∣so facto, et si non darent, non effugerent immisericor∣des manus ipsorum praedonum. His madefacti adversi∣tatibus, pro se ipsis anxii, pro grege sibi commisso in∣cosolabiliter moestificati, tanquam non habente alimo∣niam, Page  115 ingruente fame, necessario seculum reperere quaesierunt, protectionem regis facultatibus suis, ratio∣ciio magno, redemptis.

Yet notwithstanding all the Clergy procured special Absolutions from this Poe, from that Excommunica∣tion they conceived they had incurred by this their Ayd granted to the King against his Constitution, though done only through force, and such fear as might hap∣pen even to a constant man, as I observe by certain In∣struments of Absolution, remembred by none of our Hi∣storians, but registred in the Leiger Book of the Priory of Bath; out of which I have transcribed them, as not unworthy publike knowledge.

Venerabili in Christo Patri, Dei gratia Archiepsopo Cantuar. vel ejus Vicario in Spiritualibus, Frater Genti∣lis, miseratione divin, Ecclesiae Sancti Martini in Mon∣tibus Presbyter Cardinalis, salutem, et synceram in Domi∣no caritatem. Ex parte Johnnis de Godmer perpetui Vi∣carii Ecclesiae de Chedern. Bathon. & Wellen. Diocaes. Nobis oblata pettio continebat, Quod ipse olim per vim & metum qui cadere posset in constantem, invitus Ministris se Collectoribu illustris Regis Angliae, contra novae Con∣stitutionts tenorem Sanctissimi Patris Domini Bonefacii, divina providentia Papae 〈◊〉, Tallias sive Collec tas per sol∣vit; per quod sententiam Excommunicationis incurrit, in tales generaliter promulgataem, et sic ligatius, non tamen in contemptum Clavium, in suis Ordinibus ministravit, et alias se ingressit divinis. Super quibus, supplicari feit humili∣ter sii de absolutionis beneficio et dispensationis gratia per sedem Apostolicam salubriter provideri. Nos igitur, auc∣toritate Domini Papae, cujus Penitentiariae curam gerimus, circumspectioni vestrae committimus, quatenus si ita est, ip∣sum Vicarium à dictae excommunicationis Sententia uxtae formam Ecclesiae absolvatis. Proviso attentè, quod idem Vicarius super hoc mandatis Domini Papae, et Romanae Ecclesiae semper parebit, et faciet illam poenitentiam quam sibi duxerit injungendm, eoque ad tempus prout expedire Page  116 vider••is a suorum Or••num executione suspenso. Demum Suffraganibus ei meriis alioque Canonico non obstante su∣per irregularitate dicto modo contracta cum eo misericorditer auctoritate dispensetis predicta. Datum Agnan: 6to I∣dus Augusti. Pontiicatus Domini Papae Bonefacii 8. Anno sexto.

Sancto Patri in Christo et Domino reverendo R. Dei gratia Cantuar. Archiepiscopo totius Angliae Pri∣mati, sui filii humiles et devoti Thomas Prior et Con∣ventus Bathon. salutem, et devotus obedientiae et reve∣rentiae Spiritus cum omni honore debito tanto Patri. Ad petend. et recipiend. à vestrae clementia sanctitatis beneficium absolutionis, super excommunicationis sen∣tentia quàm incurrisse veremur, ex eo quod contra Con∣stitutionem sanctissimi Patris et Domini Bonifacii di∣vina providentia Papae octavi editam, contra omnes qui Collectas et exactiones sibi à Ministris, Nunciis seu Collectoribus illustris Regis Angliae persolverut no∣lentes vel inviti, Protectionem Domini Regis super hoc impetrantes et recipientes; dilectum Nobis in Chri∣sto fratrem Hugonem Godmer, praecentorem Ecclesiae no∣strae Bathoniae Conmonacum nostrum, nostrum in hiis constitimus Procuratorem. Dantes eidem liberam et plenam potestatem estra in hac parte recipien∣di mandata quae secundum Deum ad salutem animarum nostrarum juxta tenorem, formam, vim et effectum man∣dati Apostolici super hoc vobis directi, nobis duxeritis injungenda, una cum potestate jurandi in animas no∣stras secundum quod postulaverit ordo Juris. In cu∣jus rei testimonium Sigillo nostro communi signari feci∣mus hanc scripturam. Datum Capitulo nostro Bathon: 5 Idus Novemb. Anno dom. 1300.

Universis praesentes literas inspecturis pateat eviden∣ter, Quod nos Thomas Prior Bathon. et ejusdem loi Conventus Ordinis S. Benedicti, Bathoniensis et Wellensis Diocaes. bona side promittimus et sub ypotheca omnium bonorum Monasterii nostri cavemus, quod nos semper Page  117 Romanae Ecclesiae et Domini Papae mandatis parbi∣mus, super excommunicationis et interdicti sententiis quas incurrimus, pro eo quod dudum contra Constitu∣tionis tenorem Sanctissimi Patris nostri Domini Boni∣fa••ti Papae octavi, Nunciis, seu Ministris Domini Regis Angliae Subsidium de bonis nostris Ecclesiasicis con∣tribuimus propter vim et metum qui cadere poterit in constantes. In cujus rei testimonium, &c. Datum in Capitulo nostro Bathon. 5 Idus Novembr. Anno Dom. 1300.

Universis praesentes Literas inspecturis Robertus per∣missine divina Cantuar. Archiepiscopus totius Angliae Primas, aeternam in Domino salutem. Literas Vene∣rabilis Patris Domini Matthaei Dei gratia Portuensis, et Sanctae Rufinae Episcopi sanctissimi Patris Domini Bo∣nifacii Papae 8vi. Paenitentiarii recepimus, tenorem qui sequitur continentes. Venerabili in Christo Pati Dei gratia Archiepiscopo Cantuar. vel ejus Vicario in Spi∣ritualibus, Frter Matthaeus miseratione divina Portu∣ensis, ac Sanctae Rufinae Episcopus, salutem, et sempiter∣nam in Domino caritatem. Ex parte Prioris et Con∣ventus Monasterii Bathoniensis Ordinis Sancti Benedicti fuit propositum coram Nobis, quod ipsi olim viet meu qui cadere poerit in constantem, Ministris, Nunciis, eu Collectoribus illustris Regis Angliae contra Consti∣tutionem et tenorem Sanctissimi Patris et Domini, Do∣mini Bonifacii divina Providentia Papae octavi noviter ditae contra Tallias, Collectas et Exactiones sibi impo∣sitas persolverunt, propter quod Excommunicationis incurrunt sententiam ex ipsius Constitutionis tenore in omnes et singulos contra facientes generaliter promul∣gatam: Et sic ligati in suis, non tamen in contemp∣tum Clavium, ministraverunt Ordinibus, et aliis divinis se ingesserint Officiis sicut prius; Verum cum parati sint Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae in omnibus obedire man∣datis, supplicri fecerunt humiliter eis per sedem Apo∣stolicam salubriter provideri. Nos igitu ipsorum sup∣plicationibus Page  118 quantum cum Deo po••umus favorabiiter annuents, auctoritate et mandato Domini Papae cujus Paenitentiariae curam gerimus, providentiae vestrae prae∣sentium tenore committimus, quatinus i est ita, ipsos et eorum quemlibet a reatu excesus hujusmodi et ex∣communicatione quam propter hac incurrerunt absol∣vatis juxta formam Ecclesiae consuetam; Interdictum ab ipso Monasterio amovendo, et injunca eorum cui∣libet pro culpae modo paenientia salutari, et alia quae talibus debent et consueverunt injungi; quodque ta∣bunt mandatis Ecclesiae, et facient illam poenitentiam quam sedes Apostolica eis duxerit injungendam▪ Super iregularitate ex praemissis contracta dispensetis auc∣toritae et mandato praedictis, alio non obstante cano∣nico, misericorditer eisdem prout secundum Deum ani∣marum ipsorum salui ideriis expedire. Datum La∣teran. 3. NonaMartii. Pontificatus Domini Papae Bo∣nifacii octavi Anno sexto. Nos igitur dictos Priorem et Conventum Monasterii Bathon. et eorum quemlibet in peror a Fratris Hugonis Godomer, Procuratoris ip∣sius Ecclesiae Bathon. Commonachi et Procuratoris sui, à majoris Excommunicationis sententia memorata, prae∣stita nobis primitus ab eisdem idonea cautione quod stabunt Mandatis Ecclesiae, efacient illam poenitenti∣am quam sedes Apostolica eis dixeit injungendam, auc∣toritate nobis in ha parte, commissa, juxta formam no∣bis in hac parte commissa juxta formam Ecclesiae absol∣vimus, et eis injunximus poenitentiam salutarem. In∣terdictum de ipso suo Monasterio amovendo. Et super irregularitate quam ea occasione sic ligai in suis Ordi∣nibus ministrando, et alias se divinis Officiis inmiscen∣do contraxerant, cum eisdem et eorum quolibet miseri∣corditer auctoritate dispensamus praelibata, prout se∣cundum Deum animarum ipsorum saluti vidimus expe∣dire. In testimonium vero praemissorum Sigillum no∣strum praesentibus est appensum. Datum apud Lyminge 17 Kal. December. Anno Dom. 1300. Consecrationis nostrae septimo.

Page  119There is another absolution from this excommuni∣cation granted almost in the like form and words by the Archbishop of Cant. to Iordanus Vicar of Wston, who made a Procuration to another Clerk to request and receive it in his behalf; quia gravi corporis agritu∣dine perpetua detentus ad vstram venerabilm praesentiam accedere non valens. By which it is evident, that every Clergyman and religious person whatsoever from the highest to the lowest, who through force or fear contri∣bued any aid to the King, against this Antimonarchical Constitution of Pope Boniface the 8. was excommunicated, interdicted for it, and forced to Petiion the Pope and his Penitentiaries, to be absolved from the same; and that only upon their Oaths and caution given to yeeld obedi∣ence alwayes to the Popes and Church of Romes mandaes for the future, and to undergo such penance as the Pope should please to iflict upon them for what was past; yet thi is sti∣led, a dealing mercifully with them. After which Oath ad absolution, An. 1300, when as the Temporal Lords and Commons granted the King the 15. part of their goods for the Confirmation of the Great Charer and their Liberties;* Robertus Archiepiscopus Cantuar. pro Clero nihil voluit concedere, neque de temporalitate an∣nexa Ecclasiae, sine licentiasummi Pontificis special; yet the Pope the next year usurped and received from him & them the Tenth of all their Ecclesiastical goods for 3. years, against their wills and the Kings too. Such vassals then were the English Clergy to the Popes; as of late years they have been in another kind to all arbitrary Commi∣tees, New Tax-masters and Governors, who not only tax them at their pleasures without their consents, but e∣ject, suspend, silence thē frō preaching, administring the Sacraments, or instructing children as Schoolmasters, in Publike or Private, without any legal cause, tryal, or proceedings, against all the Great Charters and Sa∣tutes for maintenance of their Liberties and Freeholds in their Benefices, they being meer tenants at will both Page  120 of their Ministry and Livings, the only means to make themr time-servers, Men-pleasers, Corupters of the Gospel▪ and Daubers with untempered morter, instead of sincere Ministers of the Gospel, and real Servants of Iesus Christ; Therefore fit to be timely redressed for the fu∣ture; as this Papal Constituion was timely opposed by King Edward the first, as is evident by Pat. 25 E. 1. pars 1. m. 9. 11. pars 2. m. 5. 6▪ & Claus. 30 E. 1. m. 13. which I shall hereafter recie at large in their due place. And this Passage of Mat. Westm▪ An. 1297. p. 408. Anno Gratiae 1297. congregatis Archipraesule Can∣tuar. & quibusdam aliis coepiscopis suffraganeis suis apud snctum Paulum Londint. 26 die Martii, iterum prostat ecclesiae consulturis, insurgentes protiniss duo causidici, & duo de ordine Praedicatorum fratres, regalem & tempora∣lem favorem aucupantes, conati sunt argumentis probare clerum ipsi regi, in tempore belli, non obstante prohibitione a∣postolica, de suis facultatibus posse licit subvenire. Insu∣per prohibitio sub poena incarerationis, ne quis contra ipsum regem et eos, qui jam pridem suam protectionem quaesierant, excommunicationis sententiam promulgart, provocatione facta pro se ad Romanam curiam & pro ipsis. Recesserunt igitur omnes oneratis suis conscientiis per Archipiscopum sic dicentem, salvet suam animam unusquisque.

Page  121

A most rare, usefull Alphabetical Table of all the Abbots, Maters, and Priors of Religi∣ous Orders, to whom any particular Writs of Sum∣mons to our Parliaments or Great Councils issued from Anno 49 H. 3. to 23 E. 4. extant in the Clause Rolls and Lists of Summons in the Tower of London, with the several years of each Kings reign wherein they were summoned: If they (or others) were twice or oftner sum∣moned in any year before R. 2. then the several dorses of the Clause Rolls that year, are expressed after the year d. for dorse, and the number of it next ensuing it in a pa∣renthesis, if but once, the figure for that year is only men∣tioned; the dorse of the Clause Roll for that year, you may readily find in the writs thereof mentioned in the pre∣cedent Section; and where were 2. Writs of Summons in one year under R. 2. H. 4, 5, & 6. there the Abbots and Priors were all twic summoned, in the Rolls and dorses, mentioned in the Writs of Summons here cited.

    (A)
  • ABbotesbury, 49 H. 3.
  • Abingdon, 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, 28, 30. (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 5, 6, 7. (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11. (d. 8. 14.) 12. (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14▪ (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1. (d. 3. 16.) 2 (d. 15. 31.) 4 (d. 19. 41.) 5. (d. 7. 25.) 6. (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9. (d. 2. 28.) 10. (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12. 13. (d. 1. 28.) 14. (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21. (d. 9, 28.) 22. (d. 7. 32.) 24, 25, 27, 28, 29. (d. 7, 8.) 31. (d. 2. 21.) Page  122 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H▪ 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12. 22, & 3 E. 4.
  • Agatha 23, 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Albans 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, 25, 27, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 5, 6, 7, (d. 15, 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19▪ 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 28.) 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, 33, 34, (d. 4. 35.) 38, 39, 42, 43. 44▪ 46, (d. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2. 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18. 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12. 22, & 23 E. 4
  • Alnewick 23, 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34, E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) E. 2.
  • Augustines Bristoll 49 H. 3. 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17 E. 3.
  • Augustines Canterbury 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4. 9.) 25, 27, (d. 17, 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 23. 33.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1 (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4, 9 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 20, 21, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, 33, 34. (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44. 46. (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, Page  123 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18. 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
    (B)
  • BArdny, or Bardnay 49 H. 3. 23. d. (9.) 25, 27, (d. 17, 18) 30 (d. 9. 12.) E 1. 6. (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 8. 18. 12, 13. (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 20, 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47. 49. (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9. 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Barlinge 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30▪ (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, d. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) E 2.
  • Basingwerk 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 3. 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6 E. 2.
  • Bella Lauda 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28. (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32. 34 E. 1. 1. (d. 19.) 2, E. 2.
  • Bllo, Bello loco, Bello loco Regis, & Bello Campo Regis, 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 27, (d. 17. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1. 1, (d. 3. 16. 19.) 2, (d. 31.) 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 16, 17, 18, 19▪ 20 E. 2. 4. (d. 19. 41.) 6, (d▪ 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9▪ (d. 18.) 10, (d. 1, 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 22, (d. 7.) 23, 24 E. 3. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15. 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38. 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12. 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Page  124Bello Capite, 23. (d. 4.) 24. E. 1.
  • S••cti Benedicti de Hulmo 43 H. 3. 23, 27. (d. 17, 18.) 30. (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 1. (d. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7. (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 10. (d. 8. 13.) 12. (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14. (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 2. (d. 15.) 4. (d. 19. 41.) 5. (d. 7. 25.) 6. (d. 4. 9. 19. 36) 7, 8, 9. (d. 2. 28.) 10. (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13. (d. 1. 18.) 14. (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22. (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31. (d. 2. 21.) 34. (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39. 42, 43, 44, 46. (d. 9. 11.) 47. 49. (d. 4, 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5▪ 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 39 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22, & 23, E. 4.
  • Bildewas 23. (d. 4.) 24. 28. (d. 3. 17.) 30. (d. 9. 12.) 32 E. 1.
  • Blanca, or Glauca Lauda 23. (d. 4.) 24 E. 1.
  • Bocland 12. (d. 11.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Boxle 23. (d. 4.) 24. 28. (d. 3. 17.) E. 1.
  • Burgo, & Burgo Sancti Petri 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30. (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1. (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2. 4, 6, 7. (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12. (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14. (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1. (d. 3. 16.) 2. (d. 15. 31.) 4. (d. 19, 41.) 5. (d. 7. 25.) 6. (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 8. 18.) 10. (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 11, 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14. (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21. (d. 9. 28.) 22. (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29 (d. 7, 8.) 31. (d. 2. 21.) 34. (d. 4. 35.) 36. 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9, 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4, 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3▪ 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29. 31, 33, 38. 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22, & 23 E. 4.
  • Page  125Burton Super Trent 23, 27. (d. 3. 18.) 30. (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 8, 9, 11. (d. 8. 14.) 12. (d. 11. 29.) 14 (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Butlesden 49 H. 3.
  • Byly 23 (d. 4.) 24. 28. (d. 3. 7.) 32. 34 E. 1.
  • Bynedon 23. (d. 4.) 24. 28. (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
    (C)
  • CErcesey, or Certeseye 49 H. 3. 23. 27 E. 1. 22. (d. 7.) 23 E. 3.
  • Cerne 49 H. 3.
  • Cestriae (S. Werburge) 49 H. 3. 28. (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Crencester 49 H. 3. 23. 27. (d. 17, 18.) 30. (d. 3. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1. (d. 3. 16.) 2. (d. 15. 31) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5▪ (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19, 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11, 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 28, 29.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 39, 46. (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4, 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9▪ H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22, & 23 E. 4.
  • Clervax 49 H. 3.
  • Cokersand, Crokersand 23, 24, 28 (d. 3. 17.) 32 E 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6 E. 2.
  • Colecester 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 17, 18.) E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7. (d. 27.) 8, 9, 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5, 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6. (d. 4. 9. 19, 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17▪ 18, 20, 21, (d. 9.) 23, Page  126 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8,) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 36, 37, 38. 39, 42, 43, 44▪ 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6, 1, 2, 6, 12. 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Combe, or Cumbe 23. (d. 4.) 24▪ 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (9, 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Crokesden 23 (d. 9.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1.
  • Croyland, or Crowland 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 9.) 25, 27, 28, (d. 3.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17. 18, 19, E, 2. 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d, 4. 9, 19, 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 9. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.), 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38. 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H, 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Croxton 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 25, 28▪ (d. 3. 17.) 30. (9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 1▪) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Cumbermere 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
    (D)
  • DE la Dale 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6 E. 2.
  • Deuacresse 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Page  127Dunkeswell 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
    (E)
  • EDmunds d Bury 49 H. 3. 23▪ (d. 4. 9.) 24, 25, 27, (d. 3. 17. 18) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1. (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23, 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21. (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 28, 29. (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34. (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d, 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12. 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Egleston 23▪ (d. 4.) 24, 28 E. 1.
  • Evesham 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, 25, 27, (d. 3. 17, 18.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4. (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8. 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21) 32, 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4. 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Eynesham 27, (d. 17, 18.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 4, 44 E. 3. 1 R. 2.
    Page  128(F)
  • FEversham 23, 27 E. 1. 6. 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) 17, 18 E. 2. 21. (d. 28.) E. 3.
  • Flxle, or Flaxley 23. (d. 4.) 24. 28. (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Fontibus 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1. (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8▪ 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16 E. 2.
  • Forneyes, or Furneys 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 4. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1 (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14 (d. 5.) E. 2.
    (G)
  • GErndon, Grendon, Gerwedon 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12▪ (d. 11. 29.) 14 (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Glaston 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 17, 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6 (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22▪ (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 24.) 34, (d. 4, 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46. (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3▪ 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, Page  129 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Glocester Sancti Petri 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 3. 17, 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E, 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9, 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18,) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, 23. 33.) 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. . d. 4.) 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
    (H)
  • HAles, or Hayles (2. distinct Abbots usually sum∣moned together) 23 (d. 4. 9.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 5 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Heppe 23 E. 1. (d. 4.)
  • Hid juxt Winton 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 3. 17. 18,) 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4. (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11▪ (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37,, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46. (d. 9. 11.) 47, 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 (d. 13. 24.) 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21 R. 2. 1, 3, 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, 8, 11, 12, 14, H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11. 13, 15 Page  130 18, 20, 23▪ 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Holmencoltram 23, (d. 4) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4 E. 2.
  • Hulme, See Benedict.
    (I)
  • IAmes (See Northampton.)
  • Ierevall, Iornal, Irval, Gereval, Gervaux, 23 (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 27.) E. 2.
    (K)
  • KI geswode 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Kirksted 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2▪
  • Krkestall 49 H. 3.
    (L)
  • LAvedon, Lanedon 23 (d. 4.) 24, 28. (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Lesenes 49 H. 3. 23 E. 1.
  • Leicester 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 17, 18.) E. 1. 12. (d. 11.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28. 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24. (25. cancellatur) 27, (summoned again) & 29, d. 7. E. 3. cancellatur.
  • Lilleshull 49 H. 3.
  • Litely, Letely, 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28. (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
    Page  131(M)
  • MAlmeshury 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 3. 17, 18) 28, 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20▪ E, 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 11. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18,) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. 8. 1. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, (d. 28. . . d. 4.) 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9▪ 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23. E. 4.
  • Mary Eborum 49 H. 3. 23, 27, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6▪ 7, (d. 15, 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16. 17, 18, 19, 20. E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 11. 31.) 4. (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8▪ 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 21. (d. 9.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3.
  • Melsa 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Meryval, Mira Valle 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28▪ (d. 3. 17.) 30. (9. 12.) 32 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2,▪ 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Middleton 49 H. 3. 12, (d. 11.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2. 22, (d. 7.) 23 E. 3.
  • Page  132〈◊〉 49 H. 3.
  • Muchelnye 22, (d. 7.) 23 E. 3.
    (N)
  • NEwhus 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1▪ 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) E. 2.
  • N••som 23 E. . (d. 4.)
  • Northampton, Iames 49 H. 3. 12, (d. 11.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Novo Monasterio 23 (d. 4.) 24, 28. (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9, 12.) 32, 34 E. 1.
  • Nuttel 49 H. 3.
  • Nywenham 2, 5, 6 E. 2.
    (O)
  • OSelveston 49 H. 3.
  • Osney 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 17, 18.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 12. (d. 11.) 14, (d. 5.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 8. 18.) 1, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 21, (d. 28.) 23, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47 E. 3.
  • Osytha 23, 32 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) E. 2.
    (P)
  • PArco Lude 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Sancti Petri Bristoll 32, 34, E. 1. 1, (d▪ 19.) E. 2. 32 E. 3.
  • Pershor, Persour, Pershor 49 H. 3. 23. 27. (d. 17, 18.) E. 1. 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Pippewell 23, (d. 4▪) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) E. 2.
    Page  133(Q)
  • QUrrera, Quarrere 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32 E. 1.
    (R)
  • RAdegunde 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34, E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, E. 2.
  • R••ing, Reding, Redings 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 17, 18.) 28, 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12 (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15, 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 6,▪ (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8, 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 2, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38. 39, 42, 43, 44, 46. (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4, 6,) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Rmsy Ramsey 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 17. 18.) 28, 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11▪ 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14,) (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 15. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 32.) 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21 R. 2, 1, 2, 3, Page  134 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 〈◊〉. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 〈◊〉. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. & 6, 12, 22, & 23 E.
  • Revesbye 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1. 14 (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Ryevall, Ryaval, Rival 49 H. 3. 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) E. 2.
  • Rufford, Rughford 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2. 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) E. 2.
  • Rupe 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 4.) 24, 48, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 3. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4. 6, 7, (d. 27.) E. 2.
  • Roucster. 12 E. 2. (d. 11.)
    (S)
  • SAllay 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 34, E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 27.) E. 2.
  • Salop 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 17, 18.) 32 E. 1. 5, 12 (d. 11.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18 E. 2. 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8, 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 2. 24, 25, 27, 29, (d. 7, 8,) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 38. 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, (d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Selebey, Selby, Suleby 49 H. 3. 23, 24, 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 4.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11.) 12, 13▪ (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 21, (d. 9.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) Page  135 34, (d. 4.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, (d. 28. & 1. d. 4.) 7, 8, 10, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Sherburne 23, 27, (d. 18.) E. 1. 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) E. 2.
  • Stanley in Arderne 23, 24, (d. 1. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) E. 2.
  • Stanlawe 23, (d. 4.) 28, (d. . 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Stonely, Stanley, Stanlegh in Wilts 23 (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1. 5, 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) E. 2.
  • Strata florida 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 2 E. 1.
  • Stratford at Bogh 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32 E. 1. 1, (d. 19. 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) E. 2.
  • Swynesheued 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
    (T)
  • TAme 49 H. 3
  • Tavistoke 49 H. 3. 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 22, (d. 7.) 23 E. 3.
  • Teukesbury 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 17. 18.) E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) E. 2.
  • Thorney 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 3. 18.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) E. 1. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 16. 17.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 4, (d. 5. 2.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 4, (d. 19. 4. 5, (d. 7. 5.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 20, 1, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 32.) 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. . 8.) 1, (d. 2. 1.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 7, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 . 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, 13, Page  136 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Thornton super Humber 23, (d. 4.) 27 E. 1. 5, 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E. 2. 2, (d. 3. 16.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 8. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15. 23 E. 3.
  • Ticheielde 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) E. 2.
  • Tintrne 23 (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Torre 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6 E. 2.
  • Tupholme 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 27.) E. 2.
  • Tyletye 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) E. 1.
    (V)
  • VAlle Di 49 H. 3. 23) (d. 4.) 24. 28. (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Valle Rgali 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32, E. 1.
    (W.)
  • Altham & Wautham Sanctae Crucis 49 H. 3. 23 (d. 4. 9.) 24, 25, 27, (d. 17, 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2. 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8. 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 2, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 34.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28 Page  137 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 33. 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15. 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Warden, Wardon de Boxle 49 H. 3, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 32 E. 1.
  • Waverly, Waverle 49 H. 3. 23. 25, 27, (d. 3. 17,) 28, 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32 E. 1.
  • Wellebeck 23, (d. 4.) 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9. 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Westminster Sancti Petri 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 27, (d. 3. 17, 18) 28, 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1. (d. 19.) 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 E, 2. 1, (d. 3. 16.) 2, (d. 15, 31.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9, 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 8. 18,) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11. (d. (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 17, 18, 21, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24; 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 33, 34, (d. 4. 35.) 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H, 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Whiteby, Wyteby 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 18.) E. 1. 12. (d. 11.) 14, (d. 5.) E. 2.
  • Winchecombe 49 H. 3. 23, 27, (d. 17. 18) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 32, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15, 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) 16, 17, 18, 19, E. 2. 4. (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) Page  138 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 16, 17, 20, 21, (d. 9.) 22. (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) E. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14▪ 15. 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23. R 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9. 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38. 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.

The total number of the Abbots summoned at se∣veral times, (taking Hales and Hayles as di∣stinct,) is 22.

    An Alphabetical Catalogue of the Priors and Masters of Religious Orders summoned to the Parliaments and Great Councils of England.
  • BArtholmew London 49 H. 3.
  • Bath 23 E. 1.
  • Bermundesey 49 H. 3.
  • Bernewell, 49 H. 3.
  • Blida 49 H. 3.
  • Bridlington 49 H. 3. 1. (d. 11.) 12, (d. 11.) 14, (d. 5.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2.
  • Bouver, or Beuver 49 H. 3.
  • Christ-Church Canterbury 23, 25, 27, (d. 18.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11.) E. 2. 21, (d. 28.) 22, (d. 7,) 32, 33 E. 3.
  • Coventre 49 H. 3. 13, 14, (d. 23.) E. 2. 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23 R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 H. 5. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12, 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Cruceroyes 49 H. 3.
  • Dunolme 49 H. 3. 29 E. 1.
  • Dunstaple 49 H. 3.
  • Page  139Ely 49 H. 3. 23, 25 E. 1. 21 E. 3. d. 28.
  • Eton 49 H. 3.
  • Finneshued 49 H. 3.
  • Friswid Oxon 49 H. 3.
  • Giseburn 49 H. 3. 23, 27 (d. 18.) E. 1.
  • Huntingdon 49 H. 3.
  • Iohn Ierusalem in Anglia 49 H. 3. 23, 25, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9.) 32 E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, 4, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11. (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 2, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, d. (1, 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22. (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 28; 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, 33, 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 42, 43, 44. 46, (d. 9. 11.) 47, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 E. 3. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23, R. 2. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3, 4 H. 5. 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 25, 28, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 1, 2, 6, 12. 22 & 23 E. 4.
  • Karliol 49 H. 3.
  • Kinleworth 49 H. 3.
  • Lauda 49 H. 3.
  • Ledes 49 H. 3.
  • Lenton 49. H. 3.
  • Lews, or Lewes 49 H. 3. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2. 4. 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) 16, 17, 18, 19 E. 2. 4. (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23, 33.) 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, (d. 9. 28.) 22, (d. 7. 32.) 23, 24, 25, 27, 36, 37, 38 E. 3.
  • Merton 49 H. 3. 23, (d. 9.) 27, (d. 18.) E. 1.
  • Nots 49 H. 3.
  • Nrwich 49 H. 3. 23, 25 E. 1.
  • Oswald 49 H. 3.
  • Parco 49 H. 3.
  • Roffen. 21 E. 3. d. 28.
  • Page  140Magist•• Ordinis de Smpingham, Semplingham, and Sem∣pringham, sometimes written Prior 49 H. 3. 24, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30. (d. 9.) 32 E. 1. 6, 7. (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, 14, (d. 5. 23.) E. 2. 10. (d. 1. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15 E. 3.
  • Stodley 49 H. 3.
  • Spalding 49 H. 3. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, (d. 15. 27.) 8, 9, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) 16, 17, 18, 19, E. 2. 4, (d. 19. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19, 36.) 7, 8, 9, (d. 2. 18.) 10, (d. 5.) 11, (d. 8. 11. 40.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23. 33.) 15 E. 3.
  • Swithe•• Winton 49 H. 3. 23, 25 E. 1. 21 E. 3.
  • Magister Militiae Templi in Anglia 49 H. 3. 23, 24, 27, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30. (d. 9.) 32 E. 1. 1 (d. 19.) E. 2. This Order of the Templars was dissolved under King Edward the 2. and their Lands scheated, setled on the Hospitallers by the Statute of 17 E. 2. So that the Mr. of the Templars was never after summoned.
  • Thurgarton 49 H. 3.
  • Trinity Cant. 49 H. 3.
  • Trinity Ebor. 49 H. 3.
  • Watton 49 H. 3.
  • Wigorne 23 E. 1.

The total of the Priors and Masters of Orders 41.

    Deans and other particular Clergy-men summoned.
  • Decan. Ebor. Decan. Sarum, Decan. Lincoln, Decan. Exon, Decan. de Well: 49 H. 3.
  • Magistro Gilberto Middleton Archid. Northampton Offic. Cur. Cantuar. Magistr. Roberto de Sanct. Albano Decano de Arcubus London: 18 E. 2. dors, 5. Decano Wellen. 32 E. 3. dors. 14.
Page  141

By this Alphabetical exact Table it is apparent,

1. That the total Number of the Abbots at any times summoned to Parliaments and Great Councils of State by special Writs and Memorials entred in the Clause Rolls, was 122. And the total summ of Priors and Masters of Religious Orders thus summoned, 41. in all 163. besides the 5 Deans, and the Official of the Court of Canterbury and Dean of the Arches.

2. That of all this numerous multitude of Abbots, Priors, and Masters of Religious Orders thus summo∣ned at several times upon particular reasons and occasi∣ons, there were only 25 Abbots constantly summoned towards the latter end of King Edward the 3. his reign, and the beg••ning of Richard the 2d. to the end of King Edward the 4th, and the dissolution of Monasteries; to wit, the Abbots of Abingdon, St. Albans, St. Augustines Canterbury, Bardeny, de Bello, de Burgo Sancti Petri, Ciren∣cester, Colecester, Croyland, St. Edmonds Bury, Evesham, Glaston, Gloucester, Hida, Hulmo, Malmesbury, St. Ma∣ries of York, Rading, Ramesy, Salop, Seleby, Thorney, Wal∣tham, Westminster and Winchecombe; And two Priors only, namely of Coventre, and of the Hospitall of S. Iohn of Ierusalem in England.

3. That 13. of these 122. Abbots, and 27. of these Priors, were summoned only but once; 4. of these Ab∣bots and 1. of these Priors but twice; 3. of these Ab∣bots and 3. Priors only thrice; 6. Abbots and 2. Pri∣ors but 4. times; 17. Abbots but 5. times, others 6. 7. 8. 9. or 10. times summoned, and no more, then totally omitted out of the Summons ever after.

4ly, That some Abbots and Priors summoned to ve∣ry many Parliaments, and Great Councils, were yet afterwards omitted out of the Summons, and never called by writ unto them afterwards. For instance, the Abbots of St. Augustines Bristoll were summoned to 16. of Barlinges to 25. of Cumbe to 21. the Abbots of Crox∣tonPage  142 to 22. Dontibus to 25. Of urneyes to 23. Of Hales to 21. Of Melsa to 23. Of Mira Valle to 21. Of Osency to 39. Of Thornton to 43. the Master and Prior of the Order of Semplingham to 29. the Prior of Lews or Lewes to 61. and the Prior of Spalding to 41 Parlia∣ments and Great Councils under Henry the 3. Edward 1. 2. or 3. and yet they were never summoned to any Parliaments after King Edward the 3. The Prior of St. Iames Northampton summoned once under Henry the 3d. being Summoned Ann. 12 E. 2. was (upon his Petition prosecuted by his Proctor) discharged from any future summons, and lest out of the Rolls after 14 E. 2. because Non tenet de Rege per Baroniam, nec 〈◊〉 Capite; sed tantum in puram et perpetuam eleemosynam, nec praede∣cessores sui unquam in Cancellaria i rotulati fuerunt, nisi ad stimulationem aliquorum malignorum▪ possent alias, pr casum irrotulari, et per consequens citari▪ as you may read at large ina Mr. Sclden. The Prior of Bridlington was summoned 9. times under Henry the 3. and Edward 2. and then in 14 Ed: 2. there was this entry made in the Roll, Nihil tenet de Rege, and no future Summons issued to him afterwards: The Abbot of Leicester was summoned to no less than 50 Parliaments and Great Councils under Henry 3. and Ed. 1, 2, 3. before 25 E. 3. yet after all these Summons there is this entry made upon his 51 summons, Ann. 25 E. 3. (Here, p. 6.) Abbas Leicestr, cancellatur, quia habet Cartam Regis quod non compellatur venira ad Parliamentum: The Grounds of which discharge are thus expressed in the Charter of his exemption from future summons gran∣ted upon his Petition in Parliament.

b Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. Salutem. Supplicavit nobis dilectus nobis in Christo Abbas de Lecestria, ut, cum Abbatia sua praedicta per Robertum Fitz Robert de Mkan, dudum Comitem Leycestriae, fundata fuisset in puram & perpetuam elemosinam, & advocatio ive pa∣tronatus ejusdem ad manus Domini H. quondam Re∣gis Angliae proavi nostri, per forisfactum Simonis dPage  143 Montorti tune Comitis Leycestriae & pa••oni ejusdem devenerir, idemque Abbas aliqua terras seu tenementa de nobis per Baroniam seu alio modo non teneat, per quod ad Parliamenta sen Consilia nostra venire tenea∣tur, nec aliquis Praedecessorum suorum ante quadragesi∣mum nonum annum dicti proavi nostri, post orisfactu∣ram praedicti Simonis (quo anno omnes Abbates et Pri∣ores Regni nostri Angliae, ad Parliamentum ejusdem proavi nostri tune tentum, voluntarie summoniti fue∣runt) summonitus extiterit, velimus ipsum Abbarem de hujusmodi adventu ad Parliamentum factae exonerari; Et quia visis cartis & confirmationibus de erris & te∣nementis eidem Abbatiae datis et concessis in Cancel∣lariae nostrae irrot ulatis compertum est, quod dicta Ab∣batia per praedictum Robert Fitz Robert de Mekan, tunc Comitem Leycestriae, fundata erat in puram et perpetu∣am Elemosinam, et non invenitur in rotulis praedictis, quod prae dictus Abbas aliqua erras seu tenementa de nobis tenet per Baroniam seu aliquo alio servitio, nec quod Praedecessores sui Abbates loci praedicti ad aliqua Parliamenta progenitorum nostrorum ante praedictum quadragesimum nonum annum dicti proavi nostri aut postmodum continu, sed vicibus interpolais, summo∣niti fuerint; Nolentes ipsum Abbatem indebirè sic vexa∣ri, concessimus pro nobis et haeredibus nostris, quod idem Abbas et successores sui de veniendo ad Parlia∣menta et Consilia nostra vel haeredum nostrorum de cae∣tero quieti sint & exonerati imperpetuum. Ita semper quod dictus Abbas & succe••ores sui in Procuratores ad hujusmodi Parliamenta & Consilia per Clerum mitten∣dos consentiant & ut moris est expensis contribuant eo∣rundem. In cujus, &c. Teste Rege apud West monaste∣rium XV. die Februar. Per petitionem de Parlia∣mento.

After which Patent and entry this Abbot being sum∣moned again in the lists of 27. & 29 E. 3. upon com∣plaint thereof, there was this Memorandum made in the Clause Roll of 29 E. 3. Cancellaur Abbas Leycestriae, Page  144 quia hab•• Cartam Regis, quod Non Compellatur vnir ad Parliamntum.

The Abbot of Tavistock was summoned to 5 Parlia∣ments and Parliamentary Councils under H. 3. Ed. 1. and Ed. 3. the last whereof was in 23 E. 3. but never after; yet King Henry the 8. in the 5. year of his reign, created Richard Banham Abbot of Tavistocke and his successors, to be one of the Spiritual and Religious Lords of the Parliament, of himself his heirs and successors; yet withall pardoned their absence at any time from Par∣liament, by reason of their great distance from it, pay∣ing only the fine of 5. marks for every time they should be personally absent into the Kings Exchequer, as this Patent manifests.

Henricus, &c.c Sciatis quod certis considerationibu nos specialitè moventibus, & o specialem devotio∣nem quam ad Beatam Virginem Mariam matrem Christi, sanctumque Rumonum, in quorum Honore Ab∣batia de Tavistocke, quae de fundatione nobilium proge∣nitorum nostroum quondam Regum Angliae & nostro patronatu dedicata existir; gerimus et habemus, hinc est, quod de gratia nostra speciali ac ex certa scientia & mero motu nostris, volumus candem Abbatiam sive Monasterium nostrum gaudere honore, priuilegio, ac li∣berratibus spiritualium Dominorum Parliamenti nostri Haeredum & successorum nostrorum. Ideo concessimus & per praesentes concedimus, pro nobis haeredibus & successoribus nostris quantum in nobis est, dilecto nobis in Christo Richardo Banha Abbati de Tavistocke prae∣dicto & successoribus suis, ut eorum quilibet qui pro tempore ibidem fuerit Abbas, sit et erit unus de spiri∣tualibus & Religiosis Dominis Parliamenti nostri Hae∣redum & successorum nostrorum, gaudendo honore, pri∣vilegio ac libertatibus ejusdem; Et insuper, de uberi∣ori gratia nostra, a•••ctando utilitatem dicti nostri Mo∣nasterii, considerando ejus distantiam, Ita quod si con∣tingat aliquem Abbatem qui pro tempore fuerit fore vel esse absentem propter praedicti Monasterii utilita∣tem Page  145 in non veniendo ad Parliamentum praedictum Hae∣redum vel successorum nostrum, quam quidem absenti∣am eidem Abbati perdonamus per praesentes; Ita tamen quod tune solve pro hujusmodi abentia cujuslibet Par∣liamenti integri in nostro Scaccario, suum per Attorna∣tum quinque Marcas nobis, haeredibus sive succe••oribus nostris, totiens quotiens, ho infuturum contigerit. In cujus, &c. Teste, &c. Vicesimo terio die Ianuarii, &c.

Sir Edward Cooke in his 4. Institutes, p. 45. affirms this Patent to be void in Law; but upon such a poor rea∣son, as will made all Temporal Lords, Barons, Earles, and Dukes Patents likewise void, if they hold not by Barony; and I conceive it to be good in Law, upon consideration of the premises, that our Kings did at their pleasure, without any special Patents of Creation, summon what Abbots and Priors they thought meet to their Parliaments, and omitted, discharged them at their pleasures, as the premises plentifully manifest be∣yond contradiction.

5. It is most demonstratively and experimentally evi∣dent by this Table: That the Kings bare writs of sum∣mons of Abbots, Priors, Masters of Religious Orders, Deans, and other Clergymen not holding by Barony, and their sitting in Parliaments and Great Councils, and debating, consulting, advising with the King and the rest of the Abbots, Priors, Bishops, Earls, Lords and Barons of the Realm in Parliament according to the tenor of the writs of Summons (issued to them all in the self-same form) did neither really or actually ennoble either them, nor their successors (for then byd Sir Edward Cooks own doctrine) they ought, ex debito justitiae, to have been summoned constantly during life, and their Successors after them, when they had been called by writ, actually sate in one, two, much more if in three or four Parliaments; when most of them who were summoned sate only in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8. Page  146 Parliaments and no more; and neither they nor their Successors were ever after summoned; yea some of hem after above 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60. summons to, and Sessions in Parliaments under several Kings, have been afterwards discharged, or left out of the writs of Sum∣mons, as no Barons nor Peers of the Realm, because they held not by Barony of the King: Therefore their writs of Summons and Session did only make them but momentany and quasi temporary Peers, or Spiritual Lords pro hac vice only, when and whiles they were summoned to, and sate in any particular Parliament or great Concil amongst the rest of the Prelates and Lords, not after they were dissolved, when both their temporaie. Pe•••ge and Lordships (if their writ and Session made them Lords or Peerpro tempore,) expired with the Parliaments: And by the self-same ground, reason, the Kings summons of any Knights, Es∣quires, or other Laymen to Parliament by a general wri••, who held not by Barony, without any special Clause creating them Barons by writs or Parents, and their actual sitting in Parliament, can neither ennoble themselves, nor make them Lords, Barons, or Peers of the Realm for life, much lesse their heirs males in fee, or for perpetity after their deceases, but onely make them quasi Peers, or Great men, or rather Assistants to, and joynt Consellors with the Lords in Parliament pro tempore, so long as the Parliaments to which they are summoned and in which they sit continue, but no longer; as I haveeelsewher proved, and shall further demon∣stratively evidence in the next Section, against Sir Ed∣ward Cookes and others mistakes therein.

8. That our Kings by their Prerogative and royall Authority alone did upon all extraordinary occasions summon what Abbots, Priors, Religious and Ecclesi∣astical persons they thought meet, in the self same manner, and by the self same forms of writs, as they summoned the Bishops, Abbots, Peers and other Lords Page  147 who were actual Peers and Barons of the Realm, in greater or smaller numbers as they and their Council thought meeest; who sate, consulted, advised in Parlia∣ment, together with the King and the rest of the Lords: which royal Prerogative and Jurisdiction was never questioned, oppugned, complained or voted against in any antient Parliaments to my knowledge; which be∣ing our Kings Parliaments, yea the Grand Councils both of the King and kingdom, (as the writs of Sum∣mons and all Prologues and Acts of Parliament stile them) they might thereupon lawfully summon to them what persons they deemed most fit and able to advise, assist them, and to promote, dispatch their publike affairs, for their own and the kingdomes benefit, safety, defence, and common welfare; though no actual Peers, Lords, or Barons of the Realm by Patent, or Tenure; as will more fully appear by the two next Sections.

7. This Table doth undeniably convince the foreci∣ted Memorandum (p. 34.) entred in Cl. 6 E. 3. m. 36. Istis Abbatibus et Prioribus subscriptis, non solebat scribi in aliis Parliamentis; viz. Abbati de Teukesbury, with 26 Abbots and Priors there named to be full of gross mistakes: For I find the Abbot of St. Augustines Bri∣stol summoned no less than 5. times before, and 11. times after 6 E. 3. and the Abbot of Bardenay no less than 33. times sommoned before, and 80. times after it, being one of the Abbots constantly summoned till the 23 E. 4. and dissolution of Monasteries: the Abbot of Barlinges 25. times before it: the Abbot de Bello 30. times before, and 70. after it, being one of the 25 Ab∣bots constantly summoned as a Baron: the Abbot of Burton upon Trent 12 times: the Prior of Bridlington 8. times, the Prior of Chester 4. times, the Abbot de Fon∣tibus 26. the Abbot of Furneyes 23. times: the Abbot of Gerveux (Gervall, or Iorvall) 13. times: the Prior of Gisurn thrice: the Abbot of Hayles 21 times: the Abbot of L••••nes twice: the Abbot of St. Ositha 12. Page  148 time, the Abbot of Perhore 11. times the Abbot of Ryevall 14. times: the Master and Prior of the Order of Sempingham 29. times, the Abbot of Stratford 12. times, all of them before 6 E. 3. the Abbot of Tavistock. thrice before, and twice after i: the Abbot of Tham once, the Abbot of Teukesbury 5. times, and the Abbot of Wardon 4. times before it: Only to the Abbots of Boghland, Langedon and Walley therein mentioned I finde no writs of Summons in any Rolls, unless Boghland, be meant of Bocland (as I conceive it is) who was twice summoned; and Langedon for Lavedon who was 5. times; and Whalley for Wave ley, who was 9. times summoned by writ before this Memorandum; entred by some ig∣norant Clerk, who had not well examined the former Clause rols and lists of Summons.

8. That the Bishops, Abbots and Priors summoned constantly and of right to our Parliaments and Great Councils by writ, were thus summoned to them, not as they were Bishops, Abbots, or Priors, but in respect of their*Baronies, which they held of, by, from and un∣der our Kings; as is evident by the Recognition made in the Great Parliamentary Council ataClarindon, Ann. 1164.b by Petrus Blesensis his Treatise De Institu∣tione Episcop: dedicated to King Henry the 2d; by the Judgement given against Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury in a Council at Northamton Anno 1165. (11 H. 2.) recorded bycWilliam Fitz-Stephens;d by the Great Charter of King Iohn, Anno 1215. (15 Io∣hanis) by thate of Matthew Paris Anno 1231. Sep∣timo Calendas Februarii, convenerunt ad Colloquium apud Westmonasterium Rex, cum Praelatis et aliis Mag∣natibus, ubi exegit idem Rex Scutagium, de quolibet Scuto tres marcas▪ ab omnibus qui Baronas tenebant tam Laicis quam Praelatis:ui Richardus Canuarien∣sis Archiepicopus, et quidam Episcopi cum eo, audc∣ter resistentes, dixerunt. Quod non tenentur viri Eccle∣siastici judicio subjici Laicorum, cum absque 〈◊〉 con∣cessum Page  149uit, Scutagium in finibus ransm••inis. Tan∣dem et post mustas inde disceptationes, negotium quan••m ad Praelatos reclamantes pertinebat usque 15. dies post Pascha dilationem ac••pit;* And by this no∣tible passage of the Continuer of Matthew Paris Anno 1267. (51 H. 3.) Rex citati fcit Comites et Barones, Archiepiscopos, Episcopos et Abbates, omnesque com∣muniter militare servitium sibi debenter, ut apud Sanc∣tum Edmundum, equis et amis sufficienter instructi convenirent, ad impeendum os, qui contra pacem Re∣giam occupaverunt Inslm Eljensem, &c. Abadunais qui ad Parliamentum citati suerant, praeter rebelles, pri∣mo principaliter Rex et Legarus subscriptos Articulos exigebant; Ut omnes Praelati & rectores Ecclesiarum decimas sibi concederent, de tribus annis sequentibus, & de anno prximo praeeito▪ quantum dabunt Baroni∣bus ad custodiendum mare contra alienigena. Re∣sponsio. Ad hoc responderunt, quod bellum inceptum fuerat per iniquam cupiditatem, & durat in praesens, & necessarium esset, hujusmodi petitiones pessimas praeter∣ire, & de pace regni tractare,* et Parliamentum suum ad utilitatem Ecclesiae et regni convertere, non ad denati∣orum extorsionem: praecipue quum terra in tantum de∣structa sit per bellum, quod nunquam, vel saltem sero poterit respirate. Secundu. Item petitum est, ut Ec∣clesiae taxarentur per manus Laicorum, justa et alta taxa∣tione, ad valorem omnium bonorum spectantium ad e∣asdem. Responsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod non est ratio, sed omnino contra justiciam,* ut Laici de deci∣mis colligendis se intromittant, nec in hoc unquam consentirent communiter, sed tantum ut taxaio anti∣qua staret. Tertius. Item, ut Episcopi & Abbates, &c. decimam suam darent DE BARONIIS SUIS plena∣rie, et de Laico feudo recta & alta taxatione. Respon∣sio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod depraedationibus sunt depauperati, et sequuti sunt Regem in expeditione, & tanta pecuniarum effusione, quod omnino pauperes sunt Page  150 effecti, e etiam errae eorum incultae acbant propter bellum. Quartus. Item petirum est, ut Clerus com∣muniter daret domino Regi, ad relevandum staum su∣um, triginta millia marcarum, propter ante dictas deci∣mas, quas quidem Legat us vendicabat ad opus Romanae curiae, propter debita Siciliae, Apuliae, et Calabriae con∣tracta, in nomine domini Edmundi filii Regis modo prae∣sentis. Responsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod ihil darent, quia omnes hujusmodi taxationes & extorsiones per Regem factae prius, nunquam in Regis utilitatem vel regni sunt conversae. Quiutus. Item petitum est, ut omnes Clerici TENENTES BARONIAS, vel Lai∣cum feudum, personaliter armati procederent contra regios adversarios, vel tantum servirium in expeditio∣ne Regis invenirent, quantum pertineret ad tantam terram, vel tenementum. Responsio. Ad hoc responde∣batur, quod non debent pugnare cum gladio materiali, sed spitiuali, scilicet cum lachrymis & orationibus hu∣milibus & devotis.* Et quod propter beneficia sua te∣nentur pacem manu tenere, non bellum. Et quod BA∣RONIAE EORUM ab eleemosynis puris stabiliuntur: unde servitium militare non debent, nisi certum, nec novum incipient. Sextus. Item petitum est, ut Clerus communiter aquietaret novem millia marcarum, quas Episcopus Roffensis Laurentius, Episcopus Bathonien∣sis Willielmus, & Abbas Westmonasterii Richardus, mutuo receperunt à mercatoribus domini Papae in curia Romana, quando fuerunt ibidem, pro Regiis negotiis exediendis. Responsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod nunquam consentiebant mutuationi tanti debiti, nec unquam inde sciebnt, unde in nullo tenentur illud ad∣quietare. Septimus. Item petitum est ex parte Papae, ut firet praedicatio in omni festinatione de cruce per totum regnum, ad expugnandm populum, quem curia providere, vel ad crucem perpetam redimendum. Re∣sponsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod populus trrae per bellum in magna parte perimitur, & si modo cruce sig∣narentur, Page  151 pauci vel nulli ad defensionem patriae rema∣nerent. Unde manifestum est, quod Legatus vellet naturalem terrae progeniem exulare, ut alienigenae li∣berius conquirere possint terram. Octavus. Item di∣cebatur, quod Praelati tenebantur ad omnes petitiones, vellent nollent, propter juramentum de Coventre, ubi juraverunt quod domino Regi auxiliarentur modis om∣nibus, quibus possent. Responsio. Ad hoc responderunt, quod quando juramentum fecerunt, non intelligebant de alio auxilio quam Spirituali, consilioque salubri.

By which demands and answers (not unsutable nor unseasonable for the consideration of our present times) it is apparent; that the Clergy ought not to be taxed by the Laity for their Ecclesiasticall Baronies and Tem∣poral Lands in Parliament, but only by themselves, much less then for their Spiritualties and Benefices; and that their BARONIES held of the King, obliged them to sit and serve in Parliaments, yet did not bind them to serve the King in person in his wars; nor to foment any wars between him and his Subjects, but rather to advise him to maintain peace not wars. By Matthew Westminstersa relation, That the Archbishop of Can∣terbury who the year before had all his Temporalties and goods seised into the Kings hands for refusing to grant a Subsidy to the King, for fear of Pope Boniface the 8. his Constitution to the contrary; together with the rest of the Clergy being put out of the Kings protection upon this occasion, was this year restored to the Kings grace and fa∣vor, atque REDDITA SIBI BARONIA SUA. And by this Protestation of the Bishops, Abbots, Priors and Clergy in theb Parliament of 11 Rich. the 2. Rotul. Parliamenti parte 1. nu. 2. Artic. 34. De Iure et consuetudine Regni Angliae ad Archiepiscopum Cantuariensem qui pro tempore fue∣ri, n••non caeteros Suffraganeos, Comfraires & Compa∣tres ABBATES ET PRIORES, ALIOS∣QVE PRAELATOS QVOSCUNQVE Page  152 PER BARONIAM DE DOMINO RE∣GE TENENTES, PERTINET IN PAR∣LIAMENTIS REGIIS QUIBUS CUN∣QUE UT PARES REGNI PRAEDICTI PERSONALITER INTERESS. ibi∣demque de Regni Negotiis ac aliis tractari 〈…〉 cum caeteris decti Regni Paribus, et aliis I 〈…〉 INTERESSENDI 〈…〉, consulere et tractare, ordinare, statuere et diffini∣re, ac caetera facere quae Parliamenti tempore ibide•• invenient facienda. Of which, those who please may finde many other Testimonies, in my Plea for the Lords, p. 151. to 158. 221. to 290. and in Mr: Sel∣dens Titles of Honor, Part. 2. Chapter 5. Section 17. to 26.

27, It is observable, that when any Archbishop di∣ed, after the writ of Summons to Parliament issued to him with a Praemunientes, &c. and before the return and execution thereof; the King thereupon issued a new Writ of Summons to the Guardian of the Spiritu∣alties of the Archbishoprick, with a Praemunientes to summon the Dean, Chapter, Archdeacon and Clergy of the Province, with a particular writ to the Dean and Chapter of his Church to appear at the said Parlia∣ment; as is evident by these two memorable writs in Claus. 9 E. 2. m. 20. dorso.

Rex Custodi Spiritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Eborum. sede vacante, salutem. Quia nupr tempore quo Parliamentum nostrum usque Lincoln. in Quindena S••ncti Hillarii prox. futur. summoneri mandavimus bonae memoriae W. pro tunc Archie piscopo loci praedicti jam de uncto, quod in propria persona sua dicto Parlia∣mento nostro interesser, ac quod praemuniri faciet Deca∣num et Capitulum Ecclesiae suae beti Petri Ebor. to∣tumque Clerum suae Dioc: quod dicti Decanus et Ar∣chidiaconi in propriis persnis suis, dictumque Capitu∣lum per unnm, et dictus Clerus per duos Procuratores Page  153 idoneos dicto Parliamento similiter interestent, ad trac∣tandum ibidem Noblcum super negotiis Nos et Sta∣tum Regni nostri ••ng••tibus pro quibus dictum Parlia∣mentum mandavimus Convocari. Nos nolentes per mortem praefati Archiepiscopi dicta mandata nostra dif∣ferri, set ea potius per vos executioni debito demanda∣ri, Vobis mandamus, quod Vos in propria persona ve∣stra dictis die et loco intersitis. Praemunientes praedic∣tos Decanum et Capitulum, Archidiaconos, totumque Clerum praedictum, quod iidem Decanus et Archidi∣diaconi in propriis personis suis, dictumque Capitulum per unum, ac dictus Clerus per duos Procuratores dic∣to Parliamento nostro in Quindena praedicta intersint. Ad tractandum ibidem Nobiscum super Negotiis prae∣dictis in forma supradicta, et ad consentiendum hiis quae unc ibidem de Communi Consilio contigerit or∣dinari. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Clipston 17 die Januarii, Per ipsum Regem.

Rex dilectis sibi in Christo Decano et Capitulo Ec∣clesiae beati Petri Ebor: salutem. Quia nuper, &c. (ut supra;) Et quod praemuniri faciet vos, Archidiaconos, totumque Clerum suae Diocaes. quod praefati Deca∣nus et Archidiaconi in propriis personis vestris, dictum∣que Capitulum per ••um, et praedictus Clerus per du∣os Procuratores dicto Parliamento nostro similiter in∣teressetis, ad tractandum ibidem, &c. Nos nolentes, &c. Vobis mandamus, quod vos praefatus Decanus in propria persona vestra dicto Parliamento in Quindena praedicta intersitis, Et vos dictum Capitulum per unum Procuratorem sufficientem sitis similiter, ad trctan∣dum ibidem, &c. Teste ut supra. Per ipsum Re∣gem.

28 That no private Prelates and Clergy men could grant a Subsidy to binde the rest of the Cler∣gy for the necessary defence of the Church, King, kingdom, against invading Enemies, without the ge∣neral Consent of the Archbishops, and all the Cler∣gy Page  154 summoned in Convocation within their respective Provinces; as is most apparent by this memorable writ to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the like to the Gardian of the Spiritualties of the Archbishoprick of York,* wherewith I shall close up this Section, and my Observations on it.

Claus. 9 E. 2. m. 17. Rex venerabil in Christo Pa∣tri. W. eadem gratia Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. salu∣tem. Pro firmo credimus et tenemus, quod ad ea quae regni nostri salva ionem et opul Nobis commissi tranquillitatem et quietem respiiunt cum Dei adjutorio feliciter promovenda mauus velitis extendere liberalitr adjuvantes. Quidam itaque Praelati et alii de Clero Provinciae vestre convocai, quos ad interessendum Parliamento nostro apud Lincoln. f••imus summoneri, ibidem, ex parte nostra super Subsidio nobis pro guerra nostra Scotiae fa•••nda requisiti ad urgen∣tem necessitatem in hac parte, & inevitabile periculum quod tam Ecclesiae Anglicanae quam Nobis et toti po∣puto nostro ex Scotorum inimicorum et rebellium nos∣trorum, (qui pluries Rgnum nostrum hostiliter sunt in∣gressi, depraedationes, inondia, homicidia at alla dampna quamplunima intulrunt perpetrando) obstinat a malitia pot∣rit imminere, nisi orum nequitiae citius et poten••cus cum Dei adjutorio resistatur, suae considerationis intuitum dirigentes ad Subsidium Nobis ex causa praedicts faciendum, quate∣nus vois absentibus cui subsu, t in quorundam aliorum tam Praelatorum, quam Religiosorum et caeterorum de Cle∣ro dictae Provinciae absentia potuerunt, unanimiter consense∣runt: Ita tamen quod tam ipsi quam alii de Clero vestrae Provinciae qui in dicto Parliamento praentes non fuerunt coram vobis ad tractandum et consentiendum vestra aucto∣ritate interveniente de certo Subsidio Nobis, ut praemittitur, faciendo, in loco debito convocentur. Vestram ig••ur Pa∣ternitatem reverendam, de qua fiduciam gerimus plni∣rem requirimus et rogamus, quatinus omnes Pralatos, tam Religiosos quam alios, caterosque de Clero Provinciae vestrae supradictae, quod sint coram Vobis apud Londn die Mr∣curii Page  155 prox. post Quindenam Pasch. prox. futur. ad ulti∣mum, ad tractand. in vestra praesentia, et una vobiscum consentiend. super Subsidio memorato, convocari faciatis. 〈…〉 Sub∣sidio nomine nostro audiendam, it nobis post modū reportan∣dam. Teste Rege apud Lincoln. 17 die Febr.

Eodem modo mandatum est Custodi Spiritualitatis Ar∣chiepiscopatus Eborum. sede vacante mutatis competenter mutandis, excepto quod Clerum Eborae. Provinciae veni∣r〈◊〉〈◊〉 ipso apud Eborum à di Paschae in unm mensem▪ &c. Teste ut supra.

What ever else concerns the Prelates, Abbots, Pri∣ors, Convocation and Clry; is reserved for its pro∣per plac in subsequent Sections.

Page  156

SECTION II.

Of the several writs of Summons to Parliaments and Great Councils, directed to the Tempo∣ral Lords; as The King of Castel, the Prince of Wales, Dukes, Marquesses, Earls, Viscounts, Lords, Barons, and other Great men of the Lords House; whereof there are several forms and varieties; with Observations on them.

SOme pretended Antiquaries, not well versed in our Records, in their late printed Discourses of The Antiquity of the Parliaments of England, p. 22. 24. 88. 89. meeting with a Transcript of ancient writs issued to Earls, Barons and Great men holding lands of the King by Knight service, to repair to him at a certain time and place, cum equis et armis, for his de∣fence against Enemies or Rebels in times of warrs, in∣surrection, or danger, have injudiciously conceived these writs, to be Writs of Summons to Parliaments, or confounded them promiscuously with them; affirming; That they find these writs recorded AMONG THE PAR∣LIAMENT ROLLS of 14. (or 15.) E. 3. and there∣fore thought good to remember them. When as there are Page  157o such writs extant in any Parliament Rolls in the Tower; nor any Writs of Summons to Parliaments or Great Councils, entred in our Parliament Rolls (as they ignorantly publish) but only in the Dorse of the Clause Rolls, quite different and distinct from the Rolls of our Parliaments, as the meanest Novice in Records can ascer∣tain them.

Upon the like mistake some have conceited these ensuing writs of Claus. 45 & 47 H. 3. to be writs of Summons to Parliaments and Great Councils, when as the writs themselves declare the contrary, that they were only Summons, to assist the King against Enemies and Rebells, with horses and arms, and all their power; not to counsel, advise, or grant any aydes of money to him in Parliament.

a Rex Willielmo de Bello Campo de Aumel, salutem. Mandamus Vobis in fide et homagio quibus Nobis te∣nemini firmiter injungentes, quod omnibus aliis praeter∣missis ad Nos sitis London in craftino Apostolorum Simo∣nis et Iudae absque dilatione ulteriori, CUM EQUIS ET ARMIS, ET CUM POSSE VESTRO, tam de servitio vestro Nobis dbito, quam de subventione a∣micorum vestrorum, pro quibusdam urgentibus ••ego∣tiis personam nostram specialiter et Statum Coronae no∣strae tangentibus. Et hoc sicut de vestra fidlitate et di∣lectione confidentiam gerimus specialeullatenus omittatis. Quia SUBVENTIONEM qum Nobis et Coronae nostrae praeter servicium Nobis debitum ad praesens feceritis, in consequentiam trahi nolumus, nec vobis per hoc ullo tempore derogari. Taliter vos habe∣atis in hac parte quod dicto die absque defalta ad Nos sitis, ita quod vobis exinde in perpetuo teneamus ad grates. Teste Rege apud Turrim London 18 die Octobris.

Eodem modo mandatum est Phil: Basset, and 107. Barons and great men holding by knights service, there registred by name. After which this writ ensues in the same Dorse.

Rex Abbati de Burgo Sancti Petri, salutem. Manda∣mus Page  158 vobis in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod omnibus aliis praetermissis mittaris Nobis Servitium vestrum quod Nobis debetis; ita quod sitis ad Nos in crastino Sancti Martini absque defalto, pro quibusdam urgentibus negotiis personam nostram specialiter et statum regni nostri tangentibus. Et hoc sub debito fidelitatis qua Nobis enemini nul∣latenus omittatis. Teste ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est, to 36 Abbots more, whose names are there listed in the Roll: Then fol∣lows this entry.

Isti subscripti vocati sunt ad crastinum Apostolorum Simonis & Iudae CUM EQUIS ET ARMIS; Tho∣mas de Chauro: with 16. more there named after him.

Mandatnm est Vicecomiti Essex, quod summoneri faciat omnes illos de Honoribus de Redleg et Castro Baynard, et de Hundredo de Rochford, quod veniant ad Regem ad undem diem cum servicio suo Regi debi∣to.

The like writs issued to divers others in this and o∣ther Membranas of this Roll of 45 H. 3. to ayde the King against the Barons then in rebellion against him, and reduce them to their obedience, as is evident by this writ to the Earl of Flanders, though not particular∣ly expressed in the precedent writs.

b Rex Comiti Flandriae, salutem. Quiae Magnates nostri NOBIS ALIQUANDIU REBELLES EX∣TITERINI, propter quod, nisi citius resipiscant, aliud consilium Nos opponere oportebit, dilectionem vestram requi∣rimus et rogamus, quatinus taliter vobis providere velitis, quod ad Nos centum Milites et tot servientes ad arma bene munitos Nobis mitere possitis: Taliter vos habentes in hac parte, quod specialiter vobis teneamur ad gratias. Teste Rege apud Windesor. 22 die Augusti.

In 47 H. 3. there issued these ensuing writs to sundry Noblemen and others to aid the King against the Welsh∣men then in rebellion against him, to suppress their Re∣bellion, and reduce them to obedience.

Page  159c Rex, Rogeto de Bigot, Comiti Nor••: & Maris∣callo Angliae, salutem. Mandamus vobis sub debito fide∣litatis et homagii quibus Nobis tenemini et sicut ea quae de nbis tntis, diligitis, quod in festo beati Petri ad Vincula prox. futur. sitis apud Wigorn. CUM EQVIS & AR∣MIS, et cum servitio vestro Nobis debito: parati exinde Nobiscum proficisci in expeditionem nostram contra Lew∣ellinum filium Griffini et complices suos REBELLES NOSTROS, et ita decenter in hac necessitate nostra ibidem vniatis, ut dictorum NOSTRORUM REBELLIVM versutia adeò potenter reprimatur, quod Nobis et Vobis ce∣dat ad honorem, et exinde vobis ad grates teneamur specia∣les. Teste Rege apud Westm. 25. die Maii.

Eodem modo mandaium est to 133. Nobles and o∣thers, whose names are there recorded.

Thed like writs of Summons against the Scots, Welsh, French and other Enemies and Rebels, frequently oc∣curre in the Clause Rolls of King Iohn, Henry 3. and Ed∣ward 1, 2, 3. Rich. 2. and other Kings: which have no Analogy with writs of Summons to Parliaments or Great Councils, wherewith some Ignorant Antiquaries would conjoyn them as Homogeneal; which I thought it to premise, to avoid all mistakes of this kinde.

It is evident by this Clause in the writs i••ued to the Bishops, Claus. An. 6. Iohannis Regis m. 3. dorso. (ore∣cited, p. 2, 3.) vestrum expedit habere consilium et ALIORUM MAGNATUM terrae nostrae QUOS AD DIEM ILLVM ET LOCUM FECIMVS CONVOCARI: that King Iohn issued forth writs of Summons to the Temporal as well as Spiritual Lords, to summon them to the Parliamentary Council then held at London, though neither the form of the writs by which they were then summoned, nor any list of their names be entred in that or any other Roll now extant. And by this Clause in the writ of Summons to the Archbi∣shop of York Claus. 26 H. 3. m. 13. dorso: ad tractandum Nobiscum una cum CAETERIS MAGNATIBUS NOSTRIS QUOS SIMILITER FECIMUS CON∣VOCARI;Page  185 it is most apparent, that the Temporal Lords and great men were likewise called to the Par∣liamentary Great Council then assembled at London by writ, though there be no entry of those writs, nor ca∣talogue of their names in that or any other Rolls to be found, but only the single writ to one Archbishop.

All the antientest writs of Summons of our Tempo∣ral Lords to Great Councils being utterly lost through negligence, or perished through the rust or consumpti∣on of time, the very first writ of Summons to them, and Kalendar of their names now remaining, is that of 49 H. 3. dors. 11. Cedula already recited at large, p. 5, 6. one and the self-same form of writ verbatim, being then directed both to the Temporal and Spiritual Lords, though they usually differed in after times in some spe∣cial clauses. After the Eodem modo mandatum est; and Catalogue of the Bishops, bbots, Priors, Deans, and Ec∣clesiastical persons names then summoned to that Par∣liamentary Council by the self-same writs, there followed this list of the Temporal Lords and Barons.

Item in forma praedicta mandatum est COMITIBUS et aliis subscriptis: dat: de Wodestok. Comiti Leicestr. Comiti Gloucestr. Com. Norff: & Mariscallo Angliae, Comiti Oxon. Comiti Drby, Radulpho Cameys, Rogero de Sancto Iohanne, Hugoni le Despencer Justic. Angliae, Iohanni Filio Iohannis, Willo. de Munchensey, Nicho. de Se∣grave, Iohi, de Vescy, Rado: Basset de Drayton, Henr. de Hasting. Galfrido de Lucy, Roberto de Ros. Iohanni de Ey∣vil, Ade de Novo-Mercato, Waltero de Colevyll, Willielmo Maryun, Rogero Bertram, Rado. Basset de Sapcote, Gil∣berto de Gaunt.

This Parliamentary Council was summoned soon af∣ter the great bloudy battel at Evesham (wherein the f Barons who opposed K. Henry were totally routed, Simon de Montford their General, and many others of of them slain in the field, and the rest scattered) to set∣tle the peace and tranquillity of the Realm as the writ informs us; the most of the Barons and Great men up∣on Page  161 on this occasion being omitted out of the Summons, though many more Abbots, Priors, and Clergymen were summoned to it, than to any other succeeding Parliament whatsoever, to supply the places of the Ba∣rons then in actual rebellion, and give the greater re∣putation to this Assembly, as I apprehnd.

The 2. writ of summons to the Earls and Temporal [ 2] Lords, is this of Claus. 23 E. 1. m. 9. dorso. which I shall transcribe at large: though entred with an &c. in the Roll, with reference to the Bishops writs, ut su∣pra.

Rex, dilecto et fideli suo Edmundo fratri suo Com. Lanc. salutem. Quia super quibusdam arduis negotiis Nos et Regnum nostrum, ac Vos caeterosque Procetes et Magnates de eodem regno, quae sine vestra et orum praesentia nolumus expediri, Parliamentum nostrum te∣nere, et vobiscum super hiis colloquium habere vo∣lumus et tractatum; Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod sitis ad Nos apud Westm. primo die mensis Au∣gusti prox, futuro, vel saltem infra tercium diem subse∣quentem ad ultimum, nobiscum super dictis negotiis tractaturi, et vestrum consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullo modo omittatis. Teste me ipso apud Album Mo∣nasterium 24 die Iulii. Per Breve de Privato Sigillo.

Eodem modo mandatum est singillatim per Brevia Clau∣sa Comitibus & Baronibus subscriptis, viz. 12 Earls, and 53 Barons, and Great men of the Temporalty; whose names, because tedious to repeat after every writ, I shall present you with in a short Table in the Observati∣ons, for brevity sake.

The 3. writ is that recorded in Clause Anno 23 E. 1. [ 3] m. 3. dorso.*

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Edmundo Comiti Cornub. salutem. Quia super remediis contra pericula quae toto Regno nostro hiis diebus imminent providendis, Vobiscum et cum caeteris Regni nostri Pro∣ceribus habere volumus Colloquium et Tractatum: Page  162 Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis te∣nemini firmiter injungentes, quod die Dominica prox. post festum Sancti Martini in hieme prox. futur. apud Westm: personaliter intersitis, ad tractnd. ordinand. et faciend. Nobiscum et cum Praelatis, et caeteris Proceri∣bus, et aliis Incolis Regni nostri, qualiter sit hujusmo∣di periculis obviand: Teste rege apud Cantuar. primo die Octobris.

Consimiles Literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 8 Earls and 41 Barons and others Great men of the Lai∣ty: This writ differs in the Prologue and date from that to the Archbishop, Bishops, Abbots and Priors, Claus. 23 E. 1. dors. 4. summoned to the same Parliament, (Hre, p. 6, 7.) as you may discern by comparing them.

The 4. writ is recorded in Clause 24 E. 1. m. 7. dorso.

[ 4] Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo, Edmundo Comiti Cornub. salutem: Quia super remediis contra pericula, &c. (as before writ 3.) Vobis, &c. injungentes, quod in crastino Animarum prox. utur. apud S. Edmun∣dum personaliter intersitis, ad tractand. ordinand. et fa∣ciend. Nobiscum, et cum aliis Regni nostri Magnatibus &c. qualiter sit hujusmodi periculis obviand. et satui ejusdem Regni tutius et utilius consulend. Teste Re∣ge apud Berewic. super Twede 26 die Augusti.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 5. Earls and 37 Barons and Great men.

The 5. writ is thus registred, Claus. 25 E. 1. m. 25. dorso.

[ 5] Rex, &c. Edmundo Comiti Cornub: salutem.* Quia super quibusdam arduis negotiis Nos et Vos ac Regnum nostrum contingentibus vobiscum, una cum quibusdam aliis Proceribus et Magnatibus ejusdem Regni habere volumus Colloquium et tractatum; Vobis mandamus in homagio, fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod modis omnibus sitisad Nos apud Sarum, die Dominica in festo Sancti MatthaeiPage  163 Apostoli prox. sutur. ad ultimum; Nobiscum super dictis Negotiis Colloquium et Tractatum specialiter habituri, vestrumque consilium impensuri; Et hoc si∣cut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem Regni no∣stri, et incolarum ejusdem diligitis, nullatenus omitta∣tis. Teste Rege apud Wetings 26 die Januarii.

Consimile mandatum habent siuguli Comites, Barones, et MILITES subscripti, viz. 5 Earls, 65 Barons, 13 Knights. The word Milites being written over a∣gainst the Judges, and those of the Kings Council in the Margin of the Roll.

The 6. writ I finde extant in Claus. 27 E. 1. m. 18. [ 6] dorso.

Rex, &c. Edmundo Comiti Cornub: salutem, Quia super negotiis nostris ultramarinis, &c. (ut supra, p. 9. 10. in the writ to the Archbishop.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homgio quibus Nobis tenemini, &c. ut supra: Teste ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 10 Comiti∣bus; After which followes, the beginning of a writ, Henrico Percy, &c. and then Consimiles literae dirigun∣tur BARONIBUS subscriptis, being 79 more in par∣ticular.

The 7. writ is entred in Claus. 27 E. 1. m. 16. dor∣so. [ 7]

Rex, &c. Edmundo Comiti Cornub: salurem. Prop∣ter quaedam specialia et ardua negotia Nos et statum regni nostri tangent ia, &c. (as in the writ to the Arch∣bishop, p. 10.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio qui∣bus Nobis tenemini firmitet injungentes, quatinus sitis ad Nos apud Westm. in quindena Paschae prox. nunc ventur. omnibus praetermissis d tractand. &c. Teste ut supra.

Consmiles literae diriguntur, viz. 10. Comitibus, et Baronibus et Militibus subscriptis, viz. Iohanni de Ha∣stings, and 45. more.

The 8. is in Claus. 27 E. 1. m. 9. dorso; (the same [ 8] verbatim with that to the Archbishop, p. 10, 11.) di∣rected Page  164 onely to 3 Earls and 5 Barons entred on the Roll.

[ 9] The 9. is recorded in Clause 28 E. 1. m. 16. & 17. dors.

Rex, &c. dilecto Consangnineo et fratri suo Edmun∣do Comiti Cornub: salutem. Quia ad salvationem Co∣ronae nosrae et communem tilitatem populi Regni no∣stri Sancta die Dominica Quadragesimae prox. futur. Lndon. Parliamentum enere, et vobiscum ac cum cae∣teris Magnatibus et Proceribus ejusdem Regni super negotiis No, et idem Regnum contingentibus speciale Colioquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis man∣damus in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini fir∣miter injungentes, quod ad praedictos diem et locum personaliter intersiis Nobiscum, ac cum caeteris Mag∣natibus et Proceribus praedictis, super dictis negotiis tractauri, et vestrum consilium impensuri. Et hoc si∣cut Nos et honorem nostrum diligitis nullatenus omit∣tatis. Teste Rege apud Barwicum super Twede 29 die Decembris.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis; viz. 10 Comiti∣bus, 99 other Barons and Great men: entred on the Roll before the writs to the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, and their lists of names.

[ 10] The 10. is registred in Clause 28 E. 1. m. 2. & 3 dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo, Iohanni de Warrena Comiti Surr: salutem. Cum nuper pro communi utilitate, &c. (as in the writ to the Archbishop, p. 12, 13.) Vobis man∣damus in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini, &c. Teste ut supra.

Consimiles Literae diriguntur Comitibus, Baronibus et Milibus subscriptis, viz. 8 Earls, and 80 others.

[ 11] The 11. is thus filed in Claus. Anno 30. E. 1. m. 7. & 9. dorso.

Rex, Edwardo PrincipWalliae et Comiti Cestriae filio suo carissimo, salutem. Licet vos non lateat qualiter in Parliamento nostro habito London: his diebus extitit ordi∣natum; Page  165 ut ad providendum consultius et salubrius ordinand. &c. (as in the writ to the Archbishop, p. 13.) Ex abun∣danti tamen vobis in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungendo mandamus, quod eidem futuro Parlia∣mento aliis quibuscunque negotiis omissis personaliter inter∣sitis. Teste ut supra.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 9▪ Comiti∣bus, and 88 Lords and Great men.

The 12. is that in Claus. 30 E. 1. m. 12. dorso. [ 12]

Rex Edwardo Principi Walliae, &c. (ut supra) Quia super quibusdam ardnis negotiis nos et vos totumque Regnum nostrum specialiter tangentibus, quae fine vobis et Praelatis ac caeteris Magnatibus dicti Regni nostri nolumus expediri, vobiscum et cum Praelatis et Magnatibus habere volumus colloquium et tractatum. Vobis in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini mandamus firmiter injungentes, quod in Octabis Nativitatis S. Johannis Baptistae prox. futur. ad ultimum apud Westm. modis omnibus personaliter intersitis, Nobiscum et cum Praelatis a Magnatibus supradictis, su∣per dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque Consilium impen∣suri. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. Teste Rege apud Thur∣rock Grey 2. die Iunii.

Consimiles Literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 9▪ Comi∣tibus, and 82 other Lords and Great men.

The 13 is registred in this form; Claus. Ann. 32 E. [ 13] 1. m. 2. dorso.

Rex Edwardo Principi Walliae et Comiti Cestriae, filio suo Karissimo, salutem. Quia pro quibusdam negotiis quae Regnum nostrum Angliae specialiter tangent, necnon stabi∣limentum terrae nostrae Scotiae, et etiam pro aliis diversis negotiis quae disponere proponimus Deo dante, die Martis in quindena Purificationis beatae Mariae Virginis prox. futur. apud Westm. Parliamentum tenere, et vobiscum ac cum caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus ejusdem Regni super ne∣gotiis illis speciale colloquium haber volumus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus, quod ad praedictos diem et locum persona∣liter intersitis Nobiscum et cum caeteris Magnatibus et Pro∣ceribus praedictis super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrum∣que Page  166 consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullatenus omutatis. Teste Rege apud Brustwyk 12 die Novembr.

The like writ issued, Dilecto & fideli suo Henr. de Lacy Comiti Lincoln. &c. ut supra, with Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini: &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem, dictique Regni nostri commodum diligitis (omitted in the writ to the Prince) nullatenus omitta∣tis. Teste ut supra.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 7 Comiti∣bus more, and 92 Barons and Great men.

[ 14] The 14. is inserted into Clause Anno 33 E. 1. m. 8. dorso.*

Rex dilecto & fideli suo Henr. de Lacy Comiti Lin∣coln. salutem. Licet nuper vobis mandaverimus quod essetis apud Westm. ad Parliamentum nostum quod or∣dinavimus tenend. in Octabis Nativitatis beatae Ma∣riae Virginis prox. futur. Nobiscum et cum caeteris de Consilio nostro, super negotiis Nos et statum Regni no∣stri specialiter tangentibus tractaturi. Nihilominus exhabundanti vobis iterato mandavimus in fide et homa∣gio quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod omni excusatione postposita apud Westm. in dictis Oc∣tabis modis omnibus personaliter intersitis tractaturi Nobiscum et cm caeteris de Consilio nostro de nego∣tiis antedictis; Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Boxle 30 die Iulii.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. W. Epis∣copo Winton. Humfredo de Bohun. Com. Heres. & Essex, Gilberto de Roubiry, Magistro Regin, de Bran∣don, Hugoni le Despencer, Johanni de Hastings, Jo∣hanni de Botetourte, Abbati Westm. Willielmo Mar∣tyn, Abbati de Waverle, Magistro Pho. Martyn, Fratri Hugoni de Manicestr. Rogero Brabazon, Radulpho de Hengham.

Dors. 8. in the same Roll the like writs issued to the same persons, and to the Bishops of Wigorn. Coventre and Lichf: with this variation: Licet hactenus vobis mandavimus quod essetis ad Nos apud Westm. ad Par∣liamentum Page  167 nostrum quod in Octab. Nativita. beatae Mariae Virginis prox. futur. tenere volumus Deo dante. Vobis nihlominus iterato mandamus in fide et dilec∣tione quis Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod die dictarum Octab. vel in crastino eorundem ad ulti∣mum aliis omnibus praetermissis intersits. Et hoc nul∣latenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Rothinge 27. die Au∣gusti. Per Breve de Privato Sigillo.

After which follows this single writ, varying some∣what from these two preceeding.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Henrico de Percy salutem. Quia Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. in Octabis Nativitais beatae Mariae Virginis prox. futur. tenere proponimus Deo dante. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus, &c. quod die dictaum Octab. vel in crastino earundem ibidem ad ultimum aliis praetermis∣sis omnibus intersitis Nobiscum, et cum caeteris Mag∣natibus Regni nostri ibidem tunc ventur. sper nego∣tiis Nos et statum ejusdem Regni specialiter tangenti∣bus, tractaturi: Et hoc nullo modo omittatis. T. Re∣ge ut supra.

The 15. is endorsed on Claus. Anno 34 E. 1. m. 2. [ 15] dorso.

Rex Edwardo Principi Walliae, &c. (as before in 13.) Quia super ordinatione et stabilimento terrae nostrae Scotiae, necnon et aliis negotiis Nos et statum Regni nostri specialiter tangentibus apud Karliol. in Octabis S. Hillarii prox, futur. Parliamentum tenee, et vobis∣cum ac cum caeeris Magnatibus de eodem Regno ha∣bere volumus Colloquium et Tractatum. Vobis man∣damus quod omnibus aliis praetermissis ad praedictos di∣em et locum dicto Parliamento personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, ac cum caeteris Magnatibus de dicto Regno, super ordinatione et stabilimento, et negotiis praedic∣tis tractaturi vestrumque Consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullo modo omittatis. T. Rege apud Lauretof 3. die Novemb. Anno Regni si 34.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Henr. de Lacy Comiti Lin∣coln.Page  168autem. Quia, &c. ut supra; Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus Nobis enemini, &c. ut su∣pra.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 10 Co∣mitibus: 86 Lords and Great men, besides Assistants of the Kings Counsil.

[ 16] The 16. I meet with is Clause 35 E. 1. m. 13. dor∣so.*

Rex dilecto et fideli suo, Thomae Comiti Lancastr. Cum nuper vobis mandaverimus, quod in Octabis Sancti Hillari prox. praeterit. essetis apud Parliamen∣tum, Nobiscum super quibusdam arduis negotiis Nos et Statum Regni nostri tangentibus, pro quibus vene∣rabilis Patr Dom. Petrus Sabinen. Episc. Sanctae Roma∣nae Ecclesiae Cardinalis, ad Nos ex parte Domini Sum∣mi Pontiicis est venturus, ut quem ante Octab. praedict. ad Nos venisse credebamus, colloquium habitur. Et i∣dem Cardinalis non erit ad Nos apud Karliol. ante di∣em Dominicam prox. post mediam Quadragesimae, viz. primam Dominicam in Passione Domini quae jam instat. Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod dictis die et loco modis omnibus personaliter intersitis Nobiscum super praemissis habitur. Colloquium et Tractatum, vestrum∣que Consilium impensur. et hoc sub forisfactura omni∣um quae nobis forisfacere poteritis nullatenus omitta∣tis. T. Rege apud Lavercost. 22 die Febr.

Consimiles literae diriguntur subscriptis, viz. 2 Co∣mitibus, and 24 Barons.

[ 17] The 17 writ is thus registred, Claus. Anno 1 E. 2 m. 19 dors.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Hen. de Lacy Com. Lincoln. salutem. Quia super quibusdam arduis negotiis Nos in ista recenti susceptione regiminis Regni nostri, &c. (as here to the Archbishop, p. 14.) Vobiscum et cum caeteris Magnatibus de eodem regno, &c. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus, &c. Nobiscum et cum aliis Magnatibus ejusdem Regni ibidem super dictis nego∣tiis Page  169 tractaturi, vestrum{que} consilium et auxilium impen∣ur. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum ac commo∣dum dicti Regni diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. Re∣ge ut supra. (p. 15.)

Eodem modo scribitur subcriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, and 69 others.

The 18. is in Clause 1 E. 2. m. 11. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Iohanni de Warrena Com. [ 18] Surr. salutem. Quia super diversis arduis negotiis Nos et statum regni nostri tangentibus, vobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, Proceribus, et aliis fide∣libus nostris de eodem Regno Colloquium et tractaum habere et Parliamentum tenere proponimus, Domino concedente. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus &c. quod prima Dominica quadragesimae prox. futur. apud Westm. omnibus aliis praeermissis personaliter in∣tersitis, Nobiscum ibidem et cum caeteris Praelatis ac Magnatibus de regno praedicto super praefatis negotiis tractatur. vestrumque consilium impensur. Et hoc nul∣latenus omittatis. T. ut supra (p. 15.)

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 10 Co∣mitibus, and 46 other Great men.

The 19 is Claus. 1 E. 2. dors. 8. Rex dilecto et fideli [ 19] suo Henr. de Lacy Com. Lincoln. salutem; Quia super diversis, &c. (as p. 15.) Vobis mandamus in fide et ho∣magio, &c. Teste ut supra, p. 15.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 9 Co∣mitibus, and 46 others.

The 20. is in Clause 2 E. 2. m. 20. cedula. Rex di∣lecto [ 20] et fideli suo Gilberto de Clare Com. Glouc. & He∣ref. salutem. Quia &c. ut supra p. 15, 16. Vobis man∣damus in fide et homagio, &c. Nobiscum et cum caete∣ris Magnatibus et Proceribus de regno praedicto, &c. (as p. 15. 16.)

Eodem modo mandatum est, viz. 7. Comitibus, and 57 more.

The 21. is in Claus. 2 E. 2. m. 14. Cedula. Rex di∣lecto [ 21] Nepoti et fideli suo, Gilberto de Clare Com. Glouc.Page  170 et Hertf. Quia, &c. vobiscum et cum aliis Proceribus et Magnatibus▪ &c. Vobis mandamus firmiter injun∣gentes, &c. as p. 16.

Eodem modo mandatum est, viz. 8 Comitibus, and 41 other Lords and Great men.

[ 22] The 22. is entred in Claus. 2 E. 2. m. 1. dors.

Rex dilecto Nepoti et fideli suo Gilberto de Clare Com. Glouc. et Hertf. Quia, &c. vobiscum et cum aliis Proceribus et Magnatibus ejusdem Regni, &c. Vobis in fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter in∣jungendo mandamus, &c. as p. 16.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus; and 81 Great men more.

[ 23] The 23. is that of Claus. 2 E. 2. m. 20. dors.

Rex dilecto Nepoti et fideli suo Gilberto de Clare, &c. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. sitis ad Nos apud Stamford, nobiscum et cum Praelatis et Proceribus praedictis super praemissis tractatum et colloquium habi∣turi, &c. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac¦commodum regni nostri diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. ut supra. p. 17.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, and 70 other Great men.

[ 24] The 24. is the writ of Anno 3 E. 2. m. 17. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Gilberto de Clare, Com. Glouc. et Hertf. salutem; Quantae audaciae, &c. (as p. 17, 18.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. xi. Co∣mitibus, and 84 other Lords and Great me.

[ 25] The 25. is that of 4 E. 2. m. 2. dorso.

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae Com. Lancast. salutem. Qui propter plura, &c. (as p. 18.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra. Per breve de Privato sigillo.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 5. Comitibus and 54 others.

[ 26] The 26. is in Claus. 5 E. 2. m. 17. dorso.

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae Co∣miti Page  171Lancastr. salutem. Quia in ultimo Parliamento, &c. as p. 18, 19. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. quod praedicto die Veneris sitis apd Westm. in propria persona vestra, Nobiscum, et cum caeteris Prae∣latis, Proceribus et fidelibus nostris supradictis, super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque consilium impen∣suri: et hoc sicut de vobis conidimus nullatenus omit∣tatis. T. ut supra.

Consimiles literae diriguntur Comitibus et Baroni∣bus subscriptis, viz. 7. Comitibus, & 60 other Grandees.

The 27. is the writ in Claus. 5 E. 2. m. 11. (or 13.) [ 27] dorso.

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae Comi∣ti Lancastr. salutem. Quia propter plura et ardua ne∣goti Nos et Statum regni nostri tangentia die Domi∣nica prox. post sesum beatae Mariae Magdalenae prox. futur. ordinavimus Deo propitio apud Lincoln. Parlia∣mentum tenere, et vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis et Proctribus de dicto Regno nostro super dictis nego∣tiis habere Colloquium et Tractatum. Vobis manda∣mus in fide et homagio, &c. ibidem, nobiscum et cum Praelatis et Proceribus supradictis super dictis negotiis tractaturi vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Ebor.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, 42 others: and 16 more, over against whose names is written in the margin Cleriis Consilii; and 16 others stiled Iusticiar' in the margin.

The 28. is that of Claus. 6 E. 2. m. 31. dorso. Rex [ 28] dilecto et fideli suo Thomae de Brotherton Comiti Norff. salutem: Quia tertia Dominica, &c. (as p. 19.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. quod omnibus aliis praetermissis sitis ad Nos in proptia persona vestra ad di∣em et locum praedictos, Nobiscum, &c. T. ut supra.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 9 Comitibus, and 88. other Lords and Great men.

The 29. is the writ in Clause 6 E. 2. m. 3. dorso. [ 29]

Rex dilecto sibi Thomae de Brotherton Comiti Norff.Page  172 salutem. Licet ad requisitionem, &c. (as p. 20, 21.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut su∣pra.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 9 Comitibus and 88 others.

[ 30] The 30. is that of Claus. 7 E. 2. m. 27. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thomae de Brotherton Comi∣ti Norff. salutem. Cum diversa, &c. (as p. 21,) Vo∣biscum et cum Praelatis, et caeteris Magatibus, &c. Vobis man damus in fide et homagio, &c. Teste ut su∣pra.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 9 Co∣mitibus, and 99 other Lords and Great men.

[ 31] The 31. is that in Claus. 7 E. 2. m. 15. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thomae de Brotherton, &c. (as p. 21, 22.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 9 Co∣mitibus, and 88 others.

[ 32] The 32. is Claus. 8 E. 2. m. 35 dorso.

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae Com. Lancastr. saluem. Quia super, &c. as p. 22. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 8 Comi∣tibus, and 93 others, besides 8 Judges and Assistants intermixed with them.

[ 33] The 33. is Claus. Ann. 8 E. 2. m. 29. dorso.

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae Co∣miti Lancastr. salutem. Quia, &c. Vobis mandams in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra, p. 22. & 23.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 8 Co∣mitibus, and 85 more, besides Officers, Judges, Assistants, joyned together with them without distinction.

[ 34] The 34. is Claus. 9 E. 2. m. 22 dorso.

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae Com. Lanc. &c. T. ut supra. p. 22.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 7 Co∣mitibus, 83. Greatmen, and 34. others, with a lines di∣stance Page  173 only between their names, summoned ormerly as the Kings Counsil, and as assistants.

The 35. is Claus. 11 E. 2. d. 14. [ 35]

Rex, &c. Th. Com. Lancastr. &c. (as here, p. 97,)

Eodem modo scribitur 17, Comitibus, and 118 o∣thers, with those of the Kings Counsil intermixed with the Lords and Barons.

The 36. is Claus. 12 E. 2. m. 29. in cedula penden∣te. [ 36]

Rex dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Thomae, Com. Lanc. &c. (as in 33.) Teste ut supra p. 23.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, 79 Great men, and 24 more with a lines space▪ be∣tween them usually summoned as Assistants, and the Kings Counsil.

The 37. is Claus. 12 E. 2. m. 11. dorso. [ 37]

Rex dilecto consanguineo. &c. Thomae Com. Lancast. (as 33.) T. ut supra. p. 23.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, 79 Great men, and 25 more with a lines distance, for∣merly summoned as the Kings Counsil.

The 38. is in Claus. 13 E. 2. m. 13. dorso. [ 38]

Rex dilecto Consanguineo▪ &c. Thomae, Com. Lanc. &c. (as 33.) T. ut supra, p. 23.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis▪ viz. 8 Comi••bus, 72 more, and 25 of the Counsil, with a lines space from the former.

The 39. is in Claus. 14 E. 2. m 23. dorso. [ 39]

Rex Edwardo Comiti Cestriae filio nostro carissimo, salutem. Quia super diversis et ardis negoiis, &c. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio quibus Nobis te∣nemini, &c. T. ut supra, p. 23.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 9 Comitibus, 74 others, and 32 more of the Kings Counsil, with a lines distance from the former.

The 40. is Claus. 14 E. 2. m. 5. dorso. [ 40]

Rex dilecto Consanguineo e fideli suo Thomae Com. Lancastr. salutem. Vobis mandamus in fide et homa∣gio, Page  174 &c. T. ut supra, p. 23. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, and 88 others, besides Assistants of the Counsil.

[ 41] The 41. is Claus. 15 E. 2. m. 16. dorso.

Rex Edwardo Comiti Cestriae filio suo carissimo, salu∣tem. Quia super diversis, &c. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra, p. 23. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 8 Co∣mitibus, and 72 others besides the Counsil.

[ 42] The 42. is Claus. 16 E. 2. m. 26. dorso.

Rex Edwardo Comiti Cestriae, &c. (just as in 40.) T. ut supra, p. 24. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 9 Comitibus▪ and 52 other Lords and Great men.

[ 43] The 43. is in Claus. 18 E. 2. m. 34. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Edwardo Comiti Cestriae filio suo carissimo, salutem.* Quia super diversis arduis ne∣gotiis Nos et statum Regni, ac terrarum nostrorum Sub∣ditorum et populorum eorundem specialiter tangenti∣bus, vobiscum ac cum caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti Regni apud Sarum, à die Sancti Michaelis prox. futur. in tres Septimanas colloquium habere volumus et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod om∣nibus aliis praetermissis dictis die et loco person liter intersitis Nobiscum, et cum caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus praedictis super praemissis tractatur. vestrum∣que consilium impensur. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, et Regni et terrarum praedictarum diligitis nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Porcestr 13 die Septembris. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. 8 Comitibus, 48 others. The 2. Archbishops, and 2 Bishops more, with &c. follow them, and 2 only de consilio.

[ 44] The 44. is the writ in Claus. 18 E. 2. m. 21. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thomae Comiti Norff. et Mariscalo Angliae frari suo carissimo, salutem.* Quia ad partes Ducatus nostri Aquitaniae, de quo Rex FranciaePage  175 malitiose nos exhaereditare proponit, in succurs ejus∣dem Ducatus nostri passagium nostrum ordinavimus Domino disponente, et vobiscum ac cum Praelatis, et caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus regni nostri super passagio nostro praedicto, et aliis arduis negotiis Nos et staum Regni nostri et Ducatus praedicti tangentibus, habere volumus colloquium et tractatum. Vobis man∣damus firmiter injungentes, quod omnibus aliis praeter∣missis sitis ad nos apud Winton. secunda Dominica Qua∣dragesimae prox. futur. Nobiscum et cum Praelatis, et caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus regni nostri super praemissis tractaturi, vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem ac commodum dicti regni nostri diligitis nullo modo omittatis. T. Rege apud Notingh. 30 die Decembr. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo scribitur subscriptis, viz. Edwardo Co∣miti Cestriae filio Regis, 7 Earls more, and 50. o∣thers: After which follows a short recital of this writ to the Archbishop of Yorke, and Eodem odo to Canter∣bury, and the other Bishops.

[ 45] The 45. is that of Claus. 18 E. 2. m. 5. dorso.*

Rex dilecto & fideli suo Edwardi Comiti Cestriae fili suo catissimo, salutem. Quia pro quibusdam arduis ne∣gotiis nos et statum regni nostri, ac Ducatum nostrum praedictum (Aquitaniae) speciliter coningentibus, Par∣liamentum nostrum apud Westm. in craino Natviatis Sancti Iohannis Baptistae prox. futur▪ tenere, et Vobis∣cum ac cum Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni super negotiis praedictis colloquium habere volu∣mus et tractaum. Vobis mandamus in fide et homa∣gio quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter inungentes, quod omnibus aliis praetermissis ad dictos diem et locum in Parliamento praedicto personaliter inters••is; Nobiscum ac cum Praelatis, Magnaibus et Proceribus praedictis, super dictis negotiis tracar••i vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullo modo omittatis. T. Rege apud Winton. 6 die Maii. Per ipsum Regem.

Eodem modo mandatm est subscriptis, viz. 4 Co∣mitius, Page  176 39 others: after which followes a brief reci∣tal of the writ to the Archbishops, Bishops, &c.

[ 46] The 46. is in Claus. 19 E. 2. m. 27. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thomae Comiti Norff. et Marescallo Angl. fratri suo catissimo salutem. Qia super &c. T. ut supra, p. 25.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 3 Co∣mitibus, and 39 Great men more.

[ 47] The 47. is Claus. 20 E. 2. dorso 4.

Rex, &c. Th. Com: Norff. et Marescallo Angl. &c. Licet nuper, &c.

Eodem modo mandatum est Magnatibus subscriptis, viz. 6 Comitibus, and 46 others▪

[ 48] The 48 is the writ i Claus. 1 E. 3. parte 2. m. 16. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo, Thomae Comiti Norff: Ma∣rescallo Angl. salutem. Qualiter Scoti, &c. (as p. 25.) Vobis mandamus in ide et homagio, &c. dictis die et loco personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, si interesse possumus, seu interveniente impedimento deputandis a Nois super deensione ac custodia, ac aliis negotiis su∣pradi••is tractatur. vesirumque cons••ium impensur. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. ut supra, p. 26.

Eodem modo mandatum est Edmundo Comiti Kan. Avunculo Regis, and 5. Comitibus besides, 47 other Lords and Great men.

[ 49] The 49 is Claus. 1 E 3. pars 2. m. 3. dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thomae Com. Norff. &c. Cum super reformatione pacis, &c. (as p. 26, 27.) Vo∣bis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. T. ut supra.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 4 Comi∣tibus, and 49 more.

[ 50] The 50. is in Claus. 2 E. 3. m. 31 dorso.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thomae Com. Norff. et Ma∣rescallo Angliae Avunculo suo carissimo falutem. Cum Parliamentum nostrum nuper apud Eborum, &c. (as p. 27.) Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. quod omni excusatione postposita dictis die et loco persona∣liter Page  177 intersitis Nobiscum, et cum Praelatis, Magnatibus &c. Scientes pro certo quod aliquem Procuratorem pro Vobis, seu pro aliquo Praelato vel Magnati ad prae∣sens propter arduitatem negotiorum praedictorum, ad∣mitere non intendimus quoquo modo. Et quia ante haec tempora negotia in hujusmodi Parliamentis trac∣tanda impedita fuerunt,* eo quod nonnulli Magnates cum multitudine tumulcuosa hominum armatorum ad Parliamenta illa accesserunt, et populus partium ubi Parliamenta illa tenta fuerunt dampnificatus existit et graatus; per quod per Nos et Consilium nostrum con∣cordatum existit, quod omnes et singuli de regno nostro cujuscunque status seu conditionis fuerint, qui ad dic∣tum Parliamenū venire voluerint, modo debio, et abs∣que aliqua multitudine, sub orisfactura omnium quae Nobis forisacere poterint, accedant. Ita quod per ip∣sorum adventum indebitum negotia nostra non retar∣dentur, seu patria in aliqua parte oneretur indbite quo∣vis modo. Vobis mandamus firmiter injungentes sub forisfactura praedicta, quod ad Parliamentum praedictum cum decenti comitiva de hominibus bonae discretionis et consilii, ET NON CUM HOMINIBUS AD AR∣MA ACCEDATIS, in forma praedicta. Et hoc nulla∣tenus omittatis. T. ut supra. p. 28.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. 6 Co∣mitibus, and 49 other Lords and Great men.

In the Clause Rolls following (throughout the [ 51] reign of King Edward the 3.) the writs directed to the Temporal Lords are the same (mutatis mutandis) with those issued to the Archbishops and Bishops forecited Sect. 1. wherefore I shall present you with this Brevi∣ate of them, entred after the writs to the Bishops. The 1. writ til the later end of 11 E. 3. is thus directed Claus. 2 E. 3. dors. 23. Rex, &c. dilecto et fideli suo Thomae Comiti Norff: et Marescallo Angliae, &c. Vobis mandamus in fide et homagio, &c. Eodem modo man∣datum est to 6 Earls more, and 50 others, Claus. 2 E. 2. m. 15. dors. to 6 Earls more, and 48 others: Claus. Page  178 3 E. 3. m. 19. dorso, 8 Earls more, and 59 others, Ba∣rons, Lords, Judges and Assistants mixed together, (whereof the Dean of Lincoln, the Archdeacons of Rich∣mond and Northampton are three) Claus. 4 E. 3. m. 41. dorso, 10 Earls more, and 50 others, Claus. 4 E. 3. dors. 32. 8 Earls more, and 53. others, whereof 5. are Judges and Assistants, Claus. 4 E. 3. m. 23. 8 Earls more, and 45 others, Claus. 4 E. 3. m. 13. dors. 8 Earls more, and 47 others, Claus. 5 E. 3. dors. 25. 9 Earls more, and 48 others, Claus. 5 E. 3. m. 7. dorso 9 Earls more, and 47 others, Cl. 5 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 7. 9 Earls more, and 46 others (whereof some were Judges) Cl. 6 E. 3. m. 36. d. 11 Earls more, and 66 others, Cl. 6 E. 3. m. 19. dors. 10 Earls more, and 66 others, Cl. 6 E. 3. m. 9. dors. 10 Earls more, and 65 others, Cl. 7 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 3. 12 Earls more, and 62 others, Cl. 8 E. 3. m. 18. dors. 11 Earls more, and 60 others, Cl. 9 E. 3. dors. 28. 10 Earls more, and 60 others, Cl. 9 E. 3. dors. 8. 10 Earls more, and 61 other, Cl. 10 E. 3. dors. 5. 9 Earls more, and 47 others, Cl. 11 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 15. 8 Earls more, and 23 others: And dors. 8. 10 Earls more, and 39 others: where the writ Iohanni de Sutton de Holdernesse (vac. quia non fuit summonitus.)

[ 52] The first writs after those to the Archbishops and Bishops, in these ensuing Rolls issued Dilecto t fideli suo Henr. Comiti Lanc. &c. being the same (mutatis mu∣tandis) with those to the Bishops forecited, Claus. 11 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 4. Eodem modo, &c. to 12 Earls more, and 33 others: And dors. 11. 8 Earls more, and 37 o∣thers: Claus. 12 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 32. 11 Earls more, (a vacat being entred against Humfrido de Bohun Co∣miti Hereford.) and 45 others, Cl. 13 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 28. 9 Earls more, and 44 others, Claus. 13 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 1. 10 Earls more, and 45 others, Claus. 14 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 33. 12 Earls more, and 44 others. Dors. 23. 7 Earls more, and 44 others, Cl. 15 E. 3 pars 1. d. 37. 7 Earls more, and 45 others.

[ 53] In Claus. 16 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 39. the first writ to Page  179 the Temporal Lords entred in the roll issued, Dilecto & fideli suo Laurentio de Hastings Com. Pembroch. &c. Eodem modo, &c. to 9 Earls more, and 94 others, Claus. 16 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 22. (and so following) the first writ to the Nobility issued Henr. Com. Lancastr. 2 Earls more, and 20 others. Dors. 13. 4 Earls more, and 17. o∣thers. Claus. 17 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 25. 11 Earls more, and 40 others. Cl. 18 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 14. 13 Earls more, and 40 others, Claus. 20 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 22. (Iohanni de Warenna Com. Surr.) 4 Earls more, and 12. others. Dors. 28. to him and 7 Earls more, and 9 o∣thers. Dors. 9. Henr. Com. Lancastr. 10 Earls more, and 30 others, Cl. 22 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 32. 10 Earls more, and 30 others, Claus. 22 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 7. 9 Earls more, and 56 others, Claus. 24 E. 3. pars 2. d. . Henr. Comiti Lancastr. Edwardo Principi Walliae, Duci Cornubiae, et Comiti Cestriae, 10 Earls more, and 50 others, whereof the 16 last are Assistants, and 4 of them stiled the Kings Serjeants. The writ Claus. 25. pars 1. dors. 5. is Rex dilecto et fideli suo Edwardo Principi Walliae, Duci Cornubiae & Comiti Cestriae, &c. Vobis in fide et li∣geantia quibus Nobis tenemini, &c. Eodem modo, &c Henrico Duci Lancastr. 11 Earls, 52 others, Claus. 26. E. 3. dors. 14. Edwardo Principi Walliae, &c. Henrico Duci Lanc. 11 Earls, 24 others, Cl. 27. E. 3. d. 32. to them, 11 Earls more, & 43 other Great men, Cl. 28 E. 3. dors. 26, Edwardo Principi Walliae, &c. Henrico Duci Lancast. 11 Earls. 48 others, Claus. 29 E. 3. dors. 8. Henrico Duci Lancast. 7 Earls, and 41 others, Claus. 31 E. 3. dors. 21. Dilecto Consanguineo et fideli suo Humfrido de Bohun. Com: Hereford. Vobis mandamus in fide et ligean∣tia, &c. 6 Earls more, and 38 others, Claus. 31 E. 3. dors. 2. Edwardo Principi Walliae filio suo carissimo, &c. in fide et ligeantia, &c, Consimilia Brevia Henrico Duci Lancastr. 11 Comitibus, and 50 others Claus. 32 E. 3. dors. 14. Dilecto & fideli suo, Thomae de Bello Campo Comiti Warr. in fide et homagio, 6 Earls more, and 101 others. Cl. 33 〈◊〉. d. 7. Ricardo Comiti Arundel, 3 Earls more, and 19 others; Claus. 34 E. 3. d. 35. Hum∣frido Page  180 de Bohun Com. Hertf. et Essex, 3 Earls more, and 20 others. Dors. 4. Edwardo Principi Walliae, ilio suo ca∣rissimo, in fide et ligeantia: Henrico Duci Lancast. 11 Earls more (Leonel Com. Uton, the Kings Son, not an Irish Lord, being one of them) and 48 others, Claus. 36 E. 3. dors. 16. Carissimo filio suo Johan. Com: Lan∣castr. in fide et homagio, &c. 8 Earls more, and 29 others, Claus. 37 E. 3. d. 22. Carissimo Filio suo Johanni &c. as next before, 9 Earls more, and 40 others; Claus. 38 E. 3. dors. 3. Caissimo filio suo Johanni, &c. 5 Earls more, and 41 others, Claus. 39 E. 3. d. 2. Carissimo filio suo Johanni, &c. 10 Earls more, and 41 others. In Claus. 42 E. 3. d. 22. the first writ to the Temporal Lords issued Carissimo Primogenito filio suo Edwardo Principi Aquitaniae & Walliae: Vobis in fide et homagio, &c▪ Con∣similia Bevia Johanni Duci Lancastriae, 10 Comitibus, and 41 others, Claus. 43 E. 3. dors. 24. Carissimo filio suo Johanni Duci Lancast. in fide et homagio, &c. 10 Co∣mitibus, and 35 others, Claus. 44 E. 3. dors. . Carissi∣mo Primogenito nostro Edwardo Principi Aquitaniae et Walliae, in fide et ligeantia, 11 Comitibus, and 49 o∣thers, Claus. 46 E. 3. dors. 11. Dilecto et fideli suo Ri∣cardo Com: Arundel in fide et ligeantia, 1 Earl more, and 18 others, But in the writs of Prorogation and Resum∣mons, dors. 9, 10. writs issued to Edward Prince of Wales, Iohanni Regi Castellae et Legionis, Duci Lancastr. 7 Earls more, & 18 others besides those in the first sum∣mons, Claus. 47 E. 3. dors. 13. Ricardo Com. Aundell in fide at ligeantia, 5 Earls more, and 33 others, Claus. 49 E. 3. dors. 6. Carissimo filio suo Iohanni Regi Ca∣stellae & Legionis, Duci Lancastr: in fide & ligeantia, 9 Earls, and 38 others, after which follows a writ to the Prince of Wales, Claus. 50 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 6. Carissi∣mo filio suo (stiled his Son, though in truth his Grand∣child only, not Son) Ricardo Principi Walliae, Duci Cornub. et Comiti Cestriae in fide et ligeantia. Consimilia Brevia, Johannni Regi Castellae & Legionis, Duci Lan∣castr. 10 Comitibus, and 35 others: whereof Micha∣eli Page  181 de la Pole, (Admirallo Flte Navium versus partes Briales) is one.

All the Writs of Summons to Parliament issued to the Temporal Lords under King Richard the 2. have the self∣same [ 53] Prologues, recitals, dates with those to the Archbi∣shops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors in the precedent Section, being entred next after them, of which I shall give you this brief Epitome. In Claus. R. 2. dors. 37. the first writs to the Temporal Lords issued Carissimo Avuncu∣l suo Iohanni Regi Castellae et Legionis, Duci Lanca∣striae, &c▪ Consimiles Literae to 12 Earls, 47 Lords, Ba∣rons and Great men, Cl. 2 R. 2. dors. 3. 29. The first writs issued to him, and Consim. Literae to 14 Earls, 48 Lords, Barons, and Great men, Cl. 3 R. 2. d. 32. the first writ was directed to him, Consim. lit: to 13 Earls, 47 Lords and Great men, Cl. 4 R. 2. d. 32. the first writ is to him, Cons. Lit. to 〈◊〉 Earls, 44 Lords and Great men, Cl. 5 R. 2. d. 32. 40. the first writs issued to him, Cons. Lit. to 10 Earls, 47 Lords and Great men, Cl. 6 R. 2. d. 37. the first writ issued to him, Cons. Lit. to 9 Earls, and 45 Lords and Great men, Cl. 7 R. 2. d. 37. the first writ is directed to him, Cons. Lit. to 11 Earls, 48 Lords and Great men, Cl. 7 R. 2. d. 10. the first writ is to him, Cons. Lit. to 11 Earls, and 48 Lords and Gran∣dees, Cl. 8 R. 2. d. 35. is to him, Cons. Lit. to 11 Earls, and 50 Lords and Great men, Cl. 9 R. 2. d. 45. is to him, Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 11 Earls, and 46 Lords and Great men, Cl. 10 R. 2. d. 42. the first writ issued Carissimo A∣vunculo suo Edwardo Duci Ebor▪ &c. Cons. Lit. to 1 Duke, 1 Marquess, 9 Earls, 44 Lords and Great men, Cl. 11 R. 2. d. 24. the first writ is to this Duke, Consim. Lit. to 2 Dukes 8 Earls, 47 Lords and Great men, Cl. 〈◊〉 R. 2. d. 13. to him, Cons. Lit. to Duke, 8 Earls, 34 Lords and Great men, Cl. 12 R. 2. d. 42. to him, Cons. Lit. to 1 Duke, 9 Earls, 42 Lords and Great men, Cl. 13 R. 2. d. 5. the first writ entred is Iohanni Duce Lan∣castr. Cons. Lit. to a Dukes, 9 Earls, 46 Lords and Gran∣dees, Claus. 14 R. 2. d. 42. the first writ is to the same Page  182 Duke, Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 10 Earls, 4 Lords and Great men; Cl. 15 R. 2. d. 37. the first writ entred is, Iohanni Duci Aquitaniae et Lancastriae, &c. Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 10 Earls, 41 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 16 R. 2. d. 23. the writ is to him, Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 10 Earls, 42 Lords and Great men, Cl. 17 R. 2. d. 30. to him, Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 11 Earls, 40 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 18 R. 2 d. 23. the first writ entred is Hen. Com. Darbi, Cons. Lit. to 6 Earls, 29 Lords and Great men, Cl. 20 R. 2. pars 1. dors. 15. the first writ issued Carissimo Avunculo suo Iohanni Duci Aquitaniae & Lancastriae, Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 11 Earls, 38 Lords and Great men, Cl. 21 R. 2. parte 1. d. 27. the writ en∣tred is to him, Conim. Lit. to 3 Dukes, 1 Marquess, 6 Earls, 33 Lords and Great men, Cl. 23 R. 2. dors. 3. the writ entred issued Henrico Duci Lancast. &c. Cons. Lit. to 4 Dukes, one Marquess, 10 Earls, 34 Lords and Great men.

[ 55] The writs of Summons to the Temporal Lords all the reign of Henry the 4th. are entred next after those to the Spiritual Lords, having the same recitals and dates, with them forecited in the 1. Section: Of which take this ensuing short account. Cl. . H. 4. dorso 37. the writ entred issued, Henrico Duci Lancastriae, Cons. Lit. to 4 Dukes, 1 Marquess, 10 Earls, 34 Lords and Nobles, Cl. 1 H. 4. d. & Claus. 2 H. 4. parte 1. d. 3. the first writ entred is, Carissimo filio suo Henric Principi Walliae, et Duci Cornubiae, &c. 1 Duke, 10 Earls, 35 Lords and Great men Cl. 3 H. 4 d. 17. the like writ to the Prince of Wales, 1 Duke, 8 Earls, 32 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 5 H. 4. part 1. d. 28. & parte 2. d. 4. the first writ issued to the same Prnce, Cons. Lit. to 1. Duke, 7 Earls, 3 Lords and Great men, Cl. 7 H. 4. d. 30. t the Prince, 1 Duke, 7 Earls, 33 Lords, Barons and Great men, Cl. 8 H. 4. d. 2. the like writ to the Prince, 1 Duke, 8 Earls, 33 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 9. & 11 H. 4. d. 32. the writ entred issued to the Prince of Wales, Cons. Lit. to 1 Duke 8 Eals, 32 Lords and Page  183 Great men, Cl. 13. H. 4. d. 2. the writ is to the Prince of Wals. 1 Duke, 6 Earls, 32 Lords and Great Persons, Cl. 14 H. 4. dors. 22. the writ issued to Henry Prince of Wales, 5 Earls, 35 Lords and Great men.

The writs of Summns under King Henry the 5th to [ 56] the Temporal Lords, have the self-ame recitals, Pro∣logues, dates, with those to the Archbishops, and other Prelates forecited Section 1. The first writ entred Cl. 1 H. 5. dorse 9. issued, Carissimo fratri Regis Thomae Du∣ci Clarentiae, Cons. Lit. to 1 Duke, 9 Earls, 29 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 1 H. 5. d. 37. the writ entred issued, Ed¦ward Courteney Com. Devon. 6 Earls, 32 Lords and No∣bles, Cl. 2 H. 5. d. 16. the writ recorded at large is di∣rected, Thomae Duci Clarentiae & Com. Albemarliae, Cons. Lit. to 3 Dukes, 11 Earls, 28 Lords and Great men, Cl. 3 H 5. d. 15. the first writ entred issued Ra∣dulpho Com. Westmerland, 1 Earl, 17 Lords and Great men, Cl. 4 H. 5. d. 16. the writ recorded is directed Carissimo fratri suo Thomae Duci Clarentiae, &c. Cons. Lit. to 2 Dukes, 10 Earls, 24 Lords and Great men, Cl. 5 H. 5. d. 11. the writ registred is directed Caris∣simo Avunculo suo Thomae Duci Exon. Cons. Lit. to 3. Earls, 14 Lords and Great men, 7 H. 5. d. 9. the writ recorded is Carissimo Avunoulo suo Henrico Percy Com. Northumb. Cons. Lit. to 2 Earls, 13 Lords and Great men, Cl. 8. H. 5. d. 2. the writ entred issued Carissi∣mo fratri suo Johanni Duci Bedford, &c. Cons. Lit. to 1 Duke 6 Earls, 20 Lords and Great men, Cl. 9 H. 5. d. 13. the writ registred issued, Carissimo Consanguine suo Henrico de Percy Com. Northumb▪ 2 Earls, and but 13 Lords and Great men.

All the writs to the temporal Lords during the reign [ 57] of Henry the 6. are the same in the Prefaces and dates with those to the Bishops and Spiritual Lords, and en∣tred after them, being thus directed Cl. 1 H. 6. dors. 22. Carissimo Avunoulo suo Humfrido Duci Glouce∣striae, Cons. lit. to 1 Duke, 5 Earls, 16 Lords and Great men, Cl. 2 H. 6. d. 18. Humfrido Duci Gloucestr. 1 Page  184 1 Duke, 5 Earls, 15 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 3 H 6. d. 9. Carissimo Avuncul suo Thomae Duci Exon. 1 Duke, 6 Earls, 22 Lord and Grandees, Cl. 4 H. 6. d. 15. Carissimo Avunculo suo Johani Duci Bedfordiae to 3 Dukes more, 2 Elarls, 23 Lords and Great men, Cl. 5 H. 6. d. 4. Carissimo A••nculo su Humfrido Duci Gloucestriae, 1 Duke more, 4 Earls, 22 Lords and Great men, Cl. 7 H. 6. d. 2 Humfrido Duci Gloucestr. 1 Duke besides, 7 Earls, 26 Lords and Grandees, Cl. 9 H. 6. 18. Humfrido Duci Gloucestr. 5 Earls, 21 Lords and Great men, Cl. 10 H. 6. d. 10. Humfrido Duci Glou∣cestriae, 1 Duke, 6 Earls, 25 Lords ad Grandees, Cl, 11 H. 6. d. 10. Johanni Duci Bedfordiae, 2 Dukes more, 6 Earls, 26 Lords and Great men, Cl. 13 H. 6. d. 2. Caris, Avunculo suo Johanni Duci Bedfordiae, 2 other Dukes, 8 Earls, 26 Lords and Great men, Cl. 15 H. 6. d. 18. Humfrido Duci Gloucestriae, 1 Duke more, 7 Earls, 27 Lords and Great men, Cl. 18 H. 6. d. 33. Humfrido Duci Gloucestriae, 2 other Dukes, 6 Earls, 26 Lords and Great men, Cl. 20 H. 6. d. 27. Humfrido Duci Gloucestriae, 2 Dukes more, 11 Earls, 28 Lords and Great men, Cl. 23 H. 6. d. 2 Humfrido Duci Glou∣cestriae, 4 Dukes besides, 2 Marquesses, 7 Earles, 1 Vi∣count, 30 Lords and Noblemen, Cl. 25 H. 6. d. 24. & 26. Humfrido Duci Gloucestriae, 4 other Dukes, 2 Marquesses, 7 Earls, Vicount, 32 Lords and Great men, Cl. 27 H. 6. d. 24. Ricardo Duci Ebor. 3 other Dukes, 6 Earls, 1 Vicount, 39 Lords and Great men, Cl. 28 H. 6. d. 26. Willielmo Duci Suffolciae, 3 Dukes more, 7 Earles, 1 Vicount, 35 Lords and Great men; Cl. 29 H. 6. dors. 41. Ricardo Duci Eborum, 4 Dukes more, 9 Earls, 1 Vicount, 40 Lords and Great men, Cl. 31 H. 6. d. 36. Edwardo Duci Eborum, 4 Dukes besides, 12 Earls, 3 Vicounts, 36 Lords and Great men, Cl. 33 H. 6. d. 36. Ricardo Duci Eborum, 3 Dukes more, 11 Earls, 2 Vicounts, 35 Lord and Great men, Cl. 38 H. 6. d. 30. Henrico Duci Exoniae, 2 other Dukes, 9 Earls, 2 Vicounts, 35 Lords and Great men, Cl. 49 H. 6. d. 6. Page  185Carissimo consanguineo suo Georgio Duci Clareniae, 3 Dukes more, 7 Earls, 1 Marquess, 23 Lords and Great men.

The writs of Summons to Parliament issued by King [ 57] Edward the 4th to the Temporal Lords, agree in Pro∣logues, forms, and dates, (except in the Praemunientes, &c. with those to the Archbishops and Spiriual Lords in the 1. Section, and are thus directed, Cl. 1 E. 4. d. 35. Johanni Duci Norfolciae 4 Earl, 1 Vicount, 31 Lords and Great men Cl. 2 E. 4. d. 3. Dilcto & fi∣deli suo Ricardo Comii▪ Wrwici, 4 Ear, 37 Lords and Great men, C. 6. E. 4. d. 1. Carssimo Fratri suo Geo∣gio Duci Clareniae, 2 Dukes more, 10 Earls, 1 Mar∣quess, 36 Lords and Great men, Cl. 9 E. 4. d. 3. Ca∣rissimo, fratri suo Georgio Duci Clarentiae, 9 other Dukes 8 Earls, 23 Lords and Great men, Cl. 11 E. 4. d. 41 Carssimo fratri suo Georgio Duci Clarentiae, 3 Dukes more, 8 Earls, 25 Lords and Great men, Cl. 22 & 23 E. 4. d. 10. Carissimo suo filio Primogenitod∣wardo Principi Walliae, 4 Dkes more, 1 Marquee, 7 Earls, 32 Lords.

Having presented you with this Breviate of all the generall writs of Summons to Parliaments and Great Councils issued to the Temporal Lords from 49 H. 3. to 23 E. 4. I shall now give you a view of some extra∣ordinary special writs to some Temporal Lords and o∣thers, reducible to, and proper for this Section.

I shall begin within this Memorable writ to Roger de [ 58] Mortymer, Claus: 9 E 2▪ m. 20 dorso*

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Rogero de Mortuo-Mare de Wygmore, salutem; Cum vos tempore quo Parliamen∣tum nostrum usque Lincoln: in Quindna Sancti Hil∣larie prox futur: summoneri fecimus in partibus Hiber∣niae fuissetis, per quod Nos vobis non 〈◊〉 simus ad in∣teressendum dicto Parliamento; ac vos a dictis paribus Hiberniae usque regnum nostrum jam, ut accepimus, ac∣cessistis; ideo vobis mandamus in fide et homagio qui∣bus nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod si ad Page  186 dictas partes Hibeniae citra▪ dictum Parliamentum non essetis regressuri, tunc eidem Parliamento nostro dictis die et loco modis omnibus personaliter intersiti, super negotiis Nos et statum Regni nostri rangntibus, pro quibus Parliamentum nostrum mandavimus convoari, Nobiscum et cum Magnatibus et Proceribus regni nostri tractaturi, vestrumque consilium impensuri. Et hoc nullo modo omittatis. T. Rege apud Clipston 17 die Januarii.

This Roger de Mortymer (a Baron of this Realm, as is evident by former Summons to him) being absent in Ireland when the writs of Summons to this Parliament first issued, was thereupon left out of the original writs and Lists of Summons; but the King being informed that he was returned into England, thereupon sent this special writ of Summons to him bearing date the 17 of Ianuary, (full 3. moneths after the first writs of Sum∣mons dated the 16 of October before) entred in another dorse apart from the other writs: His absence in Ire∣land, yea and return thither, about the publike affairs after this writ issued, before this Parliament sat, in the Kings and his Counsils opinions, being a sufficient ground to excuse his absence from Parliament, and to send no writ of Summons to him into Ireland. And if English Peers absence or residence in Ireland, be a just, legal ground to exempt them from summons to a Parlia∣ment held in England, much more then must Irish Peers and Lords, who are no Lords or Barons at all in Eng∣land, be totally exempted from all writs of Summons to the Parliaments of England, both in respect of their re∣moteness from England, of the great charge and dan∣ger in crossing the Seas to repair to them, and because they are obliged neither by their tenures, nor Patents, to resort to any English Parliaments, but only to the Parliaments held in Ireland, where only they are Peers and Lords of Parliament, and because they cannot at∣tend in two places at once, if a Parliament should be summoned in England and Ireland on or near the self∣same Page  187 time: Of which more hereafter in its proper place.

The next writ of this kinde I shall communicate to you, is this I meet with Claus. Ann. 35 E. 3. m. 36. dorso.* [ 59]

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Humfrido d Bohun Comiti Northampton: salutem. Qia terra nostra Hiberniae per molestationes a diu Hibernicorum inimicorum nostro∣rum (et) incursus propter impotentiam fideliū nostrorū habitantium in eodem regno, et pro eo quod Magna∣tes et alii de regno nostro Angliae terras in ea habentes, commodum dictarum terrarum suarum ab eadem terra capiunt, et defensionem aliquam non faciunt, jam tan∣tae vasticatis et destructionis miseriae subjicicur, quod nisi Deus averta, et celerius succurratur eidem ad to∣talem perditionem in prox. deducetur; per quod pro salvatione ejusdem ordinavimus, quod Leonellus Comes Vlton. filius noster carissimus, cum ingenti exercitu ad terram praedictam cum omni festinatione transmittaur, et quod omnes Magnates et alii de dicto regno nostro, terras in dicta terra Hiborniae habentes, qunto poten∣tius poterunt, in Comitiva dicti filii nostri proficiscen∣tur, vel si debiles in corpore existant 〈◊〉 alios suf∣ficientes ibidem mittant pro repulsion •••••orum ini∣micorum, et salvatione et defensione terrarum suarum et succursu terrae supradictae; Et pro dicto negotio ac∣celerando, volumus vobiscum, et cum aliis de eodem regno terras in dicta terra habentibus Colloquium ha∣bere et tractatum. Vobis in fide et ligeantia quibus No∣bis renemini firmiter injungentes mandamus, quod om∣nibus aliis intermissis, sitis personaliter apud West. in Quindena Pasch. prox. futur▪ adloquendum Nobiscum et Consilio nostro super dictis Negotiis, e illud concer∣nentibus, et ad faciend. et consentiend. super hoc quod ibidem contigerit ordinari. Et interim vos et homines vestros, quanto potencius et decentius poteritis ad ar∣ma paretis. Ita quod in vestri defectum progressus dicti filii nostri et exercitus sui non retardetur, nec dicta ter∣ra Page  188 amissionis periculo non subjaceat 〈◊〉 causa. Et hoc sicut Nos et honorem nostrum, ac salvationem et desensionem terrae praedictae diligitis nu••aenus omit∣atis. Et habea is ibi hoc breve. Teste Rege apd Wesm, 15 die Martii. Per ipsum Rgem et Cosilim.

Consimilia Brevia dirig•••• subscriptis de effedo coram Rege et Consilio suo ad dies subscriptos, viz, Rado. Com. Staff. Thomae Com. Oxen. David. de Strabol∣gi Com. Athol. Edw. le Despenser, 31 more. Abbati de Forneux, 3 Abbots and 5 Priors, Magistr. Thomae de Nevill, and 10 others, (whereof two were Prehends in Ireland: Ad••res Septimanas Paschae: All of them ha∣ving lands in Ireland. The writs to the Abbots, Priors Prebends, and some others, had this special clause ad∣ded to them, not in the writs issued to the Earls and o∣thers of the Laity. Sitis personaliter apud Westm. n tribus Septimanis Pasche prox. futur. vel si personaliter tunc ibidem interesse non commode possitis, tunc aliquem vel aliquos de quibus confiditis, ad diem et locum praedictos mit∣tatis, ad loquend. Nobiscum et Consilio nostro (ut supra.) Et interim homines vestros, &c. (ut supra us{que} nullatenus o∣mittatis, (tunc) Nos in Cancellariams nostram de nominibus illorum qu•• us{que} Westm. ex causa praedict a duxeritis desti∣nand. 〈…〉 diem praedictum distinctè et apertc certio∣res. Et habeats ibi tunc hoc Breve. Teste ut supra.

Rex dilecto sibi Mariae Comitissae Norff.alutem. Quia, &c. ut supra usque ibi, accelerando: et tunc sic) Volumus cum Magnatibus et aliis de eodem Regno terras in dicta terra Hiberniae habentibus, Colloquium habere et Tractatum. Vobis in ide et ligeantia quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungendo mandamus, quod omnibus aliis praetermissis, aliquem vel aliquos de qui∣bus confiditis apud Westm. mittatis. It a quod sit ibi in Tribus Septimanis Pasche prox. futur. ad loquend. Nobiscum et Consilio nostro super dictis Negotiis, et illud concernentibus, et ad faciend, et consentiend. no∣mine vestro suer hoc quod ibidem contigerit ordinari. Et interim homines vestros, &c. (ut supra usque) nul∣latenus Page  189 omittati. (Et tunc sic) Nos in Cancellarim no∣stram de hominibus illorm quos ••que Westm. ex cau∣sa praedicta dxeritis 〈◊〉 reddentes ad diem prae∣dictm 〈◊〉 et aperte ceriores. Et habeatis ibi tunc 〈◊〉 Breve〈◊〉 supra.

Consimilia Bre••• dirignur subscripris sub eadem data de essendo coram Rege et 〈…〉 ad dies sub∣scriptos, viz. Alianorae Comiissae Dormond, Annae le Depenser, ad Quindenam Paschae, Philippae Comitisae de la March, Agnets Comitissae Pmbroc, Mariae de Sancto Paulo Comitissae Pembroc, Matildae Comitissae Oxon. Katherinae Comitissae Ahol, Iohannae Fitz Wauter, Margeriae de Ros. Ad tres Septimanas Pasche.

The next writ is Claus. 36 E. 3. m. 42. dorso. very [ 60] sutable to the next preceeding.*

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Thom de Furnyvall falutem. Cum nuper in succursum terrae nostrae Hiberniae quae pro magna parte per potentiam Hibernicorum Inimicorum nostrorum quibus Fideles nostri in partibus illis resiste∣re non poterant, occupara et de••ructa suit, ad resistend. malitiae eorundem Inimicorum nostrorum, et ad ipsos expugnand. et debelland. Leonellum Comitem Ulton. fi∣lium nostrum carissimum cum non modico armatorum nmero destinavimus, qui ibidem a diu super salvatione terrae praedictae ad sumptus excessivos in isdem parti∣bus moratus est, et quamplures hominum suorum ex variis eventibus decesserunt, sic quia idem filius noster et fideles nostri cum ipso commorantes per potentiam dictorum Inimicorum nostrorum indies invalescente in maximo periculo sunt constituti. Et licet vobis sicut a∣liis fidelibus nostris de Regno nostro Angliae terras in dicta terra Hibrniae habentibus, per diverta Brevia man∣daverimus, quod vos cum hominibus ad arma armatis et agittariis quanto potentius possecis parere•••, et cum dicto filio nostro et aliis fidelibus nostris ad ter∣ram praedictam pro defenione ejusdem et terrarum ve∣strarum ibidem transiretis: Vos tamen ad terram il∣lam accedere, vel homines aliquos ibidem mittee non Page  190〈◊〉, in no•• contemptum, t dict hii notri et a∣liorum fidelium nostrorum in Comitiva sua existentium, 〈◊〉 terrae praedictae amissionis periculum manise∣stum, unde plurimum conturbamur, nec immerico, ac movemur, Vobis igitur in fide t ligeania quibus nobi••nmini, et sub forisfactione omnium quae Nobis forisfacere poteritis, mandamus firmiter injungentes; quod attentis periculis praedictis, omnibus dilationibus et excusationibus cessantibus, Vos et homines vestros quanto potentius, juxta flatus vestri decentiam poteri∣tis paretis, et arraietis ad transfretand. ad dictum fi∣lium nostrum ad dictas partes Hiberniae, cum eodem filio nostro, ac aliis fidelibus nostris ibidem existenti∣bus super salvatione et defensione terrae praeditae et terrarum vestrarum propriarum in parribus illis mora∣turi. ta quo sitis in dictis partibus Hiberniae in Quin∣dena Pasche prox. fuur. ad ultimum, prompti et parati ad terram praedictam, una cum aliis fidelibus nostris contra dictos Inimicos nostros defendend, et ipsos Ini∣micos nostros cum Dei adjutorio expugnand, et debel∣land. et malitiam corum propulsand. Et vos ipsi sitis coram Nobis et Consilio nostro apud Westm. die Vene∣ris in secunda Septimana Quadragesimae prox. futur. ad loquend. et tractand. super progressu vestro ad dictas partes Hibrniae, et ad aciend. quod vobis tune injun∣getur ex parte nostra. Et hoc sub forisfactur praedicta nullatenus omittatis. Teste Rege apud Westm. 10 die Febr. Per ipsum Regem.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis, de essendo coram Rege et Consilio suo ad diem praedictum sub ea∣dem data, Thomae Comii Oxon. and 41 Earls, Barons, Gentlemen, Abbots, Priors, and Clergymen more, who had lands in Irl. After whose names this writ follows.

Rex dilecto sibi Mara▪ Comitissae Norff. salutem, Cum in succursum, &c. (just as in the writ before) usque exnsationibus cessantibus; homines ad arma armatos et sagittarios ee munitos quanto potentius juxta status vestri decentiam poteritis, paretis et arraia∣tos Page  191 ad trans••• and. &c. (ut supra usque) expuland. Et aliquos vel aliquem de quibus, vel de quo specialiter confiditis, mittatis apud Westm. Ita quod sint ibidem die Veneris in secunda Septimana Quadragesimae prox. futur. ad loquend. et tractand. super progressu homi∣num vestrorum praedictorum ad dictas partes Hibernae, et ad faciend. quod tunc ibidem per Nos et Con••lium nostrum conigerit ordinari. Teste Rege apud Westm. 10 die Februarii.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis de essendo coram Rege et Consilio suo ad diem praedictum sub ea∣dem data, viz. Alianorae Comiissae Dormond, Philippae Comitissae Marchlae, Agneti Comitissae Pembroc. Ma∣riae de Sancto Paulo Comitissae Pembroc. Matildae Co∣mitissae Oxon. Katherinae Comitissae Athol, Annae le Dis∣penser, Iohannae Fitz-Wauter, Margaretae de Roos.

The next I shall transcribe, is this special writ of sum∣mons to the Prince of Wales, entred at large in Claus. 49 E. 3. m. 6. dorso. after the writs to the Archbi∣shops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Temporal Lords and Sheriffs to elect Knights and Burgesses, but before the writ to the Warden of the Cinque ports.

Rex carissimo Primogenito suo Edwardo Principi Wal∣liae, salutem. Cum super arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos, et statum et defensionem Regni nostri, ac Ecclesiae Anglicanae contingentibus Parliamentum nostrum apud Westm. duodecimo die Februarii prox. futur. teneri or∣dinavimus; per quod per diversa Brevia nostra manda∣vimus singulis Prael▪ tis, Magnatibus, et Proceribus dic∣ti regni nostri quod ad dictum Parliamentum nostrum summoneri fecimus, quod ad dictum locum Westm. 12 die Febr. intersint super negotiis praedictis tractaturi suumque consilium impensuri. Et quia nolumus quod tam ardua negotia dicti regni absque avisamento et consilio vesro tract entur, et drigantur; Vobis man∣damus quod apud dictum locum Westm, ad dictum duo∣decimum diem Februar. in propria persona vestra, n∣tersits Nobiscum, ac cum Praelatis, Magnaibus, t Page  192〈◊〉 praedics super dictis negoi, 〈◊〉 vestrumque consilium impensuri. Teste ut supra.

[ 62] The next writ wherewith I shall here present you is that of Clause, 21 R. 2. m. 9. dorso. which is very ob∣servable.*

Rex carissimo Avunculo suo Iohanni Duci Aquitaniae et Lancastriae, salutem. Quia de assensu Praeatorum, Procerum et Magnatum regni nostri Angliae in Parlia∣mento nostro apud Westm di Lunae prox. post festum Exaltationis Sanctae Crucis prox. praeterito summoneri fecimus existentium, pro quibusdam arduis et urgenti∣bus negotiis et materiis in eodem Parliamento adhuc pendentibus, quae adhuc commode terminari non 〈◊〉 ac aliis causis sais evidentibus, dictum Parlia∣mentum usque Quindenam Sancti Hillarii prox, futur▪ apud Salop, in stat quo nunc fuit duximus prorogand. et continand. Vobis in fide et ligeantia quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungendo mandamus, quod apud Salop in Qnindena praedicta cum familia et 〈◊〉 sta∣••• vestro congruis, et non cum multi••dine genium, nec alio modo quam tempore Domini Edwardi nuper Regis Angliae Avi nostri et nostro, aniquitus et com∣muni er fieri consuevi, personaliter intersiis, Nobiscum et 〈◊〉 Praelatis, Proceribus, et Magnatibus dicti regni no 〈◊〉 super causis, negotiis, et materiis antedictis fina∣lier tractaturi, vestrumque Consilium impensuri, abin∣de abque licentia nosra speciali minime recessuri. T. R. apud Westm. 5. die Novembris.

Consimi••• Brevia sub eadem data, issued to 5. Dukes more, one Marquess, 6 Earls, and 33 Lords, Barons, and Great men.

[ 63] I shall end this Section with this remarkable writ of Summons and Resummons recorded in Claus. 1 R. 2. m. 13. dors. (after the List of the Lords names) isued to William de Dacre.

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Willielmo de Dacre salutem. Cum nuper de avisam nto Consilii nostri pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus negotiis Nos, statum et defensio∣nem Page  193 Rega nostra Agli•• et Eccle••• Anglicanae concer∣nentibs quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud West. in crastino Purificationis beatae Mariae pro. futur. 〈◊〉 ordinavimus. Et licet per breve nostrum vobis in fide et ligeantia qibus Nobis tene mini firmiter in∣jungendo mandavemu, quod cessan•• exusaione quaunque dictis die et loco personaliter inter•••• No∣biscum, ac cum Praelatis, Magnatibus, et Procebus Regni nostri praedicti super negotiis praedictis tractatu∣ri, vestrumque consilim impens••i. Vos tamen man∣dato nostro praedicto minime parentes, ad Parliamentum praedictum dictis die et loco, 〈◊〉 huca que vene non curas•••▪ in nosta contemptum manife••um. Et quia Parliamentum praedictum usqe in dem Lunae in 〈◊〉 Quin 〈◊〉 Paschae prox. futur. duximus contin∣and. Vobis in fide et ligeania vestris praedictis injun∣gimus et mandamus, quod excusatione quacunque ces∣sane ad locum praedictum in Quindea praedict perlo∣nalter intersiis Nobiscum, et cum Praelatis, Magnati∣bus▪ et Proceribus dicti Regni nostri super negotiis praedictis tractaturi, vestrumque Consilium impensuri, ABINDE ABSQUE LICENTIA NOSTRA SPE∣CIALI MINIME RECESSURI. ET HOC SUB GRAVI PAENA, PER [NOS] ET DOMINOS IBIDEM TUNC PRAESENTES LIMITAND NUL∣LATENUS OMITTATIS. Teste nt supra.

Per ipsum Regem et Consilium.

Consimilia Brevia diriguntur subscriptis sub adem data viz. Iohi. de Welle Chr. Iohi. Gray de Codonore, Willo. Botreaux Chr. Iohi le Warre, Chr. Iohi. de Montea∣cuto Chr. Phil••po le Dispenser Chr.

By which writ it is apparent, 1. That if any Lord neglect or refuse to appear upon the first writ of Sum∣mons issued to him, that the King may resummon him by a second writ, as here he did these Lords. 2ly, That the not appearing in Parliament upon the first writ of Summons, through negligence, wilfulness, or without lawful excuse made for it, is a manifest contempt to the Page  194 King; That no Peers summoned to Parliaments ought to depart whiles the Parliament coninues, without the Kings special license; 4ly, That the not appearing of any Peer when summoned, or his departure from Par∣liament, without the Kings special license, is to be pu∣nished with such a heavy and deserved penalty as the other Lords sitting in Parliament shall limit and inflict, not the King himself without the Lords.

Usefull Annotations and Observations upon the precedent Writs to the Prince of Wales, King of Castel and Leon, Dukes, and other Temporal Lords and Barons, and the lists of their names recorded after them.

1. I Observe, and must inform the Readers, that in some few Clause Rolls, there are writs of Summons entred only to Earls, and other secular Lords, without any writs to Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots and Spiritu∣al Lords, who no doubt had like writs then isued to them, though not registred in the Rolls, as the Lords writs attest.

2. That in the Rolls where in they both are registred, the writs to the Temporal Lords are now and then en∣tred, before those to the Archbishops, Bishops and Spi∣ritual Lords; but most usually they follow them.

3. That they are commonly entred both together on the self-same dorse▪ or membrana, & their recials, cla∣ses for the most part the same in terminis; except in the Praemunentes, &c. which is peculiar to the Archbishops and Bishops writs; or in the clauses, or Homagio et li∣geantia quibu, Nobi tenemini; which is peculiar to the Temporal Lords; and never used in the writs to the Bishops, Abbots, and Eclesiastical Lords; but in fide Page  195 & 〈◊〉 quibus Nobis tnmini, only; which is oft times inserted into the writs to the Temporal Lords, and others of the Laity, not peculiar only to the Clergy; as in homagio & ligantia are to the Temporlly. The reason whereof I conceive to be gronded on that of Littleton in his Chapter of Homage, Sect. 86. If an Ab∣bot or Prior, or other man of Religion (which extends to all Archbishops, Bishops, Den, Parsons, Prebends and other Ecclesiastical bodies Politick) shall do homage to his Lord, he shall not say, IEO DEVEIGNE VOSTR & HOME (whence Homage hath its name and derivation, as all Temporal Lords and Laymen ought to doe, when they do their homage to the King or other Lords) be∣cause he hath professed himself, PUR ESTRE TANT SOLEMENT LE HOME DE DEU; But he shall 〈◊〉 say, I do Homage unto you, and to you I shall be true and faithfull, and faith to you bear for the Tenements which I hold of you; In which respect, Glanvil lib. 9. c. 1, 2. Bracton. 78. F. Britton cap. 68. & 〈◊〉. 3 cap. 16. resolve. S••endum st quod 〈◊〉 liber 〈◊〉as∣culus quam famina, Clericus et Laicus, major & minor, dum tamen electi in Episcopos; POST CONSER ATIO∣NEM HOMAGIUM NON FACIUNT, quicquid ecerunt anie, sed TANTUM FIDELITATEM. Con∣ventus atm HOMAGIUM nec faciet de Iure, sicu NE ABBAS, NEC PRIOR, o quod tenent nomine alieno, scilicet nomine Ecclesiarum: as Sir Ed. Cook like∣wise observes in his 1. Institutes, f. 65. b. So that they doing no homage properly so stiled to the King, after their consecrations, nor using the words (I become your man, if we credit Lttleton) in making their homage as the Temporal Lords do. Therupon (I conjecture) the writs of Summons command the Temporal Lords and Laity to appear, &c. in fide t homagio, et in ide et lige∣antia quibus Nobis tenemini; but the Prelates, Spiritual Lords, and other Clergy, only in fide et dilectione, they being bound to swear fealty and Allegiance to our Kings for the Freehold Lands and Temporaties they held of Page  196 him ••xcept only those that hold in Frankalmigne, as 29 E. 3. f. 38. a. Littleton Sect. 91, 92, 93. Sir Edw. Cook in hi 1. Instiutes on these Sections, and other Law-books resolve. For this I shall produce one me∣morable Record; a••uring us, that all the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbos, Priors and Clergy both in England and Ireland, did, and of right ought to swear fealty to the King, as well as the Temporal Lords and Commons, and prescribing Commissioners in Ireland to receive it from them;

Venerabiii in Christo Patri edem gratia Midden. Episcopo, et dilectis et fidelibus su∣is Mauricio filio Mauricii Justiciario suo Hiberniae, et Mgistro Iohanni de Smford Escheatori suo Hiberniae salutem. Cum defuncto jam celebris memoriae Do∣mino Henrico Rege patre nostro (cujus animae propi∣cietur Alissimus) ad Nos regni Angliae gubernacu∣lum, et errae Hiberniae Dominium pertineant, ob quod PRAELATI, Comites et Proceres, et Com∣munitas Regni nostri Nobis, tanquam Domino suo ligio et Regi, FIDELITATIS JURAMENTUM, et omnia alia quae Nobis ratione Coronae et Dignitatis Regiae ab ipsis fieri et praestari Nobis in absentia no∣stra poterun, plenariè et sine omissione aliqua prom∣pto et libenti animo PRAESTITERINT; AC, AR∣CHIEPISCOPI, EPISCOPI, ABBATES, PRIO∣RES, Comites, Barones, Miites, liberè tenentes, ac tota Communitas terrae nostrae HIBERNIAE, NOBIS tanquam REGI ET DOMINO SUO IGIO, CONSIMILE SACRAMENTUM FIDELITATIS PRAESTARE TENEANTUR; Dedimus obis po∣testatem recipiendi nomine nostro FIDELITATEM IPSORUM. Ia tamen quod si vos; omns interesse ne quiveritis, tunc duo vel••us vestrum qui prae ens¦u rit nihilominus plenaim hab at potestatem reci∣piendi nomine nostro FIDELITATEM IPSORUM in forma praedicta. Et id o vobi mandamus quod FIDELITATEM PRAEDICTAM nomine nostro recipiatis, prout, melius videbiis expedire. In cu∣jus Page  197 &c. 〈…〉Westm. 7 die Sept. An. 1 E 1.
Hence I finde this IURAMENTVM EPISCOPORVM; in Tttles Magna Charta, printed London 1556. f. 164. b. being nothig else but the form of the Oth of Fealty, which the Bishops took to our Kings before they received their Temporalties out of their hands, being the same in substance, which the King ofbSots an his Tempora Lords, and English Barons and Laymen, usually made to King Edward the 1. and his Successors coninued 〈◊〉 these later times. Ieo serra soall et loyall, et oy et lo∣altie por••ray AV ROY & A SES HIRES, ROYS DE ANGLITERRE, de vie et de, membres, et de ter∣rene honour contre tout gentz qui pyent vivre et mounir. Et loyament monstray, et loyalment ferray les services qui appendent a la temporaltie de Levesque de M. la quelle eo claimor de tenir de vous, et laquelle vous me rendes. Si moy ayde Dieu et ses Saints. This Oath of Felty, as c Sir Edward Cook and others affirm, was first invent∣ed, and generally prescribed to all persons above 12 years of age, by our famous British King Arthur; who by vertue thereof, ex pulit SARACENOS et Inimices egno. But this certainly is a meer fable, and gross mis∣take; (which I admire Mr. Lambard. and Sir Edward Cook observed not;) for the Saxacens never invaded Eng∣land in any age, neither were they expelled the Realm by King Arthur; but the Saxons, who had then and formerly possessed themselves of a great part of Britain, were vanquished and expelled by him in the years of grace 518, 520, 522, as Matt. Westminster,dGeoffry Man∣mouth, Tho. Walsingham, ande other of our Histori∣ans relate; yet not by vertue of this Oath, (which no Historian mention) but of his arms and 〈◊〉; this Oath (as I concive) being rath rinvented by our Saxon Kings, than Kig Arthur; and first prescribed by this Law of King Edmund son of Adelstan (made atfCu∣linton by advice of his Bishops and wise men, about the year 944. Lex 1.) Ut omnes jurent in nomine Domini &c. Page  198 FIDELII ATEM Edmundo Reg., SICVT HOMO DEBET ESSE FIDELIS DOMINO SUO; sine om∣ni controversia et seditione in manifesto et occulto, &c. Et quod ANTEQVAM IURAMENTUM HOC DA∣BITUR, ut nemo concelet hoc in fratre vel proximo suo plus quam in extraneo. This Oath thus instituted, was* backed by the Laws of Edw. the Confessor, & of Will, the Conq. (Lex 78, 79.) published byg Mr. Selden: in whose reign all Bishops before their Consecrations did Homage to the K. as well as Fealty for their Temporalties; Which though Archbishop Anselm opposed, yet at last it was h agreed between King Henry the first and him, by assent of the Bshops, Abbots, Lords and Great men in a Parliamentary Council held in August Anno 107. Vt nullus ad Praelattonem electus PRO HOMAGIO QUOD REGI FACERET consecratione suscepti honoris priva∣etur. Which Law and usage continued under King Henry the second, as is evident by this passage of Glan∣vil, l. 9. c. 1. who writ and was chief Justice under him. Electi vero in Episcopos ante consecrationem HOMAGIA SVA FACERE SOLENT. What solemn publike Oathes of Allegiance and Fidelity Bishops and other Clergymen, as well as the Temporal Lords & Commons, have heretofore and of late years made to our Kings and their heirs, you may read at leasure in the Exact Abridgement of the Records in the Tower, p. 427, 657, 663, 25 H. 8. c. 20. 22. 26 H. 8. c. 7. 10. 35 H. 8. c. 1. 1 Eliz. c. 2, 3. 5 Eliz. c. 1. 3 Jac. c. 3. 5. 7. Jac. c. 6. I shall only present you with one more thus record∣ed in the Clause Roll of 11 E. 4. m. 1. dorso.

Memorand, quod tertio die Iulii Anno regni Regis Ed∣wardi Quarti undecimo apud Westm. in Camera Parlia∣menti, Venerabilis Pater Thomas Cardinalis Archiepisco∣pius Cantuar, ac alii Domini Spirituales et Temporales, ac etiam quidam Milites quorum nomina subscribuntur, fece∣runt Recognitionem, Iuramentumque praestiterunt Edwar∣do primogenito dicti Domini nostri Regis Edwardi Quarti, illustri Principi Walliae, Duci Cornub, & Comiti CestriaePage  199 in forma sequenti, & ad corroborationem praemissrum sin∣guli corum manibus propries scripserunt sua Nomina.

I Thomas Cardinal Archbishop of Canterbury know∣ledge, take and repute you Edward Prince of Wallys, Duke of Cornwall, and Earl of Chester, first begotten so of our Soveraign Lord Edward the fourth, King of Eng∣land, and of France, and Lord of Ireland, to be very and undoubted heir to our said Soveraign Lord as to the Crowns of England and France; and Lordship of Irland; and promi••e and swear, that in case hereafter it hap∣pen you by Gods disposition to overlive our said So∣veraign Lord, I shall then bear, and in all things truly and faithfully behave me towards you and your heirs, as a true and 〈…〉 Subject ought to behave 〈◊〉 to his Soveraign Lord and right wy King of England, &c. So help me God and holy domes, and the Evange∣lists.

  • T. 〈…〉
  • G. 〈◊〉
  • T. London Episc.
  • Her. Dunlm.
  • W. Episc. Winton.
  • G. Clrence.
  • R. Gloucester. Norff.
  • H. Buckyngham.
  • I. uff.
  • Arundell.
  • H. Essex.
  • E. Kent.
  • Riverirs.
  • I. Wiltshire.
  • W. 〈◊〉, Prior Hospt. S Iohannis.
  • E. Arundall Mautravers.
  • A. Gray.
  • I. Fenis.
  • R. E••sc. Sarum.
  • W. 〈…〉
  • T. 〈◊〉
  • R. Bathonien.
  • E. Carliol.
  • R. Beauchamp.
  • Sir Robrt Fenys.
  • Bourgchier.
  • T. Bourchier.
  • W. Par.
  • I. Dudley.
  • I. Audley. Dace.
  • Edw••do Bergaveny.
  • I. Strange.
  • I. Scrop.
  • W. Ferrers.
  • Berners.
  • Hasting.
  • Page  200 Moutjoy.
  • Dynham.
  • Howard.
  • Duras.
  • I. Pilkngton.
  • W. Beadon.
  • W. Courtenay.
  • T. Mullineux.
  • Raulf Ashto.

The first who brought Homage into England for ought I can finde, was William the Conqueror, and his Normans, who equally imposed it, on all Bishops, Abbos and Clergymensas well as on the Laity, in the self-same words and form for ought appears. How Bish∣ops & Abbots came to be exempred from doing homage for their Temporalties to our Kings after their conse∣cra••ons I have already touched & shall here further de∣clare for the informaion of those of my own profession:

AbbotaIngulphs records,

〈◊〉 mulcis armis retroactis (even from King Ehleds reig) ulla e∣lectio Praelatorum erat merè iera ••canonica, ed omnes divnitaes tam Episcoporum quam Abba∣tum per Annulum et Baculnm Regis curia pro sna complacentia conferebat; his 〈…〉 King William the Conquerot, who first bought theb word and service of HOMAGE out of Normandy into England, and at his Coronation at Lo∣don Ann. 1067. HOMAGIIS à Magnatibus (as well of the Clergy as Laity) acceptis, cum FIDELITA∣TIS JURAMENTO, obsidibusque acceptis, in reg∣no confirmatus, omnibus qui ad regnum aspiraverant factus est terrori, as Matthew Paris, p. 4. and Mat∣thew Westminster p. 1. relate.c Ann. 1072. He re∣ceived homage from the King of Scots. And Anno 1079 He entred Wales with a numerous Army, sub∣dued it, et a Regnlis 〈◊〉 ditionis HOMAGIA & FIDELITATES ACCEPT. Anno 1083. Ce∣pit HOMAGIA Ordinum totius Angliae, et JURAMENTUM FIDELITATIS, cu∣jusunque essent endi el senementi; And apud Londonias HOMINIUM SIBI FACERE, et contra omnes homines FIDELITATEM JURARE OM∣NEM Page  201 ANGLIAE INCOLAM IMPERANS (there∣fore Bishops, Abbots and Clocks, as well as Laymen) totam terram descripsit, &c.
asdIngulphus in∣forms us flourishing in that age. The Pope being much offended that Kings should thus conferre Bisho∣pricks, Abbies, and other Ecclesiastical dignities Per Annulum et Baculum, and that Bishops, and Abbots should thus doe Homage and Felty to them, and be∣come their men, as well as Lick, (as being a grand im∣pediment to their Supreme Authority over Emperors, Kings and Princes of the earth, strenuosly attempted by Pope Hil lebrand;) thereupon Pope Urban the 2d. Ans. 1095. in ae Council held at Claremount ordained,
Ut Episcopi, vel Abbates, vel aliquis de Clero ali∣quam Ecclesiasticam dignitatem de manu Principum, vel quorumliber Laicorum, non recipiant.
And this not prevailing, in another Council held by this f Pope at Rome, Anno 1099.
Urbanus Papa ex∣communicavit omnes Laicos investituras Ecclearum dantes, et omnes easdem investituras de manibs Laicorum accipientes, necnon omnes in officium sic dati honoris consecrantes. Excommunicavit etiam eos, qui pro Ecclesiasticis Honoribus LAICORUM HOMINES FIUNT id est, HOMAGIUM INE∣UNT as learnedg Sir Hen. Spelman truly expounds it.) Dicens minus execrabile videri, ut manus quae in tantam eminentiam excreerant, ut quod nulli Angelorum concessumest, ut Deum cuncta creantem suo signaculo CREANT (mark the blasphemy and contradiction) et eundem ipsum pro salute totius mundi Dei Patris obtutibus offerant, in hanc igna∣viam vel stulitiam detrudantur; ut ancillae fiant eorum manuum quae diebus et noctibus obscenis con∣tactibus inquinantur, sive rapinis et injustae sanguinis effusione addictae maculantur. Et ab omnibus est cla∣matum, fiat, fiat, et in his consummatum est concii∣um.
HereuponhAnselm Archbishop of Canterbury, a Burgundian by birth, and great Creature of the Popes, Page  202 peremptorily refused to consecrate any Bishops, who received their Investiures per annulum baculum from the King, or to have any communion with those who were thus invested and consecrated by the Archbishop of Yorke in his absence; denying to do any homage or fealty to King Henry the 1. after his revocation by him from his exile under Will. Rufus, without the Popes license; affirming,
Volente DEO NVLLIVS MOR∣TALIS HOMOFIAM, nec per Sacramenū alicui FIDEM PROMITTAM. Hereupon Rex, Regni∣que Proceres, Episcopi, et cujuscunque generis aulici praeter Regni consuetudinem ab Anselmo factiatum indignè ferentes asserebant sese nunquam tam iniquo Papae decreto assensos vel assensuros, et potius tam Anselmum regno exterminaturos et ab Ecclesia Ro∣mana penitus discesuros, quam hanc Papae sententiam A IURE REGIO, REGNIQUE CONSUETUDI∣NE PRORSUS ALIENAM, ratam haberent.
After many publike meetings and debates between the King, Prelates, Nobles and Anselm about this business, it was agreed, that Anselm, and William Werelast the Kings Ambassadour, should goe to Rome to Pope Pas∣chal the 2. and debate this business before him; where the said William appearing, and vehemently urging be∣fore the Pope in the Kings behalf;
Dedecus ei, et videri et esse, si Antecessorum suorum jura perderet, quos ipse et animi magniudine, et opum affluentia longe praerivit, &c. Adding in the close; Quod Do∣minus meus nec pro amissione Regni patietur sibi Ec∣clesiarum investituras auferri.
To which the inso∣lent Pope presently replied with a stern countenance.
Nec ego pro capitis sui redemptione eum investitu∣ras permittam impune habere;
Whereupon they decreed the cause for Anselm against the King; and in a Synod at Lateran, ratified the former Decree of Pope Urban in the Council at Rome; which this Pope by his consolatory Epistle tom) Anselm informed him of, in∣couraging him openly and boldly to appear and speak in Page  203 this cause for the Churches divine Liberty. Anselm hereupon wrote thus to King Henry (inviting him to return into England, and to doe him that service as his predecessors had done to his Ancestors)n
Ut au∣tem sim vobiscum ita ut Antecessor meus erat cum patre vestro, facere non possum, quia NEC VOBIS HOMAGIVMFACERE, nec accipientibus de manu vestra Investituras Ecclesiarum propter praedictam (Pa∣pae) Prohibitionem me audiente factam, audeo commu∣nicare.
But thoughoLudovicus Crassus K. of France was so pusillanimous, as by his Charter, dated An. 1137. to exempt his Archbishops, Bishops and Clergy from doing any Homage or Fealty to him for their temporalties be∣fore, or after their Consecrations, granting them, Quod canonicam omnino gauderent libertatem ABSQVE HOMAGII, IURAMENTI, seu fidei primum da∣tae, obligatione; Yet K. Hen. the first, though he were contented at last to part with his investitures to Bisho∣pricks and Abbies, yet he would upon no terms exempt any Bishops or Abbots from the homage due unto him for their temporalties, after their elections, and before their Consecrations, not from the Oath of Fealty; they alwayes doing homage to him and his Succes∣sors, at least wise before their consecrations, though seldom after them, and that in the self-same form as Laymen did, (without omitting this Clause, I become your man) as appears by Glanvil, l. 9. c. 1. Bracton, l. 2. c. 35. Fleta, l. 3. c. 16. Britton, ch. 66 of Homages; and 17 E. 2. Of the manner of doing Homage and Fealty; prescribing only one and the self-same form of homage as well to the Clergy as Laity, as well as the same Oath of Fealty, which they equally performed, though Littleton (and he alone) makes a difference between their forms of Homage. Hence in the Parliament at Salisbury, Anno Dom. 1116.
Comites & Barones CUM CLERO TOTIUS REGNI in praesentia Re∣gis Henrici 1. sibi et Willielmo filio suo HOMAGIUM FECERUNT & FIDELITATEM IURAVERUNT,
Page  204 as thep Chronicle of Bromton, andq other of our Historians record. I shall illustrate this discourse tou∣ching Homage and Fealty, with these memorable clauses in the Charter of King Stephen, touching the agreement made between him and Henry Duke of Normandy, &c. in ar Parliamentary Assembly of the Bishops and o∣thers of the Realm at Wallingford. Anno Gratiae 1153. wherein King Stephen declaring him the right heredita∣ry heir to the Crown of England after his death; and he reciprocally agreeing, that Stephen should enjoy the Crown and Kingdom quietly, without interruption by him during his life; thereupon,
Dux propter hunc honorem et donationem et confirmationem sib à me factam, HOMAGIUM michi, et Sacramento securi∣tatem fecit, scilicet, quod fidelis michi erit, et vitam et honorem meum pro suo pose custodier, per con∣ventiones inter Nos praelocutas, Ego etiam secui∣tatem Sacramento Duci feci, quod vitam et honorem ei pro posse meo custodiam, et sicut fiium & hae∣redem meum in omnibus in quibus potero eum ma∣nuenebo, et custodiam contra omnes quos poero. Willielms autem filius meus HOMAGIUM et secu∣ritatem Duci fecit, &c. Comites & Barones Ducis qui homines mei nunquam fuerunt, pro honore quem Domino suo fci, Homagium et Sacramentum michi fecerunt, salvis conventionibus inter me et Ducem factis. Coeteri vero qui ante Homagium michi fece∣rant, fideliatem michi fecerunt sicut Domino. Et si Dux à praemissis receerit, omnino a servicio ipsius cessarent, quousque errara corrigeret, &c. Comites etiam et Barones mei LIGIUM HOMAGIUM DUCI FECERUNT, salva mea fidelitate quamdiu vixero, et regnum tenuero. Simili lege, quod si go à praedictis recederem, omnino à servicio meo cesta∣rent quousque errata corrigerem. Cives etiam Civia∣tum et homines Castrorum quae in Dominio meo ha∣beo ex praecepto meo homagium et securitatem Duci fecerunt, salva fidelitate mea quamdiu vixero et reg∣num tenuero. Archiepiscopi, Episcopi atque Abba∣tes Page  205 de regno Angliae ex praecepto meo FIDELITATEM SACRAMENTO DUCI FECERUNT. Illi quo∣que qui in regno Angliae Episcopi deinceps fint vel Abbates, IDEM FACIENT.

In the Recognition of the antient Customs of thes Realm of England used in the reign of King Henry the 1. and his Ancestors, quae observari debebant in regno & ab omnibus teneri; drawen up and agreed upon Febr. 8. Anno Dom. 1164. in the famous Parliamentary Coun∣cil of Clarindon, in the presence of the King, and of all the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Earls, Barons and Great men of the Realm; who all juraverunt & fir∣miter in verbo veritatis promiserunt viva voce, tenendas et observandas Domino Regi et HAEREDIBUS SVIS, bona fide et absque malo ingenio in perpetuum; I finde these Articles pertinent to my purpose,

Archiepiscopi, Episcopi, et universae personae regni, qui de Rege te∣nent in capite, habeant possessiones suas de Rege sicut Baroniam, et inde respondeant Justiciariis et Mini∣stris Regiis, et fequentur et faciant OMNES CON∣SUETUDINES REGIAS; et sicut caeteri Barones debent interesse judiciis Curiae regis cum Baronibus quousque pervenitur ad diminutionem membrorum, vel ad mortem. Cum vacaverit Archieplscopatus, Episcopatus vel Abbatia, vel Prioratus in dominio Regi, esse debet in manu ipsius, et inde percipiet omnes reditus et exitus, sicut Dominicos reditus su∣os. Et cum ventum fuerit ad consulendum Ecclesiam, debet Dominus Rex mandare poiores personas Ec∣clesiae, et in Capella ipsius Regis debet fieri electio, assensu ipsius Regis et Concilio personarum regni, quas ad haec faciendum advocaverit, et IBIDEM FACIET ELECTUS HOMAGIVM & FIDELI∣TATEM REGI, SICVT LIGIO DO MINO SVO., de vita sua et de membris, et de honore terreno, sal∣vo ordine suo, priusquam consecretur.
Indeed An∣gelus de Clavasio in his Summa Angelica Tit. Homagi∣um, and other Canonists hold it to be Symonie and un∣lawfull, Page  206prore' spirituali, puia Beneficio Ecclesiastico HO∣MAGIUM EXIGERE: But our Lawes resolve it an antient Legal duty and Service: Of which see more in Spelmanni Glossarium, Tit. Fidelitas & Homagium, in William Somners Glossarium, Tit. Homagium, and in Bracton, Britton and Fleta.

4. That this clause in the writs to the Temporal Lords in fide & homagio, implies they were all (or most) Barons by tenure. And whereasa Sir Ed. Cook, and b Sir Henry Spelman assert, That of antient time, the temporal Lords were commanded by the Kings writ thus to appear, In fide et homagio quibus Nobis tenemini, and in the reign of Edward 3. in fide et ligeantia, and sometimes in fide et homagio, but at this day constantly, in fide et ligeantia; because at this day there are no feu∣dal Baronies, in respect whereof Homage is to be done; which in 21 E. 3. was the true cause of this alteration: If this observation of theirs, That in fide et homagio, feodales propriè respiciat Barones, denoting only such Barons who were Barons by tenure, or Barony, for which they did their Homage and swore Fealty and Allegiance to the King: then this is a most convincing argument, that all the Lords and Barons summoned before 11 E. 3. were Barons only by tenure, not by writ alone, because they were all regularly summoned to appear in fide et homa∣gio, not in fide et ligeantia: 2ly. It is a clear mistake, that this alteration of homagio into ligeantia, was made in 21 E▪ 3. for it was not till 25 E. 3. pars 1. dors. 5. in fide et homagio, being used both in the writs of 21, 22, 23, & 24 E. 3. 3ly. The reason of this alteration could not be this they rendr, because all or most of the Lords and Barons then summoned, did not hold of the King by Barony; but were Barons only by writ, not tenure; First, because all the writs to the Prince of Wales,and Earls then summoned (who held of the King by Homage and Barony) issued in this form in fide et ligeantia to them, as well as to the inferiour Lords and Barons. 2ly, Be∣cause the self-same Prince, Earls, Lords summoned in Page  207 this form in 25 E. 3. in the very next years of 26 E. 3. d. 14. and 27 E. 3. d. 12. were twice summoned again, i fide, homagio et ligeantia quibus Nobis tenemini, and 28 E. 3. d. 26. in fide et homagio; after in 29 E. 3. d. 8. 7. 31 E. 3. d. 21. & 1. they are summoned in fide et ligean∣tia; but yet in 32 E. 3. d. 14. 36 E. 3. d. 16. 37 E. 3. d. 22. 38 E. 3. d. 3. 39 E. 3. d. 2. 42 E. 3. d. 22. 43 E. 3. d. 24. 46 E. 3. d. 9. all the writs to the Prince, Earls, Lords and Barons, run again in fide et homagio only: and some between and after them in fide et ligeantia only, though issued to the self-same persons, or their heirs: There∣fore ligeantia, in these and subsequent writs, is put only as a Synonima, signifying only Homagium; as the cou∣pling them together in two writs, in fide, homagio et ligeantia, and the placing of Homagio thus interchangea∣bly for ligeantia, and ligeancia for homagio, evidence be∣yond contradiction: The rather, because there is the highest promise and bond of Allegiance expressed in the very words, and form of homage done to the King (as the words,*I become your man from this day forwards of life and member, and of earthly worship, and unto you shall be true and faithfull, and bear you faith, and this clause, saving the faith that I owe unto our Soveraign Lord the King, when done to a common person) import: and Glanvil l. 9. c. 1. Bracton l. 2. c. 35. Fleta l. 3. c. 16. Sir Edward Cook in his 1 Institutes on Littletons Chapter of Homage, Sir Hen. Spelman, and Somner in their Glos∣saries Tit. Homagium & Fidelitas, at large demonstrate; Therefore homage may be properly stiled ligeantia, and be put in lien of homagio, as doubtless it is in all those writs that use it. 3ly. I findc sundry Homages for Dutchies, Earldoms and Baronies, done to our Kings by the Duke of Aquitain, the Dke of Hereford, Henry Percy, the Duke of Norfolk, and other Peers, who were then and afterwards summoned in fide et ligeantia, not homagio; and I doubt Sir Edward Cooke and those of his opinion, can hardly name any Dukes, Earls, Vicounts, Lords or Barons, summoned to Parliament under HenryPage  208 the 3. R. 2. H. 4, 5, 9. or E. 4. who was not a Lord by Tenure or Barony, as well as by Patent, or a special writ of creation, the very names of their Baronies asd Sir Edward Cooke, ande Mr. Selden inform us, be∣ing usually expressed in all later writs of Summon: Therefore this their conjecture of altering the writs from homagio to ligeantia, because they held not by ho∣mage, must needs be erronious, and groundless in my judgemen, and the assertions of such who hold, that the Kings bare general writs of summons, issued to those who held not by Barony, did create them and their is∣sues Barons, if they sate in Parliament without any special creation by some Clauses in the writs, or by Pa∣ent, grounded on this mistake, must vanish into smoke; else that Clause of creation in the writ to Sir Henry Bromfleet, Cl. 27 H. 6. d. 24. would have been both superfluous and ridiculous.

5ly. That this clause, in fide et homagio; or, in fide & ligeantia quibus Nobis tenemini, is sometimes omitted out of the writs of Summons to the Prince of Wales, and other times inserted into them.

6ly. That the Prince of Wales in the writs of Sum∣mons and adjournment, is sometimes stiled Princeps Walliae only; sometimes, Princeps Aquitaniae et Walliae; other times, Princeps Walliae, Dux Cornubiae, et Comes Cstriae; when all these titles were conferred on him by the King.

7ly▪ That in the writs issued to Dukes, Earls, and Temporal Lords of the Kings Progeny, royal bloud and alliance, they are usually stiled; Carissimo filio nostro; Fratri Regis; Fratri nostro; Avunculo Regis; Avun∣culo nostro; Nepoti nostro; Consanguineo nostro, &c. and the other Earls and Temporal Lords, Dilecto et fideli nostro, only; and that those of the bloud royal are for the most part, though not alwayes, first entred in the Rolls of summons.

81y. That when a Duke or Earl of England was made a real or titular King of any forein Realm, his Royal ti∣tle Page  209 was alwayes mentioned in the writ: Thus Iohn Duke of Lancaster King of Castell and Leon, in all writs of summons to him after his forein Kingship., was sti∣led, Carssimo filio suo Iohanni Regi Castellae et Lgionis Duci Lancastriae, in the summons of 46. 49, 50 . 〈◊〉 And Carissimo Avunculo suo Iohanni Regi Castell & Le∣gionis, Duci Lancastriae: in all the writs issued to him under King Richrd the 2d. So if any Earl or Baron of England, was created a Duke or Earl in Scotland, France, or Ireland, his forein Titles were inserted in∣to the writs, as the Title of Cardinal, or Patriarch of Ie∣rusalem was inserted into the English Bishops writs created Cardinls and Patriarchs beyond the Seas. Thus Gilbrt de Vinf. an l an English Baron being made Earl of Anegos, and David de Stràbolgi, Earl of A∣thol in Scotland, Leonell the Kings son Earl of Vlster in Ireland; the black Prince made Prince of Aquitain as well as of Wales, and Iohn Duke of Lancaster, Duke of Aquitan, under Richard the 2d. the were thereup∣on stiled*Comiti Anegos, Comiti Athol, Comiti Vlton, Principi Aquitani & Walliae, Duci Aquitaniae & Lan∣castriae, in the writs directed to them: and if these their forein Titles were omitted in any Writs against them at the Common Law, the writs would abate, be∣cause they were English Peers, and had these Titles in∣serted into their writs of Summons to Parliament, where they sate in their Princes, Dukes and Earls Robes, amongst the rest of the Dukes and Earls. But if any forein Duke, Earl, Lord, or Baron of France, Ireland, Spain or Germany, who was no English Ba∣ron, Lord or Peer of Parliament, was sued in the Kings Court by writ, he might be stiled only a Knight or Es∣quire, and needed not to be sued by the Title of Duke, Earl, Lord or Baron; because he was no Duke, Earl, Lord or*Baron at all in England; but only in his own Country, and should be tried upon an Indictment of Trea∣son, Murder or Felony, only by an ordinary Iury, and not by English Peers. By which differences the Books Page  2010 of 39 E. 3. 3. Brooks Nosme de dignity, 9. 59. & Parl. 4. 11 E. 3. Fizh. Brief. 473. 8 R. 2. Fitzh. Proces. 224. 20 E. 4. 6. Brooks Nosme de Dignity. 49. Dyer,60. b. Cook 7▪ rep. Calvins case, f. 15, 16. 9. rep. ••nchers case, f. 117. 3. Instit. p. 20. & 4. Instit. p. 47. are fully reconciled.

9. That if any Earl, Baron or Lord was Marshal, Consta∣ble, Steward, Admiral, Chancellor, Treasurer, or other great Officer of England, or Warden of the Cinque ports; his Title of Office was commonly inserted into the writs of Summons. As, Rogero, or Thomae Comiti Naff. & Marescallo Angliae, Avunculo suo carissimo, Thomae de Wodestoke Constaulario Augliae, Willo de Clnton co∣miti Haigdon, Constabulario Castri Dover. et Custodi quinque Portuum suorum, &c. What precedency these Officers had of other Earls, Lords and Barons, in Par∣liament, you may read in the Statute of 31 H. 8. c. 10. and Mr. Sldens Titles of Honor. p. 901, &c.

10. That in the lists of the Dukes, Earls, Lords, and Ba∣rons names there is no certain order observed accor∣ding to their Antiquity or Precedency, but in some Rolls one is first entred, in other Rolls others listed before them, and they again postponed in succeeding lists: Yt generally for the most part, hough not always, the Prince of Wales is first entred before the rest; the Dukes before the Earls; the Earls & Vicounts before the Lords and Barons; and they before the Iudges or Kings Counsil; and the Earl who was Marshal of England, before the other Earls; the Clerks entring their names promiscuously for the most part as the Writs came to their hands. Some times the first Writs entred at large issued to one Earl, Lord, Duke, Baron, other times the Writs go to others, without observing the Laws of Heraldry, though in the reing of Edward the 3d. and afterwards, their names are more methodically entred then before that time; oft times in the selfsame order, or with some small variations and transpositions. So as the Precedency of the Earls or Barons, and their pla∣ces Page  2011 of sitting in the Parliament House cannot be cer∣tainly collected from, or defined by the entry of their Writs of Summons or liting in the Eodem modo manda∣tum est, or Consimiles litrae; but by custom, and the Sta∣tute of 31 H. 8. cap. 10.

11ly. That in some Clause Rolls there is one Writ to the Archbishop, or some other Bishop first entred at large, and another Writ at large, to some one Earl or temporal Lord; with an Eodem modo, or Consimiles li∣terae, only entred to the rest there listed: but most u∣sually, there is only but one Writ entred at large to one of the Archbishops, or some other Bishops; and then a short recital of some part of that Writ to one tempo∣ral Lord, with an &c. Teste ut supra, and the like, for brevity sake: and an Eodem modo, and Consimiles literae; or some short entries of some special clauses of the Writ, to all the other temporal Lords.

12ly. That in the Eodem modo, and Consimiles Lite∣rae; first the Bishops, Abbots, Priors and spiritual Lords, then the Dukes, Earls, Temporal Lords, Barons, Justices, Kings Counsils names, are entred successively one af∣ter another, after the first Writ, which is singly en∣tred in sundry Rolls, without any Writ or part of Writ interposed between their names; as if they had all the selfsame Writs in terminis issued to them. But in most Rolls, there is either a distinct Writ, or part of Writ; or an Eodem modo mandatum est &c. mutatis mutandis; interposed between the names of the Bi∣shops, Abbots, Priors, and Earls and Lay Lords; & like∣wise between the Temporal Lords, and the Kings Counsil and Justices summoned to Parliaments: with the usual clauses wherin the writs differ one frō another inserted into them; which different clauses no doubt were in most of the Writs issued to them in those Rolls where they are all entred promiscuously together in the Eodem modo, and Consimiles Literae; without any Writ or part of a Writ, or mtatis mutandis interposed be∣tween thē, omitted only for brevity sake by the Clerks; Page  212 who ingrossed the Rolls.

13ly. That the English Barons, who were titlary Earls in Scotland under the Kings Jurisdiction and Alle∣gance were alwayes summoned and li••ed among•• the Earls of England in the Rolls of Summons, not amongst the English Lords aud Barons who were no Earls: wit∣nesse Gilbert, and Robert de Vmfranil, Earls of Anegos in Scotland, and David de Stabolgi, Earl of Athol, al∣wayes summoned to the Parliaments by the Titles of these their Scotish Earldms, and lited amongst the En¦lish Earls, not Barons, in the Clause Rolls. Gilbert de Vmfranil being summoned by Writ as Earl of Angos, to no lesse than 12. Robert de Vmfranil to 63. Gilbert 〈◊〉 Vmfranl his Son, to 50. English Parliaments, & David de Sirabolgi to 21. Parliaments and great Councils, as Earl of Athol (as the ensuing Table will inform you) amongst the other Earls of England: but no other Earls of Scotland besides these two. The reason whereof was only this, because they were English Barons, and held lands by Barony in England, though the Titles of their Earldoms were not English but Scotish, yt they were under the Kings Subjection Allegiance; and their Re∣sidence when thus summoned, was upon their Ba∣ronies in England. That Gilbert de Vmfranil, was an English Baron and Lord of Parliament, before he be∣came Earl of Anegos, is clear by the Clause Rolls of 23 E. 1. d. 4. 9. & 24 E. 1. d. 7.b wherein he was summo∣ned to 3. Parliaments amongst the English Lords and Barons; but then being Earl of Anegos by discent from his Mother, he, was in Cl. 25 E. 1. d. 25. & sundry Parlia∣ments after, alwayes summoned by the name of Earl of Anegos, and listed amongst the Earls of England, as the ensuing Table demonstrates. So Rob. de Umfranil, summo∣ned to Parliament amongst the English Barons, Claus. 2. E. 2. d. 20. was in Claus. 2. E. 2. d. 11. and all suc∣ceeding Parliaments under Edward the 2. & 3. summo∣ned to Parliament as Earl of Anegos among the Earls of England, with whom he is still entred in the Rolls. Page  213 The like may be said of David de Straolgi, who though originally a Scotish Earl, was yet afterwards made an English Lord by the King, and held Lnds in England by Barony, and upon that account summoned to sun∣dry Parliaments and great Councils by ••e Title of Earl of Athol, and registred amongst the English Earls in the Clause Rols. Which I thought meet to touch, both to rectifie and clear that dobe mistake in the Antiquity of the Parliaments of England (newly printed) p. 46. That Peers of Scotland were wont to come and be summoned to the Parliament. And that the Peers of Scot∣land came to the Parliament for Iustice: which the Author indeavours to prove by 39 F. 3. 35. in a writ of Rvshment de Gard, against Gilbert Vmfravi; who demanded judg∣mnt of the writ, because he was Earl of Anguish, and not so named in the writ, &c. When as he was not sum∣moned to our Parliament as a Peer of Scoland, but on∣ly as an English Baron dignified with the Title of a Sco∣tlsh Earldome; and came not to our English Parliament for Iustice; but was summoned to it by Spe•••l writs, as a Peer and Member thereof; as the Clause Rols resolve, and the very year Book likewise. Of which more here∣after in its proper place.

14ly. That no Forein Prelates, Earls, Nobles, Ba∣rons of Ireland, Scotland or France were formerly sum∣moned to the Parliaments of England, as proer Mem∣bers thereof or Lords of Parliament, to make Laws or impose Taxes, or give Iudgment, or Counsel in any matters relating to England, but only our English Pre∣lates, Earls, Lords and Barons; as is most apparent by these special clauses in the writs of Summons.

Ibidem Vobiscum, ac cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus, & Proceribus DICTIREGNI ANGLIAE (never Scotiae Franciae, or Hiberniae in any writs whatsoever) collo∣quium habere volumus & tractatum. And Dictis die et loco persona••ter intersitis Nobiscum, & cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus, PRAE∣DICTIS (or DICTI REGNI NOSTRI••) super di∣c••s Page  2014 negot••s tracta••ri, ve••rumque consilium im∣pensui. And ad consentiendum his quae unc ibidem de Communi consilio DICTI (or EJUSDEM) REGNI NOSTRI, CONTIGERIT ORDINARI: And by this usual clause in the Patents of creation of all our English Earls, Lords, and Barons of Parliament;c Volentes & concedentes pro Nobis haeredibus & successoribus nostris, quod praefatus, A. Comes B. or C. Baro, or Dominus, D. et haeredes sui masculi, et eorum quilibet habeat, teneat & possideat sedem & locum in PARLIAMENTIS nostris, haeredum & luccessorum nostrorum infra REGNUM NOSTRUM ANGLIAE inter ALIOS COMITES, & BARONES EJUSDEM REGNI, ut COMES, or BARO: compared with thed Patents of creation of Irish and Scotish Earls, Lords Barons, & Boroughs, which constitute them only Earls, Lords, Barons or Boroughs; in terra & Dominio nostro Hiberniae, or Scotiae; or infra Regnum nostrum Sco∣tiae, or Hiberuiae; and Vnum Comitem, Dominum vel Baronem omnium & singulorum Parliamentorum & Magnorum Conciliorum nostrorum, &c. in terra (or Regno) nostro HIBERNIAE, or SCOTIAE, e∣nendorum; and grant them only, sedem et locum, in Parliamentis nostris HIBERNIAE, or SCOTIAE, in∣ter alios Comites, Dominos & Barones ejusdem Regni;
As the Kings Patents toe Burroughs in Irel. gave them plenā potestatē & authoritatē eligendi, mit∣tendi & retornendi duos discretos & idoneos viros, ad inser∣viendum & attendendum in quolibt Parliamento in dicto regno nostro Hiberniae (not Angliae) in posterum tenend. But no Place or Voyce at all to their Peers or Burges∣ses in the Parliaments of England, amongst the Earls, Lords or Barons of England; who have no seat, Place, or Voyce at all in the Parliaments of Scotland or Ireland, as they are English Peers (though subordinat Kingdoms to England.) Which I shall farther clear in some ensuing Sections.

15ly. That there is a great diversity between writs of Summons to Parliaments, or General Parliamenta∣ry Page  2015 Councils; and to particular Councils upon emergent occasions which are not properly Parliaments; all the Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Earls, Lords, Barons, together with the Judges and Kings Counsil, Citizens, Burges∣ses of Parliament, and Barons of the Cique ports, being usually summoned to the one; but some few Spi∣ritual and Temporal Lords only, without any Judges, Assistants, Knights, Citizens Burgesses or Barons of the Cinque-ports, or some few of them only, and divers who were no usual Lords, Barons of Parliament (as in 32 E. 3. d. 14. and other Rolls) summoned to the other, as the Clause Rolls atest. Which difference some ignorant Antiquaries not observing, have confoun∣ded them both together as one and the same, and mis∣taken some writs of Summons only to a Council, or to a conference with the King & his Privy Counsil upon extra∣ordinary dangers & occasions, for writs of Summons to a Parliament. Such amongst other forecited writs, are these of* 35 E. 3. dors. 36. & 36. E. 3. d. 42. Where all those Earls, Lords, Abbots, Peers, Great men, Gen∣tlemen, Counte••es, Ladies and Dowagers who had Lands in Ireland (and none else but they alone) were summoned, the Temporal Lords and great men, to ap∣pear in proper Person, the Clergymen, Countesses, La∣dies and Dowagers, to send one or more Proxies or De∣puties in whom they specially confided, to the King and his Counsil at Westminster (not to the Parliament) there to confer and treat with them concerning the relief of Ireland, and their passage to, or sending men of Arms speedily into Ireland, to resist, suppress the Irish Rebels, who much infested, wasted, and endangered it; as the whole frame and contents of the writs themselves, and the marginal Notes in the Rolls, De Consillo Sum∣monito: De Veniendo ad Consilium, &c. resolve beyond all contradiction. Which Ioseph Holland and others not considering, in their Antiquity of the Parliaments of England, p. 23. 88. have published these two grosse mistakes together, viz. That in the time of Edward the Page  216 th•••, ther was a writ then in use; De admittendo ide dignas ad colloquium, &c. It is recorded amongst the Summons of Parliament, 35 E. 3. that there is a writ, De admittendo fide dignos ad Colloquium. And amongst the Earls and Barons there is retorned. Mry Countesse de Norff: Alianoxa Countesse de Ormond▪ Philippa Coun∣tesse de March, Agnes Countesse de Pembroke, and Katherine Countesse of Athol. When as these Coun∣tesses were not recorded nor retorned amongst the Earls and Barons in any Summons to Parliament, nor were they required to send or come to any Parliament or Parliamentary Council; nor is thre any writ, in this or any other Roll; De admittendo fide dignas, or dignos ad Colloquium; as they confidently affirme. But they were only summoned by writ to send men of Arms into Ireland with other Lords, Gentlemen, Clergymen, who had Lands and Possessions there, as these Countesses all had, for to defend and recover the same from the Irish Enemies; and commanded;*Ali∣quos vel aliquem de quibus, vel de quo specialiter confidi∣tis MITTATIS apud Westm. &c. Which MITTA∣TIS these Pseudo-Antiquaries, have metamorphosed into a writ, DE ADMITTENDO fide dignas ad Collo∣quium. By which grosse perversion they have eviden∣ced themselves and their Treatises, not to be fide dig∣ni, in these and other particulars relaing to our Par∣liaments, wherewith they have deceived both them∣selves and others, who adore these their Oversights for Oracles.

16ly. That when any of the Earls, Lords or Nobles were imployed in the Wars in France, Scotland, Ire∣land, or any other service for the King in forein parts, they were omitted out of the lists of Summons to Par∣liaments, and Parliamentary Councils; and if any writs in such cases issued to them they were usually re∣voked & cancelled, and entries thereof made upon the Clause Rolls: This is evident by Claus. 11 E. 3. 25. dors. 11. where I find these 2. Presidents in the lists Page  211 of the Lords and Barons names. Thomae Wake de Lydett, VACAT QUIA IN OBSEQUIO REGIS. Henry de Grey, VACAT, QUIA IN OBSEQUIO RE∣GIS. After which, at the end of all the writs of Summons to the Sheriffs, Warden of the Cinque∣ports, and Kings Counsel, follows this entry of writs to some Earls, Lords and Gentlemen, besides those first mentioned after the Spiritual Lords then summo∣ned.

Rex dilecto & fideli suo Willo. de Bohun, Com. Nor∣thamton, salutem; Quia tam super urgentissimis, &c. ut supra in brevi directo Hent. Com. Lncastr. usque in finem.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. Thomae Com. Norffer Mariscallo Angliae, Avunculo Regis, Wil∣lielmo de Monteacuto Comit Sarum, Rico. Comiti A∣rundell, Hugoni de Audle Comiti Gloucestr. Roberto de Ufford Comiti Suff. Gilberto de Umfravill, Comiti de Anegos, Ranulpho de Dacre, Bartho, de Burghersh, Johanni de Segrave, Egidio de Badlesmere, Rado. de Nevill, Johanni de Tybtofte, Rico. Talebot, Henr. de Percey, Rado de Stafford, Thomae de Berkele, Anto∣nio de Lucy.

Et Memorand. quod Brevia istis Magnatibus immediate praescriptis directa, de essendo ad PARLIAMENTUM praedictum, remissa fuerunt Cancellar; ET PRO EO QVOD QVIDAM EX EIS IN PARTIBUS SCOTIAE, QUIDAM EX EIS IN PARTIBUS TRANSMARINIS IN OBSEQUIO REGIS EX∣ISTVNT, ADNULAND.

So Claus. An. 12 E. 2. pars. 2. dors. 32. There is this entry made in the lists of Summons. Humfrido de Bohun Comiti Hereford, VACAT QUIA IN OBSE∣QUIO REGIS. And Cl. 2. R. 2. d. 29. Iohi de Nevill de Raby (in partibus Aquitan.)

If any Baron or Lords name were in the list of Sum∣mons, and he not actually summoned; there was then a Vacat entred in the Roll; as in Claus. 11. E. 3. p. 1. dors. 8. Iohi de Sutton de Holdernesse (VACAT Page  218 QUIA NON FUIT SUMMONITUS) And if he died before the Parliament, then his death was entred upon the Roll, as Claus, 9. E. 3. d. 28. Iohi de Clynton, MORTUUS EST.

17ly. That when any Temporal Lords or Prelates had writs of Summons to Parliament issued to them in times of warr and danger, whilst they were imployed in the Warrs against the Scots in the North, or parts of Scotland; if they could not desert the Warrs and at∣tend personally in Parliament without danger and pre∣judice to the Publike, they had then writs of coun∣termand sent them, not to recede from the parts where they were in Service, notwithstanding their Sum∣mons to Parliament. For which I find this memora∣ble president in Claus. 30 E. 1. d. 7. De non recedendo à partibus Scotiae,

Rex dilecto & sideli suo Iohanni Segrave salutem. Li∣cet uper vobis mandavimus quod omnibus aliis prae∣termissis ad Parliamentum quod apud London in prox. festo Sancti Michaelis duximus Statend. PERSONA∣LITER INTERSITIS, NOLUMUS TAMEN quod praetextu mandati praedicti & partibus Scotiae,, seu Marchiae ejus, in quibus estis in obsequio nostro consti∣tuti ALIQUALITER RECEDATIS. T. Rege apud Losele XI die Septembris.

Consimiles literae diriguntur Alexandro Balliolo, Ed∣mundo de Hastinges, Willo de L••u, Seniori, Walte∣ro de Huntercumbe.

Eodem modo mandatum est Roberto de Clifford, quod, a partibus in quibus nunc est NULLATENUS RE∣CEDATIS.

To which I shall subjoyn this later▪ President of Cl. 6. E. 2. d. 12. Rex dilecto & fideli suo Waltero de Fau∣conberg, salutem. Licet nuper vobis mandaverimus, quod omnibus aliis praetermissis essetis ad Nos tertia Dominica Quadragesimae prox. futur. apud Westm. ibi∣dem Nobiscum & cum Magnatibus & Proceribs reg∣ni nostri super diversis negotiis, Nos et statum ejus∣dem Page  219 Regni tangenibs tractaturi vetrumque consili∣um impensuri, pro securiori tamen custodia et majori tuitione partium vestrarum contra Scotos inimicos et Rebelles nostros, vobis mandamus, quod a partibus praedictis sine mandato nostro vos nullatenus transfera∣tis. Teste Rege apud Westm. 20 die Febr.

Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, viz. Ranul∣pho de Nevill, Willo de Vavasour, Willo de Ros de Hamlake, Marmiduco de Twenge, Nicho. de Meivill, Ade de Everingham, Thomae de Multon de Egremond, Thomae de Multon de Gillesland, Ingelramo de Gynes.

As for the Bishops in such cases, they were by other special writs authorized to make Proctors to supply their places; though summoned by the original writs to appear personally in Parliament, and not by Proxies; as in Claus. 20 E. 3. pars 2. d. 22. and Claus. 46 E. 6. d. 11. forecited p. 51. 52. 58.

18ly. That if the King either Summoned or proro∣gued a Parliament to a certain day and place by his writs, commanding the Earls, Lords and other great men personally to appear in Parliament at that day and place; and then by reason of other emergent occasions could not meet them, or hold the Parliament at the time and place prefixed, he then usually discharged them all from their attendance by a subsequent wrir; Of which we have this pregnant example, Claus. 5. E. 2. d. 17.

Rex dilecto consanguineo & fideli suo Thomae Comiti Lancast. salutem. Licet nuper Vobiscum volentes ac cum Praelatis caeterisque Magnatibus Regni nostri supra Negotiis Nos & statum, dicti Regni tangentibus habe∣re Colloquium & Tractatum, ordinassemus Parliamen∣tum nostrum tenere apud Westm. prima Dominica Quadragesimae prox, fuur, Vobisque mandassemus, quod dictis die & loco PERSONALITER INTER∣ESSETIS, ad tractand. Nobiscum, & cum Praelatis & Magnatibus praedictis super negotiis antedictis, Page  214 Quia tamen PROPTER ALIQUAS CAUSAS ad lo∣cum praedictum dicto die ACCEDERE NON VA∣LEMUS, Vobis significamus, QUOD AD DIC∣TOS DIEM ET LOCUM PRAEMISSA OCCASIO∣NE VOS ACCEDERE NON OPORTET. Teste Rege apud Eborum, 20. die January.

Consimiles Literae dirigunter subscriptis: viz. to 6. Earls more, and the rest of the Lords summoned with them to appear personally at this Parliament.

19ly. That sometimes the Temporal Lords as well as Prelates, were more strictly and peremptorily requi∣red, and adjured with greater earnestnesse to appear Personally in Parliaments and Parliamentary Coun∣cils, then they were at other seasons, without admit∣ting any excuses or making any Proxies; because through their absence and want of their personal pre∣sence when summoned, the Parliaments were oft ad∣journed to some other time, the businesse of the King and Kingdoms retarded, delayed to the publike prae∣judice, and the Parliaments sometimes dissolved without concluding any thing, the Lords and Com∣mons there assembled refusing to do or grant any thing, when any of the chief Lords and Prelates were ab∣sent,

20. That no Spiritual or Temporal Lords could absent themselves from Parliaments when duly sum∣moned thereunto without a reasonble and just excuse, nor make any Proxies or Proctors to supply their pla∣ces, but when specially authorized and licensed to do it in or by the writs of Summons, or other special writs, much le••e than could they be forcibly secluded the House when summoned by writ; as some of late times have most violently been by those who were rai∣sed to defend both their persons and the privileges of Parliament.

21. That armed Guards, Forces, and Troops of Soldiers in or near the Places where Parliaments are assembled and kept, are altogether inconsistent with Page  215 the Customs, Vsage, Freedom and Privileges of Par∣liament; prejudicial obstructions to their proceed∣ings, and a great oppression to the people; Vpon which account not only the Earls, Lords and Barons, are sometimes in the writs of Summons specially pro∣hibited under grievous forfitures and penalties to re∣pair to the Parliament,*

With men of Arms, and multitudes of people; and to come only cum dicenti co∣mitiva de hominibus bonae discretionis et consilii, et NON CUM HOMINIBUS AD ARMA, sub foris∣factura omnium quae Nobis forisfacere poteritis. Claus. 2 E. 3. m. 31. dorso; But our Kings likewise by speci∣al writs and Proclamations at the very first meeting of their Parliaments usually prohibited all sorts of men, under pain of forfeiing all they might forfeit, not to wear any privy Coat of plate, or go Armed, or carry any Warlike weapons within any City or Suburbs thereof where their Parliaments sae, du∣ring all the time of their Session, that so the Parlia∣ments and Members might not be thereby distur∣bed, interrupted, over awed or terrified; as those who please may read at large in the Statute of 7 E. 1. Rastals Abridgment,
Armour 1. 1 E. 2. c. 3. 6 E. 3. rot. Parl. n. 3. Parl. 2. n. 2. Parl. 3. at York. n. 3. 415. . 3 E. 3. Parl. 1. n. 2. Parl. 2. n. 2. 14 E. 3. n. 2. 15 E. 3. n. 2. 17 E. 3. n. 3. 18 E. 3 n. 2. 20. E. 3. n. 1. 2 E. 3. n. 1. 25 E. 3. Parl. 1. n. 58. Parl. 2. n. 4. and Cook 4. Instit. p. 14. Such a Proclamation as this issued before the Parliament held at New Sarum, An. 2. E. 3. as is e∣vident by the Articles of improachmnt against Roger Mortymer Earl of March, in the Parliament of 4E. 3. Rot. Parl. n. 1, 2. and 28 E. 3. n. 9, 10
Who amongst othe. Articles was impeached condemned and executed as a Traytor, for comming* armed to the Parliamen at Salsbury, against the Kings Proclamation; with di∣vers of his confederates, whereby sundry of the No∣bles were so terrified, that they came not to the Parliament, and the Bishops there assebled had the Page  222 dores of the house wherein they sate in Counsel broke open upon them by armed men, and were there threatned to lose both life and members if they should be so hardy to say or do any thing against his will and ordinances; whereby he procured himself to be made Earl of March; caused the King to give him many Lands and Tenements, to the disinherison of his Crown; and excited him to ride armed against the Earl of Lancaster and other Peers of the Realm to Winchester, as they were comming towards the King to the said Parliament at Salisbury; whereupon they were inforced to reire to their own Countries to eschue the perils that might happen; which much greived them that they could not speak with their king, not counsel him as they ought.
After which the Parliament of 5 R. 2. as appears by n. 1. was in∣terrupted and adjourned because the Duke of Lancast∣er, and Earl of Northumberland being at variance, re∣sorted to i with multitudes of men armed in warlike manner, of which great complaint was made; and the Parliament deferred till the King, his Counsil and o∣ther Lords had examined and reconciled the differen∣ces between them, and removed their forces. Fit pre∣sidents for future times to imitate, after so many out∣rages and forcible assaults upon the Parliament and their Members by Souldiers and others of late times, beyond all presedents in former ages, to the totall dis∣solution both of our Parliaments and their privileges, unlesse carefully regained, reestablished by strictest Laws, exemplary Punishments, and severest pro∣hibitions of all armed forces in or near unto the places where future Parliaments shall assemble; who by the just judgment of God upon the former Parliament, (which against the Custom, Freedom and Privilege of Parlia∣ments making use of armed mercenary Guards and Soldiers for their defence, hath been unexpectedly af∣fronted, assaulted, forced, dissipated, yea destroyed by them, and made their basest Slaves and Captives) Page  223 may learn to avoid all such extravagances and over∣sights in succeeding ages.

22. It is observable and most evident by comparing the births of our Princes of*Wales and Earls of Chester recorded in our Histories, wih the dates of their first wits of Summons to Parliamnt; that Ed∣ward of Carnarvan, the first Prince of Wales was first sum¦moned by writ to Parliament when he was but 19. years old; that Edward the eldest Son of King Edward the second, as Earl of Chestēr, was first summoned by writ to Parliament when he was scarce 9. years of age; that Edward the black Prince of Wales, was summoned when he was not 20. and Richard his Son Prince of Wales called by writ to Parliament when he was not full 9. years old: The Kings eldest and youngest ons being usually summoned to Parliaments during their Minorities, (though others are* seldom summoned till their full age) even as King Henry the 6. rode trium∣phantly to,*and sate in State in Parliament in his Queen-mothers lap, before he was full 12. months old.

23. I observe, that in Claus. 27 E. 1. d. 6. 16. Ado∣marus de Valencia, was summoned and listed among the Earls, without the Title of Earl annexed to his name, being then, as I conceive, Earl of Pmbroc, and so stiled in succeeding Summons: And in Claus. 50 E. 3. pars. 2. d.(*) 6. Thomas de Wodestoke Constabularius Angliae, and Henry de Percy Marescallus Angliae, are listed amongst the Earls without any Title of Earls; yet in the next writ of Summons, Claus. 1. R. 2. d. 31. 37. Thomas de Wodestoke, is stiled Com▪ de Buck: et Constab. Angliae: and Henry de Percy, Com. Northumb. in the list of the Earls; and therefore I apprehend they were Earls in 50 E. 3. (as our Histories & Heraulds report them) though not so stiled n-the Roll of Summons.

24. That the names of the Kings Counsil, Justices, and other Officers, ummoned to Parliaments only as Assistants, are sometimes inserted into the Eodem mo∣do Page  218 mandatum est; and Confimiles literae next after the the Lords and Barons name without any space, line or distinction between them, sometimes with a lines di∣stance, or small space only from them; sometimes they are distinguished from the Lords and Barons by the words Milites, or Clricis Consilii, & Ist••iar▪ added in the Margin and a small space between them, as in Claus. 5 E. 2. d. 17. Cl. 2 E. 1. and sometimes they are inexmixed with the Lords and Barons names, and listed amongst them, as in Claus. 8 E. 2. d. 35. Roger de Brabazon and 7 others of them are named amongs••th Lords and Barons, and so in Claus. 3 E. 3. d. 19. Claus. E. 3. p. 2. d. 7.

In the Clause Roll of 25 E. 1. d. 25. the word Mi∣lites is inserted in the Margin over aainst the Names of the Judges and Kings Counsil, in the Eodem modo, and in Claus. 5 E. 2. d. 17. Clericis consilii, & Iusti∣ciar. is written in the Margin, to distinguish them from the Lords, and Barons, (but in no Rolls besides) with∣out the word Barones superadded to the Barons and Greatmen in the catalogue of their names.

24. That although the word BARO and BARO∣NES in the Clause Rolls of King Iohn, Henry the 3dEdward 1. 2. & Histories,* Great Charters and Statutes in their reigns be frequently used, applied to all the Temporal Lords of Parliament, yet in all the Clause Rolls and Writs of Summons I have seen, no particular persons amongst them are summoned by the Title of Barons, but only the Barons of Greystok, Graystoke, or Craystoke, and the Barons of Stafford: In the Clause Rolls of Ed. 1, & 3, so of Rich. 2. H. 4. 5. and 6. writs are frequently issued Iohanni BARONI de Greystoke, Willo. BARONI de Greystoke, Rado. BARONI de Greystoke, as they are siled in the Eodem modo; yet in other writs, lists, rolls in the Eodem modo, the direction to these very Barons, is many times Iohanni de Craystoke, or Greystoke, Willo. & Rado. de Greystoke, without the ad∣dition of BARONI annexed to them; which Title is Page  221 totally omitted in all the Ro••s of Edw. the 4th. as the ensuing Alphabetical and Chronological Table, with my Table to the Exact Abridgement of the Records in the Tow∣er, will more particularly inform you. So in the Rolls of King E. 1. & 3. (mentioned in the following Table) the directions in sundry writs in the odm modo are, Edmundo, & Rado. BARONI de Stafford; and in o∣ther writs to the one of them, he is stiled only Rado. de Stafford, BARONI being omitted in his Ti∣tle, BARO, being given o none (for ought I can find) in any lists of summons, but to these 2. Barons of Greystoke and Stafford alone.

25. That in my best observation the Title or Ad∣dition of MILES or CHIVALER, was not given to any Temporal Lords or Barons in any writs or lists of Summons to Parliament before Claus. 49 E. 3. dorse 4. 6. & 50 E. 3. pars 2. d. 6. wherein summons issued Willielmo le Morle Chivaler, Willielmo de Aldeburgh Chivaler, Iohanni de Well. Chivaler, Hugoni de Dacre Chivaler; after which it grew more common under King Rich. the 2. Henry 4. and 5. when many of the Temporal Lords and Baons had this addition given them sooner or later; those who wanted it in one, two, three, four or more writs of Summons at first, before they were Knighted, receiving it in subsequent writs after they were Knighted. After the beginning of King Henry the 6. and during the reign of Edw. the 4th. there was scarce any Temporal Lord in the lists of sum∣mons but was stiledaChivaler, or Miles, being all genetally Knighted for their greater honour. Of all the Temporal Lords, I find onely one namely Tho. de la Ware, constantly stiled MAGISTER Tho. de la Ware in all writs of summons to him from 23 R. 2. 05 H. 6. as the enuing Table will inform you; the true and only rea∣son whereof I apprehend to be this, that before the temporal Dignity of a Lord or Baron descended to him, bhe had been a Clergyman in sacred Orders; this Title Magister being alwayes prefixed before the Names of Page  220 all of the Kings Council who were Clergy-men, in their summons to Parliament as Assistats to the Lords House, as the writs and Table in the next Section will inform you not to distinguish him from the Lords who were Knights, as some mistake, because none of the other Lords who were not Knights, had this Title Magister given to them, but he alone: Now whereas in the summons of 1 E. 4. Iohn de Audley, isc stiled Armiger, I conceive it mistaken by the Clerks for Chlr. he being ever ••iled Chivaler, not Armiger, in the sum∣mons of 49 H. 6. d. 6. 2 E. 4. d. 3. 6 E. 4. d. 1. and all other summons else; and not one Baron or Lord Armiger, but he alone, though unknighted; Armiger being a petty inferior Title, not suitable to his Lord∣ship or Perage.

26. That the Prince of Wales, Dukes, Earls and Mar∣quesses, are regularly stiled by their Christian names, and Titles or Places of their Dignities, and very rarely (yet now and then) by theird Sirnames; but the emporal Lords and Barons till the end of King Rich. the 2. his reign, in the writs of summons directed to them, are for the most part stiled by their Christian names and Surnames, or by their Baronies supplying Surnames and sometimes both by their Surnames and Baronies. That the Tile DOMINUS, was not usu∣ally given to any of them, except two, before the reign of King Henry the 6. The first in my observation to whom this itle was given in any writ of summons, was Iohn de Moubray, who in Claus. 16 E. 3. par. 2. d. 13. and so in other succeeding writs (though not in all) is stiled Iohn de Moubray DOMINUS Insulae de Axholm: none else having this Title till afer the reign of Rich. the 2. The next so stiled is in Claus. 11 H. 4. d. 32. where a writ issued Iohanni Talbot DOMINO de Fur∣vall; which though omitted in some summons af∣ter, is again used in the summons to him Cl. 4 H. 5. d. 16. and Cl. 8H. 5. d. 2. Afte which I finde none so stiled till Cl. 23 H. 6. d. 21. where Robert Hungerford Page  221 Chivaler, is stiled DOMINUS de Mollins; as he is in Cl. 25 H. 6. d. 24. which gives the title of DOMINUS de Poynings to Hnry Peircy. In Cl. 27 H. 6. d. 24. this title DOMINUS is given to Hungerford, Percy, and 4 more; in Cl. 28 H. 6. d. 26. it is added to 8. In Cl. 29 H. 6. d. 41. to 16. after which it grew more common to them and most others who were summoned; as the ensuing Table will more particularly inform you. But though the temporal Lords in the writs of summons issued to them, were seldom stiled Lords or Barons be∣fore 23 H. 6. yet it is observable, that when any of them are particularly mentioned in theeParliament Rolls, Acts of Parliament, Commissions or Patents, they are usually stiled BARONS or LORDS, as in the Pro••gue of Magna Charta 9 H. 3. &c. 2. 14. 37. Charta de Foresta, c. 11. 20 H. 3. c. 9. 51 H. 3. 1. 10. Dictum de Kenelworth 51 H. 3. 3 E. 1. the Prologue, and c. 23. 13 E. 1. c. 42. 18 E. 1. The Statute of Quo Warrauto, 25 E. 1. c. 6. 34 E. 1. c. 5. The Prologues to the Satutes of E. 3. 14 E. 3. c. 5. and the Commission therupon, Pa. 18 E. 3. p. 2. m. 39. 36 E. 3. c. 6. 20 R. 2. c. 3. and other Acts. How fearfull Christians were to give this Ttle of DOMINUS to the Greatest Emperors, and how unwilling Augustus, and the greatest Christian Emperors were to receive or make use of i, unless with the diminution of DOMNUS and DOMPNUS, not Dominus, you may read in Sir Henry Spelmans Glossary, p. 225, 226. it being a Titlefpeculiar to God and Christ: & DEI NO MEN, asgTerulli•••liles it; whereas now it is usurped by, and given to every up∣start of the most ignoble extraction, to bring Nobility it self, and the House of Lords into contempt.

27. That it is the inseparable incommunicable Pre∣rogative, and Supream Royal Jurisdiction of the Kings of England (underivable to, and inusurpable by any other person or persons) by their special Patents, Writs of Creation, Charters and Solemn Invchiures, to make and create Princes of Wales, Dukes, Earls, Marquesses, Page  224 Vicounts, Lords, Barons and Peeres of the Ralm, and to give them and their posterities a place, seat, voyce in the Par∣liament and Great Councils of England, the Supreamest Judicature and highest Court of all others, wherein they *sit as Iudges, and all others Iudges in the Courts of West∣minster, sit only as their Assistants, not as Associates or their fellow Iudges. This is evident, not only by all writs of summons issued to the Lords, but likewise by the express Resolution of all the Nobles and Parliaments of 50 E. 3. rot. Parl. n. 41. 51 E. 3. rot. Parl. n. 9. 36 E. 3. rot. Parl. n. 94. 40 E. 3. rot. Parl. n. 13. 9 R. 2. rot. Parl. n. 14, 15, 16, 17. 11 R. 2. rot. Parl. n. 44.h 13 R. 2. rot. Parl. n. 21, 22, 23, 20 R. 2. rot. Par. n. 30, 31, 32. 21 R. 2. rot. Parl. n. 33. 1 H. 4. rot. Parl. n. 76, 78, 82. 9 H. 4. rot. Parl. n. 25. 4 H. 5. rot. Parl. n. 13. 3 H. 6. (the case of Iohn Earl Marshal,) rot. Parl. n. 11, 12, 13. 11 H. 6. rot. Parl. n. 31. to 36. 33 H. 6. rot. Parl. n. 42, 43, 50. 1, 2 E. 4. rot. Parl. n. 12, 13, 14. 14 E. 4. rot. Parl. n. 24, 25. 17 E. 4. rot. Parl. n. 16. by all Patents, presidents of creating any Princes, Dukes, Earls, Marquesses, Vicounts, Lords, Peers and Barons of Parliament, collected by Mr. Iohn Selden in his Titles of Honor, Book 2. Chap. 5, 6, 7. Mr. William Martyn, Camden, Mills his Catalogue of Honor, Book his Catalogue of Nobility; Augustine Vincent his Dis∣covery of Errours therein, Iames York his Union of Ho∣nour, with others who have written of our English Peers, & Nobility, and Sir Henry Splmas his Glossary, Title Baro, p. 81, 82, 83. & Comes, p. 177, 178. Hence is it, that King Henry the 1. King Iohn, Henry the 3. and Edw. 1. in theiriGreat Charters, and other wriing▪ usually stile them, OMITES & BARONES NOS∣TRI, & MEI; Si quis BARONUM MEORUM vl COMITVM, or DE BARONIBUS MEIS, or NOSTRIS; and Glanvil, l. 8. c. 11. l. 9. c. 1. Huntin∣don Historiarum, l. 5. The Leiger Book of Ramsay, sect. 171. Pope Ncholas in his Epistle to King Ed. the Con∣fessor, with our Lawbooks &k Historians usually stile Page  225them, BARONES REGIS & REGII, & BARONES VESTRI, BARONES SVI, speaking of the King; Rex de IURE BARONIBUS SUIS; And hence we read Ann. 3. H. 3. Fitzh. Prescription 50. this Custem plead∣ed in Barr of a Nuper obiit; Quod si aliquis BARO DO∣MINI REGIS tenens de Rege obisset, et non haberet hae∣redem nisi filias, et primogenita filiae maritatae sunt in vita patris, Dominus Re daret postnatam filiam quae remaneret in haeredtate Paris alicui Militum suorum, cum tota haere∣ditat Patris sui de qua obiisset seseitus, i a quod aliae filiae nihil recprent versus postnatam filiam in vta sua: et om∣nes Reges habuerunt hanc dignitatem à Conquestu. Yea this is such an incommunicable Prerog••ve incident to our Kings alone, that neither the Emperour himself, nor Pope could ever create an English Earl, Baron or Lord of Parliament, nor give him any precedency before o∣ther Lords in England; of which we have a late me∣morable president, in (m) Thomas Arundel of Wardour,lwho being created by the Charter of the Emperour Ro∣dolph the 2. COMES SACRI IMPERII, una cum universa prole atque posteritate legitima mascula et faemi∣nea in infinitum; both for his eminent service in the wars against the Turks and the Nobleness of his. Fami∣ly; yet it was with this special saving in his Paten, Serenissimae tamen Principis et Dominae Elizabethae Reginae Angliae, &c. IURIBUS AC SVPERIORIT ATIBUS SEMPER ILLAESIS ET SALVIS; yet the Queen with the English Barons, would not acknowledg him for an Earl nor Baron in England upon any terms; the Queen resolving; That she would by no means permit any of her sheep, or subjects, to wear the badge, or follow the whistle of any forein Shepherd or Prince, but only her own. In the dbate of which case, it was alleged by the English Peerso

Soius Principis esse (& NON ALTE∣RIUS CUIUSCUNQUE) suis Subditis dignitates destribuere, juxta illud Valeriani Imperatoris; Ea sit tantum dignitas, quae nobis jubentibus sustinetur. E∣jusmodi titulos honorarios nec à Subditis accipiendos,Page  224 nec à Principe admittendos. Principis enim Maje∣stati et Subditorum obsequio multum detrahi, si hono∣res ab exteris accipere permittantur; tacitum enim sidei pactum inter honorantem et honoratum inter∣cedere videri. Hujusmodi titulos illecebras esse oc∣cultas ad animos subditorum à suis principibus ab∣strahendos, &c.
That Reginald Mohun (created Earl of Somerset by the Pope in the reign of Henry the 3.) was never acknowledged to be an Earl by the King and Lords; nor Robert Curson created a Baron of the sacred Empire by Maximilian the Emperor, acknowledged to be a Baron in England by King Henry the 8. or his No∣bles, till he created him a Baron himself by his Charter, without giving him a voice in Parliament, (as King Iames created this Thomas Arundel such a Baron by Pa∣tent) ut unbratlem Baronis et Comitis Sacri Imperii titu∣lum maturè obrueret Some say the Queen committed Arundel for receiving this dignity from the Emperor;* but William Maryn assures us, that Sir Nicholas Clifford and Sir Anth: Shirley, (whom the French King for their Service in the wars, received into the Order of S. Mi∣chael,) were laid in prison at their coming home, char∣ged to resign their robes, and see that their names were blotted out of the French Commentaries. It is the general received opinion of allpLawyers: Civil, Ca∣non, Common Heraulds, and others who have written of Nobility, that none but Emperors, or Kings, can create Dukes, Earls, Marquesses, Lords, Barons and Peers, and that only within their own Dominions: A Rege enim¦eman•• it origo Dgitaum Temporalium; A Rege et Prin∣cipe prostut t derivantur tanquam a fonte, om es Magi∣stratus et Dignitates, qia in eo sunt omnes dignitatum the∣sauri recondi. Ad Regem solum spect at creare Comites & Barones; Princeps solus magnas Dignitates confer at. Non Page  225 dicur vera Nobilitas, vel Baro ex infudation, nisi Principe; as they all unanimously resolve. Hence qBaldus, andrAlciat define a Baron to be one, who hath merum, justumqu imperium in aliquo Castro, Oppidione CONCESSIONE PRINCIPIS. In Bh∣mia, Moravia, ilesia, Lusatia, and other Provin∣ces icorporated to it; Summam ptestem obtinet Rex, et non solum NOBILES, 〈…〉 ET BA∣RONES CREAT, quemadmodum in Silesia ad quatuor primarios BARONATUS nmo admittitur nisi vel ab IM∣PERATORE VEL REGE BOHEMIAE BARO CREATUS VERIT, writessNolden: andtDu∣bravius informs as, that one Honora, primum inter BA∣RONES autoritate. Caesaris Henici (H. the 1.) ad¦um PROCERUM gradum proveb batur, quae nunc BA∣RONES a quercu in Bohemia, appellantur.u Franciscus Capiblancus resolves; BARONUM nomine Comites a∣lisque Titularios compraehendi nos dicimus; Nam istud verbum BARO, est scala et caput DIGNITAIV M¦REGALIUM: And thence he inferrs, DignitasxBARONALIS cum sit Dignitas et caput dignitatum, sp. cificè est tribuenda A PRINCIPE, cujus est eas con∣f••re, cum ab eo fluant et refluant. In France, such Feiffs as are at the Kings pleasure, and by his license erected into Baronies, are the only Territories that give the Title of a BARON: and the Lord thereof is stiled A BARON per le Conge du Prince, as* Mr. Selden proves out of Simon Marion Poydey 9 who addes, That when A BARONY came to the King of France by escheat or otherwise, the Kings git of the BARONY by Charter, made the Patentee A BARON, without other Rules of Creation: After which he proves by theyCode of King Henry the 4. that the Titles and Ho∣nours of a Duke, Marquess, Earls and BARONY, and their prerogatve, A SOLO REGE TRI••I POS¦SVNT. And inzSpain all their great Dignitie Page  228 and Titles of Nobility are not only originally derived from the King; but most of them upon every death, are receiveda again FROM THE KING, though not by any Charter of new Creation, yet by the Kings ac∣knowledgement of them, by adding the titular Name to the heir, who by his own name only, without the addition of his Title, signifies to the King the death of his Ancestor. Therefore doubtless, none but our Kings and Queens alone can create Earls, Lords, or Ba∣ron of Parliament in England, there being no one pre∣sidnt in Aniquity, nor in any Emire or Kingdom in the world (that I remember) to the contrary; and this I conceive to be most clearly resolved in and by the Sta∣tues f 27 H. c. 24 & 31 H. 8. c. 10.

28. That one of the first Brons created by Patent, whose Patent is yet exant, waIhn de Beauchamp Stewrd of the Houshold to King Rchard the 2. whose Patent runs in this form.

Richardus, &c. Sciatis quod pro bonis et gratuitis servitiis quae dilectus et fidelis Mles noster Iohannes de Beauchamp de HOLT,* Senescallus hospitii nostri no∣bis impendit, ac loco per ipsum tempore Coronationis nostrae hucusque impensis, et quem pro Nobis tenere poterit in fururum IN NOSTRIS CONSILIIS & PARLIAMENTIS, necnon pro Nobili et fideli ge∣nere unde dscendi, et pro suis magnisicis sensu et cir∣cumspectione, ipsum Iohannem INUNUM PARIUM A BARONVM REGNI NOSTRI ANGLIAE PRAEFECIMUS. Volentes quod IDEM IOHAN∣NES & HAEREDES MASCULI DE CORPORE SUO EXEUNTES, STATVM BARONIS SVSTI∣NEANT & DOMINI DE BEAUCHAMP, & BARONES DE KIDERMINSTER NUNCUPEN∣TUR. In cujus &c. datum 10 Octobris.

I finde this Iohn Beauchamp only once mentioned in the List of Summons in Claus. 11 R. 2. dors 24. dated 27 die Decembris, within 3. moneths of his creation; where he is stiled only Iohanni Beauchamp de Kider∣minster,Page  229 but neither Dominus de Beauchamp, nor BA∣RO de Kiderminster: After which in the summons of 27 H. 6. till 12 E. 4. one of his posterity was summo∣ned by the stile of Iohn Beauchamp Miles, DOMINUS DE BEAUCHAMP, without the Title of BARO de Kiderminster, expressed in any of the Rolls. For the various significations of the word Baro, and the several kinds or degrees of Barons, you may at leisure consult Bartholomeus Cassanaeus, his Catalogus Gloriae mundi, pars 8. Consid. 15. Calvini Lexicon Juridicum, tit. Ba∣ro; Sir Henry Spelmans Glossarium, De Baronibus Dia∣tribe; William Somners Glossarium, tit. Baro & Baronia, and Mr. Seldens Titles of Honour, part. 2. ch. 5. sect. 51, 52, ch. 2. sect. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. ch. 1. sect. 21, 22. ch. 4. sect. 6, 7. ch. 5. sect. 5. ch. 6. sect. 2. ch. 7. sect. 2. and the several Authors there quoted.

29. That I finde no president of any person created a Baron by special writ, but only one; whereby Henry Bromfleet Knight and the heir males of his body were created Barons of Vescy, by this writ entred after the Names of the Temporal Lords in the summons of Claus. 27 H. 6. m. 26. dorso.

iRex dilecto et fidelissimo Henrico Bromseet Mili∣i, salutem. Cum, &c. (ut supra, usque ibi) Tractatum: (et tum sic) Vobis in fide et ligeantia quibus Nobis tene∣mini, &c. ut supra.) nullatenus omittatis. Volumus enim VOS & HAEREDES VESTROS MASCULOS de corpore vestro legitimè exeuntes BARONES DE VES∣CEY EXISTERE. T. ege apud Westm. vicesimo quarto die Januarii; of a different date from that in the other summons, This special writ and clause of crea∣tion had been meerly void and nugatory, had the gene∣ral writ alone ennobled him and his Posteritie, and them Lords and Barons of Parliament.

Yet notwihstanding this special writ creating him BARON of Vescy; it is observable, that in all the sub∣sequent writs of summons of 28, 29, 31, 33, 38 H. 6. nd 1, 3, 7 E 4. he is alwaies stiled DOMINUS, but ne∣ver Page  230 BARO de VESCY; in any one List or Roll. I find in the Cl. Rolls of 49 H. 3. 23 E. 1. & 6. 7. 8 E. 2. Iohn de Vescy first, and after him William de Vescy sum∣moned amongst other temporal Lords. By which it is evident, that there were Lords and Barons of Vescy (though not so stiled in the Rolls) under these 3. Kings who were summoned to Parliaments; But after the summons of 8 E. 2. there is no mention of them in any Rolls (the Barony escheating for want of issue male, or by attainder, as is probable) till Sir Henry Bromfleet and his issu males were created Barons thereof, by the pre∣mised writ. A sufficient evidence, tht no general writ of summons created any Gentlemen who were summo∣ned to Parliaments, Barons, unless they held Lands by Barony and were Barons by Tenure; there being no Clause or words in the general ordinary writs of Sum∣mons, creating any persons summoned, Earls, Lords or Barons, or giving them these Titles, unless they were Earls, Lords and Barons by Patent or Tenure before their Summons; the writs fliing them onely such as they were when issued to them, and conferring no new Dig∣nity or Title on them; as I have (1) elswhere proved at large.

30. That the most ordinary writs of Summons boh to the Spiritual and Temporal Lords,* Sherifs, and others use only the words Magnates, or Proceres, Magna ibus & Proceribus jointly, or one of them alone without the other, to expresse the Temporal Lords and Nobles, without the word Barones, or Baronibus, which very rarely occur in any writs, except only in the wits to the Sherifs, Caus. 24 E. 3. d. 7. and the writs of Cl. 28 E. 1. d. 3. Claus. 5 E. 3. d. 25. & 12 E. 3. pars 2. d. 32. wherein the word BARONES is mentioned in some of them, and this Clause Cum Comitibus, BARO∣NIBUS, & caeteris Proceribus, or Magnatibus Regni nostri, used in others of them, upon extraordinary occasions; bu in no writs besides to my best remem∣brance; which run usually; Cum Praelatis et caeteris Pro∣ceribus,Page  231 or Magnatibus, or Proceribus et Magnatibus di∣cti regni tractaturi, vestrumque Consilium impensuri; without the word BARONIBUS. Which being not so much as once mentioned in these ordinary (but only in 2. or 3. extraordinary) writs, it is most evident to all, that the issuing of such writs to any Knights, Esquires, or Gentlemen, to summon them to Parliaments, can neither create nor constitute them Barons by writ; be∣cause they neither stile them (nor any of the Lords and Nobles, (but those two forementioned) arons, nor use the word BARO at all; but only Proceres, or Mag∣nates.

31. It is evident by all these writs, That the antient temporal Earls, Lords, Barons, are most essential necessa∣ry constitutive Members of our English Parliaments and Great Councils, to which they alwaies were, and ought of right to be summoned; and that no Parlia∣ment may or ought to be summoned or held without them, since both the writs to themselves, as likewise to the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Sherifs of Counties, and Particular Cities and Corporations which are Counties within themselves, the Wardens of the Cinque Ports, Justices and other Assistants, in the bodies and essential parts of them, at least once, twice, or more frequently thus recite;

Quia, &c. ordinayimus quoddam Parliamentum apud We••m. &c. CUM PROCERIBUS, or MAGNATIBUS, or MAGNATIBUS ET PROCERIBUS dicti regni nostri tenere, &c. personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, et cum caeteris, or cum PROCERIBUS, MAGNA∣TIBUS, or MAGNATIBUS & PROCERIBUS, prae∣dictis super dictis negoiis tractaturi, vestrum{que} Con∣silium impensuri:
Which I having more largely e∣videnced in my Plea for the Lords, and House of Peers, shall here no further insist on.

32. That sometimes the King summoned some par∣ticular Bishops and Lords to treat with him about pub∣like businesses by writ, much like to a summons to Page  232 Parliament, without summoning other Lords, for which take this president in lieu of more.

Cl. 6 E. 2. d. 5. Rex venerabili in Christo Patri ea∣dem gratia Bathon. et Wellen. Episcopo salutem. Quia pro diversis arduis negotiis Nos et terram Vasconiae tangentibus in brevie ad partes Franciae, concedente Domino, sumus profecturi, ac vobiscum super aliqui∣bus quae Nos tangunt ante passagium nostrū ad partes praedictas habere volumus Colloquium et tractatum. Vobis mandamus in fide et dilectione quibus Nobis tenemini firmiter injungentes, quod omnibus aliis praetermissis sitis ad Nos apud Cant. die Jovis prox. ante festum Ascensionis Domini prox. futur. super praemis∣sis Nobiscum tractaturi. Et hoc sicut Nos et hono∣rem nostrum diligitis et indignationem nostram vita∣re volueritis nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Westm. 3. die Maii. Consim. Breve dirigitur Dom. H. Wynton Episcopo. The like Episcopo Norwich, Wal∣tero de Thorp, Gilberto de Middleton. T. ut supra, to come to the King apud Dover, another day.

33 It is most apparent by these respective Clauses twice recited in all antient and modern writs of sum∣mons to the Spiritual & Temporal Lords, & 4 or 5 times in the writs of Prorogation & Resummons to them (here∣after cited Section 7.) Vobiscum & cum caeteris Praelatis (or) cum Praelatis et caeteris Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni habere volumus (or proponimus) Colloquium & Tractatum. Vobis mandamus, &c. quod personaliter ad dictos diem & locum intersitis, Nobiscum et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus et Proceribus dicti regni super dictis negotiis tractaturi, vestrumque Consilium impensuri: which make not the least mention of their sitting, treating, or consulting with the Knights, Citizens, Burgesses or Commons of the Realm, or of theirs with the Lords. And by the like Clauses in the writs of Summons to the Kings Counsil, and in the writs issued to Sheriffs for electing Knights, Citizens and Burgesses: The first part whereof recites, Quia nos de avisamento et assensu Con∣silii Page  233 nostr, &c. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud W. &c. tneri ordinavimus, et ibidem cum Praelatis, Magnati∣bus & Proceribus dicti regni nostri Colloquiū abere et Tra∣ctatu (without mentioning any Conference or Treaty at all of the Commons jointly with the Prelats, Lords & Great men in the Parliament) who by the writ are to be elected, reurned, summoned, impowred only; Ad faciendum et consentiendum hiis, quae tunc ibidem de Com∣muni Consilio regni nostri, or Praelatorum, Magnatum & Procerum dicti regni nostri (divina favente Clementia, con∣tigerit ordinari. That the Lords and Commons nevr sate and consulted together as one intire House in the Parliaments of England, since their first Summons to our Parliaments, but that the alwaies sate and consul∣ted asunder one from the other: Therfore Sir Edw. Cook his over-confident Assertion (without any real ground of Authority or reason) in his 4. Institutes, p. 4. Certain it is, that at the first both Houses ate together; as it appea∣reth by Modus tenendi Parliamentum (which directly avers the contrary, Sect. 15, 16▪ 17, 27.) and by 5 E. 3. n. 3. other places of the same Roll, and in 6 E. 3. in divers places it appeareth, that the Lords and Commons sate together; (when as both those Parliament Rolls and o∣thers uner Ed. 3. expresly evidence the contrary, as I have* elsewhere fully evidenced) must be exploded as Apochryphal, and enumerated amongst his other mi∣stakes.

34 That the Temporal Lords could not impose any Tax, Aid or Subsidy upon the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors and Spiritual Lords or Clergy without or against their particular grants or assents in Convocation, no more than the Spiritual Lords and Clergy could impose any Aids or Taxes upon the Temporal Lords and Com∣mons; as I have formerly evidenced (p. 113. to 120. 148, 149, 153, 154, 155.) For further evidence where∣of I shall hereunto subjoyn this ensuing memorable writ, casuall omitted out of the first Section, pag. 31. where it should have been placed.

Page  234 Clau. 4 d. 3. m. 3. dorso.*

Rex venerabili in Christo Pari S. eadem gratia Archiepiscopo Cantuar. totius Angliae Primati, salutem. A vestra memoria non excidit, ut speramus, qualiter nuper apud Elham in prae∣sentia vestra et aliorum Praelatorum et Procerum de regno nostro, quos tunc ibidem pro magnis et arduis nego iis nostris fecimus congregari, exposita uerunt inter alia, negotia contingentia Nos et Regem Franciae; et post diligentem tractatum inde habitum, tam vobis quam ipsis videbatur, quod pro pace habenda cum ipso Rege, esset omnibus modis et viis quibus posumus ex∣haeredtionis periculo (obviare) insistend. Et si foran idē Rex vias Pacis rationabiles recusart, et ad exhaere∣dationem nostram quoad Ducatum praedictum, et alias terras quas habemus subDominio suo, nieretur, quod ad defensionem nostram contra ipsū cū Dei adjutorio vires nostras opponere deberemu. E ad hoc, tam vos, quam c•••eri Praelai 〈◊〉 Magnates, tunc ibidem existen. prae∣buistis consilium, et promisistis opem et auxilium op∣ponere oportunium. Et suer hoc concordatum existi, quod Pariamentum nostrum apud Wynton, ad diem Do∣minicam prox. ante festum Sancti Gregori Papae prox. prae erium summoneri fcerimus. Verum, quia in eo∣dem Prliamento expositis negotiis supradictis, habita∣que deliberaione super modo et forma defensionis contra potentiam ipsius Regis, si forsan dictas terras no∣stras invadere voluerit, apponendo petitoque sigillatim a q••liber Praelto et Magnate, CUIVSMODI SUB∣SIDIUM NOBIS IN EODEM EVENU FACERE VOLEBAT, ac Comitibus et BARONIBUS volun∣tatem in ea parte Nobis benevole exponenibus, dicti Praelati responderu••, quod proper absentiam vestram eorum responsum tunc facere nequiverunt, sed IN CONVOCATIONE ea de causa facienda taliter face∣re volebant, quod inde contentari deberemus. Nos igitur ad pericula et dampna quae non solum nobis, sed etiam vobis, et toto regno nostro evenire poterunt, si praefatus Rex Nobis guerram movere voluerit, ut est Page  235 dictum, nisi de bona et forti resistenia providau, ••∣bitae considerationis inuitum diigentes, attendenes quoque quod ad hoc non solum ex Ligeantiae debio, sed etiam pro tantis et tam ine••imabi ibus evitandis periculis, Vos et caeteri Praelati atuqe Clerus regni nostri manus apponere tenemini adjurices; Vobis mandamus rogantes, quainus ad diem Lunae prox. post sestum Sanctorum Tiburt•• & Valeriani prox futur: con∣venire fac. omnes Praelatos, tam Religiosos, quam ali∣os, totumqu Cerum vestrum Cantuar. Provinciae co∣ram Vobis, eisque dicta negotia et peicula imminen∣tia seriosius exponere studeatis. Inducentes eos modis et viis quibus expedire videiis, quod tantae necessi∣tatis articulo TALE NOBIS SUBSIDIVM FA∣CIANT, pro tantis periculis evitandis, quod per vestrum et ipsorum subventionem, jura et honorem nostri et totius regni nostri conservare, ipsosque et to∣tum populum nostrum ab hostium incrsibus ueri, et protegere valeamus domino nobis assistente. Mitte∣mus autem ad vos ad iem et locum praedictos quosdam de fidelibus nostris, ad praemi sa prosequenda & ieri curanda prout eis tunc ex parte nostra injungetur. Teste Rege apud Winton, 18 die Marcii. Anno Regni nostri quarto.

35. That the Lords in Prliament were the usual *Iudges not only in all Crminal, and Civil Causes and writs of Error, but likewise in all cases of Precedency, and Controversies concrning Peers and Peerage, as is e∣vident not only by the memorble prsidents of 3 H. 6. rot Parl. n. 10. to 14. 27 H. 6. rot. Parl. n. 19. 14 E. 4. rot. Par. n. 25. in Controversies of this Nature there recorded; but by these two presidents of laer times re∣membred by Mr. Cambde.

In the* Parliament of 39 Eliz. Anno 1597. Thomas Baron de la Ware peiioned the Queen to be restored to his ancint place and eat in Parliamen, whose case was this. His father, William, by judgement of Parli∣ment in the reign of Edward the 6. for endeavouring to Page  236 poyson his Unkle the Lord de la Ware, to gain his inhe∣ritance and honour; was disabled to enjoy any inheri∣tance or honour that might descend to him by his Un∣kles death: Afterwards in Queen Maries reign he was condemned of High Treason; and not long after intirely restored, as if he had not been condemned. Being disabled by his first Sentence to inherit his Unkles ho∣nor, upon his death, he was by Queen Elizabths special Favour and Letters Patents, created Baron de la Ware de novo, and sat only as a younger Baron then newly crea∣ted, during his life; After his death, his son petitioning, to enjoy the place of his Ancestors in Parliament, the Queen referred the business to the Lords in Parliament; who fin∣ding the judgement against William his Father, to be only personal, and not to bind his children, and that the judgement given against him under Queen Mary, was no obstacle, both because he could not lose that Digni∣ty and Honor by it, which then he had not (his Unkle being then alive) and because he was soon after intirely restored; and for that the anient Dignity and Barony was not extinct by his new Creation, but only suspended during his life, being not vested in him at the time of his late Creation; the Lords thereupon, locum i avi∣tum ADJUDICAVERUNT inter Barones Willough∣beium de Eresby, & Berkleium, in quo ritè locatur. In the same Parliament, it was resolved by the Lords in the case of Thomas Howard Baron of Walden, Knight of the Grter; who being sick and unable to come to the House himself, Baron Scroop, as his Proxy, was brought into the Lords House in his Parliamentary Robes be∣tween two Barons, the chief King of Arms going before him; where presenting his Patent and Creation, when the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal had read it, he was placed below all the rest of the Barons, though he were the younger son of a Duke, whose sons by an Order of Parliament made in the 6. year of King Henry the 8. ought to take place of all Viscounts, and other Barons, which the Lords then resolved, to be intended out of Page  237 Prliament, but they ought to sit in the Parliament house only according to the time of their being created Barons; as Mr. Cambden relates out of the Lords Iurnal.

36. That the Prelates, Earls, Barons and Great men of the Realm,* are the Proper Iudges of all Causes and Controversies there debaed between the King and his peo∣ple, and are all bound by Oath, as well as the King, to ob∣serve, defend and maintain the rights of the Realm and Crown of England; and that more especially by their Oath of Fealty and Homage, whereby they were tied to the King, and charged to appear when summoned in the writs of summons, as you may read more at large * before, in Spelmans Glossarium, Tit. Fidelitas, Homagi∣um, & ligeantia, and in* Mat. Paris, who records, A. 1209. that K. Iohn caepit HOMAGIA de omnibus homi∣nibus liberè tenentibus et etiam duodecim annorum pueris, quos omnes post FIDELIT ATEM FACTAM in osculum pacis recepit ac demsit. Et Wallenses (quod anteactis tem∣poribus fura inauditum) venientes ad Regem HOMAGIA fecerunt ibidem, licet tam divitibus, quam pauperibus es∣set oerosum. Then passing into Ireland with a great Army, there came to Dublin to meet him, plus quàm viginti Reguli illius regionis, qui omnes timore maximo perter iti HOMAGIUM ILLI ET FIDELITATEM FECERUNT, as the* highest Obligation of their future Loyalty, fidelity and subjection to him. Upon which Account, Homage is frequently stiled HOMAGIUM LIGEUM, LIGEANTIA & LIGANIA, by Bracton, l. 2. c. 35. f. 79. Glanvil, l. 7. c. 10. Guliclmus Neubrigensis, Hist. l. 2. c. 37. Chron.* Iohannis Brom∣ton, col. 1005. Fleta, l. 3. c. 16. Britton, ch, 68. De Ho∣mages, Custumar. Vetus Normanniae, c. 43. Cooks 7 Rep. Calvins case, f. 7. 1. Instit. f. 65. a. Hornes Myrrour des Iustices, ch. 35, 36, 37, 38. Spelmans Glossarium, Homagium & Ligeantia; because i most strictly unites and binds the King and his Subjects together, hunc, ad protectionm & justum Regimen; illos, ad reverentiam, tributa et dbitam Subjectionem, t obed••ntiam, as they Page  238 resolve; whereupon the Lords are enjoyned in their writs of summons personlly to appear in Parliaments and Great Councils, in fide & homagio QUIBUS NOBIS TENEMINI, as I formerly observed.

37. That the nmbers of Earls, Barons, Temporal Lords and Great men summoed to our Parliaments and Great Councils, andentred after the Eodem modo, and Consimiles literae in the Rolls and Lits of Summons are oft times very various and different; there be∣ing many more of them summoned to some Parlia∣ments and Great Council than to others, as you may easily discern by comparing their Numbers, which I have here presented you with in the grosse after eve∣ry writ; the Prince of Wales himself, the Duke of Lan∣caster, and other Dukes, and Earls, as well as inferior Lords, Barons and Great men, being left out of some Lists of Summons, one, two, or three Parliaments and Great Councils together, or more; and then inserted again into others; the true reasons whereof I appre∣hend to be these ensuing.

1. Their absence in forein parts or elswhere in the warrs, or pon other special services of the King; in which cases no wrts of Summons issued to them; and if their names were entred in the Lists of the summons, they were usually cancelled or rased out of them; wit∣ness the* forecited entrys, in the Lists o Claus. 11 E. 3. pars 2. dors. 11. And Claus. 12 E. 3. pars 3. dors. 32.

2ly. Their abode* beyond the Seas upon their own particular occasions, Both which causes frequently happened during the wars with France, Scotland, and Ireland; and whiles our Kings and Nobles had any Lands and Possessions in France, Aquitain, Normandy, Anjow, Picardy, and other parts beyond the Seas. Ma∣ny of the Earls, Lords, Barons, Great men, and our Kings themselves being oft times by reason of Warrs, Treaties, Embassies, and defence of their Inheritances, absent in forein parts, when Parliaments were summo∣ned and held in England by the Custos Regni, or Com∣missioners;Page  239 at which times I generally finde there were fewer Earls, Barons and Noblemen summoned to our Parliaments and Great Councils, than in times of Peace, or when our Kings were personally present in England, most of the Earls and Temporal Lords attending on them in person in their wrrs and voyages into forein parts, as on Ed. 3 H. 4 5, & 6.

3ly. The Civil wars hapning now and then between the King, Lords and Barons: upon which occasion some of the Temporal Lords whiles in open hostility and re∣bellion against the King, were now and then (as I con∣jecture) left out of the Lists of Summons, because they could not be conveniently summoned, or would not ap∣pear upon any summons if sent them.

4ly. The attainders, or Outlawries of some Earls, Lords and Barons of High Treason for their wars, In∣surrections, Rebellions, or other Treasons against the King; which disabled themselves and their Posterities to be summoned to Parliaments, till pardoned▪ or re∣stored by the King to thei honours, bloud, Lordships, Baronies and Lnds.

5ly. The Alieation of some Baronies by teure, by sales, gifts, marriages, escheats, or otherwise from one person, name, family to another, whereby the former Barons only by Tenure, were no more summoned after such Alienations, but the new Tenants who purchased or possessed them.

6ly. The deceases of some Earls, Lords and Barons without heirs males of their Bodies, or the Infancy or nonage of their heirs males at the time of their death, who usually had no writs of summons till their* full age; though the Prince of Wales, and Kings own sons were sometimes summoned to Parliaments during their Mi∣nority, as will appear by comparing the dates of their wris with the time of their births mentioned in our Historians, but few Nobles else were summoned during their Minority, for ought appears,* Minors being unfi to be Senators, Counselors, Judges in the Supremest Page  240 Council▪ Judicaure of the Realm, as I have* elsewhere proved.

7ly. Our Kings Liberty and Prerogative; who though obliged by the anient Laws and customs of the Realm, the Con••iutions of Clarindon, the Great Charter of King Iohn, (* Ad habendum COMMUNE CONSILIUM REGNI a Auxiliis assidendis et de Scutagiis assidendis, 〈◊〉 faciemus Archiepiscopos, Episcopos, Abbates, COMITES & MAIORES BARONES REGNI SINGILLATIM PER LITER AS NOSTRAS, &c.) & ex debito Iustitiae (as* Sir Edward Cook informs us,) to summon EVERY ONE OF THE TEMPORAL LORDS BY DESCENT OR CREATION being of full age, by writs to our Parliaments when held; yet they have likewise a Freedom and Prerogative to create New Earls, Lords, Barons by special Writs or Patents, or to Summon what particular Gentlemen and others of Parts and Abilities they please to their Parliaments and Great Councils, to counsel and advise them, as the exi∣gency of their affairs shall require, and they and their Counsel shall think necessary, pro hac vice tantum, or so oft as they deem necessary, without creating them Earls, Lords, or Barons for life or inheritance, by their general writs of Summons, as I have* elswhere eviden∣ced.

38. That the Eodem mod mandatum est, &c. And Con∣similes literae diriguntur subscriptis, in the Clause Rolls, are for the most part general, without defining the De∣grees and Qualities of the persons underwritten, except Dukes and Earls (specified by their Titles) but few else besides them. And sometimes special: As Eodem modo mandatum est Comitibus et Baronibus subscriptis,* Consi∣mile mandatum habent singuli Comites, BARONES, & MILITES subscripti. Consimiles Literae diriguntur Co∣mi••bus, BARONIBUS & MILITIBUS SUBSRIP∣TIS. So as it is a difficult matter certainly to define by the large list of names, which of them were real Lords and Barons of Parliament, and which not, except Page  241 those only who were usually summoned and listed in the Rolls amongst the Lords and Barons, and their po∣sterity after them; or such who are expresly stiled ei∣ther Barons or Lords in the writs or lists of names, of which I shall give you one instance. In the summons of Claus. 5 E. 2. m. 25. dorso. in the Eod•• modo man∣datum est Comitibus et Baronibus subscriptis, there is this List of names, with a particular distinction made of their Degrees in the Margin; declaring all in that Catalogue, to be Earls and Barons; and in no Roll else upon my best observation.

  • Guidoni de Bello Campo Comiti Warr.
  • Adamaro de Valen. Comiti Pembr.
  • Hmfrido de Bohun. Comiti Heref. & Essex.*
  • Iohanni de Warenna Comiti surr.
  • Edmundo Comiti Arundel.
  • Roberto de Veer Comiti Oxon.
  • Hugoni de Veer
  • Hugoni le Dispenser
  • Iohanni de Hastings.
  • Ioh. de Gifford de Brimes∣feld
  • Willo Martyn
  • Iohanni de Ferrar.
  • Willo. de Mareschall.
  • Roberto de Clifford.
  • Iohanni de Somery.
  • Roberto Fil. Pagan.
  • Iohanni Botetourte.
  • Roberto fil. Walteri.
  • Pagano Tybetot.
  • Bartho. de Badlesere.
  • Iohanni de Segrave:
  • Pho. de Kye.
  • Edmundo Deincourt.
  • Iohanni de Grey.
  • Rico. de Grey.
  • Iohanni la Ware.
  • Willo. de Echingham.
  • Thomae de Furnivall.*
  • Iohanni de Clavering.
  • Peero Corbet.
  • Rado. Basset de Draiton.
  • Iohanni Dengaine (Engayne)
  • Fulconi Lestrange.
  • Willo. le Latymer.
  • Fulconi fil. Warrini.
  • Roberto de Ufford.*
  • Iohanni de Bello Campo de
  • Somerset.
  • Hugoni de Courtenay.
  • Rado. de Gorges.
  • Henr. de Lancastr.
  • Mauricio de Berkele.
  • Thomae Bardolfe
  • Roberto de Monte alt.
  • Iohanni de Moh••.
Page  242

An exact Alphabetical and Chronological Table of all Dukes, Earls, Marquesses, Princes of Wales, and forein Kings summoned to the Great Councils and Parliaments of England, from 49 H. 3. to 23 E. 4. with the numbers of the Parliaments, years, and dorses of the clause Rolls of each King (when there were two or more Parliaments in one year) to which they were summoned, or re∣summoned by Writs of Prorogation; p. in the pa∣rentheis signifying the part, d. the dorse, and the next figures, the membranaes of the dorse or dorses wherein they are recorded. The other dorses you may find in the forecited Writs.

    A
  • ALbemariae, Thomas Duke of Albemarl, or Au∣marle (Uncle to K. R. d 2.) summoned to Parl. 9 R. 2. Edward Duke thereof, 21, 23, R. 2. & 1 H. 4. Thomas Duke of Clarence, Earl of Albemarle, so stiled in his summons, 1, 2, 3, 4 H. 5.
  • A••gos, Angos, Danego, or Anguish, Gilbert de Vm∣fravil, Earl thereof summoned to Parl. An. 25 (d. 25.) 27, (d. 16, 18.) 28 (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 9. 12.) 33, 4, 5, Ed. 1. 1 (d. 11. 19.) Ed. 2. Robert de 〈◊〉 Earl thereof summoned, 2, 3. 12, (d. 11. 29.) 1, 14, (d. 5. 2.) 15, 16, 17, 18. (d. 5. 21, 23. 34▪) . 2. Gilb••t de Umfrvil 6, (d. 4, 9, 19. 36.) 7, 8, 9. (d 8. 28.) 10, (d. 1, 5.) 12, 13, (d. 1. 28.) 14, (d. 23, 33.) 15. 16, (d. 13, 39) 17, 18▪ 20, 21, 22, (d. , 7. 〈◊〉.) 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, (d. 7, 8.) 1, (d. 2. 21.) 32, 33, 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 49, (d. 4, 6.) 50 E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13, 29.) 3, Page  243 (d. 13, 29.) 3. (d. 32) R. 2. All these, 3 Umfra∣vils, though the Title of their Earldom was Scotish, were all originally English Barons of Prodhow & Kime in Lancashire, and summoned to Parliament as Ba∣rons, though listed amongst the Earls, by reason of their Scotish Dignity; as you may read at large in Augustin Vincns Discovery of Errors in Mr. Brook his Catalogue of Noblity, p. 10, 11, 12. Mr. Cambden, Scotland, p. 45. and here p. 21 2. which will rectifie the mistake in Brooks Abridgement, Title Parlia∣ment, 84. The last of them dying without Heirs males in 4 R. 2. they ceased to be summoned.
  • Aquitain, Ioh Duke theref, and of Lancaster, summoned by that Title, Cl. 15, 16, 17, 20, 21 R. 2. See Lancaster.
  • Arundel, Rich. Fitz▪ Alan. Earle thereof summoned 23, (d. 9.) 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 16, 18,) 28, (d. 3, 17.) E. 1. Edmund Earl of Arundel summoned, 34 E. 1. 1, (d. 8, 9, 11, 19.) 2, (d. 11, 14, 20,) 3, (d. 16, 17.) 4, 5, (d. 11, 17, 25.) 6, (d, 3.) 7, (d. 16, 27.) 8, (d. 19. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8, 14.) 12, (d. 11, 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5, 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 20.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5, 15, 21, 34,.) 19, (d. 27.) E. 2. Richard 5 E, 3. (d. 7, 25. pars 2. (d. 7.) 6, (d. 4, 9, 19, 36.) 7, (d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d. 1, 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 40.) 12, (d. 32.) 13, (d. 3. 28.) 14, (d. 33.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39. p. 2. d. 13.) 18, (d. 14.) 21, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 9.) 22. (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3, 7.) 23, (d. 23.) 24, (d. 3.) 25, (d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28. (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 33, (d. 10.) 34, (d. (d. 4. 35,) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9, 10, 11.) 47 (d. 15.) 50, (d. 6.) Ed. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13, 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 12.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10, 37.) 8, 9, 10, 11, (d. 13, 24.) 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, Page  244 19, 20 R. 2. homas, 1, 2, 3, 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4. 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 14 H. 4. 1, 2, 3 H. 5. Iohn 4 H. 5. Richard 1, 2. 3 H. 6. William summoned, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 38, 49 H. 6. 7, 9, 12, 22, & 23 E. 4.
  • Athol. A. Writ, Iohanni Comiti Athol. Custoditerrae Re∣gis Scotiae ultra mare, to summon others in Scotland, 33 (d. 0.) E 1. David de Strabolgi Earl of Athol, summoned to Parliaments, 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 15, 21, 34.) 20 (d. 2.) E. 2. 4, (d. 13, 38, 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 4. 9, 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 14.) E. 3. David 35, (d. 36) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) Ed. 3. These Davids de Strabol••, were Barons of Mitford in England, though the Title of their Earldom was Sco∣tish, and summoned thus to Parliaments in respect of this English Barony, though listed amongst the Earls, as you may read in Mr. Brook his Catalogue of Nobi∣lity, and Augustin Vincent his Discovery of the Errors therein, p. 36, 37, 38. to whom I refer you, both for their pedigre and death, without heirs males.
    B
  • BEdford, Ingeram de Couy Earl thereof summoned to Parl. 43 E. 3. d, 24. Iohn Duke of Bedford summoned, 2, 3, 4, 5, H. 5. 4, 11, 13 H. 6.
  • Boughan (in Scotland) Henry de Bellomone, (Beau∣mont) Earl thereof summoned, 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 8. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8, 15. p. 2. d. 11. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14 (p. 1. d. 23.) E. 3. See Vincent, p. 5.
  • Buckingham, Thomas de Wodestoke Earl thereof, and Constable of England summoned, 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13, 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 12.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35) R. 2. Humfrey Duke thereof summoned, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29. 31, 33, 38 H. 6. Henry Duke thereof summoned, 22 & 23 (d. 10.) E. 4.
    Page  245C
  • CAmbridge (Cantabrigiae) Edmund (Son to King Edward 3.) Earl thereof summoned, 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d. 4, 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6,) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13, 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 7, (d. 10, 37.) 8, (d. 35.) R. 2. Richard Earl thereof summo∣ned, 2 (d. 16,) H. 5.
  • Cantiae. See Kent.
  • Cestriae (Chester) Edward Pince of Wales, (eldest Son of K. . 1.) Earl of Chester, and so stiled in the Writs of Summons, 30 (d. 8. 13.) E. 1. (Edward eldest Son of K. E. 2. Prince of Wles, Earl thereof summoned, 14 (d. 23.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5, 15, 21, 24.) E. 2. Edward Son of Edward 3. Prince of Wales, 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28 (d. 6.) E. 3. Richard Prince of Wales, 50 (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. See Prince of Wales.
  • Clarence, Thomas Duke thereof summoned, 1. (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 26. H. 5.) George Duke thereof summouned, 49 H. 6. (d. 6.) 7, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) E. 4.
  • Cornwall, Edmunarl thereof summoned, 23, (d. 3, 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) 17, (d. 9. 16, 18.) 28, (d. 17.) . 1. Pter de Gaveston, Earl thereof summoned, 1, (d. 8. 11.) 3, (d. 16, 17.) E. 2. Iohn de Eltham the Kings Brother) Earl thereof summoned, 4 (d. 1, 32, 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 4, 9, 19, 36.) 7▪ (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8, 18.) E. 3. Ed∣ward Prince of Wales, Duke of Conwall summoned, 24, (p. 2. d. 33.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28 (d. 16.) E. 3. Richard Prince of Wales, and Duke of Cornwall summoned, 50 (p. 2. d. 6.) 〈…〉. See Prince of Wales.
    Page  246D
  • DErby, the Earl thereof summoned, 49 (d. 11.) d. 3. Henry de Lancaster, Earl thereof summoned, 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15, p. 2. d. 11, 40.) 14, (p. 2. d. 33.) 16, (p. 1. d. 30.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18 (p. 1. d. 14.) E. 3. Henry de Lancaster, Earl thereof summoned, 9, (d. 45,) 10, (d. 42.) 11. (d. 13, 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15. (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17 (d. 0.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 1, (p. 1. d. 27.) R. 2.
  • Devon. Hugh de Countenay Earl thereof summoned, 9 (d. 8, 28.) 10, (d. 1, 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 11, 40) 12, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23, 33.) 15, p. 1. d 37.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 20, (p. 2, d. 22.) 21, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3, 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 1. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d, 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, (d. 14.) 33, (d. 10.) 34, (d. 4, 35.) 36, (d. 16) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 4. (d. 23.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9▪ 10, 11.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50 (p. 2. d. 6.) . 3. Edward de Courteney, Earl of Devon. summoned, 2, (d. 13, 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4▪ (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 37, 40.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 31.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23 (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3▪ (d. 17.) 5▪ (d. 28.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. .) 14 (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d. 11.) 7 (d. 9.) H. 5. Hugh Courteny Earl thereof summoned, 8, (d. 2.) 9 (d. 13.) H. 5. Thomas Earl thereof summo∣ned, 15, (d. 18.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31▪ (d. 36.) 33 (d. 30.) H. 6. Henry Earl thereof summoned, 38▪ (d. 30.) H. 6.
  • Dorset, Iohn Beauford, created Marquess Dorset,Page  247 summoned by this Tile, 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23 (d. 3.) R. 2. 1 (d. 37.) H. 4. Thomas Beauford Earl there∣of summoned, 2 (d. 16.) 4, (d. 1, 6.) H. 5. Edward Earl thereof summoned, 20, (d. 17.) made Marqess Dorset, and thus summoned, 22 (d. 21.) H. 6. Thomas Marquess Dorset summoned, 22, & 23 (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Dublin, Iohn de Vere Marquess thereof summoned, 10. (d. 42.) R. 2.
    E
  • EBor. See York.
  • Essex, Humfry and Iohn Bohun, successively Earls of Hereford and Essex summoned. See Hereford, Henry Earl of Essex summoned, 49 (d. 6.) H. 6. 2, (d. 3.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) 22 & 23 (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Ewe in Normandy, Henry Bourgchier, Earl thereof summo∣ned, 13 (d. 2.) H. 6. See Brook and Vincent p. 149. &c. in E. We.
  • Exeter, Iohn Holland Duke thereof summoned, 21, (p. 1. d. 17.) 23 (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2 (d. .) H. 4.
  • Thomas Duke of Exeter summoned, 5, (d. 11.) H. 5, 1, (d. 22.) 2, (d. 18.) 3, (d. 9.) 4, (d. 15.) H. 6. Hen∣ry Duke thereof summoned, 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d▪ 16.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 39.) H. 6.
    G
  • GLoucester, Gilb, de Clare, Comes Gloucestr. & Hert∣ord, summoned, 23 (d. 9.) E. 1. Radulphus de Monte Hermerii, Comes Gloucestriae, summoned, 27, (d. 16, 18.) 28, (d. 3, 17.) 30, (d. 8, 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34 (d. 2.) E. 1. Gilbert de Clare Com. Gloucestr. & Heref. summoned, 1. (d. 8, 11.) 2, (d. 11. 14, 26.) 3, (d. 16, 17.) 4, (d 11.) 5, (d. 11, 17, 25.) 6, (d. 3, 31.) 7, (d. 16 Page  248 27.) E. 2. Hugo de Audele, Audeley, Comes Glouce∣stiae, summoned, 11, (p. 1. d. 8, 15. p. 2. d. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d, 32.) 13, (d. 2. d. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d. 2, 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p, 1. d. 39.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 20, (p. 2. d. 22.) E. 3. Thomas Dux Gloucestriae, the Kings Uncle, sum∣moned, 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13, 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) R. 2. Thomas de Le Spencer, Coms Gloucestr. summoned, 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23 (d. 3.) R. 2. 1 (d. 37.) H. 4. Hum∣frey Dux Gloucestriae, summoned, 2, (d. 11.) 3, (d. 15) 4 (d. 16.) H. 5. 1, (d. 22.) 2, (d. 18.) 3, (d. 9.) 4, (d. 15.) 5, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 14, (d. 2.) 15, d. 18.) 16, (d. 33.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25 (d. 24.) H. 6. Richard Dux Glou∣cestriae, summoned, 9, (d. 3.) 12. (d. 41.) 22, & 23 (d. 10.) E. 4.
    H
  • HEreford, Humfry de Bohun. Earl of Hereford, and Essex sumoned, 23, (d. 3, 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 6.) 〈◊〉 (d. 3, 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. ▪ 21.) 34 d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8, 11, 1.) 2, (d. 〈◊〉, 14, 20.) 3, (d. 16, 17.) 4, (d. 3.) 5, (d. 11 17, 25.) 6, (d. 3, 1.) 7, (d. 16, 27.) 8, (d. 9, 35.) 9 (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8, 12, 19.) 1, (d. 11, 9.) 13, (d. 17.) 14 (d. 5, 29.) E. 2. John de Bohn. Earl oHereford and Essex, summoned, 20, (d. 4) E. 2, 1 (p. 2. d. 11, 16.) 2, (d. 15, 23, 31.) 4, (d. 13, 32, 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7, 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 4, 9, 19, 6.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 28.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) E. 3. Humfry de Bohun. Earl of Hereford and Essex, and of Hereford and Northampton, 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8, 15. p. 2. d. 11, 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 16, (p. 2, d. 22.) 20, (p. 2.) 22. Page  249 21, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 2. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3, 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 6.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) E. 3.
  • Hertford, Earls thereof. See Gloucester.
  • Huntingdon, William de lynon, Earl thereof summoned, 11. (p. 2. d. 11, 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23, 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39. p. 2. d. 13.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14,) 20, (p. 2. d. 22.) 21, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d 32. p. 2. d. 3, 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27. (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) E. 3. Guiscard de Angle, Or D'angle Earl there∣of summoned, 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13, 29.) 3, (d. 32.) R. 2. Iohn de Holland. Earl thereof summoned, 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d. 25.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) R. 2. Iohn de Holland, Earl thereof sum∣moned, 7, (d. 2.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 18.) 20, (d. 27.) H. 6. William, Earl thereof summoned, 22, & 23 (d. 10.) E. 4.
    I
  • IReland, Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland summoned, 11; (d. 24.) R. 2.
    K
  • KArliol Andrew de Harcla, Earl thereof; summoned 16, (d. 11. 26.) E. 2.
  • Kendal, Iohn Duke of Bedford, Earl thereof summoned, 2, (d. 16) H. 5.
  • Kent, (Cantiae.) Edmond (the Kings Brother,) Earl there∣of summoned, 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 36.) 17, (d. 27.) 20. (d. 4) E. 2. (The Kings Uncle) 1. Page  250 (p 2. 11. 1.) 2. (d. 15. 23. 31.) 4. (d. 41. E. 3. John Earl thereof summoned▪ 22. (p. 2. d. 3.) 25. (p. 1. d. 5.) 26. (d. 14.) E. 3. Thomas Earl thereof sum∣moned. 34. (d. 4.) E. 3. Thomas de Holland Earl thereof (Brother to the King) summoned, 4. (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6. (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 9.) 20▪ (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) (R. 2. Edward, Earl thereof summoned, 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) H. 4. Edward Earl of Kent summoned, 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41) 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • King of Castil, Leon and Arragon (Iohn Duke of Lan∣caster:) See Lancaster.
  • King of Scots, Edward de Balliolo, King thereof summon∣ed, 22, (p. 2. d. 3.) (p. 1. d. 19. E 3.
    L
  • LAncaster, Edmund Earl thereof (the Kings Brother) summoned, 23, (d. 9.) E: 1. Thomas, Earl thereof summoned: 27, (d. 16. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8, 9.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 2.) Ed.. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4. (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 30.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 12.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) Ed. 2. Henry de Lancastria, Earl thereof summoned, 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 22, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 2. d. 11. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 17.) 16, (p. 1. 33. p. 2. d. 13. 22.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 21. (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) Ed. 3. Henry created Duke of Lancaster sum∣moned, Page  251 25, (p. 1. d. 15.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2.) 34, (d. 4.) E: 3. Iohn, Earl thereof summoned, 36, (d. 16.) E. 3. made Duke of Lancaster, and so summoned) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39▪ (d. 2.) 42▪ (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) King of Castel, Legion, and Duke of Lancaster, sum∣moned by all these Titles.) 46, (d. 9. 10.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p: 2. d. 6.) E. 3. (the Kings Uncle) 1, (d: 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3▪ (d: 32.) 4, (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 35.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d: 42.) R. 2. Iohn, Duke of Aqui∣tain and Lancaster summoned, 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d: 30.) 20, (p: 1. d: 15.) 21, (p: 1. d: 27.) R. 2. Henry, Duke thereof summoned, 23, (d: 3.) R. 2. 1, (d: 37.) H: 4.
  • Leicester; the Earl thereof summoned, 43, (d. 11.) H. 3.
  • Lincoln; Henry de Lacy, Earl thereof summoned, 23, (d. 9.) 27, (d: 9. 6. 18.) 28, (d: 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d. 10.) 34, (d. 2.) Ed: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) Ed. 2.
    M
  • MArch: Roger de Mortuomari (Mortimer) Earl thereof summoned, 4, (d: 32. 41.) E: 3, Roger de Mortuomari (summoned, 29, (d: 7. 8.) 31, (d: 2. 21.) E▪ 3. Edmund de Mortuomari, Earl thereof summoned, 44, (d: 1.) 46, (d: 9.) 47, (d: 13.) 49, (d: 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E: 3. 1, (d: 27.) 2, (d: 29.) 3, (d. 32.) R: 2. Edward, Earl of March, sum∣moned, 1, (d: 37.) 2, (d: 16.) 3, (d: 15.) 4, (d: 16.) 8, (d: 2.) H. 5. 1, (d: 22.) 2, (d: 18.) H: 6:
  • Marshal, Marescallus, Iohn, Earl Marshal summoned, 1, (d: 9.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16) H. 5. Thomas, Earl Marshal, 1, (d. 22) 2, (d. 18.) H. 6. Iohn, Earl Marshal, 3, (d: 9.) H: 6. See Norfolk & Nortingham Page  252 Mountacute, Iohn Marquess thereof, 49, (d. 6.) H. 6.
    N
  • NOrfolk: Com. Norf. & Marescal. Angliae summoned, 49 (d: 11.) H. 3. Roger de Bigd, Comes Norfolk, & Marescallus Angliae, summoned, 23, (d. 1. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d: 6. 25.) 27, (d: 9. 16. 28.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d: 21.) 34, (d: 2.) E. 1. Thomas de Brotherton Com. Norfolk, & Marescallus Angliae, summoned, 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d: 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 31.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d: 8. 12. 14.) 12, (d: 11. 29) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 29▪) 15, (d: 16) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d: 5. 15. 21. 34.) 19, (d: 27.) 20, (d: 4.) E. 2. 1, (p: 2. d: 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 4 (d: 13. 32. 41.) 5 (p: 1. d: 7. 25. p: 2. d: 7.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8. (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. 15.) 12, (p: 2. d: 32.) E: 3. Thomas Duke of Norfolk summoned, 21, (p. 1. d: 27.) R. 2. Iohn Duke of Norfolk summoned, 4, (d: 15.) 5, (d: 4.) 7, (d: 7.) 10, (d: 10.) H: 6, Iohn (his Son) Duke of Norf. sum∣moned, 15, (d: 8.) 18, (d: 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d: 21.) 28, (d. 26.) 29. (d: 41.) 31, (d: 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) 49, d. 6.) H: 6. 1, (d: 35.) 6, (d: 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d: 41.) E: 4.
  • Northampton, William de Bohum Earl thereof summon∣ed, 11, (p. 1. d. 15. p. 2. d. 40.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p: 1. d: 37.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) E. 3. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl thereof summoned, 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) E. 3, See Hereford, Iohn Newel Earl thereof sum∣moned, 6, (d. 1.) E. 4.
  • Page  253Northumberland, Henry de Percy, Earl thereof summon∣ed, 1, (d. 37.) 2▪ (d. 13. 29) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6 (d. 37.) 7, (d: 12. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12. (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 1, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 43.) 16, (d: 23.) 17, (d. 30) 18, (d: 23.) 20, (p: 1▪ d: 15▪) 21, (p: 1 d. 27.) 23, (d: 3.) R: 2. 1, (d. 37) 2, (p: 1. d: 3) 3, (d: 17.) 5, (p: 1. d: 28. p: 2. d: 4.) H. 4. Henry Percy (Earl thereof) summoned, 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d: 11.) 7, (d. 9.) 8, (d. 2.) 9, (d: 13.) H: 5. 1, (d: 22.) 2, (d: 18.) 3, (d: 9) 9▪ (d: 18.) 10, (d. 10,) 11, (d: 10.) 13, (d: 2.) 15, (d: 18.) 18, (d: 33.) 20, (d: 27.) 23, (d: 21.) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d: 26.) 29, (d: 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30) H. 6. Iohn, Earl thereof summoned, 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d: 3.) E: 4. Henry, Earl thereof summoned, 12, (d: 41.) 22. & 23, (d. 10.) E: 4.
  • Nottingham, Iohn de Mowbray, Earl thereof summoned, 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 4, (d: 33.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d: 37.) R. 2. Thomas de Mowbray, Earl thereof summoned, 7, (d: 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d: 42.) Marescallus Angliae, 11, (d: 13. 24.) 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d: 5.) 14, (d: 42.) 15, (d: 37.) 16, (d: 23.) 17, (d: 30.) 20, (p. 1. d: 15.) 21, (p. 1. d: 17.)
    O
  • OXford; Oxon, the Earl thereof summoned, 49, (d: 11.) H. 3. Robert de Veer, Earl thereof summoned; 23, (d: 3. 9.) 24, (d: 7.) 25, (d: 25.) 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d: 2.) E: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19) 2, (d: 11, 20) 3, (d: 16. 17.) 4, (d: 5.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d: 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 11, (d: 8. 12. 14.) 12, (d: 11, 29.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) 17, (d: 27.) 18, (d: 5. 15. 21. 34.) 19, (d: 27.) 20, (d: 〈◊〉.) E: 2. 1, (p: 2. d: 11. 16.) 3, (d: 15. 23. 31.) 4, Page  254 (13. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 25.) E. 3. Iohn de Veer, Earl thereof summoned, 5, (p. 1. d: 7. p. 2. d: 7.) 6, (d: 4. 13. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d: 3.) 8, (d: 18.) 9, (d: 8. 28.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d: 8, 15. p: 2. d: 11. 40.) 12, (p: 2. d: 32.) 13, (p: 2. d: 1. 28.) 14, (p: 1. d: 33.) 17, (p: 1. d: 21.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14. 21, (p: 1. d: 28. p: 2. d: 9.) 22, (p: 1. d: 32. p: 2. d: 3. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d: 23.) 24, (p: 2. d: 5.) 25, (p: 1. d: 5.) 26, (d, 14) 27, (d: 12.) 28, (d: 26.) 31, (d: 2.) 32, (d: 14.) 33, (d: 10.) E: 3. Thomas de Veer, Earl thereof summoned, 35, (d. 36.) 36, (d. 16. 42.) 37, (d: 22.) 38, (d: 39.) 39, (d: 2.) 43, (d: 24) 44, (d: 1.) Ed. 3. Robert de Veer, Earl thereof summoned, 7, (d: 10. 37) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: 45.) Marquess of Dublin, 10, (d: 42.) Duke of Ireland, 11, (d: 24.) R. 2. Albric, or Albert Earl of Oxon sum∣moned, 17, (d: 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p: 1. d: 15.) 21, (p: 1. d: 27.) 23, (d: 3.) R: 2. 1 (d: 37.) H. 4. Richard, Earl thereof summoned, 9, 11, (d: 32.) 12▪ (d: 2.) H: 4. 1, (d: 9. 37.) 2, (d: 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16. H. . Iohn de Veer, Earl thereof summoned, 7, (d: 2.) 9, (d: 18.) 10, (d: 10,) 11, (d: 10.) 13, (d: 2.) 15, (d: 18.) 18, (d: 33.) 20, (d: 27.) 23, (d: 21.) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28. (d: 26.) 29 (d: 4.) 31, (d: 36,) 33, (d: 36.) 38, (d: 30.) 49, (d: 6.) H: 6. 1, (d. 35.) 6, (d: 1.) 9, (d: 3.) E. 4.
    P
  • PEmbroc, William de Valencia, Earl thereof summon∣ed, 23, (d. 3. 9.) E: 1. Adamarus de Valencia, Earl thereof summoned, 27, (d: 8. 16.) E: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11.) 2, (d: 4. 20.) 3, (d: 16. 17.) 5, (d. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d: 16, 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 12. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) E: 2. Laurence Hastings, Earl thereof summoned, 13, (p. 2. d. 1.)
  • Page  255 14, (p. 2. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 21, (p. 1. d: 28.) p. 2. d. 9. 22, (p. 1. d. 32.) E. 3. Iohn de Hastings, Earl thereof summoned, 54, (d. 1.) H. 5. Humphrey Du. of Glo∣cestr Earl thereof summoned, 2, H. 5. d. 16. Ias∣per〈◊〉 thereof summoned, 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6.
    R
  • RIchmond. Iohn de Britannia, Earl thereof sum∣moned, 34, (d. 2.) E: 1. 1, (d: 19.) 2, (d. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 5, (d. 11.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d 29. 35.) 3, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 12. 14,) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) E. 2. 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 4, (d. 13. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9.) 19. 36.) 7. (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 13.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) E. 3. Iohn, Earl of Lanc. and Richmond summoned, 34, (d. 9) 36, (d. 16.) E. 3. Iohn Duke of Brittain, Earl thereof summoned, 2. (d. 13. 29.) R. 2. Edmond, Earl thereof summoned, 31. (d. 36.) H. 6.
  • Rivers, Richard, Earl thereof summoned, 6, (d. 1.) E: 4. Autony Earl thereof summoned, 12, (d. 41.) 22, & 23. (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Rotland, Edward, Earl thereof summoned, 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 2. d. 27) R. 2. 1, (d. 37) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) H. 4.
    S
  • SArum, Salisbury, William de Monteacute (Monteacute) Earl thereof summoned, 11, (p. 2. d. 40.) 24, (p 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 31, (d. 2.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4.) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d: 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d: 24.) 44, (d. 3.) 44, (d. 9.) 47, (d: 13.) 49, (d: 6.) 50, p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 47.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. Page  256 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17. (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) R. 2. Iohn de Monteacut, Earl thereof summoned, 21, (p. 1. d: 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37. .) H. 4. homas Earl thereof summoned, 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (〈◊〉.) 3, (d. .) 4, (d. 16.) H. 5. 5, (d. 4.) H. 6. Richard Earl thereof summoned, 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24) 27, (d: 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36) 33, (d. 30.) Com. Warwic. & Sa••m. 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) E. 4.
  • Salop. Shrewsbury, Iohn, Earl thereof summoned, 23, (d. 21) 25, (d. 24.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) E. 4.
  • Somerset, Iohn Beauford, Earl thereof summoned, 2, (p. 1. d. 27.) 3, (d: 17.) 5, (d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d: 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32) H. 4. Edward Duke of Somerset, 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) H. 6.
  • Stafford, Ralph, Earl thereof summoned, 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d, 2. 21.) 32, (d 14.) 34, (d: 4.) 35, (d. 36.) 36▪ (d: 16) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) E. 3. Hugh, Earl thereof summoned, 46, (d. 9.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) R. 2. Thomas, Earl thereof summoned, 15, (d. 37.) R. 2. Edward, Earl thereof summoned, 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) H. 4. Humphrey, Earl thereof summoned, 3, (d. 9) 4, (d. 15.) 5, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 8.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) H. 6.
  • Suffolk, Robert d Ufford, Earl thereof summoned, 13, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 40.) 16, (p. 1 d. 33.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3. 7) 23, (p. 1. d, 13.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 6.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 31, (d. 2.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4.) 36, Page  257 (d. 36.) 37▪ (d: 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) E. 3. William de Ufford Earl there∣of summoned, 44, (d. 1:) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d: 46.) 50, (p. 1. d: 6.) E. 3. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3▪ (d. 32.) R. 2. Michael de la Pool, Earl thereof summoned, 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 23, (d. 3.) R: 2. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p: 1. d: 28. p: 2. d: 4.) 7, (d: 30.) 8, (d: 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d: 2.) H. 4. 1, (d: 9. 37.) 2, (d: 16.) H. 5. William de la Pool, Earl thereof summoned, 9, (d: 18,) 10, (d: 10.) 11, (d: 16.) 13, (d: 2.) 20, (d: 27.) Made and summoned as Marquess of Suffolk, 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) summoned, as Duke of Suffolk, 27, (d: 24.) 28, (d. 26.) H. 6. Iohn, Duke thereof summon∣ed, 49, (d: 6.) H. 6. 6, (d: 1.) 9, (d: 3.) 12, (d: 41.) 22, & 23, (d: 10.) E. 4.
  • Surrey, Iohn de Warrenna, Earl thereof summoned, 23, (d: 9.) 27, (d: 9. 16. 18.) 28, (d: 3. 17) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 34, (d: 2.) E. 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d: 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d: 16. 17.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d: 16, 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 11, (d: 8. 12. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) 15, (d: 16.) 17, (d: 27.) 18, (d: 15. 21. 34.) 20, (d: 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d: 11. 16.) 2, (d: 11. 15. 23. 31.) 4, (d: 13. 32. 42.) 5, (d: 7. 25.) 6, (d: 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d: 3.) 8, (d: 18.) 9, (d: 8. 28.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. 15. p: 2. d: 11. 40.) 13, (p: 2. d: 1. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39. p. 2. d. 13. 22.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1, d. 14.) 20, (p. 1. d. 22.) 21, (p. 1. d. 28.) E. 3. Thomas Holland, Duke of Surry, summoned, 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23. (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) H. 4.
    V
  • ULon, Li•••l (the Kings Son) Earl thereof sum∣moned, 34, (d. 4.) E. 3. sent into Ireland with an Army, 35, E. 3. d. 33. 36. E. 3. d. 42.
    Page  258W
  • WAles. Edward (eldest Son of Ed. 2.) Prince of Wales, &c. summoned, 30, (d, 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33▪ (d. 10. 31.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. Edward (eldest Son of Ed. 3.) Prince of Wales, &c.) summoned, 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 31, (d. 2.) 34, (d. 4.) 42, (d. 22.) 44. (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9. 10.) 47, (d. 13.) E. 3. Richard, `Prince of Wales (stiled the Kings Son, though his Grand∣child onely) summoned, 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. Henry Prince of Wales, &c. summoned 1 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3. (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 9, 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. Edward (eldest Son of E. 4.) Prince of Wales summoned, 22, & 23. (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Warenne, Iohn, Earl thereof summoned, 23, (d. 3.) 24, (d. 7.) E. 1.
  • Warwick; William de Bello-campo (Beauchamp, Earl thereof summoned, 23, (d. 3. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25. E. 1. Guido de Bello Campo, Earl thereof summon∣ed, 27, (d. 16. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2) 33, (d. 21.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 11. 19) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1▪) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 17.) 8, (d. 35. E. 2. Thomas de Bello-campo, Earl thereof summoned, 4, (d. 13. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 24 36. 7, (p. 2. d. 32.) 1, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d. 33.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 17, (p. 1. d. 14.) 21, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 3. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (p. 1. d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 31, (d. 21.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4.) 36, (d. 16.) 42, (d. 22. 34, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 4.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1. (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 46.) 10. (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42. 15, (d. Page  259 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1 d. 15.) 23▪ (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) H. 4. Richard, Earl thereof summoned▪ 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p▪ 2. d. 4.) 6, 7, (d. 30.) 9, (d. .) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9, 37) 2, (d. 16.) 4, (d, 16.) 8, (d. 2.) H. 5. 1, (d. 22.) 2, (d. 18,) 3, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 2.) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 18.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 1, (d. 31.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) E. 4.
  • Westmerland, Ralf de Nevil, Earl thereof summoned, 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1, 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 6, 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 5. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3 (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d. 11.) 7, (d. 9.) 8, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 13.) H. 5. 1. (d. 22) 2, (d. 26.) 3, (d. 9) 7, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 18,) 10, (10.) 11, (d. 10.) 12, (d. 1.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 18) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d, 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) 22, & 23, (d. 16.) E. 4.
  • Wigorne, Worcester, Thomas de Percy, Earl thereof sum∣moned, 23, (d. 3.) R. 2.) 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) Richard, Earl thereof summoned, 8, (d. 2.) H. 5. Iohn, Earl thereof summoned, 28, (d. 26.) 29. (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) H. 6. 2, (d. 3.) E. 4. Edward Tibetot, Earl thereof sum∣moned, 6, (d. 4.) E. 4.
  • Wilts, Wiltshire, Wiltes, Iames, Earl thereof summon∣ed, 28. (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. Iohn, Earl thereof summoned, 12, (d. 41.) E. 4.
  • Winton, Winchester, Hugh le Dispencer, Earl thereof summoned, 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 15. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) E. 2.
    Page  260Y
  • YOrk, Edmond, Duke thereof summoned, 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15▪ (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 3. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) H. 4. Edward, Duke thereof summoned, 9, (d. .) 11, (d. 26.) 12, (d. 3.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) H. 5. Richard Duke thereof summoned, 11, (d. 10) 13, (d. 2.) 18, (d. 3.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36) H. 6.
Page  261

An Exact Alphabetical and Chronological Table of all the Temporal Lords, Baons, Viscounts and Great Men summoned to Parliaments and Great Councils in England, from 49. H. 3. till 23. E. 4. with the years, dorses of the Clause Rolls in each Kings Reign, and Numbers of the Parliaments to which they were summoned; p. in the Parenthesis, signifying the part of the Clause Roll of the year next before it, d. the dorse, and the figures fol∣lowing it the membrances and dorses wherein they are registred.

    A
  • Gllbert de Acton summond, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E. 3. William de Acton, 33, (d. 10.) E. 3.
  • Iohn ab Adam, 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 6. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33. (d. 21.) 34, (d, 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) E. 2. Elias de Albiniac, 23, (d. 3. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) E. 1. Richard de Aldeburgh, summoned, 6, (d. 4.) E. 3. William de Aldeburge, Aldeburgh, 44, (d. 12.) Chivalr, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 24.)
  • Aldthleg, Aldthleg, See Andeley.
  • Almaric de Sancto Amando (St. Amand) summoned, 28, (d. 3. 7.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 11, 13. 20.) 3, (d. 5. 16.) 4, (d. 1.) E: 2. Iohn de Sancto Amando, sum∣moned, 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22,) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. Page  262 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) E. 2. Alma∣ri de Sancto Amando, 44, (d. 12.) 46, (d. 9. 10. 11.) 47, (d. 13.) 49 (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d.) 3, (d. 17.) H. 4.
  • Aabert de Arcedekne (Archedeacon) Ercdekn, Lerce∣dekne, summoned, 14, (d. 5.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 18, (d. 34.) E. 2. Thomas de Arcedekne, &c. sum∣moned, 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 34) E. 2. Iohn Arcedekne, Lercedekne, summoned, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E. 3.
  • Philip de Arcy, summoned, 28, (d. 17.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) E. 1. See Darcy.
  • Rgniald de Argentine, summoned, 25, (d. 25.) E. 1.
  • Iohn de Arundel, summoned, 1, (d. 37,) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) R. 2. Iohn de Arundel, de Arundel Chivaer▪ summoned, 7, (d. 2.) H. 6. Thomas Arundel de Mountravers, Chivalr▪ summond, 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Nicholas de Astele, or Asteley, summoned, 30▪ (d. 8.) E. 1. 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 17.) E. 2. Thomas de Aste∣le, summoned, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 33, (d. 10.) E. 3.
  • Gilbert de Aton, summoned, 18, (d. 21.) E. 2. William de Aton, 45, (d. 3.) E. 3.
  • Nicholas de Aldithlegh, Aldethly, Adels, Adely, Dau∣dele (thus variously written)▪ summoned, 25, (d. 25.) E. 1. 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) Iunior, 11, (d. 8. 14.) E. 2.
  • Hugh de Adely Daudeley, senior, summoned, 11, (d. 12.) 14, (d. 5.) 22, (d. 4.) E. 2. Hugh de Adele, (Daudely) Iunior, and without addition) 11, (d. 8. 12. (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d, 5. 29.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d: 19.) 4, Page  263 (d. 11. 23. 33. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 19 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) E. 3. Iames de Adele, Daudeley, summoned, 4, (d. 13. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d: 9.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p: 2. d: 11. 40.) 12, (p: 2. d: 32.) 13, (p: 2. d: 1. 28.) 14, (p: 2. d: 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1: d: 37.) 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 17, (p: 1. d: 25.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14.) 24, (p: 1. d: 3.) 25, (p: 1. d. 5.) 26, (d: 14.) 27, (d: 12.) (de Helegh) 33, (d: 10.) 34, (d: 35.) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d: 2.) 44, (d: 1.) 46, (d: 9. 10. 11.) 47, (d. 13.) E. 3. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29) 3, (d: 32.) 4, (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d: 44.) 7, (d: 37,) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d: 42.) 11, (d: 24.) R: 2. Nicholas de Audeley (de Helegh) 11, (d: 13.) R: 2. Richard de Audeley de Helegh, 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d: 5.) 4, (d: 42.) 15, (d: 37.) R. 2. Iames de A∣deley 8, (d: 2.) H. 5.) 1, (d: 22.) 2, (d. 18.) Chi∣valer, 3, (d: 9.) 4, (d: 15.) 5. (d: 4.) 7. (d: 2.) 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d: 10.) 11, (d: 10) 12, 13, (d: 2.) 15, (d: 18.) 18, (d▪ 33.) 20. (d: 37.) 23, (d: 21.) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d: 24.) 28, (d: 26.) 29, (d: 41.) 31, (d: 36) 33, (d: 36.) H. 6. Iohn de Audeley Chivaler, 49, (d: 6.) H: 6. Armiger, 1, (d: 35.) Chivaler, 2, (d: 3.) 6▪ (d: 1.) 12, (d: 41.) 22, & 23. (d: 10.) E. 4.
    B
  • THomas Bacon, summoned, 6, (d: 4.) E. 3.
  • Bartholomew de Badlesmore, summoned, 3, (d: 17.) 5▪ (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d: 27.) 8, (d. 23. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d: 12. 29.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) E. 2. Giles de Badles∣more, summoned, 9▪ (d: 8.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. p: 2. d: 40.) E. 3.
  • Alexander de Balliolo, summoned, 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d▪ 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34▪ (d: 2.) E. 1. Page  264Roger de Banet, Banet, summoned, 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 10, (d: 11. 29.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) E. 2. 6, (d: 49. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d. 3.) 8, (d: 18.) 9, (d: 28.) E. 3.
  • Hugh Bardolfe, 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d: 3.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) E. 1. Thomas Bardolfe, 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d: 11. 20.) 3, (d: 16. 17.) 4, (d: 1.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 32.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d: 11. 29.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) 19, (d. 29.) 20, (d: 4.) E. 2. 1, (p: 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d: 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d: 19.) 4, (d: 13. 32. 41.) Iohn Bardolfe, 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d: 8. 15. p. 2. d. 11. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d: 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 17, (p 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 20, (p. 2. d. 22.) 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 1. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 31.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4▪) E. 3. Iohn Bardolfe de Wyrnegen, 33, (d. 10.) 34 (d. 35.) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) E. 3. William de Bardolfe, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 3. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 4, (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d: 37.) 7, (d: 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: 45.) R. 2. Thomas Bardolfe de Wy∣nisgy, 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d. 17.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) H. 4.
  • Mr. John Barnet, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Ralph Basset de Sapcote, 49, (d. 11). H. 3.
  • Richard Basset de Wilden, Wileden, 25, (d. 25.) 27. (d. 18.) E. 1.
  • Ralph Basset de Drayton (sometimes stiled Senior, 23, (d. 9.) 27, (d. 16. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33. (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 26. 27.) Page  265 8, (d. 29. 35.) , (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 1. d. 6. 11.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 49. 19. 36.) 7, p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8▪ 28) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 11. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 2. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39. P. 2. d. 13. 22.) E. 3. Ralph Basset de Drayton, 31, (d. 2.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4.) 37, (d. 32.) 38▪ (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42▪ (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44▪ (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9. (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) R. 2.
  • Sinon Basset, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Ralph Basset de Sapcoe, 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) E. 3.
  • Robert Baynard, 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 27.) E. 2. 3, (d. 19.) E. 3.
  • Nicholas de Beche, 16. (p. 1. d. 36.) 49, (d. 6.) E. 3.
  • Iohn de Bee, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) E. 1.
  • Iohn de Beke-campo, (Beauchamp) usually stiled de So∣merset, 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 16▪ 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 26.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 24. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16. (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 6. 11.) 2▪ (d. 15. 23. 31.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 12.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8.) 15. (p. 2. d. 11. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14. (p. 2. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 17, (p. 1. d, 25.) 21, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 25.) 29, (d. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 33, (d. 10▪) 34, (d. 4.) E. 3.
  • Page  266Giles de Bello-campo, 20, (d. 4.) E. 2.
  • Iohn de Bello-campo de Warwick, 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 8.) 31, (d. 21.) E. 3.
  • Roger de Bello-campo, 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) R. 2.
  • Iohn Beauchamp de Kiderminster 11, (d. 24.) R. 2.
  • William Beauchamp de Burgavenny, 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 9, (d.) 11, (d. 32.) H. 4.
  • William Beauchamp DOMINUS de Sto. Amando, 27, (d. 24.) Miles 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36) H. 6.
  • John Beauchamp Miles, Dominus de Beauchamp, 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 36.) 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 4.) 12, (d. 41.) E. 4. Richard Beauchamp de Beauchamp Miles, 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Henry de Bello-monte (Beaumont) sum. 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4▪ (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 18. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12▪ (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2. (d. 15. 23. 31.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) E. 3. Iohn de Bellomonte, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E. 3. Henry de Bellomon∣te, 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) E. 3. Iohn de Bellomonte, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 46.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) R. 2. Henry de Bellomonte, 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 8.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 37.) Iohn Beamont, Miles 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 14, 15, (d. 18.) 18, (d. 33.) Vicont de Bea∣mond,Page  267 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6.
  • Robert de Benhall, 33, (d. 10.) 34, (d. 3.) E. 3.
  • William de Berisford, 8, (d. 35.) E. 2.
  • Thomas de Berkelegh, Berkele, Berkeley, Berkely (thus variously written) 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 16 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 10. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 26.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4 (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 17.) 8 (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) E. 2. Thomas de Berkele, Berkeley, 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 9. 23. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14 (p. 1. d. 23. 43.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 20▪ (p. 2. d. 22.) 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 8.) 31, (d. 2.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) E. 3.
  • Maurice de Berkeley, 2, (d. 1. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 19.) 5, (d. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16, 27) 8, (d. 23. 35.) 9, (d. 32.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) E. 2. Maurice de Ber∣kele, Berkeley, 16, (p. 1. d. 36.) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) R. 2.
  • Thomas de Berkeley, Barkeley. 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) Chivaler:) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) de Berkeley, 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 33.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16.) H. 5.
  • Page  268Iames de Berkele, Berkely, 9, (d. 13.) H. 5. 1, (d. 22.) Chivaler, 3, (d: 9.) 4▪ (d: 15.) 5, (d: 4.) 7, (d: .) 9▪ (d: 18.) 10, (d: 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d: 18.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29▪ (d. 41.) 31, (d. 38.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) E. 4.
  • Richard Berkeley, 3, (d. 9.) H. 6. William de Berkeley, Chivaler, 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 6, (d. 1.) 12, (d. 14.) Vi∣cou•• Berkeley, 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Iohn de Berners, Chivaler. 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 7▪ (d. 3.) 8, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) . 4.
  • Roger Bertram, 49. (d. 11.) H. 3.
  • Thomas le Blo••te, Blount, 1, (p: 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 23. 31.) E. 3.
  • William le Blount, Blunt, 4, (d. 13. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8, 28.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 11. 2. d. 40.) E. 3. Walter Blunt de Mountjoy, Chivaler, 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) E. 4. Iohn Blount de Mount∣joy, 22, & 23, Chivaler (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Henry de Bodrigan, 3, (d. 17.) E. 2.
  • Iohn de Bohn, 33, (d. 10.) de Midurst, 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) E. 2.
  • William Boneville, Bonevile, DOMINUS de Bonevile & de Chaton Miles, 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 3.) H. 6.
  • William de Btera••x, Botreaux, 43, (d. 22.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 1. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) Chir. 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) R. 2. Iohn de 〈◊〉, 8, (d. 35.) R. 2. William de Botreaux 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d.) 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d. 11.) 7, (d. 9.) 8, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 13.) H. 5. 1, (d. 22.) 2, (d. 1.) Chivaler, 3, (d. 9.) 4, (d. 15.) 5, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 2.) , (d. 18.) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 1.) 18, (d. Page  269 33.) 20, (d▪ 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28. (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) E. 4.
  • Iohn Bo••tourte, Buteturte, 〈…〉, 33, (d. 3. 8.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) , (d. 3. 3.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 31.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 2) 13, (d. 13.) 14. (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17▪ (d. 27.) 18, (d. 34.) 20, (d. 4) E. 2. Iohn 〈…〉, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) de Byley, 32, (d. 14.) 42, (d. 22.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9, 10. 11.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) R. 2.
  • William de Botiler, Botiller, Butiller, Butiler, 23, (d. 4. .) 24, (d. 7.) de Wrington, 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 18.) E. 1. De 〈◊〉, 1, (d. 8.) 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14▪ (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) E. 2. William Botiller de 〈◊〉, 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) E. 3. Radlph de Botiler, Chivaler, 20, (d. 27.) de Sutley, de sudely, 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 28.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) E. 4.
  • Iohn Burgohier, Bourghhier, 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 3.) 14, (d. 42.) 15▪ (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p: 1. d: 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 21, (p. 1. d▪ 3.) R. 2. 1▪ (d: 37.) H: 4. 〈…〉. Page  270 2.) 15▪ (d. 18.) 18, (d. 33.) de Bourghchier Chi∣valer, 23, (d. 31.) Vicount Burghehier, (yet still lifted towards the end of the Barons, for the most part) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. Henry Bourghchier de Crumwel Chivaler, 49, (d. 8.) H. 6.
  • William Bourghchier, Miles Dominus Fitzwarren, 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) E. 4. Fulco Bourghchier, de Fitz∣warren Chivaler, 12, (d. 41.) E. 4.
  • Iohn Bourghchier de Bruers Chivaler, 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) E. 4. See Berners.
  • Humfrey Bourghchier de Cromwel Chivaler, 9, (d. 3.) E. 4.
  • Thomas de Bradeston, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 29.) 34, (d. 35.) E. 3.
  • Gerard Braybrook, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • William de Brewosa, Brenosa, Brewes, 25, (d. 25.) 28, (d. 9. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 12.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 31.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11▪ 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 21.) 3, (d. 10.) 6, (d. 11. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11, 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) E. 2. Thomas de Brewosa, de Brewes, 16, (p. 1. d, 39. p. 2. d. 13.) 22, (p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 32, (d. 14.) 33, (d. 10.) E. 3.
  • Guido de Brian, Bryan, 24, (p. 1. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d: 2. 21.) 34, (d. 4.) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42. (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46. (d. 3.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d. 4. 5.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) Page  271 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12▪ (d. 42.) R. 2.
  • Henry Bronfleet, Miles, BARO de Vesey, Vessy, 27, (d. 24.) Dominus de Vesey, Vessey, 28, (d. 26) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d. 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) E. 4.
  • Edward Brook de Cobham, Chivaler, 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d: 36.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2. (d. 3.) E. 4. Iohn Brook de Cobham, Chivaler, 12, (d. 41.) 22, & 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Maurice de Brun, Brunne, 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16, 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) E. 2.
  • Rbert de Brus, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) E. 1.
  • Iohn Bucton, 49, (d. 4.) E. 3.
  • Ralph de Bulmer, Bulmere, 16, (p. 2. d. 39.) 18, (p. 1. d: 14.) 21, (p. 2. (d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) E. 3.
  • William de Burgh, 1, (p. 2. d. 11.) 2, (d. 31.) E. 3.
  • Robert de Burghershe, 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. Bartholomew de Burghershe, 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d: 8. 18.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 40.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 22, (p. 1. d: 32. p: 2. d. 7.) 23, (p: 1. d. 23.) Senior, 24, (p. 2. d: 3.) 25, (p: 1. d: 5.) 26, (d. 16.) 27, (d: 12.) 28, (d: 26.) 31, (d: 2.) 34, (d: 4.) 36, (d: 16. 42.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) E. 3.
  • Robert Burghersh, 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 22, (p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d: 23.) E. 3.
  • Edmund Burnel, 5, (d. 17.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) E. 2. Nicholas Burnel, 24, (p: 2. d: 3.) 25, (p: 1. d. 5.) 28, (d. 28.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d: 2. 21.) 36, (d. 10.) 37, (d. 32.) 38, (d. 22.) Page  272 39, (d. 2.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 9.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) R. 2. Hugh Burnel, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d 42.) 15▪ (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17▪ (d. 31.) 18, (. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16.) 5▪ (d. 11.) 7, (d. 9.) H. 5.
  • William de Burton, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
    C
  • THomas de Cailly, 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) E. 2.
  • Ralph Camys, Camoyes de Camoyes, 49, (d. 11.) H. 3. Ralph de Cameyes, Canoyes, 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8. (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11. (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d 11. 29.) 13▪ (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27,) 20, (d. 4) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31) 3. (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36) 7▪ (p. 2. d. 3) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 18.) E. 3.
  • Iohn de Camoyes, 33. (d. 10.) E. 3.
  • Thomas Camoyes, Chivaler, 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13 24.) 1, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 3.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1, d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (p. 1. d. 3.) R.. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22) H. 4. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3▪ (d. 15.) 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d. 11.) 7, (d. 9) 8, (d. 2.) H. 5.
  • 〈…〉 23, (d. 4. 9:) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) Page  273 28, (d: 3.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 3.) E. 1. William de Camvil, 2, (d: 11.) 4, (d. 1.) E. 2.
  • William de Cantilupo, 28, (d: 3.) 30, (d▪ 8. 13.) 32, (d. 21.) 3, (d: 23.) 34, (d: 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 2.) E: 2. Nicholas de Canti lu∣po, 9, (d. 8.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. 15. p: 2. d: 11. 42.) 12, (p. 2. d: 3) 13, (p: 2. d. 1.) 14, (p: 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p: 1. d: 37.) 16, (p: 1. d. 39.) 17, (p: 1. d. 25.) 18, (p: 2. d. 14.) 20▪ (p: 2. d: 22.) 21, (p: 2. d. 9.) 22, (p: 1. d: 32. p: 2. d: 7.) 23, (p: 1. d. 23.) 24, (p: 2. d: 3.) 25, (p: 1. d: 5.) 28, (d. 26.) E. 3.
  • Robert de Causton, 32, (d. 14.) 33, (d. 10.) E. 3.
  • Hugh de Chasteldon, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Peter de Channet, Champne, 28, (d. 3. 17,) 〈◊〉 1.
  • Iohn Chaundos, 11▪ (p. 1. d. 15.) E. 3. 〈◊〉Chaun∣dos de Chaundos, 11, (p. 1. d. 8. p. 2. d. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d: 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 3.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1 d. 39. 2. d. 22.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 20, (p. 1. d. 22.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 1. d. .) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) E. 3.
  • Thomas de Chaworth, 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 18.) E. 1.
  • Iohn de Charleton, (Charleton) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (p. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19. (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25: p. . d. 7.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d: 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d: 28.) 10, (d: 15.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. 15.) Senior, 13▪ (p. 2. d: 1. 28.) 14, (p: 1. d: 23. 33.) 15, (p: 1. d: 37.) 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 17, (p: 1. d: 25.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14.) 20, (p: 2. d: 22.) 21, (p: 2. d: 9.) 22, (p: 1. d: 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (d: 23.) 24, (p. 2. d: 3.) 25, (p: 1. d: 5.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 〈◊〉.) 29, (d: 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21) 34, (d: 4.) E. 3.
  • Iohn de Charleton de Powi, 36, (d: 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, Page  274 (d: 3.) 39, (d: 2.) 42, (d: 22.) 44, (d: 1.) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d: 13.) E. 3. Iohn de Charleton de Powys, 6, (d: 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d: 42.) 11, (d: 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 3.) 14, (d. 42) 15, (d: 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d: 23.) 20, (p: 1. d. 15.) 21, (p: 1. d: 27.) 23, (p: 1. (d. 3.) R: 2. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (p: 2. d. 3.) H: 4. Ed∣ward Charleton de Powys, 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d: 4.) 7, (d: 30.) 8, (d. 7.) 11, (d: 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d: 2.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 6.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d: 16.) 5, (d. 11.) 7, (d: 9.) 8, (d: 2.) H. 5.
  • Richard de Clare, 3 (d: 17.) E. 2.
  • John de Clavering, Claverings, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32▪ (d. 2.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 3, (d: 16. 17.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29, 35.) 9, (d: 2.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d: 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) E. 3.
  • Robert de Clifford, de Clyfford, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 5, (d. 17.) 6, (d. 3. 11. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) E 2. Roger de Clifford, 13, (d: 12.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) E. 2. Robert de Clifford, 1, (p. 2. d. 11.) 2, (d. 23. 31.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d: 7. 25. p: 2. d. 7.) 6, (d 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9▪ (d. 8. 18.) 16, (p. 1. d: 39.) 18, (p. 1. d: 14.) 31, (d: 2.) E: 3. Ro∣ger de Clifford, 32, (d: 14.) 34, (d: 4.) 37, (d: 22.) 38, (d: 2.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d: 22.) 43, (d: 24.) 44, (d: 1.) 46, (d: 9.) 47, (d: 13.) 49, (d 4. 6.) 50, (p. 1. d: 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 4. (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 5) 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d: 42.) R. 2. Thomas Clifford, 13, (d: 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) R. 2 Iohn Clifford, 12, (d 2.) 14, (d: 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d: 15.) 4, (d. Page  275 16.) 8, (d. 2.) H. 5. Iohn de Clifford, Chivaler, 20, (d▪ 27.) H. 6. Thomas de Clifford Chivaler, 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d: 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d: 41.) 31, (d: 36.) H. 6. William de Clifford Dominus de Clifford, 38, (d. 30.) H. 6.
  • Iohn de Clifton, Clyften, 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d: 37.) 7, (d: 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d: 24.) 12, (d: 42.) R. 2. Constantine de Clifton, 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d: 30.) 18, (d: 23.) R. 2.
  • Iohn de Clinton, 27, (d: 18.) E. 1. William de Clinton, Clynton, 4, (d: 23.) 5, (d: 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d: 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d. 3.) 8, (d: 18.) 9, (d: 8. 18.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) E. 3. Iohn de Clynton, 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d: 3.) 8, (d. 18.) E. 3. Iohn de Clynton, 31, (d: 2.) 32, (d: 14.) 34, (d: 4.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d. 13.) 49, (d: 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d: 37.) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) (9, d: 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d: 13. 24.) 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d: 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d: 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) R. 2. William de Clinton, 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d: 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d: 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 4, (d. 16.) 8, (d: 2.) 9, (d: 13.) H: 5. 1, (d: 22.) 2, (d: 18.) 3, (d. 9.) 4, (d. 15.) Chivaler, 9, (d. 18,) H. 6. Iohn DOMINUS de Clinton, 29, (d: 41.) 33, (d: 36.) H. 6. Chivaler, 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) E. 4.
  • Henry de Cobeham, Cobbeham, Cobham, 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d: 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4:) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3) Page  276 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d: 8. 18.) 1, (p. 1. d. 7.) E. 3. Stephen de Cobbeham, 10, (d. 4.) E. 2. . (p: . d. 1.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 3. 23.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) , (p. 2. d. 3.) E. 3. ••∣ginald de Cobbeham, Cobham, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 11, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 6.) 3, (d. 2.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4.) 44, (d. ▪) 46, (d. 9.) E. 3. Iohn de Cobbeham, 6, (d. 4.) 16, (p. 2. d. 13. 22.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27, (d. 14.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21. 29.) E. 3. Iohn de Cobbeham de Kent, 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 11.) 47, (d. 6.) 49, (d. 4. 8.) E. 3. , (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37) 7, (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 4.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) Chivaler, 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 8, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d. 0.) 8, (d. 2.) H. 4. See Old astle.
  • John Coggeshall, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Iohn Cokdyn, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Walter de Colvyll, 49, (d. 11.) H. 3.
  • Robert de Colevil, Colvil, Colvile, 16, (p. 1. d. 39. p. 2. d. 22.) 22, (p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, (d. 14.) 33, (d. 10.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 36, (d. 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) E. 3.
  • Philip de Columbariis, 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 1. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 37.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 18.) 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15. p. 2. d. 11. Page  277 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 2. d. 23. 33.) E. 3.
  • Peter Corbet, de Corbet, 23, (d. 9.) 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 16. 28.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 31.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 7. 29.) 16, (d. 16.) E. 3. Robert Corbet, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Iohn Cornwal, Chivaler, 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 18.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) H. 6.
  • Hugh de Courtenay, 27, (d. 16. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 22.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 11. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.): 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7) 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 28.) E. 3.) Hugh de Courtenay Iunior, 11, (p. 1. d. 8. 15.) E. 3. Hugh de Courtenay le Fitz. 44, (d. 4.) E. 3.
  • Craystocke, See Graystocke.
  • William de Cressey, 15, (d. 25.) E. 1.
  • Iohn de Cretings, 6, (d. 4. 9. 19. 36.) E. 3.
  • Iohn de Crombewel, Crumbewel, Crumwel, 1, (d. 8) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 5, (d. 11. 15.) 14, (d. 5.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p: 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d: 19.) 4, (d: 13. 23, 32. 41.) 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 13. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d. 7.) 8, (d: 18.) 9, (d. 18.) E. 3. Ralph de Crumbewel, Chivaler, 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d: 37.) 7, (d: 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: Page  278 45.) 10, (d: 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d: 5.) 14, (d: 42.) 15, (d: 37.) 16, (d: 23.) 17, (d: 30.) 18, (d: 23.) 20, (p. 1. d: 15.) 21, (p. 1. d: 27) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (p. 1. d: 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p: 2. d: 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d: 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d: 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d: 16.) H. 5. Ralph Crombewel, Chivaler, 1, (d: 22.) 2, (d: 18.) 3, (d: 9.) 4, (d. 15.) 5, (d. 4.) 7, (d: 2.) 9, (d. 18) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d: 2.) 15, (d: 18.) 18, (d: 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d: 23.) 28, (d: 26.) 29, (d: 41.) 31, (d: 36.) 33, (d: 36.) H. 6. Humfrey, Dominus Crombewel, 2, (d: 3.) 6, (d: 1.) E. 4.
  • Nicholas de Cryoll, 25, (d. 25.) E. 1.
  • Simon de Cudington, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
    D
  • RAnulph, Ralph de Dacre, 14, (d. 5.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 21. 34.) 20, (d: 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 16.) 2, (d: 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d: 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p: 1. d. 7. 25. p: 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7 (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 18.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 12, (p: 2. d. 32.) E. 3. William de Dacre, 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27, (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 7. 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d: 4.) E. 3.
  • Ralph de Dacre 34, (d: 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d: 3.) 39, (d. 2.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9.) 47, (d. 13.) E. 3. Hugh de Dacre, Chivaler, 50, (p: 2. d. 6) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d. 27.) R. 2. William de Dacre, 7, (d. 10. 31.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24) 12, (d. 42) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) 16, (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, Page  279 (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) H. 4.
  • Thomas de Dacre de Gisland, 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 3, (d. 15.) 4, (d. 10.) 5, (d. 11.) 7, (d. 9.) 8, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 14.) H. 5. 1, (d. 22.) 2, (d. 18.) 3, (d. 9.) 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 2.) Chivaler, 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 18.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) 25, (d. 20.) 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) 31, (d: 36.) 33, (d: 31.) H. 6. Reginald Dacre de Gisland, Chivaler, 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. Humfrey Dacre de Gisland, 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Thomas de Dagworth, 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32.) E. 3.
  • Roger Damory, 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 15. 29.) E: 2. Richard Damory, 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15, 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 32. 41.) E. 3.
  • Philip de Darcy (de. Arcy) See Arcy, 25, (d. 25.) 28, (d. 3.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) E. 1. Philip Darcy, 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 5. 23. 31.) 4, (d. 13. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25.) 6, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 9. 19, 36.) Iohn Darcy de Cosin, 6▪ (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) de Knayth, 22, (p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 23.) 24, (p. 2. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27, (d. 1. 5.) 28, (d. 26.) E. 3. Philip de Darcy, 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) R. 2. Thomas Darcy, 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d: 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) R. 2. Philip Darcy, 3, (d: 45.) 10, (d: 42.) 11. (d: 13. 24.) 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37) 16▪ (d. 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d: 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) R. 2. Iohn Darcy, 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p: 2. d: 4.) 7, (d. 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11, (d. 32.) 12, (d: 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4.
  • Elie Daubeny, 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d, 21.) E. 1. Ralph Daubeny, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E. 3.
  • William Danmarle, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Page  280Rowland Davoyes, 32, (d. 14. E. 3.
  • Dadl, See Audeley.
  • Descales, See S••les.
  • Hugh le Dispensor, Justicia•••s Angliae, 49, (d. 11.) H. 3.
  • Hugh le Dispenser, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d: 7.) 25, (d: 25.) 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d: 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33▪ (d: 21.) 34, (d: 2.) E: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d: 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d: 16. 17.) 4, (d: 1.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7▪ (d: 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) stiled Senior, 9, (d: 22.) 11, (d: 8. 14▪) 12, (d: 11. 29.) 13, (d: 13.) 14. (d: 15. 29.) 15, (d: 16.) E. 2. Hugh le Dispenser Iunior, 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d: 11. 29.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) 15, (d: 16.) 16, (d: 26.) 17, (d: 27.) 18, (d: 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d: 27.) E: 2. Hugh le Dispenser, 13, (p: 2. d: 1. 28.) 14, (p: 1. d: 23. 33.) 15, (p: 1. d: 37.) 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 17, (p: 1. d: 25.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14.) 22, (p: 1. d. 7.) E: 3. Edward le Dispenser, 31, (d: 2.) 32, (d: 14.) 34, (d: 4.) 38, (d: 3.) 39, (d: 2.) 46, (d: 9.) E: 3. Philip le Dispen∣ser, 11, (d: 24.) 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d: 5.) 14, (d: 42.) 15, (d: 37.) 16, (d: 23.) 17, (d: 30.) 18, (d: 23.) 20, (p: 1. d: 15.) 21, (p: 1. d: 7.) 23, (d: 3.) R. 2. 1, (d: 37.) H. 4.
  • Iohn Devereux, 8, (d: 37.) 9, (d: 45.) 10, (d: 42.) 11, (d: 13. 24.) 12, (d: 42.) 13, (d: 5.) 14, (d: 42.) 15, (d: 37.) 16, (d: 23.) R. 2. Walter Devereux de Feriers, Chivaler, 49, (d: 6.) H: 6. Dominus de Fer∣riers, 2, (d: 3.) 6, (d: 1.) 9, (d: 3.) 12, (d: 41.) 22, and 23, (d: 10.) E. 4.
  • Edward Deyncourt, de Eyncourt, 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d: 2.) Ed. 1. 1, (d: 8. 11 19.) 2, (d: 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d: 16. 17.) 4, (d: 1.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 3. 31.) 7, (d: 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d: 11. 29.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) 15, (d: 16.) 16, (d: 26.) 17, (d: 27.) 18, (d: Page  281 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d: 4.) E. 2. William de Eyncourt, 6, (d: 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p: 2. d: 3.) 8, (d: 18.) 9, (d: 8. 18.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. 15. p: 2. d: 11. 40.) 12, (p. 2. d. 30.) 13, (p: 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p▪ 〈◊〉. d: 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d: 37.) 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 17, (p: 1. d: 25.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14.) 22, (p: 2. d: 7.) 23, (p: 1. d: 23.) 24, (p: 1. d. 3.) 25, (p: 1. d: 5.) 27, (d: 12.) 28, (d: 26.) 29, (d: 2. 28.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, (d: 14.) 34, (d: 14. 35.) 36, (d: 16.) 37, (d: 22.) E. 3.
  • Iohn Dyncourt, 39, (d: 2.) E. 3.
  • Iohn Dinham, Dynham, de Caredinham, Chivaler, 2, (d: 1.) 3, (d. 3.) 12, (d: 41.) 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
  • Richard de Draycot, 35, (d: 25.) E. 1.
  • Dufford, See Ufford.
  • Oliver Dyna••t, 23, (d: 4. 9.) 25, (d: 25.) 28, (d. 17.) E. 1.
    E
  • WIlliam de Ebricis, 27, (d. 18.) E. 1.
  • William de Echingham, 5, (d. 17, 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 17.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 19.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d: 16.) E: 2.
  • Iohn de Eganie, Egayne, Degayne, 25, (d: 25.) 27, (d. 16. 17.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34. (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 21.) 3▪ (d. 16. 17.) 4▪ (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 12.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d: 5. 29.) E. 2. Iohn de Egaine, 16 (p: 1. d. 39. p. 2. d. 22.) 22, (p. 1. d. . 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, (d. 14.) 34, (d. 4.) E. 3. Thomas D'engaine, 32, (d. 14.) E..
  • Henry de Erdington, 9, (d. .) E..
  • Nicholas de Estle, 30, (d. 8. 13.) E. 1.
  • Page  282Andrew de Astle, Estlegh, Estlye, Estelye, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 27, (d. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 7.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1.
  • Thomas de Estelye, 22, (p. 2. d. 7.) E. 3.
  • Adam de Everingham, 2, (d: 11. 20.) 〈◊〉 (d. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 19, 35) 9, (d. 12.) E. 2.
  • Adam de Everingham de Laxton, 44, (d. 1.) E. 3.
  • Roger de Extrnoo (Lstrange) 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d: 7.) 25, (d. 25.) 30, (d. 13.) E. 1. Iohn de Extran••, 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 19.) E. 2, See Le∣strange.
  • De Eyncourt, See Deyncourt.
  • Iohn de Eyvil, 49, (d. 11▪) H. 3.
    F
  • IOhn de Fasle, Falsley, Chivaler, 7, (d. 10. 37) 8, (d. 3. 5) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42. 13, (d. 5) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d. 37.) R: 2.
  • Iohn de Falewesle, 16, (d. 23.) R. 2.
  • Wlter de Faonberge, Faucomberge, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) 27 (d. 16.) 28, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d: 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 8. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 6, (d. 11. 31.) 7, (d: 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d: 11. 29.) E. 2. Iohn de Faucomberge, 9, (d. 8.) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 11, (p. 1. d: 8. p. 2. d. 11 (40.) 12, (p. 2. (d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14. (p. 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14.) 20, (p. 2, d. 22.) 21, (p: 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p: 1. d. 19.) 29, (d. 7.) E. 3. Walter Faucomberge, 24, (p. 1. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 27▪ (d. 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d: 7, 8.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 34, (d: 4. 35.) 36, (d. 16.) E. 3.
  • Robert de Felton, 6, (d. 3.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) E. 2. William de Felton, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E. 3.
  • Page  283Thomas de Fencotes, 23, (p. 1. d: 19.) E. 3.
  • Fennys, See Fynes.
  • William de errariis, (Frrers) 25, (d. 25.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) E. 2. Iohn de Ferrarii, 27, (d. 16. 17.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d: 2.) E. 1. 1, (d: 11, 19.) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d: 1.) 5, (d: 17. 25.) 7, (d. 16.) 12, (d: 12. 29.) E: 2. William de Ferrariis, 6, (d. 3. 3.) 7, (d. 16. 7.) 8, (d. 23. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14) 13, (d. 13.) 15, (d: 16.) 16, (d. 21, 26) 17, (d: 27.) E: 2. Henry de Ferrariis, 4, (d: 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (p: 1. d: 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 38.) 7, (p: 2. d: 3.) 8, (d, 18.) 9, (d: 8. 28.) 10, (d: p. 5.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. 15. p: 2, d: 11. 40.) 12, (p: 2. d: 32.) 16, (p: 1. d. 39. p: 2. d. 13.) E. 3. Robert de Ferrariis, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E: 3. William de Fer∣rers, 28, (d: 26.) 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) E: 3. Ro∣bert de Ferrers, de Wemme, 49 (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1. (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3. (d. 32.) R. 2. Henry de Ferrari••, Ferrers de Groby, 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d: 37.) 7▪ (d. 10. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d. 42.) 11, (d: 24.) R. 2. William de Ferrariis de Grby, 20, (p: 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27) 23, (d: 3.) R: 2. , (d: 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d: 17.) 5, (p: 1. d: 28. p. 2. d: 4.) 7, (d: 30.) 8, (d: 2.) 11, (d: 32.) 12, (d: 2.) 14, (d. 22.) H. 4. 1, (d: 9. 37.) 2, (d. 6.) 3, (d▪ 16.) 4, (d. 16.) 5, (d. 11.) 7, (d. 9.) 8, (d: 2.) 9, (d. 13.) H: 5. 1, (d. 22.) Chivaler, 2. (d: 18.) 3, (d. 9.) 4, (d. 15.) 5, (d. 4.) 7, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d. 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 12, (d: 2.) 15, (d: 18.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d. 27.) 23, (d. 21.) Dominus de Ferrariis de Gre∣by, 25, (d. 24.) 27, (d. 24.) H. 6.
  • Brian Fil, Alni, (Fitz-Alan) 23, (d: 4. 9.) 24▪ (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d: 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) E. 1.
  • Thomas Fil. Bernardi (Fitz-Bernard) 6, (d. 3. 31:) 7, Page  284 (d: 16. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 31.) 9, (d. 22.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 14, (d. 5.) 15, (d. 16.) E. 2.
  • Archerus Fil. Henrici, (Fitz-Henry, 2, (d. 1.) 4, (d. 11.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d: 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 12.) 14, (d. 15.) 15▪ (d: 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) E. 2.
  • Henry Fil. Hugh (Fitz-Hugh) 14 (d: 5.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 23.) 5, (d: 7. 25.) 6, (d. 9. 19 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d: 8. 18:) 10, (d. 1. 5.) 12, (p. 2. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p. 1. d. 23. 33.) 15, (p. 1. d. 37.) 16, (p. 1. d. 39) 17, (p. 1. d. 25.) 18, (p. 1. d. 14.) 20, (p. 2. d. 22.) 21, (p. 2. d. 9.) 22, (p. 1. d. 32. p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p: 1. d: 23.) 25. (p: 1. (d: 5.) E. 3. Henry Fitz-Hugh, 1, (d: 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 40.) 6, (d. 37.) 7, (d: 16. 37.) 8, (d. 35.) 9, (d. 45.) 10, (d: 42.) 11, (d. 13. 24.) 12, (d. 42.) 13, (d. 5.) 14, (d. 42.) 15, (d: 37.) 16, (d: 23.) 17, (d. 30.) 18, (d. 23.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d: 3.) R. 2. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5, (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) 7, (d: 30.) 8, (d. 2.) 11. (d. 32.) 12, (d. 2.) 14, (d. 2, 2.) H. 4. 1, (d. 9. 37.) 2, (d. 16.) 4, (d. 16.) 8, (d: 2.) H. 5. 1, (d. 22.) H. 6. William Fitz Hugh Chivaler, 7, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 18.) 10, (d: 10.) 11, (d. 10.) 13, (d. 2.) 15, (d. 18.) 18, (d. 33.) 20, (d: 27.) 23, (d: 21.) 25, (d: 24.) 27, (d: 24.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d. 41.) H: 6. Henry Fitz Hugh Chivaler, 33, (d: 38.) 38, (d: 30.) 49, (d. 6.) H: 6. 1, (d: 35.) 2, (d: 3.) 6, (d: 1.) 9, (d: 3.) E: 4. Richard Fitz-Hugh, Chivaler, 22, and 23, (d: 10.) E. 4.
  • Iohn Fil. Iohanuis (Fitz-Iohn) 49, (d: 11.) H: 3. Richard Fil. Iohannis, 23, (d: 9.) E: 1.) Matthew Fil. Iohannis, 25, (d: 25.) E. 1.
  • Robert Fil. Pagani, (Fitz-Pagan, Fitz-Payn) 25, (d: 25.) Page  285 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d: 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d: 21.) 34, (d: 2.) E: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d: 14. 21.) 3, (d: 17.) 5, (d: 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 31.) 7, (d: 16. 27.) 9, (d. 29. 35.) E: 2. Robert le Fitz-Payn, 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p: 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31) 3, (d: 19.) 4, (d. 23. 32.) 5 (p: 2. d: 7.) 6, (d: 4. 9. 19. 38.) 7, (p: 2. d: 3.) 8, (: 18.) 9, (d: 8. 28.) 10, (d: 1. 5.) 11, (p: 1. d: 8. p. 2. d: 11. 40.) 12, (p: 2. d: 32.) 13, (p: 2. d. 1. 28.) 14, (p: 1. d: 23. 33.) 15, (p: 1. d: 37.) 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 17, (p: 1. d: 25.) 24 (p: 2. d: 3.) 25, (p: 1. d. 5.) E. 3.
  • Iohn Fitz-Rauph, 31, (d. 14.) E. 1.
  • Iohn Fitz-Reginald, 25, (d: 25.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) E. 1.
  • Robert Fil. Rogeri, (Fitz-Roger) 23, (d: 4. 9.) 24, (d: 7.) 25, (d: 6. 25.) 27, (d: 18.) 28, (d: 17.) 30, (d: 8▪ 1.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d: 21.) 34, (d: 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E: 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d: 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) E: 2. Iohn Fil. Rogeri, 27, (d: 18.) E: 1. Andrew Fil. Rogeri, 27▪ (d: 16.) E. 1.
  • Robert Fil-Walteri, (Fitz-Wanter,) 23, (d: 4. 9.) 24, (d: 7.) de Dauntre, 25, (d: 25.) 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d: 2.) 33, (d: 21.) 34, (d: 2.) E. 1. 1, (d: 8. 11. 19.) 2, (d. 14. 20.) 3, (: 16. 17.) 5, (d, 17. 25.) 6, (d: 31.) 8, (d: 29. 35.) 9, (d: 22.) 13, (d: 13.) 14, (d: 1. 29.) 15, (d: 16.) 17, (d: 27.) 18, (d: 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27) E: 2. Iohn Fitz-Water, 15, (p: 1. d. 37.) 16, (p: 1. d: 39.) 17, (p: 1. d: 25.) 18, (p: 1. d: 14.) 22, (p: 1. d. 7.) 23, (p: 1. d: 23.) 24, (p: 1. d. 3.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5.) 26, (d. 14.) 27, (d: 12.) 28, (d. 26.) 29, (d: 8.) 31, (d: 2. 21.) (34, (d: 4.) E. 3. Walter, Fitz-Water, 43, (d. 24.) 49, (d: 4. 6.) 50, (p. 2. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d: 13. 29.) 3, (d: 32.) 4, (d: 32.) 5, (d: 40.) 6, (d: 37.) 7, (d: 10. 37.) 8, (d: 35.) 9, (d: 15.) R. 2. Walter, Fitz-Waulter, 14, (d: 42.) 15, (d: 37.) 16) d: 23) 17, (d. 30.) 20, (p. 1. d. 15.) 21, (p. 1. d. 27.) 23, (d. 3.) R. 2. 1, (d: 37.) 2, (p. 1. d. 3.) 3, (d. 17.) 5. (p. 1. d. 28. p. 2. d. 4.) H. 4. Walter, Fitz-Wa∣ter,Page  286 Chivaler, 7, (d. 2.) 9, (d. 18.) H. 6.
  • Fulco Fil. Warini, (Fitz-Waren) 23, (d: 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 25, (d, 6. 25.) 27, (d: 16. 18.) 28, (d. 3. 17) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 19.) 2, (d: 20.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 24. 35.) Senior, 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 39.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 18, (d. 5. 34.) . 2. 5, (p. 1. d. 7. 2. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 9. 19. 36.) 7, (p. 2. d. 3.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 28.) E. 3. William Fil. Warini, 16, (p. 1. d. 39.) E. 3.
  • Ralph Fil. Willielmi (Fitz-William) 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7) 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 18.) 28, (d. 17.) 32, (d. 2.) E. 1. 4, (d. 3.) 7, (d. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) E. 2. Ro∣bert Fil. Willielmi, (Fitz William) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 19.) 2, (d. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) E. 2.
  • Godfry de olecumbe, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Iohn de Folevil, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Iordan Foliot, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 25, (d. 25.) E. 1. 9, (d. 22.) E. 2.
  • Hugh de Frene, 10▪ (d. 1. 5.) E. 3.
  • Ralph de Freschevil, 25, (d. 25.) E. 1.
  • Thomas de Frowike, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Baldwin de Fryvil, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Thomas de Fulnatly, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Thomas de Furnivall, sometimes stiled senior, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24 (d. 7.) 25, (d. 25.) 26, (d. 18.) 28, (d. 13. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) 35, (d. 13.) E. 1. 1▪ (d. 8. 11. 19.) 2▪ (d. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16▪ 17.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d: 2. 31.) 7, (d. 16. 27.) 8, (d. 23. 35.) 9, (d. 26.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 33.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17▪ (d. 27.) 18, (d. 5. 21. 34.) 19, (d. 27.) 20, (d. 4.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11. 16.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d. 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23. 32. 41.) 5, (d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 8, (d. 18.) 9, (d. 8. 18.) 11, (p. 2. d. 11, p. 1. d. 32.) 13, (p. 2. d. 28) E. 3.
  • Page  287Thoma de Furnival, Iunior, 1, (d. 11▪ 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) 17, (d. 27.) 18, (d. 21. 34.) E. 2. 1, (p. 2. d. 11.) 2, (d. 15. 23. 31.) 3, (d: 19.) 4, (d. 13. 23.) 5, (d. 7. 25. p. 2. d. 7.) 6, (d. 30.) E. 3. Thomas de Furnivl, 22, (p. 2. d. 7.) 23, (p. 1. d. 22.) 24, (p. 2. d. 7.) 25, (p. 1. d. 5) 26, (d: 26.) 28, (d. 8.) 29, (d. 19.) 31, (d. 2. 21.) 32, (d: 14.) 33, (d. 10.) 34, (d. 4. 35.) 35, (d: 36.) 36, (d: 16.) 37, (d. 22.) 38, (d. 3.) 39, (d. 2.) E. . William de Furnival, 42, (d. 22.) 43, (d. 24.) 44, (d. 1.) 46, (d. 9. 10. 11.) 49, (d. 4. 6.) 50, (p. 1. d. 6.) E. 3. 1, (d. 37.) 2, (d. 13. 29.) 3, (d. 32.) 4, (d. 32.) 5, (d. 37.) 6, (d. 37.) R. 2.
  • Iames Fyenes, Fennys, Miles, Dominus de Say et Seal, 27, (d. 24.) 28, (d. 26.) William Fennys, Dominus de Say et Seal, Chivaler, 29, (d. 41.) 33, (d. 36.) 38, (d. 30.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, (d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) E. 4.
  • Richard Fennys, (Fynes) Dominus de Dacre, Chivaler, 38, (d. 30.) 49, (d. 6.) H. 6. 1, (d. 35.) 2, (d. 3.) 6, d. 1.) 9, (d. 3.) 12, (d. 41.) 22, and 23, (d. 10.) E. 4.
    G
  • GIlbert de Gandano, or de Gaunt, 49, (d. 11.) H. 3. 23, (d. 4. 9.) 24, (d. 7.) 5, (d. 25.) E. 1.
  • Geoffry de Genvil, Genevil, Geynvil, 27, (d. 18.) 28, (d. 17.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1.
  • Iohn Giffard, Gifford, de Gifford, 23, (d. 4. 9.) 25, (d. 25.) 27, (d. 16. 18.) E. 1. Obertus Gifford, 25, (d. 25.) E. 1. Iohn Gifford de Borinesfeld, 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9▪ (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12▪ (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) E. 2. Iohn Gifford de Beof, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Iohn Golafre, 32, (d. 14.) E. 3.
  • Raduph de Gorge, 2, (d. 11. 20.) 3, (d. 16. 17.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11. 17. 25.) 6, (d. 3. 31▪) 7, (d. 27.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d. 8. 14.) 12, (d. 11. 29.) 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. 5. 29.) 15, (d. 16.) 16, (d. 26.) E. 2.
  • Page  288Ralph de Gorge, 13, (d. 13.) 14, (d. . 29.) E. 2.
  • William de Grandisson, (Grandison) 27, (d. 16. 18.) 28, (d: 3. 17.) 30, (d. 8. 13.) 32, (d. 2.) 33, (d. 21.) 34, (d. 2.) E. 1. 1, (d. 8. 11. 19▪) 2, (d. 11. 14. 20.) 3, (d. 16.) 4, (d. 1.) 5, (d. 11.) 6, (d. 11. 31.) 7, (d. 16.) 8, (d. 29. 35.) 9, (d. 22.) 11, (d.